"State Sponsors of Terrorism" is a designation applied by the United
States Department of State to countries which the Department alleges
to have "repeatedly provided support for acts of international
terrorism". Inclusion on the list imposes strict unilateral
The countries currently on the list are Iran, North Korea, Sudan, and
The list began on December 29, 1979, with Libya, Iraq, South Yemen,
Cuba was added to the list on March 1, 1982, and
January 19, 1984. Later
North Korea in 1988 and
Sudan on August 12,
1993, were added.
South Yemen was removed from the list in 1990, Iraq
was removed twice in 1982 and 2004,
Libya was removed in 2006, and
Cuba was removed in 2015.
North Korea was removed in 2008, but was
re-added to the list again in 2017.
1 Countries currently on the list
1.2 North Korea
2 Countries that have been removed
2.4 South Yemen
3 Timeline of the list
5 Terrorist safe havens
6 See also
Countries currently on the list
Iran was added to the list on January 19, 1984. According to Country
Overview: Designated as a State Sponsor of
Terrorism in 1984, Iran
continued its terrorist-related activity, including support for
Palestinian terrorist groups in Gaza, and for Hizballah. It has also
increased its presence in Africa and attempted to smuggle arms to
Houthi separatists in
Yemen and Shia oppositionists in Bahrain. Iran
used the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps-Qods Force (IRGC-QF) and
its regional proxy groups to implement foreign policy goals, provide
cover for intelligence operations, and create instability in the
Middle East. The IRGC-QF is the regime’s primary mechanism for
cultivating and supporting terrorists abroad.
Syria as a crucial causeway in its weapons supply route to
Hizballah, its primary beneficiary. In 2013,
Iran continued to provide
arms, financing, training, and the facilitation of Iraqi Shia fighters
to the Assad regime’s brutal crackdown, a crackdown that has
resulted in the death of more than 100,000 civilians in Syria. Iran
has publicly admitted sending members of the IRGC to
Syria in an
advisory role. There are reports indicating some of these troops are
IRGC-QF members and that they have taken part in direct combat
operations. In February, senior IRGC-QF commander Brigadier General
Hassan Shateri was killed in or near Zabadani, Syria. This was the
first publicly announced death of a senior Iranian military official
in Syria. In November, IRGC-QF commander Mohammad Jamalizadeh Paghaleh
was also killed in Aleppo, Syria. Subsequent Iranian media reports
stated that Paghaleh was volunteering in
Syria to defend the Sayyida
Zainab mosque, which is located in Damascus. The location of
Paghaleh’s death, over 200 miles away from the mosque he was
reported to be protecting, demonstrated Iran’s intent to mask the
operations of IRGC-QF forces in Syria.
Iran has historically provided weapons, training, and funding to Hamas
and other Palestinian terrorist groups, including the Palestine
Islamic Jihad (PIJ) and the Popular Front for the Liberation of
Palestine-General Command (PFLP-GC), although Hamas’s ties to Tehran
have been strained due to the Syrian civil war. Since the end of the
2006 Israeli-Hizballah conflict,
Iran has also assisted in rearming
Hizballah, in direct violation of UNSCR 1701.
Iran has provided
hundreds of millions of dollars in support of Hizballah in Lebanon and
has trained thousands of its fighters at camps in Iran. These trained
fighters often use these skills in support of the Assad regime in
Despite its pledge to support Iraq’s stabilization,
funded, and provided guidance to Iraqi Shia militant groups. The
IRGC-QF, in concert with Hizballah, provided training outside of Iraq
as well as advisors inside
Iraq for Shia militants in the construction
and use of sophisticated improvised explosive device technology and
other advanced weaponry. Similar to Hizballah fighters, many of these
trained Shia militants then use these skills to fight for the Assad
regime in Syria, often at the behest of Iran.
