The Info List - Spike Lee

Shelton Jackson "Spike" Lee (born March 20, 1957) is an American film director, producer, writer, and actor. His production company, 40 Acres and a Mule Filmworks, has produced over 35 films since 1983. He made his directorial debut with She's Gotta Have It
She's Gotta Have It
(1986), and has since directed such films as Do the Right Thing
Do the Right Thing
(1989), Malcolm X (1992), The Original Kings of Comedy
The Original Kings of Comedy
(2000), 25th Hour
25th Hour
(2002), Inside Man (2006), and most recently Chi-Raq
(2015). Lee has acted in ten of his own films. Lee's movies have examined race relations, colorism in the black community, the role of media in contemporary life, urban crime and poverty, and other political issues. Lee has received two Academy Award nominations, a Student Academy Award
Academy Award
and an Academy Honorary Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, and won numerous other awards, including two Emmy Awards, two Peabody Awards, an honorary BAFTA Award, an Honorary César and the 2013 Gish Prize.[1][2][3][4]


1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Professor 2.2 Film 2.3 Commercials

3 Personal life 4 Controversial remarks 5 Filmography 6 Awards, honors and nominations 7 References 8 External links

Early life Lee was born in Atlanta, Georgia, the son of Jacqueline Carroll (née Shelton), a teacher of arts and black literature, and William James Edward Lee III, a jazz musician and composer.[5][6] Lee also had three younger siblings Joie, David, and Cinqué, who all worked in many different positions in Lee's films. Director Malcolm D. Lee is his cousin. When he was a child, the family moved to Brooklyn, New York. His mother nicknamed him "Spike" during his childhood. He attended John Dewey High School
John Dewey High School
in Brooklyn's Gravesend neighborhood. Lee enrolled in Morehouse College, a historically black college, where he made his first student film, Last Hustle in Brooklyn. He took film courses at Clark Atlanta
University and graduated with a B.A. in mass communication from Morehouse. He did graduate work at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, where he earned a Master of Fine Arts in film & television.[7] Career Professor In 1991, Lee taught a course at Harvard about filmmaking and in 1993 he began to teach at New York University’s Tisch School of the Arts in the Graduate Film Program. It was there that he received his Master of Fine Arts and was appointed Artistic Director in 2002.[8] Film Main article: Spike Lee
Spike Lee

Lee in 2007

Lee's independent film, Joe's Bed-Stuy Barbershop: We Cut Heads, was the first student film to be showcased in Lincoln Center's New Directors/New Films Festival. In 1985, Lee began work on his first feature film, She's Gotta Have It. With a budget of $175,000, he shot the film in two weeks. When the film was released in 1986, it grossed over $7,000,000 at the U.S. box office.[9] Lee's 1989 film Do the Right Thing
Do the Right Thing
was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay in 1989. Many people, including Hollywood's Kim Basinger, believed that Do the Right Thing
Do the Right Thing
also deserved a Best Picture nomination. Driving Miss Daisy
Driving Miss Daisy
won Best Picture that year. Lee said in an April 7, 2006 interview with New York magazine that the other film's success, which he thought was based on safe stereotypes, hurt him more than if his film had not been nominated for an award.[10] After the 1990 release of Mo' Better Blues, Lee was accused of antisemitism by the Anti-Defamation League
Anti-Defamation League
and several film critics. They criticized the characters of the club owners Josh and Moe Flatbush, described as "Shylocks". Lee denied the charge, explaining that he wrote those characters in order to depict how black artists struggled against exploitation. Lee said that Lew Wasserman, Sidney Sheinberg or Tom Pollock, the Jewish heads of MCA and Universal Studios, were unlikely to allow antisemitic content in a film they produced. He said he could not make an antisemitic film because Jews run Hollywood, and "that's a fact".[11] His 1997 documentary 4 Little Girls, about the children killed in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing
16th Street Baptist Church bombing
in Birmingham, Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama
in 1963, was nominated for the Best Feature Documentary Academy Award.

