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The Special
Special
Committee on Decolonization
Decolonization
(its full official title being the Special
Special
Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples; also known as the U.N. Special Committee of the 24 on Decolonization, the Committee of 24, or simply, the Decolonization
Decolonization
Committee) was created in 1961 by the General Assembly of the United Nations
United Nations
with the purpose of monitoring implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples and to make recommendations on its application.[1] The committee is also a successor to the former Committee on Information from Non-Self-Governing Territories, with which it was merged in 1963. The full official name of the Special Committee is " Special
Special
Committee on the Situation with Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples". Hoping to speed the progress of decolonization, the General Assembly had adopted in 1960 the Resolution 1514, also known as the "Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples" or simply "Declaration on Decolonization". It stated that all people have a right to self-determination and proclaimed that colonialism should be brought to a speedy and unconditional end.[2] Subsequently, in 1990, the General Assembly proclaimed 1990–2000 as the International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism
Colonialism
and adopted a concrete Plan of Action to further its principles and relevant International Law on that matter. In 2001, the United Nations proceeded to proclaim the Second International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism.[3] In 2011 - the International Year for People of African Descent[4] - the 2011-2020 Third International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism[5] was declared. In the time since the UN was established in 1945 around 750 million people – roughly one in three people – lived non-self-governing territories. This has since reduced to under 2 million people.[6] As of 2016, several of the territories on the list have rejected independence (or any other change of status) through referendums, such as Gibraltar
Gibraltar
in 2002[7] and the Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
in 2013.[8] Likewise in 2013 the elected Assembly of French Polynesia
Assembly of French Polynesia
objected to that territory's inclusion on the list.[9] There is also controversy surrounding the viability of several of the listed territories as independent nations, such as Pitcairn, which had a population estimated at just 57 in 2015.[10]

Contents

1 Listed non-self-governing territories 2 Membership 3 Recommendation on Puerto Rico 4 Officers and bureau members 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links

Listed non-self-governing territories[edit] As of February 2017[update], there are 17 territories listed on the United Nations
United Nations
list of non-self-governing territories:[11]

Territory

Capital Currency Language Administering state Continent Notes

  American Samoa
American Samoa
[note 1] Pago Pago United States
United States
dollar English  United States Oceania [12][note 2]

 Anguilla The Valley East Caribbean dollar English  United Kingdom Americas [13][14][note 3]

 Bermuda Hamilton Bermudian dollar English United Kingdom Americas [14][15]

 British Virgin Islands Road Town United States
United States
dollar [note 4] English United Kingdom Americas [14][16]

 Cayman Islands George Town [note 5] Cayman Islands
Cayman Islands
dollar English United Kingdom Americas [14][17]

 Falkland Islands Stanley Falkland Pound English United Kingdom Americas [14][18] [note 6]

  French Polynesia
French Polynesia
[note 7] Papeete CFP franc French  France Oceania [19][20]

 Gibraltar Gibraltar Gibraltar
Gibraltar
pound English United Kingdom Europe

 Guam Hagatña United States
United States
dollar English United States Oceania

 Montserrat Plymouth East Caribbean dollar English United Kingdom Americas

 New Caledonia Nouméa CFP franc French France Oceania

 Pitcairn [note 8] Adamstown New Zealand
New Zealand
dollar English United Kingdom Oceania [14][21]

 Saint Helena Jamestown Saint Helena
Saint Helena
pound English United Kingdom Africa [14][22]

 Tokelau Fakaofo New Zealand
New Zealand
dollar English  New Zealand Oceania

 Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town United States
United States
dollar English United Kingdom Americas

  United States
United States
Virgin Islands Charlotte Amalie United States
United States
dollar English United States Americas

  Western Sahara
Western Sahara
[note 9] El Aaiún Sahrawi peseta Arabic  Morocco/SADR Africa [note 10]

Membership[edit] The 17-member Special
Special
Committee was expanded to 24 members in 1962, and the size of its membership has varied since.[23] As of June 2017[update], the members are as follows:[24][25]

 Antigua and Barbuda  Ethiopia  Papua New Guinea  Tanzania

 Bolivia  Fiji  Russian Federation  Venezuela

 Chile  Grenada  Saint Kitts and Nevis

 China  India  Saint Lucia

 Congo  Indonesia  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

 Côte d'Ivoire  Iran  Sierra Leone

 Cuba  Iraq  Syria

 Dominica  Mali  East Timor

 Ecuador  Nicaragua  Tunisia

The Special
Special
Committee also has 14 observers.[26] Recommendation on Puerto Rico[edit] The Special
Special
Committee on Decolonization
Decolonization
refers to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
(an unincorporated territory of the United States) as a nation in its reports, because, internationally, the people of Puerto Rico are often considered to be a Caribbean nation with their own national identity.[27][28][29] Most recently, in a June 2016 report, the Special
Special
Committee called for the United States
United States
to expedite the process to allow self-determination in Puerto Rico. More specifically, the group called on the United States
United States
to expedite a process that would allow the people of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
to exercise fully their right to self-determination and independence. ... [and] allow the Puerto Rican people to take decisions in a sovereign manner and to address their urgent economic and social needs, including unemployment, marginalization, insolvency and poverty".[30] In one of the most recent referendums on the political status of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
held in 2012, only 5.49% of Puerto Ricans voted for independence, while 61.16% voted for statehood and 33.34% preferred free association. Another referendum was held in 2017 with over 97% voting in favor of statehood over independence, though historically low voter turn-out (23%) has called into question the validity of the poll. Much of the low turn-out has been attributed to a boycott led by the pro-status-quo PPD party.[31] Officers and bureau members[edit] The Chair of the Special
Special
Committee for 2016 is Rafael Darío Ramírez Carreño (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela) . The two Vice Chairs are Rodolfo Reyes Rodriguez (Cuba) and Vandi Chidi Minah (Sierra Leone). The Rapporteur is Bashar Ja'afari of Syria. The Bureau of the Committee comprises these officers.[32] See also[edit]

