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The Info List - Stephen Sondheim





Stephen Joshua Sondheim (/ˈsɒnd.haɪm/; born March 22, 1930) is an American composer and lyricist known for more than a half-century of contributions to musical theater. Sondheim has received an Academy Award, eight Tony Awards (more than any other composer,[1] including a Special
Special
Tony Award
Tony Award
for Lifetime Achievement in the Theatre), eight Grammy Awards, a Pulitzer Prize, a Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
Award, and a 2015 Presidential Medal of Freedom. He has been described by Frank Rich
Frank Rich
of The New York Times
The New York Times
as "now the greatest and perhaps best-known artist in the American musical theater."[2] His best-known works as composer and lyricist include A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, Company, Follies, A Little Night Music, Pacific Overtures, Sweeney Todd, Merrily We Roll Along, Sunday in the Park with George, Into the Woods, Assassins, and Passion. He also wrote the lyrics for West Side Story and Gypsy. Sondheim has written film music, contributing "Goodbye for Now" for Warren Beatty’s 1981 Reds. He wrote five songs for 1990's Dick Tracy, including "Sooner or Later (I Always Get My Man)" by Madonna, which won the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Song. Sondheim was president of the Dramatists Guild
Dramatists Guild
from 1973 to 1981. To celebrate his 80th birthday, the former Henry Miller's Theatre was renamed the Stephen Sondheim Theatre
Stephen Sondheim Theatre
on September 15, 2010, and the BBC Proms held a concert in his honor. Cameron Mackintosh
Cameron Mackintosh
has called Sondheim "possibly the greatest lyricist ever."[3]

Contents

1 Early years 2 Career

2.1 Mentorship by Oscar Hammerstein II 2.2 College and early career 2.3 Early Broadway success

2.3.1 Hammerstein's death

3 As composer and lyricist

3.1 Broadway failures and other projects 3.2 Collaborations with Hal Prince (1970–1981) 3.3 Collaborations with James Lapine
James Lapine
(1984–1994) 3.4 Later work 3.5 Forthcoming projects 3.6 Conversations with Frank Rich
Frank Rich
and others 3.7 Work away from Broadway 3.8 Unfinished and canceled works 3.9 Books 3.10 Mentoring

4 Major works

4.1 Revues and anthologies

5 Minor works

5.1 Stage 5.2 Film and TV

6 Honors and awards

6.1 Sondheim at 80 6.2 Honors 6.3 Awards

6.3.1 Grammy Awards 6.3.2 Tony Awards 6.3.3 Drama Desk Awards 6.3.4 OBIE Awards 6.3.5 Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
Awards

6.4 Presidential Medal of Freedom

7 Legacy 8 Musical style 9 Personal life 10 References 11 Notes 12 Sources 13 Further reading 14 External links

Early years[edit] Sondheim was born into a Jewish family in New York City, the son of Etta Janet ("Foxy," née Fox; 1897–1992) and Herbert Sondheim (1895–1966).[4] His father manufactured dresses designed by his mother. The composer grew up on the Upper West Side
Upper West Side
of Manhattan
Manhattan
and, after his parents divorced, on a farm near Doylestown, Pennsylvania. As the only child of well-to-do parents living in the San Remo on Central Park West, he was described in Meryle Secrest's biography (Stephen Sondheim: A Life) as an isolated, emotionally-neglected child. When he lived in New York, Sondheim attended ECFS, the Ethical Culture Fieldston School known simply as "Fieldston.” He later attended the New York Military Academy
New York Military Academy
and George School, a private Quaker
Quaker
preparatory school in Bucks County, Pennsylvania
Bucks County, Pennsylvania
where he wrote his first musical, By George,[5] and from which he graduated in 1946. Sondheim spent several summers at Camp Androscoggin.[4] He later matriculated to Williams College
Williams College
and graduated in 1950. He traces his interest in theatre to Very Warm for May, a Broadway musical he saw when he was nine. "The curtain went up and revealed a piano," Sondheim recalled. "A butler took a duster and brushed it up, tinkling the keys. I thought that was thrilling."[6] When Sondheim was ten, his father (already a distant figure) left his mother for another woman (Alicia, with whom he had two sons). Herbert sought custody of Stephen but was unsuccessful. Sondheim explained to biographer Secrest that he was "what they call an institutionalized child, meaning one who has no contact with any kind of family. You're in, though it's luxurious, you're in an environment that supplies you with everything but human contact. No brothers and sisters, no parents, and yet plenty to eat, and friends to play with and a warm bed, you know?" Sondheim detested his mother,[7] who was said to be psychologically abusive[8] and projected her anger from her failed marriage on her son:[9] "When my father left her, she substituted me for him. And she used me the way she used him, to come on to and to berate, beat up on, you see. What she did for five years was treat me like dirt, but come on to me at the same time."[10] She once wrote him a letter saying that the "only regret [she] ever had was giving him birth."[11] When his mother died in the spring of 1992, Sondheim did not attend her funeral and had already been estranged from her for nearly 20 years at that point.[7][12] Career[edit] Mentorship by Oscar Hammerstein II[edit]

Hammerstein about 1940

When Sondheim was about ten years old (around the time of his parents' divorce), he became friends with James Hammerstein, son of lyricist and playwright Oscar Hammerstein II. The elder Hammerstein became Sondheim's surrogate father, influencing him profoundly and developing his love of musical theatre. Sondheim met Hal Prince, who would direct many of his shows, at the opening of South Pacific, Hammerstein's musical with Richard Rodgers. The comic musical he wrote at George School, By George, was a success among his peers and buoyed the young songwriter's self-esteem. When Sondheim asked Hammerstein to evaluate it as though he had no knowledge of its author, he said it was the worst thing he had ever seen: "But if you want to know why it's terrible, I'll tell you." They spent the rest of the day going over the musical, and Sondheim later said, "In that afternoon I learned more about songwriting and the musical theater than most people learn in a lifetime."[13] Hammerstein designed a course of sorts for Sondheim on constructing a musical. He had the young composer write four musicals, each with one of the following conditions:

Based on a play he admired (which became All That Glitters) Based on a play he liked but thought flawed; Sondheim chose Maxwell Anderson's High Tor Based on an existing novel or short story not previously dramatized, which became his unfinished version of Mary Poppins
Mary Poppins
(titled Bad Tuesday),[14] unrelated to the musical film and stage play scored by the Sherman Brothers) An original, which became Climb High

None of the "assignment" musicals was produced professionally. High Tor and Mary Poppins
Mary Poppins
have never been produced: The rights holder for the original High Tor refused permission, and Mary Poppins
Mary Poppins
was unfinished.[15] College and early career[edit] Sondheim began attending Williams College, a liberal arts college in Williamstown, Massachusetts
Williamstown, Massachusetts
whose theatre program attracted him.[16] His first teacher there was Robert Barrow:

 ... everybody hated him because he was very dry, and I thought he was wonderful because he was very dry. And Barrow made me realize that all my romantic views of art were nonsense. I had always thought an angel came down and sat on your shoulder and whispered in your ear 'dah-dah-dah-DUM.' Never occurred to me that art was something worked out. And suddenly it was skies opening up. As soon as you find out what a leading tone is, you think, Oh my God. What a diatonic scale is – Oh my God! The logic of it. And, of course, what that meant to me was: Well, I can do that. Because you just don't know. You think it's a talent, you think you're born with this thing. What I've found out and what I believed is that everybody is talented. It's just that some people get it developed and some don't.[17]

The composer told Meryle Secrest, "I just wanted to study composition, theory, and harmony without the attendant musicology that comes in graduate school. But I knew I wanted to write for the theatre, so I wanted someone who did not disdain theatre music."[18] Barrow suggested that Sondheim study with Milton Babbitt, who Sondheim described as "a frustrated show composer" with whom he formed "a perfect combination."[18] When he met Babbitt, he was working on a musical for Mary Martin
Mary Martin
based on the myth of Helen of Troy. Sondheim and Babbitt would meet once a week in New York City
New York City
for four hours (at the time, Babbitt was teaching at Princeton University). According to Sondheim, they spent the first hour dissecting Rodgers and Hart
Rodgers and Hart
or George Gershwin
George Gershwin
or studying Babbitt's favorites (Buddy DeSylva, Lew Brown and Ray Henderson). They then proceeded to other forms of music (such as Mozart's Jupiter Symphony), critiquing them the same way.[19] Babbitt and Sondheim, fascinated by mathematics, studied songs by a variety of composers (especially Jerome Kern). Sondheim told Secrest that Kern had the ability "to develop a single motif through tiny variations into a long and never boring line and his maximum development of the minimum of material". He said about Babbitt, "I am his maverick, his one student who went into the popular arts with all his serious artillery".[18] At Williams, Sondheim wrote a musical adaption of Beggar on Horseback (a 1924 play by George S. Kaufman
George S. Kaufman
and Marc Connelly, with permission from Kaufman) which had three performances.[20] A member of the Beta Theta Pi
Beta Theta Pi
fraternity, he graduated magna cum laude in 1950. "A few painful years of struggle" followed, when Sondheim auditioned songs, lived in his father's dining room to save money and spent time in Hollywood writing for the television series Topper.[6] He devoured 1940s and 1950s films, and has called cinema his "basic language";[7] his film knowledge got him through The $64,000 Question contestant tryouts. Sondheim dislikes movie musicals, favoring classic dramas such as Citizen Kane, The Grapes of Wrath and A Matter of Life and Death: "Studio directors like Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
and Raoul Walsh ... were heroes of mine. They went from movie to movie to movie, and every third movie was good and every fifth movie was great. There wasn't any cultural pressure to make art".[21] At age 22, Sondheim had finished the four shows requested by Hammerstein. Julius and Philip Epstein's Front Porch in Flatbush, unproduced at the time, was being shopped around by Lemuel (Lem) Ayers. Ayers approached Frank Loesser
Frank Loesser
and another composer, who turned him down. Ayers and Sondheim met as ushers at a wedding, and Ayers commissioned Sondheim for three songs for the show; Julius Epstein flew in from California and hired Sondheim, who worked with him in California for four or five months. After eight auditions for backers, half the money needed was raised. The show, retitled Saturday Night, was intended to open during the 1954–55 Broadway season; however, Ayers died of leukemia in his early forties. The rights transferred to his widow, Shirley, and due to her inexperience the show did not continue as planned;[22] it opened off-Broadway in 2000. Sondheim later said, "I don't have any emotional reaction to Saturday Night at all – except fondness. It's not bad stuff for a 23-year-old. There are some things that embarrass me so much in the lyrics – the missed accents, the obvious jokes. But I decided, leave it. It's my baby pictures. You don't touch up a baby picture – you're a baby!"[7] Early Broadway success[edit] Burt Shevelove invited Sondheim to a party; Sondheim arrived before him, and knew no one else well. He saw a familiar face: Arthur Laurents, who had seen one of the auditions of Saturday Night, and they began talking. Laurents told him he was working on a musical version of Romeo and Juliet
Romeo and Juliet
with Leonard Bernstein, but they needed a lyricist; Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green, who were supposed to write the lyrics, were under contract in Hollywood. He said that although he was not a big fan of Sondheim's music, he enjoyed the lyrics from Saturday Night and he could audition for Bernstein. Sondheim met Bernstein the following day, played for him and Bernstein said he would let him know. The composer wanted to write music and lyrics; after consulting with Hammerstein, Bernstein told Sondheim he could write music later.[22] In 1957, West Side Story
West Side Story
opened; directed by Jerome Robbins, it ran for 732 performances. Sondheim has expressed dissatisfaction with his lyrics, saying that they do not always fit the characters and are sometimes too consciously poetic. While Bernstein was working on Candide, Sondheim reportedly wrote some of West Side Story's music; Bernstein's co-lyricist credit disappeared from West Side Story
West Side Story
during its tryout, possibly as a trade-off.[23] Sondheim insisted that Bernstein told the producers to list him as the sole lyricist. He described the division of the royalties, saying that Bernstein received three percent and he received one percent. Bernstein suggested evening the percentage at two percent each, but Sondheim refused because he wanted the credit. Sondheim later said he wished "someone stuffed a handkerchief in my mouth because it would have been nice to get that extra percentage".[22] After West Side Story
West Side Story
opened, Shevelove lamented the lack of "low-brow comedy" on Broadway and mentioned a possible musical based on Plautus' Roman comedies. When Sondheim was interested in the idea he called a friend, Larry Gelbart, to co-write the script. The show went through a number of drafts, and was interrupted briefly by Sondheim's next project.[24] In 1959, Sondheim was approached by Laurents and Robbins for a musical version of Gypsy Rose Lee's memoir after Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
and Cole Porter turned it down. Sondheim agreed, but Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
– cast as Mama Rose – had just finished Happy Hunting
Happy Hunting
with an unknown composer (Harold Karr) and lyricist (Matt Dubey). Although Sondheim wanted to write the music and lyrics, Merman refused to let another first-time composer write for her and demanded that Jule Styne write the music.[25] Sondheim, concerned that writing lyrics again would pigeonhole him as a lyricist, called his mentor for advice. Hammerstein told him he should take the job, because writing a vehicle for a star would be a good learning experience. Sondheim agreed; Gypsy opened on May 21, 1959, and ran for 702 performances.[22] Hammerstein's death[edit] In 1960, Sondheim lost his mentor and father figure, Oscar Hammerstein.[26] He remembered that shortly before Hammerstein's death, Hammerstein had given him a portrait of himself. Sondheim asked him to inscribe it, and said later about the request that it was "weird ... it's like asking your father to inscribe something". Reading the inscription ("For Stevie, My Friend and Teacher") choked up the composer, who said: "That describes Oscar better than anything I could say."[27] When he walked away from the house that evening, Sondheim remembered a sad, sinking feeling that they had said their final goodbye. He never saw his mentor again; three days later, Hammerstein died of stomach cancer and Hammerstein's protégé eulogized him at his funeral. As composer and lyricist[edit] The first musical for which Sondheim wrote the music and lyrics was A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, which opened in 1962 and ran for 964 performances. The book, based on farces by Plautus, was written by Burt Shevelove and Larry Gelbart. Sondheim's score was not well received; although the show won several Tony Awards (including best musical), he did not receive a nomination. Broadway failures and other projects[edit] Sondheim had participated in three straight hits, but his next show – 1964's Anyone Can Whistle
Anyone Can Whistle
– was a nine-performance failure (although it introduced Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
to musical theatre). Do I Hear a Waltz?, based on Arthur Laurents' 1952 play The Time of the Cuckoo, was intended as another Rodgers and Hammerstein
Rodgers and Hammerstein
musical with Mary Martin in the lead. A new lyricist was needed,[28] and Laurents and Rodgers' daughter, Mary, asked Sondheim to fill in. Although Richard Rodgers and Sondheim agreed that the original play did not lend itself to musicalization, they began writing the musical version.[29] The project had many problems, Rodgers' alcoholism among them; Sondheim, calling it the one project he regretted, then decided to work only when he could write both music and lyrics.[7] He asked author and playwright James Goldman to join him as bookwriter for a new musical. Inspired by a New York Times article about a gathering of former Ziegfeld Follies
Follies
showgirls, it was entitled The Girl Upstairs (and would later become Follies).[30] In 1966, Sondheim semi-anonymously provided lyrics for "The Boy From...," a parody of "The Girl from Ipanema" in the off-Broadway revue The Mad Show. The song was credited to "Esteban Ria Nido",[31] Spanish for "Stephen River Nest", and in the show's playbill the lyrics were credited to "Nom De Plume". That year Goldman and Sondheim hit a creative wall on The Girls Upstairs, and Goldman asked Sondheim about writing a TV musical. The result was Evening Primrose, with Anthony Perkins
Anthony Perkins
and Charmian Carr. Written for the anthology series ABC Stage 67
ABC Stage 67
and produced by Hubbell Robinson, it was broadcast on November 16, 1966. According to Sondheim and director Paul Bogart, the musical was written only because Goldman needed money for rent. The network disliked the title and Sondheim's alternative, A Little Night Music.[32] After Sondheim finished Evening Primrose, Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
asked him to adapt Bertolt Brecht's The Measures Taken despite the composer's general dislike of Brecht's work. Robbins wanted to adapt another Brecht
Brecht
play, The Exception and the Rule, and asked John Guare
John Guare
to adapt the book. Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
had not written for the stage in some time, and his contract as conductor of the New York Philharmonic
New York Philharmonic
was ending. Sondheim was invited to Robbins' house in the hope that Guare would convince him to write the lyrics for a musical version of The Exception and the Rule; according to Robbins, Bernstein would not work without Sondheim. When Sondheim agreed, Guare asked: "Why haven't you all worked together since West Side Story?" Sondheim answered, "You'll see". Guare said that working with Sondheim was like being with an old college roommate, and he depended on him to "decode and decipher their crazy way of working"; Bernstein worked only after midnight, and Robbins only in the early morning. Bernstein's score, which was supposed to be light, was influenced by his need to make a musical statement.[33] Stuart Ostrow, who worked with Sondheim on The Girls Upstairs, agreed to produce the musical (now entitled A Pray By Blecht and, later, The Race to Urga). An opening night was scheduled, but during auditions Robbins asked to be excused for a moment. When he did not return, a doorman said he had gotten into a limousine to go to John F. Kennedy International Airport. Bernstein burst into tears and said, "It's over"; Sondheim said, "I was ashamed of the whole project. It was arch and didactic in the worst way."[34] He wrote one-and-a-half songs and threw them away, the only time he has ever done that. Eighteen years later, Sondheim refused Bernstein and Robbins' request to retry the show.[33]

Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
House, Turtle Bay, New York City, New York

He has lived in a Turtle Bay, Manhattan
Manhattan
brownstone since writing Gypsy in 1959. Ten years later, while he was playing music he heard a knock on the door. His neighbor, Katharine Hepburn, was in "bare feet – this angry, red-faced lady" and told him "You have been keeping me awake all night!" (she was practicing for her musical debut in Coco). When Sondheim asked why she had not asked him to play for her, she said she lost his phone number. According to Sondheim, "My guess is that she wanted to stand there in her bare feet, suffering for her art".[35] Collaborations with Hal Prince (1970–1981)[edit] After finishing Do I Hear a Waltz, Sondheim devoted himself to composing and writing lyrics for a variety of musicals. He collaborated with producer-director Hal Prince on six musicals from 1970 to 1981, beginning with the 1970 concept musical Company. Without a straightforward plot, Company (with a book by George Furth) centered on a set of characters and themes. It opened on April 26, 1970 at the Alvin Theatre, where it ran for 705 performances after seven previews, and won Tony Awards for best musical, best music and best lyrics. It was revived on Broadway in 1995 and 2006. Follies
Follies
(1971), with a book by James Goldman, opened on April 4, 1971 at the Winter Garden Theatre
Winter Garden Theatre
and ran for 522 performances after 12 previews. The plot centers on a reunion, in a crumbling Broadway theatre scheduled for demolition, of performers in Weismann's Follies (a musical revue, based on the Ziegfeld Follies, which played in that theatre between the world wars). Follies
Follies
focuses on two couples: Buddy and Sally Durant Plummer, and Benjamin and Phyllis Rogers Stone. The show enjoyed two revivals on Broadway in 2001 and 2011. A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
(1973), with a more traditional plot based on Ingmar Bergman's Smiles of a Summer Night
Smiles of a Summer Night
and a score primarily in waltz time, was one of the composer's greatest successes. Time magazine called it "Sondheim's most brilliant accomplishment to date."[36] "Send in the Clowns", a song from the musical, was a hit for Judy Collins. A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
opened on Broadway at the Shubert Theatre on February 25, 1973 and closed on August 3, 1974, after 601 performances and 12 previews. It moved to the Majestic Theatre on September 17, 1973, where it finished its run. The show received a Broadway revival in 2009. By Bernstein premiered at the off-Broadway Westside Theatre
Westside Theatre
on November 23, 1975 and closed on December 7, running for 40 previews and 17 performances. Its lyrics and music were by Leonard Bernstein, with additional lyrics by others (including Sondheim). Conceived and written by Betty Comden, Adolph Green
Adolph Green
and Norman L. Berman and directed by Michael Bawtree, By Bernstein featured Jack Bittner, Margery Cohen, Jim Corti, Ed Dixon, Patricia Elliott, Kurt Peterson and Janie Sell. The two Sondheim contributions were "In There" (from the adaptation of The Exception and the Rule) and a song cut from West Side Story, "Kids Ain't (Like Everybody Else)".[37] Pacific Overtures
Pacific Overtures
(1976), with a book by John Weidman, was the most non-traditional of the Sondheim-Prince collaborations. The show explored the westernization of Japan and was originally presented in Kabuki
Kabuki
style, and was revived on Broadway in 2004. Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (1979), Sondheim's most operatic score and libretto (which, with Pacific Overtures
Pacific Overtures
and A Little Night Music, has been produced in opera houses), explores an unlikely topic: murderous revenge and cannibalism. The book, by Hugh Wheeler, is based on Christopher Bond's 1973 stage version of the Victorian original.[38][39][40][41][42] The show has since been revived on Broadway twice (1989, 2005), and has been performed in musical theaters and opera houses alike. Merrily We Roll Along (1981), with a book by George Furth, is one of Sondheim's more traditional scores; Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
and Carly Simon
Carly Simon
have recorded songs from the musical. According to Sondheim's music director, Paul Gemignani, "Part of Steve's ability is this extraordinary versatility." Although Merrily closed after 16 performances, its score has been subsequently recorded. Martin Gottfried wrote, "Sondheim had set out to write traditional songs ... But [despite] that there is nothing ordinary about the music."[43] Sondheim and Furth have revised the show since its original production, and Sondheim later said: "Did I feel betrayed? I'm not sure I would put it like that. What did surprise me was the feeling around the Broadway community – if you can call it that, though I guess I will for lack of a better word – that they wanted Hal and me to fail."[35] Collaborations with James Lapine
James Lapine
(1984–1994)[edit] Merrily's failure greatly affected Sondheim; he was ready to quit theatre and do movies, create video games or write mysteries: "I wanted to find something to satisfy myself that does not involve Broadway and dealing with all those people who hate me and hate Hal."[44] Sondheim and Prince's collaboration was suspended from Merrily to the 2003 production of Bounce, another failure. However, Sondheim decided "that there are better places to start a show" and found a new collaborator in James Lapine
James Lapine
after he saw Lapine's Twelve Dreams off-Broadway in 1981: "I was discouraged, and I don't know what would have happened if I hadn't discovered Twelve Dreams at the Public Theatre";[35] Lapine has a taste "for the avant-garde and for visually-oriented theatre in particular". Their first collaboration was Sunday in the Park with George
Sunday in the Park with George
(1984), with Sondheim's music evoking Georges Seurat's pointillism. Sondheim and Lapine won the 1985 Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
for Drama for the play, and it was revived on Broadway in 2008, and again in a limited run in 2017. They collaborated on Into the Woods
Into the Woods
(1987), a musical based on several Brothers Grimm
Brothers Grimm
fairy tales. Although Sondheim has been called the first composer to bring rap music to Broadway (with the Witch in the opening number of "Into the Woods"), he attributes the first rap in theatre to Meredith Willson's "Rock Island" from The Music Man.[19] The show was revived on Broadway in 2002. Sondheim and Lapine's last work together was the rhapsodic Passion (1994), adapted from Ettore Scola's Italian film Passione D'Amore. With a run of 280 performances, Passion was the shortest-running show to win a Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Musical.[45] Later work[edit] Assassins opened off-Broadway at Playwrights Horizons
Playwrights Horizons
on December 18, 1990, with music and lyrics by Sondheim and its book by John Weidman. The musical closed on February 16, 1991, after 73 performances. Its idea derived from Sondheim's days as a panelist at producer Stuart Ostrow's Musical Theater Lab, when he read a script by playwright Charles Gilbert. He asked Gilbert for permission to use his idea; although Gilbert offered to write the book, Sondheim had Weidman in mind.[46] The show finally opened on Broadway in 2004. Saturday Night was shelved until its 1997 production at London's Bridewell Theatre. The following year, its score was recorded; a revised version, with two new songs, ran off-Broadway at Second Stage Theatre in 2000 and at London's Jermyn Street Theatre
Jermyn Street Theatre
in 2009.[47] During the late 1990s, Sondheim and Weidman reunited with Hal Prince for Wise Guys, a musical comedy following brothers Addison and Wilson Mizner. A Broadway production, starring Nathan Lane
Nathan Lane
and Victor Garber, directed by Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
and planned for the spring of 2000,[48] was delayed. Renamed Bounce in 2003, it was produced at the Goodman Theatre in Chicago and the Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
in Washington, D.C. Although after poor reviews Bounce never reached Broadway, a revised version opened off-Broadway as Road Show at the Public Theater on October 28, 2008. Directed by John Doyle, it closed on December 28, 2008. Asked about writing new work, Sondheim replied in 2006: "No ... It's age. It's a diminution of energy and the worry that there are no new ideas. It's also an increasing lack of confidence. I'm not the only one. I've checked with other people. People expect more of you and you're aware of it and you shouldn't be."[49] In December 2007 he said that in addition to continuing work on Bounce, he was "nibbling at a couple of things with John Weidman and James Lapine."[50] Lapine created a multimedia production, originally entitled Sondheim: a Musical Revue, which was scheduled to open in April 2009 at the Alliance Theatre in Atlanta; however, it was canceled due to "difficulties encountered by the commercial producers attached to the project ... in raising the necessary funds".[51][52] A revised version, Sondheim on Sondheim, was produced at Studio 54
Studio 54
by the Roundabout Theatre Company; previews began on March 19, 2010, and it ran from April 22 to June 13. The revue's cast included Barbara Cook, Vanessa L. Williams, Tom Wopat, Norm Lewis
Norm Lewis
and Leslie Kritzer.[53] Sondheim collaborated with Wynton Marsalis
Wynton Marsalis
on A Bed and a Chair: A New York Love Affair, an Encores! concert on November 13–17, 2013 at New York City Center. Directed by John Doyle with choreography by Parker Esse, it consisted of "more than two dozen Sondheim compositions, each piece newly re-imagined by Marsalis".[54] The concert featured Bernadette Peters, Jeremy Jordan, Norm Lewis, Cyrille Aimee, four dancers and the Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra conducted by David Loud.[55] In Playbill, Steven Suskin described the concert as "neither a new musical, a revival, nor a standard songbook revue; it is, rather, a staged-and-sung chamber jazz rendition of a string of songs ... Half of the songs come from Company and Follies; most of the other Sondheim musicals are represented, including the lesser-known Passion and Road Show".[56] Sondheim wrote additional songs for the film adaptation of Into the Woods, including "Rainbows" (which he included in his second book).[57][58] Forthcoming projects[edit] In February 2012 it was announced that Sondheim would collaborate on a new musical with David Ives, and he had "about 20–30 minutes of the musical completed".[59][60][61][62][63] The show, tentatively called All Together Now, was assumed to follow the format of Merrily We Roll Along. Sondheim described the project as "two people and what goes into their relationship ... We'll write for a couple of months, then have a workshop. It seemed experimental and fresh 20 years ago. I have a feeling it may not be experimental and fresh any more".[64] On October 11, 2014, it was confirmed the Sondheim and Ives musical would be based on two Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
films (The Exterminating Angel and The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie) and would reportedly open (in previews) at the Public Theater in 2017.[65] In August 2016 a reading for the musical was held at the Public Theater, and it was reported that only the first act was finished, which cast doubt on the speculated 2017 start of previews.[66] There was a workshop in November 2016, with the participation of Matthew Morrison, Shuler Hensley, Heidi Blickenstaff, Sierra Boggess, Gabriel Ebert, Sara Stiles, Michael Cerveris
Michael Cerveris
and Jennifer Simard. [67] The working title was reported to be Buñuel by the New York Post and other outlets, but Sondheim later clarified that this was an error and that they still had no title.[68] As of January 2018, no dates regarding the musical had been announced. Conversations with Frank Rich
Frank Rich
and others[edit] The Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
held a Sondheim Celebration, running from May to August 2002, consisting of six of Sondheim's musicals: Sweeney Todd, Company, Sunday in the Park With George, Merrily We Roll Along, Passion and A Little Night Music.[69][70][71] On April 28, 2002, in connection with the Sondheim Celebration Sondheim and Frank Rich
Frank Rich
of the New York Times had a conversation.[69][72] They appeared in four interviews, entitled "A Little Night Conversation with Stephen Sondheim",[73][74] in California[75][76][77] and Portland, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
in March 2008[78] and at Oberlin College
Oberlin College
in September. The Cleveland Jewish News reported on their Oberlin appearance: "Sondheim said: 'Movies are photographs; the stage is larger than life.' What musicals does Sondheim admire the most? Porgy and Bess
Porgy and Bess
tops a list which includes Carousel, She Loves Me, and The Wiz, which he saw six times. Sondheim took a dim view of today's musicals. What works now, he said, are musicals that are easy to take; audiences don't want to be challenged".[79][80] Sondheim and Rich had additional conversations on January 18, 2009 at Avery Fisher Hall,[81] on February 2 at the Landmark Theatre in Richmond, Virginia,[82] on February 21 at the Kimmel Center in Philadelphia[83] and on April 20 at the University of Akron in Akron, Ohio.[84] The conversations were reprised at Tufts and Brown University
Brown University
in February 2010, at the University of Tulsa
University of Tulsa
in April[85] and at Lafayette College
Lafayette College
on March 8, 2011.[86] Sondheim had another "conversation with" Sean Patrick Flahaven (associate editor of The Sondheim Review) at the Kravis Center in West Palm Beach
West Palm Beach
on February 4, 2009, in which he discussed many of his songs and shows: "On the perennial struggles of Broadway: 'I don't see any solution for Broadway's problems except subsidized theatre, as in most civilized countries of the world.'"[87] On February 1, 2011, Sondheim joined former Salt Lake Tribune theatre critic Nancy Melich before an audience of 1,200 at Kingsbury Hall. Melich described the evening:

