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Sringeri
Sringeri
also called Shringeri
Shringeri
is a hill town and Taluk headquarters located in Chikkamagaluru district
Chikkamagaluru district
in the state of Karnataka, It is the site of the first maṭha ( Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peeta) established by Adi Shankara, Hindu
Hindu
theologian and exponent of the Advaita
Advaita
Vedanta philosophy, in the 8th century CE It is located on the banks of the river Tungā and also a historical Temple
Temple
(1200 years).

Contents

1 Origin of the name 2 Legend 3 Geography and Climate 4 Demographics 5 Places of interest

5.1 Sharadamba Temple 5.2 Vidyashankara Temple 5.3 Sri Parshwanath Swamy Basadi 5.4 Sirimane Falls 5.5 Hanumanagundi Falls

6 Temples of Guardian Deities 7 Sri Malahanikareshwara Temple

7.1 Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peeta 7.2 Rashi Stambhas

8 How to Reach 9 Where to Stay 10 Best time to Visit 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Origin of the name[edit] The name Sringeri
Sringeri
is derived from Rishyashringa-giri, a nearby hill that is believed to have contained the heritage of Rishi
Rishi
Vibhandaka and his son Rishyashringa. Rishyashringa
Rishyashringa
appears in an episode in the Bala-Kanda of the Ramayana
Ramayana
where a story, narrated by Vasishtha, relates how he brought rains to the drought-stricken kingdom of Romapada.[1] Legend[edit] According to legend, Adi Shankaracharya
Adi Shankaracharya
is said to have selected the site as the place to stay and teach his disciples, because when he was walking by the Tunga river, he saw a cobra with a raised hood, providing shelter from the hot sun, to a frog about to spawn. Impressed with the place where natural enemies had gone beyond their instincts, he stayed here for twelve years. Adi Shankaracharya
Adi Shankaracharya
also established mathas in the northern (at Jyotirmath, near Badrinath), eastern (at Puri) and western (at Dwaraka) quarters of India. Geography and Climate[edit] Sringeri
Sringeri
is located at 13°25′N 75°15′E / 13.42°N 75.25°E / 13.42; 75.25.[2] It has an average elevation of 672 metres (2204 ft). Sringeri
Sringeri
experiences a Tropical monsoon climate
Tropical monsoon climate
under the Köppen climate classification.

Climate data for Sringeri

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 28.7 (83.7) 30.2 (86.4) 31.9 (89.4) 31.8 (89.2) 30.5 (86.9) 26.3 (79.3) 24.3 (75.7) 24.7 (76.5) 26.0 (78.8) 27.3 (81.1) 27.8 (82) 28.0 (82.4) 28.13 (82.62)

Average low °C (°F) 16.0 (60.8) 17.1 (62.8) 19.1 (66.4) 21.0 (69.8) 21.3 (70.3) 20.2 (68.4) 19.8 (67.6) 19.9 (67.8) 19.6 (67.3) 19.4 (66.9) 17.9 (64.2) 16.2 (61.2) 18.96 (66.13)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 3 (0.12) 2 (0.08) 13 (0.51) 78 (3.07) 111 (4.37) 785 (30.91) 1,398 (55.04) 1,016 (40) 268 (10.55) 190 (7.48) 70 (2.76) 15 (0.59) 3,949 (155.48)

Source #1: DES[3]

Source #2: Climate-Data.org[4]

Demographics[edit] As of the 2001 India
India
census,[5] Sringeri
Sringeri
had a population of 4253. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Sringeri
Sringeri
has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 79%. In Sringeri, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age. Places of interest[edit] Sringeri
Sringeri
is home to a number of historic temples. Of these, Sri Sharadamba temple and Sri Vidyashankara temple and parshwanath jain temple are very prominent.Other historic temples nearby are Hornadu, Kollur and Kalasa. Sharadamba Temple[edit]

Sharadamba temple

The Sharada temple, dedicated to the Goddess of learning and wisdom, has grown from a simple shrine dating to the time of Adi Shankaracharya. In the fourteenth century, Vidyaranya is said to have replaced the old sandalwood image with a stone and gold image. The temple structure itself continued to be made of wood till the early 20th century. After an unexpected fire that damaged the structure, the current structure was built in the traditional south Indian style of temple architecture.[6]

