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The International Lenin Peace Prize (Russian: международная Ленинская премия мира, mezhdunarodnaya Leninskaya premiya mira) was a Soviet Union award named in honor of Vladimir Lenin. It was awarded by a panel appointed by the Soviet government, to notable individuals whom the panel indicated had "strengthened peace among comrades". It was founded as the International Stalin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples, but was renamed the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples (Russian: Международная Ленинская премия «За укрепление мира между народами», Mezhdunarodnaya Leninskaya premiya «za ukrepleniye mira mezhdu narodami» ) as a result of destalinization. Unlike the Nobel Prize, the Lenin Peace Prize was usually awarded to several people a year rather than to just one individual. The prize was mainly awarded to prominent Communists and supporters of the Soviet Union who were not Soviet citizens. Notable recipients include: W. E. B. Du Bois, Fidel Castro, Salvador Allende, Mikis Theodorakis, Sean MacBride, Angela Davis, Pablo Picasso, Oscar Niemeyer, Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Abdul Sattar Edhi and Nelson Mandela.

Contents

1 History 2 Stalin Prize recipients

2.1 1950 2.2 1951 2.3 1952 2.4 1953 2.5 1954 2.6 1955

3 Lenin Prize recipients

3.1 1957 3.2 1958 3.3 1959 3.4 1960 3.5 1961 3.6 1962 3.7 1963 3.8 1964 3.9 1965 3.10 1966 3.11 1967 3.12 1968–1969 3.13 1970–1971 3.14 1972 3.15 1973–1974 3.16 1975–1976 3.17 1977–1978 3.18 1979 3.19 1980–1982 3.20 1983–1984 3.21 1985–1986 3.22 1987 3.23 1988 3.24 1989 3.25 1990 3.26 ? 3.27 ?

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] The prize was created as the International Stalin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples on December 21, 1949 by executive order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in honor of Joseph Stalin's seventieth birthday (although this was after his seventy-first). Following Nikita Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalin in 1956 during the Twentieth Party Congress, the prize was renamed on September 6 as the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples. All previous recipients were asked to return their Stalin Prizes so they could be replaced by the renamed Lenin Prize. By a decision of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 11, 1989, the prize was renamed the International Lenin Peace Prize.[1] Two years later, after the collapse of USSR in 1991, the Russian government, as the successor state to the defunct Soviet Union, ended the award program. The Lenin Peace Prize is regarded as a counterpart to the existing Nobel Peace Prize. The International Lenin Prize should not be confused with the International Peace Prize, awarded by the World Peace Council. In 1941 the Soviet Union created the Stalin Prize (later renamed the USSR State Prize), which was awarded annually to accomplished Soviet writers, composers, artists and scientists. Stalin Prize recipients[edit] 1950[edit] Awarded April 6, 1951 – Seven winners

Frédéric Joliot-Curie[2][3] Soong Ching-ling (Madame Sun Yat-sen)[2][3] Hewlett Johnson[2][3] Eugénie Cotton[2][3] Arthur Wheelock Moulton[2][3]-Declined Pak Chong Ae[2][3] Heriberto Jara Corona[2][3]

1951[edit] Awarded December 20, 1951 -Six winners

Guo Moruo[4][5] Monica Felton[5][6] Oyama Ikuo[5][6] Pietro Nenni[5][6] Anna Seghers[5][6] Jorge Amado[5][6][7]

1952[edit] Awarded December 20, 1952 – Seven winners

Johannes Becher[6][8] Eliza Branco (pt)[6][8] Ilya Ehrenburg[6][8] Rev. James Gareth Endicott[6][8] Yves Farge[6][8] Saifuddin Kitchlew[6][8] Paul Robeson[6][8]

1953[edit] Awarded December 12, 1953 – Ten winners

Andrea Andreen[6][9] John Desmond Bernal[4][9] Isabelle Blume[6][9] Howard Fast[6][9] Andrew Gaggiero (it)[6][9] Leon Kruczkowski[6][9] Pablo Neruda[6][7][9] Nina Vasilevna Popova (ru)[6][9] Sir Sahib Singh Sokhey[6][9] Pierre Cot[9]

