HOME
The Info List - Stan Laurel





Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
(born Arthur Stanley Jefferson; 16 June 1890 – 23 February 1965) was an English comic actor, writer and film director, who was part of the comedy duo Laurel and Hardy.[2] He appeared with his comedy partner Oliver Hardy
Oliver Hardy
in 107 short films, feature films, and cameo roles.[3] Laurel began his career in music hall, where he appropriated a number of his standard comic devices: the bowler hat, the deep comic gravity and the nonsensical understatement. His performances polished his skills at pantomime and music hall sketches. Laurel was a member of "Fred Karno's Army", where he was Charlie Chaplin's understudy.[3][4] With Chaplin, the two arrived in the United States on the same ship from the United Kingdom with the Karno troupe.[5] Laurel began his film career in 1917 and made his final appearance in 1951. From 1928 onwards, he appeared exclusively with Hardy. Laurel officially retired from the screen following his comedy partner's death in 1957. In 1961, Laurel was given a Lifetime Achievement Academy Award
Academy Award
for his pioneering work in comedy. He has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7021 Hollywood Blvd. Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
ranked top among best double acts and seventh overall in a 2005 UK poll to find the Comedians' Comedian.[6] In 2009, a bronze statue of the duo was unveiled in Laurel's home town of Ulverston.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Laurel and Hardy

2.1 Trouble at Roach Studio 2.2 20th Century Fox 2.3 Hardy's death

3 After Laurel and Hardy 4 Personal life 5 Death 6 Legacy and honours 7 Filmography 8 References

8.1 Notes 8.2 Citations 8.3 Bibliography

9 External links

Early life[edit]

Plaque at Laurel's birthplace in Ulverston

Arthur Stanley Jefferson was born in his grandparents' house on 16 June 1890 at 3 Argyle Street, Ulverston, Lancashire(now Cumbria) in north west England.[7] He had two brothers and a sister. His parents, Margaret (née Metcalfe) and Arthur Jefferson, were both active in the theatre and always very busy. In his early years, the boy spent much time living with his maternal grandmother, Sarah Metcalfe.[4] He attended school at King James I Grammar School in Bishop Auckland, County Durham[8] and the King's School in Tynemouth, Northumberland.[9]

Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
plaque, Britannia Music Hall, Glasgow

He moved with his parents to Glasgow, Scotland, where he completed his education at Rutherglen Academy. His father managed Glasgow's Metropole Theatre, where Laurel began work. His boyhood hero was Dan Leno, one of the greatest English music hall comedians.[4] With a natural affinity for the theatre, Laurel gave his first professional performance on stage at the Panopticon in Glasgow
Glasgow
at the age of sixteen, where he polished his skills at pantomime and music hall sketches.[10] It was the music hall from where he drew his standard comic devices, including his bowler hat and nonsensical understatement.[4] He joined Fred Karno's troupe of actors in 1910 with the stage name of "Stan Jefferson"; the troupe also included a young Charlie Chaplin. The music hall nurtured him, and he acted as Chaplin's understudy for some time.[3][4] Karno was a pioneer of slapstick, and in his biography Laurel stated, " Fred Karno
Fred Karno
didn't teach Charlie [Chaplin] and me all we know about comedy. He just taught us most of it".[11] Chaplin and Laurel arrived in the United States on the same ship from Britain with the Karno troupe and toured the country.[5] During the First World War, Laurel registered for military service in America on 5 June, 1917, as required under the Selective Service Act. He was not called up; his registration card states resident alien and deafness as exemptions.[12][13]

Play media

Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
appeared for the first time together in The Lucky Dog.