On January 23, 2013, Yemeni authorities seized an Iranian dhow, the
Jihan, off the coast of Yemen. The dhow was carrying sophisticated
Chinese antiaircraft missiles, C-4 explosives, rocket-propelled
grenades, and a number of other weapons and explosives. The shipment
of lethal aid was likely headed to Houthi separatists in Northern
Iran actively supports members of the Houthi movement,
including activities intended to build military capabilities, which
could pose a greater threat to security and stability in
Yemen and the
In late April 2013, the Government of Bosnia declared two Iranian
diplomats, Jadidi Sohrab and Hamzeh Dolab Ahmad, persona non grata
after Israeli intelligence reported they were members of Iran’s
Ministry of Intelligence and Security. One of the two men had been
spotted in India, Georgia, and Thailand, all of which were sites of a
simultaneous bombing campaign in February 2012, according to Israeli
intelligence. Both diplomats were subsequently expelled from Bosnia.
On December 29, 2013, the Bahraini Coast Guard interdicted a speedboat
filled with weapons and explosives that was likely bound for Shia
oppositionists in Bahrain, specifically the 14 February Youth
Coalition (14 FYC). Bahraini authorities accused the IRGC-QF of
providing opposition militants with explosives training in order to
carry out attacks in Bahrain. The interdiction led to the discovery of
two weapons and explosives cache sites in Bahrain, the dismantling of
a car bomb, and the arrest of 15 Bahraini nationals.
North Korea was added in 1988, following the 1987 bombing of a South
Korean air flight landing near
Myanmar and re-listed again in 2017.
On June 26, 2008, President
George W. Bush
George W. Bush announced that he would
North Korea from the list. On October 11, the country was
officially removed from the list for meeting all nuclear inspection
The North was initially added because it sold weapons to terrorist
groups and gave asylum to Japanese Communist League-Red Army
Faction members. The country is also responsible for the Rangoon
bombing and the bombing of Korean Air Flight 858.
According to Country Reports on Terrorism: April 30, 2007:
The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) was not known to have
sponsored any terrorist acts since the bombing of a Korean Airlines
flight in 1987. The DPRK continued to harbor four Japanese Red Army
members who participated in a jet hijacking in 1970. The Japanese
government continued to seek a full accounting of the fate of the 12
Japanese nationals believed to have been abducted by DPRK state
entities; five such abductees have been repatriated to
2002. In the February 13, 2007 Initial Actions Agreement, the United
States agreed to "begin the process of removing the designation of the
DPRK as a state-sponsor of terrorism.
Terrorology specialist Gus Martin, writes in his university-level
textbook, Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, perspectives and issues
that “it is important to note that the State Department’s list
includes countries that have significantly reduced their involvement
in terrorism, such as
North Korea and Cuba. For example North Korea
was at one time quite active in attacking South Korean interests. In
November 1987, North Korean operatives apparently destroyed Korean
Airlines Flight 858, which exploded in
Myanmar (Burma), The North
Korea government has since renounced its sponsorship of
The U.S State Department said it made the decision as Pyongyang had
agreed to the verification of all of its nuclear programs, etc.
In April 13, 2009, Pyongyang agreed to dismantle the
as part of an aid-for-disarmament deal, and in response, the US
North Korea from its terrorism blacklist. Despite requests
from the South Korea government to put
North Korea back on the list
after it sunk the Navy ship the ROKS Cheonan in 2010, the Obama
administration stated that it will not do so because the act was
conducted by only the North Korean military and was thus not an act of
terror. However, following the incident, the Obama administration
also stated that it would now closely monitor
North Korea for signs
for a return to international terrorism. US State Department
spokesman P.J Crowley also said that returning
North Korea to the list
was under continual review.
Former Secretary of State
Hillary Clinton stated that she was
North Korea on the List of State Sponsors of
Terrorism. As of 2011[update], North Korea, unlike the other
countries removed and the designated state sponsor of terrorism Sudan,
is still listed as not fully cooperating with the
United States to
In February 2017, following the alleged state-sponsored murder of Kim
Jong-nam (Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un's half-brother) using the nerve
agent VX (banned under the international Chemical Weapons Convention,
a convention which the North Korean government has not signed),
pressure has been placed on the
Trump administration to revoke Bush's
lifting of sanctions but in April, the US politicians backed a bill
North Korea as a state sponsor of terror following the
2017 Shayrat missile strike
2017 Shayrat missile strike in Syria, which
North Korea viciously
condemned. In August of the same year, the nation launched a
missile that flew over Hokkaido, Japan, promoting severe condemnation
from other states. In September, the parents of Otto Warmbier, who had
died after being imprisoned in the nation, stated that they want North
Korea to be relisted for his apparent murder.