Lee with his Peabody Award, 2011

On May 2, 2007, the 50th San Francisco International Film Festival honored Spike Lee
Spike Lee
with the San Francisco Film Society's Directing Award. In 2008, he received the Wexner Prize.[12] In 2013, he won The Dorothy and Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
Prize, one of the richest prizes in the American arts worth $300,000.[13] In 2015, Lee received an Academy Honorary Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for his contributions to film.[14] Lee directed, wrote, and produced the MyCareer story mode in the video game NBA 2K16.[15] Lee's films are typically referred to as " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Joints" and the closing credits always end with the phrases "By Any Means Necessary", "Ya Dig" and "Sho Nuff".[16] However, his 2013 film, Oldboy uses the traditional "A Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Film" credit after producers heavily re-edited it.[17] Commercials In mid-1990, Levi's began producing a series of TV commercials directed by Lee for their 501 button fly jeans.[18] Marketing executives from Nike[19] offered Lee a job directing commercials for the company. They wanted to pair Lee's character, the Michael Jordan–loving Mars Blackmon, and Jordan in a marketing campaign for the Air Jordan
Air Jordan
line. Later, Lee was called on to comment on the controversy surrounding the inner-city rash of violence involving youths trying to steal Air Jordans from other kids.[20] He said that, rather than blaming manufacturers of apparel that gained popularity, "deal with the conditions that make a kid put so much importance on a pair of sneakers, a jacket and gold". Through the marketing wing of 40 Acres and a Mule, Lee has directed commercials for Converse,[21] Jaguar,[22] Taco Bell,[23] and Ben & Jerry's.[24] Personal life

Lee speaking at a rally in support of the presidential campaign of Bernie Sanders in Washington Square Park, April 2016

Lee met his wife, attorney Tonya Lewis, in 1992 and they were married a year later in New York.[25] They have one daughter, Satchel, born in 1994, and a son, Jackson, born in 1997.[26][27] Spike Lee
Spike Lee
is a fan of the American baseball team the New York Yankees, basketball team the New York Knicks, and the English football team Arsenal.[28] One of the documentaries in ESPN's 30 for 30
30 for 30
series, Winning Time: Reggie Miller
Reggie Miller
vs. The New York Knicks, focuses partly on Lee's interaction with Miller at Knicks games in Madison Square Garden. In June 2003, Lee sought an injunction against Spike TV
Spike TV
to prevent them from using his nickname.[29] Lee claimed that because of his fame, viewers would think he was associated with the new channel.[30][31] When asked by the BBC
if he believed in God, Lee said: "Yes. I have faith that there is a higher being. All this cannot be an accident."[32] While Lee continues to maintain an office in Fort Greene, Brooklyn, he and his wife live on the Upper East Side
Upper East Side
of Manhattan.[33] Controversial remarks

Lee in September 2011

As Lee became more well known and his work and comments were followed more closely, he became embroiled in some controversies. In May 1999, the New York Post
New York Post
reported that Lee made an inflammatory comment about Charlton Heston, president of the National Rifle Association, while speaking to reporters at the Cannes Film Festival. Lee was quoted as saying the National Rifle Association
National Rifle Association
should be disbanded and, of Heston, someone should "Shoot him with a .44 Bull Dog."[34][35] Lee said he intended it as a joke. He was responding to coverage about whether Hollywood was responsible for school shootings. "The problem is guns," he said.[36] Republican House Majority Leader Dick Armey
Dick Armey
condemned Lee as having "nothing to offer the debate on school violence except more violence and more hate."[36] In October 2005, Lee responded to a CNN
anchor's question as to whether the government intentionally ignored the plight of black Americans during the 2005 Hurricane Katrina catastrophe by saying, "It's not too far-fetched. I don't put anything past the United States government. I don't find it too far-fetched that they tried to displace all the black people out of New Orleans."[37] In later comments, Lee cited the government's past including the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male.[38][39] At the 2008 Cannes Film Festival, Lee, who was then making Miracle at St. Anna, about an all-black U.S. division fighting in Italy during World War II, criticized director Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
for not depicting black Marines in his own World War II
World War II
film, Flags of Our Fathers. Citing historical accuracy, Eastwood responded that his film was specifically about the Marines who raised the flag on Mount Suribachi at Iwo Jima, pointing out that while black Marines did fight at Iwo Jima, the U.S. military was racially segregated during World War II, and none of the men who raised the flag were black. He angrily said that Lee should "shut his face". Lee responded that Eastwood was acting like an "angry old man", and argued that despite making two Iwo Jima films back to back, Letters from Iwo Jima
Iwo Jima
and Flags of Our Fathers, "there was not one black soldier in both of those films".[40][41][42] He added that he and Eastwood were "not on a plantation."[43] Lee later claimed that the event was exaggerated by the media and that he and Eastwood had reconciled through mutual friend Steven Spielberg, culminating in his sending Eastwood a print of Miracle at St. Anna.[44] In March 2012, after the shooting of Trayvon Martin, Spike Lee
Spike Lee
was one of many people who used Twitter
to circulate a message which claimed to give the home address of the shooter George Zimmerman. The address turned out to be incorrect, causing the real occupants, Elaine and David McClain, to leave home and stay at a hotel due to numerous death threats.[45] Lee issued an apology and reached an agreement with the McClains which reportedly included "compensation", with their attorney stating "The McClains’ claim is fully resolved".[46][47] Nevertheless, in November 2013, the McClains filed a negligence lawsuit which accused Lee of "encouraging a dangerous mob mentality among his Twitter
followers, as well as the public-at-large".[45][48] The lawsuit, which a court filing reportedly valued at $1.2 million, alleged that the couple suffered "injuries and damages" that continued after the initial settlement up through Zimmerman's trial in 2013.[45] A Seminole County judge dismissed the McClains' suit, agreeing with Lee that the issue had already been settled previously.[49] Filmography Main article: Spike Lee
Spike Lee
filmography Awards, honors and nominations Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Spike Lee Early in his career he won the Student Academy Award
Academy Award
for his film Joe's Bed-Stuy Barbershop: We Cut Heads. He won awards at the Black Reel Awards for Love and Basketball, the Black Movie Awards for Inside Man, and the Berlin International Film Festival for Get on the Bus. He has been nominated twice for an Academy Award, but never won; in November 2015, he was given an Honorary Academy Award
Academy Award
for his contributions to film-making. References

^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
wins $300,000 Gish Prize". BBC
News. Retrieved 30 April 2014.  ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Awarded $300,000 Prize From Dorothy and Lillian Gish Foundation". BET: Black Entertainment Television. Retrieved 30 April 2014.  ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
awarded $300,000 Gish Prize". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 30 April 2014.  ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
to receive prestigious Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
award". Hollywood. Retrieved 1 May 2014.  ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Biography (1956?-)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved August 14, 2010.  ^ "7". Who Do You Think You Are?. Season 1. Episode 7. April 30, 2010. NBC.  ^ "SHELTON "SPIKE" LEE '79". Morehouse College. April 9, 2012. Archived from the original on May 6, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2012.  ^ "Professor web page". NYU Tish Directory. NYU. Retrieved 25 November 2015.  ^ " She's Gotta Have It
She's Gotta Have It
(1986)". Box Office Mojo. August 26, 1986. Retrieved June 13, 2011.  ^ Hill, Logan (April 7, 2008). "Q&A with Spike Lee
Spike Lee
on Making 'Do the Right Thing'". New York. Retrieved June 13, 2011.  ^ James, Caryn (August 16, 1990). "Spike Lee's Jews and the Passage from Benign Cliche into Bigotry". The New York Times. Retrieved December 1, 2009.  ^ "" Spike Lee
Spike Lee
to Receive the Wexner Prize"; Wexner Center for the Arts". Wexarts.org. Archived from the original on June 14, 2011. Retrieved June 13, 2011.  ^ Chris Lee (September 18, 2013). " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
awarded $300,000 Gish Prize". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 19, 2013.  ^ "Spike Lee, Debbie Reynolds And Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
To Receive Academy's 2015 Governors Awards". August 27, 2015.  ^ Plunkett, Luke (June 4, 2015). " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Is Writing A Video Game Campaign". Kotaku. Retrieved June 6, 2015.  ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 2009-02-10.  ^ Maane Khatchatourian (November 29, 2013). "'Oldboy' Will Likely Be Trampled by New Releases in Thanksgiving Rush". Variety. Retrieved 2016-08-04.  ^ Elliott, Stuart (July 22, 1991). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS: Advertising; Levi and Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Return In 'Button Your Fly' Part 2". The New York Times. ^ "Kindred, Dave; "Mars points NBA to next Milky Way – advertising character Mars Blackmon"; findarticles.com; July 21, 1997". Findarticles.com. July 21, 1997. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012. Retrieved June 13, 2011.  ^ Chucksconnection.com Archived August 11, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Converse Splits With Butler". Retrieved 2018-02-15.  ^ "Jaguar enlists Spike Lee
Spike Lee
to help diversify market". Retrieved 2018-02-15.  ^ JOHNSON, GREG (1995-07-07). "Basketball Stars Team Up for Taco Bell Ad Campaign : Marketing: Shaquille O'Neal and Hakeem Olajuwon go one-on-one in television commercials that follow up provocative teasers in several papers". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2018-02-15.  ^ "BEN & JERRY'S & SPIKE & SMOOTH ICE CREAMS' FIRST BIG AD EFFORT BOASTS A SOCIAL CONSCIENCE". Retrieved 2018-02-15.  ^ Rothkranz, Lindzy. "Tonya Lewis Lee, Spike's Wife: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy.  ^ "Milestones". Time. December 19, 1994.  ^ :am (October 27, 2009). "Black Celebrity Kids, babies, and their Parents » SPIKE LEE AND KIDS ATTEND MICHAEL JACKSON'S THIS IS IT PREMIERE". Blackcelebkids.Com. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. Retrieved August 28, 2012.  ^ "Arsenal Supporters Series: Spike Lee". Arsenal.theoffside.com. Archived from the original on December 2, 2009. Retrieved August 14, 2010.  ^ Romano, Allison (April 21, 2003). "TNN Hopes Mainly Men Will Watch "Spike TV"s". Retrieved August 31, 2007.  ^ Breaking... – 6/16/2003 – Broadcasting & Cable ^ "Spike sues over channel name". BBC
News. June 4, 2003. Retrieved May 23, 2010.  ^ Papamichael, Stella. "Calling the Shots: No.21: Spike Lee". BBC. Retrieved 23 March 2017.  ^ "Real Estate 2001: Neighborhood Profiles".  ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Says Remark About Shooting Heston Was A Joke – Chicago Tribune". Articles.chicagotribune.com. May 28, 1999. Retrieved February 13, 2013.  ^ "Heston was always a man of his words – Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. April 8, 2008. Retrieved February 13, 2013.  ^ a b "Living foot to mouth". Salon.com. May 28, 1999. Archived from the original on June 23, 2008. Retrieved June 13, 2011.  ^ Lee Won't Dismiss Theories Of A Flooding Conspiracy ^ "All about Spike Lee's latest film".  ^ "Clip of Lee expressing his views of the Hurricane Katrina and Tuskegee matters on ''Real Time with Bill Maher''". Youtube.com. Retrieved June 13, 2011.  ^ Marikar, Sheila (June 6, 2008). "Spike Strikes Back: Clint's 'an Angry Old Man'". ABC News.  ^ "Eastwood hits back at Lee claims". BBC
News. June 6, 2008. Retrieved August 4, 2009.  ^ Lyman, Eric J. (May 21, 2008). "Lee calls out Eastwood, Coens over casting". The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Reporter
(8): 3, 24.  ^ Wainwright, Martin (June 9, 2008). "'We're not on a plantation, Clint'". The Guardian.  ^ "Access Exclusive: Spike Lee
Spike Lee
On Clint Eastwood: 'We're Cool'" OMG!/Yahoo! September 6, 2008 Archived January 5, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c "Elderly Couple Sues Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Over Tweet". The Smoking Gun. November 8, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013.  ^ " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
apologizes for retweeting wrong Zimmerman address". CNN. March 29, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2012.  ^ Muskal, Michael (March 29, 2012). "Trayvon Martin: Spike Lee
Spike Lee
settles with family forced to flee home". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 1, 2012.  ^ Colleen Curry (November 11, 2013). " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Sued Over George Zimmerman Tweet". ABC News. Retrieved November 11, 2013.  ^ TV, Centric. "Judge Dismisses Lawsuit Against Spike Lee
Spike Lee
Over George Zimmerman Tweet - What's Good - Entertainment - Articles - Centric". 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spike Lee.

