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Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American author of horror, supernatural fiction, suspense, science fiction, and fantasy. His books have sold more than 350 million copies,[2] many of which have been adapted into feature films, miniseries, television series, and comic books. King has published 54 novels, including seven under the pen name Richard Bachman, and six non-fiction books. He has written around 200 short stories, most of which have been collected in book collections. King has received Bram Stoker
Bram Stoker
Awards, World Fantasy Awards, and British Fantasy Society Awards. In 2003, the National Book
Book
Foundation awarded him the Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters.[3] He has also received awards for his contribution to literature for his entire oeuvre, such as the World Fantasy Award
World Fantasy Award
for Life Achievement (2004), and the Grand Master Award from the Mystery Writers of America (2007).[4] In 2015, King was awarded with a National Medal of Arts
National Medal of Arts
from the United States National Endowment for the Arts for his contributions to literature.[5] He has been described as the "King of Horror".[6]

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Career

2.1 Beginnings 2.2 The Dark Tower books 2.3 Pseudonyms 2.4 Digital era

3 Collaborations

3.1 Writings 3.2 Music

4 Analysis

4.1 Writing style 4.2 Influences 4.3 Critical response

5 Appearances and adaptations in other media 6 Car accident and after effects 7 Political activism

7.1 Maine
Maine
politics

8 Philanthropy 9 Personal life 10 Awards 11 Bibliography 12 See also 13 References 14 Further reading 15 External links

Early life and education King was born September 21, 1947, in Portland, Maine. His father, Donald Edwin King, was a merchant seaman. Donald was born under the surname Pollock, but as an adult, used the surname King.[7][8][9] King's mother was Nellie Ruth (née Pillsbury).[9] When Stephen King
Stephen King
was two years old, his father left the family under the pretense of "going to buy a pack of cigarettes", leaving his mother to raise Stephen and his older brother, David, by herself, sometimes under great financial strain. The family moved to De Pere, Wisconsin, Fort Wayne, Indiana, and Stratford, Connecticut. When King was 11, the family returned to Durham, Maine, where his mother cared for her parents until their deaths. She then became a caregiver in a local residential facility for the mentally challenged.[1] King was raised Methodist[10] and remains religious as an adult.[11] As a child, King apparently witnessed one of his friends being struck and killed by a train, though he has no memory of the event. His family told him that after leaving home to play with the boy, King returned, speechless and seemingly in shock. Only later did the family learn of the friend's death. Some commentators have suggested that this event may have psychologically inspired some of King's darker works,[12] but King makes no mention of it in his memoir On Writing (2000). King related in detail his primary inspiration for writing horror fiction in his non-fiction Danse Macabre (1981), in a chapter titled "An Annoying Autobiographical Pause". King compares his uncle's dowsing for water using the bough of an apple branch with the sudden realization of what he wanted to do for a living. That inspiration occurred while browsing through an attic with his elder brother, when King uncovered a paperback version of an H. P. Lovecraft
H. P. Lovecraft
collection of short stories he remembers as The Lurker in the Shadows, that had belonged to his father. King told Barnes & Noble Studios during a 2009 interview, "I knew that I'd found home when I read that book."[13] King attended Durham Elementary School and graduated from Lisbon Falls High School, in Lisbon Falls, Maine. He displayed an early interest in horror as an avid reader of EC's horror comics, including Tales from the Crypt (he later paid tribute to the comics in his screenplay for Creepshow). He began writing for fun while still in school, contributing articles to Dave's Rag, the newspaper his brother published with a mimeograph machine, and later began selling to his friends stories based on movies he had seen (though when discovered by his teachers, he was forced to return the profits). The first of his stories to be independently published was "I Was a Teenage Grave Robber"; it was serialized over four issues (three published and one unpublished) of a fanzine, Comics Review, in 1965. That story was published the following year in a revised form as "In a Half-World of Terror" in another fanzine, Stories of Suspense, edited by Marv Wolfman.[14] As a teen, King also won a Scholastic Art and Writing Award.[15] From 1966, King studied at the University of Maine, graduating in 1970 with a Bachelor of Arts in English. That year, his daughter Naomi Rachel was born. He wrote a column, Steve King's Garbage Truck, for the student newspaper, The Maine Campus
The Maine Campus
and participated in a writing workshop organized by Burton Hatlen.[16] King held a variety of jobs to pay for his studies, including janitor, gas pump attendant, and worker at an industrial laundry. Career Beginnings King sold his first professional short story, "The Glass Floor", to Startling Mystery Stories in 1967.[1] The Fogler Library at the University of Maine
University of Maine
now holds many of King's papers. After leaving the university, King earned a certificate to teach high school but, unable to find a teaching post immediately, initially supplemented his laboring wage by selling short stories to men's magazines such as Cavalier. Many of these early stories have been republished in the collection Night Shift. The short story The Raft was published in Adam, a men's magazine. After being arrested for driving over a traffic cone, he was fined $250 and had no money to pay the petty larceny fine. Luckily payment arrived for the short story The Raft, then entitled The Float, and "all I did was cash the check and pay the fine."[17] In 1971, King married Tabitha Spruce, a fellow student at the University of Maine
University of Maine
whom he had met at the University's Fogler Library after one of Professor Hatlen's workshops.[16] That fall, King was hired as a teacher at Hampden Academy
Hampden Academy
in Hampden, Maine. He continued to contribute short stories to magazines and worked on ideas for novels.[1] During that time, King developed a drinking problem which would plague him for more than a decade.[18] In 1973, King's first novel Carrie was accepted by publishing house Doubleday. King had thrown an early draft of the novel into the trash after becoming discouraged with his progress writing about a teenage girl with psychic powers. His wife retrieved the manuscript and encouraged him to finish it.[19]:54 His advance for Carrie was $2,500; King's paperback rights later earned $400,000. King and his family moved to southern Maine
Maine
because of his mother's failing health. At this time, he began writing a book titled Second Coming, later titled Jerusalem's Lot, before finally changing the title to Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
(published 1975). In a 1987 issue of The Highway Patrolman magazine, he stated, "The story seems sort of down home to me. I have a special cold spot in my heart for it!"[20] Soon after Carrie's release in 1974, King's mother died of uterine cancer. His Aunt Emrine had read the novel to her before she died. King has written of his severe drinking problem at this time, stating that he was drunk delivering the eulogy at his mother's funeral.[19]:69 After his mother's death, King and his family moved to Boulder, Colorado, where King wrote The Shining (published 1977). The family returned to western Maine
Maine
in 1975, where King completed his fourth novel, The Stand
The Stand
(published 1978). In 1977, the family, with the addition of Owen Phillip (his third and last child), traveled briefly to England, returning to Maine
Maine
that fall, where King began teaching creative writing at the University of Maine. He has kept his primary residence in Maine
Maine
ever since.[21] In 1985, King wrote his first work for the comic book medium,[22] writing a few pages of the benefit X-Men
X-Men
comic book Heroes for Hope Starring the X-Men. The book, whose profits were donated to assist with famine relief in Africa, was written by a number of different authors in the comic book field, such as Chris Claremont, Stan Lee, and Alan Moore, as well as authors not primarily associated with that industry, such as Harlan Ellison.[23] The following year, King wrote the introduction to Batman
Batman
No. 400, an anniversary issue in which he expressed his preference for that character over Superman.[24][25] The Dark Tower books Main article: The Dark Tower (series) In the late 1970s, King began what became a series of interconnected stories about a lone gunslinger, Roland, who pursues the "Man in Black" in an alternate-reality universe that is a cross between J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth
Middle-earth
and the American Wild West
Wild West
as depicted by Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
and Sergio Leone
Sergio Leone
in their spaghetti Westerns. The first of these stories, The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger, was initially published in five installments by The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction under the editorship of Edward L. Ferman, from 1977 to 1981. The Gunslinger was continued as an eight-book epic series called The Dark Tower, whose books King wrote and published infrequently over four decades. Pseudonyms Main article: Richard Bachman In the late 1970s and early 1980s, King published a handful of short novels—Rage (1977), The Long Walk
The Long Walk
(1979), Roadwork
Roadwork
(1981), The Running Man (1982) and Thinner (1984)—under the pseudonym Richard Bachman. The idea behind this was to test whether he could replicate his success again and to allay his fears that his popularity was an accident. An alternate explanation was that publishing standards at the time allowed only a single book a year.[26] He picked up the name from the hard rock band Bachman-Turner Overdrive, of which he is a fan.[27] Richard Bachman was exposed as King's pseudonym by a persistent Washington, D.C. bookstore clerk, Steve Brown, who noticed similarities between the works and later located publisher's records at the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
that named King as the author of one of Bachman's novels.[28] This led to a press release heralding Bachman's "death"—supposedly from "cancer of the pseudonym".[29] King dedicated his 1989 book The Dark Half, about a pseudonym turning on a writer, to "the deceased Richard Bachman", and in 1996, when the Stephen King
Stephen King
novel Desperation was released, the companion novel The Regulators carried the "Bachman" byline. In 2006, during a press conference in London, King declared that he had discovered another Bachman novel, titled Blaze. It was published on June 12, 2007. In fact, the original manuscript had been held at King's alma mater, the University of Maine
University of Maine
in Orono, for many years and had been covered by numerous King experts. King rewrote the original 1973 manuscript for its publication.[30] King has used other pseudonyms. The short story "The Fifth Quarter" was published under the pseudonym John Swithen (the name of a character in the novel Carrie), that was published in Cavalier in April 1972.[31] The story was later reprinted in King's collection Nightmares & Dreamscapes in 1993 under his own name. In the introduction to the Bachman novel Blaze, King claims, with tongue-in-cheek, that "Bachman" was the person using the Swithen pseudonym. The "children's book" Charlie the Choo-Choo: From the World of The Dark Tower was published under the pseudonym Beryl Evans, who was portrayed by actress Allison Davies during a book signing at San Diego Comic-Con,[32] and illustrated by Ned Dameron. It is adapted from a fictional book central to the plot of King's previous novel The Dark Tower III: The Waste Lands and published in 2016.[33] Digital era