1954[edit] Awarded December 18, 1954 – Nine winners

Alain Le Léap (fr)[10] Baldomero Sanín Cano[7][10] Prijono[10] Bertolt Brecht[10][11] André Bonnard (ru)[10][11] Thakin Kodaw Hmaing[10][11] Felix Iversen[10][11] Nicolás Guillén[7][10][12] Denis Nowell Pritt[10][13]

1955[edit] Awarded December 9, 1955 – Six Winners

Lázaro Cárdenas[14][15] Muhammad al-Ashmar[14][15] Karl Joseph Wirth[14][15] Tôn Đức Thắng[14][15] Akiko Seki[14][15] Ragnar Forbech (nb)[14][15]

Lenin Prize recipients[edit] 1957[edit]

Louis Aragon (1957)[13] Emmanuel d'Astier (1957)[13] Heinrich Brandweiner (de) (b. 1910) (1957)[13] Danilo Dolci (b. 1924) (1957)[13][16] María Rosa Oliver (b. 1898) (1957)[7][13] Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (1957)[13] Udakendawala Siri Saranankara Thero (nl) (b. 1902) (1957)[13] Nikolay Semenovich Tikhonov (1957)[13]

1958[edit]

Josef Hromádka (1958)[4][17] Artur Lundkvist (1958)[4][18] Louis Saillant (fr) (1958)[4] Kaoru Yasui (ja) (1958)[4][19] Arnold Zweig (1958)[4][20]

1959[edit] Awarded April 30, 1959

Otto Buchwitz (de) (1959)[21][22] W. E. B. Du Bois (1959)[21][22] Nikita Khrushchev (1959)[21][22] Ivor Montagu (1959)[21][22] Kostas Varnalis (1959)[21][22]

1960[edit] Awarded May 3, 1960

Laurent Casanova (1960)[23][24] Cyrus Eaton (1960)[23][24] Sukarno (1960)[23][24] Aziz Sharif (1960)[24][25] Alexander Korneychuk (1960)[citation needed]

1961[edit] Awarded April 30, 1961

Fidel Castro (1961)[26][27] Ostap Dłuski (pl) (b. 1892 in Buczacz) (1961)[26][27] William Morrow (b. 1888) (1961)[26][27] Rameshwari Nehru (b. 1886) (1961)[26][27] Mihail Sadoveanu (1961)[26][27] Antoine Tabet (1961)[26][27] Ahmed Sékou Touré (1961)[26][27]

1962[edit] Awarded April 30, 1962

István Dobi (1962)[28][29][30] Olga Poblete de Espinosa (1962)[28][30] Faiz Ahmed Faiz (1962)[28][29][30] Kwame Nkrumah (1962)[28][29][30][31] Pablo Picasso (1962)[28][29][30]

1963[edit] Awarded May 1, 1963 – Four Awarded

Modibo Keita (1963)[31][32][33] Oscar Niemeyer (1963)[33][34] Georgi Traikov (1962)[33][35] Manolis Glezos (1962)[33][34]

1964[edit] Awarded May 1, 1964 – Three awarded

Ahmed Ben Bella[36] Dolores Ibárruri (1964)[12][36] Herluf Bidstrup[36] Rafael Alberti (1964)[37][verification needed] Kaoru Ota (ja) (1964)[37][verification needed]

1965[edit]

Mirjam Vire-Tuominen (fi) (1965)[38] Peter Ayodele Curtis Joseph (1965)[31][38] Jamsrangiin Sambuu (1965)[38]

Presented August 14, 1965

Aruna Asaf Ali (1964)[37][39]

1966[edit]

Miguel Ángel Asturias (1965)[7][38][40] Giacomo Manzù (1965)[38][41]

Awarded May 1, 1967 – Six awards

Herbert Warnke (de) (1966)[42][43] Rockwell Kent (1966)[42][43] Ivan Málek (1966)[42][43] Martin Niemöller (1966)[42][43] David Alfaro Siqueiros (1966)[42][43] Bram Fischer (1966)[42][43]

1967[edit]

Joris Ivens (1967)[44] Nguyễn Thị Định (1967)[44] Jorge Zalamea (1967)[7][44] Romesh Chandra (1967)[44] Endre Sík (1967)[44] Jean Effel (1967)[44]

