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The Srebarna Nature Reserve
Srebarna Nature Reserve
(Bulgarian: Природен резерват Сребърна, transliterated as Priroden rezervat Srebarna) is a nature reserve in northeastern Bulgaria
Bulgaria
(Southern Dobruja), near the village of the same name, 18 km west of Silistra
Silistra
and 2 km south of the Danube. It comprises Lake Srebarna and its surroundings and is located on the Via Pontica, a bird migration route between Europe
Europe
and Africa. The reserve embraces 6 km2 of protected area and a buffer zone of 5.4 km2. The lake's depth varies from 1 to 3 m. There is a museum constructed, where a collection of stuffed species typical for the reserve is arranged.

Contents

1 History 2 Legends 3 Environment

3.1 Flora 3.2 Fauna

4 Gallery 5 Honour 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] While Lake Srebarna was studied many times in the past by foreign biologists, the first Bulgarian scientist to take an interest in the area was Aleksi Petrov, who visited the reserve in 1911. In 1913, the whole of Southern Dobrudja was incorporated in Romania, but was returned to Bulgaria
Bulgaria
in 1940, when the area was visited once again by Petrov to examine the colonies of birds that nest there.

View towards the Srebarna reserve

The area was proclaimed a nature reserve in 1948 and is a Ramsar site since 1975. The reserve was recognized as World Natural Heritage Site under the 1972 Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage and included in the UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage List
World Heritage List
in 1983. Legends[edit] There are several legends about the origin of the lake's name. The one is about a khan named Srebrist, who died in the neighbourhood whilst engaging in an unequal battle with the Pechenegs. A second one tells about a boat full of silver (srebro in Bulgarian) along the shores of the lake. According to a third one, which is regarded as most plausible, the name comes from the silvery reflections on the lake's surface during full moon. Environment[edit] Flora[edit]

Pelicans in the museum

There are hydrophyte species such as reed in and around the lake. The reserve is home to 139 plant species, 11 of them are in danger of extinction outside the territory of Srebarna. Fauna[edit] A wide variety of fauna exists in the area. 39 mammal, 21 reptile and amphibian and 10 fish species inhabit the reserve, which is most famous for the 179 bird species that nest on its territory, some of which include the Dalmatian pelican, the mute swan, the greylag goose, the marsh harrier, the bluethroat, herons and cormorants. Gallery[edit]

Gallery with 360° panorama pictures from the reserve

Honour[edit] Srebarna Glacier
Srebarna Glacier
on Livingston Island
Livingston Island
in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica
Antarctica
is named after Srebarna. References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Srebarna Nature Reserve.

Official UNESCO
UNESCO
website entry Lake Srebarna - virtual tour Pelican Lake Environmental Project Centre Life in Srebarna danubemap.eu Lake Srebarna - Official page

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World Heritage Sites in Bulgaria

Boyana Church Madara Rider Nesebar
Nesebar
(Nessebar) Pirin National Park Primeval Beech Forests1 Rila Monastery Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo Srebarna Nature Reserve Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari

1 with Albania, Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Germany, Italy, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Ukraine

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Protected areas of Bulgaria

National parks

Central Balkan Pirin Rila

Nature parks

Belasitsa Bulgarka Golden Sands Persina Rila Monastery Rusenski Lom Shumen Plateau Sinite Kamani Strandzha Vitosha Vrachanski Balkan

Nature reserves

Ali Botush Reserve Atanasovo Lake Burgas Lake Bayuvi Dupki–Dzhindzhiritsa Bistrishko Branishte Boatin Central Rila Reserve Chengene Skele Dzhendema Ibar Kaliakra Kamchia Kamenshtitsa Kozya Stena Mandra Lake Mantaritza Orelyak Parangalitsa Peeshti Skali Poda Ropotamo Severen Dzhendem Silkosiya Skakavitsa Sokolna Srebarna Sredoka Stara Reka Steneto Tisata Tisovitsa Torfeno Branishte Tsarichina Usungeren Uzunbodz

.