He was visibly taken by the university choir, who sang two songs during the evening, "Children Will Listen" and "Sunday", and then returned to reprise "Sunday". During that final moment, Sondheim and I were standing, facing the choir of students from the University of Utah's opera program, our backs to the audience, and I could see tears welling in his eyes as the voices rang out. Then, all of a sudden, he raised his arms and began conducting, urging the student singers to go full out, which they did, the crescendo building, their eyes locked with his, until the final "on an ordinary Sunday" was sung. It was thrilling, and a perfect conclusion to a remarkable evening – nothing ordinary about it.[88]

On March 13, 2008, A Salon With Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(which sold out in three minutes) was hosted by the Academy for New Musical Theatre in Hollywood.[89][90] Work away from Broadway[edit] An avid fan of games, in 1968 and 1969 Sondheim published a series of cryptic crossword puzzles in New York magazine. In 1987 Time called his love of puzzlemaking "legendary in theater circles," adding that the central character of Anthony Shaffer's play Sleuth was inspired by the composer. According to a rumor (denied by Shaffer in a March 10, 1996 New York Times interview), Sleuth had the working title Who's Afraid of Stephen Sondheim?[6] His love of puzzles and mysteries is evident in The Last of Sheila, an intricate whodunit written with longtime friend Anthony Perkins. The 1973 film, directed by Herbert Ross, featured Dyan Cannon, Raquel Welch, James Mason, James Coburn and Richard Benjamin. Sondheim tried playwriting one more time, collaborating with Company librettist George Furth on Getting Away with Murder in 1996, but the unsuccessful Broadway production closed after 29 previews and 17 performances. His compositions have included a number of film scores, including a set of songs written for Warren Beatty's 1990 film version of Dick Tracy. One of Sondheim's songs for the film, "Sooner or Later (I Always Get My Man)" by Madonna, won him an Academy Award. Unfinished and canceled works[edit] According to Sondheim, he was asked to translate Mahagonny-Songspiel: "But, I'm not a Brecht/Weill fan and that's really all there is to it. I'm an apostate: I like Weill's music when he came to America better than I do his stuff before ... I love The Threepenny Opera
The Threepenny Opera
but, outside of The Threepenny Opera, the music of his I like is the stuff he wrote in America – when he was not writing with Brecht, when he was writing for Broadway."[57] He turned down an offer to musicalize Nathanael West's A Cool Million with James Lapine
James Lapine
around 1982.[91][92] Sondheim worked with William Goldman
William Goldman
on Singing Out Loud, a musical film, in 1992, penning the song "Water Under the Bridge".[93][94] According to the composer, Goldman wrote one or two drafts of the script and Sondheim wrote six-and-a-half songs when director Rob Reiner lost interest in the project. "Dawn" and "Sand", from the film, were recorded for the albums Sondheim at the Movies and Unsung Sondheim.[57] Sondheim and Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
wrote The Race to Urga, scheduled for Lincoln Center in 1969, but when Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
left the project it was not produced.[95] In 1991 Sondheim worked with Terrence McNally
Terrence McNally
on a musical, All Together Now. McNally said, "Steve was interested in telling the story of a relationship from the present back to the moment when the couple first met. We worked together a while, but we were both involved with so many other projects that this one fell through". The story follows Arden Scott, a 30-something female sculptor, and Daniel Nevin (a slightly-younger, sexually attractive restaurateur). Its script, with concept notes by McNally and Sondheim, is archived in the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas at Austin.[96] In August 2003, Sondheim expressed interest in the idea of a creating a musical adaption of the 1993 comedy film Groundhog Day.[97] However, in a 2008 live chat, he said that "to make a musical of Groundhog Day would be to gild the lily. It cannot be improved."[98] The musical was later created and premiered in 2016 with music and lyrics by Tim Minchin and book by Danny Rubin
Danny Rubin
(screenwriter of the film) with Sondheim's blessing.[99] Books[edit] Sondheim's 2010 Finishing the Hat annotates his lyrics "from productions dating 1954–1981. In addition to published and unpublished lyrics from West Side Story, Follies
Follies
and Company, the tome finds Sondheim discussing his relationship with Oscar Hammerstein II and his collaborations with composers, actors and directors throughout his lengthy career".[100][101] The book, first of a two-part series, is named after a song from Sunday in the Park With George. Sondheim said, "It's going to be long. I'm not, by nature, a prose writer, but I'm literate, and I have a couple of people who are vetting it for me, whom I trust, who are excellent prose writers".[102][103] Finishing the Hat was published in October 2010. According to a New York Times review, "The lyrics under consideration here, written during a 27-year period, aren't presented as fixed and sacred paradigms, carefully removed from tissue paper for our reverent inspection. They're living, evolving, flawed organisms, still being shaped and poked and talked to by the man who created them".[104] The book was 11th on the New York Times' Hardcover Nonfiction list for November 5, 2010.[105] Its sequel, Look, I Made a Hat: Collected Lyrics (1981–2011) with Attendant Comments, Amplifications, Dogmas, Harangues, Digressions, Anecdotes and Miscellany, was published on November 22, 2011. The book, continuing from Sunday in the Park With George (where Finishing the Hat ended), includes sections on Sondheim's work in film and television.[106] Mentoring[edit] After he was mentored by Oscar Hammerstein II[13] Sondheim has returned the favor, saying that he loves "passing on what Oscar passed on to me".[27] In an interview with Sondheim for The Legacy Project, composer-lyricist Adam Guettel
Adam Guettel
(son of Mary Rodgers and grandson of Richard Rodgers) recalls how as a 14-year-old boy he showed Sondheim his work. Guettel was "crestfallen" since he had come in "sort of all puffed up thinking [he] would be rained with compliments and things", which was not the case since Sondheim had some "very direct things to say." Later, Sondheim wrote and apologized to Guettel for being "not very encouraging" when he was actually trying to be "constructive".[107] Sondheim also mentored a fledgling Jonathan Larson, attending Larson's workshop for his Superbia (a musical version of Nineteen Eighty-Four). In Larson's musical Tick, Tick... Boom!, the phone message is played in which Sondheim apologizes for leaving early, says he wants to meet him and is impressed with his work. After Larson's death, Sondheim called him one of the few composers "attempting to blend contemporary pop music with theater music, which doesn't work very well; he was on his way to finding a real synthesis. A good deal of pop music has interesting lyrics, but they are not theater lyrics". A musical-theatre composer "must have a sense of what is theatrical, of how you use music to tell a story, as opposed to writing a song. Jonathan understood that instinctively."[108] Around 2008, Sondheim approached Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
to work with him translating West Side Story
West Side Story
lyrics into Spanish for an upcoming Broadway revival.[109][110] Miranda then approached Sondheim with his new project Hamilton, then called The Hamilton Mixtape, which Sondheim gave notes on.[110][111] Sondheim was originally wary of the project saying he was "worried that an evening of rap might get monotonous." However, Sondheim believed Miranda's attention to, and respect for, good rhyming made it work.[111] Major works[edit] Unless otherwise noted, music and lyrics are by Stephen Sondheim.

Saturday Night (1954, produced 1997): Book by Julius and Philip Epstein West Side Story
West Side Story
(1957): Music by Leonard Bernstein, book by Arthur Laurents, directed by Jerome Robbins Gypsy (1959): Music by Jule Styne, book by Arthur Laurents, directed by Jerome Robbins A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum
(1962): Book by Burt Shevelove and Larry Gelbart, directed by George Abbott Anyone Can Whistle
Anyone Can Whistle
(1964): Book and direction by Arthur Laurents Do I Hear a Waltz?
Do I Hear a Waltz?
(1965): Music by Richard Rodgers, book by Arthur Laurents, directed by John Dexter Company (1970): Book by George Furth, directed by Hal Prince Follies
Follies
(1971): Book by James Goldman, directed by Hal Prince A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
(1973): Book by Hugh Wheeler, directed by Hal Prince The Frogs (1974): Book by Burt Shevelove (2004 version book by Nathan Lane)[112] Pacific Overtures
Pacific Overtures
(1976): Book by John Weidman, directed by Hal Prince Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
(1979): Book by Hugh Wheeler, directed by Hal Prince Merrily We Roll Along (1981): Book by George Furth, directed by Hal Prince Sunday in the Park with George
Sunday in the Park with George
(1984): Book and direction by James Lapine Into the Woods
Into the Woods
(1987): Book and direction by James Lapine Assassins (1990): Book by John Weidman, directed by Jerry Zaks Passion (1994): Book and direction by James Lapine Bounce (2003): Book by John Weidman, directed by Hal Prince; retitled Road Show Road Show (2008): Book by John Weidman, directed by John Doyle (formerly titled Bounce, Wise Guys, and Gold!)