In addition, the nation regularly aids Islamic terrorists through
training and selling weapons. The nation is enemies with
backs Hamas, a group classified as a terrorist organization by western
nations and Japan, in all conflicts between them, and Hamas, in
North Korea in the ongoing Korean conflict. North
Korea has close ties to
Iran and Syria, who are also blacklisted
On November 20, 2017, President Trump officially announced re-listing
North Korea as a State Sponsor of Terrorism.
Sudan was added to the list on August 12, 1993.
According to Country Reports on
Sudan was designated as a State Sponsor of
1993. In 2013, the Government of
Sudan remained a generally
cooperative counterterrorism partner and continued to take action to
address threats to U.S. interests and personnel in Sudan.
Elements of al-Qa’ida (AQ)-inspired terrorist groups remained in
Sudan. The Government of
Sudan has taken steps to limit the activities
of these elements, and has worked to disrupt foreign fighters’ use
Sudan as a logistics base and transit point for terrorists going to
Mali, Syria, and Afghanistan. However, groups continued to operate in
Sudan in 2013 and there continued to be reports of Sudanese nationals
participating in terrorist organizations. For example, regional media
outlets alleged one Sudanese national was part of an al-Shabaab
terrorist cell that attacked the Westgate Mall in Nairobi in
September. There was also evidence that Sudanese violent extremists
participated in terrorist activities in Somalia and Mali.
Sudan continued to allow members of
Hamas to travel,
fundraise, and live in Sudan.
The UN and NGOs reported in 2013 that the Lord’s Resistance Army
(LRA) is likely operating in the disputed Kafia Kingi area, claimed by
Sudan and South Sudan, in close proximity to Sudanese Armed Forces
(SAF). At year’s end, the
United States continued to engage the
Government of Sudan, the AU, and the UN to evaluate these reports.
The kidnapping of foreigners for ransom in Darfur continued, although
no U.S. citizens were kidnapped in 2013. These kidnappings have
hindered humanitarian operations in Darfur. Abductees have been
released unharmed amid rumors of ransoms having been paid.
In 2013, the
United States continued to pursue justice for the January
1, 2008 killing of two U.S. Embassy employees. At the end of the year,
the Sudanese Supreme Court was deliberating on an appeal filed by
defense attorneys of the three remaining men convicted of the two
murders, requesting that their death sentences be commuted. In
February 2013, one of five men convicted of aiding the 2010 escape
attempt by the four convicted killers received a presidential
commutation of his remaining sentence. Government of
explained his release was part of a broad administrative parole
affecting 200 other prisoners who had served some portion of their
sentences with good behavior. U.S. officials protested the commutation
and urged the Government of
Sudan authorities to imprison the
convicted accomplice for the full 12 years of his sentence.
In 2013, the U.S. Department of State designated three of the
individuals who participated in the January 1, 2008 killings –
Abdelbasit Alhaj Alhasan Haj Hamad, Mohamed Makawi Ibrahim Mohamed,
and Abd Al-Ra’Ouf Abu Zaid Mohamed Hamza – as Specially Designated
Global Terrorists under Executive Order 13224.
In 2013, Sudanese authorities continued to prosecute 25 individuals
detained during a raid in December 2012 on what the Government of
Sudan described as a terrorist training camp operating in Dinder
National Park. The so-called “Dinder cell” as of December was
still awaiting trial on charges of terrorism and murder stemming from
the deaths of several police involved in the December 2012 raid. At
least one fringe party, Just Peace Forum, has called upon President
Bashir to pardon members of the “Dinder Cell,” but the court cases
were still ongoing at the end of the year. One trial judge from the
country’s terrorism court remanded several cases back to the
attorney general for additional interrogations.