Stephen King
Stephen King
at the Harvard Book
Book
Store, June 6, 2005

In 2000, King published online a serialized horror novel, The Plant.[34] At first the public presumed that King had abandoned the project because sales were unsuccessful, but King later stated that he had simply run out of stories.[35] The unfinished epistolary novel is still available from King's official site, now free. Also in 2000, he wrote a digital novella, Riding the Bullet, and has said he sees e-books becoming 50% of the market "probably by 2013 and maybe by 2012". But he also warns: "Here's the thing—people tire of the new toys quickly."[36] In August 2003, King began writing a column on pop culture appearing in Entertainment Weekly, usually every third week. The column, called The Pop of King (a play on the nickname "The King of Pop" commonly attributed to Michael Jackson).[37] In 2006, King published an apocalyptic novel, Cell. The book features a sudden force in which every cell phone user turns into a mindless killer. King noted in the book's introduction that he does not use cell phones. In 2008, King published both a novel, Duma Key, and a collection, Just After Sunset. The latter featured 13 short stories, including a novella, N., which was later released as a serialized animated series that could be seen for free, or, for a small fee, could be downloaded in a higher quality; it then was adopted into a limited comic book series. In 2009, King published Ur, a novella written exclusively for the launch of the second-generation Amazon Kindle
Amazon Kindle
and available only on Amazon.com, and Throttle, a novella co-written with his son Joe Hill and released later as an audiobook titled Road Rage, which included Richard Matheson's short story "Duel". King's novel Under the Dome was published on November 10 of that year; it is a reworking of an unfinished novel he tried writing twice in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and at 1,074 pages, it is the largest novel he has written since It (1986). Under the Dome debuted at No. 1 in The New York Times Bestseller List.[38] On February 16, 2010, King announced on his website that his next book would be a collection of four previously unpublished novellas called Full Dark, No Stars. In April of that year, King published Blockade Billy, an original novella issued first by independent small press Cemetery Dance Publications
Cemetery Dance Publications
and later released in mass-market paperback by Simon & Schuster. The following month, DC Comics premiered American Vampire, a monthly comic book series written by King with short-story writer Scott Snyder, and illustrated by Rafael Albuquerque, which represents King's first original comics work.[39][40][41] King wrote the background history of the very first American vampire, Skinner Sweet, in the first five-issues story arc. Scott Snyder
Scott Snyder
wrote the story of Pearl.[42] King's next novel, 11/22/63, was published November 8, 2011,[43][44] and was nominated for the 2012 World Fantasy Award
World Fantasy Award
Best Novel.[45] The eighth Dark Tower volume, The Wind Through the Keyhole, was published in 2012.[46] King's next book was Joyland, a novel about "an amusement-park serial killer", according to an article in The Sunday Times, published on April 8, 2012.[47] It was followed by the sequel to The Shining (1977), titled Doctor Sleep, published in September 2013. During his Chancellor's Speaker Series talk at University of Massachusetts Lowell on December 7, 2012, King indicated that he was writing a crime novel about a retired policeman being taunted by a murderer. With a working title Mr. Mercedes
Mr. Mercedes
and inspired by a true event about a woman driving her car into a McDonald's restaurant, it was originally meant to be a short story just a few pages long.[48] In an interview with Parade, published May 26, 2013, King confirmed that the novel was "more or less" completed[49] he published it in June 2013. Later, on June 20, 2013, while doing a video chat with fans as part of promoting the upcoming Under the Dome TV series, King mentioned he was halfway through writing his next novel, Revival,[50] which was released November 11, 2014.[51] King announced in June 2014 that Mr. Mercedes
Mr. Mercedes
is part of a trilogy; the second book, Finders Keepers, was released on June 2, 2015. On April 22, 2015, it was revealed that King is currently working on the third book of the trilogy which name was later revealed to be End of Watch.[52][53] The book was released on June 7, 2016, and hit the top of the New York Times bestseller list. On November 3, 2015, King released his tenth collection of short stories, The Bazaar of Bad Dreams. The book was released to critical acclaim and commercial success. During a tour to promote End of Watch, King revealed that he had collaborated on a novel, set in a women's prison in West Virginia, with his son, Owen King to be titled Sleeping Beauties.[54] When the novel was released in October 2017, it reached the top of the New York Times Best Seller List. Collaborations Writings King has written two novels with horror novelist Peter Straub: The Talisman (1984) and a sequel, Black House (2001). King has indicated that he and Straub will likely write the third and concluding book in this series, the tale of Jack Sawyer, but has set no time for its completion. King produced an artist's book with designer Barbara Kruger, My Pretty Pony (1989), published in a limited edition of 250 by the Library Fellows of the Whitney Museum of American Art. Alfred A. Knopf released it in a general trade edition[55] and the short story was later included in King's collection Nightmares & Dreamscapes published in 1993. The Diary
Diary
of Ellen Rimbauer: My Life at Rose Red (2001) was a paperback tie-in for the King-penned miniseries Rose Red (2002). Published under anonymous authorship, the book was written by Ridley Pearson. The novel is written in the form of a diary by Ellen Rimbauer, and annotated by the fictional professor of paranormal activity, Joyce Reardon. The novel also presents a fictional afterword by Ellen Rimbauer's grandson, Steven. Intended to be a promotional item rather than a stand-alone work, its popularity spawned a 2003 prequel television miniseries to Rose Red, titled The Diary
Diary
of Ellen Rimbauer. This spin-off is a rare occasion of another author's being granted permission to write commercial work using characters and story elements invented by King. The novel tie-in idea was repeated on Stephen King's next project, the miniseries Kingdom Hospital. Richard Dooling, King's collaborator on Kingdom Hospital
Kingdom Hospital
and writer of several episodes in the miniseries, published a fictional diary, The Journals of Eleanor Druse, in 2004. Eleanor Druse is a key character in Kingdom Hospital, much as Dr. Joyce Readon and Ellen Rimbauer are key characters in Rose Red. King also wrote the nonfiction book, Faithful (2004), with novelist and fellow Red Sox fanatic Stewart O'Nan. Throttle (2009), a novella written in collaboration with his son Joe Hill, appears in the anthology He Is Legend: Celebrating Richard Matheson.[56] Their second novella collaboration, In the Tall Grass (2012), was published in two parts in Esquire.[57][58] It was later released in e-book and audiobook formats, the latter read by Stephen Lang.[59] Stephen King
Stephen King
and Richard Chizmar co-wrote Gwendy's Button Box
Gwendy's Button Box
which was released in May 2017 from Cemetery Dance Publications
Cemetery Dance Publications
(in trade hardcover format) and in audiobook from Simon & Schuster Audio (the audiobook has a bonus short story "The Music Room" which was originally published in Playboy). King and his son Owen King co-wrote the novel Sleeping Beauties, released in 2017, that is set in a women's prison.[60] Music King is a fan of the Ramones, to the extent that he wrote the liner notes for the 2003 Ramones
Ramones
tribute album We're a Happy Family.[61] He states that he agreed to write them because he "loved The Ramones
Ramones
from the first time (he) heard them".[62][63] Furthermore, King has referred to the band several times in his writing, both in his fiction and non-fiction.[64] Non-fiction references include a mention in King's book Danse Macabre where he calls the Ramones
Ramones
"an amusing punk-rock band that surfaced some four years ago".[65] He also wrote about them in On Writing, making reference to "dancing to the Ramones—gabba gabba hey" as one of the reasons he has maintained a good marriage.[19]:41 King included further Ramones
Ramones
references in his fictional work. He quotes the lyrics to the Ramones' debut single "Blitzkrieg Bop" in his novel Pet Sematary
Pet Sematary
on numerous occasions, as in the sentence "What is it the Ramones
Ramones
say? Hey-ho, let's go"![66] In The Dark Tower novel Wolves of the Calla
Wolves of the Calla
the Ramones
Ramones
get a further mention by the character Eddie Dean who states that "Roland stage-dives like Joey Ramone".[67] Critics have also noted the Ramones references. Entertainment Weekly, for example, in their review of Black House by King and Peter Straub, note that King's "trademark references" are in evidence, quoting Dee Dee Ramone.[68] In turn, the Ramones
Ramones
have referenced King on their song "It's Not My Place (In the 9 to 5 World)", from their Pleasant Dreams
Pleasant Dreams
album of 1981 in the line: " Ramones
Ramones
are hangin' out in Kokomo / Roger Corman's on a talk show / With Allan Arkush and Stephen King".[69] Further, Dee Dee Ramone
Dee Dee Ramone
wrote the song "Pet Sematary" in King's basement after King handed him a copy of the novel.[70] The song was eventually featured as the title song for the Pet Sematary
Pet Sematary
(1989) film and also appeared on the Ramones album Brain Drain (1989).[71] King is also a fan of hard rock such as AC/DC; he arranged for their album Who Made Who
Who Made Who
to feature as the score for the film he directed in 1986, Maximum Overdrive.[72] King has also stated that he likes heavy metal and has named bands like Anthrax, Judas Priest
Judas Priest
and Metallica
Metallica
as amongst his favourites to write to.[73] In 1988, the band Blue Öyster Cult recorded an updated version of its 1974 song "Astronomy". The single released for radio play featured a narrative intro spoken by King.[74][75] The Blue Öyster Cult
Blue Öyster Cult
song "(Don't Fear) The Reaper" was also used in the King TV series The Stand.[72] King collaborated with Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
to create Ghosts (1996), a 40-minute musical video.[76] King states he was motivated to collaborate as he is "always interested in trying something new, and for (him), writing a minimusical would be new".[77] In 2012 King collaborated with musician Shooter Jennings
Shooter Jennings
and his band Hierophant, providing the narration for their album, Black Ribbons.[78] King played guitar for the rock band Rock Bottom Remainders, several of whose members are authors. Other members include Dave Barry, Ridley Pearson, Scott Turow, Amy Tan, James McBride, Mitch Albom, Roy Blount, Jr., Matt Groening, Kathi Kamen Goldmark, Sam Barry, and Greg Iles. King and the other band members collaborated to release an e-book called Hard Listening: The Greatest Rock Band Ever (of Authors) Tells All (June 2013).[79][80] King wrote a musical play Ghost Brothers of Darkland County (2012) with musician John Mellencamp. Analysis Writing style