Between 1916 and 1918, he teamed up with Alice Cooke and Baldwin Cooke, who became his lifelong friends. Amongst other performers, Laurel worked briefly alongside Oliver Hardy
Oliver Hardy
before the two were a team in the silent film short The Lucky Dog
The Lucky Dog
(1921).[7] It was around this time that Laurel met Mae Dahlberg. Around the same time, he adopted the stage name of Laurel at Dahlberg's suggestion that his stage name Stan Jefferson was unlucky, due to it having thirteen letters. [N 1] The pair were performing together when Laurel was offered $75 a week to star in two-reel comedies. After making his first film Nuts in May, Universal offered him a contract. The contract was soon cancelled during a reorganisation at the studio. Among the films in which Dahlberg and Laurel appeared together was the 1922 parody Mud and Sand. By 1924, Laurel had given up the stage for full-time film work, under contract with Joe Rock
Joe Rock
for 12 two-reel comedies. The contract had one unusual stipulation: that Dahlberg was not to appear in any of the films. Rock thought that her temperament was hindering Laurel's career. In 1925, she started interfering with Laurel's work, so Rock offered her a cash settlement and a one-way ticket back to her native Australia, which she accepted.[15] The 12 two-reel comedies were Mandarin Mix-Up
Mandarin Mix-Up
(1924), Detained (1924), Monsieur Don't Care (1924), West of Hot Dog
West of Hot Dog
(1924), Somewhere in Wrong (1925), Twins (1925), Pie-Eyed (1925), The Snow Hawk (1925), Navy Blue Days (1925), The Sleuth (1925), Dr. Pyckle and Mr. Pryde (1925), Half a Man (1925). Laurel and Hardy[edit] Main article: Laurel and Hardy

Laurel with Hardy in The Lucky Dog
The Lucky Dog
(1921), long before they became a team.

Laurel next signed with the Hal Roach
Hal Roach
studio, where he began directing films, including a 1926 production called Yes, Yes, Nanette. He intended to work primarily as a writer and director. Oliver Hardy, another member of the Hal Roach
Hal Roach
Studios Comedy All Star players, was injured in a kitchen mishap in 1927, and Laurel was asked to return to acting. Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
began sharing the screen in Slipping Wives, Duck Soup (1927), and With Love and Hisses. The two became friends and their comic chemistry soon became obvious. Roach Studios' supervising director Leo McCarey noticed the audience reaction to them and began teaming them, leading to the creation of the Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
series later that year. Together, the two men began producing a huge body of short films, including The Battle of the Century, Should Married Men Go Home?, Two Tars, Be Big!, Big Business, and many others. Laurel and Hardy successfully made the transition to talking films with the short Unaccustomed As We Are
Unaccustomed As We Are
in 1929. They also appeared in their first feature in one of the revue sequences of The Hollywood Revue of 1929, and the following year they appeared as the comic relief in the lavish all-colour (in Technicolor) musical feature The Rogue Song. Their first starring feature Pardon Us
Pardon Us
was released in 1931. They continued to make both features and shorts until 1935, including their 1932 three-reeler The Music Box, which won an Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Short Subject. Trouble at Roach Studio[edit] During the 1930s, Laurel was involved in a dispute with Hal Roach which resulted in the termination of his contract. Roach maintained separate contracts for Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
that expired at different times, so Hardy remained at the studio and was "teamed" with Harry Langdon for the 1939 film Zenobia. The studio discussed a series of films co-starring Hardy with Patsy Kelly
Patsy Kelly
to be called "The Hardy Family." But Laurel sued Roach over the contract dispute. Eventually, the case was dropped and Laurel returned to Roach. The first film that Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
made after Laurel returned was A Chump at Oxford. Subsequently, they made Saps at Sea, which was their last film for Roach. 20th Century Fox[edit]

Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
in still from The Tree in a Test Tube (1943), a colour short made for the US Department of Agriculture

In 1941, Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
signed a contract at 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
to make ten films over five years. During the war years, their work became more standardised and less successful, though The Bullfighters and Jitterbugs
Jitterbugs
did receive some praise. In 1947, Laurel returned to England when he and Hardy went on a six-week tour of the United Kingdom, and the duo were mobbed wherever they went. Laurel's homecoming to Ulverston
Ulverston
took place in May, and the duo were greeted by thousands of fans outside the Coronation Hall.[16] The Evening Mail noted: " Oliver Hardy
Oliver Hardy
remarked to our reporter that Stan had talked about Ulverston
Ulverston
for the past 22 years and he thought he had to see it."[16] The tour included a Royal Command Performance for King George VI
George VI
and Queen Elizabeth in London.[16] The success of the tour led them to spend the next seven years touring the UK and Europe. Around this time, Stan found out that he had diabetes, so he encouraged Ollie to find solo projects and he did, taking parts in John Wayne and Bing Crosby films. In 1950, Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
were invited to France to make a feature film. The film was a disaster, a Franco-Italian co-production titled Atoll K. (The film was entitled Utopia in the US and Robinson Crusoeland in the UK.) Both stars were noticeably ill during the filming. Upon returning to the United States, they spent most of their time recovering. In 1952, Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
toured Europe successfully, and they returned in 1953 for another tour of the continent. During this tour, Laurel fell ill and was unable to perform for several weeks.[17] In May 1954, Hardy had a heart attack and cancelled the tour. In 1955, they were planning to do a television series called Laurel and Hardy's Fabulous Fables based on children's stories. The plans were delayed after Laurel suffered a stroke on 25 April 1955, from which he recovered. But as the team was planning to get back to work, his partner Hardy had a massive stroke on 14 September 1956, which resulted in his being unable to return to acting. Hardy's death[edit] Oliver Hardy
Oliver Hardy
died on 7 August 1957. Laurel was too ill to attend his funeral and said, "Babe would understand".[3] People who knew Laurel said that he was devastated by Hardy's death and never fully recovered from it. He refused to perform on stage or act in another film without his good friend,[3] although he continued to socialise with his fans. After Laurel and Hardy[edit] In 1961, Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
was given a Lifetime Achievement Academy Award for his pioneering work in comedy. He had achieved his lifelong dream as a comedian and had been involved in nearly 190 films. He lived his final years in a small flat in the Oceana Apartments in Santa Monica, California.[18] Laurel was always gracious to fans and spent much time answering fan mail. His phone number (OXford-0614)[19][20][21][22] was listed in the telephone directory,[23] and fans were amazed that they could dial the number and speak to him directly. Jerry Lewis
Jerry Lewis
was among the numerous comedians to visit Laurel, who offered suggestions for Lewis's production of The Bellboy (1960). Lewis paid tribute to Laurel by naming his main character Stanley in the film, and having Bill Richmond play a version of Laurel as well.[24] Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
told a similar story. When he was just starting his career, he looked up Laurel's phone number, called him, and then visited him at his home. Van Dyke played Laurel on "The Sam Pomerantz Scandals" episode of The Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
Show. Laurel was offered a cameo role in It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963), but he turned it down. He did not want to be on screen in his old age,[5] especially without Oliver Hardy. Personal life[edit] Laurel and Mae Charlotte Dahlberg never married, but lived together as common-law husband and wife from 1919 to 1925, before Dahlberg accepted a one-way ticket from Joe Rock
Joe Rock
to go back to her native Australia.[25] In November 1937, Dahlberg was back in the USA and sued the now successful Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
for financial support. At the time, Laurel's second marriage was in the process of a divorce, with Dahlberg's legal suit adding to Laurel's woes. The matter was settled out of court.[26] Dahlberg was described as a "relief project worker" by the court. Laurel had four wives and married one of them a second time after their divorce.[27] Laurel married his first wife, Lois Neilson, on 13 August 1926. On 10 December 1927, during the early years of Laurel and Hardy's partnership, Laurel and Neilson had a baby daughter, also named Lois. In May 1930, their second child, a son named Stanley, was born two months premature and died after nine days. Stan's daughter Lois died on 27 July 2017, aged 89.[28] Laurel and Neilson divorced in December 1934. In 1935, Laurel married Virginia Ruth Rogers (known as Ruth). In 1937, Laurel filed for divorce from Ruth, confessing that he was not over his ex-wife Lois, but Lois decided against a reconciliation. On New Year's Day 1938, Laurel married Vera Ivanova Shuvalova (known as Illeana), leading to an irate Ruth accusing Stan of bigamy, but their divorce had been finalised a couple of days before his new marriage. After a very volatile marriage to Illeana, during which Stan dug a grave with the intention of burying his wife in it, he and Illeana separated in 1939 and divorced in 1940, with Illeana surrendering all claim to the Laurel surname on 1 February 1940, in exchange for $6,500.[29] In 1941, Laurel remarried Virginia Ruth Rogers, with Laurel and Ruth divorcing for the second time in early 1946.[27] On 6 May 1946, Laurel married Ida Kitaeva Raphael, to whom he remained married until his death on 23 February 1965.[27] Death[edit]

Stan Laurel's grave at Forest Lawn.

Laurel was a heavy smoker until suddenly quitting around 1960.[30] In January 1965, he underwent a series of x-rays for an infection on the roof of his mouth.[31] He died on 23 February 1965, aged 74, four days after suffering a heart attack on 19 February.[32] Just minutes away from death, Laurel told his nurse that he would not mind going skiing right at that very moment. Somewhat taken aback, the nurse replied that she was not aware that he was a skier. "I'm not," said Laurel, "I'd rather be doing that than this!" A few minutes later, the nurse looked in on him again and found that he had died quietly in his armchair.[33] At his funeral, silent screen comedian Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
was overheard talking about Laurel's talent: "Chaplin wasn't the funniest, I wasn't the funniest, this man was the funniest." Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
gave the eulogy[34] at Laurel's funeral, as a friend, protégé, and occasional impressionist of Laurel during his later years; he read "The Clown's Prayer".[35] Laurel had earlier quipped: "If anyone at my funeral has a long face, I'll never speak to him again."[6] Laurel was cremated and his ashes were interred in Forest Lawn-Hollywood Hills Cemetery.[36] Legacy and honours[edit]

Statue of Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
and Oliver Hardy
Oliver Hardy
outside the Coronation Hall Theatre, Ulverston, Cumbria, England

Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
are featured on the cover of the Beatles' album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967).[37] In 1989, a statue of Laurel was erected in Dockwray Square, North Shields, Tyne and Wear, England where he lived at No. 8 from 1897 to 1902. The steps down from the Square to the North Shields
North Shields
Fish Quay were said to have inspired the piano-moving scene in The Music Box. In a 2005 UK poll, Comedians' Comedian, Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
were ranked top double act, and seventh overall.[6] Along with Hardy, Laurel was inducted into the Grand Order of Water Rats.[38]

Statue of Laurel on the site once occupied by the theatre owned by his parents, in Bishop Auckland, County Durham, north east England

Neil Brand
Neil Brand
wrote a radio play entitled Stan, broadcast in 2004 on BBC Radio 4 and subsequently on BBC Radio 4
BBC Radio 4
Extra,[39] starring Tom Courtenay as Stan Laurel, in which Stan visits Oliver Hardy
Oliver Hardy
after Hardy has suffered his stroke and tries to say the things to his dying friend and partner that have been left unsaid. In 2006, BBC Four showed a drama called Stan, based on Brand's radio play, in which Laurel meets Hardy on his deathbed and reminisces about their career.[40] A plaque on the Bull Inn, Bottesford, Leicestershire, England, marks Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
appearing in Nottingham
Nottingham
over Christmas 1952, and staying with Laurel's sister, Olga, who was the landlady of the pub.[41] In 2008, a statue of Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
was unveiled in Bishop Auckland, County Durham, on the site of the Eden Theatre.[42] In April 2009, a bronze statue of Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
was unveiled in Ulverston.[43][44]

Laurel & Hardy Museum in Ulverston

There is a Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
Museum in Stan's hometown of Ulverston. There are two Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
museums in Hardy's hometown of Harlem, Georgia. One is operated by the town of Harlem, and the other is a private museum owned and operated by Gary Russeth, a Harlem resident. In 2013, Gail Louw and Jeffrey Holland
Jeffrey Holland
debuted a short one-man play "...And this is my friend Mr Laurel" at the Camden Fringe festival. The play, starring Holland as Laurel, was taken on tour of the UK in 2014 until June 2015.[45] In an upcoming film, Stan & Ollie, Laurel will be played by English comedian Steve Coogan, and Hardy by American actor John C. Reilly.[46] Developed by BBC Films, the film is set in the twilight of their careers, and will focus on their farewell tour of Britain's variety halls in 1953.[46] Filmography[edit]

Biography portal

Stan Laurel filmography (films of Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
as an actor without Oliver Hardy) Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
filmography (filmography of Laurel and Hardy together)

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ Laurel disputes this and claims that it just "sounded good".[14]

Citations[edit]

^ "From the Archives: Film Comic Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
Dies at 74". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 December 2017 ^ "Obituary". Variety, 3 March 1965, p. 69. ^ a b c d e Rawlngs, Nate. "Top 10 Across-the-Pond Duos", Time, 20 July 2010. Retrieved: 18 June 2012. ^ a b c d e McCabe 2005, p. 143. Robson, 2005 Retrieved: 18 June 2012 ^ a b c Cavett, Dick (7 September 2012). "The Fine Mess-Maker at Home". New York Times.  ^ a b c "The Making of Stan Laurel: Echoes of a British Boyhood", p. 95. McFarland, 2011. ^ a b Midwinter, Eric. "Laurel, Stan". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2006. Retrieved: 20 March 2010. ^ "Stan Laurel's former Bishop Auckland
Bishop Auckland
school 'left to rot'". The Northern Echo. 2012-02-04. Retrieved 2018-02-11.  ^ " Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
letter set to go under the hammer". The Northern Echo. 2014-09-13. Retrieved 2018-02-11.  ^ Bowers 2007, pp. 143–147. ^ Burton, Alan (2000). Pimple, pranks & pratfalls: British film comedy before 1930. Flicks Books. p. 51.  ^ Hogya, Bernie. "Letters From Stan – 1915–1923". www.lettersfromstan.com.  ^ "P.3". TheBrainyDeafSite.  ^ McCabe 1961, p. 18. ^ Bergan 1992, p. 33. ^ a b c "Stan at Queen's first Royal Variety Show". North West Evening Mail. ^ Bergen 1992, p. 118. ^ "Latter." The Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
Correspondence Archive Project. Retrieved: 8 September 2012. ^ "Our New Phone Number is Jenny's 867-5309 and it's Not Funny Anymore!".  ^ "Old Telephone Exchange Names - Los Angeles County". Laalmanac.com. Retrieved 2 February 2014.  ^ Telephone exchange names ^ "Exchanging Times". Los Angeles Times. 15 December 1996. Retrieved 2 February 2014.  ^ "Western Section of the Los Angeles Extended Area Telephone Directory with Classified Section for Beverly Hills." The Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company, 1951. ^ Brody, Richard. "Front Row: Jerry Lewis, Writer", New Yorker, 5 May 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011. ^ Simon Louvish, Stan and Ollie, The Roots of Comedy, Faber & Faber 2001 ISBN 0-571-21590-4 ^ San Bernardino Sun, Volume 44, 7 December 1937, Page 4, "Stan Laurels in Agreement" Accessed 2017-4-15 ^ a b c Harnisch, Larry. "Stan Laurel's stormy marriage full of off-screen drama." Los Angeles Times, 21 June 2009. Retrieved: 20 March 2010. ^ Lois Laurel Hawes, Daughter of Stan Laurel, Dies at 89 ^ Associated Press, "Surrenders Her Name", The Spokesman-Review, Spokane, Washington, Friday 2 February 1940, Volume 57, Number 264, page 2. ^ "Correspondence: April 4–29, 1964." The Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
Correspondence Project via lettersfromstan.com. Retrieved: 20 August 2011. ^ "Correspondence: January 4–29, 1965." The Stan Laurel Correspondence Project via lettersfromstan.com. Retrieved: 10 August 2011. ^ " Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
Dies. Teamed With Oliver Hardy
Oliver Hardy
in 200 Slapstick Films-Played 'Simple' Foil." The New York Times, 24 February 1965. Retrieved: 20 March 2010. ^ Bergen 1992, pp. 119–120. ^ ebonyivorymovies (2 January 2014). "Raw footage of Stan Laurels funeral with Dick Van Dyke, Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
and more" – via YouTube.  ^ Dyke, Dick Van (3 May 2011). "My Lucky Life In and Out of Show Business: A Memoir". Crown/Archetype – via Google Books.  ^ Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Locations 26901-26907). McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Kindle Edition. ^ Levy 2005, p. 5. ^ "Roll of Honour". Grand Order of Water Rats. Retrieved 17 April 2017.  ^ " Neil Brand
Neil Brand
- Stan - BBC Radio 4
BBC Radio 4
Extra". BBC.  ^ " BBC Four
BBC Four
Cinema - Silent Cinema Season." BBC. Retrieved: 20 March 2010. ^ "The Battle for Bottesford – the border town of Nottinghamshire and Leicestershire." Archived 7 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Leicestershire Magazine, 31 July 2010. Retrieved: 6 October 2010. ^ Roberts, Will. "Laurel proves Hardy after disaster delays: Statue of Laurel arrives in Bishop Auckland." thenorthernecho, 13 August 2008. Retrieved: 20 March 2010. ^ "Statue honours Laurel and Hardy." BBC, 19 April 2009. Retrieved: 20 March 2010. ^ "Hundreds attend Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
statue unveiling", The Telegraph. Retrieved: 25 July 2012. ^ "'...And this is my friend Mr Laurel'", jeffreyholland.co.uk. Retrieved: 2 March 2015 ^ a b " Steve Coogan
Steve Coogan
and John C. Reilly
John C. Reilly
will be Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
in Stan & Ollie". Empire magazine. 18 January 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

