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A smart TV, sometimes referred to as connected TV or hybrid TV, is a television set with integrated Internet
Internet
and interactive "Web 2.0" features. Smart TV
Smart TV
is a technological convergence between computers and flatscreen television sets and set-top boxes. Besides the traditional functions of television sets and set-top boxes provided through traditional broadcasting media, these devices can also provide Internet
Internet
TV, online interactive media, over-the-top content (OTT), as well as on-demand streaming media, and home networking access.[1][2][3] Smart TV
Smart TV
should not be confused with Internet
Internet
TV, IPTV
IPTV
or Web television. Internet
Internet
TV refers to receiving television content over the Internet
Internet
instead of traditional systems (terrestrial, cable and satellite) (although Internet
Internet
itself is received by these methods). IPTV
IPTV
is one of the Internet
Internet
television technology standards for use by television broadcasters. Web television is a term used for programs created by a wide variety of companies and individuals for broadcast on Internet
Internet
TV. In smart TVs, the operating system is preloaded or is available through the set-top box. The software applications or "apps" can be preloaded into the device, or updated or installed on demand via an app store or marketplace, in a similar manner to how the apps are integrated in modern smartphones.[4][5][6][7][8] The technology that enables smart TVs is also incorporated in external devices such as set-top boxes and some Blu-ray
Blu-ray
players, game consoles, digital media players, hotel television systems, smartphones, and other network-connected interactive devices that utilize television-type display outputs.[9][10] These devices allow viewers to find and play videos, movies, TV shows, photos and other content from the Web, cable or satellite TV channel, or from a local storage device.

Contents

1 Background 2 Definition 3 Functions 4 Features 5 Technology

5.1 Platforms 5.2 Social networking 5.3 Advertising

6 Security and privacy 7 Reliability 8 Restriction of access 9 Market share 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Background[edit] In the early 1980s, "intelligent" television receivers were introduced in Japan. The addition of an LSI chip with memory and a character generator to a television receiver enabled Japanese viewers to receive a mix of programming and information transmitted over spare lines of the broadcast television signal.[11] A patent was published in 1994[12] (and extended the following year)[13] for an "intelligent" television system, linked with data processing systems, by means of a digital or analog network. Apart from being linked to data networks, one key point is its ability to automatically download necessary software routines, according to a user's demand, and process their needs. The mass acceptance of digital television in late 2000s and early 2010s greatly improved smart TVs. Major TV manufacturers have announced production of smart TVs only, for their middle-end to high-end TVs in 2015.[14][15][16] Smart TVs are expected to become the dominant form of television by the late 2010s. At the beginning of 2016, Nielsen reported that 29 percent of those with incomes over $75,000 a year had a smart TV.[17] Definition[edit]

Smart TVs on display

A smart TV device is either a television set with integrated Internet capabilities or a set-top box for television that offers more advanced computing ability and connectivity than a contemporary basic television set. Smart TVs may be thought of as an information appliance or the computer system from a handheld computer integrated within a television set unit, as such a smart TV often allows the user to install and run more advanced applications or plugins/addons based on a specific platform. Smart TVs run a complete operating system or mobile operating system software providing a platform for application developers.[1][18][19] Smart TV
Smart TV
platforms or middleware have a public Software development kit (SDK) and/or Native development kit
Native development kit
(NDK) for apps so that third-party developers can develop applications for it, and an app store so that the end-users can install and uninstall apps themselves. The public SDK enables third-party companies and other interactive application developers to “write” applications once and see them run successfully on any device that supports the smart TV platform or middleware architecture which it was written for, no matter who the hardware manufacturer is. Smart TVs deliver content (such as photos, movies and music) from other computers or network attached storage devices on a network using either a Digital Living Network Alliance
Digital Living Network Alliance
/ Universal Plug and Play media server or similar service program like Windows Media Player
Windows Media Player
or Network-attached storage
Network-attached storage
(NAS), or via iTunes. It also provides access to Internet-based services including traditional broadcast TV channels, catch-up services, video-on-demand (VOD), electronic program guide, interactive advertising, personalisation, voting, games, social networking, and other multimedia applications.[20] Smart TV
Smart TV
enables access to movies, shows, video games, apps and more. Some of those apps include Netflix, Spotify, YouTube, and Amazon.[21] Functions[edit] Smart TV
Smart TV
devices also provide access to user-generated content (either stored on an external hard drive or in cloud storage) and to interactive services and Internet
Internet
applications, such as YouTube, many using HTTP Live Streaming (also known as HLS) adaptive streaming.[22] Smart TV
Smart TV
devices facilitate the curation of traditional content by combining information from the Internet
Internet
with content from TV providers. Services offer users a means to track and receive reminders about shows[23] or sporting events,[24] as well as the ability to change channels for immediate viewing. Some devices feature additional interactive organic user interface / natural user interface technologies for navigation controls and other human interaction with a Smart TV, with such as second screen companion devices,[25][26] spatial gestures input like with Xbox Kinect,[27][28] and even for speech recognition for natural language user interface.[29] Features[edit]

LG Smart TV
Smart TV
using the web browser.

