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The St. Louis Cardinals are an American
professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fieldin ...
team based in
St. Louis St. Louis () is the second-largest city in Missouri Missouri is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State ( ...

St. Louis
. The Cardinals compete in
Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, leag ...
(MLB) as a member club of the
National League The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is o ...
(NL)
Central Central is an adjective In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign languag ...
division. Since the
2006 season 6 (six) is the natural number following 5 and preceding 7. It is a composite number and the smallest perfect number. In mathematics 6 is the smallest positive integer which is neither a square number nor a prime number. Six is the second smallest ...
, the Cardinals have played their home games at
Busch Stadium Busch Stadium, also referred to informally as "New Busch Stadium" or "Busch Stadium III", is a baseball park located in St. Louis, Missouri, the home of the St. Louis Cardinals, the city's Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise. The stadium has ...

Busch Stadium
in downtown St. Louis. One of the nation's oldest and most successful professional baseball clubs, the Cardinals have won 11 World Series championships, the most of any NL team and second in MLB only to the
New York Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a pl ...
. The team has won 19 National League pennants, third-most of any team. St. Louis has also won 14 division titles in the
East East or Orient is one of the four cardinal direction The four cardinal directions, or cardinal points, are the directions , , , and , commonly denoted by their initials N, E, S, and W. East and west are (at s) to north and south, with east ...
and Central divisions. In 1881, entrepreneur
Chris von der Ahe Christian Friedrich (or Frederick) Wilhelm von der Ahe (; October 7, 1851 – June 5, 1913) was a German-American German Americans (german: Deutschamerikaner, ) are Americans Americans are the Citizenship of the United States, citizens and ...
purchased the Brown Stockings
barnstorming Barnstorming was a form of entertainment in which stunt pilot ''Stunt Pilot'' is a 1939 American adventure film directed by George Waggner and written by Scott Darling (screenwriter), Scott Darling and George Waggner. The film is based on the ...
club, renamed it the St. Louis Browns, and made it a charter member of the
American AssociationAmerican Association may refer to one of the following professional baseball leagues: * American Association (19th century), a major league active from 1882 to 1891 * American Association (20th century), a minor league active from 1902 to 1962 and 1 ...
baseball league. The team won four league championships, qualifying them to play in the era's professional baseball championship series, a forerunner of the modern
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...

World Series
. In two of these championships, the Browns met the Chicago White Stockings, now the
Chicago Cubs The Chicago Cubs are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on ...
launching the enduring
Cardinals–Cubs rivalry The Cardinals–Cubs rivalry, also called the Route 66 rivalry and The I-55 rivalry, refers to the rivalry between the St. Louis Cardinals and Chicago Cubs The Chicago Cubs are an American professional baseball team based in Chicago. The Cubs ...
. In 1892, the Browns – also called the Perfectos – joined the
National League The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is o ...
. In 1900, the team was renamed the Cardinals. (Two years later, an unrelated St. Louis Browns team joined the
American League The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League (AL), is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized bas ...
.) Notable Cardinals achievements include manager/owner
Branch Rickey Wesley Branch Rickey (December 20, 1881 – December 9, 1965) was an American baseball player and sports executive. Rickey was instrumental in breaking Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organizat ...
's invention of the
farm system In sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and Skill, skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some cases, entertainmen ...
,
Rogers Hornsby Rogers Hornsby Sr. (April 27, 1896 – January 5, 1963), nicknamed "The Rajah", was an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), battin ...

Rogers Hornsby
's two batting Triple Crowns,
Dizzy Dean Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean (January 16, 1910 – July 17, 1974), also known as Jerome Herman Dean (both the 1910 and 1920 Censuses show his name as "Jay"), was an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to th ...
's 30- win season in 1934,
Stan Musial Stanley Frank Musial (; born Stanislaw Franciszek Musial; November 21, 1920 – January 19, 2013), nicknamed Stan the Man, was an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games ...

Stan Musial
's 17 MLB and 29 NL records,
Bob Gibson Robert Gibson (born Pack Robert Gibson; November 9, 1935October 2, 2020) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) ...
's 1.12
earned run average In baseball statistics Baseball statistics play an important role in evaluating the progress of a player or team. Since the flow of a baseball game has natural breaks to it, and normally players act individually rather than performing in clu ...
(ERA) in 1968,
Whitey Herzog Dorrel Norman Elvert "Whitey" Herzog (; born November 9, 1931) is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or c ...
's Whiteyball,
Mark McGwire Mark David McGwire (born October 1, 1963), nicknamed Big Mac, is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team o ...

Mark McGwire
's single-season home run record in 1998, and the 2011 championship team's unprecedented comebacks. The Cardinals have won 105 or more games in four seasons and won 100 or more nine times. Cardinals players have won 20 league MVPs, four batting Triple Crowns, and three
Cy Young Award The Cy Young Award is given annually to the best pitcher player Noah Syndergaard pitching for the New York Mets in 2015 In baseball, the pitcher is the player who pitches the Baseball (ball), baseball from the pitcher's mound toward the catcher ...
s.
Baseball Hall of Fame The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is a history museum A museum ( ; plural museums or, rarely, musea) is a building or institution that Preservation (library and archival science), cares for and displays a collection (artwo ...

Baseball Hall of Fame
inductees include
Lou Brock Louis Clark Brock (June 18, 1939September 6, 2020) was an American professional baseball outfielder. He began his 19-year Major League Baseball (MLB) career with the 1961 Chicago Cubs but spent the majority of his big league career as a left fi ...

Lou Brock
,
Dizzy Dean Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean (January 16, 1910 – July 17, 1974), also known as Jerome Herman Dean (both the 1910 and 1920 Censuses show his name as "Jay"), was an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to th ...
,
Bob Gibson Robert Gibson (born Pack Robert Gibson; November 9, 1935October 2, 2020) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) ...
,
Whitey Herzog Dorrel Norman Elvert "Whitey" Herzog (; born November 9, 1931) is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or c ...
,
Rogers Hornsby Rogers Hornsby Sr. (April 27, 1896 – January 5, 1963), nicknamed "The Rajah", was an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), battin ...

Rogers Hornsby
,
Joe Medwick Joseph Michael Medwick (November 24, 1911 – March 21, 1975), nicknamed "Ducky" and "Muscles", was an American Major League Baseball player. A left fielder with the St. Louis Cardinals during the "Gashouse Gang" era of the 1930s, he also playe ...
,
Stan Musial Stanley Frank Musial (; born Stanislaw Franciszek Musial; November 21, 1920 – January 19, 2013), nicknamed Stan the Man, was an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games ...

Stan Musial
,
Enos Slaughter Enos Bradsher Slaughter (April 27, 1916 – August 12, 2002), nicknamed "Country", was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) right fielder. He played for 19 seasons on four major league teams from 1938–1942 and 1946–1959. He is noted primari ...
,
Branch Rickey Wesley Branch Rickey (December 20, 1881 – December 9, 1965) was an American baseball player and sports executive. Rickey was instrumental in breaking Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organizat ...
,
Red Schoendienst Albert Fred "Red" Schoendienst (; February 2, 1923 – June 6, 2018) was an American professional baseball second baseman, Coach (baseball), coach, and Manager (baseball), manager in Major League Baseball (MLB), and is largely known for his coac ...