Stephen King
Stephen King
in 2011

King's formula for learning to write well is: "Read and write four to six hours a day. If you cannot find the time for that, you can't expect to become a good writer." He sets out each day with a quota of 2000 words and will not stop writing until it is met. He also has a simple definition for talent in writing: "If you wrote something for which someone sent you a check, if you cashed the check and it didn't bounce, and if you then paid the light bill with the money, I consider you talented."[81] Shortly after his accident, King wrote the first draft of the book Dreamcatcher with a notebook and a Waterman fountain pen, which he called "the world's finest word processor".[82] When asked why he writes, King responds: "The answer to that is fairly simple—there was nothing else I was made to do. I was made to write stories and I love to write stories. That's why I do it. I really can't imagine doing anything else and I can't imagine not doing what I do."[83] He is also often asked why he writes such terrifying stories and he answers with another question: "Why do you assume I have a choice?"[84] King usually begins the story creation process by imagining a "what if" scenario, such as what would happen if a writer is kidnapped by a sadistic nurse in Colorado.[85] King often uses authors as characters, or includes mention of fictional books in his stories, novellas and novels, such as Paul Sheldon who is the main character in Misery, adult Bill Denbrough in It, Ben Mears in Salem's Lot, and Jack Torrance in The Shining. He has extended this to breaking the fourth wall by including himself as a character in the Dark Tower series
Dark Tower series
from Wolves of the Calla
Wolves of the Calla
onwards. See also List of fictional books in the works of Stephen King for a complete list. In September 2009 it was announced he would serve as a writer for Fangoria.[86] Influences King has called Richard Matheson
Richard Matheson
"the author who influenced me most as a writer".[87] In a current edition of Matheson's The Shrinking Man, King is quoted: "A horror story if there ever was one...a great adventure story—it is certainly one of that select handful that I have given to people, envying them the experience of the first reading." Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
is another influence, with King himself stating "without Ray Bradbury, there is no Stephen King".[88] King refers to H. P. Lovecraft
H. P. Lovecraft
several times in Danse Macabre. "Gramma", a short story made into a film in the 1980s anthology horror show The New Twilight Zone, mentions Lovecraft's notorious fictional creation Necronomicon, also borrowing the names of a number of the fictional monsters mentioned therein. "I Know What You Need" from the 1976 collection Night Shift, and ' Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
also mention the tome. Despite this, in On Writing, King is critical of Lovecraft's dialogue-writing skills, using passages from "The Colour Out of Space" as particularly poor examples.[19]:143–4 There are also several examples of King's referring to Lovecraftian characters and settings in his work, such as Nyarlathotep
Nyarlathotep
and Yog-Sothoth. King acknowledges the influence of Bram Stoker, particularly on his novel Salem's Lot, which he envisioned as a retelling of Dracula.[89] Its related short story "Jerusalem's Lot" is reminiscent of Stoker's The Lair of the White Worm.[citation needed] He also gives Joseph Payne Brennan credit for being one of his inspirations; "Joseph Payne Brennan is one of the most effective writers in the horror genre, and he is certainly one of the writers I have patterned my own career upon; one of the writers whom I studied and with whom I kept school."[90] King's The Shining is immersed in gothic influences, including "The Masque of the Red Death" by Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe
(which was directly influenced by the first gothic novel, Horace Walpole's The Castle of Otranto).[91] The Overlook Hotel acts as a replacement for the traditional gothic castle, and Jack Torrance is a tragic villain seeking redemption.[91] King has also referred to author Shirley Jackson. Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
opens with a quotation from Jackson's The Haunting of Hill House, and a character in Wolves of the Calla
Wolves of the Calla
references the Jackson book We Have Always Lived in the Castle. King's book 11/22/63
11/22/63
mentions the Jackson story "The Summer People". King is a fan of John D. MacDonald, and dedicated the novella "Sun Dog" to MacDonald, saying "I miss you, old friend." For his part, MacDonald wrote an admiring preface to Night Shift, and even had his famous character, Travis McGee, reading Cujo in one of the last McGee novels and Pet Sematary
Pet Sematary
in the last McGee novel, The Lonely Silver Rain. In 1987, King's Philtrum Press published Don Robertson's novel The Ideal, Genuine Man. In his forenote to the novel, King wrote, "Don Robertson was and is one of the three writers who influenced me as a young man who was trying to 'become' a novelist (the other two being Richard Matheson
Richard Matheson
and John D. MacDonald)."[92] Robert A. Heinlein's book The Door into Summer is repeatedly mentioned in King's Wolves of the Calla (2003), as are several other works. Wolves of the Calla
Wolves of the Calla
is the King work in which The Dark Tower begins to follow a meta-fictional path. In an interview with King, published in the USA Weekend
USA Weekend
in March 2009, the author stated, "People look on writers that they like as an irreplaceable resource. I do. Elmore Leonard, every day I wake up and—not to be morbid or anything, although morbid is my life to a degree—don't see his obituary in the paper, I think to myself, "Great! He's probably working somewhere. He's gonna produce another book, and I'll have another book to read. Because when he's gone, there's nobody else."[93] King partly dedicated his book Cell to film director George Romero, and wrote an essay for the Elite DVD version of Night of the Living Dead. His favorite books are (in order): The Golden Argosy; Adventures of Huckleberry Finn; The Satanic Verses; McTeague; Lord of the Flies; Bleak House; Nineteen Eighty-Four; The Raj Quartet; Light in August; and Blood Meridian.[94] Critical response Although critical reaction to King's work has been mostly positive, he has occasionally come under fire from academic writers. Science fiction editors John Clute
John Clute
and Peter Nichols[95] offer a largely favorable appraisal of King, noting his "pungent prose, sharp ear for dialogue, disarmingly laid-back, frank style, along with his passionately fierce denunciation of human stupidity and cruelty (especially to children) [all of which rank] him among the more distinguished 'popular' writers." In his book The Philosophy of Horror (1990), Noël Carroll discusses King's work as an exemplar of modern horror fiction. Analyzing both the narrative structure of King's fiction and King's non-fiction ruminations on the art and craft of writing, Carroll writes that for King, "the horror story is always a contest between the normal and the abnormal such that the normal is reinstated and, therefore, affirmed."[96] In his analysis of post–World War II horror fiction, The Modern Weird Tale (2001), critic S. T. Joshi[97] devotes a chapter to King's work. Joshi argues that King's best-known works (his supernatural novels), are his worst, describing them as mostly bloated, illogical, maudlin and prone to deus ex machina endings. Despite these criticisms, Joshi argues that since Gerald's Game (1993), King has been tempering the worst of his writing faults, producing books that are leaner, more believable and generally better written. Joshi suggests that King's strengths as a writer include the accessible "everyman" quality of his prose, and his unfailingly insightful observations about the pains and joys of adolescence. Joshi cites two early non-supernatural novels—Rage (1977) and The Running Man (1982)—as King's best, suggesting both are riveting and well-constructed suspense thrillers, with believable characters. In 1996, King won an O. Henry Award for his short story "The Man in the Black Suit".[98] In his short story collection A Century of Great Suspense Stories, editor Jeffery Deaver
Jeffery Deaver
noted that King "singlehandedly made popular fiction grow up. While there were many good best-selling writers before him, King, more than anybody since John D. MacDonald, brought reality to genre novels. He has often remarked that ' Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
was "Peyton Place meets Dracula. And so it was. The rich characterization, the careful and caring social eye, the interplay of story line and character development announced that writers could take worn themes such as vampirism and make them fresh again. Before King, many popular writers found their efforts to make their books serious blue-penciled by their editors. 'Stuff like that gets in the way of the story,' they were told. Well, it's stuff like that that has made King so popular, and helped free the popular name from the shackles of simple genre writing. He is a master of masters."[99] In 2003, King was honored by the National Book
Book
Awards with a lifetime achievement award, the Medal of Distinguished Contribution to American Letters. Some in the literary community expressed disapproval of the award: Richard E. Snyder, the former CEO of Simon & Schuster, described King's work as "non-literature", and critic Harold Bloom denounced the choice:

The decision to give the National Book
Book
Foundation's annual award for "distinguished contribution" to Stephen King
Stephen King
is extraordinary, another low in the shocking process of dumbing down our cultural life. I've described King in the past as a writer of penny dreadfuls, but perhaps even that is too kind. He shares nothing with Edgar Allan Poe. What he is is an immensely inadequate writer on a sentence-by-sentence, paragraph-by-paragraph, book-by-book basis.[100]

However, others came to King's defense, such as writer Orson Scott Card, who responded:

Let me assure you that King's work most definitely is literature, because it was written to be published and is read with admiration. What Snyder really means is that it is not the literature preferred by the academic-literary elite.[101]

King himself later stated:

[Harold] Bloom never pissed me off because there are critics out there, and he's one of them, who take their ignorance about popular culture as a badge of intellectual prowess. He might be able to say that Mark Twain
Mark Twain
is a great writer, but it's impossible for him to say that there's a direct line of descent from, say, Nathaniel Hawthorne to Jim Thompson because he doesn't read guys like Thompson. He just thinks, "I never read him, but I know he's terrible."[102]

In Roger Ebert's review of the 2004 movie Secret Window, he stated, "A lot of people were outraged that [King] was honored at the National Book
Book
Awards, as if a popular writer could not be taken seriously. But after finding that his book On Writing had more useful and observant things to say about the craft than any book since Strunk and White's The Elements of Style, I have gotten over my own snobbery."[103] In 2008, King's book On Writing was ranked 21st on Entertainment Weekly list of "The New Classics: The 100 Best Reads from 1983 to 2008".[104] Appearances and adaptations in other media Main article: Media based on Stephen King
Stephen King
works King and his wife Tabitha own Zone Radio Corp, a radio station group consisting of WZON/620 AM,[105] WKIT-FM/100.3 & WZLO/103.1. King has stated that his favorite book-to-film adaptations are Stand by Me, The Shawshank Redemption, and The Mist.[106] King's first film appearance was in George Romero's Knightriders
Knightriders
as a buffoonish audience member. His first featured role was in Creepshow, in particular the segment "The Lonesome Death of Jordy Verrill" (King also having written the original story), where he plays the titular character. He has since made cameos in several adaptations of his works. He appeared in Pet Sematary
Pet Sematary
as a minister at a funeral, in Thinner as a pharmacist, in Rose Red as a pizza deliveryman, as a news reporter in The Storm of the Century, in The Stand
The Stand
as "Teddy Wieszack," in the Shining miniseries as a band member, in The Langoliers as Tom Holby; in Sleepwalkers as the cemetery caretaker and Golden Years as a bus driver. He has also appeared in Chappelle's Show and, along with fellow author Amy Tan, on The Simpsons as himself. In addition to acting, King tried his hand at directing with Maximum Overdrive, in which he also made a cameo appearance as a man using a malfunctioning ATM.[107] King had also been approached to appear in the 1985 Romero film Day of the Dead as a zombie. Although King declined due to scheduling conflicts, a copy of one of his works makes an appearance being held by the foremost zombie "Bub". King would once again work with Romero in 1993 when his work The Dark Half
The Dark Half
was filmed and directed by George Romero. King produced and acted in a television series, Kingdom Hospital, which is based on the Danish miniseries Riget
Riget
by Lars von Trier.[108] He also co-wrote The X-Files
The X-Files
season-5 episode "Chinga" with the creator of the series Chris Carter. King made an appearance as a contestant on Celebrity Jeopardy! in 1995, playing to benefit the Bangor Public Library. King provided the voice of Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
in the audiobook version of Assassination Vacation. In 2010, King appeared in a cameo role as a cleaner named Bachman (a reference to his pen name Richard Bachman) on the FX series Sons of Anarchy.[109] The Syfy
Syfy
TV series Haven is based on King's novella, The Colorado Kid.[110] Car accident and after effects On June 19, 1999, at about 4:30 p.m., King was walking on the shoulder of Maine
Maine
State Route 5, in Lovell, Maine. Driver Bryan Edwin Smith, distracted by an unrestrained dog moving in the back of his minivan, struck King, who landed in a depression in the ground about 14 feet (4 meters) from the pavement of Route 5.[19]:206 According to Oxford County Sheriff deputy Matt Baker, King was hit from behind and some witnesses said the driver was not speeding, reckless, or drinking.[111] In his book On Writing King states he was heading north, walking against the traffic. Shortly before the accident took place, a woman in a car also heading north passed first King and then the light blue Dodge van. The van was looping from one side of the road to the other and the woman told her passenger she hoped "that guy in the van doesn't hit him".[19]:206 King was conscious enough to give the deputy phone numbers to contact his family, but was in considerable pain. The author was first transported to Northern Cumberland Hospital in Bridgton and then flown by helicopter to Central Maine
Maine
Medical Center (CMMC) in Lewiston. His injuries—a collapsed right lung, multiple fractures of his right leg, scalp laceration and a broken hip—kept him at CMMC until July 9. His leg bones were so shattered that doctors initially considered amputating his leg, but stabilized the bones in the leg with an external fixator.[112] After five operations in ten days and physical therapy, King resumed work on On Writing in July, though his hip was still shattered and he could sit for only about forty minutes before the pain became unbearable.[19]:216 King's lawyer and two others purchased Smith's van for $1,500, reportedly to prevent it from appearing on eBay. The van was later crushed at a junkyard, much to King's disappointment, as he fantasized about smashing it up. King later mentioned during an interview with Fresh Air's Terry Gross
Terry Gross
that he wanted the vehicle destroyed at a charity event in which individuals would donate money for an opportunity to smash it with a sledgehammer.[113][114] During this time, Tabitha King was inspired to redesign his studio. King visited the space while his books and belongings were packed away. What he saw was an image of what his studio would look like if he died, providing a seed for his novel Lisey's Story
Lisey's Story
(2006).[115] In 2002, King announced he would stop writing, apparently motivated in part by frustration with his injuries, which had made sitting uncomfortable and reduced his stamina. He has since resumed writing, but states on his website:

I'm writing but I'm writing at a much slower pace than previously and I think that if I come up with something really, really good, I would be perfectly willing to publish it because that still feels like the final act of the creative process, publishing it so people can read it and you can get feedback and people can talk about it with each other and with you, the writer, but the force of my invention has slowed down a lot over the years and that's as it should be.[116]

Political activism In April 2008, King spoke out against HB 1423, a bill pending in the Massachusetts state legislature
Massachusetts state legislature
that would restrict or ban the sale of violent video games to anyone under the age of 18. Although King stated that he had no personal interest in video games as a hobby, he criticized the proposed law, which he sees as an attempt by politicians to scapegoat pop culture, and to act as surrogate parents to other peoples' children, which he asserted is usually "disastrous" and "undemocratic." He also saw the law as inconsistent, as it would forbid a 17-year-old, legally able to see Hostel: Part II, from buying or renting Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, which is violent but less graphic. While conceding that he saw no artistic merit in some violent video games, King also opined that such games reflect the violence that already exists in society, which would not be lessened by such a law, and would be redundant in light of the ratings system that already exists for video games. King argued that such laws allow legislators to ignore the economic divide between the rich and poor, and the easy availability of guns, which he felt were the more legitimate causes of violence.[117] Regarding video games, he later stated that he enjoys playing light gun shooter arcade games such as Time Crisis.[118] A controversy emerged on May 5, 2008, when Noel Sheppard posted a clip of King at a Library of Congress
Library of Congress
reading event on the website NewsBusters. King, talking to high-school students, had said: "If you can read, you can walk into a job later on. If you don't, then you've got the Army, Iraq, I don't know, something like that."[119] The comment was described by the blog as "another in a long line of liberal media members bashing the military," and likened to John Kerry's similar remark from 2006.[120] King responded later that day, saying, "That a right-wing-blog would impugn my patriotism because I said children should learn to read, and could get better jobs by doing so, is beneath contempt...I live in a national guard town, and I support our troops, but I don't support either the war or educational policies that limit the options of young men and women to any one career—military or otherwise." King again defended his comment in an interview with the Bangor Daily News
Bangor Daily News
on May 8, saying, "I'm not going to apologize for promoting that kids get better education in high school, so they have more options. Those that don't agree with what I'm saying, I'm not going to change their minds."[121] King later expressed regret for the remark, saying that he misspoke. He characterized the comment as originating from a "brain cramp", and the reality of no longer living in the world he grew up in, saying that during the Vietnam War, serving in the military was a great career for some, and for others, a sacrifice of two years of one's life. King added that he does believe that each person should be obligated to some type of government service or altruism.[122] King's website states that he is a supporter of the Democratic Party. During the 2008 presidential election, King voiced his support for Democratic candidate Barack Obama.[123] King was quoted as calling conservative commentator Glenn Beck
Glenn Beck
"Satan's mentally challenged younger brother."[124] On March 8, 2011, King spoke at a political rally in Sarasota aimed against Governor Rick Scott
Rick Scott
(R-FL), voicing his opposition to the Tea Party movement.[125] On April 30, 2012, King published an article in The Daily Beast calling for rich Americans, including himself, to pay more taxes, citing it as "a practical necessity and moral imperative that those who have received much should be obligated to pay ... in the same proportion".[126] On January 25, 2013, King published an essay titled "Guns" via Amazon.com's Kindle single
Kindle single
feature, which discusses the gun debate in the wake of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting. King called for gun owners to support a ban on automatic and semi-automatic weapons, writing, "Autos and semi-autos are weapons of mass destruction...When lunatics want to make war on the unarmed and unprepared, these are the weapons they use."[127][128] The essay became the fifth-bestselling non-fiction title for the Kindle.[129] King has publicly criticized Donald Trump
Donald Trump
and his 2016 presidential campaign for his controversial remarks critical of Mexican immigrants to the United States. On August 6, 2015, King posted on Twitter: "How's this for a Trump campaign slogan: IF YOU'RE WHITE, YOU'RE ALL RIGHT! ANY OTHER HUE, I DON'T TRUST YOU."[130][131][132][133] On June 5, 2016, King referred to Trump on Twitter
Twitter
as "a thin-skinned racist with the temperament of a 3-year-old."[134] Trump later blocked him on Twitter, with King responding: "I am hereby blocking him from seeing IT or Mr Mercedes. No clowns for you, Donald. Go float yourself."[6] Maine
Maine
politics King had endorsed Shenna Bellows
Shenna Bellows
in the 2014 U.S. Senate election for the seat held by Republican Susan Collins.[135] King is a public critic of Paul LePage, the Republican Governor of Maine, and has referred to LePage as one of the Three Stooges, along with Florida Governor Rick Scott
Rick Scott
and Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker.[125] He was critical of LePage for incorrectly suggesting in a weekly radio address on March 18, 2015, that King avoided paying Maine income taxes by living out of state for part of the year. The statement was later corrected by the Governor's office but no apology was issued. King said LePage was "full of the stuff that makes the grass grow green"[136] and demanded that LePage "man up and apologize".[137] LePage declined to apologize to King, stating "I never said Stephen King
Stephen King
did not pay income taxes. What I said was, Stephen King's not in Maine
Maine
right now. That's what I said."[138] LePage further told King that he should "make me the villain of your next book and I won't charge you royalties".[139] The attention garnered by the LePage criticism has led to efforts to encourage King to run for Governor of Maine
Maine
in 2018. Bangor city councilor Joe Baldacci
Joe Baldacci
posted on his Facebook page that he was starting a Draft Stephen King
Stephen King
effort, and Democratic State Rep. Diane Russell launched a petition drive to encourage King to run. His spokeswoman posted to Baldacci's Facebook comment that he would likely decline to run,[140] and King himself stated he would not run or serve on March 23 while still criticizing what he said was the "laziness that made him mad" about not checking his tax payments and that LePage had "a problem finding a comfortable pair of big-boy pants".[141] King sent a tweet on June 30, 2015, stating that LePage is "a terrible embarrassment to the state I live in and love. If he won't govern, he should resign." He later clarified that he was not calling on LePage to resign, but to "go to work or go back home".[142] On August 27, 2016, King sent another tweet about LePage, calling him "a bigot, a homophobe, and a racist".[143] Philanthropy King has stated that he donates approximately $4 million per year "to libraries, local fire departments that need updated lifesaving equipment ( Jaws of Life
Jaws of Life
tools are always a popular request), schools, and a scattering of organisations that underwrite the arts."[126][144] The Stephen and Tabitha King Foundation, chaired by the author and his wife, ranks 6th among Maine
Maine
charities in terms of average annual giving with over $2.8 million in grants per year, according to The Grantsmanship Center.[145] In November 2011, the STK Foundation donated $70,000 in matched funding via his radio station to help pay the heating bills for families in need in his home town of Bangor, Maine, during the winter.[146] Personal life

King's home in Bangor

King married Tabitha Spruce in 1971. She too is a novelist and philanthropic activist. The couple own and occupy three different houses: one in Bangor, Maine, one in Lovell, Maine, and for the winter a waterfront mansion located off the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
in Sarasota, Florida. The Kings have three children, a girl and two boys, and four grandchildren.[1] Their daughter Naomi is a Unitarian Universalist Church minister in Plantation, Florida, with her same-sex partner, Rev. Dr. Thandeka.[147] Both of the Kings' sons are authors: Owen King published his first collection of stories, We're All in This Together: A Novella and Stories, in 2005. Joseph Hillstrom King, who writes as Joe Hill, published a collection of short stories, 20th Century Ghosts, in 2005. His debut novel, Heart-Shaped Box (2007), was optioned by Warners Bros.[148] King's addictions to alcohol and other drugs were so serious during the 1980s that, as he acknowledged in On Writing in 2000, he can barely remember writing Cujo.[19]:73 Shortly after the novel's publication, King's family and friends staged an intervention, dumping on the rug in front of him evidence of his addictions taken from his office including beer cans, cigarette butts, grams of cocaine, Xanax, Valium, NyQuil, dextromethorphan (cough medicine) and marijuana. As King related in his memoir, he then sought help, quit all drugs (including alcohol) in the late 1980s, and has remained sober since.[19]:72 The first novel he wrote after becoming sober was Needful Things.[149] King is a fan of baseball, and of the Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
in particular; he frequently attends the team's home and away games, and occasionally mentions the team in his novels and stories. He helped coach his son Owen's Bangor West team to the Maine
Maine
Little League
Little League
Championship in 1989. He recounts this experience in the New Yorker essay "Head Down", which appears also in the collection Nightmares & Dreamscapes. In 1999, King wrote The Girl Who Loved Tom Gordon, featuring former Red Sox pitcher Tom Gordon
Tom Gordon
as the protagonist's imaginary companion. In 2004, King co-wrote a book titled Faithful: Two Diehard Boston Red Sox Fans Chronicle the Historic 2004 Season with Stewart O'Nan, recounting the authors' roller-coaster reaction to the Red Sox's 2004 season, a season culminating in the Sox winning the 2004 American League Championship Series and World Series.[150] In the 2005 film Fever Pitch, about an obsessive Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
fan, King tosses out the first pitch of the Sox's opening-day game. Awards Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Stephen King

Alex Awards 2009: Just After Sunset[151] American Library Association
American Library Association
Best Books for Young Adults

1978: 'Salem's Lot 1981: Firestarter

Balrog Awards 1980: Night Shift Black Quill Awards 2009: Duma Key Bram Stoker
Bram Stoker
Award

1987: Misery[152] 1990: Four Past Midnight[152] 1995: "Lunch at the Gotham Café"[152] 1996: The Green Mile[152] 1998: Bag of Bones[152] 2000: On Writing[152] 2000: "Riding the Bullet"[152] 2002: Lifetime Achievement Award[152] 2003: The Dark Tower V: Wolves of the Calla[152] 2006: Lisey's Story[152] 2008: Duma Key[152] 2008: Just After Sunset[152] 2010: Full Dark, No Stars[152] 2011: "Herman Wouk is Still Alive"[153] 2013: Doctor Sleep[154]

British Fantasy Award

1981: Special
Special
Award[155] 1982: Cujo[155] 1983: "The Breathing Method"[155] 1987: It[155] 1999: Bag of Bones[155] 2005: The Dark Tower VII: The Dark Tower[155]

Deutscher Phantastik Preis

2000: Hearts in Atlantis 2001: The Green Mile 2003: Black House 2004: International Author
Author
of the Year 2005: The Dark Tower VII: The Dark Tower

Edgar Award for Best Novel

2015: Mr. Mercedes

Horror Guild

1997: Desperation 2001: Riding the Bullet 2001: On Writing 2002: Black House 2003: From a Buick 8 2003: Everything's Eventual

Hugo Award
Hugo Award
1982: Danse Macabre[156] International Horror Guild Awards

1999: Storm of the Century[157] 2003: Living Legend[157]

Kono Mystery ga Sugoi! (The Best Translated Mystery Fiction of the Year in Japan)

2014: 11/22/63[158]

Los Angeles Times Book
Book
Prize

2011: 11/22/63[159]

Locus Awards

1982: Danse Macabre[160] 1986: Skeleton Crew[160] 1997: Desperation[160] 1999: Bag of Bones[160] 2001: On Writing[160]

Mystery Writers of America 2007: Grand Master Award[161] National Book Award 2003: Medal of Distinguished Contribution to American Letters[3] National Magazine Awards

2004: "Rest Stop" 2013: " Batman
Batman
and Robin Have an Altercation"[162]