Revues and anthologies[edit] Side By Side By Sondheim
Side By Side By Sondheim
(1976), Marry Me A Little (1980), Putting It Together (1993) and Sondheim on Sondheim
Sondheim on Sondheim
(2010): Anthologies or revues of Sondheim's work as composer and lyricist, with songs performed or cut from productions. Jerome Robbins' Broadway
Jerome Robbins' Broadway
features "You Gotta Have a Gimmick" from Gypsy, "Suite of Dances" from West Side Story
West Side Story
and "Comedy Tonight" from A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum. A new revue, Secret Sondheim ... a celebration of his lesser known work, conceived and directed by Tim McArthur, was produced at the Jermyn Street Theatre
Jermyn Street Theatre
in July 2010.[113] Sondheim's "Pretty Women" and "Everybody Ought to Have a Maid" are featured in The Madwoman of Central Park West.[114] Minor works[edit] Stage[edit]

I Know My Love (1951): Christmas carol A Mighty Man is He (1955): "Rag Me That Mendelssohn March" Girls of Summer (1956): Incidental music Take Five (1957): Revue Invitation to a March (1960): Incidental music The World of Jules Feiffer (1962): Incidental music The Mad Show (1966): "The Boy From...," a parody of "The Girl from Ipanema". (Credited as Esteban Rio Nido, a translation of Stephen Sondheim) Illya Darling
Illya Darling
(1967): "I Think She Needs Me" (lyrics; unused) Twigs (1971): "Hollywood and Vine" (music) The Enclave (1973): Incidental music Candide second version (1974): New lyrics By Bernstein (1975): Additional lyrics[115] Getting Away with Murder (1996): Written with George Furth[116] King Lear
King Lear
(2007): Incidental music for Public Theater production, with orchestrator Michael Starobin

Film and TV[edit]

Topper (circa 1953): Co-wrote eleven episodes West Side Story
West Side Story
(1961): Film adaptation of the musical Gypsy (1962): Film adaptation of the musical Evening Primrose (1966) A Funny Thing Happened On the Way to the Forum (1966): Film adaptation of the musical The Last of Sheila (1973): Sondheim and Anthony Perkins
Anthony Perkins
received a 1974 Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America for best motion-picture screenplay. June Moon: 1974 PBS
PBS
television version, in which Sondheim plays wisecracking pianist Maxie Schwartz "The Madam's Song," also known as "I Never Do Anything Twice", in The Seven-Per-Cent Solution (1976) Alain Resnais's film, Stavisky
Stavisky
(1974): Score A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
(1977): Film adaptation of the stage work, with a new song ("The Glamorous Life") and new lyrics for "Night Waltz" Music for Reds with Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981): Includes "Goodbye For Now" Five songs for Beatty's film, Dick Tracy (1990) Gypsy (1993): Television adaptation of the musical Two songs for the film, The Birdcage
The Birdcage
(1996): "It Takes All Kinds" (unused) and "Little Dream" Cameo as himself in the 2003 film Camp The Simpsons
The Simpsons
episode, "Yokel Chords" (2007): Guested as himself Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
(2007): Film adaptation of the musical Follies: Said to be in development, with a script by Aaron Sorkin, in 2007;[117] in a 2008 interview, Sondheim said: "There is a move afoot to do a Follies
Follies
movie with a well-known director and a well-known star, and I'm not going to tell you who they are."[118] Six by Sondheim (2013): HBO
HBO
documentary by James Lapine
James Lapine
with performances by Audra McDonald, Darren Criss, Jeremy Jordan, America Ferrera, Jarvis Cocker and Sondheim.[119][120] Into the Woods
Into the Woods
(2014): Film adaptation with Meryl Streep, Emily Blunt and James Corden, directed by Rob Marshall Best Worst Thing That Ever Could Have Happened (2016): Documentary from original Merrily We Roll Along cast member Lonny Price. It tells the bittersweet story of the 1981 Sondheim-Furth-Prince flop Merrily We Roll Along using both film footage taken during rehearsal for the original Broadway production, and new interviews with its cast and creators.

Honors and awards[edit] Sondheim at 80[edit] Several benefits and concerts were performed to celebrate Sondheim's 80th birthday in 2010. Among them were the New York Philharmonic's March 15 and 16 Sondheim: The Birthday Concert at Lincoln Center's Avery Fisher Hall, hosted by David Hyde Pierce. The concert included Sondheim's music, performed by some of the original performers. Lonny Price directed, and Paul Gemignani conducted; performers included Laura Benanti, Matt Cavenaugh, Michael Cerveris, Victoria Clark, Jenn Colella, Jason Danieley, Alexander Gemignani, Joanna Gleason, Nathan Gunn, George Hearn, Patti LuPone, Marin Mazzie, Audra McDonald, John McMartin, Donna Murphy, Karen Olivo, Laura Osnes, Mandy Patinkin, Bernadette Peters, Bobby Steggert, Elaine Stritch, Jim Walton, Chip Zien and the 2009 Broadway revival cast of West Side Story. A ballet was performed by Blaine Hoven and María Noel Riccetto to Sondheim's score for Reds, and Jonathan Tunick paid tribute to his longtime collaborator.[121][122] The concert was broadcast on PBS' Great Performances show in November,[123] and its DVD was released on November 16. Sondheim 80, a Roundabout Theatre Company benefit, was held on March 22. The evening included a performance of Sondheim on Sondheim, dinner and a show at the New York Sheraton. "A very personal star-studded musical tribute" featured new songs by contemporary musical-theatre writers. The composers (who sang their own songs) included Tom Kitt and Brian Yorkey, Michael John LaChiusa, Andrew Lippa, Robert Lopez and Kristen Anderson-Lopez, Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(accompanied by Rita Moreno), Duncan Sheik, and Jeanine Tesori and David Lindsay-Abaire. Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
performed a song which had been cut from a Sondheim show.[124][125] An April 26 New York City
New York City
Center birthday celebration and concert to benefit Young Playwrights, among others, featured (in order of appearance) Michael Cerveris, Alexander Gemignani, Donna Murphy, Debra Monk, Joanna Gleason, Maria Friedman, Mark Jacoby, Len Cariou, B. D. Wong, Claybourne Elder, Alexander Hanson, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Raúl Esparza, Sutton Foster, Nathan Lane, Michele Pawk, the original cast of Into the Woods, Kim Crosby, Chip Zien, Danielle Ferland and Ben Wright, Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
and Jim Walton. The concert, directed by John Doyle, was co-hosted by Mia Farrow; greetings from Sheila Hancock, Julia McKenzie, Milton Babbitt, Judi Dench
Judi Dench
and Glynis Johns
Glynis Johns
were read. After Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
performed "Send in the Clowns", Julie Andrews sang part of "Not a Day Goes By" in a recorded greeting. Although Patti LuPone, Barbara Cook, Bernadette Peters, Tom Aldredge and Victor Garber
Victor Garber
were originally scheduled to perform, they did not appear.[126][127] A July 31 BBC Proms concert celebrated Sondheim's 80th birthday at the Royal Albert Hall. The concert featured songs from many of his musicals, including "Send in the Clowns" sung by Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(reprising her role as Desirée in the 1995 production of A Little Night Music), and performances by Bryn Terfel
Bryn Terfel
and Maria Friedman.[128][129] On November 19 the New York Pops, led by Steven Reineke, performed at Carnegie Hall
Carnegie Hall
for the composer's 80th birthday. Kate Baldwin, Aaron Lazar, Christiane Noll, Paul Betz, Renee Rakelle, Marilyn Maye (singing "I'm Still Here"), and Alexander Gemignani appeared, and songs included "I Remember," "Another Hundred People," "Children Will Listen" and "Getting Married Today". Sondheim took the stage during an encore of his song, "Old Friends".[130][131] Honors[edit]

Hutchinson Prize for Music Composition (1950) Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters
American Academy of Arts and Letters
(1983) Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
Honors, Lifetime Achievement (1993) Algur H. Meadows Award from Southern Methodist University
Southern Methodist University
(1994)[132] Special
Special
Laurence Olivier Award (2011) "in recognition of his contribution to London theatre"[133][134] Critics' Circle Theatre Award (March 2012): According to drama section chair Mark Shenton, "what is effectively a lifetime achievement award"[135] Member of the American Theater Hall of Fame (2014)[136]

Awards[edit]

Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
in Drama for Sunday in the Park with George
Sunday in the Park with George
(1985) Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Song: "Sooner or Later (I Always Get My Man)" from Dick Tracy (1990)

Grammy Awards[edit]

Company (Best Score from an Original Cast Album, 1970) A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
(Best Score from an Original Cast Album, 1973) "Send in the Clowns" (Song of the Year, 1975) Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (Best Cast Show Album, 1979) Sunday in the Park With George (Best Cast Show Album, 1984) Into the Woods
Into the Woods
(Best Musical Cast Show Album, 1988) Passion (Best Musical Cast Show Album, 1994) West Side Story
West Side Story
(Best Musical Cast Show Album, 2010)

Tony Awards[edit]

A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum
(Best Musical, 1963) Company (Best Musical, Score, and Lyrics, 1971) Follies
Follies
(Best Score, 1972) A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
(Best Musical and Score, 1973) Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
(Best Musical and Score, 1979) Into The Woods (Best Score, 1988) Passion (Best Musical and Score, 1994) Special
Special
Tony Award
Tony Award
for Lifetime Achievement in the Theatre (2008)

Drama Desk Awards[edit]

Company (Best Musical, Outstanding Music, and Lyrics, 1969–70) Follies
Follies
(Outstanding Music and Lyrics, 1970–71) A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
(Outstanding Music and Lyrics, 1972–73) Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
(Outstanding Musical, Music, and Lyrics, 1978–79) Merrily We Roll Along (Outstanding Lyrics, 1981–82) Sunday in the Park with George
Sunday in the Park with George
(Outstanding Musical and Lyrics, 1983–84) Into the Woods
Into the Woods
(Outstanding Musical and Lyrics, 1987–88) Passion (Outstanding Musical, Music, and Lyrics, 1993–94)

OBIE Awards[edit]

Road Show (Music and Lyrics, 2009)

Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
Awards[edit]

Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
(Best New Musical, 1980) Follies
Follies
(Best New Musical, 1987) Candide (Best New Musical, 1988) Sunday in the Park with George
Sunday in the Park with George
(Best New Musical, 1991) Merrily We Roll Along (Best New Musical, 2001)

Presidential Medal of Freedom[edit] In November 2015, Sondheim was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama
President Barack Obama
in a ceremony at the White House.[a][138][139] Legacy[edit] Sondheim founded Young Playwrights Inc. in 1981 to introduce young people to writing for the theatre, and is the organization's executive vice-president.[140] The Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Center for the Performing Arts, at the Fairfield Arts and Convention Center in Fairfield, Iowa, opened in December 2007 with performances by Len Cariou, Liz Callaway, and Richard Kind
Richard Kind
(all of whom had participated in Sondheim musicals).[141][142] The Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Society was established in 1993 to provide information about his work, with its Sondheim - the Magazine provided to its membership. The society maintains a database, organizes productions, meetings, outings and other events and assists with publicity. Its annual Student Performer of the Year Competition awards a £1,000 prize to one of twelve musical-theatre students from UK drama schools and universities. At Sondheim's request, an additional prize is offered for a new song by a young composer. Judged by George Stiles and Anthony Drewe, each contestant performs a Sondheim song and a new song. Most episode titles of the television series Desperate Housewives refer to Sondheim's song titles or lyrics,[143][144][145][146] and the series finale is entitled "Finishing the Hat".[147] In 1990 Sondheim, as the Cameron Mackintosh
Cameron Mackintosh
chair in musical theatre at Oxford, conducted workshops with promising musical writers including George Stiles, Anthony Drewe, Andrew Peggie, Paul James and Stephen Keeling. The writers founded the Mercury Workshop in 1992, which merged with the New Musicals Alliance to become MMD (a UK-based organization to develop new musical theatre, of which Sondheim is a patron). Signature Theatre in Arlington, Virginia established its Sondheim Award, which includes a $5,000 donation to a nonprofit organization of the recipient's choice, "as a tribute to America's most influential contemporary musical theatre composer". The first award, to Sondheim, was presented at an April 27, 2009 benefit with performances by Bernadette Peters, Michael Cerveris, Will Gartshore and Eleasha Gamble.[148][149][150] The 2010 recipient was Angela Lansbury, with Peters and Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
hosting the April benefit.[151] The 2011 honoree was Bernadette Peters.[152] Other recipients were Patti LuPone in 2012,[153] Hal Prince in 2013, Jonathan Tunick in 2014,[154] and James Lapine
James Lapine
in 2015.[155] The 2016 awardee was John Weidman[156] and the 2017 awardee was Cameron Mackintosh.[157] Henry Miller's Theatre, on West 43rd Street in New York City, was renamed the Stephen Sondheim Theatre
Stephen Sondheim Theatre
on September 15, 2010 for the composer's 80th birthday. In attendance were Nathan Lane, Patti LuPone and John Weidman. Sondheim said in response to the honor, "I'm deeply embarrassed. Thrilled, but deeply embarrassed. I've always hated my last name. It just doesn't sing. I mean, it's not Belasco. And it's not Rodgers and it's not Simon. And it's not Wilson. It just doesn't sing. It sings better than Schoenfeld and Jacobs. But it just doesn't sing". Lane said, "We love our corporate sponsors and we love their money, but there's something sacred about naming a theatre, and there's something about this that is right and just".[158] According to The Daily Telegraph, Sondheim is "almost certainly" the only living composer with a quarterly journal published in his name;[159] The Sondheim Review, founded in 1994, chronicles and promotes his work.[160] Musical style[edit] According to Sondheim, when he asked Milton Babbitt
Milton Babbitt
if he could study atonality, Babbitt replied: "You haven't exhausted tonal resources for yourself yet, so I'm not going to teach you atonal".[161] Sondheim agreed, and despite frequent dissonance and a highly-chromatic style, his music is tonal. He is noted for complex polyphony in his vocals, such as the five minor characters who make up a Greek chorus
Greek chorus
in 1973's A Little Night Music. Sondheim uses angular harmonies and intricate melodies. His musical influences are varied; although he has said that he "loves Bach", his favorite musical period is from Brahms to Stravinsky.[162] Personal life[edit] Sondheim has been described as introverted and solitary. In an interview with Frank Rich, he said, "The outsider feeling—somebody who people want to both kiss and kill—occurred quite early in my life".[7] The composer is in a relationship with Jeff Romley, and lived with dramatist Peter Jones for eight years (until 1999).[163][164] References[edit]

