was the last ruler of the sarkar of
Hazara, Pakistan. One of his brothers, Sultan Qiassuddin, was
Wali-e-Tanawal, and the Wali-e-Upper Tanawal was Sultan Sahwaj. His
brother, Sultan Muqarrab, was Wali-e-Dhamtor.
Sultan Maqarrab revolted against Sultan Mehmud Khud, and was defeated
Sultanate. This incident weakened the Turks[how?].
had two important governments: one between
and the other of
was ruled by Sultan
Kamal. Both of the rulers were close relatives of Turkish rulers of
In 1713, Sultan
went to Delhi. One of the Sultan's daughters was
married to Syed Jalal Baba, who took advantage of Khurd's absence to
invite the Swatis to invade Pakhli. The conspiracy succeeded. Shamsher
Khan, a general loyal to Khurd, resisted at the Jhanjal fort of
Thakot. After a siege of several[weasel words] months, Baba's
forces defeated Shamsher Khan, who was killed in combat.
After the fall of Jhanjer, there was no resistance; due to the ages of
the Sultan's sons and the conspiracy of Baba, the Turks could not
offer resistance. Swatis entered Hazara, pushing the Turks into the
areas of Hazara and Kashmir. The Turks retained small jagirs and have
never been fully eliminated from the locations. They settled in Behali
of the Mansehra District, and in
of the Haripur District.
was the only state in
which retained its independence;
Mughals exempted the citizens from p