Vidyashankara Temple[edit] The Vidyashankara temple was built in commemoration of the pontiff Vidyashankara, around 1357-58 C.E.. It was built by Vidyaranya, patron-saint of Harihara and Bukka, the brothers who founded the Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
empire. The niches in the temple have a number of sculptures from Hindu
Hindu
mythology. Inscriptions in the temple record contributions made by several Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
emperors but the temple was probably built on an earlier Hoysala
Hoysala
site as it combines Hoysala
Hoysala
and Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
architectural features. The temple architecture is also an exhibition of the astronomical expertise of medieval south Indian temple builders. The main temple hall features 12 pillars designated for the 12 signs of the zodiac. Windows and doors along the temple walls are arranged such that equinoxes sunrise views reach the deity. The northern and southern gates enable the sunrise view from the hall during solstices. The Vidyashankara Temple
Temple
was built in the year 1338 A.D. It is a unique monument built entirely of stone combining both Hoysala
Hoysala
(Chalukya) and Dravidian architectural styles. The structure stands on a high plinth and commands a magnificent view from the hills and their slopes all round. It is more or less a rectangle with apisidal east-west ends. On the western side is the Garbhagriha, with Vidya Ganapati
Ganapati
on one side and Durga on the other side of the entrance. On the other three sides of the Garbhagriha
Garbhagriha
are shrines to Brahma, Vishnu
Vishnu
and Maheshwara
Maheshwara
with their consorts. In the eastern half of the structure is a mantapa with twelve pillars, huge monoliths carrying large figures and carrying heavy projecting corbels on top. These twelve pillars are marked by the twelve signs of the zodiac in their regular order, and arranged in such a manner that the rays of the sun fall on each of them in the order of the twelve solar months. On the floor is a large circle, marked with converging lines to indicate the direction of the shadows. The central ceiling is an exquisite piece of workmanship with lotus and pecking parrots. The vimana over the Garbhagriha
Garbhagriha
rises magnificently with shikhara, mahapadma and stupa. The rest of the roof is made up of sloping channelled slab. The basement is elaborately sculpted with animals, puranic stories, Shiva, Vishnu, Dashavatara, Kali, Shanmukha
Shanmukha
and so on. From the caves of the corners of the central hall chains of stone rings hang which is a common feature of the Vijayanagar
Vijayanagar
period. To the student of Hindu
Hindu
iconography, this temple is a veritable store house of sculpture. The meditation of the Linga
Linga
(Vidya Shankara Linga) in the sanctum and other Murtis will lead to Divine realization. Vidyatirtha Rathotsava is celebrated on a grand scale during kartika Shukla paksha. The festival spans for seven days from Tritiya to Navami. On the Saptami day His Holiness Jagadguru
Jagadguru
Bharathi Teertha Mahaswamiji[7] performs special Puja. Also the Aradhana of Sri Vidya Shankara is performed on shasti, saptami and ashtami. This temple is under the care of the Archaeological Survey of India
India
owing to its architectural marvel.[8][9][10][11] Sri Parshwanath Swamy Basadi[edit]

Sri Parshwanath Swamy Basadi

Sri Parshwanath Basadi (Digambar Jain Temple) is situated in the heart of Sringeri
Sringeri
Town. This basadi was built in the memory of Mari Setty whose origin goes to one Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
Shanthi Shetty of Nidugodu village near Belur. The date of construction comes to about 1150 A.D. The main temple is 50 feet long and 30 feet wide. Completely built of stone it has a slooped roof. The Basadi consists of Garbhagriha, Sukhanasi, Navaranga, Mukha Mandapa
Mandapa
and Pradakshina
Pradakshina
Patha. In the Garbhagriha, there is the idol of Sri Parshwanatha
Parshwanatha
Swamy presiding deity made of black stone. It is one foot high and on its base, the words Srimathparisanathaya Namaha are inscribed. Generally a single cobra holds its hood over the Lord’s head. But here, the speciality is that a pair of cobras intertwined hold their seven hoods like an umbrella. Hence this deity is known as Jodi Parshwanatha Swamy. In the sukhanasi the idol of Goddess Padmavati is kept. It is about nine inches in height and is made of black stone. Besides this, the beauty of the Sukhanasi is enhanced by the Jina images of marble, sphatika, black stone and the bronze images of 24 tirthankaras in the Gandhakuti and by the beautiful idols of Brahma, Saraswathi, Ganadharas, etc.[12] Sirimane Falls[edit]