The Government of
Sudan has made some progress in opposing terrorist
financing, although members of
Hamas are permitted to conduct
fundraising in Sudan. The Central Bank of
Sudan and its financial
intelligence unit circulate to financial institutions a list of
individuals and entities that have been included on the consolidated
list of the UNSC 1267/1989 (al-Qa’ida) Sanctions Committee, as well
as the U.S.-designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations and E.O. lists.
The financing of terrorism per UNSCR 1373 (2001) was criminalized in
Sudan pursuant to Sudan’s Money Laundering Act of 2003.
Sudan is generally responsive to international community concerns
about counterterrorism efforts. Sudan’s vast, mostly unmonitored
borders with Libya, Chad, the Central African Republic, South Sudan,
Ethiopia, and Eritrea hampered counterterrorism efforts. Nonetheless,
in recent years
Sudan has forged increasingly stronger relations with
its neighbors. For example, in December 2013, Government of
enforcement authorities hosted a regional workshop on counterterrorism
initiatives under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on
Development’s program for security sector reform.
Syria was added to the list on December 29, 1979. According to Country
Overview: Designated in 1979 as a State Sponsor of Terrorism, the
Assad regime continued its political support to a variety of terrorist
groups affecting the stability of the region and beyond, even amid
significant internal unrest. The regime continued to provide political
and weapons support to Hizballah and continued to allow
Iran to rearm
the terrorist organization. The Assad regime’s relationship with
Iran continued to grow stronger in 2013 as the conflict
Syria continued. President Bashar al-Assad remained a staunch
defender of Iran's policies, while
Iran has exhibited equally
energetic support for Syrian regime efforts to defeat the Syrian
opposition. Statements supporting terrorist groups, particularly
Hizballah, were often in Syrian Government speeches and press
The Syrian Government had an important role in the growth of terrorist
Syria through the permissive attitude the Assad regime
took towards al-Qa’ida’s foreign fighter facilitation efforts
Iraq conflict. Syrian Government awareness and
encouragement for many years of violent extremists’ transit through
Syria to enter Iraq, for the purpose of fighting Coalition Troops, is
Syria was a key hub for foreign fighters en route to
Iraq. Those very networks were the seedbed for the violent extremist
elements that terrorized the Syrian population in 2013.
As part of a broader strategy during the year, the regime has
attempted to portray
Syria itself as a victim of terrorism,
characterizing all of its armed opponents as "terrorists".
Assad’s government has continued to generate significant concern
regarding the role it plays in terrorist financing. Industry experts
reported that 60 percent of all business transactions were conducted
in cash and that nearly 80 percent of all Syrians did not use formal
banking services. Despite Syrian legislation that required money
changers to be licensed by the end of 2007, many continued to operate
illegally in Syria's vast black market, estimated to be as large as
Syria's formal economy. Regional hawala networks remained intertwined
with smuggling and trade-based money laundering, and were facilitated
by notoriously corrupt customs and immigration officials. This raised
significant concerns that some members of the Syrian Government and
the business elite were complicit in terrorist finance schemes
conducted through these institutions.
In 2013, the
United States continued to closely monitor Syria’s
proliferation-sensitive materials and facilities, including Syria’s
significant stockpile of chemical weapons, which the United States
assesses remains under the Asad regime’s control. Despite the
progress made through the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical
Weapon’s Executive Council and UNSC Resolution 2118 (2013) to
dismantle and destroy Syria’s chemical weapons program, there
continues to be significant concern, given ongoing instability in
Syria, that these materials could find their way to terrorist
United States is coordinating closely with a number
of like-minded nations and partners to prevent Syria’s stockpiles of
chemical and advanced conventional weapons from falling into the hands
of violent extremists.
Countries that have been removed
Cuba was added to the list on March 1, 1982.
