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Stéphanie, Grand Duchess of Baden
Baden
(Stéphanie Louise Adrienne de Beauharnais; August 28, 1789 – January 29, 1860) was the Grand Duchess consort of Baden
Baden
by marriage to Karl, Grand Duke
Grand Duke
of Baden.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Children 3 Titles and styles 4 References 5 External links

Biography[edit] Born in Versailles at the beginning of the French Revolution, Stéphanie was a great-granddaughter to Claude de Beauharnais (1680–1738) and Renée Hardouineau (1696–1744) who were married in La Rochelle
La Rochelle
during 1713. Their oldest son was François de Beauharnais, Marquess
Marquess
de la Ferte- Beauharnais
Beauharnais
(1714–1800) who served as a governor of Martinique. Their younger son was Claude de Beauharnais, 1st Count des Roches-Baritaud (1717–1784), Stephanie's paternal grandfather. Claude was married in 1753 to Marie Anne Françoise Mouchard (1738–1813), known in poetry as Fanny de Beauharnais. Their oldest son was Claude de Beauharnais, 2nd Count des Roches-Baritaud (1756–1819). In 1783 the 2nd Count married Claudine Françoise de Lezay (1767–1791). The marriage resulted in the birth of first her older brother Alberic de Beauharnais
Beauharnais
(1786–1791) and then Stephanie herself. Her father was remarried in 1799 to Suzanne Fortin-Duplessis (1775–1850). The second marriage resulted in the birth of her half-sister Joséphine de Beauharnais, Marchioness de Quiqueran-Beaujeu (1803–1870). The fates of her family however would be defined by another Joséphine. On December 13, 1779 Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais, first cousin of her father, was married to Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie. On July 23, 1794, Alexandre was guillotined. Joséphine had affairs with several influential figures of the French Directory, including Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras. The latter would introduce her to his recent favorite Napoléon Bonaparte. Napoléon soon started courting her. On March 9, 1796 they were married. General
General
Napoléon Bonaparte
Napoléon Bonaparte
was now stepfather to Eugène de Beauharnais
Beauharnais
and Hortense de Beauharnais, second cousins of Stephanie. As his prominence and wealth continued to rise, Napoléon found himself being de facto patron to both the Bonaparte and the de Beauharnais
Beauharnais
families. Stephanie would soon see her patron rise to become First Consul of France. Her "uncle" crowned himself Emperor of the French on December 2, 1804. As a prominent member of the new Imperial Family, Stephanie held residence in the Tuileries Palace. Her new status allowed her to live a rather luxurious life. She would soon however have to depart both the Palace and France. This was a consequence of Napoleon's effort to secure an alliance with the Prince-elector
Prince-elector
of Baden. The alliance was to be secured through a marriage between the descendants of the two sovereigns, connecting the two dynasties. The Prince-Elector was to be represented by his grandson. Napoleon on the other hand lacked legitimate descendants of his own. He adopted Stephanie and named her "Princesse Française" (French Princess) with the style of Imperial Highness. The marriage took place in Paris
Paris
on April 8, 1806. On July 25, 1806 her new grandfather-in-law was named Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke
Grand Duke
of Baden. By most accounts the arranged marriage was not particularly successful. Her husband was determined to continue living as a bachelor. He set residence in Karlsruhe. She was allowed to settle separately in Mannheim. Even the official complaints by the Emperor did not resolve this situation. The Grand Duke
Grand Duke
offered Schwetzingen
Schwetzingen
to be their common summer residence. But only Stephanie accepted the offer. The situation changed somewhat when it became evident that the aging Grand Duke
Grand Duke
would not live much longer. The couple apparently reconciled in an effort to produce heirs for the throne. Children[edit]

Statue of Stéphanie de Beauharnais
Beauharnais
near Mannheim
Mannheim
Palace

On June 10, 1811, Stephanie's husband, Karl succeeded his grandfather as Grand Duke
Grand Duke
of Baden. He and Grand Duchess Stephanie would have five children:

Princess
Princess
Luise Amelie Stephanie of Baden
Baden
(June 5, 1811 – July 19, 1854). She was married on November 30, 1830 to Gustav, Prince of Vasa. Unnamed son (September 29, 1812 – October 16, 1812). One theory suspects the dead unnamed child to be unrelated to her and her actual son (and therefore the hereditary prince) to be Kaspar Hauser. Although some authors have argued that this was not the case, "the silly fairytale, which to this day moves many pens and has found much belief, was fully disproved in Otto Mittelstädt's book on Kaspar Hauser and his Baden
Baden
Princedom (Heidelberg 1876)."[1] The idea has remained current in some circles to this day. Princess
Princess
Josephine Friederike Luise of Baden
Baden
(October 21, 1813 – June 19, 1900). She was married on October 21, 1834 to Karl Anton, Fürst
Fürst
of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. Prince Alexander of Baden
Baden
(May 1–8, 1816). Princess
Princess
Marie Amelie Elisabeth Karoline of Baden
Baden
(October 11, 1818 – October 8, 1888). She was married on February 23, 1843 to William Alexander Anthony Archibald Douglas-Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton.

