1 History of naval rank 2 Acting sub-lieutenant 3 Modern practice 4 Rank insignia: armies 5 Rank insignia: naval 6 British Army 7 See also 8 Footnotes 9 References 10 External links
History of naval rank
In the British Royal Navy, a passed midshipman awaiting promotion
often elected to become a master's mate, normally an experienced petty
officer who assisted the sailing master. Though formally the rating
did not lead to promotion to lieutenant, master's mates were paid more
than any other rating and were the only ratings allowed to command any
sort of vessel. A midshipman who became a master's mate got an
increase in pay from £1 13s 6d to £3 16s per month, but initially
reduced his chances at a commission. Over time, however, service
as a master's mate became a normal part of the path to a commission.
The situation caused some confusion during the last part of the 18th
century, when two parallel roles—master's mates trying to become
masters, and former midshipmen working toward a commission—held the
same title and responsibilities aboard ship.
By the first years of the 19th century, the prefix "master's" was
dropped for passed midshipmen, to distinguish them from master's mates
in the navigator's branch. In 1824 two further grades were also
introduced, consisting of master's assistants and second-class
volunteers. These corresponded to midshipmen and first-class
volunteers respectively in the executive line. From this point, passed
midshipmen had the rating master's mate, abbreviated as mate, and
prospective masters had the rating master's assistant. These changes
helped eliminate the confusion caused by the mingling of midshipmen in
the navigator's branch.
In 1838 a Royal Commission, presided over by the Duke of Wellington,
recommended the institution of the rank of mate as an official step
between midshipman and lieutenant. In 1861 mate was abolished in
favour of sub-lieutenant.
In 1955, the
Canadian Acting Sub-lieutenant's insignia
In many Commonwealth navies (e.g. Canada and Australia) however, the
rank of acting sub-lieutenants still exists as a commissioned rank
equivalent to second lieutenant, while the rank of sub-lieutenant is
equivalent to that of an army lieutenant. As the term "acting" is a
designation, both acting and substantive ranks should be orally
addressed as "sub-lieutenant;" the full designation including "acting"
should be used in written documents, however. Indeed, when someone is
addressed as "Acting sub-lieutenant", it can be seen as a way of
patronising an individual in a derogatory manner due to the emphasis
of their "acting" rank.
Royal New Zealand Navy
In France, a sub-lieutenant (sous-lieutenant) is the junior commissioned officer in the army or the air force. He wears a band in the colour of his corps (e.g. gold for infantry, silver for armoured cavalry, etc.). During the 18th century a rank of sous-lieutenant de vaisseau existed in the French Navy. It was the equivalent of the master's mate rank of the Royal Navy. It is now replaced by the rank of "first ensign" (enseigne de vaisseau de première classe). An Argentinian sub-lieutenant wears a single silver sun on each shoulder, Brazilian sub-lieutenants are the most senior non-commissioned rank (called Sub-Officer in the Navy and Air force), wearing a golden lozenge. In Mexico, the sub-lieutenant is the most junior officer in the rank scale, and wears a single gold bar. Thai sub-lieutenants and acting sub-lieutenants wear a single star on each shoulder. Rank insignia: naval
UK sub-lieutenant sleeve insignia
In the Royal Navy, the
Royal Australian Navy
v t e
NATO rank code Student Officer OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 * OF-7 ** OF-8 *** OF-9 **** OF-10 *****
Royal Canadian Navy NCdt A/SLt SLt Lt(N) LCdr Cdr Capt(N) Cmdre RAdm VAdm Adm Not used
Canadian Army OCdt 2Lt Lt Capt Maj LCol Col BGen MGen LGen Gen Not used
Royal Canadian Air Force OCdt 2Lt Lt Capt Maj LCol Col BGen MGen LGen Gen Not used
Comparative military ranks
Unterleutnant of the Volksmarine
^ "Officer ranks in the Royal Navy". Royal Naval Museum. Retrieved
^ a b c d Walker 1938, p. 188
^ Lewis 1960, p. 146,197
^ a b Lewis 1939, p. 212,230
^ "BR3, Ch102 – Maritime Reserves Personnel Management" (PDF). Royal
Navy Books of Reference. Royal Navy. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
^ "BR3, Ch 110 – The University Royal Naval Units and Cadet Forces"
Lavery, Brian (1989). Nelson's Navy: The Ships, Men and Organization. Annapolis, Md: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-258-3. Lewis, Michael (1939). England's Sea-Officers. London: George Allen & Unwin. OCLC 1084558. Walker, C.F. (1938). Young Gentlemen: The Story of Midshipmen from the XVIIth Century to the Present Day. London: Longmans, Green. OCLC 2936648.
Look up sub-lieutenant in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
v t e
NATO rank code Student officer OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 * OF-7 ** OF-8 *** OF-9 **** OF-10 *****
Royal Navy O Cdt Mid SLt Lt Lt Cdr Cdr Capt Cdre RAdm (list) VAdm (list) Adm (list) Adm of the Fleet
Royal Marines O Cdt 2Lt Lt Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Maj-Gen Lt-Gen Gen (list) Capt-Gen
Army O Cdt 2Lt Lt Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Maj-Gen (list) Lt-Gen (list) Gen (list) Fd Mshl
Royal Air Force Off Cdt / SO APO / Plt Off Fg Off Flt Lt Sqn Ldr Wg Cdr Gp Capt Air Cdre AVM Air Mshl Air Chf Mshl (lis