According to the
United States of America,
Cuba has a history of
supporting revolutionary movements in Spanish speaking countries and
Africa. "Havana openly advocates armed revolution as the only means
for leftist forces to gain power in Latin America, and the Cubans have
played an important role in facilitating the movement of men and
weapons into the region. Havana provides direct support in the form of
training, arms, safe havens, and advice to a wide variety of guerrilla
groups. Many of these groups engage in terrorist operations." Cuba
"encouraged terrorism in the hope of provoking indiscriminate violence
and repression, in order to weaken government legitimacy and attract
new converts to armed struggle" In 1992, after the Soviet collapse,
Fidel Castro stressed that his country’s support for insurgents
abroad was a thing of the past.
According to Country Reports on
Terrorism 2010: August 18, 2011:
Designated as a State Sponsor of
Terrorism in 1982, the Government of
Cuba maintained a public stance against terrorism and terrorist
financing in 2010, but there was no evidence that it had severed ties
with elements from the
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)
and recent media reports indicate some current and former members of
the Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) continue to reside in Cuba.
Available information suggested that the Cuban government maintained
limited contact with FARC members, but there was no evidence of direct
financial or ongoing material support. In March, the Cuban government
allowed Spanish Police to travel to
Cuba to confirm the presence of
suspected ETA members.
Cuba has been used as a transit point by
third-country nationals looking to enter illegally into the United
States. The Government of
Cuba is aware of the border integrity and
transnational security concerns posed by such transit and investigated
third country migrant smuggling and related criminal activities. In
November, the government allowed representatives of the Transportation
Security Administration to conduct a series of airport security visits
throughout the island. Regional and International Cooperation: Cuba
did not sponsor counterterrorism initiatives or participate in
regional or global operations against terrorists in 2010.
On December 17, 2014, an agreement to restore relations with
reached, the President has instructed the Secretary of State to
immediately launch a review of Cuba's inclusion on the list, and
provide a report to the President within six months regarding Cuba’s
alleged support for international terrorism. Obama announced on
April 14, 2015, that
Cuba was being removed from the list. Cuba
would not come off the list until after a 45-day review period, during
which the U.S. Congress could try blocking Cuba's removal via a joint
resolution. Congress did not act, and
Cuba was officially removed
from the list on May 29, 2015.
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Iraq was added to the list on December 29, 1979, and removed in 1982
to allow US companies to sell arms to it while it was
Iran in the Iran–
Iraq War; it was re-added following its
1990 invasion of Kuwait. The State Department's reason for including
Iraq was that it provided bases to the
Mujahedin-e-Khalq (MEK), the
Kurdistan Workers Party
Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), the
Palestine Liberation Front
Palestine Liberation Front (PLF),
Abu Nidal organization (ANO). It was again removed following
the 2003 invasion and the overthrow of the government of Saddam
Hussein. Following the invasion, US sanctions applicable to "state
sponsors of terrorism" against
Iraq were suspended on May 7, 2003, and
President Bush announced the removal of
Iraq from the list on
September 25, 2004. This is due to the fall back of the Iraqi rebels.
Libya was added on December 29, 1979.
On May 15, 2006, the
United States announced that
Libya would be
removed from the list after a 45-day wait period. Secretary of
Condoleezza Rice explained that this was due to "...Libya's
continued commitment to its renunciation of terrorism".
There is no evidence that
Libya was, is a state sponsor of terrorism
from 2011 - 2017. There is no official state that has officially
sponsored terrorist activity, in fact, the official state is
fragmented into 3 - 6 different states. Each state has its own
government. Due to the ongoing civil war of 2011, and the political
divide, Libya, security wise is dangerous. However, sponsorship of
terrorism is a subjective subject.
The attack on the US embassy in Benghazi in 2012, was carried out by
an Extremist Islamist militia group known as Ansar Al Sharia. This
group is not officially part of any larger state authority, and is not
recognized as one. In fact, it is recognized as a criminal
organization by the wider Libyan public.
Libya is ill-advised, however there still is a presence
of Foreign nationals working in Libya.
South Yemen was added to the list on December 29, 1979. It had been
branded a sponsor of terrorism due to its support for several
left-wing terrorist groups.
South Yemen was dropped
from the list in 1990 after it merged with the
Yemen Arab Republic
(North Yemen), to become Yemen.