Smart TV
Smart TV
develops new features to satisfy consumers and companies, such as new payment processes. LG and PaymentWall have collaborated to allow consumers to access purchased apps, movies, games, and more using a remote control, laptop, tablet, or smartphone. This is intended for an easier and more convenient way for checkout. Technology[edit] Platforms[edit] See also: List of smart TV platforms and middleware software Smart TV
Smart TV
technology and software is still evolving, with both proprietary and open source software frameworks already available. These can run applications (sometimes available via an 'app store' digital distribution platform), interactive on-demand media, personalized communications, and have social networking features.[30][31][32][33] There are many Smart TV
Smart TV
platforms used for individual purposes. Smart TV owners desire the most successful platform possible for their Smart TV. For this reason, platforms are ranked from best to worst. HbbTV, provided by the Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV
Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV
association, CE-HTML, part of Web4CE, OIPF, part of HbbTV, and Tru2way are framework platforms managed by technology businesses. Android TV, Boxee, Firefox OS, Frog, Google
Google
TV, Horizon TV, httvLink, Inview, Kodi Entertainment Center, MeeGo, Mediaroom, OpenTV, Opera TV, Plex, Roku, RDK, which is Reference Development Kit, Smart TV Alliance, ToFu Media Platform, Ubuntu TV, and Yahoo! Smart TV are framework platforms managed by individual companies. Current Smart TV
Smart TV
platforms used by vendors are Amazon, Apple, Google, Haier, Hisense, Hitachi, Insigna, LG, Microsoft, Netgear, Panasonic, Philips, Samsung, Sharp, Sony, TCL, TiVO, Toshiba, Sling Media, and Western Digital. Sony, Panasonic, Samsung, LG, and Roku
Roku
TV are some platforms ranked under the best Smart TV
Smart TV
platforms.[34] Social networking[edit] See also: Social media and television Some smart TV platforms come prepackaged, or can be optionally extended, with social networking technology capabilities. The addition of social networking synchronization to smart TV and HTPC platforms may provide an interaction with both on-screen content and other viewers than is currently available to most televisions, while simultaneously providing a much more cinematic experience of the content than is currently available with most computers.[35] Advertising[edit] Some smart TV platforms also support interactive advertising, addressable advertising with local advertising insertion and targeted advertising,[36] and other advanced advertising features such as ad telescoping[37] using VOD and DVR, enhanced TV for consumer call-to-action and audience measurement solutions for ad campaign effectiveness.[38][39] The marketing and trading possibilities offered by Smart TVs are sometimes summarized by the term t-commerce. Taken together, this bidirectional data flow means that smart TVs can be and are used for clandestine observation of the owners.[40] Even in sets that are not configured off-the-shelf to do so, default security measures are often weak and will allow hackers to easily break into the TV.[41] Security and privacy[edit] There is evidence that a smart TV is vulnerable to attacks. Some serious security bugs have been discovered, and some successful attempts to run malicious code to get unauthorized access were documented on video. There is evidence that it is possible to gain root access to the device, install malicious software, access and modify configuration information for a remote control, remotely access and modify files on TV and attached USB drives, access camera and microphone.[42] There have also been concerns that hackers may be able to remotely turn on the microphone on a smart TV and be able to eavesdrop on private conversations. Anticipating growing demand for an antivirus for a smart TV, some security software companies are already working with partners in digital TV field on the solution. At this writing it seems like there is only one antivirus for smart TVs available: 'Neptune', a cloud-based antimalware system developed by Ocean Blue Software in partnership with Sophos. However, antivirus company Avira
Avira
has joined forces with digital TV testing company Labwise to work on software to protect against potential attacks.[43] The privacy policy for Samsung's Smart TVs has been called Orwellian
Orwellian
(a reference to George Orwell and the dystopian world of constant surveillance he depicted in 1984), and compared to Telescreens because of eavesdropping concerns.[44][45] Hackers have misused Smart TV's abilities such as operating source codes for applications and its unsecured connection to the Internet. Passwords, IP address data, and credit card information can be accessed by hackers and even companies for advertisement. A company caught in the act is Vizio.[citation needed] The confidential documents, codenamed Vault 7
Vault 7
and dated from 2013–2016, include details on CIA's software capabilities, such as the ability to compromise smart TVs.[46] Reliability[edit] High-end Samsung
Samsung
Smart TVs stopped working for at least seven days after a software update.[47] Application providers are rarely upgrading Smart TV
Smart TV
apps to the latest version; for example, Netflix does not support older TV versions with new Netflix
Netflix
upgrades.[48] Restriction of access[edit] Internet
Internet
websites can block smart TV access to content at will, or tailor the content that will be received by each platform.[49] Google TV-enabled devices were blocked by NBC, ABC, CBS, and Hulu
Hulu
from accessing their Web content since the launch of Google TV
Google TV
in October 2010. Google TV
Google TV
devices were also blocked from accessing any programs offered by Viacom’s subsidiaries.[50] Market share[edit] According to a report from research group NPD In-Stat, in 2012 only about 12 million U.S. households had their Web-capable TVs connected to the Internet, although an estimated 25 million households owned a set with the built-in network capability. In-Stat predicted that by 2016, 100 million homes in North America and western Europe would be using television sets blending traditional programming with internet content.[51] The number of households using over-the-top television services has rapidly increased over the years. In 2015, 52% of U.S. households subscribed to Netflix, Amazon Prime, or Hulu
Hulu
Plus; 43% of pay-TV subscribers also used Netflix, and 43% of adults used some streaming video on demand service at least monthly. Additionally, 19% of Netflix subscribers shared their subscription with people outside of their households. Ten percent of adults at the time showed interest in HBO Now.[52] See also[edit]