^ "Tony Archives". Tony Awards. Archived from the original on June 9, 2003.  ^ Rich, Frank."Conversations With Sondheim" The New York Times, March 12, 2000, Magazine Section 6, p. 38 ^ Fanshawe, Simon. "An iconoclast on Broadway" The Guardian, December 12, 2000 ^ a b Secrest bookThe New York Times ^ Brown, Mick (2010-09-27). "Still cutting it at 80: Stephen Sondheim interview". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2018-02-09.  ^ a b c Henry, William A, III (December 7, 1987). "Master of the Musical; Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Applies a Relentless". Time. Retrieved March 19, 2007.  ^ a b c d e f Rich, Frank (March 12, 2000). "Conversations With Sondheim". The New York Times. Retrieved January 17, 2007.  ^ King, Robert A., The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child (1972), Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-11996-8, p. 310 ^ Secrest, p. 30 ^ Schiff, Stephen (2010). "Deconstructing Sondheim". The Sondheim Review. Sondheim Review, Inc. XVII (2): 17. ISSN 1076-450X.  ^ Kakutani, Michiko (March 20, 1994). "Sondheim's Passionate "Passion"". New York Times. Retrieved April 7, 2012.  ^ Secrest, p 272, "Sondheim was in London when his mother died and did not return for her funeral." ^ a b Zadan, Craig, Sondheim & Co., New York: Harper & Row, 1974 & 1986 p. 4 ISBN 0-06-015649-X ^ "Sondheim's Saturday Night at the Jermyn Street Theatre
Jermyn Street Theatre
– MusicalCriticism.com (Musical Theatre review)". MusicalCriticism.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ Secrest, pp. 78–79 ^ " Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
for Piano - Guides". musopen.org (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-02-09.  ^ Schiff, Stephen (2010). "Deconstructing Sondheim". The Sondheim Review. Sondheim Review, Inc. XVII (2): 16. ISSN 1076-450X.  ^ a b c "An early influence". The Sondheim Review. Sondheim Review, Inc. XVII (4): 6. 2011. ISSN 1076-450X.  ^ a b "A Conversation with Stephen Sondheim". YouTube. May 9, 2012. Retrieved December 9, 2017.  ^ Lipton, James. "The Art of the Musical Stephen Sondheim" The Paris Review, accessed September 4, 2013 ^ Mitchell, Elvis (August 28, 2003). "Sondheim, Film Aficionado; Choices for Telluride Festival Show Nonmusical Side". The New York Times. Retrieved March 28, 2008.  ^ a b c d " Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Interview". YouTube. 2011-09-21. Retrieved 2014-07-04.  ^ Suskin, Steven (1990). Opening Night on Broadway: A Critical Quotebook of the Golden Era of the Musical Theatre. New York: Schirmer Books. p. 697. ISBN 0-02-872625-1.  ^ Dembin, Russell M. "Forum at 50? It's possible! Sondheim 101: A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum Archived July 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. sondheimreview.com, 2012 ^ Zadan, p.38 ^ "Conversations With Sondheim". partners.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2018-02-09.  ^ a b " Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
with Adam Guettel". YouTube. 2010-12-07. Retrieved 2014-07-04.  ^ Laurents, Arthur, Original Story By (2000). New York: Alfred A. Knopf, ISBN 0-375-40055-9, p. 212 ^ Secrest, pp. 174–175 ^ Chapin, Ted, (2003). Everything Was Possible: The Birth of the Musical Follies, New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-375-41328-5 ^ The Mad Show: A Musical Revue Based on Mad Magazine, Samuel French Inc ^ ""I Remember": Original "Evening Primrose" Director Recalls Making of TV Musical". Playbill.com. 2010-10-22. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-04.  ^ a b Secrest, Meryle (2011). "Being Alive". Stephen Sondheim: A Life. Vintage Books. pp. 1188–. ISBN 978-0-307-94684-3.  ^ Abernathy, June."Sondheim's Lost Musical" sondheim.com, accessed February 5, 2012 ^ a b c Wolf, Matt. "Stephen Sondheim: An audience with a theatre legend" The Independent, April, 2013 ^ "A Precious Fancy". Time. March 19, 1973. Retrieved March 19, 2007.  ^ "Sondheim Guide / Other Stage Work". Sondheimguide.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ Berkvist, Robert. " Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Takes a Stab at Grand Guignol". New York Times, February 25, 1979 ^ "'Sweeney Todd'". Sondheim.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Wheeler, Hugh; Sondheim, Stephen. " Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
script, Introduction by Christopher Bond". Hal Leonard Corporation, 1991, ISBN 1-55783-066-5, p. 1 ^ ""'Sweeney Todd' listing" "Based on a Version of "Sweeney Todd" by Christopher Bond"". Sondheimguide.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Brown, Larry. "'Sweeney Todd' Notes". Larryavisbrown.homestead.com. Retrieved March 22, 2010 ^ Gottfried, Martin (photos By Martha Swope), Sondheim, New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1993, pgs. 146–147 ISBN 978-0-8109-3844-1 ISBN 0-8109-3844-8 ^ in Gottfried, Sondheim, p.153 ^ Simon, Lizzie (2013-02-26). "A Theater Group Breaks Into Song". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2013-08-09.  ^ Michael Cerveris
Michael Cerveris
(2008). "Story of Assassins". Amazing Journey. Retrieved August 9, 2008.  ^ "Sondheim's Saturday Night to Play London's Jermyn Street Theatre
Jermyn Street Theatre
in 2009". Playbill. Archived from the original on December 27, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ Bahr, David (October 12, 1999). "Everything's coming up Sondheim". The Advocate. Archived from the original on August 7, 2013. Retrieved March 19, 2007.  ^ [1] Archived December 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "2007 Interview: Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
for "Sweeney Todd"". Darkhorizons.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014. [permanent dead link] ^ Hetrick, Adam. " Liz Callaway Cast in World Premiere of iSondheim: a Musical Revue" Archived April 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill.com, February 4, 2009 ^ Gans, Andrew and Hetrick, Adam. "Atlanta's Alliance Theatre Cancels Sondheim Revue; Brel Will Play Instead" Archived May 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill.com, February 26, 2009 ^ Jones, Kenneth. "Sondheim on Sondheim, a New Musical Reflection of a Life in Art, Begins on Broadway" Archived March 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill.com, March 19, 2010 ^ " Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
and Wynton Marsalis' Collaboration for City Center Has New Title; Parker Esse Will Choreograph". Playbill.com. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Champion, Lindsay. "Meet the Jazzy Cast of Sondheim & Marsalis' 'A Bed and a Chair', Starring Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
& Jeremy Jordan" broadway.com, November 7, 2013 ^ Suskin, Steven. " Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
and Wynton Marsalis
Wynton Marsalis
Offer a Comfortable Bed and a Chair at City Center" Archived December 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, November 14, 2013 ^ a b c Cerasaro, Pat." Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Talks Past Present Future" broadwayworld.com, November 3, 2010 ^ Hetrick, Adam; Gioia, Michael (18 June 2014). "Sondheim Reveals Plot Changes for Disney Into the Woods
Into the Woods
Film". Playbill. Archived from the original on June 19, 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014. As previously reported, the film of Into the Woods
Into the Woods
will also feature the new song "Rainbows" and a new song written for Meryl Streep, who portrays The Witch.  ^ "Powerhouse Scribes Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
& David Ives
David Ives
at Work on New Musical". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Kepler, Adam W. and Healy, Patrick. "Rolling Along: Sondheim Discloses He's Working on a New Show" The New York Times (artsbeat.blogs), February 29, 2012 ^ Wappler, Margaret. " Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
has '20 or 30 minutes' written of a new musical" Los Angeles Times (blogs), February 2012 ^ "BWW Exclusive: Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Drops Hint About New Musical with David Ives!". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Jones, Kenneth. " Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Collaborating With David Ives
David Ives
on New Musical" Archived July 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Playbill.com, February 29, 2012 ^ " Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Reveals New Details on David Ives
David Ives
Collaboration". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ " Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
and David Ives
David Ives
at Work on New Musical Based on Films of Luis Buñuel". Playbill. Retrieved November 29, 2014.  ^ Riedel, Michael " Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
is halfway done with his new musical" New York Post, August 26, 2016] ^ Viagas, Robert. " Matthew Morrison
Matthew Morrison
Says Sondheim's New Buñuel Musical Is “Challenging” " Playbill, January 4, 2017 ^ Wong, Wayman. "BWW Exclusive: Sondheim Knocks Riedel's Reporting; Says His New Musical Was Never Called BUNUEL" BroadwayWorld.com, April 26, 2017 ^ a b "Sondheim Guide listing for Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
Celebration, 2002". Sondheimguide.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ Jones, Kenneth. 'It's a Hit! Kennedy Center's Sondheim Celebration Is Already Half-Sold", playbill.com, February 13, 2002. ^ "Sondheim Cast", kennedy-center.org, accessed May 17, 2015. ^ " Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
Sondheim Celebration". Kennedy-center.org. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ A. M. Homes. "''Vanity Fair'' article about the talks, March 2008". Vanity Fair. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ "''Santa Barbara Independent'', Interview with Sondheim about the talks, March 6, 2008". Independent.com. March 6, 2008. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ Student Affairs Information Systems, webmaster@sa.ucsb.edu. "UCSB listing". Artsandlectures.sa.ucsb.edu. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ "UCLA listing". Magazine.ucla.edu. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ "Rich schedule". Frankrich.com. Archived from the original on October 5, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ [2] Archived December 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ [3] Archived July 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Heller, Fran. "Sondheim scores a hit at Oberlin College". Cleveland Jewish News, October 10, 2008 ^ Gans, Andrew. "Sondheim and Rich Will Discuss A Life in the Theater in January 2009" Archived January 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill.com, November 11, 2008 ^ [4][dead link] ^ [5] Archived December 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
with Frank Rich
Frank Rich
listing". Ejthomashall.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014. [permanent dead link] ^ "Sondheim conversation set for TU". Tulsa World. April 18, 2010. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ "A Life in the Theater: Broadway Legend Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Visits Campus · About · Lafayette College". Lafayette.edu. March 9, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ Maupin, Elizabeth. "Sondheim talks. And talks. And talks." Archived August 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Orlandosentinel.com, February 5, 2009 ^ "More from Sondheim". The Sondheim Review. Sondheim Review, Inc. XVII (4): 6. 2011. ISSN 1076-450X.  ^ "Sondheim salon is a hot ticket - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. 2009-04-02. Retrieved 2014-07-04.  ^ "A Salon with Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
at ANMT". YouTube. 2008-06-20. Retrieved 2014-07-04.  ^ Bixby, Suzanne (2008). "Jumping In". The Sondheim Review. Sondheim Review, Inc. XVI (4): 28. ISSN 1076-450X.  ^ Isenberg, Barbara."Meet Mr. Plucky : To James Lapine, directing his new play 'Luck, Pluck & Virtue' means booting Horatio Alger smack dab into the '90s" LA Times, August 1, 1993 ^ Robert Gordon - 2014 The Oxford
Oxford
Handbook of Sondheim Studies - Page 294 019990927X "Omitted from this survey are the song “Water under the Bridge” composed for the film Singing out Loud, which was never produced." ^ "'Singing Out Loud' listing". Sondheimguide.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Long, Robert. "Broadway, The Golden Years: Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
And The Great Choreographer-Directors: 1940 To The Present" (2003). Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8264-1462-1, pp 133–134 ^ Frontain, Raymond-Jean (2011). "Mutual admiration". The Sondheim Review. Sondheim Review, Inc. XVII (3): 30–33. ISSN 1076-450X.  ^ "Sondheim Talks About Bounce; Revisions in Works". playbill.com. Playbill. 26 August 2003. Retrieved 16 May 2015.  ^ "Roundabout Live Chat". Roundabout Theatre. 5 May 2008. Archived from the original on May 10, 2008. Retrieved 19 May 2015.  ^ " Tim Minchin
Tim Minchin
· Groundhog Day: A new stage musical by us". Tim Minchin. Retrieved 2017-05-01.  ^ Hetrick, Adam." Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
and James Earl Jones Set for TimesTalks This Fall" Archived October 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, August 16, 2010 ^ "Table of Contents". Randomhouse.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Haun, Harry."Exclusive! Sondheim Explains Evolution from Bounce to Road Show" Archived December 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill.com, August 12, 2008 ^ Gardner, Elysa. "Sondheim sounds off about writing songs". USA Today, October 9, 2008 ^ Brantley, Ben. "Sondheim's Rhymes and Reasons". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 September 2014.  ^ "Hardcover Nonfiction list". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 September 2014.  ^ Jones, Kenneth."Stephen Sondheim's "Look, I Made a Hat," Part Two of His Career in Lyrics, in Stores Nov. 22" Archived August 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, November 22, 2011 ^ Stephen Sondheim, Adam Guettel
Adam Guettel
(2011). The Legacy Project: Stephen Sondheim (In Conversation with Adam Guettel) - Educational Version with Public Performance Rights (DVD). Transient Pictures.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Anthony Tommasini (1996-02-11). "THEATER;A Composer's Death Echoes in His Musical - New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2014-07-04.  ^ McCarter, Jeremy (August 24, 2008). "This Could Drive a Person Crazy". New York Magazine. Retrieved April 17, 2016.  ^ a b Rebecca Mead (February 9, 2015). "All About The Hamiltons". The New Yorker. Retrieved June 15, 2016.  ^ a b Rosen, Jody (July 8, 2015). "The American Revolutionary". The New York Times Style Magazine. Retrieved June 15, 2016.  ^ "'The Frogs', 1974 Yale University Production". Sondheimguide.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Gans, Andrew."London's Jermyn Street Theatre
Jermyn Street Theatre
to Offer Secret Sondheim with Cutko, Armstrong and McArthur" Archived July 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, May 27, 2010 ^ "'The Madwoman Of Central Park West' cast album list". Castalbumcollector.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ "'By Bernstein'". Sondheimguide.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ "'Getting Away With Murder' Listing". Sondheimguide.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Gans, Andrew (20 December 2007). "Is Follies
Follies
Bound for the Silver Screen?". Playbill. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014.  ^ "Sondheim Reveals 'Follies' Is Headed To Film". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Champion, Lindsay. " HBO
HBO
to Air Six By Sondheim Documentary, Featuring Jeremy Jordan, Audra McDonald, Darren Criss & More" broadway.com, July 26, 2013 ^ McNulty, Charles. Review: HBO's 'Six by Sondheim' is a stylish salute to a Broadway legend" LA Times, December 6, 2013 ^ Gans, Andrew. "Benanti, Gleason, Pierce, Stritch, Walton, Zien Join Philharmonic Sondheim Celebration" Archived August 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill.com, January 8, 2010 ^ Ross, Blake. "About Last Night: The Stars on Sondheim" Archived October 16, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill, March 16, 2010 ^ Hetrick, Adam."Starry Sondheim: The Birthday Concert Airs on "Great Performances" Nov. 24" Archived August 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill, November 24, 2010 ^ Jones, Kenneth. "Everybody Rise! Roundabout's Sondheim 80 Celebrates a Master's Milestone" Archived July 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill.com, March 22, 2010 ^ Ross, Blake."About Last Night: Inside Sondheim's Birthday" Archived January 1, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill.com. Retrieved March 23, 2010 ^ Hetrick, Adam. "Lansbury, Zeta-Jones, Lane, Cariou, Gleason, Zien Sing Sondheim at City Center April 26". Playbill.com, April 26, 2010 ^ Gardner, Elysa."Broadway stars salute Stephen Sondheim"USA Today, April 27, 2010 ^ "BBC Proms Programme". BBC Proms. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ " Judi Dench
Judi Dench
Sings 'Send in the Clowns' for Sondheim's 80th". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Rafter Keddy, Genevieve."Photo Coverage: The New York Pops
The New York Pops
Celebrate Stephen Sondheim's 80th Birthday" broadwayworld.com, November 21, 2010 ^ Jones, Kenneth. "Sondheim at Carnegie Hall" Archived December 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, November 21, 2010 ^ "Television and Radio listings". Sondheimguide.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ " Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
to receive special Olivier Award". BBC News. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Bennett, Ray.Olivier Awards 2011: 'Legally Blonde,' Stephen Sondheim Dominate" HollywoodReporter.com, March 13, 2011 ^ Gans, Andrew. Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Receives UK Critics' Circle 2011 Award for Distinguished Services to the Arts" Archived September 6, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Playbill.com, March 9, 2012 ^ "Theater Hall of Fame members". Retrieved February 9, 2014.  ^ Ledbetter, Lucie. "Stephen Sondheim, Barbra Streisand, and More to Receive Presidential Medal of Freedom" theatermania.com, November 17, 2015 ^ "President Obama Announces the Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients". The White House. November 10, 2014. Retrieved November 11, 2014.  ^ Phil Helsel - "Obama honoring Spielberg, Streisand and more with medal of freedom," NBC News, November 24, 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-25 ^ "Young Playwrights site". Youngplaywrights.org. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ Jones, Kenneth. "Near Cornfields Worthy of Hammerstein, a Theatre Named for Sondheim Rises in Midwest" Archived December 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill.com, May 31, 2007 ^ Hetrick, Adam. "Original Cast Members Fete Sondheim at New Midwest Arts Center Dec. 7–9" Archived December 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill.com, December 4, 2007 ^ Hetrick, Adam. "Tomlin to Join Fifth Season of 'Desperate Housewives'" Archived December 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill.com, September 12, 2008 ^ "Episode list, "Desperate Housewives"". IMDb. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Widdicombe, Ben. Gossip, Daily News (New York), March 23, 2005, p. 22; "Desperate Housewives" writer Marc Cherry, who congratulated Sondheim in a filmed statement, admitted the composer was such an inspiration that each episode of his blockbuster show is named after a Sondheim song." ^ Chang, Justin. Variety, "Sondheim, Streisand infuse Wisteria Lane," December 20–26, 2004, p. 8; "Broadway-literate fans may have noticed the skein's first three post-pilot episodes ... are all named after classic Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
showtunes ..." ^ Sperling, Daniel. "'Desperate Housewives' final episode title revealed" digitalspy.com, April 19, 2012 ^ Jones, Kenneth. "Signature Creates Sondheim Award, to Be Presented at April 2009 Gala" Archived December 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill.com, October 6, 2008 ^ Horwitz, Jane. "Backstage" column Washington Post, October 8, 2008 ^ Jones, Kenneth. Peters and Cerveris Celebrate Sondheim at DC Sondheim Award Gala April 27". Playbill.com, April 27, 2009 ^ Jones, Kenneth. "Garber, Mazzie, Danieley and More Celebrate Lansbury in DC Gala April 12" Archived March 17, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Playbill.com, April 12, 2010 ^ Jones, Kenneth. " Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
Gets Sondheim Award April 11; Stephen Buntrock, Rebecca Luker, Euan Morton Sing" Archived April 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Playbill.com, April 11, 2011 ^ Jones, Kenneth. "Laura Benanti, Howard McGillin and More Sing the Praises of Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
in DC Sondheim Award Gala April 16" Archived April 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Playbill.com, April 16, 2012 ^ Purcell, Carey. "Signature's Sondheim Award Gala, Featuring Ron Raines, Heidi Blickenstaff
Heidi Blickenstaff
and Pamela Myers, Honors Jonathan Tunick April 7" Archived April 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, April 7, 2014 ^ " James Lapine
James Lapine
to Receive Signature Theatre's 2015 Stephen Sondheim Award" broadwayworld.com, November 19, 2014 ^ Ritzel, Rebecca. "A two-time Tony Award
Tony Award
winner headlines Signature Theatre’s annual gala" The Washington Post, April 8, 2016 ^ McBride, Walter. "Photo Coverage: Signature Theatre Honors Cameron Mackintosh with Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Award" broadwayworld.com, March 21, 2017 ^ "It might not sing, but it's right and just". The Sondheim Review. Sondheim Review, Inc. XVII (3): 4. 2011. ISSN 1076-450X.  ^ Brown, Mick (27 September 2010). "Still cutting it at 80: Stephen Sondheim interview". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 July 2014.  ^ "The Sondheim Review". Sondheimreview.com. Archived from the original on October 17, 2014. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Horowitz, Mark Eden, Sondheim on Music, New York: Scarecrow Press, 2003, p. 117, ISBN 978-0-8108-4437-7, ISBN 0-8108-4437-0 ^ interview on Sunday Arts, ABC (Australia) TV August 5, 2007 An Audience With Stephen Sondheim2007 ABC Australia TV interview downloadable ("Episode 26") ^ Brown, Mick (September 27, 2010). "Still cutting it at 80: Stephen Sondheim interview". The Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 19 November 2013. Sondheim has spoken in the past of feeling like an outsider – 'somebody who people want to both kiss and kill' – from quite early on in his life. He spent some 25 years – from his thirties through his fifties – in analysis, did not come out as gay until he was about 40, and did not live with a partner, a dramatist named Peter Jones, until he was 61. They separated in 1999. For the past six years he has been in a relationship with Jeff Romley, 36, a personable young man with even good looks ...  ^ Franks, Alan. "Stephen Sondheim: 'My ideal collaborator is me'". Times Online, April 25, 2009