Red Schoendienst
,
Ozzie Smith Osborne Earl "Ozzie" Smith (born December 26, 1954) is an American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fie ...
,
Ted Simmons Ted Lyle Simmons (born August 9, 1949) is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is playe ...
, and Bruce Sutter. In 2018, ''Forbes'' valued the Cardinals at $1.9 billion, 7th-highest among MLB clubs and far more than the $147 million paid in 1995 by List of St. Louis Cardinals owners and executives, owner William DeWitt, Jr.'s investment group. In 2017, the team took in revenue of $319 million on an Earnings before interest and taxes, operating income of $40.0 million. John Mozeliak is the President of Baseball Operations, Mike Girsch is the General manager (baseball), general manager and Oliver Marmol is the List of St. Louis Cardinals managers, manager. The Cardinals are renowned for their strong fan support: despite being in one of the sport's mid-level markets, they routinely see attendances among the league's highest, and are consistently among the top three in MLB in local television ratings. Through 2021, the Cardinals' all-time win-loss record is 11,038–10,163 ().


History


Before the Cardinals (1875–1881)

Professional baseball began in St. Louis with the inception of the St. Louis Brown Stockings, Brown Stockings in the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, National Association (NA) 1875 St. Louis Brown Stockings season, in 1875. The NA folded following that season, and 1876 St. Louis Brown Stockings season, the next season, St. Louis joined the
National League The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is o ...
as a charter member, finishing in third place at 45–19. George Bradley hurled the first no-hitter in List of Major League Baseball no-hitters, Major League history. The NL expelled St. Louis from the league 1877 St. Louis Brown Stockings season, after 1877 due to a game-fixing scandal and the team went bankrupt. Without a league, they continued play as a semi-professional
barnstorming Barnstorming was a form of entertainment in which stunt pilot ''Stunt Pilot'' is a 1939 American adventure film directed by George Waggner and written by Scott Darling (screenwriter), Scott Darling and George Waggner. The film is based on the ...
team through 1881. The magnitudes of the reorganizations, following the 1877 and 1881 seasons, are such that the 1875–1877 and 1878–1881 Brown Stockings teams are not generally considered to share continuity as a franchise with the current St. Louis Cardinals.


American Association and early National League eras (1882–1919)

For the 1882 St. Louis Brown Stockings season, 1882 season,
Chris von der Ahe Christian Friedrich (or Frederick) Wilhelm von der Ahe (; October 7, 1851 – June 5, 1913) was a German-American German Americans (german: Deutschamerikaner, ) are Americans Americans are the Citizenship of the United States, citizens and ...
purchased the team, reorganized it, and made it a founding member of the
American AssociationAmerican Association may refer to one of the following professional baseball leagues: * American Association (19th century), a major league active from 1882 to 1891 * American Association (20th century), a minor league active from 1902 to 1962 and 1 ...
(AA), a league to rival the NL. 1882 is generally considered to be the first year of existence for the franchise which would later become known as the St. Louis Cardinals. 1883 St. Louis Browns season, The next season, St. Louis shortened their name to the Browns. Soon thereafter they became the dominant team in the AA, as manager Charlie Comiskey guided St. Louis to four pennants in a row from 1885 St. Louis Browns season, 1885 to 1888 St. Louis Browns season, 1888. Pitcher and outfielder Bob Caruthers led the league in Earned run average, ERA (2.07) and Win–loss record (pitching), wins (40) in 1885 and finished in the top six in both in each of the following two seasons. He also led the AA in on-base percentage, OBP (.448) and On-base plus slugging, OPS (.974) in 1886 St. Louis Browns season, 1886 and finished fourth in batting average (baseball), batting average in 1886 St. Louis Browns season, 1886 (.334) and fifth in 1887 St. Louis Browns season, 1887 (.357). Outfielder Tip O'Neill (baseball), Tip O'Neill won the first batting Major League Baseball Triple Crown, triple crown in franchise history in 1887 and the only one in AA history. By winning the pennant, the Browns played the NL pennant winner List of pre-World Series baseball champions, in a predecessor of the
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...

World Series
. The Browns twice met the Chicago White Stockings — the predecessor to the ''
Chicago Cubs The Chicago Cubs are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on ...
'' — 1885 World Series, tying one in a heated dispute and 1886 World Series, winning the other, thus spurring the vigorous Cardinals–Cubs rivalry, St. Louis-Chicago rivalry that ensues to this day. During the franchise's ten seasons in the AA, they compiled an all-time league-high of 780 wins and .639 winning percentage. They lost just 432 contests while tying 21 others. The AA went bankrupt after the 1891 season and the Browns transferred to the National League. This time, the club entered an era of stark futility. Between 1892 St. Louis Browns season, 1892 and 1919 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1919, St. Louis managed just five winning seasons, finished in last or next-to-last place sixteen times, and ended four seasons with 100 losses or more. The nadir was the 1897 St. Louis Browns season, 1897 season: a 29–102 record for a franchise-worst .221 winning percentage. St. Louis' 84–67 finish 1899 St. Louis Perfectos season, as the Perfectos in 1899 would be the team's best finish between the AA era and Sam Breadon's purchase of the team. As the "Perfectos", the team wore their jersey with a cardinal red trim and sock striping. Later that season, ''St. Louis Republic'' sportswriter Willie McHale included an account in a column of a female fan he heard remarking about the uniforms, "What a lovely shade of cardinal." Fans liked the moniker "Cardinals" and, the next year in 1900, popularity for the nickname induced an official change to Cardinals. 1902 St. Louis Browns season, In 1902, an American League team moved from Milwaukee into St. Louis, renamed themselves the History of the St. Louis Browns, St. Louis Browns and built a new park Sportsman's Park, on the site of the Cardinals' old stadium, striking a rivalry that lasted five decades. Breadon bought a minority interest in the Cardinals 1917 St. Louis Cardinals season, in 1917 and 1919 St. Louis Cardinals season, in 1919 Browns manager
Branch Rickey Wesley Branch Rickey (December 20, 1881 – December 9, 1965) was an American baseball player and sports executive. Rickey was instrumental in breaking Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organizat ...
joined the Cardinals. The Cardinals' first 28 seasons in the NL were a complete reversal of their stay in the AA – with a .406 winning percentage, they compiled 1,632 wins, 2,425 losses and 74 ties.


Breadon era (1920–1952)

St. Louis baseball commenced a renaissance: 1926 St. Louis Cardinals season, since 1926 the Cardinals have won eleven World Series and nineteen NL pennants. Breadon spurred this revival when he bought out the majority stake in 1920 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1920 and appointed Rickey as business manager, who expanded scouting, player development, and pioneered the Minor League Baseball, minor league
farm system In sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and Skill, skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some cases, entertainmen ...
, filling the role of today's General manager (baseball), general manager. With
Rogers Hornsby Rogers Hornsby Sr. (April 27, 1896 – January 5, 1963), nicknamed "The Rajah", was an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), battin ...

Rogers Hornsby
at second base, he claimed Triple Crowns in 1922 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1922 and 1925 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1925, and the Cardinals won the 1926 World Series, their first. St. Louis then won List of National League pennant winners, the league in 1928 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1928, 1930 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1930, and 1931 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1931 and the 1931 World Series. The Gashouse Gang edition claimed the 1934 World Series and the Cardinals amassed new thresholds of popularity far outside St. Louis via radio, which led to the coining of the term "Cardinal Nation."Doug Feldman. ''Dizzy and the Gashouse Gang: The 1934 St. Louis Cardinals and Depression-Era Baseball''. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2000. 215pp.
Dizzy Dean Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean (January 16, 1910 – July 17, 1974), also known as Jerome Herman Dean (both the 1910 and 1920 Censuses show his name as "Jay"), was an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to th ...
led the Gang, winning the 1934 Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award, MVP, and leading the NL multiple times in win (baseball), wins, strikeouts, innings pitched, innings, complete games and Shutouts in baseball, shutouts. Johnny Mize and
Joe Medwick Joseph Michael Medwick (November 24, 1911 – March 21, 1975), nicknamed "Ducky" and "Muscles", was an American Major League Baseball player. A left fielder with the St. Louis Cardinals during the "Gashouse Gang" era of the 1930s, he also playe ...
emerged as two power threats, with Medwick claiming the last Triple Crown for a Cardinal 1937 Major League Baseball season, in 1937. In the 1940s, a golden era emerged as Rickey's farm system became laden with such talent as Marty Marion,
Enos Slaughter Enos Bradsher Slaughter (April 27, 1916 – August 12, 2002), nicknamed "Country", was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) right fielder. He played for 19 seasons on four major league teams from 1938–1942 and 1946–1959. He is noted primari ...
, Mort Cooper, Walker Cooper,
Stan Musial Stanley Frank Musial (; born Stanislaw Franciszek Musial; November 21, 1920 – January 19, 2013), nicknamed Stan the Man, was an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games ...

Stan Musial
, Max Lanier, Whitey Kurowski,
Red Schoendienst Albert Fred "Red" Schoendienst (; February 2, 1923 – June 6, 2018) was an American professional baseball second baseman, Coach (baseball), coach, and Manager (baseball), manager in Major League Baseball (MLB), and is largely known for his coac ...

Red Schoendienst
and Johnny Beazley. It was one of the most successful decades in franchise history with 960 wins and 580 losses for a winning percentage higher than any other Major League team at .623. With Billy Southworth managing, they won the World Series in 1942 World Series, 1942 and 1944 World Series, 1944 (in the only all-St. Louis series against the 1944 St. Louis Browns season, Browns), and won 105 or more games each in 1942 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1942, 1943 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1943, and 1942 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1944. Southworth's managerial winning percentage (.642) is St. Louis' highest since the franchise joined the National League. Musial was considered the most consistent hitter of his era and most accomplished in team history, winning three MVPs and seven List of Major League Baseball batting champions, batting titles. St. Louis then won the 1946 World Series on Slaughter's Mad Dash in Game 7. Breadon was forced to sell the team 1947 St. Louis Cardinals season, in 1947 but won six World Series and nine NL pennants as Cardinals owner. They remained competitive, finishing .500 or better in thirteen of the next seventeen seasons, but fell short of winning the league or World Series 1964 St. Louis Cardinals season, until 1964.


Gussie Busch era (1953–1989)

In 1953 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1953 the Anheuser-Busch brewery List of St. Louis Cardinals owners and executives, bought the Cardinals and Gussie Busch, August "Gussie" Busch became team president, spurring the Browns' departure in 1953 St. Louis Browns season, 1953 to Baltimore to become the Baltimore Orioles, Orioles, and making the Cardinals the only major league club in town. More success followed in the 1960s, starting with what is considered one of the Brock for Broglio, most lopsided trades in Major League history, as St. Louis received outfielder
Lou Brock Louis Clark Brock (June 18, 1939September 6, 2020) was an American professional baseball outfielder. He began his 19-year Major League Baseball (MLB) career with the 1961 Chicago Cubs but spent the majority of his big league career as a left fi ...

Lou Brock
from 1964 Chicago Cubs season, the Cubs for pitcher Ernie Broglio. MVP third baseman Ken Boyer and pitcher
Bob Gibson Robert Gibson (born Pack Robert Gibson; November 9, 1935October 2, 2020) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) ...
led the club to a 1964 World Series, World Series win the 1964 St. Louis Cardinals season, same year and Curt Flood, Bill White (first baseman), Bill White, Curt Simmons, and Steve Carlton also made key contributions in this decade. 1967 St. Louis Cardinals season, In 1967, new arrival Orlando Cepeda won the MVP, helping to propel St. Louis to the 1967 World Series, World Series. The Cardinals won the league 1968 St. Louis Cardinals season, the following year behind their Major League-leading 2.49 staff ERA in what was an all-round record-breaking season of 1968 Major League Baseball season#The Year of the Pitcher, pitching dominance. Posting a modern-day record low ERA of 1.12 and striking out a one-game
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...

World Series
-record of 17, Gibson won both the MVP and Cy Young awards that year. However, the Cardinals failed to repeat as 1968 World Series, World Series champions, blowing a 3–1 lead to the underdog 1968 Detroit Tigers season, Detroit Tigers. In the 1970s, catcher/third baseman Joe Torre and first baseman Keith Hernández each won MVPs, but the team's best finishes were second place and 1971 St. Louis Cardinals season, 90 wins. The team found their way back to the World Series three times in the 1980s, starting with manager
Whitey Herzog Dorrel Norman Elvert "Whitey" Herzog (; born November 9, 1931) is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or c ...
and his Whiteyball style of play and another trade that altered course of the franchise: 1982 St. Louis Cardinals season, in 1982, shortstop Garry Templeton was shipped to the 1982 San Diego Padres season, Padres for fellow shortstop
Ozzie Smith Osborne Earl "Ozzie" Smith (born December 26, 1954) is an American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fie ...
. Widely regarded as one of the best defensive players in history, Smith ranks first all-time among shortstops in List of Gold Glove Award winners at shortstop, Gold Glove Awards (13), Major League Baseball All-Star Game, All-Star games (15), Assist (baseball), assists (8,375), and double plays (1,590). St. Louis won the 1982 World Series from the 1982 Milwaukee Brewers season, Milwaukee Brewers that fall. The Cardinals again won the league in 1985 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1985 and 1987 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1987. In 1985 World Series, the 1985 Series, they faced-off with Cardinals-Royals rivalry, cross-state rivals 1985 Kansas City Royals season, Kansas City Royals for the first time in a non-exhibition game, but they lost the series after a controversial call in game 6; the 1987 World Series, 1987 series saw them face off against the Minnesota Twins, but could only win all three of their games played at home in the seven-game series.


Bill DeWitt era (1996–present)

After Gussie Busch died 1989 St. Louis Cardinals season, in 1989, Anheuser-Busch, the brewery took control and hired Joe Torre to manage 1990 St. Louis Cardinals season, late in 1990, then sold the team to an investment group led by William DeWitt, Jr. 1995 St. Louis Cardinals season, in 1996. Tony La Russa replaced Torre in the spring of 1996. In 1998,
Mark McGwire Mark David McGwire (born October 1, 1963), nicknamed Big Mac, is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team o ...

Mark McGwire
competed with the 1998 Chicago Cubs season, Cubs' Sammy Sosa for a barrage of home runs in their pursuit of the 1998 Major League Baseball home run record chase, single-season home run record. From 2000 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2000 to 2013 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2013, the Cardinals reestablished their way to the top with ten playoff appearances, four List of National League pennant winners, NL pennants, two World Series titles and 1,274 regular season wins against 993 losses for a .560 winning percentage, leading the National League and second in MLB only to the
New York Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a pl ...
. With the addition of Jim Edmonds, Albert Pujols, and Scott Rolen, the Cardinals featured three prominent sluggers and defenders nicknamed "MV3;" Pujols won three MVPs and hit .328 with 445 home runs in his Cardinals career. 2004 St. Louis Cardinals season, In 2004, playoff stalwart Chris Carpenter's 3.09 ERA and 15 wins helped power the team to a 2004 Major League Baseball season, major-league best 105 wins and take the 2004 National League Championship Series, NL pennant. 2006 St. Louis Cardinals season, In 2006, beset with injuries and inconsistency, they won the 2006 World Series, World Series, beating Detroit in five games to set an all-time record-low of 83 wins for a World Series winner. 2009 St. Louis Cardinals season, In 2009, the Cardinals reached 10,000 wins, dating to when they first played in the
American AssociationAmerican Association may refer to one of the following professional baseball leagues: * American Association (19th century), a major league active from 1882 to 1891 * American Association (20th century), a minor league active from 1902 to 1962 and 1 ...
(AA).Although the St. Louis Cardinals do not officially recognize their era in the
American AssociationAmerican Association may refer to one of the following professional baseball leagues: * American Association (19th century), a major league active from 1882 to 1891 * American Association (20th century), a minor league active from 1902 to 1962 and 1 ...
(AA) as part of their Major League history, Major League Baseball#History, Major League Baseball recognized that incarnation of the AA in 1968, as well as other historic leagues, existing as former Major Leagues.
St. Louis returned to the playoffs 2011 St. Louis Cardinals season, in 2011, first surmounting the largest games-won deficit after 130 games (at 10.5) to upstage the 2011 Atlanta Braves season, Atlanta Braves on the final day for the wild card playoff berth. In Game 3 of the 2011 World Series, World Series, Pujols became just the third player to hit three home runs in a World Series game. In Game 6, third baseman David Freese and outfielder Lance Berkman each tied the score on the Cardinals' final strike — the first such occurrence in any game in MLB history — and St. Louis defeated the 2012 Texas Rangers season, Texas Rangers later that game with a walk-off home run from Freese. After winning that Series, La Russa retired and became the only manager to do so after winning a title. He also finished with the most wins for managers in franchise history with 1,408. La Russa's successor, Mike Matheny, helped extend St. Louis' playoff run as he became the first manager in the 1969 Major League Baseball season#Division play, division play era to guide the Cardinals to the NLCS and playoffs in his first two seasons. In 2014 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2014, the Cardinals extended their NLCS streak to 4, with their 3–1 series victory over the Los Angeles Dodgers, Dodgers, in the 2014 National League Division Series, NLDS. Ten days after being eliminated from the postseason by the San Francisco Giants, rookie outfielder Oscar Taveras was killed in a car accident while traveling to his hometown Puerto Plata in the Dominican Republic. On November 17, they acquired Atlanta Braves right-fielder Jason Heyward (who had just come off a Gold Glove-winning season) to replace Taveras. On June 16, 2015, the FBI and the United States Department of Justice, Justice Department started an investigation on the Cardinals for possibly hacking the Houston Astros. The hacking incident was perpetrated by Scouting Director Chris Correa. For the first time since the 2007 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2007–2008 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2008 seasons, the Cardinals missed the playoffs in consecutive years, 2016 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2016–2017 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2017. On July 14, 2018, following an 8–2 loss to the Cincinnati Reds, the St. Louis Cardinals announced they had dismissed manager Mike Matheny after seasons. The team then named Mike Shildt interim manager, and he was made the permanent manager a month later. On November 19, 2018, the team announced that the "Victory Blue" uniforms, worn by the Cardinals during the late 1970s and 1980s, would be returning for the 2019 season. The uniforms, integrating the powder blue color with the team's current "Saturday alternate" jersey design, were to be worn 13 times on the road during the 2019 season. The Cardinals acquired Paul Goldschmidt in a trade from the Arizona Diamondbacks on December 5, 2018.


Ballpark

The Cardinals play their home games at Busch Stadium (also referred to as ''New Busch Stadium'' or ''Busch III'') in downtown St. Louis, straddling 7th and Clark near the intersection of Interstate Highway System, Interstates Interstate 64, 64, Interstate 55, 55, and Interstate 44, 44. The stadium opened for the
2006 season 6 (six) is the natural number following 5 and preceding 7. It is a composite number and the smallest perfect number. In mathematics 6 is the smallest positive integer which is neither a square number nor a prime number. Six is the second smallest ...
at a cost of $411 million and holds a normal capacity of 46,861. The Cardinals finished their inaugural season in the new Busch Stadium by winning the 2006 World Series, the first team since the 1923 1923 New York Yankees season, New York Yankees to do so. This open-air stadium emulates the HOK Sport (now Populous (company), Populous)-designed "Baseball park#Retro-classic ballparks, retro-style" baseball-only parks built since the 1990s. The open panoramic perspective over the outfield wall offers a remarkable view of St. Louis' downtown skyline featuring the distinctive Gateway Arch. A replica of Eads Bridge spans the entrance to the park on the third base side, while the statue of
Stan Musial Stanley Frank Musial (; born Stanislaw Franciszek Musial; November 21, 1920 – January 19, 2013), nicknamed Stan the Man, was an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games ...

Stan Musial
arises in front of that entrance. Other statues at the corner of 8th and Clark include Hall of Famers
Rogers Hornsby Rogers Hornsby Sr. (April 27, 1896 – January 5, 1963), nicknamed "The Rajah", was an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), battin ...

Rogers Hornsby
,
Ozzie Smith Osborne Earl "Ozzie" Smith (born December 26, 1954) is an American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fie ...
, George Sisler, Cool Papa Bell,
Bob Gibson Robert Gibson (born Pack Robert Gibson; November 9, 1935October 2, 2020) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) ...
, Jack Buck and others. Due to increased demand, Game 7 of the 2011 World Series accommodated a baseball record of 47,399 by increasing the number of standing room only tickets. The attendance record for any sporting event is 48,263, in a 2013 association football (soccer) Exhibition game, friendly match between Chelsea F.C. and Manchester City F.C., made possible by on field seating. The largest attendance (53,000) of any event at Busch belongs to U2 during a concert from their U2 360° Tour, 360° Tour in 2011. St. Louis Ballpark Village, Ballpark Village, a mixed-use development located across Clark Street from Busch Stadium, is targeted to enhance the ballpark goers' experience. Phase 1 of the development, completed for the start of the 2014 season, includes entertainment venues, restaurants, and retail. Anchored by Cardinals Nation (which includes the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum, Cardinals Hall of Fame, a two-story Cardinals-themed restaurant and rooftop seating for 300+ fans with views of the field across the street), a Budweiser Brew House, FOX Sports Midwest Live! and Professional Bull Riders, PBR, the $100 million phase 1 development of Ballpark Village is intended to be a gathering space throughout the year, not just during the baseball season.


Previous ballparks

Busch Stadium is the Cardinals' fourth home ballpark and the third to bear that name. The Cardinals' original home ballpark was Sportsman's Park from 1882 to 1892 when they played in the
American AssociationAmerican Association may refer to one of the following professional baseball leagues: * American Association (19th century), a major league active from 1882 to 1891 * American Association (20th century), a minor league active from 1902 to 1962 and 1 ...
and were known as the Browns. 1893 St. Louis Browns season, In 1893, the Browns moved to a new ballpark five blocks northwest of Sportsman's Park which would serve as their home from 1893 to 1920. The new park was originally called New Sportsman's Park but became more commonly referred to as Robison Field. Midway through the 1920 season the Cardinals abandoned Robison Field and returned to the original Sportsman's Park and became tenants of their American League rivals, the St. Louis Browns. In 1953, the Anheuser-Busch, Anheuser-Busch Brewery purchased the Cardinals and the new owner subsequently also purchased Sportsman's Park from the Browns and renamed it Busch Stadium, later becoming Busch I. The Browns then left St. Louis for Baltimore after the season, becoming the Orioles. The Cardinals built Busch Memorial Stadium, or Busch II, in downtown St. Louis, opened it during the 1966 season and played there until 2005. It was built as the multi-purpose stadium home of both the baseball Cardinals and the History of the St. Louis Cardinals (NFL), NFL football Cardinals, who are now the Arizona Cardinals; the NFL's Los Angeles Rams, Rams also played the first four games of their home schedule upon their arrival in St. Louis in 1995. The current Busch Stadium was constructed adjacent to, and partly atop, the site of Busch Memorial Stadium.


Spring training

The Cardinals home field in spring training is Roger Dean Stadium in Jupiter, Florida. They share the complex, which opened in 1998, with the Miami Marlins. Before moving to Jupiter, the Cardinals hosted spring training at Al Lang Field in St. Petersburg, Florida from 1937 to 1997.


Regular season home attendance

The Cardinals have exceeded the attendance total of 3 million every season since 2004. Every season since 2013, the Cardinals have finished second among MLB franchises in home game attendance, surpassed only by the Los Angeles Dodgers each season.


Logos and uniforms

The Cardinals have had few logos throughout their history, although those logos have evolved over time. The first logo associated with the Cardinals was an interlocking "SL" that appeared on the team's caps and or sleeves as early as 1900. Those early uniforms usually featured the name "St. Louis" on white home and gray road uniforms which both had Cardinal (color), cardinal red accents. In 1920, the "SL" largely disappeared from the team's uniforms, and for the next 20 years the team wore caps that were white with red striping and a red bill. In 1922, the Cardinals wore uniforms for the first time that featured the two familiar Northern cardinal, cardinal birds perched on a baseball bat over the name "Cardinals" with the letter "C" of the word hooked over the bat. The concept of the birds originated after List of St. Louis Cardinals owners and executives, general manager
Branch Rickey Wesley Branch Rickey (December 20, 1881 – December 9, 1965) was an American baseball player and sports executive. Rickey was instrumental in breaking Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organizat ...
noticed a colorful cardboard arrangement featuring cardinal birds on a table in a Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), Presbyterian Church (building), church in Ferguson, Missouri, at which he was speaking. The arrangement's production was by a woman named Allie May Schmidt. Schmidt's father, a graphic designer, helped Rickey make the logo a familiar staple on Cardinals uniforms. Colloquially referred to as the "birds on the bat", it initially appeared with the birds perched on a black bat and "Cardinals" in printed letters. An alternate version of this logo with "St. Louis" replacing "Cardinals" appeared in 1930 and was the primary logo in 1931 and 1932 before "Cardinals" returned. In 1940, the now-familiar "" logo was introduced on the team's caps. The interlocking "" has undergone several slight modifications over the years but has appeared on the team's caps every year since. The first appearance of the "STL" in 1940 coincided with the introduction of navy blue as a uniform color. From 1940 until 1955, the team wore navy blue caps with red bills and a red interlocking "" while the jerseys featured both cardinal red and navy blue accents. In 1951, the "birds on the bat" logo was changed to feature a yellow baseball bat. In 1956, the Cardinals changed their caps to solid blue with a red "", removing the red bill. Also, for that season only, the Cardinals wore a script "Cardinals" wordmark on their uniforms excluding the "birds on the bat." An updated version of the "birds on the bat" logo returned in 1957 with the word "Cardinals" written in cursive beneath the bat; this logo, with some incremental changes along the way, has been the team's logo since. In 1962, the Cardinals became the first National League team (and the second in all of Major League Baseball after the Chicago White Sox in 1960) to display players' names on the back of their jerseys. In 1964, while retaining their blue caps for road games, the Cardinals changed thei
home caps
to all red with a white interlocking "". The next year, th
red caps
were the only cap worn by the team full-time. In 1967, the birds on the bat emblem on the jersey was again tweaked, making the birds more realistic and changing the position of their tails relative to the bat and this version remained on all Cardinals game jerseys through 1997. In 1971, following the trend in baseball at the time, the Cardinals replaced the traditional flannel front-button shirts and pants with belts with new pullover knit jerseys and beltless elastic waist pants. In 1973, the crew-neck collar became a V-neck. Another trend in baseball led the Cardinals to change their road uniforms from gray to light blue from 1976 to 1984; the player numbers were worn on the sleeves in 1979 and 1980. In 1992, the Cardinals returned to wearing traditional button-down shirts and pants with belts. That same year, they also brought back the all-navy cap with a red "" on the road (which were last worn in 1964) only while wearing the same red and white cap for home games only. In 1998, the "birds on the bat" was updated for the first time in 30 years with more detailed birds and bolder letters. That year, St. Louis introduced a cap featuring a single cardinal bird perched on a bat worn only on Sunday home games. Up until 2020, the alternate "bird" caps were paired with their primary "" red batting helmets, but in the 2021 season, the Cardinals added a new helmet to match their home Sunday alternate caps. The new birds on the bat design was modified again the next year, with yellow beaks and white eyes replacing the red beaks and yellow eyes of the 1998 version. Uniform numbers also returned to the front of the jerseys in 1999 after a two-year absence. On November 16, 2012, the Cardinals unveiled a new alternate uniform to be worn at home games on Saturdays beginning with the 2013 season. The modified jersey, cream-colored with red trim on the sleeves and down the front, was the first since 1932 in which "St. Louis" will be used instead of "Cardinals" and retained the "birds on the bat." 2013 also saw the team adopt their red caps as their main cap for both home and away games for the first time since 1991; the navy cap was retained as an alternate, used mainly against other red-capped teams. Over the years, the Cardinals have released various marketing logos depicting anthropomorphized cardinals in a pitching stance, swinging a baseball bat, or wearing a baseball cap that never became part of the game uniform. Starting with the 2019 season, the Cardinals will wear updated powder blue alternate uniforms during Saturday road games. Like the Saturday home cream alternates, it features red piping and "St. Louis" below the "birds on the bat" logo. In 2020, the Cardinals will wear a slightly updated version of their "" cap logo, which was "soft launched" in 2019 via their social media accounts and game broadcasts.


Support


Fans


Mascots

The team mascot is an anthropomorphic cardinal wearing the team's uniform named Fredbird. He is assisted b
Team Fredbird
a group of eleven women who entertain fans from the field and on top of the dugouts. While unofficial, the Rally Squirrel became an unexpected phenomenon during the 2011 postseason. Making its "debut" in Game 3 of the 2011 National League Division Series, NLDS on October 4, a squirrel ran across home plate in the middle of a pitch from Roy Oswalt of the Phillies to the Cardinals' Skip Schumaker. The Cardinals would win Game 4 and subsequently Game 5 (October 7) in Philadelphia to advance to the NLCS, symbolizing the squirrel's "role" in the victory. The squirrel was popularized as "Buschie the Rally Squirrel". As a tribute to the popularity of the squirrel, a small depiction of the Rally Squirrel is also included on the official World Series rings the team received. It shows up under the "STL" logo on the side of the ring. Fredbird sparked controversy in May 2015, when he was asked by a fan for a photograph and handed him a sign that said "Police Lives Matter". The team later claimed that Fredbird should not be involved in any political activity or social commentary.


Rivalries


Chicago Cubs

The Cardinals–Cubs rivalry refers to games between the Cardinals and the
Chicago Cubs The Chicago Cubs are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on ...
. The rivalry is also known as the Downstate Illinois rivalry or the I-55 Series (in earlier years as the Route 66 Series) as both cities are located along Interstate 55 (which itself succeeded the famous U.S. Route 66). The Cubs lead the series 1,253–1,196, through October 2021, while the Cardinals lead in
National League The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is o ...
pennants with 19 against the Cubs' 17. The Cubs have won 11 of those pennants in Major League Baseball's Modern Era (1901–present), while all 19 of the Cardinals' pennants have been won since 1926. The Cardinals also have an edge when it comes to
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...

World Series
successes, having won 11 championships to the Cubs' 3. Games featuring the Cardinals and Cubs see numerous visiting fans in either
Busch Stadium Busch Stadium, also referred to informally as "New Busch Stadium" or "Busch Stadium III", is a baseball park located in St. Louis, Missouri, the home of the St. Louis Cardinals, the city's Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise. The stadium has ...

Busch Stadium
in St. Louis or Wrigley Field in Chicago. When the National League split into two and then three divisions, the Cardinals and Cubs remained together. This has added excitement to several pennant races over the years. The Cardinals and Cubs have played each other once in the postseason, 2015 National League Division Series, which the Cubs won 3–1.


Kansas City Royals

The Cardinals have an Interleague play, interleague and intrastate rivalry with the Kansas City Royals, dubbed the "Show-Me Series" after the Missouri#Nicknames, nickname of the team's home state, Missouri; or the "I–70 Series" after the Interstate 70, interstate highway that connects the cities. The teams first met in the 1985 World Series, which the Royals won 4–3, and which remains their only post-season meeting. Since interleague play began in , the Cardinals and Royals have met in four to six games each season, evenly split between the two cities. As of 2021, the Cardinals lead the overall series 71–50. The rivalry heated up in 2015, when both teams held the best records in their respective leagues when they opened each of their two series. Had the Cardinals made it to the World Series, they would have faced the Royals in a rematch.


Executives and club officials


Ownership and valuation

An investment group led by William DeWitt, Jr. owns the St. Louis Cardinals, having bought the team from Anheuser-Busch (AB) in 1996. As with other periods of the Cardinals' transaction history, doubt loomed as to whether the purchaser would keep the team in St. Louis, due to the city's status as a "small market", which appears to handicap a club's competitiveness. Such was the case when Sam Breadon put the Cardinals up for sale in 1947: List of National League presidents, then-NL President Ford Frick proposed moving the Cardinals to Chicago. When AB placed the Cardinals for sale in 1995, they publicly expressed intention to find a buyer who would keep the club in St. Louis. In March 1996, AB sold the team for $147 million to a partnership headed by Southwest Bank's Drew Baur, Hanser and DeWitt, Jr. Civic Center Redevelopment, a subsidiary of AB, held the parking garages and adjacent property and also transferred them to the Baur ownership group.#Jud02, Judd 2002: 91 Baur's group then sold the garages to another investment group, lowering the net franchise purchase price to about $100 million, about $10 million less than ''Financial World's'' value of the team at the time $110 million. Current Cincinnati Reds owners Bob Castellini and brothers Thomas Williams and W. Joseph Williams Jr. each once owned a stake in the Cardinals dating back to the Baur-DeWitt group's purchase of the team. To allow their purchase of the Reds in 2005, the rest of the group bought out Castellini's and the Williams brothers' shares, totaling an estimated 13 percent. At that time, the ''Forbes'' valued the Cardinals at about $370 million. However, after reabsorbing that stake into the remainder of the group, they decided to make it available to new investors in 2010. Amid later allegations that the Cardinals owed the city profit shares, DeWitt revealed that their profitability had not reached the threshold to trigger that obligation.


Recent annual financial records

As of 2018, ''Forbes'' valued the Cardinals seventh among 30 MLB franchises. Their estimated value of $1.90 billion was an increase of $100 million from the season before, when they ranked seventh. St. Louis' revenue in 2018 was $319 million, up $9 million. Their Earnings before interest and taxes, Operating income was $40.0 million. The Cardinals' deal with Fox Sports Midwest, signed in 2015, begins in 2018, and is worth $1 billion through 2032. In 2014, ''Forbes'' valued the Cardinals at $820 million and opined previously that they play "in the best single-team baseball market in the country and are among the league's leaders in television ratings and attendance every season." Concurrent with the growth of
Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, leag ...
, the Cardinals value has increased significantly since the Baur-DeWitt purchase. In 2000, the franchise was valued at $219 million, a growth rate of 374% through 2014. The franchise's value grew 12.7% from 2013 to 2014. The ''Forbes'' methodology of team values are enterprise values (equity plus net debt) that include the economics of the ballpark but exclude the value of real estate itself. Forbes does not include the value of team-owned regional sports networks. The league's ownership in Major League Baseball Advanced Media (100%) and the MLB Network (67%) and league's investment portfolio are included in our values. In total, these three assets constitute about $425 million in value for each team. Revenue and operating income (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) measure cash in versus cash out (not accrual accounting) for the 2017 season. Their figures include the post-season and are net of revenue sharing and stadium debt payments. Revenues include the pro-rated upfront bonuses networks pay teams as well as proceeds from non-MLB events at the ballpark. The non-recurring $18 million each team received in 2017 from the sale of a stake in BamTech to Walt Disney was excluded, as were profits or losses from team-owned RSNs. All valuations per ''Forbes.''
1 Based on current stadium deal (unless new stadium is pending) without deduction for debt, other than stadium debt.
  (2018: market $715 mil., stadium $447 mil., sport $493 mil., brand management $245 mil.)
  (2017: market $666 mil., stadium $411 mil., sport $488 mil., brand management $235 mil.)
  (2016: market $613 mil., stadium $378 mil., sport $406 mil., brand management $219 mil.)
  (2015: market $548 mil., stadium $338 mil., sport $331 mil., brand management $197 mil.)
  (2014: market $339 mil., stadium $211 mil., sport $156 mil., brand management $124 mil.)
  (2013: market $291 mil., stadium $182 mil., sport $151 mil., brand management $91 mil.)
 (2012: market $240 mil., stadium $157 mil., sport $119 mil., brand management $78 mil.)
 (2011: market $206 mil., stadium $136 mil., sport $111 mil., brand management $65 mil.)
2 Net of stadium revenues used for debt payments.
3 Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization.
4 Includes benefits and bonuses.
5 Compares the number of wins per player payroll relative to the rest of MLB. Playoff wins count twice as much as regular season wins. A score of 120 means that the team achieved 20% more victories per dollar of payroll compared with the league average in 2010.


Other interests

Besides Ballpark Village, the Cardinals own five of their Minor League Baseball affiliates: * Springfield Cardinals, Double-A Central * Palm Beach Cardinals, Low-A Southeast * Florida Complex League Cardinals, FCL Cardinals, Florida Complex League * Dominican Summer League Cardinals, DSL Cardinals Blue, Dominican Summer League * Dominican Summer League Cardinals, DSL Cardinals Red, Dominican Summer League


Executives

;Franchise Principals * Chairman & Chief Executive Officer, CEO: William DeWitt Jr., William O. DeWitt Jr. * President: Bill DeWitt III, William O. DeWitt III * Sr. Vice President & General Counsel: Mike Whittle * Vice President, Business Development: Dan Good ;Baseball Operations * President of Baseball Operations: John Mozeliak * Vice President & General Manager: Mike Girsch * Assistant General Manager: Moisés Rodríguez * Assistant General Manager & Director of Scouting: Randy Flores * Special Assistant to GM/Player Procurement: Matt Slater * Director, Player Development: Gary LaRocque * Director, Baseball Administration: John Vuch * Director of Performance: Robert Butler * Director, International Operations: Luis Morales * Senior Director, Baseball Development: Jeremy Cohen * Project Director, Baseball Development: Matthew Bayer * Director, Baseball Analytics: Kevin Seats ;Cardinals Care & Community Relations * Vice President, Community Relations & Exec. Director, Cardinals Care: Michael Hall ;Event Services and Merchandising * Vice President, Event Services & Merchandising: Vicki Bryant ;Finance and Administration * Sr. Vice President & Chief financial officer, CFO: Brad Wood ;Stadium Operations * Vice President, Stadium Operations: Matt Gifford ;Ticket Sales, Marketing & Corporate Sales * Senior Vice President, Sales and Marketing: Dan Farrell * Vice President, Corporate Sales & Broadcasting: Thane vanBreusegen * Vice President, Ticket Sales: Joe Strohm


Managerial roll

Manager (baseball), Field managers with one or more years managing, and the current manager are included here. ;Table key * *All-time franchise leader. ** Franchise leader since 1900.


Players


Current roster


Coaching staff


Selected individual achievements and awards

* Darryl Kile Award: Two awards are presented each year, one to a St. Louis Cardinal and one to a Houston Astro, each of whom exemplifies Kile's virtues of being "a good teammate, a great friend, a fine father and a humble man." The winner is selected by each local chapter of the Baseball Writers' Association of America. See: . *List of St. Louis Cardinals no-hitters, No-hitters: Cardinal pitchers have thrown 10 no-hitters: Ted Breitenstein (1891), Jesse Haines (1924), Paul Dean (baseball), Paul Dean (1934), Lon Warneke (1941), Ray Washburn (1968),
Bob Gibson Robert Gibson (born Pack Robert Gibson; November 9, 1935October 2, 2020) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) ...
(1971), Bob Forsch (1978 and 1983), José Jiménez (baseball), José Jiménez (1999), and Bud Smith (2001). The Cardinals have never been involved in a Perfect game (baseball), perfect game, win or lose. * Cy Young Awards: Two Cardinal pitchers have won
Cy Young Award The Cy Young Award is given annually to the best pitcher player Noah Syndergaard pitching for the New York Mets in 2015 In baseball, the pitcher is the player who pitches the Baseball (ball), baseball from the pitcher's mound toward the catcher ...
s:
Bob Gibson Robert Gibson (born Pack Robert Gibson; November 9, 1935October 2, 2020) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) ...
in 1968 and 1970, and Chris Carpenter in 2005.St. Louis Cardinals award winners and league leaders * MVP Awards: 16 different Cardinal players have won a total of 20 Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award, Most Valuable Player awards, the most recent being Albert Pujols in 2009. Pujols and
Stan Musial Stanley Frank Musial (; born Stanislaw Franciszek Musial; November 21, 1920 – January 19, 2013), nicknamed Stan the Man, was an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games ...

Stan Musial
have collected the most MVPs with three apiece. Bob Gibson won both the Cy Young Award and the MVP award in 1968. The Cardinals are second only to the New York Yankees' 22 MVP awards. * Rookie of the Year: Six Cardinals have won the Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award, Rookie of the Year award: Wally Moon in 1954, Bill Virdon in 1955, Bake McBride in 1974, Vince Coleman in 1985, Todd Worrell in 1986, and Albert Pujols in 2001. * Hitting for the cycle: 20 Cardinal players have Hitting for the cycle, hit for the cycle, the most recent being Mark Grudzielanek in 2005. * Triple Crown: Four of the 16 batting Triple Crowns in the major leagues (including three of only six in the National League) were by Cardinals. Tip O'Neill (baseball), Tip O'Neill won the only
American AssociationAmerican Association may refer to one of the following professional baseball leagues: * American Association (19th century), a major league active from 1882 to 1891 * American Association (20th century), a minor league active from 1902 to 1962 and 1 ...
Triple Crown and the first in franchise history in 1887.
Rogers Hornsby Rogers Hornsby Sr. (April 27, 1896 – January 5, 1963), nicknamed "The Rajah", was an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), battin ...

Rogers Hornsby
became the only two-time winner in NL history when he did it in 1922 and 1925 (Ted Williams won two AL Triple Crowns).
Joe Medwick Joseph Michael Medwick (November 24, 1911 – March 21, 1975), nicknamed "Ducky" and "Muscles", was an American Major League Baseball player. A left fielder with the St. Louis Cardinals during the "Gashouse Gang" era of the 1930s, he also playe ...
's Triple Crown in 1937 is the last in the history of the National League. Hornsby's 1925 numbers led the entire major leagues, making him one of only five players to have won this expanded Triple Crown. * Home runs and RBI in a game: Jim Bottomley drove in 12 runs against 1924 Brooklyn Robins season, Brooklyn on September 16, 1924, an List of Major League Baseball single-game records, all-time MLB single-game record that still stands. On September 7, 1993, Mark Whiten tied that record and another MLB single-game record List of Major League Baseball single-game home run leaders, with four home runs. * 2 Grand Slams in a single inning: Fernando Tatís is the only player in Major League history to hit two Grand Slam (baseball), grand slam home runs in the same inning, on April 23, 1999. Both were against Chan Ho Park of the Dodgers.


Team captains

*Leo Durocher 1934–1937 *Terry Moore (baseball), Terry Moore 1942–1948 *Ken Boyer 1959–1965 *
Ted Simmons Ted Lyle Simmons (born August 9, 1949) is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is playe ...
and Reggie Smith 1976


Hall of Famers


Inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum


St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum

In 2014, the Cardinals announced the reopening of the franchise Hall of Fame after a 6-year hiatus. A formal selection process recognizes former players as Cardinals Hall of Famers each year. To be eligible for election, a player must have been a member of the Cardinals for at least three seasons. The team initially released the names of 22 former players and personnel included in the inaugural class of 2014 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2014. There are now 46 members of the Cardinals Hall of Fame. Positions that are listed were played the equivalent of a full season for the Cardinals. Players who have been nominated, but not inducted, include Steve Carlton, Matt Morris (baseball), Matt Morris, Édgar Rentería, Edgar Renteria, and Lee Smith (baseball), Lee Smith.


Inducted into the Missouri Sports Hall of Fame


Retired numbers

The Cardinals have retired 13 total jersey numbers––second in MLB only to the New York Yankees#Retired numbers, New York Yankees' 22––in honoring 15 total former players and club personnel on the left field wall at
Busch Stadium Busch Stadium, also referred to informally as "New Busch Stadium" or "Busch Stadium III", is a baseball park located in St. Louis, Missouri, the home of the St. Louis Cardinals, the city's Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise. The stadium has ...