Sirimane Falls
Sirimane Falls
near Sringeri

Sirimane falls is situated at a distance of 12 km from Sringeri. Visitors can visit the place by two wheelers and small vehicles like Car, Jeep and Suvs. No public transport is available to Sirimane falls. However limited number of buses from Sringeri
Sringeri
town till Kigga are available. Kigga is located 5 km away from the falls. One can Hire vehicles from Sringeri
Sringeri
to visit Sirimane falls. Hanumanagundi Falls[edit] Hanumanagundi falls also known as Soothanabbi falls is located on the way to Horanadu
Horanadu
Via Kudremukh. Distance between Sringeri
Sringeri
and the waterfalls is 36 km. Waterfalls lies inside Kudremukh
Kudremukh
National forest which is famous for Shola
Shola
Forests. Gangamoola
Gangamoola
the birthplace of Tunga, Bhadra and Netravati rivers also lies in this region. Temples of Guardian Deities[edit]

Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
with disciples, by Raja Ravivarma, 1904

Sri Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
had constructed four temples on the four sides of the sringeri village.

Kala Bhairava Temple
Temple
in the East Kere Anjaneya Temple
Temple
in the West Kalikamba Temple
Temple
in the North Durgamba Temple
Temple
in the South

Sri Malahanikareshwara Temple[edit] This is located at the centre of the Sringeri
Sringeri
town. Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peeta[edit] Main article: Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peetha

Loads of fish in Tunga River

The Sringeri
Sringeri
matha is known as Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peetha. It is one of the four Hindu
Hindu
Advaita
Advaita
maths established by Adi Shankaracharya. It is also referred to as Dakshinamnaya Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada peetam. Following the tradition initiated by Adi Shankaracharya, the maţha is in charge of the Yajur Veda
Yajur Veda
(the Krishna (Black) Yajurveda is more prevalent in South India, over which the maţha has authority in the Smarta tradition).The head of the matha is called Jagadguru
Jagadguru
(teacher to the world) and also carries the Shankaracharya
Shankaracharya
name as a title. The present Sringeri
Sringeri
Shankaracharya
Shankaracharya
Shri Bharati Tirtha has nominated Jagadguru
Jagadguru
Vidhushekhara Bharathi Mahaswami as his successor.

Sri Shankara Temple
Temple
at Sringeri

Rashi Stambhas[edit] The twelve pillars in the Vidyashankara temple are popularly known as Rashi Stambhas (Zodiac Pillars). Symbols of the twelve divisions of the zodiac are engraved on these pillars. The temple is an architectural marvel. Among the many delicate carvings, lions that are engraved in biped positions on the pillars may be mentioned. There are stone balls inside the growling faces of the lions and they can be moved inside their mouths. It is said that the design of the pillars involved certain astronomical concepts. For example, the first rays of the rising sun fall on specific pillars with the zodiac symbol on the pillar corresponding to the position of the sun. How to Reach[edit] Sringeri
Sringeri
can also be reached from Mangalore
Mangalore
which is at distance of 105 kilometers by road via Karkala. KSRTC operates AC and Non AC luxury buses from Bengaluru. Other travels like SRS and Sugama operate buses from Bengaluru. Sringeri
Sringeri
is situated at a distance of 86 kilometres from Chikmagalur
Chikmagalur
by road. Chikkamagaluru
Chikkamagaluru
is connected to Bengaluru
Bengaluru
and other cities through road and a rail line via Kadur. It is 95 km from Shimoga
Shimoga
which is connected to Bengaluru
Bengaluru
through Bus and Rail routes. Private buses are operated from Sringeri
Sringeri
to Shimoga
Shimoga
with good frequency. Udupi
Udupi
is at distance of 80 km via Hebri
Hebri
and Agumbe. The nearest airport is Mangalore
Mangalore
International Airport at Mangalore. Where to Stay[edit]

Sringeri
Sringeri
is a small village but the number of accommodation options available is really astounding. The town has guest houses run by the temple administration. Visit Sringeri
Sringeri
Mutt web site for details. There are many private lodges also.