Timeline of the list
Timeline of the "State Sponsors of Terrorism" list
The sanctions which the US imposes on countries on the list are:
A ban on arms-related exports and sales.
Controls over exports of dual-use items, requiring 30-day
Congressional notification for goods or services that could
significantly enhance the terrorist-list country's military capability
or ability to support terrorism.
Prohibitions on economic assistance.
Imposition of miscellaneous financial and other restrictions,
United States to oppose loans by the
World Bank and
other international financial institutions;
Lifting diplomatic immunity to allow families of terrorist victims to
file civil lawsuits in U.S. courts;
Denying companies and individuals tax credits for income earned in
Denial of duty-free treatment of goods exported to the United States;
Authority to prohibit any U.S. citizen from engaging in a financial
transaction with a terrorist-list government without a Treasury
Department license; and
Prohibition of Defense Department contracts above $100,000 with
companies controlled by terrorist-list states.
From January 2016, some of the countries listed were included in a
separate exclusion the Visa Waiver Program. The (VWP) does not apply
where a person has previously traveled to these countries on or after
1 March 2011 or for those who remain nationals of those countries in
addition to the nationality that would otherwise entitle them to a
visa waiver. Instead, they are now required to go through the process
to obtain a visa. Certain categories such as diplomats, military,
journalists, humanitarian workers or legitimate businessmen may have
their visa requirement waived by the Secretary of Homeland
Under the Trump administration, citizens of these countries face
partial entry restrictions to the
United States under Presidential
Proclamation 9645 of the Executive Order 13780. The order is partially
in force as of December 4, 2017, pending legal challenges.
Entry of all North Korean and Syrian nationals into the United States
as immigrant and non-immigrant are currently suspended.
Entry of all Iranian nationals into the
United States as immigrant and
non-immigrant are currently suspended unless they have valid student
visas (F, M-1, and M-2 visas) or exchange visitor visas (J-1 and J-2
visas), but may be subject to enhanced screening.
Travel restrictions imposed by the
United States on citizens of Sudan
were removed under Presidential Proclamation 9645.
Unlike the previous executive order, these restrictions are
conditional and can be lifted if those countries meet the required
security standards set up by the United States.
Terrorist safe havens
The U.S. Country Reports on
Terrorism also describes "Terrorist safe
havens" which "described in this report include ungoverned,
under-governed, or ill-governed physical areas where terrorists are
able to organize, plan, raise funds, communicate, recruit, train,
transit, and operate in relative security because of inadequate
governance capacity, political will, or both".
In the U.S. Annual report published in July 2017, which was mandated
by the Congress titled "Country Report on Terrorism", the State
Pakistan among the nations and regions providing
“safe havens” to terrorists. It stated that terror groups like the
LeT and JeM continue to operate, train, organise and fundraise inside
the country in 2016.
Pakistan did not take sufficient action against other externally
focused groups, such as
Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammad
(JeM) in 2016, which continued to operate, train, organise, and
fundraise in Pakistan,” the report said. It further said India
continue to experience cross-border attacks, “including by Maoist
insurgents and Pakistan-based terrorists”.
United States and state-sponsored terrorism
Iran and state-sponsored terrorism
Axis of evil
United States embargoes
U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations
Executive Order 13769
Executive Order 13769 and 13780
^ 22 U.S.C. § 2656f
^ "State Sponsors of Terrorism".
United States Department of State.
n.d. Archived from the original on June 10, 2009. Retrieved June 9,
^ a b Michael D. Shear; David E. Sanger (20 November 2017). "Trump
North Korea to List of State Sponsors of Terrorism". The New
York Times. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
^ a b c "Chapter 3: State Sponsors of
^ a b Richard C. Paddock, Choe Sang-hun & Nicholas Wade, In Kim
North Korea Lets Loose a Weapon of Mass
Destruction, New York Times (February 24, 2017).
^ "State Sponsors: North Korea". Council on Foreign Relations.
^ a b "Chapter 3: State Sponsors of
Terrorism Overview". United States
Department of State. 2006. Retrieved June 9, 2009.