New York Public Library Books for the Teen Age 1982: Firestarter O. Henry Award 1996: "The Man in the Black Suit" Quill Award 2005: Faithful Shirley Jackson
Shirley Jackson
Award 2009: "Morality"[163] Spokane Public Library Golden Pen Award 1986: Golden Pen Award University of Maine
University of Maine
1980: Alumni Career Award Us Magazine 1982: Best Fiction Writer of the Year World Fantasy Award

1980: Convention Award[164] 1982: "Do the Dead Sing?"[164] 1995: "The Man in the Black Suit"[164] 2004: Lifetime Achievement[164]

World Horror Convention 1992: World Horror Grandmaster[165]

Bibliography Main articles: Stephen King
Stephen King
bibliography, Stephen King
Stephen King
short fiction bibliography, and Unpublished and uncollected works by Stephen King See also

Book: Stephen King

Literature portal

Castle Rock (Stephen King) Charles Scribner's Sons
Charles Scribner's Sons
(aka Scribner) Derry (Stephen King) Dollar Baby Jerusalem's Lot (Stephen King)

References

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Finding Your Roots
(TV documentary)format= requires url= (help). PBS. September 23, 2014.  ^ "Donald Edwin King". geni.com.  ^ a b Ancestry of Stephen King
Stephen King
Archived October 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. at Genealogy.com. Retrieved August 3, 2010. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". StephenKing.com. Retrieved October 21, 2010.  ^ Flood, Allison (October 29, 2014). "Stephen King: 'Religion Is a Dangerous Tool... but I Choose to Believe God Exists'". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group.  ^ Beahm, George (1991). The Stephen King
Stephen King
Story: A Literary Profile. Andrews and McMeel. ISBN 0836279891.  ^ " Stephen King
Stephen King
– Meet the Writers (5:45 into the video)". YouTube. November 3, 2009. Retrieved November 14, 2011.  ^ Wood, Rocky; et al. (2006). Stephen King: Uncollected, Unpublished. Abingdon, Maryland: Cemetery Dance Publications. p. 199. ISBN 1-58767-130-1.  ^ "America's Most Creative Teens Named as National 2016 Scholastic Art & Writing Awards Recipients" (Press release). New York City: Scholastic Inc. March 14, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2017.  ^ a b Anstead, Alicia (January 23, 2008). "UM scholar Hatlen, mentor to Stephen King, dies at 71". Bangor Daily News. Archived from the original on March 2, 2008.  ^ Klein, T.E.D. (June 1983). "Cone fever . ." Rod Serling's The Twilight Zone Magazine. 3 (2): 6.  ^ Adams, Tim (September 14, 2000). "The Stephen King
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interview, uncut and unpublished". The Guardian. Retrieved September 17, 2012.  ^ a b c d e f g h i King, Stephen (2000). On Writing: A Memoir. London (UK): Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-76996-3.  ^ Konstantin, Phil. "An Interview with Stephen King" Archived April 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., americanindian.net. Retrieved January 19, 2011. ^ "The Author". stephenking.com. Retrieved September 17, 2012.  ^ " Stephen King
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at The Comic Book
Book
Database". Comicbookdb.com. Retrieved September 12, 2010.  ^ "Heroes for Hope". Comic Book
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Database. Retrieved September 12, 2010.  ^ " Batman
Batman
No. 400". Comic Book
Book
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Batman
celebrated the 400th issue of his self-titled comic with a blockbuster featuring dozens of famous comic book creators and... with an introduction by novelist Stephen King. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ King, Stephen. " Stephen King
Stephen King
FAQ: "Why did you write books as Richard Bachman?"". StephenKing.com. Archived from the original on November 15, 2006. Retrieved December 13, 2006.  ^ Newton, Steve (January 13, 2009). " Bachman-Turner Overdrive
Bachman-Turner Overdrive
founder searched for Stephen King". Straight.com. Retrieved September 20, 2011.  ^ Brown, Steve. ' Richard Bachman Exposed'. Lilja's Library: The World of Stephen King. Retrieved December 27, 2008. ^ 'Blaze – Book
Book
Summary'. Simon & Schuster. Retrieved January 10, 2009. ^ Beahm, George (2015). The Stephen King
Stephen King
companion: forty years of fear from the master of horror. New York: Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin's Griffin. pp. 118–119. ISBN 9781466856684.  ^ Beahm, George (1998). Stephen King
Stephen King
from A to Z: An Encyclopedia of His Life and Work. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 75. ISBN 978-0836269147.  ^ "'Charlie the Choo-Choo': 'The Dark Tower' fans seek Stephen King storybook that isn't real". July 22, 2016.  ^ "Lilja's". liljas-library.com.  ^ Verton, Dan (January 8, 2001). "Barnes & Noble Takes Popular Literature Digital". Computerworld. p. 14.  ^ "Stephen King's Net Horror Story". Slashdot. December 4, 2000. Retrieved September 12, 2010.  ^ Minzesheimer, Bob (October 20, 2010). "More bibliophiles get on the same page with digital readers". USA Today.  ^ King, Stephen (February 1, 2007). "The Pop of King: The Tao of Steve". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 12, 2010.  ^ Schuessler, Jennifer (November 29, 2009). "Best Sellers – The New York Times". Retrieved March 20, 2011.  ^ Mullin, Pamela (October 25, 2009). "SCOTT SNYDER and STEPHEN KING to write a new horror comic book series, AMERICAN VAMPIRE". Vertigo.blog.dccomics.com. Retrieved September 12, 2010.  ^ Rogers, Vaneta (October 26, 2009). " Stephen King
Stephen King
Brings an American Vampire Tale to Vertigo". Newsarama. Archived from the original on October 28, 2009. Retrieved April 1, 2012.  ^ Rogers, Vaneta. " Rafael Albuquerque Talks American Vampire, Stephen King", Newsarama, October 29, 2010 ^ Cowsill, Alan "2000s" in Dolan, p. 340: "The first five double-sized issues consisted of two stories, illustrated by Rafael Albuquerque. Scott Snyder
Scott Snyder
wrote each issue's lead feature, and Stephen King
Stephen King
wrote the back-up tales." ^ 11/22/63. Amazon.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. ^ King, Stephen. "Stephen King's 11/22/63". stephenking.com. Retrieved March 11, 2011. ^ " World Fantasy Award
World Fantasy Award
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Stephen King
@Sephen King". @Stephen King. Stephen King
Stephen King
via Twitter. Retrieved 11 June 2014.  ^ McClurg, Jocelyn (10 June 2015). " Stephen King
Stephen King
rules at No. 1".  ^ "Sleeping Beauties; A New Book
Book
By Stephen & Owen King Due In 2017". June 14, 2016.  ^ "The Collection Barbara Kruger. My Pretty Pony. 1988". MoMA. Retrieved September 10, 2012.  ^ "Gauntlet Press website, forthcoming titles". Gauntletpress.com. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved September 12, 2010.  ^ "June/July 2012 Contents". Esquire. May 22, 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2014.  ^ "August 2012 Contents". Esquire. July 3, 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2014.  ^ King, Stephen; Hill, Joe; Lang, Stephen (October 9, 2012). "In the Tall Grass". Simon & Schuster Audio – via Amazon.  ^ Thurman, Trace. " Stephen King
Stephen King
Turns 69 Today!". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved 6 January 2017.  ^ King, Stephen (17 January 2005). " Stephen King
Stephen King
on pop music". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ D'Angelo, Joe. "Rob Zombie Finalizes Ramones
Ramones
Tribute With Last-Minute Adds". MTV. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ Wood, Rocky (2008). Stephen King: The Non-Fiction. Cemetery Dance. ISBN 1-58767-160-3.  ^ Nissim, Mayer (15 April 2011). "Joey Ramone: Six rare videos". Digital Spy. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ King, Stephen (1981). Danse Macabre. London
London
(UK): Futura. p. 93. ISBN 0-7088-2181-2.  ^ King, Stephen (1983). Pet Sematary. London
London
(UK): Hodder & Stoughton. p. 247. ISBN 0-450-05769-0.  ^ King, Stephen (2003). Wolves of the Calla. London
London
(UK): Hodder & Stoughton. p. 203. ISBN 0-340-82715-7.  ^ Fretts, Bruce (17 January 2015). "Black House". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 30 April 2015.  ^ "It's Not My Place (in The 9 To 5 World) lyrics". MetroLyrics. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ Young, Royal (7 January 2015). "Marky Ramone on drugs, cursing out Sting and writing a song in Stephen King's basement". New York Post. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ Mason, Stewart. "The Ramones
Ramones
Pet Sematary". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ a b Ives, Brian (13 June 2013). "Inside The Music Of Stephen King's 'Under The Dome' Miniseries". radio.com. CBS. Retrieved 30 April 2015.  ^ Parker, James (12 April 2011). " Stephen King
Stephen King
on the Creative Process, the State of Fiction, and More". The Atlantic. Retrieved 30 April 2015.  ^ Gregmar, Bolle. "Complete Blue Öyster Cult
Blue Öyster Cult
Discography" (PDF). Blue Öyster Cult. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 28, 2007. Retrieved July 14, 2008.  ^ Knopper, Steve (26 October 2012). "Blue Oyster Cult's 40th anniversary CD". Newsday. Retrieved 30 April 2015.  ^ Adams, Michael (14 July 2009). "The Cold Case: Director Mick Garris on Michael Jackson's Forgotten Ghosts". Movieline. Retrieved 30 April 2015.  ^ King, Stephen (17 January 2015). "Memories of Michael Jackson". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 30 April 2015.  ^ Lewis, Randy (February 27, 2010). " Shooter Jennings
Shooter Jennings
and Stephen King team for 'Black Ribbons'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 5, 2012.  ^ Domonoske, Camila (June 17, 2013). "Digital Scrapbook Collects Rock-Star Authors' Memories". NPR. Retrieved October 20, 2013.  ^ Crowder, Courtney (July 12, 2013). "The Rock Bottom Remainders rock out in 'Hard Listening'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 20, 2013.  ^ Everything You Need to Know About Writing Successfully—in Ten Minutes ^ King, Stephen (2001). Dreamcatcher. Scribner. ISBN 0-7432-1138-3.  ^ "Stephen King's official site". Archived from the original on May 9, 2007. Retrieved May 14, 2007.  ^ King, Stephen (1976). Night Shift. xii: Doubleday. p. 336.  ^ Jenna Blum, 2013, The Modern Scholar published by Recorded Books, The Author
Author
at Work: The Art of Writing Fiction, Disk 1, Track 11, ISBN 978-1-4703-8437-1 ^ Stephen King
Stephen King
writes for FANGORIA! Archived September 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Bricken, Rob (24 June 2013). "R.I.P. Richard Matheson, Author
Author
of I Am Legend and Many Other Classics". io9. Retrieved 30 April 2015.  ^ Stayton, Richard. "Ray Bradbury: A Lion at 90, 91, 92..." The Writer's Guild of America. Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2012.  ^ King, Stephen. 'Salem's Lot: Inspiration, stephenking.com. Retrieved March 11, 2011. ^ Spignesi, Stephen J. (Aug 4, 2010). The Essential Stephen King: A Ranking of the Greatest Novels, Short Stories. Movies, and Other Creations of the World's Most Popular Writer. New Page Books. p. 312. Archived at Google Books. Retrieved September 22, 2013. ^ a b "The Castle of Otranto: The creepy tale that launched gothic fiction". BBC. Retrieved October 11, 2017 ^ Robertson, Don (1987). The Ideal, Genuine Man. Bangor, ME: Philtrum Press. viiI.  ^ "Exclusive: Stephen King
Stephen King
on J.K. Rowling, Stephenie Meyer" ^ "Stephen King's Top Ten List (2007)".  ^ Clute, John and Peter Nichols. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 1993. ISBN 0-312-09618-6 ^ Carroll, Noël (1990) The Philosophy of Horror, or, Paradoxes of the Heart. NY: Routledge, 0-415-90145-6 ^ Joshi, S.T, The Modern Weird Tale: A Critique of Horror Fiction, McFarland & Company, 2001, ISBN 978-0-7864-0986-0 ^ "Past Winners List". The PEN/O. Henry Prize Stories. Retrieved May 31, 2012. ^ Jeffrey Deaver, ed. (2001). A Century of Great Suspense Stories. Berkley Hardcover. p. 290. ISBN 0-425-18192-8.  ^ Bloom, Harold (September 24, 2003). " Dumbing down American readers". Boston Globe.  ^ "Yummi Bears, Lions, Boomtown, Mayer, and King – Uncle Orson Reviews Everything". Hatrack.com. Retrieved September 12, 2010.  ^ "Stephen King: The Rolling Stone Interview". Hatrack.com. Retrieved April 21, 2017.  ^ "Secret Window". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved September 12, 2010.  ^ "The New Classics: Books EW 1000: Books The EW 1000". Entertainment Weekly. June 27, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2010.  ^ McCrea, Nick. (August 23, 2001), " Stephen King
Stephen King
announces new radio show, hopes it will 'burn some feet'". Bangor Daily News ^ Matt Lauer interview of King on The Today Show, YouTube, February 8, 2008 ^ "The Cocaine-Fueled Acting Cameos Of Stephen King". Cracked.com. Retrieved 2017-09-26.  ^ Lowry, Brian (2004-02-29). "Review: 'Stephen King's Kingdom Hospital'". Variety. Retrieved 2017-09-26.  ^ Morrison, Sara (May 7, 2010). " Stephen King
Stephen King
guests on Sons of Anarchy for season three". Monsters and Critics. Archived from the original on August 26, 2010.  ^ About page for Syfy's Haven. ^ "King's accident". Lijia's Library. Archived from the original on March 7, 2005. Retrieved 2014-12-03.  ^ Rogak, Lisa. Haunted heart: The Life and Times of Stephen King
Stephen King
at Google Books. Retrieved September 27, 2010. ^ "Novelist Stephen King" Fresh Air; NPR
NPR
June 22, 2001 ^ Dubner, Stephen J. "What's Stephen King
Stephen King
Trying to Prove?" The New York Times, August 13, 2000 ^ "Origin of Stephen King's novel, LISEY'S STORY". YouTube. December 1, 2006.  ^ "The Official FAQ: Is it true that you have retired?". StephenKing.com. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved March 4, 2008.  ^ King, Stephen; "Videogame Lunacy"; "The Pop of King" Entertainment Weekly; April 11, 2008. ^ King, Stephen (September 8, 2008). " Book
Book
Review: The Hunger Games". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 26, 2010.  ^ "Discussion on Writing with Stephen King". C-spanarchives.org. Archived from the original on May 18, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2010.  ^ Sheppard, Noel (May 5, 2008). "Writer Stephen King: If You Can't Read, You'll End Up in the Army or Iraq". News Busters.  ^ " Stephen King
Stephen King
fires back after blogger's criticism" Archived July 30, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Portland Press Herald. March 17, 2010. ^ "What Stephen King
Stephen King
wishes he never said". The Huffington Post. Retrieved December 10, 2014. ^ "Earth Times: show/175900,stephen-king-backing-barack-obama.html". July 29, 2012. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012.  ^ Von Drehle, David (September 17, 2009). "Mad Man: Is Glenn Beck
Glenn Beck
Bad for America?". Time.  ^ a b Bershad, Jon. " Stephen King
Stephen King
Speaks At Budget Cut Protest, Says Florida Governor Should Star In His Next Horror Novel", Mediaite, March 9, 2011 ^ a b King, Stephen (March 21, 2011). "Stephen King: Tax Me, for F@%&'s Sake!". The Daily Beast. Retrieved May 1, 2012.  ^ Carroll, Rory (January 25, 2013). " Stephen King
Stephen King
risks wrath of NRA by releasing pro-gun control essay". The Guardian.  ^ King, Stephen (February 1, 2013). "Stephen King: why the US must introduce limited gun controls". The Guardian.  ^ Samuel, Benjamin (February 14, 2013). "Why Stephen King
Stephen King
was wrong to publish 'Guns' as a Kindle Single". Daily News. ^ Berenson, Tessa (6 August 2015). " Stephen King
Stephen King
Has Written a Campaign Slogan for Donald Trump". Time. Retrieved 30 August 2015.  ^ Ciras, Heather (6 August 2015). " Stephen King
Stephen King
tweets 'new campaign slogan' for Donald Trump". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 30 August 2015.  ^ Shorr, Chris (6 August 2015). " Stephen King
Stephen King
proposes campaign slogan for Donald Trump". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved 30 August 2015.  ^ " Stephen King
Stephen King
Bashes Trump on Twitter". KGAN. 6 August 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2015.  ^ " Stephen King
Stephen King
on new novel "End of Watch," thoughts on Donald Trump". CBS
CBS
News. 7 June 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016.  ^ King, Stephen (May 30, 2014). "For this lifetime Mainer, Bellows is the clear choice". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved May 30, 2014.  ^ Mistler, Steve (March 20, 2015). " Stephen King
Stephen King
calls out LePage on erroneous tax statements". Kennebec Journal. Retrieved March 23, 2015.  ^ Mistler, Steve (March 20, 2015). "King to LePage: 'Man up and apologize'". Kennebec Journal. Retrieved March 23, 2015.  ^ Mistler, Steve (March 26, 2015). "LePage crashes local budget forum, denies saying Stephen King
Stephen King
doesn't pay taxes". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved March 26, 2015.  ^ Collins, Steve (March 26, 2015). "Talking taxes: Maine's governor talks tough on taxes in Bristo". The Bristol Press. Archived from the original on March 24, 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2015.  ^ Cousins, Christopher (March 23, 2015). " Stephen King
Stephen King
for governor: Horror story or best seller?". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved March 15, 2015.  ^ Cousins, Christopher (March 23, 2015). "UPDATE: King continues attack on LePage, says 'I will not run' for governor". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved March 24, 2015.  ^ Rhoda, Erin (July 1, 2015). " Stephen King
Stephen King
joins call for LePage to resign". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved July 1, 2015.  ^ DeCosta-Klipa, Nik (August 28, 2016). "Maine's Stephen King
Stephen King
says Gov. Paul LePage
Paul LePage
'is a bigot, a homophobe, and a racist'". Boston.com.  ^ Flood, Alison (1 May 2012). "Stephen King: I'm rich, tax me". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 March 2015.  ^ "Top Giving Foundations: ME". The Grantsmanship Center. Retrieved 30 March 2015.  ^ Flood, Alison (November 10, 2011). " Stephen King
Stephen King
to donate $70,000 to heat Maine
Maine
homes". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved May 1, 2012.  ^ "River of Grass Ministry". Archived from the original on May 2, 2010. Retrieved April 5, 2009.  ^ "Jordan will build 'Box' for Warners". Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007.  ^ "Stephen King, The Art of Fiction No. 189". The Paris Review. Retrieved June 21, 2012.  ^ "2004 Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
Statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved June 13, 2007.  ^ Alex Awards Archived April 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., American Library Association. Retrieved April 13, 2011. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Bram Stoker
Bram Stoker
Awards Archived January 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., Horror Writer's Association. Retrieved April 13, 2011. ^ "Horror Writers Association Blog » Blog Archive » 2011 Bram Stoker
Bram Stoker
Award™ winners and Vampire Novel of the Century Award winner". Horror.org. April 1, 2012. Retrieved April 14, 2012.  ^ "The Winners of the 2013 Bram Stoker
Bram Stoker
Awards". Horror Writers Association. May 11, 2014. ^ a b c d e f British Fantasy Society Awards, Fantastic Fiction. Retrieved March 11, 2011. ^ "1982 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on May 7, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2010.  ^ a b International Horror Guild Awards Archived September 5, 2014, at WebCite, International Horror Guild. Retrieved April 13, 2011. ^ Kono Mystery ga Sugoi! 2014 (in Japanese). Takarajimasha. December 2013. ISBN 978-4-8002-2039-4.  ^ " Book
Book
Prizes – Los Angeles Times Festival of Books". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 1, 2012.  ^ a b c d e Locus Awards Archived February 28, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., Locus Magazine. Retrieved April 13, 2011. ^ King, Stephen. Full Dark, No Stars
Full Dark, No Stars
ISBN 978-1-4391-9256-6 ^ " National Magazine Awards
National Magazine Awards
2013 Winners Announced" (Press release). American Society of Magazine Editors (ASME). May 2, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2013.  ^ "The Shirley Jackson
Shirley Jackson
Awards Website". Shirleyjacksonawards.org. Archived from the original on July 31, 2012. Retrieved April 14, 2012.  ^ a b c d "World Fantasy Awards – Complete Listing". Worldfantasy.org. Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. Retrieved April 14, 2012.  ^ "Past WHCs". World Horror Convention. Retrieved April 14, 2012. 

Further reading See also: Books about Stephen King

Brooks, Justin (2008). Stephen King: A Primary Bibliography of the World's Most Popular Author. Cemetery Dance. ISBN 1-58767-153-0.  Collings, Michael R. (1985). The Many Facets of Stephen King. Starmont House. ISBN 0-930261-14-3.  Collings, Michael R.; David A. Engebretson (1985). The Shorter Works of Stephen King. Starmont House. ISBN 0-930261-02-X.  Collings, Michael R. (1985). Stephen King
Stephen King
as Richard Bachman. Starmont House. ISBN 0-930261-00-3.  Collings, Michael R. (1986). The Films of Stephen King. Starmont House. ISBN 0-930261-10-0.  Collings, Michael R. (1986). The Annotated Guide to Stephen King: A Primary and Secondary Bibliography of the Works of America's Premier Horror Writer. Starmont House. ISBN 0-930261-80-1.  Collings, Michael R. (1987). The Stephen King
Stephen King
Phenomenon. Starmont House. ISBN 0-930261-12-7.  Collings, Michael R. (2003). Horror Plum'd: An International Stephen King Bibliography and Guide 1960–2000. Overlook Connection Press. ISBN 1-892950-45-6.  Collings, Michael R. (2008). Stephen King
Stephen King
Is Richard Bachman. Overlook Connection Press. ISBN 1-892950-74-X.  Hoppenstand, Gary, ed. (2010). Stephen King. Salem Press. ISBN 978-1-58765-685-9.  Spignesi, Stephen (1991). The Complete Stephen King
Stephen King
Encyclopedia. Contemporary Books. ISBN 978-0-8092-3818-7.  Spignesi, Stephen (1998). The Lost Work of Stephen King. Birch Lane Press. ISBN 978-1-55972-469-2.  Spignesi, Stephen (2001). The Essential Stephen King. Career Press. ISBN 978-1-56414-710-3.  Wood, Rocky; David Rawsthorne; Norma Blackburn. The Complete Guide to the Works of Stephen King. Kanrock Partners. ISBN 0-9750593-3-5.  Wood, Rocky (2006). Stephen King: Uncollected, Unpublished. Cemetery Dance. ISBN 1-58767-130-1.  Wood, Rocky; Justin Brooks. The Stephen King
Stephen King
Collector's Guide. Kanrock Partners. ISBN 978-0-9750593-5-7.  Wood, Rocky; Justin Brooks (2008). Stephen King: The Non-Fiction. Cemetery Dance. ISBN 1-58767-160-3. 