Notes[edit]

^ Sondheim was named for this award for 2014, but was unable to attend the ceremony, and thus was named again for the 2015 award and ceremony.[137]

Sources[edit]

Gottfried, Martin. Sondheim (1993), New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., ISBN 0-8109-3844-8 Secrest, Meryle. Stephen Sondheim: A Life (1998), New York: Alfred A. Knopf, ISBN 0-679-44817-9 Zadan, Craig. Sondheim & Co (1986, 2nd ed.), New York: Harper & Row, ISBN 0-06-015649-X

Further reading[edit]

Guernsey, Otis L. (Editor). Broadway Song and Story: Playwrights/Lyricists/Composers Discuss Their Hits (1986), Dodd Mead, ISBN 0-396-08753-1

External links[edit]

Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
at Encyclopædia Britannica The Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Society Web site of The Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Society Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
PlaybillVault.com Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Papers at the Wisconsin Center for Film and Theater Research Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
on IMDb Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
online-with Finishing The Chat The Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Reference Guide Comprehensive listings of productions and recordings information James Lipton (Spring 1997). "Stephen Sondheim, The Art of the Musical". The Paris Review.  Fresh Air NPR radio interview with Sondheim from 2000 (20 minutes, streaming audio) Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
interview with Sondheim, conducted by Frank Rich
Frank Rich
in 2002 (90 minutes, streaming video) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
Center for Performing Arts MMD – developing new musical theatre with Sondheim as patron News article "Sondheim 'Story So Far' available 9/30, including previously unreleased tracks", BroadwayWorld.com Review "Sondheim has more story to tell" USA Today, 10/8/08 Stephen Sondeim: Alumni of Distinction – New York Military Academy archives page Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
symposium held at Goldsmiths, University of London, in 2005 BroadwayWorld.com interview with Stephen Sondheim, December 20, 2007 Review of "Finishing the Hat: Collected Lyrics (1954–1981)" November 2010 Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
interview on BBC Radio 4 Desert Island Discs, August 22, 1980

Awards and achievements

Preceded by Harold Prince Special
Special
Tony Award
Tony Award
for Lifetime Achievement in the Theatre 2008 Succeeded by Jerry Herman

v t e

Musicals by Stephen Sondheim

Saturday Night West Side Story Gypsy A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum Anyone Can Whistle Do I Hear a Waltz? Evening Primrose The Race to Urga Company Follies A Little Night Music The Frogs Pacific Overtures Side by Side by Sondheim Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street Marry Me a Little Merrily We Roll Along Sunday in the Park with George Into the Woods Assassins Putting It Together Passion Road Show Sondheim on Sondheim

Awards for Stephen Sondheim

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Song

1934–1940

"The Continental"

Music: Con Conrad Lyrics: Herb Magidson (1934)

"Lullaby of Broadway"

Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Al Dubin (1935)

"The Way You Look Tonight"

Music: Jerome Kern Lyrics: Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
(1936)

"Sweet Leilani"

Music and lyrics: Harry Owens
Harry Owens
(1937)

"Thanks for the Memory"

Music: Ralph Rainger Lyrics: Leo Robin (1938)

"Over the Rainbow"

Music: Harold Arlen Lyrics: E. Y. Harburg (1939)

"When You Wish Upon a Star"

Music: Leigh Harline Lyrics: Ned Washington (1940)

1941–1950

"The Last Time I Saw Paris"

Music: Jerome Kern Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
(1941)

"White Christmas"

Music and lyrics: Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
(1942)

"You'll Never Know"

Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Mack Gordon
Mack Gordon
(1943)

"Swinging on a Star"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Johnny Burke (1944)

"It Might as Well Be Spring"

Music: Richard Rodgers Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
(1945)

"On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe"

Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1946)

"Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah"

Music: Allie Wrubel Lyrics: Ray Gilbert (1947)

"Buttons and Bows"

Music: Jay Livingston Lyrics: Ray Evans (1948)

"Baby, It's Cold Outside"

Music and lyrics: Frank Loesser
Frank Loesser
(1949)

"Mona Lisa"

Music and lyrics: Ray Evans and Jay Livingston
Jay Livingston
(1950)

1951–1960

"In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening"

Music: Hoagy Carmichael Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1951)

"High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me, Oh My Darlin')"

Music: Dimitri Tiomkin Lyrics: Ned Washington (1952)

"Secret Love"

Music: Sammy Fain Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1953)

"Three Coins in the Fountain"

Music: Jule Styne Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1954)

"Love Is a Many Splendored Thing"

Music: Sammy Fain Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1955)

"Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)"

Music and lyrics: Jay Livingston
Jay Livingston
and Ray Evans (1956)

"All the Way"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1957)

"Gigi"

Music: Frederick Loewe Lyrics: Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1958)

"High Hopes"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1959)

"Never on Sunday"

Music and lyrics: Manos Hatzidakis
Manos Hatzidakis
(1960)

1961–1970

"Moon River"

Music: Henry Mancini Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1961)

"Days of Wine and Roses"

Music: Henry Mancini Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1962)

"Call Me Irresponsible"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1963)

"Chim Chim Cher-ee"

Music and lyrics: Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman
Robert B. Sherman
(1964)

"The Shadow of Your Smile"

Music: Johnny Mandel Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1965)

"Born Free"

Music: John Barry Lyrics: Don Black (1966)

" Talk
Talk
to the Animals"

Music and lyrics: Leslie Bricusse (1967)

"The Windmills of Your Mind"

Music: Michel Legrand Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1968)

"Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head"

Music: Burt Bacharach Lyrics: Hal David
Hal David
(1969)

"For All We Know"

Music: Fred Karlin Lyrics: Robb Royer
Robb Royer
and Jimmy Griffin (1970)

1971–1980

"Theme from Shaft"

Music and lyrics: Isaac Hayes
Isaac Hayes
(1971)

"The Morning After"

Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1972)

"The Way We Were"

Music: Marvin Hamlisch Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1973)

"We May Never Love Like This Again"

Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1974)

"I'm Easy"

Music and lyrics: Keith Carradine
Keith Carradine
(1975)

"Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)"

Music: Barbra Streisand Lyrics: Paul Williams (1976)

"You Light Up My Life"

Music and lyrics: Joseph Brooks (1977)

"Last Dance"

Music and lyrics: Paul Jabara
Paul Jabara
(1978)

"It Goes Like It Goes"

Music: David Shire Lyrics: Norman Gimbel (1979)

"Fame"

Music: Michael Gore Lyrics: Dean Pitchford (1980)

1981–1990

"Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)"

Music and lyrics: Burt Bacharach, Carole Bayer Sager, Christopher Cross and Peter Allen (1981)

"Up Where We Belong"

Music: Jack Nitzsche
Jack Nitzsche
and Buffy Sainte-Marie Lyrics: Will Jennings (1982)

"Flashdance... What a Feeling"

Music: Giorgio Moroder Lyrics: Keith Forsey and Irene Cara (1983)

"I Just Called to Say I Love You"

Music and lyrics: Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1984)

"Say You, Say Me"

Music and lyrics: Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie
(1985)

"Take My Breath Away"

Music: Giorgio Moroder Lyrics: Tom Whitlock (1986)

"(I've Had) The Time of My Life"

Music: Franke Previte, John DeNicola and Donald Markowitz Lyrics: Franke Previte (1987)

"Let the River Run"

Music and lyrics: Carly Simon
Carly Simon
(1988)

"Under the Sea"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1989)

"Sooner or Later (I Always Get My Man)"

Music and lyrics: Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1990)

1991–2000

"Beauty and the Beast"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1991)

"A Whole New World"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1992)

"Streets of Philadelphia"

Music and lyrics: Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(1993)

"Can You Feel the Love Tonight"

Music: Elton John Lyrics: Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1994)

"Colors of the Wind"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1995)

"You Must Love Me"

Music: Andrew Lloyd Webber Lyrics: Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1996)

"My Heart Will Go On"

Music: James Horner Lyrics: Will Jennings (1997)

"When You Believe"

Music and lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1998)

"You'll Be in My Heart"

Music and lyrics: Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1999)

"Things Have Changed"

Music and lyrics: Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(2000)

2001–2010

"If I Didn't Have You (Disney song)"

Music and lyrics: Randy Newman
Randy Newman
(2001)

"Lose Yourself"

Music: Eminem, Jeff Bass and Luis Resto Lyrics: Eminem
Eminem
(2002)

"Into the West"

Music and lyrics: Fran Walsh, Howard Shore
Howard Shore
and Annie Lennox
Annie Lennox
(2003)

"Al otro lado del río"

Music and lyrics: Jorge Drexler
Jorge Drexler
(2004)

"It's Hard out Here for a Pimp"

Music and lyrics: Juicy J, Frayser Boy and DJ Paul
DJ Paul
(2005)

"I Need to Wake Up"

Music and lyrics: Melissa Etheridge
Melissa Etheridge
(2006)

"Falling Slowly"

Music and lyrics: Glen Hansard
Glen Hansard
and Markéta Irglová
Markéta Irglová
(2007)

"Jai Ho"

Music: A. R. Rahman Lyrics: Gulzar
Gulzar
(2008)

"The Weary Kind"

Music and lyrics: Ryan Bingham
Ryan Bingham
and T Bone Burnett
T Bone Burnett
(2009)

"We Belong Together"

Music and lyrics: Randy Newman
Randy Newman
(2010)

2011–present

"Man or Muppet"

Music and lyrics: Bret McKenzie
Bret McKenzie
(2011)

"Skyfall"

Music and lyrics: Adele
Adele
Adkins and Paul Epworth (2012)

"Let It Go"

Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2013)

"Glory"

Music and lyrics: John Stephens and Lonnie Lynn (2014)

"Writing's on the Wall"

Music and lyrics: James Napier and Sam Smith (2015)

"City of Stars"

Music: Justin Hurwitz Lyrics: Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016)

"Remember Me"

Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2017)

v t e

Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Lyrics

Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1969) Stephen Sondheim/ Bertolt Brecht
Bertolt Brecht
(1970) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1971) John Guare
John Guare
(1972) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1973) Al Carmines (1974) Charlie Smalls
Charlie Smalls
(1975) Edward Kleban (1976) Martin Charnin (1977) Carol Hall (1978) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1979) Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1980) Stephen Sondheim/ Maury Yeston (1982) Howard Ashman (1983) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1984) Roger Miller
Roger Miller
(1985) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1988) David Zippel (1990) William Finn
William Finn
(1991) Susan Birkenhead (1992) Denis Markell and Douglas Bernstein (1993) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1994) Jonathan Larson (1996) Gerard Alessandrini
Gerard Alessandrini
(1997) Lynn Ahrens (1998) Gerard Alessandrini
Gerard Alessandrini
(1999) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(2000) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2001) Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(2002) Scott Wittman and Marc Shaiman
Marc Shaiman
(2003) Stephen Schwartz (2004) Eric Idle
Eric Idle
(2005) Lisa Lambert and Greg Morrison (2006) Steven Sater (2007) Stew (2008) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(2009) John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(2010) Trey Parker, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2011) Glen Hansard
Glen Hansard
and Markéta Irglová
Markéta Irglová
(2012) Tim Minchin
Tim Minchin
(2013) Robert L. Freedman and Steven Lutvak (2014) Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2015) Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016) David Yazbek (2017)

v t e

Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Music

Al Carmines/ Burt Bacharach
Burt Bacharach
(1969) Stephen Sondheim/ Kurt Weill
Kurt Weill
(1970) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1971) Galt MacDermot (1972) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1973) Al Carmines (1974) Charlie Smalls
Charlie Smalls
(1975) Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1976) Cy Coleman
Cy Coleman
(1977) Cy Coleman/ Carol Hall (1978) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1979) Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
(1980) Maury Yeston (1982) Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
(1983) Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(1984) Larry Grossman (1985) Rupert Holmes (1986) Noel Gay/ Claude-Michel Schönberg (1987) Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
(1988) Cy Coleman
Cy Coleman
(1990) Cy Coleman
Cy Coleman
(1991) Erik Frandsen, Michael Garin, Paul Lockheart and Robert Hipkins (1992) Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1993) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1994) Jonathan Larson (1996) Cy Coleman
Cy Coleman
(1997) Stephen Flaherty (1998) Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(1999) Andrew Lippa
Andrew Lippa
(2000) David Yazbek (2001) Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(2002) Marc Shaiman
Marc Shaiman
(2003) Jeanine Tesori (2004) Adam Guettel
Adam Guettel
(2005) Lisa Lambert and Greg Morrison (2006) Duncan Sheik
Duncan Sheik
(2007) Stew and Heidi Rodewald (2008) Elton John
Elton John
(2009) David Bryan
David Bryan
(2010) Trey Parker, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2011) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(2012) David Byrne
David Byrne
and Fatboy Slim
Fatboy Slim
(2013) Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(2014) Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2015) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
and Edie Brickell
Edie Brickell
(2016) David Yazbek (2017)

v t e

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Song of the Year

1959−1980

"Volare" – Domenico Modugno
Domenico Modugno
(songwriter) (1959) "The Battle of New Orleans" – Jimmy Driftwood
Jimmy Driftwood
(songwriter) (1960) "Theme from Exodus" – Ernest Gold (songwriter) (1961) "Moon River" – Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
& Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(songwriters) (1962) "What Kind of Fool Am I?" – Leslie Bricusse & Anthony Newley (songwriters) (1963) "Days of Wine and Roses" – Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
& Henry Mancini (songwriters) (1964) "Hello, Dolly!" – Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(songwriter) (1965) "The Shadow of Your Smile" – Paul Francis Webster & Johnny Mandel (songwriters) (1966) "Michelle" – John Lennon
John Lennon
& Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
(songwriters) (1967) "Up, Up, and Away" – Jimmy Webb
Jimmy Webb
(songwriter) (1968) "Little Green Apples" – Bobby Russell (songwriter) (1969) "Games People Play" – Joe South
Joe South
(songwriter) (1970) "Bridge over Troubled Water" – Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(songwriter) (1971) "You've Got a Friend" – Carole King
Carole King
(songwriter) (1972) "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" – Ewan MacColl (songwriter) (1973) "Killing Me Softly with His Song" – Norman Gimbel & Charles Fox (songwriters) (1974) "The Way We Were" – Alan and Marilyn Bergman & Marvin Hamlisch (songwriters) (1975) "Send in the Clowns" – Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(songwriter) (1976) "I Write the Songs" – Bruce Johnston (songwriter) (1977) "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)" – Barbra Streisand & Paul Williams (songwriters) / "You Light Up My Life" – Joe Brooks (songwriter) (1978) "Just the Way You Are" – Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(songwriter) (1979) "What a Fool Believes" – Kenny Loggins
Kenny Loggins
& Michael McDonald (songwriters) (1980)

1981−2000

"Sailing" – Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(songwriter) (1981) "Bette Davis Eyes" – Donna Weiss & Jackie DeShannon (songwriters) (1982) "Always on My Mind" – Johnny Christopher, Mark James & Wayne Carson (songwriters) (1983) "Every Breath You Take" – Sting (songwriter) (1984) "What's Love Got to Do with It" – Graham Lyle & Terry Britten (songwriters) (1985) "We Are the World" – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
& Lionel Richie (songwriters) (1986) "That's What Friends Are For" – Burt Bacharach
Burt Bacharach
& Carole Bayer Sager (songwriters) (1987) "Somewhere Out There" – James Horner, Barry Mann
Barry Mann
& Cynthia Weil (songwriters) (1988) "Don't Worry, Be Happy" – Bobby McFerrin
Bobby McFerrin
(songwriter) (1989) "Wind Beneath My Wings" – Larry Henley & Jeff Silbar (songwriters) (1990) "From a Distance" – Julie Gold
Julie Gold
(songwriter) (1991) "Unforgettable" – Irving Gordon
Irving Gordon
(songwriter) (1992) "Tears in Heaven" – Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
& Will Jennings (songwriters) (1993) "A Whole New World" – Alan Menken
Alan Menken
& Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(songwriters) (1994) "Streets of Philadelphia" – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(songwriter) (1995) "Kiss from a Rose" – Seal (songwriter) (1996) "Change the World" – Gordon Kennedy, Wayne Kirkpatrick & Tommy Sims (songwriters) (1997) "Sunny Came Home" – Shawn Colvin
Shawn Colvin
& John Leventhal
John Leventhal
(songwriters) (1998) "My Heart Will Go On" – James Horner
James Horner
& Will Jennings (songwriters) (1999) "Smooth" – Itaal Shur
Itaal Shur
& Rob Thomas (songwriters) (2000)

2001−present

"Beautiful Day" – Adam Clayton, David Evans, Laurence Mullen & Paul Hewson (songwriters) (2001) "Fallin'" – Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
(songwriter) (2002) "Don't Know Why" – Jesse Harris (songwriter) (2003) "Dance with My Father" – Richard Marx
Richard Marx
& Luther Vandross (songwriters) (2004) "Daughters" – John Mayer
John Mayer
(songwriter) (2005) "Sometimes You Can't Make It on Your Own" – Adam Clayton, David Evans, Laurence Mullen & Paul Hewson (songwriters) (2006) "Not Ready to Make Nice" – Emily Burns Erwin, Martha Maguire, Natalie Maines
Natalie Maines
Pasdar & Dan Wilson (songwriters) (2007) "Rehab" – Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
(songwriter) (2008) "Viva la Vida" – Guy Berryman, Jonathan Buckland, William Champion & Christopher Martin (songwriters) (2009) "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" – Thaddis "Kuk" Harrell, Beyoncé Knowles, Terius Nash & Christopher Stewart (songwriters) (2010) "Need You Now" – Dave Haywood, Josh Kear, Charles Kelley
Charles Kelley
& Hillary Scott (songwriters) (2011) "Rolling in the Deep" – Adele
Adele
Adkins & Paul Epworth (songwriters) (2012) "We Are Young" – Jack Antonoff, Jeff Bhasker, Andrew Dost
Andrew Dost
& Nate Ruess (songwriters) (2013) "Royals" – Joel Little & Ella Yelich O'Connor (songwriters) (2014) "Stay with Me" (Darkchild version) – James Napier, William Phillips & Sam Smith (songwriters) (2015) "Thinking Out Loud" – Ed Sheeran
Ed Sheeran
& Amy Wadge
Amy Wadge
(songwriters) (2016) "Hello" – Adele
Adele
Adkins & Greg Kurstin
Greg Kurstin
(songwriters) (2017) "That's What I Like" – Christopher Brody Brown, James Fauntleroy, Philip Lawrence, Bruno Mars, Ray Charles McCullough II, Jeremy Reeves, Ray Romulus & Jonathan Yip (songwriters) (2018)

v t e

Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
Honorees (1990s)