^ Martin, Gus (2006). Understanding Terrorism: Challenges,
Perspectives and Issues. Sage Publications. p. 83.
^ a b c "US: North Korean Ship Attack Violated Armistice, Not Act of
Terrorism". Voice of America. June 27, 2010.
^ "Clinton Says
North Korea Could Return to Terror List". The Boston
Globe. June 8, 2009.
^ Sullivan, Mark P.; Beittel, June S. (August 15, 2014). Latin
Terrorism Issues (PDF) (Report). Congressional Research
Service. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
^ "US deploys warships to Korean peninsula". April 9, 2017. Retrieved
November 5, 2017 – via www.bbc.com.
^ "Otto Warmbier's parents break silence on son's death". Retrieved
November 5, 2017.
Hamas thanks N. Korea for its support against 'Israeli
occupation'". Retrieved November 5, 2017.
^ Hughes, Chris (August 11, 2017). "
North Korea crisis could increase
risk of larger attacks from ISIS". Retrieved November 5, 2017.
^ Sullivan, Mark P. (May 12, 2005).
Cuba and the State Sponsors of
Terrorism List (PDF) (Report). Congressional Research Service.
Archived from the original (PDF) on April 24, 2010.
^ "Chapter 3: State Sponsors of Terrorism".
United States Department
of State. July 31, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
^ "Fact Sheet: Charting a New Course on Cuba" (Press release). White
House Office of the Press Secretary. December 17, 2014. Retrieved
April 14, 2015.
^ Pace, Julie (April 14, 2015). "Obama Removes
Cuba from State Sponsor
of Terror List". ABC News. Associated Press. Retrieved April 15,
^ Archibold, Randal C.; Davis, Julie Hirschfeld (April 14, 2015).
"Obama Endorses Removing
Terrorism List". The New York
Times. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
^ Wall, Katie (May 29, 2015). "U.S. Officially Removes
Cuba From State
Terrorism List". NBC News. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
^ Labott, Elise (May 15, 2006). "U.S. to Restore Relations with
Libya". CNN. Retrieved June 9, 2009.
^ "Powell Names State Sponsors of Terrorism".
United States Embassy in
Jarkarta. Retrieved June 9, 2009.
^ "DHS Announces Further Travel Restrictions for the Visa Waiver
Program - Homeland Security".
United States Begins Implementation of Changes to the Visa Waiver
Program - Homeland Security".
^ "Chapter 5: Terrorist Safe Havens (Update to 7120 Report)". United
States Department of State. 2015. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
^ "Country Reports on
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^ "US lists
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^ "US keeps
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terrorists". Retrieved 2017-07-19.
Pakistan among countries providing 'safe havens' to terrorists: US
- Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
State Department: State Sponsors of Terrorism
War on Terror
War in Afghanistan
War in North-West Pakistan
Symbolism of terrorism
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom participants
Iraq (Iraqi Armed Forces)
Osama bin Laden
al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula
Islamic Courts Union
Islamic State of
Iraq and the Levant
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
War in Afghanistan
OEF – Philippines
Georgia Train and Equip Program
Georgia Sustainment and Stability
OEF – Horn of Africa
OEF – Trans Sahara
Drone strikes in Pakistan
Operation Active Endeavour
Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present)
Insurgency in the North Caucasus
Moro conflict in the Philippines
Operation Linda Nchi
Terrorism in Saudi Arabia
War in North-West Pakistan
War in Somalia (2006–09)
2007 Lebanon conflict
al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen
Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse
Axis of evil
Clash of Civilizations
Combatant Status Review Tribunal
Criticism of the War on Terror
Death of Osama bin Laden
Enhanced interrogation techniques
Guantanamo Bay detention camp
Military Commissions Act of 2006
North Korea and weapons of mass destruction
Terrorist Surveillance Program
Operation Noble Eagle
Operation Eagle Assist
President's Surveillance Program
Protect America Act of 2007
September 11 attacks
State Sponsors of Terrorism
Targeted Killing in International Law
Targeted Killings: Law and Morality in an Asymmetrical World
Unitary executive theory
Withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan