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Stan Getz
Stan Getz
(born Stanley Gayetski; February 2, 1927 – June 6, 1991) was an American jazz saxophonist. Playing primarily the tenor saxophone, Getz was known as "The Sound" because of his warm, lyrical tone, his prime influence being the wispy, mellow timbre of his idol, Lester Young. Coming to prominence in the late 1940s with Woody Herman's big band, Getz is described by critic Scott Yanow as "one of the all-time great tenor saxophonists".[1] Getz performed in bebop and cool jazz groups. Influenced by João Gilberto
João Gilberto
and Antônio Carlos Jobim, he popularized bossa nova in America with the hit single "The Girl from Ipanema" (1964).

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal life 4 Discography 5 Awards 6 Bibliography 7 References 8 External links

Early life[edit] Getz was born Stanley Gayetski on February 2, 1927, at St. Vincent's Hospital in Philadelphia. His grandparents Harris and Beckie Gayetski were from the Kiev
Kiev
area of Russian Empire
Russian Empire
but migrated to Whitechapel, in the East End of London and owned the Harris Tailor Shop at 52 Oxford Street for more than 13 years. In 1913, Harris and Beckie emigrated to the United States with their three sons Al, Phil, and Ben after their son Louis Gayetski in 1912 (Getz's father Al was born in Mile End, London, England in 1904 and his mother Goldie Yampolsky in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in 1907). The Getz family first settled in Philadelphia, but during the Depression the family moved to New York City, seeking better employment opportunities. Getz worked hard in school, receiving straight As, and finished sixth grade close to the top of his class. Getz's major interest was in musical instruments and he played a number of them before his father bought him his first saxophone at the age of 13. Even though his father also got him a clarinet, Getz instantly fell in love with the saxophone and began practicing eight hours a day. He attended James Monroe High School in the Bronx. In 1941, he was accepted into the All City High School Orchestra of New York City. This gave him a chance to receive private, free tutoring from the New York Philharmonic's Simon Kovar, a bassoon player. He also continued playing the saxophone. He eventually dropped out of school in order to pursue his musical career, but was later sent back to the classroom by the school system's truancy officers.[1] In 1943 at the age of 16,[2] he was accepted into Jack Teagarden's band, and because of his youth he became Teagarden's ward. Getz also played along with Nat King Cole
Nat King Cole
and Lionel Hampton. After playing for Stan Kenton, Jimmy Dorsey, and Benny Goodman, Getz was a soloist with Woody Herman
Woody Herman
from 1947 to 1949 in "The Second Herd", and he first gained wide attention as one of the band's saxophonists, who were known collectively as "The Four Brothers", the others being Serge Chaloff, Zoot Sims
Zoot Sims
and Herbie Steward.[2] With Herman, he had a hit with "Early Autumn" and after Getz left "The Second Herd" he was able to launch his solo career. He was the leader on almost all of his recording sessions after 1950. Career[edit] Getz's reputation was greatly enhanced by his featured performance on Johnny Smith's 1952 album Moonlight in Vermont, that year's top jazz album. The single of the title tune became a hit that stayed on the charts for months.[3] In the mid to late 1950s working from Scandinavia, Getz became popular playing cool jazz with Horace Silver, Johnny Smith, Oscar Peterson, and many others. His first two quintets were notable for their personnel, including Charlie Parker's rhythm section of drummer Roy Haynes, pianist Al Haig and bassist Tommy Potter. A 1953 line-up of the Dizzy Gillespie/ Stan Getz
Stan Getz
Sextet featured Gillespie, Getz, Peterson, Herb Ellis, Ray Brown and Max Roach.[1] Returning to the U.S. from Europe in 1961, Getz became a central figure in introducing bossa nova music to the American audience. Teaming with guitarist Charlie Byrd, who had just returned from a U.S. State Department tour of Brazil, Getz recorded Jazz
Jazz
Samba in 1962 and it quickly became a hit. Getz won the Grammy for Best Jazz
Jazz
Performance of 1963 for "Desafinado", from the same album. It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc.[4] His second bossa nova album, also recorded in 1962, was Big Band Bossa Nova with composer and arranger Gary McFarland. As a follow-up, Getz recorded the album, Jazz
Jazz
Samba Encore!, with one of the originators of bossa nova, Brazilian guitarist Luiz Bonfá. It also sold more than a million copies by 1964, giving Getz his second gold disc.[4] He then recorded the album Getz/Gilberto, in 1963,[5] with Antônio Carlos Jobim, João Gilberto
João Gilberto
and his wife, Astrud Gilberto. Their "The Girl from Ipanema" won a Grammy Award. The piece became one of the most well-known Latin jazz
Latin jazz
tracks. Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
won two Grammys (Best Album and Best Single). A live album, Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
Vol. 2, followed, as did Getz Au Go Go
Getz Au Go Go
(1964), a live recording at the Cafe au Go Go. Getz's love affair with Astrud Gilberto
Astrud Gilberto
brought an end to his musical partnership with her and her husband, and he began to move away from bossa nova and back to cool jazz. While still working with the Gilbertos, he recorded the jazz album Nobody Else but Me (1964), with a new quartet including vibraphonist Gary Burton, but Verve Records, wishing to continue building the Getz brand with bossa nova, refused to release it. It came out 30 years later, after Getz had died. In 1972, Getz recorded in the fusion idiom with Chick Corea, Tony Williams and Stanley Clarke, and in this period experimented with an Echoplex
Echoplex
on his saxophone. He had a cameo in the film The Exterminator (1980). In the mid-1980s Getz worked regularly in the San Francisco Bay area and taught at Stanford University as an artist-in-residence at the Stanford Jazz
Jazz
Workshop until 1988.[6] In 1986, he was inducted into the Down Beat
Down Beat
Jazz
Jazz
Hall of Fame. During 1988, Getz worked with Huey Lewis and the News on their Small World album. He played the extended solo on part 2 of the title track, which became a minor hit single. His tenor saxophone of choice was the Selmer Mark VI. Personal life[edit]