1990

Dizzy Gillespie Katharine Hepburn Risë Stevens Jule Styne Billy Wilder

1991

Roy Acuff Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green Fayard and Harold Nicholas Gregory Peck Robert Shaw

1992

Lionel Hampton Paul Newman
Paul Newman
and Joanne Woodward Ginger Rogers Mstislav Rostropovich Paul Taylor

1993

Johnny Carson Arthur Mitchell Sir Georg Solti Stephen Sondheim Marion Williams

1994

Kirk Douglas Aretha Franklin Morton Gould Harold Prince Pete Seeger

1995

Jacques d'Amboise Marilyn Horne B.B. King Sidney Poitier Neil Simon

1996

Edward Albee Benny Carter Johnny Cash Jack Lemmon Maria Tallchief

1997

Lauren Bacall Bob Dylan Charlton Heston Jessye Norman Edward Villella

1998

Bill Cosby Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
and John Kander Willie Nelson André Previn Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
Black

1999

Victor Borge Sean Connery Judith Jamison Jason Robards Stevie Wonder

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

v t e

Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
for Drama: Authors

Jesse Lynch Williams (1918) Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
(1920) Zona Gale
Zona Gale
(1921) Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
(1922) Owen Davis
Owen Davis
(1923) Hatcher Hughes (1924) Sidney Howard
Sidney Howard
(1925) George Kelly (1926) Paul Green (1927) Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
(1928) Elmer Rice
Elmer Rice
(1929) Marc Connelly
Marc Connelly
(1930) Susan Glaspell
Susan Glaspell
(1931) George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind and Ira Gershwin
Ira Gershwin
(1932) Maxwell Anderson
Maxwell Anderson
(1933) Sidney Kingsley
Sidney Kingsley
(1934) Zoe Akins
Zoe Akins
(1935) Robert E. Sherwood
Robert E. Sherwood
(1936) Moss Hart
Moss Hart
and George S. Kaufman
George S. Kaufman
(1937) Thornton Wilder
Thornton Wilder
(1938) Robert E. Sherwood
Robert E. Sherwood
(1939) William Saroyan
William Saroyan
(1940) Robert E. Sherwood
Robert E. Sherwood
(1941) Thornton Wilder
Thornton Wilder
(1943) Mary Chase (1945) Russel Crouse and Howard Lindsay (1946) Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1948) Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller
(1949) Richard Rodgers, Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
and Joshua Logan (1950) Joseph Kramm (1952) William Inge
William Inge
(1953) John Patrick (1954) Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1955) Albert Hackett
Albert Hackett
and Frances Goodrich (1956) Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
(1957) Ketti Frings (1958) Archibald MacLeish
Archibald MacLeish
(1959) Jerome Weidman, George Abbott, Jerry Bock
Jerry Bock
and Sheldon Harnick
Sheldon Harnick
(1960) Tad Mosel
Tad Mosel
(1961) Frank Loesser
Frank Loesser
and Abe Burrows
Abe Burrows
(1962) Frank D. Gilroy (1965) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(1967) Howard Sackler (1969) Charles Gordone (1970) Paul Zindel
Paul Zindel
(1971) Jason Miller (1973) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(1975) Michael Bennett, Nicholas Dante, James Kirkwood Jr., Marvin Hamlisch and Edward Kleban (1976) Michael Cristofer
Michael Cristofer
(1977) Donald L. Coburn (1978) Sam Shepard
Sam Shepard
(1979) Lanford Wilson
Lanford Wilson
(1980) Beth Henley (1981) Charles Fuller (1982) Marsha Norman
Marsha Norman
(1983) David Mamet
David Mamet
(1984) James Lapine
James Lapine
and Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1985) August Wilson
August Wilson
(1987) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1988) Wendy Wasserstein
Wendy Wasserstein
(1989) August Wilson
August Wilson
(1990) Neil Simon
Neil Simon
(1991) Robert Schenkkan
Robert Schenkkan
(1992) Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
(1993) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(1994) Horton Foote (1995) Jonathan Larson (1996) Paula Vogel
Paula Vogel
(1998) Margaret Edson (1999) Donald Margulies
Donald Margulies
(2000) David Auburn (2001) Suzan-Lori Parks
Suzan-Lori Parks
(2002) Nilo Cruz
Nilo Cruz
(2003) Doug Wright (2004) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(2005) David Lindsay-Abaire (2007) Tracy Letts
Tracy Letts
(2008) Lynn Nottage
Lynn Nottage
(2009) Tom Kitt
Tom Kitt
and Brian Yorkey (2010) Bruce Norris (2011) Quiara Alegría Hudes (2012) Ayad Akhtar
Ayad Akhtar
(2013) Annie Baker
Annie Baker
(2014) Stephen Adly Guirgis (2015) Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Lynn Nottage
Lynn Nottage
(2017)

v t e

Society of London Theatre Special
Special
Award

Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1979) Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
(1980) Charles Wintour (1982) Joan Littlewood
Joan Littlewood
(1983) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1985) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1988) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1991) Ninette de Valois
Ninette de Valois
(1992) Kenneth MacMillan (1993) Sam Wanamaker
Sam Wanamaker
(1994) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1996) Margaret Harris (1997) Ed Mirvish
Ed Mirvish
/ David Mirvish (1998) Peter Hall (1999) Rupert Rhymes (2002) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(2003) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2004) Alan Bennett
Alan Bennett
(2005) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(2006) John Tomlinson (2007) Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
(2008) Alan Ayckbourn
Alan Ayckbourn
(2009) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(2010) Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(2011) Monica Mason
Monica Mason
/ Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(2012) Michael Frayn / Gillian Lynne
Gillian Lynne
(2013) Nicholas Hytner & Nick Starr / Michael White (2014) Sylvie Guillem
Sylvie Guillem
/ Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(2015) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Original Score

1947-1975

Street Scene by Kurt Weill
Kurt Weill
(1947) Kiss Me, Kate
Kiss Me, Kate
by Cole Porter
Cole Porter
(1949) South Pacific by Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1950) Call Me Madam
Call Me Madam
by Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
(1951) No Strings
No Strings
by Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1962) Oliver!
Oliver!
by Lionel Bart
Lionel Bart
(1963) Hello, Dolly! by Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(1964) Fiddler on the Roof
Fiddler on the Roof
by Jerry Bock
Jerry Bock
and Sheldon Harnick
Sheldon Harnick
(1965) Man of La Mancha
Man of La Mancha
by Mitch Leigh
Mitch Leigh
and Joe Darion (1966) Cabaret by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1967) Hallelujah, Baby!
Hallelujah, Baby!
by Jule Styne, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green
Adolph Green
(1968) Company by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1971) Follies
Follies
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1972) A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1973) Gigi by Frederick Loewe and Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1974) The Wiz
The Wiz
by Charlie Smalls
Charlie Smalls
(1975)

1976-2000

A Chorus Line
A Chorus Line
by Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
and Edward Kleban (1976) Annie by Charles Strouse
Charles Strouse
and Martin Charnin (1977) On the Twentieth Century by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1978) Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1979) Evita by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
and Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1980) Woman of the Year by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1981) Nine by Maury Yeston (1982) Cats by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
and T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
(1983) La Cage aux Folles by Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(1984) Big River by Roger Miller
Roger Miller
(1985) Drood
Drood
by Rupert Holmes (1986) Les Misérables by Claude-Michel Schönberg, Herbert Kretzmer, and Alain Boublil (1987) Into the Woods
Into the Woods
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1988) City of Angels by Cy Coleman
Cy Coleman
and David Zippel (1990) The Will Rogers Follies
Follies
by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1991) Falsettos by William Finn
William Finn
(1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
/ The Who's Tommy by Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
(1993) Passion by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1994) Sunset Boulevard by Andrew Lloyd Webber, Don Black, and Christopher Hampton (1995) Rent by Jonathan Larson (1996) Titanic by Maury Yeston (1997) Ragtime by Stephen Flaherty and Lynn Ahrens (1998) Parade by Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(1999) Aida by Elton John
Elton John
and Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(2000)

2001-present

The Producers by Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2001) Urinetown
Urinetown
by Mark Hollmann and Greg Kotis (2002) Hairspray by Marc Shaiman
Marc Shaiman
and Scott Wittman (2003) Avenue Q
Avenue Q
by Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Jeff Marx
Jeff Marx
(2004) The Light in the Piazza by Adam Guettel
Adam Guettel
(2005) The Drowsy Chaperone
The Drowsy Chaperone
by Lisa Lambert and Greg Morrison (2006) Spring Awakening by Duncan Sheik
Duncan Sheik
and Steven Sater (2007) In the Heights
In the Heights
by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2008) Next to Normal
Next to Normal
by Tom Kitt
Tom Kitt
and Brian Yorkey (2009) Memphis by David Bryan
David Bryan
and Joe DiPietro (2010) The Book of Mormon by Trey Parker, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2011) Newsies by Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Jack Feldman (2012) Kinky Boots by Cyndi Lauper
Cyndi Lauper
(2013) The Bridges of Madison County by Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(2014) Fun Home by Jeanine Tesori and Lisa Kron (2015) Hamilton by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Dear Evan Hansen
Dear Evan Hansen
by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Original Score

1947-1975

Street Scene by Kurt Weill
Kurt Weill
(1947) Kiss Me, Kate
Kiss Me, Kate
by Cole Porter
Cole Porter
(1949) South Pacific by Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1950) Call Me Madam
Call Me Madam
by Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
(1951) No Strings
No Strings
by Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1962) Oliver!
Oliver!
by Lionel Bart
Lionel Bart
(1963) Hello, Dolly! by Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(1964) Fiddler on the Roof
Fiddler on the Roof
by Jerry Bock
Jerry Bock
and Sheldon Harnick
Sheldon Harnick
(1965) Man of La Mancha
Man of La Mancha
by Mitch Leigh
Mitch Leigh
and Joe Darion (1966) Cabaret by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1967) Hallelujah, Baby!
Hallelujah, Baby!
by Jule Styne, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green
Adolph Green
(1968) Company by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1971) Follies
Follies
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1972) A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1973) Gigi by Frederick Loewe and Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1974) The Wiz
The Wiz
by Charlie Smalls
Charlie Smalls
(1975)

1976-2000

A Chorus Line
A Chorus Line
by Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
and Edward Kleban (1976) Annie by Charles Strouse
Charles Strouse
and Martin Charnin (1977) On the Twentieth Century by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1978) Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1979) Evita by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
and Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1980) Woman of the Year by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1981) Nine by Maury Yeston (1982) Cats by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
and T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
(1983) La Cage aux Folles by Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(1984) Big River by Roger Miller
Roger Miller
(1985) Drood
Drood
by Rupert Holmes (1986) Les Misérables by Claude-Michel Schönberg, Herbert Kretzmer, and Alain Boublil (1987) Into the Woods
Into the Woods
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1988) City of Angels by Cy Coleman
Cy Coleman
and David Zippel (1990) The Will Rogers Follies
Follies
by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1991) Falsettos by William Finn
William Finn
(1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
/ The Who's Tommy by Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
(1993) Passion by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1994) Sunset Boulevard by Andrew Lloyd Webber, Don Black, and Christopher Hampton (1995) Rent by Jonathan Larson (1996) Titanic by Maury Yeston (1997) Ragtime by Stephen Flaherty and Lynn Ahrens (1998) Parade by Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(1999) Aida by Elton John
Elton John
and Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(2000)

2001-present

The Producers by Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2001) Urinetown
Urinetown
by Mark Hollmann and Greg Kotis (2002) Hairspray by Marc Shaiman
Marc Shaiman
and Scott Wittman (2003) Avenue Q
Avenue Q
by Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Jeff Marx
Jeff Marx
(2004) The Light in the Piazza by Adam Guettel
Adam Guettel
(2005) The Drowsy Chaperone
The Drowsy Chaperone
by Lisa Lambert and Greg Morrison (2006) Spring Awakening by Duncan Sheik
Duncan Sheik
and Steven Sater (2007) In the Heights
In the Heights
by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2008) Next to Normal
Next to Normal
by Tom Kitt
Tom Kitt
and Brian Yorkey (2009) Memphis by David Bryan
David Bryan
and Joe DiPietro (2010) The Book of Mormon by Trey Parker, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2011) Newsies by Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Jack Feldman (2012) Kinky Boots by Cyndi Lauper
Cyndi Lauper
(2013) The Bridges of Madison County by Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(2014) Fun Home by Jeanine Tesori and Lisa Kron (2015) Hamilton by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Dear Evan Hansen
Dear Evan Hansen
by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 111162547 LCCN: n79077369 ISNI: 0000 0001 2096 8578 GND: 119279207 SUDOC: 067179886 BNF: cb138999203 (data) BIBSYS: 90519329 ULAN: 500335183 MusicBrainz: bcd6af9f-afa8-43fd-b1be-acbbbb2f7dc7 BNE: XX1111484 SN

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