1968–1969[edit] Awarded April 16, 1970 – Seven awards

Akira Iwai (ja) (b. 1922) (1968–69)[11] Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz (1968–69)[11] Khaled Mohieddin (1968–69)[11] Linus Pauling (1968–69)[11][45] Shafie Ahmed el Sheikh (b. 1924 – d. 1971) (1968–69)[11][31] Bertil Svahnström (sv) (b. 1907 – d. 1972) (1968–69)[11] Ludvík Svoboda (1968–69)[11][45]

1970–1971[edit] (No awards given in 1971 [46])

Hikmat Abu Zayd (1970–71)[47] Eric Henry Stoneley Burhop (1970–71)[48][49] Ernst Busch (1970–71)[48] Tsola Dragoycheva (1970–71)[48] Renato Guttuso (1970–71)[48][50] Kamal Jumblatt (1970–71)[48][51] Alfredo Varela (es) (1970–71)[7][48] Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti (1970–71)[52][53]

1972[edit] Awarded May 1, 1973 – Four awards

James Aldridge (1972)[54][55] Salvador Allende (1972)[54][55] Leonid Brezhnev (1972)[54][55] Enrique Pastorino (1972)[54][55]

1973–1974[edit]

Luis Corvalán (1973–74)[56] Raymond Goor (1973–74)[56] Jeanne-Martin Cissé (1973–74)[56] Sam Nujoma[31]

1975–1976[edit] Awarded May 1977 – Seven Awards

Hortensia Bussi de Allende (1975–76)[57][58] János Kádár (1975–76)[57][58] Seán MacBride (1975–76)[57][58] Samora Machel (1975–76)[31][57][58] Agostinho Neto (1975–76)[31][57][58] Pierre Pouyade (1975–76)[57][58] Yannis Ritsos (1975–76)[57][58]

1977–1978[edit] Awarded May 1, 1979 – Six Awards

Kurt Bachmann (de) (1977–78)[59][60] Freda Yetta Brown (1977–78)[59][60] Vilma Espín Guillois (1977–78)[59][60] Kumara Padma Sivasankara Menon (1977–78)[59][60] Halina Skibniewska (1977–78)[59][60]

1979[edit] Awarded April 30, 1980 – Five Awardees

Angela Davis (1979)[59][60] Hervé Bazin (1979)[61][62] Lê Duẩn (1979)[61][62] Urho Kekkonen (1979)[61][62][63][64] Abd al-Rahman al-Hamisi (ar) (1979)[61][62] Miguel Otero Silva (1979)[61][62]

1980–1982[edit] Awarded May 1983 – 4 awards

Mahmoud Darwish (1980–82)[65][66] John Morgan (1980–82)[65][66] Líber Seregni (1980–82)[65][66] Mikis Theodorakis (1980–82)[65][66]

1983–1984[edit] Awarded May 1, 1985 – Six Awards

Indira Gandhi (1983–84)[67][68][69] Jean-Marie Legay (1983–84)[67][68][69] Eva Palmer (1983–84)[67][68][69] Nguyễn Hữu Thọ (1983–84)[67][68][69] Luis Vidales (1983–84)[67][68][69] Josef Weber (de) (1983–84)[67][68][69] Charilaos Florakis (1983–84)[citation needed]

1985–1986[edit]

Miguel d'Escoto (1985–86)[70][71] Dorothy Hodgkin (1985–86)[70] Herbert Mies (1985–86)[70] Julius Nyerere (1985–86)[70][72] Petr Tanchev (1985–86)[70]

1987[edit]

Evan Litwack (1986–87)[citation needed]

1988[edit]

Abdul Sattar Edhi (1988)[73]

1989[edit]

Álvaro Cunhal (1989)[citation needed]

1990[edit]

Nelson Mandela1 (1990)[31][74][75]

1. Mandela was awarded the International Lenin Peace Prize in 1990 but, due to his trial and imprisonment in South Africa, was unable to accept the prize until 2002. ?[edit]

Lady Valerie Goulding [76]

?[edit]

Martti Ahtisaari [76]

See also[edit]

Atoms for Peace Award

References[edit]