With his granddaughter Katie in 1987 at the Lincoln Center

Getz married Beverly Byrne, a vocalist with the Gene Krupa
Gene Krupa
band, on November 7, 1946 in Los Angeles; they had three children together, Steve, David and Beverly. As a teenager, Getz had become involved with drugs and alcohol. In 1954, he was arrested for attempting to rob a pharmacy for morphine. As he was being processed in the prison ward of Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center, Beverly gave birth to their third child one floor below. Immediately after his divorce from Byrne in Nevada on November 3, 1956, he married Monica Silfverskiöld,[7] daughter of Swedish physician and former Olympic medalist Nils Silfverskiöld. They had two children, Pamela and Nicolaus. The pair lived in Copenhagen, Denmark, partly to escape Getz's legal problems. Getz was abusive towards his children and occasionally towards Monica.[8] He filed for divorce in 1981[8] but the petition was not granted until 1987.[9] In 1990 Monica Getz petitioned the United States Supreme Court to have their divorce verdict overturned. New York State law required that settlement agreements be heard in trial court instead of family court. Monica claimed that the law discriminated against women who, like her, could be bankrupted by paying trial lawyers.[8] The Supreme Court declined to hear the case.[9] Zoot Sims, who had known Getz since their time with Herman, once described him as "a nice bunch of guys", alluding to the wide range of his personality. Getz died of liver cancer on June 6, 1991. His ashes were poured from his saxophone case six miles off the coast of Marina del Rey, California, by his grandson, Chris. In 1998, the Stan Getz
Stan Getz
Media Center and Library at Berklee College of Music was dedicated through a donation from the Herb Alpert Foundation. Discography[edit] Main article: Stan Getz
Stan Getz
discography Awards[edit]

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Jazz
Jazz
Performance, Soloist or Small Group (Instrumental) "Desafinado", 1962[10] Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Record of the Year, "The Girl from Ipanema", 1964[11] Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Album of the Year, Getz/Gilberto, Stan Getz
Stan Getz
and João Gilberto (Verve) 1964[12] Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Instrumental Jazz
Jazz
Performance, Small Group or Soloist With Small Group, Getz/Gilberto, Stan Getz
Stan Getz
1964[10] Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Jazz
Jazz
Solo Performance, "I Remember You", 1991[13]

Bibliography[edit]

Astrup, Arne. The Stan Getz
Stan Getz
Discography, 1978. Churchill, Nicholas. Stan Getz: An Annotated Bibliography and Filmography, 2005. Gelly, Dave. Stan Getz: Nobody Else But Me, 2002. Kirkpatrick, Ron. Stan Getz: An Appreciation of His Recorded Work, 1992. Maggin, Donald L. (1996). Stan Getz. A Life in Jazz. New York: William Morrow. ISBN 0-688-15555-3.  Palmer, Richard. Stan Getz, 1988. Taylor, Dennis. Jazz
Jazz
Saxophone: An In-depth Look at the Styles of the Tenor Masters, 2004.

References[edit]

^ a b c Yanow, Scott. "Stan Getz". AllMusic. Retrieved November 23, 2014.  ^ a b Pbs.org "Oxford University Press" PBS – Jazz
Jazz
– A film By Ken Burns ^ Eric Schneider (1952-03-11). "Moonlight in Vermont - Johnny Smith, Johnny Smith Quintet Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015-08-18.  ^ a b Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. pp. 146–147. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.  ^ page 208 of "italic" The Latin Beat "italic" by Ed Morales ^ "Stan Getz". NNDb.com. Retrieved 2015-08-18.  ^ "Monica Getz". Lund University Foundation. Lund University Foundation. Retrieved 24 March 2015.  ^ a b c Margolick, David (26 November 1990). "Ex-Wife of Stan Getz Testing a Divorce Law". New York Times. Retrieved 24 March 2015.  ^ a b Watrous, Peter (7 June 1991). "Stan Getz, 64, Saxophonist, Dies; A Melodist With His Own Sound". New York Times. Retrieved 24 March 2015.  ^ a b Inc, Nielsen Business Media (2000-02-05). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc.  ^ "7th Annual GRAMMY Awards". GRAMMY.com. 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2017-04-29.  ^ Jazz, All About. "Stan Getz: Spring 1976". All About Jazz. Retrieved 2017-04-29.  ^ " Stan Getz
Stan Getz
Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2017-04-29. 

