Strophic form, also called verse-repeating or chorus form, is the term applied to songs in which all verses or stanzas of the text are sung to the same music. The opposite of strophic form, with new music written for every stanza, is called through-composed.
Das Wandern, the opening song in Franz Schubert's song cycle Die schöne Müllerin, is a classic example of a strophic song.
The term is derived from the Greek word στροφή, strophē,
meaning "turn". It is the simplest and most durable of musical forms,
extending a piece of music by repetition of a single formal section.
This may be analyzed as "A A A...". This additive method is the
musical analogue of repeated stanzas in poetry or lyrics and, in fact,
where the text repeats the same rhyme scheme from one stanza to the
next, the song's structure also often uses either the same or very
similar material from one stanza to the next.
A modified strophic form varies the pattern in some stanzas (A A'
A"...) somewhat like a rudimentary theme and variations. Contrasting
verse-chorus form is a binary form that alternates between two
sections of music (ABAB), although this may also be interpreted as
constituting a larger strophic verse-refrain form. While the terms
'refrain' and 'chorus' are often used interchangeably, 'refrain' may
indicate a recurring line of identical melody and lyrics as a part of
the verse (as in Blowing In The Wind: "...the answer my friend..."),
while 'chorus' means an independent form section (as in Yellow
Submarine: "We all live in...").
Many folk and popular songs are strophic in form, including the twelve
bar blues, ballads, hymns and chants. Examples include "Barbara
Allen", "Erie Canal", and "Michael Row the Boat Ashore". Also "Oh!
Susanna" (A = verse & chorus).
Many classical art songs are also composed in strophic form, from the
17th century French air de cour to 19th century German lieder and
beyond. Haydn used the strophic variation form in many of his string
quartets and a few of his symphonies, employed almost always in the
slow second movement.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Strophic form
^ a b c Tilmouth, Michael (1980), "Strophic", in Sadie, Stanley, The
New Grove Dictionary of
Appen, Ralf von / Frei-Hauenschild, Markus "AABA, Refrain, Chorus,
Bridge, Prechorus — Song Forms and their Historical Development".
In: Samples. Online Publikationen der Gesellschaft für
Popularmusikforschung/German Society for Popular
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Arch form Argument Ausmultiplikation Bar form Binary form Call and response Cell Coda Conclusion Cycle Cyclic form Developing variation Drop Exposition Finale Formula composition Hook Introduction Lick Motif Movement Overture Period Recapitulation Repetition Reprise Rondo Rondò Section Sonata form Sonata rondo form Song structure (popular music) Strophic form Ternary form Theme Thirty-two-bar form Through-composed Transition Variation Verse–chorus form
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