Among her descendants are the former Kings of Romania
Kings of Romania
and former King of Yugoslavia, the present King of the Belgians, the present Grand Duke of Luxembourg and the present Sovereign Prince of Monaco. The Grand Duke
Grand Duke
died on December 8, 1818. Stephanie remained a widow for the rest of her long life. She was reportedly a devoted mother to her three daughters. Her residence in Mannheim
Mannheim
became a popular Salon for artists and intellectuals. Stephanie died in Nice, France
France
at the age of 71, in 1860, 41 years after her husband.[2] Titles and styles[edit]

28 August 1789 - 1804: Mademoiselle Stéphanie de Beauharnais 1804 - 8 April 1806: Her Imperial Highness French Princess
Princess
Stéphanie de Beauharnais 8 April 1806 - 25 July 1806: Her Imperial Highness The Hereditary Princess
Princess
of Baden 25 July 1806 - 10 June 1811: Her Imperial Highness The Hereditary Grand Duchess of Baden 10 June 1811 - 11 April 1814: Her Imperial Highness The Grand Duchess of Baden 11 April 1814 - 8 December 1818: Her Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Baden 8 December 1818 - 29 January 1860: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Grand Duchess of Baden

References[edit]

^ Fritz Trautz: Zum Problem der Persönlichkeitsdeutung: Anläßlich das Kaspar-Hauser-Buches von Jean Mistler, in: Francia 2, 1974, S. 723[permanent dead link] ^ "Death of the Grand Duchess Stephanie of Baden". New York Times. February 16, 1860. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stéphanie de Beauharnais.

A German article and portrait of her Information and photo of her emerald and diamond necklace, worn in portrait above.

Stéphanie de Beauharnais House of Beauharnais Born: 28 August 1789 Died: 29 January 1860

German royalty

Preceded by Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt as Margravine of Baden Grand Duchess consort of Baden 10 June 1811 – 8 December 1818 Succeeded by Princess
Princess
Sophie of Sweden

v t e

Beauharnais

Generations are numbered from Claude de Beauharnais, seigneur de Beaumont.

1st generation

François V, Marquis de La Ferté-Beauharnais Claude, 1st Count of Roches-Baritaud m. Françoise Mouchard

2nd generation

François François VI, Marquis de La Ferté- Beauharnais
Beauharnais
m. Françoise de Beauharnais Claude, 2nd Count of Roches-Baritaud Anne, Countess de Barral Alexandre, Viscount of Beauharnais
Beauharnais
m. Joséphine Tascher de La Pagerie (later Empress of the French)

3rd generation

Adélaïde Françoise Émilie, Countess of Lavalette Eugène, Duke of Leuchtenberg* m. Princess
Princess
Augusta of Bavaria Amedee Hortense, Queen of Holland* Alberic Stéphanie, Grand Duchess of Baden* Josephine, Marquise de Quiqueran-Beaujeu Eugénie Hortense, Countess de Querelles Auguste

4th generation

Joséphine, Queen of Sweden and Norway** Eugénie, Princess
Princess
of Hohenzollern-Hechingen** Auguste, Duke of Leuchtenberg** m. Queen Maria II of Portugal Amélie, Empress of Brazil** Théodolinde, Countess of Württemberg** Carolina** Maximilian, Duke of Leuchtenberg**^ m. Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia

5th generation

Alexandra**^ Marie, Princess
Princess
William of Baden**^ Nicholas, Duke of Leuchtenberg**^ Eugenia, Duchess Alexander of Oldenburg**^ Eugen, Duke of Leuchtenberg**^ Sergei**^ Georgi, Duke of Leuchtenberg**^ m. 1st Duchess Therese Petrovna of Oldenburg, m. 2nd Princess
Princess
Anastasia of Montenegro

6th generation

Nicholas de Beauharnais** Daria, Princess
Princess
Leon Kotchoubey George** Alexander, Duke of Leuchtenberg**^ Sergei, Duke of Leuchtenberg**^ Elena, Countess Stefan Tyszkiewicz**^

7th generation

Nicholas de Beauharnais** Dimitri** Nadezhda, Mrs. Mogilevsky** Maximilian** Natalie, Baroness Vladimir Meller-Zakomelsky** Tamara, Mrs. Constantin Karanfilov** Sergei** Andrei** Michael** Constantine** Marie, Countess Nikolai Mengden-Altenwoga**

8th generation

Elena** Maria Magdalen, Mrs. Joseph de Pasquale** George** Anna, Mrs. Stout** Eugénie Élisabeth, Mrs. von Bruch** Xenia, Countess Dimitri Grabbe** Olga, Mrs. Ronald Newburgh** Olga, Mrs. Oleg Gaydeburov** Nicholas** Serge** Elizabeth, Mrs. John Craft**

9th generation

Nicholas Maxiliam Constantine

* also a Prince or Princess
Princess
des Francais ** also a Prince or Princess
Princess
of Leuchtenberg
Leuchtenberg
and Eichstädt ^also a Prince Romanovsky or Princess
Princess
Romanovskaja

v t e

Princesses of Baden
Baden
by marriage

Generations indicate marriage to the princely descendants of Charles Frederick, the first Grand Duke
Grand Duke
of Baden

1st generation

Princess
Princess
Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt Duchess Luise of Nassau-Usingen Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Württemberg

2nd generation

Stéphanie de Beauharnais Princess
Princess
Maria Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg

3rd generation

Princess
Princess
Hilda of Nassau Princess
Princess
Marie Louise of Hanover

4th generation

Princess
Princess
Theodora of Greece and Denmark*

5th generation

Archduchess Valerie of Austria*

6th generation

Stephanie Anne Kaul*

*Titular princess/margravine of Baden
Baden
due to the German Revolution of 1918–19

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 52482346 LCCN: nr90000289 ISNI: 0000 0000 7258 6929 GND: 118617818 BNF: cb1559

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