^ "ПОСТАНОВЛЕНИЕ ПРЕЗИДИУМА ВС СССР ОТ 11.12.1989 N 905-1 О МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ ЛЕНИНСКОЙ ПРЕМИИ МИРА" (in Russian). 2006-10-12.  ^ a b c d e f g О присуждении международных Сталинских премий "За укрепление мира между народами" за 1950 год. Pravda. Apr 6, 1951 [1] ^ a b c d e f g The Deseret News – Apr 7, 1951 ^ a b c d e f g Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1959.  ^ a b c d e f The Miami News – Dec 21, 1951 ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian) (2nd ed.). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1953. vol. 24, p. 366.  ^ a b c d e f g h El Tiempo – Jun 10, 1980 ^ a b c d e f g Eugene Register-Guard – Dec 22, 1952 ^ a b c d e f g h i j Reading Eagle – Dec 21, 1953 ^ a b c d e f g h i St. Petersburg Times – Dec 21, 1954 ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian) (3rd ed.). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya.  In some cases in GSE's 3rd edition the year is that, "in which" the Prize was awarded, in other cases – "for which". Hence, the year "1970" there seems to be the Prize "for 1969" or "for 1968–1969" ^ a b Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1989.  ^ a b c d e f g h i Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1958.  ^ a b c d e f О присуждении международных Сталинских премий "За укрепление мира между народами" за 1955 год. Pravda. Dec 21, 1955, page 1 [2] ^ a b c d e f Toledo Blade – Dec 21, 1955 ^ The Telegraph – Apr 8, 1965 ^ Toledo Blade – Dec 29, 1969 ^ Eugene Register-Guard – Oct 8, 1983 ^ Reading Eagle – Apr 11, 1965 ^ Vochenblatt – Nov 27, 1958 ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1960.  ^ a b c d e The Deseret News – May 1, 1959 ^ a b c Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1961.  ^ a b c d The Spokesman-Review – May 4, 1960 ^ Yitzhak Oron, ed. (1960). Middle East Record Volume 1.  ^ a b c d e f g Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1962.  ^ a b c d e f g Schenectady Gazette – May 1, 1961 ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1963.  ^ a b c d The Milwaukee Journal – Apr 30, 1962 ^ a b c d e Daytona Beach Morning Journal – May 1, 1962 ^ a b c d e f g h Meddlesome Medals? ^ "Modibo Keita." Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed. 17 Vols. Gale Research, 1998. ^ a b c d Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1963 ^ a b Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1964.  ^ Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1965.  ^ a b c Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1964 ^ a b c Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1966.  ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1967. p. 623.  ^ The Sumter Daily Item – Aug 14, 1965 ^ The Milwaukee Journal – Jun 10, 1974 ^ Lodi News-Sentinel – Jan 19, 1991 ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1968. p. 622.  ^ a b c d e f The Miami News – May 1, 1967 ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1969. p. 607.  ^ a b Toledo Blade – Jun 17, 1970 ^ The Deseret News – Apr 14, 1971 ^ Shukri, Sabin M. (1984). The International Who's Who of the Arab World (2nd ed.). London: International Who's Who of the Arab World. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-9506122-1-8.  ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1972. p. 618.  ^ Toledo Blade – Jan 23, 1980 ^ The Palm Beach Post – Jan 19, 1987 ^ Lewiston Evening Journal – Mar 16, 1977 ^ Ian Sansom (11 December 2010). "Great Dynasties: The Ransome-Kutis". The Guardian. Retrieved June 18, 2014.  ^ Johnson-Odim, Cheryl (January–February 2009). "'For their freedoms': The anti-imperialist and international feminist activity of Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti of Nigeria". Women's Studies International Forum, special issue: Circling the Globe: International Feminism Reconsidered, 1910 to 1975. ScienceDirect. 32 (1): 58. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2009.01.004.  Pdf.[permanent dead link] ^ a b c d Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1973. p. 634.  ^ a b c d The Milwaukee Journal – May 1, 1973 ^ a b c Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1975. p. 653.  ^ a b c d e f g Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1977. p. 633.  ^ a b c d e f g Lakeland Ledger – May 2, 1977 ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1979. p. 573.  ^ a b c d e f The Spokesman-Review – May 1, 1979 ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1980. p. 577.  ^ a b c d e Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1980 ^ The Evening Independent, October 27, 1981 ^ Star-News – Nov 14, 1980 ^ a b c d Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1983.  ^ a b c d Reading Eagle – May 4, 1983 ^ a b c d e f Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1985. p. 571.  ^ a b c d e f El Tiempo – May 1, 1985 ^ a b c d e f LENIN PEACE PRIZE AWARDED TO INDIRA GANDHI ^ a b c d e Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1987. p. 599.  ^ Herald-Journal – Jan 15, 1988 ^ The Telegraph – Sep 9, 1987 ^ Daily Times, January 30th 2008 ^ The Great Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1991. vol. 1, p. 759.  ^ MANDELA FINALLY PICKS UP PRIZE ^ a b "Lenin Peace Prize Recipients". Research History. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 

