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Southern Dobruja
Dobruja
(Bulgarian: Южна Добруджа, Yuzhna Dobrudzha or simply Добруджа, Dobrudzha) is an area of north-eastern Bulgaria
Bulgaria
comprising the administrative districts named for its two principal cities of Dobrich
Dobrich
and Silistra. It has an area of 7,565 km² and a population of 358,000. When it was a part of Romania
Romania
from 1913 to 1940 it was known in Romanian as Dobrogea de sud, the Cadrilater ("Quadrilateral"), or Dobrogea Nouă ("New Dobruja"). At the beginning of the modern era, Southern Dobruja
Dobruja
had a mixed population of Bulgarians
Bulgarians
and Turks with several smaller minorities, including Gagauz, Crimean Tatars and Romanians. In 1910, of the 282,007 inhabitants of Southern Dobruja, 134,355 (47.6%) were Bulgarians, 106,568 (37.8%) Turks, 12,192 (4.3%) Gypsies, 11,718 (4.1%) Tatars, and 6,484 (2.4%) Romanians.[citation needed] Southern Dobruja
Dobruja
was part of the autonomous Bulgarian principality from 1878 and part of the independent Bulgarian state from 1908 until Bulgaria's defeat in the Second Balkan War, when the region was ceded to Romania
Romania
under the Treaty of Bucharest (1913). In 1914, Romania
Romania
demanded all landowners prove their property and surrender to the Romanian state one third of the land they claimed or pay an equivalent of its value. This was similar to the agrarian reforms in Romania
Romania
which occurred the previous century, in which the landlords had to give up two-thirds of their land, which was then handed over to the peasants.[1] In Southern Dobruja, many of the peasants who received the land were settlers, including tens of thousands of Aromanians
Aromanians
from Macedonia and Northern Greece, as well as Romanians
Romanians
from Wallachia, which led to claims that the reforms had a nationalist purpose.[1] On 7 September 1940 Southern Dobruja
Dobruja
was restored to Bulgaria
Bulgaria
under the Treaty of Craiova. The treaty was followed by a mandatory population exchange: about 110,000 Romanians
Romanians
(almost 95% of which settled there after 1913) were forced to leave Southern Dobruja, whereas 77,000 Bulgarians
Bulgarians
had to leave northern Dobruja. Only a few hundred Romanians
Romanians
and Aromanians
Aromanians
are now left in the region.[2] In 1913–1940, during the Kingdom of Romania, the region covered two counties: Durostor and Caliacra. Nowadays, the territory of Southern Dobruja
Dobruja
forms the provinces of Silistra
Silistra
and Dobrich. See also[edit]

Northern Dobruja

References[edit]

^ a b Theodore I. Geshkoff. Balkan Union: A Road to Peace in Southeastern Europe, Columbia University Press, 1940, p. 57 ^ „Problema Cadrilaterului - diferendum teritorial şi repere imagologice (1913-1940)”, George Ungureanu

v t e

Historical regions in Romania

Banat
Banat
(1918–)a

Banatf

Dobruja
Dobruja
(1878–)

Northern Dobruja Southern Dobruja
Dobruja
(1913–16; 1919–40)

Moldavia
Moldavia
(1859–)b

Bessarabia
Bessarabia
(1918–40; 1941–44)c Bukovinad Hertza (1859–1940; 1941–44) Western Moldavia Bugeac

Transylvania
Transylvania
(1918–)ae

Crișanaf Maramureșg Transylvaniah

Wallachia
Wallachia
(1859–)b

Muntenia Oltenia

aDe jure since 1920 bDe jure since 1862 cCahul, Bolgrad and Ismail in Romania
Romania
(1859–78) dSouthern Bukovina
Bukovina
in Romania
Romania
(1918–); Northern Bukovina
Bukovina
in Romania (1918–40; 1941–44) eNorthern Transylvania
Transylvania
in Hungary (1940–44) fOnly the eastern part gOnly the southern part hT

.