HOME
The Info List - Sunda Strait


--- Advertisement ---



The Sunda Strait
Strait
(Indonesian: Selat Sunda) is the strait between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra. It connects the Java Sea
Java Sea
to the Indian Ocean. The name comes from the Indonesian term Pasundan, meaning "West Java". It also comes from the name of the Sundanese people, the native people of West Java, with the Javanese people being found mostly in Central and East Java.[1]

Contents

1 Geography 2 The Battle of Sunda Strait 3 Planned bridge 4 Islands in the strait

4.1 Bays

5 See also 6 References

Geography[edit] The strait stretches in a roughly north-east/south-west orientation, with a minimum width of 24 km (15 mi) at its north-eastern end between Cape Tua on Sumatra
Sumatra
and Cape Pujat on Java. It is very deep at its western end but as it narrows to the east it becomes much shallower, with a depth of only 20 m (65 feet) in parts of the eastern end. This makes it notoriously difficult to navigate, with sandbanks, very strong tidal flows and man-made obstructions such as oil platforms off the Java coast. It had been an important shipping route for centuries, especially during the period when the Dutch East India Company used it as the gateway to the Spice Islands of Indonesia (1602-1799). However, the strait's narrowness, shallowness, and lack of accurate charting makes it unsuitable for many modern large ships, most of which use the Strait
Strait
of Malacca instead.[2] The strait is dotted by a number of strait islands, many of which are volcanic in origin. They include: Sangiang
Sangiang
(Thwart-the-Way), Sebesi, Sebuku, and Panaitan
Panaitan
(Prince's). The most famous volcano, however, is Krakatoa, which exploded in 1883 in one of the deadliest and most destructive eruptions of all time. The islands in the strait and the nearby surrounding regions of Java and Sumatra
Sumatra
were devastated in that eruption, primarily due to intense pumice fall and huge tsunamis caused by the collapse of the volcano. The eruption drastically altered the topography of the strait, with as much as 18–21 km³ of ignimbrite being deposited over an area of 1.1 million km² around the volcano. Some areas have never been resettled (such as the coastal region of Java now incorporated into the Ujung Kulon National Park), but much of the coastline is now very densely populated. Aside from Krakatoa's sole remaining peak, Rakata, the Krakatau
Krakatau
archipelago consists of the islands of Lang (Panjang or Rakata
Rakata
Kecil), Verlaten (Sertung), and most recently, Anak Krakatau, which emerged in 1927 from the original Krakatoa's shattered remains. The Battle of Sunda Strait[edit] On March 1, 1942, the Battle of Sunda Strait—part of the larger Battle of the Java Sea—took place when the Allied cruisers HMAS Perth and USS Houston encountered a Japanese amphibious landing force near Bantam commanded by Rear Admiral Kenzaburo Hara,[3] which included a light cruiser and eleven destroyers, four heavy cruisers and a light aircraft carrier.[4] The two Allied cruisers were sunk, while a Japanese minesweeper and a transport vessel were sunk by friendly fire.[2] Planned bridge[edit] Main article: Sunda Strait
Strait
Bridge In the 1960s proposals were made for a bridge across the Sunda Strait and in the 1990s further suggestions arose. A new plan was announced in October 2007 which would entail utilising the islands of Ular, Sangiang
Sangiang
and Prajurit
Prajurit
to create a four-part suspension bridge reaching 70 metres (230 ft) above sea level with a maximum span of 3 kilometers, nearly 50% longer than the current record holder, the Akashi Kaikyō Bridge. Construction was projected beginning in 2014 if funding, estimated to be at least US$10 billion, could be secured.[5] An accord was signed in April 2012 with China Railway Construction Corporation for an $11 billion road and double track rail bridge.[6] However, in November 2014, the incoming government of President Joko Widodo shelved plans to build the bridge.[7] Islands in the strait[edit]

Anak Krakatoa Calmeyer Krakatau

Danan, volcanic cone on Krakatoa Perboewatan, volcanic cone on Krakatoa Rakata, volcanic cone on Krakatoa

Legundi Panaitan
Panaitan
(Prince's Island)

Panjang, or Rakata
Rakata
Ketjil (Lang) Polish Hat, destroyed in 1883 eruption of Krakatoa Sangiang
Sangiang
(Thwart-the-way) Sebesi Sebuku Sertung (Verlaten) Steers (island) Tabuan

Bays[edit]

Lampung Bay, Sumatra Semangka Bay, Sumatra Welcome Bay, Java

See also[edit]

Sunda Straits Crisis Java Head Kra Canal Lombok Strait Makassar Strait Malaccamax List of road-rail bridges

References[edit]

^ "Sunda Islands". Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names. John Everett-Heath. Oxford University Press 2005. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. ^ a b Donald B. Freeman, The Straits of Malacca: Gateway Or Gauntlet?. McGill-Queen's Press, 2006. ^ L, Klemen (1999–2000). "Rear-Admiral Kenzaburo Hara". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942.  ^ Visser, Jan (1999–2000). "The Sunda Strait
Strait
Battle". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942.  ^ Forbes, Mark (October 5, 2007). "Bridge plan to link Java and Sumatra". The Age. Melbourne.  ^ Railway Gazette International June 2012 p25 ^ Satria Sambijantoro, 'No more Sunda Strait
Strait
Bridge plan', The Jakarta Post, 3 November 2014. See also 'New Government Will Not Prioritize Sunda Strait
Strait
Bridge Project', Global Indonesian Voices, 2 November 2014.

v t e

Indonesian seas

Ocean

Indian Ocean Pacific Ocean

Sea

Andaman Sea Arafura Sea Bali Sea Banda Sea Celebes Sea Ceram Sea Flores Sea Halmahera Sea Java Sea Molucca Sea Natuna Sea Philippine Sea Savu Sea South China Sea Timor Sea

Strait

Alas Strait Alor Strait Badung Strait Bali Strait Bangka Strait Berhala Strait Dampier Strait Gaspar Strait Karimata Strait Laut Strait Lombok Strait Madura Strait Makassar Strait Malacca Strait Mentawai Strait Ombai Strait Pitt Strait Riau Strait Rupat Strait Sape Strait Selayar Strait Singapore Strait Sumba Strait Sunda Strait Torres Strait Wetar Strait

Gulf

Balikpapan Bay Bintuni Bay Boni Gulf Cenderawasih Bay Jakarta Bay Lampung Gulf Pelabuhanratu Gulf Saleh Bay Semangka Gulf Tolo Bay Tomini Gulf

Coordinates: 5°55′S 105°53′E / 5.92°S 105.88°E / -

.