Best time to Visit[edit] Since Sringeri
Sringeri
is situated in the Malnad
Malnad
region, the best time to visit is between October and March. See also[edit]

India
India
portal

Mangalore Karkala Horanadu Agumbe Chikmagalur

References[edit]

^ "The legend of Rishyasringa". Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peeta. Retrieved 2006-11-07.  ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Sringeri ^ "DES" (PDF). DES. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 March 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2016.  ^ "CLIMATE: SRINGERI". Retrieved 18 February 2016.  ^ " Census
Census
of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census
Census
Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  ^ "Sri Sharadamba Temple". Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peeta. Retrieved 2006-11-07.  ^ http://www.sringeri.net/jagadgurus/sri-bharati-tirtha-mahaswamiji ^ http://www.sringeri.net/temples/sri-vidyashankara%7Caccessdate= 2015-03-15 ^ "Sri Vidyashankara Temple". Sringeri
Sringeri
Sharada Peeta. Retrieved 2006-11-07.  ^ "Zodiacal pillars of Sringeri" (PDF). Current Science. Indian Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-07. Retrieved 2006-03-25.  ^ "Vidyashankara Temple". Indiantemples.com. Retrieved 2006-11-07.  ^ http://www.jainheritagecentres.com/jainism-in-india/karnataka/sringeri/

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to shringeri.

Sringeri
Sringeri
travel guide from Wikivoyage A Photo Essay of Sringeri Some offbeat photos of Sringeri Shankara Sringeri Sri Parshwanath Swamy Digambar Jain Temple

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Chikkamagaluru
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History

Hoysala
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Empire Kingdom of Mysore Wodeyars

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A.R. Krishnashastry D.C. Srikantappa Kuvempu Jairam Ramesh

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Bhadra Netravathi Tunga Vedavathi

Education

Adichunchanagiri Institute of Technology

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Baba Budan Giri Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary Hanumanagundi Falls Hebbe Falls Kemmangundi Kudremukh Mullayanagiri

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Temple
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Temple
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Temple
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Temple
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Mookambika
Temple
Temple
Kollooru Mudukuthore Mundkur Sri Durgaparameshwari Temple Murudeshwara Mylara Lingeshwara Temple
Temple
at Mylara Nandi Temple Nagamangala Nageshvara-Chennakeshava Temple
Temple
complex, Mosale Navalinga Temple Narasimha Jhira Cave Temple, Bidar Nellitheertha Cave Temple Padutirupathi Panchalingeshwara temple, Govindanahalli Pattadakal Polali Rajarajeshwari Temple Ragigudda Anjaneya Temple Rameshvara Temple, Narasamangala Ranganathaswamy Temple, Bangalore Sadasiva Temple Saundatti Sharana Basaveshwara Temple Shree Vishnumurthy Temple Shri Vinayaka Shankaranarayana Durgamba Temple Shringeri Shringeri
Shringeri
Sharadamba Temple Siddhesvara Temple
Temple
Haveri Srikanteshwara Temple, Nanjangud Sirsangi Kalika Temple Kolar Someshwara Temple Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Shivanasamudra Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangapatna Sudi Talagunda Talakad Tamboor Temples in Tulunadu Temples of North Karnataka Thirunarayanapuram Timmalapura Trikuteshwara
Trikuteshwara
Temple
Temple
Gadag Tripurantaka Temple Turuvekere Udupi
Udupi
Sri Krishna Matha Veera Narayana Temple, Belavadi Vijayanarayana Temple, Gundlupet Virupaksha Temple Western Chalukya temples Yediyur Siddhalingeshwara Swamy Temple Yelluru Shri Vishwes

.