External links[edit]

Official Stan Getz
Stan Getz
homepage 1986 Interview Getz discography

v t e

Stan Getz

Studio albums

Moonlight in Vermont (1952) Diz and Getz (1953) Stan Getz Plays
Stan Getz Plays
(1955) Hamp and Getz
Hamp and Getz
with Lionel Hampton
Lionel Hampton
(1955) West Coast Jazz
Jazz
(1955) Stan Getz in Stockholm
Stan Getz in Stockholm
(1955) For Musicians Only (1956) The Soft Swing
The Soft Swing
(1957) Jazz
Jazz
Giants '58 (1957) Award Winner: Stan Getz
Stan Getz
(1957) Stan Getz
Stan Getz
and the Oscar Peterson
Oscar Peterson
Trio with Oscar Peterson
Oscar Peterson
(1957) Gerry Mulligan Meets Stan Getz
Gerry Mulligan Meets Stan Getz
with Gerry Mulligan
Gerry Mulligan
(1957) Like Someone in Love (1957) Stan Meets Chet
Stan Meets Chet
with Chet Baker
Chet Baker
(1958) Cool Velvet
Cool Velvet
(1960) Focus (1961) Recorded Fall 1961
Recorded Fall 1961
(1961) Jazz
Jazz
Samba (1962) Big Band Bossa Nova (1962) Jazz
Jazz
Samba Encore! (1963) Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
(1963) Stan Getz with Guest Artist Laurindo Almeida
Stan Getz with Guest Artist Laurindo Almeida
(1963) Stan Getz
Stan Getz
& Bill Evans (1964) Bob Brookmeyer and Friends (1964) Voices (1966) Sweet Rain
Sweet Rain
(1967) Didn't We (1969) Captain Marvel (1972) But Beautiful (1974) The Best of Two Worlds
The Best of Two Worlds
Featuring João Gilberto
João Gilberto
(1976) Voyage (1986) Nobody Else But Me (1994) Bossas & Ballads – The Lost Sessions (2003)

Compilation albums

Conception (1956) People Time: The Complete Recordings (2010)

Live albums

West Coast Live (1953) Stan Getz at The Shrine
Stan Getz at The Shrine
(1954) Stan Getz and J. J. Johnson at the Opera House
Stan Getz and J. J. Johnson at the Opera House
with J. J. Johnson (1957) At the Opera House
At the Opera House
(1957) Getz Au Go Go
Getz Au Go Go
(1964) Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
Vol. 2 (1966)

Related

Discography

v t e

Kenny Clarke/Francy Boland Big Band

Kenny Clarke

Johnny Griffin Muvaffak "Maffy" Falay Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis Ronnie Scott Carl Drewo Tony Coe Derek Humble Nat Peck Åke Persson Duško Gojković Stan Sulzmann Ack van Rooyen John Surman Jimmy Deuchar Manfred Schoof Albert Mangelsdorff Erik van Lier Ron Mathewson Fats Sadi Kenny Clare Benny Bailey Jimmy Woode Art Farmer Sahib Shihab Shake Keane Idrees Sulieman Herb Geller Phil Woods Zoot Sims Stan Getz John Bodwin Derek Watkins

Studio albums

Jazz
Jazz
Is Universal (1962) Handle with Care (1963) Now Hear Our Meanin'
Now Hear Our Meanin'
(1965) Swing, Waltz, Swing
Swing, Waltz, Swing
(1966) Sax No End
Sax No End
(1967) Out of the Folk Bag
Out of the Folk Bag
(1967) 17 Men and Their Music
17 Men and Their Music
(1967) All Smiles (1968) Faces (1968) More (1968) Latin Kaleidoscope
Latin Kaleidoscope
(1968) Fellini 712
Fellini 712
(1969) All Blues (1969) More Smiles
More Smiles
(1969) Off Limits (1970) November Girl
November Girl
(1970) Change of Scenes
Change of Scenes
(1971)

Live albums

Clarke Boland Big Band en Concert avec Europe 1
Clarke Boland Big Band en Concert avec Europe 1
(1969)

Related albums

Bohemia After Dark (1955) The Golden 8
The Golden 8
(1961) Americans in Europe
Americans in Europe
Vol. 1 (1963)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 113597520 LCCN: n81018141 ISNI: 0000 0001 1033 0511 GND: 119189941 SELIBR: 213527 SUDOC: 029831954 BNF: cb138944199 (data) BIBSYS: 55962 MusicBrainz: 8f2422ab-0ec6-4c92-80c4-afe9622fab32 BNE: XX856

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