External links

Library resources about Stephen King

Resources in your library Resources in other libraries

By Stephen King

Resources in your library Resources in other libraries

Find more aboutStephen Kingat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Quotations from Wikiquote Data from Wikidata

Official website Stephen King
Stephen King
on Twitter Working with the King – Shotsmag Ezine Interview with Philippa Pride, King's UK editor Working with the King – Shotsmag Ezine Interview with Philippa Pride, King's UK editor Works by or about Stephen King
Stephen King
in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog) Stephen King
Stephen King
at the Internet
Internet
Speculative Fiction Database Stephen King
Stephen King
at the Internet
Internet
Book
Book
List Stephen King
Stephen King
on IMDb Appearances on C-SPAN Lehmann-Haupt, Christopher; Rich, Nathaniel (Fall 2006). "Stephen King, The Art of Fiction No. 189". The Paris Review. 

v t e

Stephen King

Bibliography Short fiction Unpublished and uncollected Awards and nominations

Novels

Carrie (1974) ' Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
(1975) The Shining (1977) The Stand
The Stand
(1978) The Dead Zone (1979) Firestarter (1980) Cujo
Cujo
(1981) Christine (1983) Pet Sematary
Pet Sematary
(1983) Cycle of the Werewolf
Cycle of the Werewolf
(1983) The Talisman (1984) It (1986) The Eyes of the Dragon
The Eyes of the Dragon
(1987) Misery (1987) The Tommyknockers (1987) The Dark Half
The Dark Half
(1989) Needful Things
Needful Things
(1991) Gerald's Game (1992) Dolores Claiborne
Dolores Claiborne
(1992) Insomnia (1994) Rose Madder (1995) The Green Mile (1996) Desperation (1996) Bag of Bones
Bag of Bones
(1998) The Girl Who Loved Tom Gordon
The Girl Who Loved Tom Gordon
(1999) The Plant
The Plant
(2000; unfinished) Dreamcatcher (2001) Black House (2001) From a Buick 8
From a Buick 8
(2002) The Colorado Kid
The Colorado Kid
(2005) Cell (2006) Lisey's Story
Lisey's Story
(2006) Duma Key
Duma Key
(2008) Under the Dome (2009) 11/22/63
11/22/63
(2011) Joyland (2013) Doctor Sleep (2013) Mr. Mercedes
Mr. Mercedes
(2014) Revival (2014) Finders Keepers (2015) End of Watch (2016) Gwendy's Button Box
Gwendy's Button Box
(2017) Sleeping Beauties (2017) The Outsider (2018) Elevation (2018)

The Dark Tower series

The Gunslinger (1982) The Drawing of the Three (1987) The Waste Lands (1991) Wizard and Glass (1997) Wolves of the Calla
Wolves of the Calla
(2003) Song of Susannah (2004) The Dark Tower (2004) The Wind Through the Keyhole (2012)

Richard Bachman novels

Rage (1977) The Long Walk
The Long Walk
(1979) Roadwork
Roadwork
(1981) The Running Man (1982) Thinner (1984) The Bachman Books (1985) The Regulators (1996) Blaze (2007)

Short fiction collections

Night Shift (1978) Different Seasons
Different Seasons
(1982) Skeleton Crew (1985) Four past Midnight
Four past Midnight
(1990) Nightmares & Dreamscapes (1993) Hearts in Atlantis
Hearts in Atlantis
(1999) Everything's Eventual
Everything's Eventual
(2002) Just After Sunset
Just After Sunset
(2008) Full Dark, No Stars
Full Dark, No Stars
(2010) The Bazaar of Bad Dreams
The Bazaar of Bad Dreams
(2015)

Non-fiction

Danse Macabre (1981) Nightmares in the Sky
Nightmares in the Sky
(1988) On Writing (2000) Secret Windows
Secret Windows
(2000) Faithful (2004) "Guns" (2013)

Screenplays

Creepshow
Creepshow
(1982) Cat's Eye (1985) Silver Bullet (1985) Maximum Overdrive
Maximum Overdrive
(1986; also director) Pet Sematary
Pet Sematary
(1989) Sleepwalkers (1992) A Good Marriage (2014) Cell (2016)

Teleplays

"Sorry, Right Number" (1987) Golden Years (1991) The Stand
The Stand
(1994) The Shining (1997) "Chinga" (1998) Storm of the Century
Storm of the Century
(1999) Rose Red (2002) Kingdom Hospital
Kingdom Hospital
(2004) Desperation (2006) "Heads Will Roll" (2014)

Comics

Heroes for Hope
Heroes for Hope
(1985) American Vampire
American Vampire
(2010)

Musical collaborations

Michael Jackson's Ghosts
Michael Jackson's Ghosts
(1997) Black Ribbons
Black Ribbons
(2010) Ghost Brothers of Darkland County
Ghost Brothers of Darkland County
(2012)

Anthologies edited

The Best American Short Stories 2007
The Best American Short Stories 2007
(2007) Six Scary Stories
Six Scary Stories
(2016)

Worlds and concepts

Fictional locations of Maine

Jerusalem's Lot Castle Rock Derry

Fictional books Multiverse

All-World

Dollar Baby

Related articles

List of adaptations Books about Stephen King Rock Bottom Remainders Philtrum Press Six Stories Stephen King
Stephen King
Goes to the Movies Charlie the Choo-Choo Hearts in Suspension Tabitha King Joe Hill Owen King

Book Category

Associated subjects

v t e

The Dark Tower series by Stephen King

Novels

The Gunslinger The Drawing of the Three The Waste Lands Wizard and Glass Wolves of the Calla Song of Susannah The Dark Tower The Wind Through the Keyhole

Short stories

"The Gunslinger" "The Way Station" "The Oracle and the Mountains" "The Slow Mutants" "The Gunslinger and the Dark Man" "The Little Sisters of Eluria"

Comics

The Gunslinger Born The Long Road Home Treachery The Sorcerer Fall of Gilead Battle of Jericho Hill The Journey Begins The Little Sisters of Eluria

Characters

Roland Deschain Father Callahan Randall Flagg Crimson King

Related books

'Salem's Lot The Stand The Talisman Skeleton Crew It The Eyes of the Dragon Insomnia Rose Madder Desperation The Regulators Bag of Bones Hearts in Atlantis Black House Everything's Eventual From a Buick 8 Charlie the Choo-Choo

Other

All-World Multiverse Film

v t e

Stephen King's Creepshow

Films

Creepshow

"Weeds" "The Crate"

Creepshow
Creepshow
2

"The Raft"

Creepshow
Creepshow
3

Comics

Creepshow

Related

Tales from the Darkside
Tales from the Darkside
(TV series) Monsters (TV series) Tales from the Darkside: The Movie

v t e

Stephen King's Carrie

Novel

Carrie (1974)

Films

Carrie (1976) The Rage: Carrie 2 (1999) Carrie (2002) Carrie (2013)

Musical

Carrie: The Musical (1988) Scarrie! The Musical (1998)

Characters

Carrie White Margaret White Sue Snell Rita Desjardin

v t e

Adaptations of works by Stephen King

Films

The Shining (1980) Cujo
Cujo
(1983) The Dead Zone (1983) Christine (1983) Cat's Eye (1985) Silver Bullet (1985) The Running Man (1987) Tales from the Darkside: The Movie (1990) Graveyard Shift (1990) Misery (1990) Sleepwalkers (1992) Needful Things
Needful Things
(1993) The Dark Half
The Dark Half
(1993) Dolores Claiborne
Dolores Claiborne
(1995) Thinner (1996) The Night Flier (1997) The Green Mile (1999) Hearts in Atlantis
Hearts in Atlantis
(2001) Dreamcatcher (2003) Secret Window
Secret Window
(2004) Riding the Bullet
Riding the Bullet
(2004) 1408 (2007) The Mist
The Mist
(2007) Dolan's Cadillac (2009) A Good Marriage (2014) Mercy (2014) Cell (2016) The Dark Tower (2017) Gerald's Game (2017) 1922 (2017)

Carrie

Carrie (1976) The Rage: Carrie 2 (1999) Carrie (2002) Carrie (2013)

Creepshow

Creepshow
Creepshow
(1982) Creepshow
Creepshow
2 (1987) Creepshow
Creepshow
3 (2007)

Children of the Corn

Disciples of the Crow (1983) Children of the Corn (1984) The Final Sacrifice (1992) Urban Harvest (1995) The Gathering (1996) Fields of Terror (1998) Isaac's Return (1999) Revelation (2001) Children of the Corn (2009) Genesis (2011) Runaway (2018)

Different Seasons

Stand by Me (1986) The Shawshank Redemption
The Shawshank Redemption
(1994) Apt Pupil (1998)

Firestarter

Firestarter (1984) Rekindled (2002)

Trucks

Maximum Overdrive
Maximum Overdrive
(1986) Trucks (1997)

Pet Sematary

Pet Sematary
Pet Sematary
(1989) Pet Sematary
Pet Sematary
Two (1992)

The Mangler

The Mangler (1995) The Mangler 2
The Mangler 2
(2002) The Mangler Reborn (2005)

The Lawnmower Man

The Lawnmower Man (1992) Beyond Cyberspace (1996)

It

It (2017) It: Chapter Two (2019)

TV films, episodes, and miniseries

"Gramma" (1986) "Sorry, Right Number" (1987) It (1990) Golden Years (1991) The Tommyknockers (1993) The Stand
The Stand
(1994) The Langoliers (1995) The Shining (1997) Quicksilver Highway
Quicksilver Highway
(1997) "The Revelations of 'Becka Paulson" (1997) Storm of the Century
Storm of the Century
(1999) Stephen King's Desperation (2006) Nightmares & Dreamscapes: From the Stories of Stephen King
Stephen King
(2006) Bag of Bones
Bag of Bones
(2011) Big Driver (2014)

Salem's Lot

Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
(1979) A Return to Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
(1987) Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
(2004)

Sometimes They Come Back

Sometimes They Come Back (1991) Sometimes They Come Back... Again
Sometimes They Come Back... Again
(1996) Sometimes They Come Back... for More
Sometimes They Come Back... for More
(1998)

Rose Red

Rose Red (2002) The Diary of Ellen Rimbauer
The Diary of Ellen Rimbauer
(2003)

TV series

The Dead Zone (2002–2007) Kingdom Hospital
Kingdom Hospital
(2004) Haven (2010–2015) Under the Dome (2013–2015) 11.22.63
11.22.63
(2016) The Mist
The Mist
(2017) Mr. Mercedes
Mr. Mercedes
(2017–present) Castle Rock (TBA)

Operas

Dolores Claiborne
Dolores Claiborne
(2013) The Shining (2016)

Book

v t e

Stephen King's The Shining

Novels

The Shining (1977) Doctor Sleep (2013)

Characters

Jack Torrance Danny Torrance

Adaptations

The Shining (1980 film) The Shining (1997 miniseries)

Other

Room 237

v t e

Stephen King's 'Salem's Lot

Characters

Kurt Barlow Father Callahan Vampires

Adaptations

Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
(1979 TV miniseries) Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
(1995 radio drama) Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
(2004 TV miniseries)