Busch Stadium
. A 16th, Jackie Robinson, is honored by all MLB teams. During the time
Rogers Hornsby Rogers Hornsby Sr. (April 27, 1896 – January 5, 1963), nicknamed "The Rajah", was an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), battin ...

Rogers Hornsby
had played, the Cardinals did not have any numbers on their uniforms. This practice had begun with the Cleveland Indians in 1920. Thus, Hornsby had no number to retire. Notes: * Hornsby: When honored in 1937 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1937, '"SL"' was used in place of a number as he played mostly in an era without numbers. * 42: Jackie Robinson's number 42 was retired throughout baseball in 1997. The Cardinals again retired 42 in 2006 St. Louis Cardinals season, September 2006 in honor of Sutter, who was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Hall of Fame earlier in the year. * 85: Cardinal stockholders honored Busch with the number 85 on his 85th birthday in 1984 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1984.


Out of circulation, but not officially retired

* 5: Albert Pujols' (1B, 2001 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2001–2011 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2011) number has not been reissued since he signed with the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim after the 2011 season. * 51: Willie McGee's (OF, 1982 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1982–1990 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1990, 1996 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1996–1999 St. Louis Cardinals season, 1999; Coach, 1996 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2018–present) number has not been reissued since late in the 2001 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2001 season. McGee became a coach on the Cardinals' staff in the 2018 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2018 season and was reissued the number. * 57: Darryl Kile's (P, 2000 St. Louis Cardinals season, 2000–2002 St. Louis Cardinals season, 02) number has not been reissued since his death in the middle of the 2002 season. He is honored with a small circular logo bearing his initials and number on the wall of the Cardinal bullpen. Josh Hancock, another active pitcher deceased in the middle of the season, has his number 32 honored the same way. During the 2014 playoffs, but following the Cardinals' elimination, rookie and star prospect Oscar Taveras was killed in a car accident. His number 18 was added along with Kile's and Hancock's in the home bullpen, and his number was reissued the following season to close friend Carlos Martínez (pitcher, born 1991), Carlos Martínez. The Cardinals first re-issued the number in 2021 Spring Training, to pitcher Zack Thompson, but the number has not yet been worn in a regular season game.


Cardinals records

For a complete list of the record holders, see List of St. Louis Cardinals team records.


Minor league affiliations

The St. Louis Cardinals
farm system In sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and Skill, skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some cases, entertainmen ...
consists of seven Minor League Baseball, minor league affiliates.


Radio and television coverage


Radio

In St. Louis, Entercom-owned KMOX (1120 AM) airs Cardinals games over radio and feeds the rest of the Cardinals network. Capable of reaching 21 million listeners in nine states including Missouri, Illinois, Arkansas, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Tennessee, the Cardinals radio network is the second-largest in MLB with 117 affiliate stations. Mike Shannon and John Rooney (sportscaster), John Rooney alternate as play-by-play announcers, with Chris Hrabe serving as pre-game show, pre-game and post-game show, post-game host. KMOX's 50,000-watt clear-channel station, clear-channel signal covers much of the continental United States at night. At one time, owing to the Cardinals' status as a "regional" franchise, the Cardinals radio network reached almost half of the country. The 2011 season marked the Cardinals' return to KMOX following five seasons on KTRS (AM), KTRS (550 AM), a station which is 50 percent owned by the Cardinals. With a partnership spanning seven decades, and continuously since 1954, its conclusion was realized after the 2005 season when the then owners of KMOX, CBS Radio, and the Cardinals failed to reach terms on a new rights agreement. However, frustrated by the underpowered coverage of 5,000-watt KTRS, the Cardinals reached a new deal with KMOX in 2011. Starting in 2013 (at age 74), Shannon started reducing his workload. As of the 2016 season, he only called home games for the Cardinals. As of the 2019 season, his 47th in the broadcast booth, he surpassed Jack Buck, his long-time broadcast companion, as the longest-tenured Cardinal broadcaster. On January 14, 2021, Shannon announced that the upcoming season, his 50th season in the broadcast booth, would be his last.


Television

Since 2000, Cardinals telecasts have generated the top three in ratings in MLB every season. Fox Sports Midwest airs all games in High-definition television, high-definition and is the team's exclusive television broadcaster, with the exception of selected Major League Baseball on Fox, Saturday afternoon games on Fox Broadcasting Company, Fox (via its St. Louis affiliate, KTVI) or ''Major League Baseball on ESPN, Sunday Night Baseball'' on ESPN. Fox Sports Indiana, Fox Sports South, Fox Sports Tennessee, Fox Sports Oklahoma, Fox Sports Southwest, and Fox Sports Southeast air Cardinals games for fans living within the Cardinals broadcast territory who do not receive the Fox Sports Midwest channel. During the 2016 season, the Cardinals averaged an 8.54 rating and 104,000 viewers on primetime TV broadcasts in St Louis. The television commentators lineup includes Dan McLaughlin, Rick Horton, and Al Hrabosky. Jimmy "The Cat" Hayes serves as field reporter, dugout reporter during the game as well as on ''Cardinals Live'', a pre- and post-game show. ''Cardinals Live'' is hosted in-studio by Pat Parris along with game analysts and former Cardinals players Jim Edmonds, Gary Bennett (baseball), Gary Bennett and Chris Duncan. ''Cardinals Kids'', a program aimed at the team's younger fans, airs weekly in-season on Fox Sports Midwest. It's hosted by former Cardinals pitcher Andy Benes, team mascot Fredbird, and Busch Stadium Public Address announcer John "The U-Man" Ulett. The 30-minute show began airing in 2003 and presents team news, player profiles, and Cardinals team history in a kid-friendly manner along with games and trivia. A weekly magazine program, ''This Week in Cardinal Nation'', airs on St. Louis' NBC affiliate KSDK. Cardinals games had been seen on KSDK (and its predecessor, KSD-TV) from 1947 through 1958, 1963 through 1987, and 2007 until 2010. KPLR-TV was the Cardinals' other over-the-air broadcaster, carrying games from 1959 through 1962 and from 1988 until 2006. Former Cardinals broadcasters include Jack Buck, Harry Caray,
Dizzy Dean Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean (January 16, 1910 – July 17, 1974), also known as Jerome Herman Dean (both the 1910 and 1920 Censuses show his name as "Jay"), was an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to th ...
, Joe Garagiola, Sr., and Jay Randolph. Joe Buck, the son of Jack Buck, was an official member of the Cardinals' broadcast team from 1991 until 2007. The younger Buck is currently the lead play-by-play caller for Fox Sports (United States), Fox Sports' national Fox Major League Baseball, Major League Baseball and Fox NFL, National Football League broadcasts.


Opening Day lineups


Opening Day salaries

Opening Day payrolls for 25-man roster (since 2000): 2018–23 payroll obligations
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Notes


References


Further reading

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External links

*
St. Louis Cardinals news
(from the ''St. Louis Post-Dispatch'')
St. Louis Cardinals Team Index
(at Baseball Reference)
St. Louis Cardinals Team Page
(at Scout.com) {{DEFAULTSORT:Saint Louis Cardinals St. Louis Cardinals, Anheuser-Busch Busch family Grapefruit League Major League Baseball teams St. Louis Browns Baseball teams established in 1882 1882 establishments in Missouri