Spike Lee
Spike Lee
on IMDb Spike Lee
Spike Lee
on Twitter
Spike Lee
Spike Lee
on Charlie Rose " Spike Lee
Spike Lee
collected news and commentary". The New York Times. 

" Spike Lee
Spike Lee
collected news and commentary". The Guardian.  Appearances on C-SPAN Ubben Lecture at DePauw University Criterion Collection Essay on Spike Lee's Do the Right Thing Lee's Lens Exposes Inequalities, but he's no Revolutionary by Brendan Kelly, Canwest, April 11, 2009

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Spike Lee

Filmography Awards and nominations

Feature films directed

She's Gotta Have It
She's Gotta Have It
(1986) School Daze
School Daze
(1988) Do the Right Thing
Do the Right Thing
(1989) Mo' Better Blues
Mo' Better Blues
(1990) Jungle Fever
Jungle Fever
(1991) Malcolm X (1992) Crooklyn (1994) Clockers (1995) Girl 6
Girl 6
(1996) Get on the Bus
Get on the Bus
(1996) He Got Game
He Got Game
(1998) Summer of Sam
Summer of Sam
(1999) Bamboozled
(2000) 25th Hour
25th Hour
(2002) She Hate Me
She Hate Me
(2004) Inside Man
Inside Man
(2006) Miracle at St. Anna
Miracle at St. Anna
(2008) Red Hook Summer
Red Hook Summer
(2012) Oldboy (2013) Da Sweet Blood of Jesus
Da Sweet Blood of Jesus
(2014) Chi-Raq
(2015) Black Klansman (2018)

Documentaries directed

4 Little Girls
4 Little Girls
(1997) Freak (1998) The Original Kings of Comedy
The Original Kings of Comedy
(2000) A Huey P. Newton Story
A Huey P. Newton Story
(2001) The Concert for New York City
The Concert for New York City
(2001, "Come Rain or Come Shine") Jim Brown: All-American (2002) When the Levees Broke
When the Levees Broke
(2006) Kobe Doin' Work
Kobe Doin' Work
(2009) Passing Strange (2009) If God Is Willing and da Creek Don't Rise (2010) Bad 25 (2012) Michael Jackson's Journey from Motown to Off the Wall
Michael Jackson's Journey from Motown to Off the Wall

Other films directed

Joe's Bed-Stuy Barbershop: We Cut Heads (1983) Lumière and Company
Lumière and Company
(1995) Ten Minutes Older: The Trumpet (2002, segment "We Wuz Robbed") All the Invisible Children
All the Invisible Children
(2005, segment "Jesus Children of America")


Sucker Free City
Sucker Free City
(2004) She's Gotta Have It
She's Gotta Have It

Related articles

40 Acres and a Mule Filmworks Bill Lee Joie Lee David Lee Cinqué Lee Malcolm D. Lee

v t e

Black Reel Award for Outstanding Director


Malcolm D. Lee (2000) Gina Prince-Bythewood
Gina Prince-Bythewood
(2001) Antoine Fuqua
Antoine Fuqua
(2002) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2003) F. Gary Gray
F. Gary Gray
(2004) Mario Van Peebles
Mario Van Peebles
(2005) Thomas Carter (2006) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(2007) Gina Prince-Bythewood
Gina Prince-Bythewood
(2008) no awards in 2009