Series

"Jerusalem's Lot" (prequel) "One for the Road" (sequel)

Related

A Return to Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
(1987) Jerusalem's Lot

v t e

Stephen King's The Dead Zone

Adaptations

Film (1983) TV series (2002)

Episodes

Related

Johnny Smith Peter Hurkos

v t e

Stephen King's Pet Sematary

Films

Pet Sematary
Pet Sematary
(1989) Pet Sematary
Pet Sematary
Two (1992)

Related

Pet Sematary
Pet Sematary
(soundtrack)

"Pet Sematary" (song)

"Poison Heart"

v t e

Stephen King's "The Mangler"

Films

The Mangler (1995) The Mangler 2
The Mangler 2
(2002) The Mangler Reborn (2005)

Related

Night Shift

Related topics

v t e

Adaptations of works by Stephen King

Films

The Shining (1980) Cujo
Cujo
(1983) The Dead Zone (1983) Christine (1983) Cat's Eye (1985) Silver Bullet (1985) The Running Man (1987) Tales from the Darkside: The Movie (1990) Graveyard Shift (1990) Misery (1990) Sleepwalkers (1992) Needful Things
Needful Things
(1993) The Dark Half
The Dark Half
(1993) Dolores Claiborne
Dolores Claiborne
(1995) Thinner (1996) The Night Flier (1997) The Green Mile (1999) Hearts in Atlantis
Hearts in Atlantis
(2001) Dreamcatcher (2003) Secret Window
Secret Window
(2004) Riding the Bullet
Riding the Bullet
(2004) 1408 (2007) The Mist
The Mist
(2007) Dolan's Cadillac (2009) A Good Marriage (2014) Mercy (2014) Cell (2016) The Dark Tower (2017) Gerald's Game (2017) 1922 (2017)

Carrie

Carrie (1976) The Rage: Carrie 2 (1999) Carrie (2002) Carrie (2013)

Creepshow

Creepshow
Creepshow
(1982) Creepshow
Creepshow
2 (1987) Creepshow
Creepshow
3 (2007)

Children of the Corn

Disciples of the Crow (1983) Children of the Corn (1984) The Final Sacrifice (1992) Urban Harvest (1995) The Gathering (1996) Fields of Terror (1998) Isaac's Return (1999) Revelation (2001) Children of the Corn (2009) Genesis (2011) Runaway (2018)

Different Seasons

Stand by Me (1986) The Shawshank Redemption
The Shawshank Redemption
(1994) Apt Pupil (1998)

Firestarter

Firestarter (1984) Rekindled (2002)

Trucks

Maximum Overdrive
Maximum Overdrive
(1986) Trucks (1997)

Pet Sematary

Pet Sematary
Pet Sematary
(1989) Pet Sematary
Pet Sematary
Two (1992)

The Mangler

The Mangler (1995) The Mangler 2
The Mangler 2
(2002) The Mangler Reborn (2005)

The Lawnmower Man

The Lawnmower Man (1992) Beyond Cyberspace (1996)

It

It (2017) It: Chapter Two (2019)

TV films, episodes, and miniseries

"Gramma" (1986) "Sorry, Right Number" (1987) It (1990) Golden Years (1991) The Tommyknockers (1993) The Stand
The Stand
(1994) The Langoliers (1995) The Shining (1997) Quicksilver Highway
Quicksilver Highway
(1997) "The Revelations of 'Becka Paulson" (1997) Storm of the Century
Storm of the Century
(1999) Stephen King's Desperation (2006) Nightmares & Dreamscapes: From the Stories of Stephen King
Stephen King
(2006) Bag of Bones
Bag of Bones
(2011) Big Driver (2014)

Salem's Lot

Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
(1979) A Return to Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
(1987) Salem's Lot
Salem's Lot
(2004)

Sometimes They Come Back

Sometimes They Come Back (1991) Sometimes They Come Back... Again
Sometimes They Come Back... Again
(1996) Sometimes They Come Back... for More
Sometimes They Come Back... for More
(1998)

Rose Red

Rose Red (2002) The Diary of Ellen Rimbauer
The Diary of Ellen Rimbauer
(2003)

TV series

The Dead Zone (2002–2007) Kingdom Hospital
Kingdom Hospital
(2004) Haven (2010–2015) Under the Dome (2013–2015) 11.22.63
11.22.63
(2016) The Mist
The Mist
(2017) Mr. Mercedes
Mr. Mercedes
(2017–present) Castle Rock (TBA)

Operas

Dolores Claiborne
Dolores Claiborne
(2013) The Shining (2016)

Book

v t e

World Fantasy Award—Life Achievement

Robert Bloch
Robert Bloch
(1975) Fritz Leiber
Fritz Leiber
(1976) Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
(1977) Frank Belknap Long
Frank Belknap Long
(1978) Jorge Luis Borges
Jorge Luis Borges
(1979) Manly Wade Wellman
Manly Wade Wellman
(1980) C. L. Moore
C. L. Moore
(1981) Italo Calvino
Italo Calvino
(1982) Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl
(1983) L. Sprague de Camp
L. Sprague de Camp
/ Richard Matheson
Richard Matheson
/ E. Hoffmann Price
E. Hoffmann Price
/ Jack Vance / Donald Wandrei
Donald Wandrei
(1984) Theodore Sturgeon
Theodore Sturgeon
(1985) Avram Davidson (1986) Jack Finney (1987) Everett F. Bleiler (1988) Evangeline Walton
Evangeline Walton
(1989) R. A. Lafferty
R. A. Lafferty
(1990) Ray Russell (1991) Edd Cartier
Edd Cartier
(1992) Harlan Ellison
Harlan Ellison
(1993) Jack Williamson
Jack Williamson
(1994) Ursula K. Le Guin
Ursula K. Le Guin
(1995) Gene Wolfe (1996) Madeleine L'Engle
Madeleine L'Engle
(1997) Edward L. Ferman / Andre Norton
Andre Norton
(1998) Hugh B. Cave
Hugh B. Cave
(1999) Marion Zimmer Bradley
Marion Zimmer Bradley
/ Michael Moorcock
Michael Moorcock
(2000) Frank Frazetta
Frank Frazetta
/ Philip José Farmer
Philip José Farmer
(2001) Forrest J Ackerman
Forrest J Ackerman
/ George H. Scithers (2002) Lloyd Alexander
Lloyd Alexander
/ Donald M. Grant (2003) Stephen King
Stephen King
/ Gahan Wilson
Gahan Wilson
(2004) Tom Doherty
Tom Doherty
/ Carol Emshwiller
Carol Emshwiller
(2005) John Crowley
John Crowley
/ Stephen Fabian (2006) Betty Ballantine / Diana Wynne Jones (2007) Leo and Diane Dillon
Leo and Diane Dillon
/ Patricia A. McKillip
Patricia A. McKillip
(2008) Ellen Asher
Ellen Asher
/ Jane Yolen
Jane Yolen
(2009) Brian Lumley / Terry Pratchett
Terry Pratchett
/ Peter Straub
Peter Straub
(2010) Peter S. Beagle
Peter S. Beagle
/ Angélica Gorodischer
Angélica Gorodischer
(2011) Alan Garner
Alan Garner
/ George R. R. Martin
George R. R. Martin
(2012) Susan Cooper
Susan Cooper
/ Tanith Lee
Tanith Lee
(2013) Ellen Datlow
Ellen Datlow
/ Chelsea Quinn Yarbro
Chelsea Quinn Yarbro
(2014) Ramsey Campbell
Ramsey Campbell
/ Sheri S. Tepper (2015) David G. Hartwell
David G. Hartwell
/ Andrzej Sapkowski
Andrzej Sapkowski
(2016) Terry Brooks
Terry Brooks
/ Marina Warner
Marina Warner
(2017)

v t e

World Fantasy Convention Award

Glenn Lord (1978) Kirby McCauley (1979) Stephen King
Stephen King
(1980) Gahan Wilson
Gahan Wilson
(1981) Roy Krenkel Joseph Payne Brennan
Joseph Payne Brennan
(1982) Arkham House
Arkham House
(1983) Donald M. Grant (1984) Evangeline Walton
Evangeline Walton
(1985) Donald A. Wollheim
Donald A. Wollheim
(1986) Andre Norton
Andre Norton
(1987) Hugh B. Cave
Hugh B. Cave
(1997)

Collections

v t e

Night Shift by Stephen King

"Jerusalem's Lot" "Graveyard Shift" "Night Surf" "I Am the Doorway" "The Mangler" "The Boogeyman" "Gray Matter" "Battleground" "Trucks" "Sometimes They Come Back" "Strawberry Spring" "The Ledge" "The Lawnmower Man" "Quitters, Inc." "I Know What You Need" "Children of the Corn" "The Last Rung on the Ladder" "The Man Who Loved Flowers" "One for the Road" "The Woman in the Room"

v t e

Skeleton Crew by Stephen King

The Mist "Here There Be Tygers" "The Monkey" "Cain Rose Up" "Mrs. Todd's Shortcut" "The Jaunt" "The Wedding Gig" "Paranoid: A Chant" "The Raft" "Word Processor of the Gods" "The Man Who Would Not Shake Hands" "Beachworld" "The Reaper's Image" "Nona" "For Owen" "Survivor Type" "Uncle Otto's Truck" "Morning Deliveries (Milkman No. 1)" "Big Wheels: A Tale of the Laundry Game (Milkman No. 2)" "Gramma" The Ballad of the Flexible Bullet "The Reach"

v t e

Nightmares & Dreamscapes by Stephen King

"Dolan's Cadillac" "The End of the Whole Mess" "Suffer the Little Children" "The Night Flier" "Popsy" "It Grows on You" "Chattery Teeth" "Dedication" "The Moving Finger" "Sneakers" "You Know They Got a Hell of a Band" "Home Delivery" "Rainy Season" "My Pretty Pony" "Sorry, Right Number" "The Ten O'Clock People" "Crouch End" "The House on Maple Street" "The Fifth Quarter" "The Doctor's Case" "Umney's Last Case" "Head Down" "Brooklyn August" "The Beggar and the Diamond"

v t e

Everything's Eventual
Everything's Eventual
by Stephen King

"Autopsy Room Four" "The Man in the Black Suit" "All That You Love Will Be Carried Away" "The Death of Jack Hamilton" "In the Deathroom" "The Little Sisters of Eluria" "Everything's Eventual" "L. T.'s Theory of Pets" "The Road Virus Heads North" "Lunch at the Gotham Café" "That Feeling, You Can Only Say What It Is in French" "1408" "Riding the Bullet" "Luckey Quarter"

v t e

Just After Sunset
Just After Sunset
by Stephen King

"Willa" "The Gingerbread Girl" "Harvey's Dream" "Rest Stop" "Stationary Bike" "Graduation Afternoon" "The Things They Left Behind" "N." "The Cat from Hell" "The New York Times at Special
Special
Bargain Rates" "Mute" "Ayana" "A Very Tight Place"

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 97113511 LCCN: n79063767 ISNI: 0000 0001 2144 6296 GND: 118813250 SELIBR: 193552 SUDOC: 028710355 BNF: cb11909772t (data) BIBSYS: 90054901 MusicBrainz: a4ac255f-9775-4c16-8642-7f51502e45dd NLA: 35272078 NDL: 00445718 NKC: jn19990004346 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV00568 BNE: XX5485906 CiNii: DA02054237 SN

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