Special
Special
Political and Decolonization
Decolonization
Committee UN list of non-self-governing territories Dependent territories Sovereigntism (Puerto Rico) Proposed political status for Puerto Rico

Notes[edit]

^ Also known in the form conventional as Territory of American Samoa. ^ Dependency status: unincorporated and unorganized territory of the US; administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior. ^ Overseas territory of the United Kingdom. ^ The economy is closely tied to the larger and more populous US Virgin Islands to the west; the US dollar is the legal currency. ^ Also known as on Grand Cayman. ^ The Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
include the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands. ^ Also known as Overseas Lands of French Polynesia. ^ Also known as Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands. ^ Territory under de facto Moroccan control. Claimed by SADR. ^ The legal status the territory and the issue of sovereignty unresolved; territory contested by Morocco
Morocco
and Polisario Front (Popular Front for the Liberation of the Saguia el Hamra and Rio de Oro), which in February 1976 formally proclaimed a government-in-exile, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), based out of refugee camps near Tindouf, Algeria, led by President Mohamed Abdelaziz.

References[edit]

^ "the United Nations
United Nations
Special
Special
Committee on Decolonisation – Official Website". United Nations. Retrieved 2012-02-11.  ^ "History of U.N. Decolonisation Committee – Official U.N. Website". United Nations. Retrieved 2012-02-11.  ^ "Historical Documents of the U.N. Decolonisation Committee – Official U.N. Website and Document Archive". United Nations. Retrieved 2012-02-11.  ^ http://www.un.org/en/events/iypad2011/ ^ http://www.un.org/en/decolonization/thirdinternatldecade.shtml ^ "The United Nations
United Nations
and Decolonization
Decolonization
> History". United Nations. Retrieved 2012-02-11.  ^ Daly, Emma (2002-11-08). " Gibraltar
Gibraltar
Rejects Power-Sharing Between Britain and Spain". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-01-03.  ^ Defence correspondent, Caroline Wyatt; News, BBC. "Falklands referendum: Voters choose to remain UK territory". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-01-03.  ^ "Tahiti assembly votes against UN decolonisation bid", Radio New Zealand International, 17 May 2013 ^ "Pitcairn: Islands & Settlement - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2016-01-03.  ^ Report of the Secretary-General ^ American Samoa
American Samoa
at the CIA World Factbook
CIA World Factbook
Retrieved 13 July 2014. ^ Anguilla
Anguilla
at the CIA World Factbook
CIA World Factbook
Retrieved 13 July 2014. ^ a b c d e f g British Overseas Territories ^ Bermuda
Bermuda
at the CIA World Factbook
CIA World Factbook
Retrieved 13 July 2014. ^ British Virgin Islands
British Virgin Islands
at the CIA World Factbook
CIA World Factbook
Retrieved 13 July 2014. ^ Cayman Islands
Cayman Islands
at the CIA World Factbook
CIA World Factbook
Retrieved 13 July 2014. ^ Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
at the CIA World Factbook
CIA World Factbook
Retrieved 13 July 2014. ^ French Polynesia
French Polynesia
at the CIA World Factbook
CIA World Factbook
Retrieved 13 July 2014. ^ United Nations General Assembly
United Nations General Assembly
Session 68 Resolution 93. A/RES/68/93 Retrieved 13 July 2014. ^ Pitcairn at the CIA World Factbook
CIA World Factbook
Retrieved 13 July 2014. ^ Saint Helena
Saint Helena
at the CIA World Factbook
CIA World Factbook
Retrieved 13 July 2014. ^ "United Nations". Unhchr.ch. Retrieved 2012-02-11.  ^ "Members". United Nations. 20 June 2017. Retrieved 2018-02-09.  ^ "Committee of 24 2017 Session". United Nations. 20 June 2017. Retrieved 2018-02-09.  ^ [1] ^ United Nations. General Assembly. Special
Special
Committee on the Situation With Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (1971). Report of the Special
Special
Committee on the Situation with Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples. 23. United Nations
United Nations
Publications. pp. 10–11. ISBN 978-92-1-810211-9.  ^ XIV Ministerial Conference of the Movement of Non-Aligned Nations. Durban, South Africa, 2004. See pages 14–15. ^ United Nations. General Assembly. Special
Special
Committee on the Situation With Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (1971). Report of the Special
Special
Committee on the Situation with Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples. 23. United Nations
United Nations
Publications. pp. 10–11. ISBN 978-92-1-810211-9.  ^ " Special
Special
Committee on Decolonization
Decolonization
Approves Text Calling upon United States
United States
Government to Expedite Self-Determination Process for Puerto Rico". United Nations. UN. June 20, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2017.  ^ "PDP to boycott status referendum". 20 April 2017.  ^ https://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2014/gacol3259.doc.htm; http://www.un.org/Depts/dpi/decolonization/special_committee_bureau.htm

External links[edit]

United Nations
United Nations
official homepage Decolonization
Decolonization
Committee homepage United Nations

v t e

United Nations
United Nations
list of Non-Self-Governing Territories

France

French Polynesia New Caledonia

New Zealand

Tokelau

Spain
Spain
/ Morocco

Western Sahara

United Kingdom

Anguilla Bermuda British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Falkland Islands Gibraltar Montserrat Pitcairn Islands Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Turks and Caicos Islands

United States

American Samoa Guam United States
United States
Vi

.