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The Spreewald
Spreewald
(German for " Spree
Spree
Woods"; in Lower Sorbian: Błota) is a picturesque section of the German state of Brandenburg located about 100 km south-east of Berlin. Spreewald
Spreewald
was designated a biosphere reserve by UNESCO
UNESCO
in 1991. It is known for its traditional irrigation system, consisting of more than 200 small canals (called "Fließe"; total length: 1,300 km ) within the 484-square-kilometre (187 sq mi) area. The landscape was shaped during the ice-age. Alder
Alder
forests on wetlands and pine forests on sandy dry areas are characteristic for the region. Grasslands and fields can be found as well.

Contents

1 Overview 2 Nature 3 Economy 4 Photogallery 5 See also 6 External links

Overview[edit]

Historical housing at Lehde (a district of Lübbenau)

About 50,000 people live in the biosphere reserve (1998). Many of them are descendants of the first settlers in the Spreewald
Spreewald
region, the Slavic tribes of the Sorbs/Wends. They have preserved their traditional language, customs and clothing to this day. People mostly depend on tourism. Many tourists enjoy the exploration of the Spreewald
Spreewald
in punts. Agriculture, forestry and fishery are other important sources of income. The principal town of the area is Lübbenau. Spreewald
Spreewald
gave its name to the following German districts:

Dahme-Spreewald Oberspreewald-Lausitz

Nature[edit] About 18,000 species of flora and fauna have been counted. In 1991, the Spreewald
Spreewald
was designated a UNESCO
UNESCO
"Biosphärenreservat" (Man and Biosphere Reserve Programme). Economy[edit] The Spreewald
Spreewald
is known as a tourist destination and is known throughout Germany
Germany
for the production of natural organic products. The tourism and economic demarcation of the Spreewald
Spreewald
is thus much more difficult than its geographical extension. Due to its popularity and the associated advantage, the borders of the Spreewald
Spreewald
tourism and business area have increasingly extended from the actual natural space of the Spreewald. Especially for the regional food industry the economic area Spreewald
Spreewald
was created, which is much larger than the real Spreewald. This economic area is protected as a geographical indication within the EU. Before the legal protection of the space there were several court disputes over the designation Spreewald
Spreewald
on food labels. Photogallery[edit]

Wendish girls in Easter dresses, April 1930.

Traditional costume, c. 1948

"Greetings from Spreewald": a postcard from 1899

A tourist boat on a Spreewald
Spreewald
canal in Lübbenau-Lehde

Typical flat bottomed river boat in Spreewald

Postal service at Lehde

Behind the alder tree is a haystack with the typical supporting post.

See also[edit]

Spreewald
Spreewald
gherkins

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spreewald.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Spreewald.

 "Spreewald". Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). 1911.  Official website The Spreewald
Spreewald
Guide - your Guide for the Spreewald
Spreewald
area Information about country, people and tourism in the Spreewald
Spreewald
in English Cycling-trip through the Spreewald
Spreewald
– with many Pictures

v t e

Biosphere reserves in Germany

Berchtesgaden Alps Black Forest Bliesgau Middle Elbe Palatinate Forest Rhön Mountains Rügen Schaalsee Schorfheide-Chorin Spreewald Swabian Jura Thuringian Forest Upper Lusatia Vesser Valley Thuringian Forest Vilm Wadden Sea

Coordinates: 51°54′50″N 13°55′35″E / 51.91389°N 13.92639°E /

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