Steve Crocker
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Stephen D. Crocker (born October 15, 1944) is the inventor of the
Request for Comments A Request for Comments (RFC) is a publication in a series, from the principal technical development and standards-setting bodies for the Internet The Internet (Capitalization of Internet, or internet) is the global system of interconn ...
series, authoring the first RFC and many more. He attended
Van Nuys High School Van Nuys High School (VNHS) is a public high school in the Van Nuys, Los Angeles, Van Nuys district of Los Angeles, belonging to the Los Angeles Unified School District: District 2. The school is home to a Residential Program and three Magnet schoo ...
, as did
Vint Cerf Vinton Gray Cerf (; born June 23, 1943) is an American Internet pioneer and is recognized as one of "List of Internet pioneers, the fathers of the Internet", sharing this title with TCP/IP co-developer Bob Kahn. He has received honorary degrees ...

Vint Cerf
and
Jon Postel Jonathan Bruce Postel (; August 6, 1943 – October 16, 1998) was an American computer scientist A computer scientist is a person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason, mora ...

Jon Postel
. Crocker received his
bachelor's degree A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin Medieval Latin was the form of Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area ...
(1968) and
PhD A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, Ph.D., or DPhil; Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as La ...
(1977) from the
University of California, Los Angeles The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public university, public Land-grant university, land-grant research university in Los Angeles, California. UCLA’s academic roots were established in 1882 as a teachers college then known ...
. Crocker was appointed as chair of the board of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers,
ICANN The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN ) is an American multistakeholder group and nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or no ...

ICANN
in 2011. Steve Crocker has worked in the Internet community since its inception. As a UCLA graduate student in the 1960s, he was part of the team that developed the protocols for the
ARPANET The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was the first wide-area packet-switching In telecommunications, packet switching is a method of grouping data that is transmitted over a digital network into '' packets''. Packets are ...
which were the foundation for today's
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Internet
. For this work, Crocker was awarded the 2002
IEEE Internet Award IEEE Internet Award is a Technical Field Award established by the IEEE The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association A professional association (also called a professional body, professional o ...
. While at UCLA Crocker taught an extension course on computer programming (for the
IBM 7094 The IBM 7090 is a second-generation transistorized version of the earlier IBM 709 vacuum tube mainframe computer A mainframe computer, informally called a mainframe or big iron, is a computer A computer is a machine that can be program ...
mainframe computer A pair of IBM mainframes. On the left is the IBM z Systems z13. On the right is the IBM LinuxONE Rockhopper.">IBM_LinuxONE.html" ;"title="IBM z Systems z13. On the right is the IBM LinuxONE">IBM z Systems z13. On the right is the IBM LinuxONE R ...
). The class was intended to teach digital processing and assembly language programming to high school teachers, so that they could offer such courses in their high schools. A number of high school students were also admitted to the course, to ensure that they would be able to understand this new discipline. Crocker was also active in the newly formed UCLA Computer Club. Crocker has been a program manager at
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is a research and development Research is " creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge". It involves the collection, organization, and analysis of in ...
(DARPA), a senior researcher at
USC USC most often refers to: * University of South Carolina, a public research university ** University of South Carolina System, the main university and its satellite campuses ** South Carolina Gamecocks, the school athletic program * University of ...

USC
's
Information Sciences Institute The USC Information Sciences Institute (ISI) is a component of the University of Southern California (USC) Viterbi School of Engineering, and specializes in research and development in information processing, computing, and communications techn ...
, founder and director of the Computer Science Laboratory at
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and a vice president at
Trusted Information Systems Trusted Information Systems (TIS) was a computer security research and development company during the 1980s and 1990s, performing computer and communications (information) security research for organizations such as NSA, DARPA, Army Research Lab, A ...
. In 1994, Crocker was one of the founders and chief technology officer of CyberCash, Inc. In 1998, he founded and ran Executive DSL, a DSL-based ISP. In 1999 he cofounded and was CEO of Longitude Systems. He is currently CEO of Shinkuro, a research and development company. Steve Crocker was instrumental in creating the ARPA "Network Working Group", which later was the context in which the
IETF The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is an open standards organization, which develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the technical standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP). It has no formal ...
was created. He has also been an
IETF The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is an open standards organization, which develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the technical standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP). It has no formal ...
security area director, a member of the
Internet Architecture Board The Internet Architecture Board (IAB) is "a committee of the Internet Engineering Task Force The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is an open standards organization A standards organization, standards body, standards developing organi ...
, chair of the
ICANN The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN ) is an American multistakeholder group and nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or no ...

ICANN
Security and Stability Advisory Committee, board member and chairman of ICANN, a board member of the
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and numerous other Internet-related volunteer positions. In 2012, Crocker was inducted into the
Internet Hall of Fame The Internet Hall of Fame is an honorary lifetime achievement award administered by the Internet Society The Internet Society (ISOC) is an American nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity ...
by the
Internet Society The Internet Society (ISOC) is an American nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a col ...
.2012 Inductees
Internet Hall of Fame The Internet Hall of Fame is an honorary lifetime achievement award administered by the Internet Society The Internet Society (ISOC) is an American nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity ...
website. Last accessed April 24, 2012


See also

*
List of Internet pioneers Instead of a single "inventor", the Internet The Internet (Capitalization of Internet, or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks ...


References


External links

* RFC 1, Host Software, S. Crocker, April 1969. * RFC 1776, The Address is the Message, S. Crocker, April 1, 1995.
Shinkuro.com executive team info

Oral history interview with Stephen Crocker
Charles Babbage Institute The Charles Babbage Institute is a research center at the University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (the U of M or Minnesota) is a public university, public Land-grant university, land-grant research university in the Minn ...
, University of Minnesota. Crocker discusses computer networks, artificial intelligence research, and his work at the
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is a research and development Research is " creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge". It involves the collection, organization, and analysis of in ...
(DARPA); interactions with other DARPA personnel including
Cordell Green Cordell Green is an American computer scientist who is the director of the Kestrel Institute. Green received a B.A. and B.S. from Rice University in 1963 and 1964, respectively. He then attended Stanford University, where he earned an M.S. in 196 ...
, Barry Wessler, Lawrence Roberts (scientist), Larry Roberts, Bob Kahn, and David Russell. He discusses his work as a program manager in the Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO). {{DEFAULTSORT:Crocker, Steve Computer systems researchers Living people 1944 births University of California, Los Angeles alumni Request for Comments Internet pioneers Van Nuys High School alumni