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Mount Smolikas
Smolikas
(Greek: Σμόλικας, Aromanian: Smolcu) is a mountain in the Ioannina
Ioannina
regional unit, northwestern Greece. At a height of 2,637 metres above sea level, it is the highest of the Pindus
Pindus
Mountains, and the second highest mountain in Greece
Greece
after Mount Olympus. The mountain consists of ophiolite rocks. During several periods in the Pleistocene
Pleistocene
the northern and eastern cirques and valleys were glaciated. The last glaciers of this area retreated around 11,500 years ago.[2] It is drained by the river Aoos
Aoos
to the south, and the river Vourkopotamo (a tributary of the Sarantaporos) to the north. There is a small alpine lake called " Drakolimni
Drakolimni
Smolika" near the summit, at about 2200 m elevation. Nearby mountain ranges are Tymfi
Tymfi
to the south, Gramos
Gramos
to the northwest, Vasilitsa
Vasilitsa
to the southeast and Voio
Voio
to the northeast.

A water powered saw mill at Armata.

The higher elevations, above 2000 m, consist of grasslands and rocks, and there are deciduous and conifer forests at lower elevations. The mountain lies completely within the municipality of Konitsa, the main villages around the mountain being Agia Paraskevi to the north, and Palaioselli, Pades and Armata to the south. The town Konitsa
Konitsa
lies 15 km southwest of Smolikas. The Greek National Road 20
Greek National Road 20
( Kozani
Kozani
- Siatista
Siatista
- Konitsa
Konitsa
- Ioannina) passes west of the mountain.

References[edit]

^ a b c "Europe Ultra-Prominences" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2012-02-19. ^ Hughes, P.D., Woodward, J.C., Gibbard, P.L. (2006) The last glaciers of Greece. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, vol. 50, p. 37-61.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Smolikas.

Greek Mountain Flora "Smólikas Óros, Greece" on Peakbagger

v t e

Ultra-prominent peaks of Europe

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— On islands: Beerenberg Hvannadalshnúkur Newtontoppen Novaya Zemlya HP

Western Europe

Spain: Mulhacén Aneto Torre de Cerredo Almanzor — Massif Central: Puy de Sancy

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Grigna
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