A constitutional referendum was held in
Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the Northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Oce ...
on 20 June 1961 to vote on the new constitution for the country created the previous year by the union of
British Somaliland British Somaliland, officially the British Somaliland Protectorate ( so, Dhulka Maxmiyada Soomaalida ee Biritishka), was a British protectorate A protectorate is a state that is controlled and protected by another sovereign state. It is a de ...
Italian Somaliland Italian Somaliland ( it, Somalia italiana, ar, الصومال الإيطالي ''Al-Sumal Al-Italiy'', so, Dhulka Talyaaniga ee Soomaalida), was a colony of the Kingdom of Italy The Kingdom of Italy ( it, Regno d'Italia) was a state which e ...

Italian Somaliland
. It was approved by 90.56% of voters. In the territory of former British Somaliland, the Somali National League (SNL) party encouraged a boycott of the referendum, and 60% of the approximately 100,000 votes from the area opposed the constitution. However the south of the country had 1,952,660 voters, effectively giving the south the power of veto, and obfuscated the fact there was no popular mandate for a union.

Electoral Fraud

More votes were cast in Wanlaweyn, a small town in southern Somalia, than in the entirety of Somaliland. This created a climate of distrust and a new term for southerners – Wanla Weyn.Diriye Abdullahi, M. (2001)
Culture And Customs Of Somalia
', Greenwood Publishing Group, p.27



{{Somali elections 1961 in Somalia 1961 referendums, Somalia Referendums in Somalia Constitutional referendums June 1961 events in Africa