Lee Daniels
Lee Daniels
(2010) Albert Hughes and Allen Hughes (2011) Steve McQueen (2012) Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
(2013) Steve McQueen (2014) Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
(2015) Ryan Coogler
Ryan Coogler
(2016) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2017) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele

v t e

Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Director

Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(1985) David Lynch
David Lynch
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1988) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(1994) Mike Figgis
Mike Figgis
(1995) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(2011) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) George Miller (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
/ Luca Guadagnino
Luca Guadagnino

v t e

Academy Honorary Award


Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)


Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford


Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)


Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

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Honorary César


Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1976) Diana Ross
Diana Ross
(1976) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
(1977) Jacques Tati
Jacques Tati
(1977) Robert Dorfmann (1978) René Goscinny
René Goscinny
(1978) Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1979) Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1979) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1979) Pierre Braunberger (1980) Louis de Funès
Louis de Funès
(1980) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1981) Alain Resnais (1981) Georges Dancigers (1982) Alexandre Mnouchkine (1982) Jean Nény (1982) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Raimu
(1983) René Clément
René Clément
(1984) Georges de Beauregard (1984) Edwige Feuillère
Edwige Feuillère
(1984) Christian-Jaque (1985) Danielle Darrieux
Danielle Darrieux
(1985) Christine Gouze-Rénal (1985) Alain Poiré (1985) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1986) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1986) Jean Delannoy
Jean Delannoy
(1986) René Ferracci (1986) Claude Lanzmann
Claude Lanzmann
(1986) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1987) Serge Silberman (1988) Bernard Blier
Bernard Blier
(1989) Paul Grimault
Paul Grimault
(1989) Gérard Philipe
Gérard Philipe
(1990) Jean-Pierre Aumont
Jean-Pierre Aumont
(1991) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1991) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1992) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1992) Jean Marais
Jean Marais
(1993) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1993) Gérard Oury
Gérard Oury
(1993) Jean Carmet
Jean Carmet
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1995) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Henri Verneuil
Henri Verneuil
(1996) Charles Aznavour
Charles Aznavour
(1997) Andie MacDowell
Andie MacDowell
(1997) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1998) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1998) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
(1999) Jean Rochefort
Jean Rochefort
(1999) Josiane Balasko
Josiane Balasko
(2000) Georges Cravenne
Georges Cravenne
(2000) Jean-Pierre Léaud
Jean-Pierre Léaud
(2000) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese


Darry Cowl (2001) Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2001) Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2001) Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
(2002) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(2002) Claude Rich
Claude Rich
(2002) Bernadette Lafont
Bernadette Lafont
(2003) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2003) Micheline Presle
Micheline Presle
(2004) Jacques Dutronc
Jacques Dutronc
(2005) Will Smith
Will Smith
(2005) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2006) Pierre Richard
Pierre Richard
(2006) Marlène Jobert
Marlène Jobert
(2007) Jude Law
Jude Law
(2007) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(2008) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(2008) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2009) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2010) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2011) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2012) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(2013) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2014) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2015) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2016) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2017) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz

Links to related articles

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New York Knicks

Founded in 1946 Based in New York City, New York


Franchise All-time roster Draft history Head coaches Seasons Current season


Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
III 69th Regiment Armory Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden


Owner The Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
Company President Steve Mills General manager Scott Perry Head coach Jeff Hornacek


Dancing Harry Eddie Spike Lee Diedrich Knickerbocker Whatever Happened to Micheal Ray? Mike Walczewski George Kalinsky


Disputed foul against Scottie Pippen Knicks–Nuggets brawl John Starks' 2-for-18 in Game 7 of the 1994 Finals Linsanity


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Retired numbers

10 12 15 15 19 22 24 33 613

NBA G League affiliate

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NBA Championships (2)

1970 1973

Eastern Conference Championships (8)

1951 1952 1953 1970 1972 1973 1994 1999

Division titles (5)

1971 1989 1993 1994 2013


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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 100242985 LCCN: n86129800 ISNI: 0000 0001 2321 398X GND: 119078023 SELIBR: 254174 SUDOC: 03494723X BNF: cb12194397g (data) ULAN: 500294279 MusicBrainz: 48127a8d-e677-4196-900b-df0d1e3a9ab5 NDL: 00470275 ICCU: ITICCUVEAV00639 BNE: XX1306991 SN