External links[edit]

Thoughts on winning the Stalin Peace Prize by Paul Robeson On Receiving the Stalin Peace Award by Howard Fast Soviet Prize Medals pictures of the medals and accompanying certificates (in Russian) PDF-version of issue of Pravda with ukaz about creation of prize.

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Concepts

Stalinism Neo-Stalinism Korenizatsiya Socialism in One Country Great Break Socialist realism Stalinist architecture Aggravation of class struggle under socialism Five-year plans Great Construction Projects of Communism Engineers of the human soul 1936 Soviet Constitution New Soviet man Stakhanovite Transformation of nature

Controversies

National delimitation in the Soviet Union Demolition of Cathedral of Christ the Saviour Great Purge Holodomor Gulag Decossackization Dekulakization Population transfer (Nazi–Soviet) Forced settlement Great Break Tax on trees Hitler Youth Conspiracy Hotel Lux Wittorf affair Soviet war crimes Rootless cosmopolitan Night of the Murdered Poets Doctors' plot Moscow Trials Case of Trotskyist Anti-Soviet Military Organization Allegations of antisemitism NKVD prisoner massacres Murder of Sergey Kirov Katyń massacre Medvedev Forest massacre 1937 Soviet Census Deportations (Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina Koreans) Operation "North" Georgian Affair Mingrelian Affair Leningrad Affair Relationship with Shostakovich Lysenkoism Japhetic theory Suppressed research in the Soviet Union Censorship of images Operation "Lentil" in the Caucasus Operation "Priboi" Vinnytsia massacre Kurapaty 1946–1947 Soviet famine Nazino affair 1941 Red Army purge 1906 Bolshevik raid on the Tsarevich Giorgi 1907 Tiflis bank robbery Soviet offensive plans controversy

Works

"Marxism and the National Question" "The Principles of Leninism" "Declaration of the Rights of the Peoples of Russia" "Ten Blows" speech Alleged 19 August 1939 speech Falsifiers of History Stalin Note The History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks) 1936 Soviet Constitution Stalin's poetry Dialectical and Historical Materialism Order No. 227 Order No. 270 "Marxism and Problems of Linguistics"

De-Stalinization

20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Pospelov Commission Rehabilitation Khrushchev Thaw On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences Gomulka thaw (Polish October) Soviet Nonconformist Art Shvernik Commission 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Era of Stagnation

Criticism and opposition

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Remembrance

How the Steel Was Tempered Friends of the Soviet Union Iosif Stalin tank Iosif Stalin locomotive Generalissimus of the Soviet Union Stalin statues Pantheon, Moscow 1956 Georgian demonstrations Stalin Monument in Budapest Stalin Monument in Prague Joseph Stalin Museum, Gori Batumi Stalin Museum Places named after Stalin Yanks for Stalin Stalin Prize Stalin Peace Prize Stalin Society Stalin Bloc – For the USSR Name of Russia

Family

Besarion Jughashvili (father) Keke Geladze (mother) Kato Svanidze (first wife) Yakov Dzhugashvili (son) Konstantin Kuzakov (son) Artyom Sergeyev (adopted son) Nadezhda Alliluyeva (second wife) Vasily Dzhugashvili (son) Svetlana Alliluyeva (daughter) Yevgeny Dzhugashvili (grandson) Galina Dzhugashvili (granddaughter) Joseph Alliluyev (grandson) Sergei Alliluyev (second father-in-law) Alexander Svanidze (brother-in-law) Yuri Zhdanov (son-in-law) William Wesley Peters (son-in-law)

Friends

Ioseb Iremashvili Kamo (Bolshevik) Kliment Voroshilov Vyacheslav Molotov Lazar Kaganovich Grigory Ordzhonikidze Anastas Mikoyan

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