Bergen, Ronald. The Life and Times of Laurel and Hardy. New York: Smithmark, 1992. ISBN 0-8317-5459-1. Bowers, Judith. Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
and Other Stars of the Panopticon: The Story of the Britannia Music Hall. Edinburgh: Birlinn Ltd, 2007. ISBN 1-84158-617-X. Louvish, Simon. Stan and Ollie: The Roots of Comedy. London: Faber & Faber, 2001. ISBN 0-571-21590-4. Marriot, A.J. Laurel & Hardy: The British Tours. Hitchen, Herts, UK: AJ Marriot, 1993. ISBN 0-9521308-0-7. Levy, Joe, ed. Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. New York: Wenner Books, 2005. ISBN 978-1-932958-61-4. McCabe, John. Babe: The Life of Oliver Hardy. London: Robson Books Ltd., 2004. ISBN 1-86105-781-4. McCabe, John. Comedy World of Stan Laurel. London: Robson Books, 2005, First edition 1975. ISBN 978-1-86105-780-8. McCabe, John. Mr. Laurel & Mr. Hardy: An Affectionate Biography. London: Robson Books, 2004, First edition 1961, ISBN 1-86105-606-0. Stone, Rob. Laurel or Hardy: The Solo Films of Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
and Oliver Hardy. Temecula, California: Split Reel Books, 1996 Okuda, Ted and James L. Neibaur. Stan Without Ollie: The Stan Laurel Solo Films. Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Co., 2012 Guiles, Fred Lawrence. Stan: The Life of Stan Laurel. New York: Stein and Day., 1980

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stan Laurel.

Works by or about Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
at Internet Archive Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
on IMDb Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
at the TCM Movie Database The Making of Stan Laurel: Echoes of a British Boyhood article at Brenton Film by Danny Lawrence, Stan Laurel's biographer Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
Museum, Ulverston The Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
Correspondence Archive Project

v t e

Laurel and Hardy

Stan Laurel Oliver Hardy

Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
filmography Oliver Hardy
Oliver Hardy
filmography Combined filmography Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
(animated series) The All New Adventures of Laurel & Hardy in For Love or Mummy Music The Sons of the Desert

v t e

Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor
Technicolor
Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

v t e

Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award

1962: Eddie Cantor 1963: Stan Laurel 1965: Bob Hope 1966: Barbara Stanwyck 1967: William Gargan 1968: James Stewart 1969: Edward G. Robinson 1970: Gregory Peck 1971: Charlton Heston 1972: Frank Sinatra 1973: Martha Raye 1974: Walter Pidgeon 1975: Rosalind Russell 1976: Pearl Bailey 1977: James Cagney 1978: Edgar Bergen 1979: Katharine Hepburn 1980: Leon Ames 1982: Danny Kaye 1983: Ralph Bellamy 1984: Iggie Wolfington 1985: Paul Newman
Paul Newman
and Joanne Woodward 1986: Nanette Fabray 1987: Red Skelton 1988: Gene Kelly 1989: Jack Lemmon 1990: Brock Peters 1991: Burt Lancaster 1992: Audrey Hepburn 1993: Ricardo Montalbán 1994: George Burns 1995: Robert Redford 1996: Angela Lansbury 1997: Elizabeth Taylor 1998: Kirk Douglas 1999: Sidney Poitier 2000: Ossie Davis
Ossie Davis
and Ruby Dee 2001: Ed Asner 2002: Clint Eastwood 2003: Karl Malden 2004: James Garner 2005: Shirley Temple 2006: Julie Andrews 2007: Charles Durning 2008: James Earl Jones 2009: Betty White 2010: Ernest Borgnine 2011: Mary Tyler Moore 2012: Dick Van Dyke 2013: Rita Moreno 2014: Debbie Reynolds 2015: Carol Burnett 2016: Lily Tomlin 2017: Morgan Freeman

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 44486990 LCCN: n79066701 ISNI: 0000 0001 0857 1156 GND: 118570196 SUDOC: 030625394 BNF: cb13922290c (data) MusicBrainz: ae92e6b7-1e51-403a-9798-dd432c45df5f NKC: jn20000701013 BNE: XX902075 SN

.