1 Definition 2 Prominent theories 3 Current social changes
3.1 Global demographic shifts 3.2 Gendered patterns of work and care
4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links
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Change comes from two sources. One source is random or unique factors such as climate, weather, or the presence of specific groups of people. Another source is systematic factors. For example, successful development has the same general requirements, such as a stable and flexible government, enough free and available resources, and a diverse social organization of society. On the whole, social change is usually a combination of systematic factors along with some random or unique factors. There are many theories of social change. Generally, a theory of change should include elements such as structural aspects of change (like population shifts), processes and mechanisms of social change, and directions of change.
Hegelian: The classic
Current social changes Global demographic shifts Main article: Demographics of the world One of the most obvious changes currently occurring is the change in the relative global population distribution between countries. In the recent decades, developing countries became a larger proportion of world population, increasing from 68% in 1950 to 82% in 2010, while population of the developed countries has declined from 32% of total world population in 1950 to 18% in 2010. China and India continue to be the largest countries, followed by the US as a distant third. However, population growth throughout the world is slowing. Population growth among developed countries has been slowing since the 1950s, and is now at 0.3% annual growth. Population growth among the less developed countries excluding the least developed has also been slowing, since 1960, and is now at 1.3% annual growth. Population growth among the least developed countries has slowed relatively little, and is the highest at 2.7% annual growth. Gendered patterns of work and care In much of the developed world, changes from distinct men's work and women's work to more gender equal patterns have been economically important since the mid-20th century. Both men and women are considered to be great contributors to social change worldwide. See also
Accelerating change Comparative historical research Constitutional economics Degeneration Globalization Global social change research project Historical sociology Idea of Progress Industrialisation Lifestyle (sociology) Modernisation Revolution Reformism Secularisation Social conservatism Social decline Social development theory Social disintegration Social movements Social progress Social relations Social revolution Societal collapse Sociocultural evolution Transformation of culture
^ Gene Shackman, Ya-Lin Liu and George (Xun) Wang. "Why does a society develop the way it does?." 2002. ^ Haferkamp, Hans, and Neil J. Smelser, editors. "Social Change and Modernity." Berkeley: University of California Press, c1992 1991. ^ Shackman, Gene, Xun Wang and Ya-Lin Liu. 2011. "Brief review of world population trends - Population.". Retrieved May 2013. ^ Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura), 118 ^ Bjørnholt, M. (2014). "Changing men, changing times; fathers and sons from an experimental gender equality study" (PDF). The Sociological Review. 62 (2): 295–315. doi:10.1111/1467-954X.12156.
Understanding The World Today – Reports about global social, political, economic, demographic and technological change. Social Change Collection from Georgi