Automatic content recognition 10-foot user interface Digital Living Network Alliance
Digital Living Network Alliance
- DLNA Digital media player Enhanced TV Home theater PC Hotel television systems Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV Interactive television List of mobile software distribution platforms List of smart TV platforms and middleware software Over-the-top content PC-on-a-stick Second screen Smartphone Space shifting Telescreen Tivoization TV Genius Video on demand

References[edit]

^ a b Steve Kovach (December 8, 2010). "What Is A Smart TV?". Businessinsider.com. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ Jeremy Toeman 41 (October 20, 2010). "Why Connected TVs Will Be About the Content, Not the Apps". Mashable.com. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ " Internet
Internet
TV and The Death of Cable TV, really". Techcrunch.com. October 24, 2010. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ " Smart TV
Smart TV
competition heats up market". Asianewsnet.net. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ " Smart TV
Smart TV
Shower Opens Smart Life". Koreaittimes.com. October 7, 2010. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ Chacksfield, Marc (May 12, 2010). "Intel: Smart TV
Smart TV
revolution 'biggest since move to colour' – The wonders of widgets?". Techradar.com. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ "Google, With Intel and Sony, Unveils Software for 'Smart' TVs". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. May 20, 2010. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ Katzmaier, David (September 8, 2010). "Poll: Smart TV
Smart TV
or dumb monitor?". News.cnet.com. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ Intel and Smart TV. intel.com. Retrieved on November 11, 2010. ^ " Roku
Roku
2: Same Old (But Still Good), Same Old". Gizmodo.com. August 4, 2011. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ Gene Gregory (1985), Japanese Electronics Technology, Enterprise and Innovation, page 351, Japan Times ^ "espacenet – Original document". Worldwide.espacenet.com. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ "espacenet – Bibliographic data". Worldwide.espacenet.com. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ Dieter Bohn. "All of Sony's new smart TVs run on Android TV". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved June 17, 2015.  ^ "CES 2015: New Samsung
Samsung
Smart TVs Will Be Powered by Tizen OS". Tech Times. Retrieved June 17, 2015.  ^ "LG to show off webOS 2.0 smart TV at CES 2015". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved June 17, 2015.  ^ Winslow, George (January 4, 2016). "CES 2016: Five Things to Watch". Broadcasting
Broadcasting
& Cable: 10–14.  ^ Previous post Next post (September 7, 2010). "Android Holds the Key to Samsung's Smart TV
Smart TV
Plans". Wired. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ Previous post Next post (May 20, 2010). " Google
Google
Introduces Google TV, New Android OS". Wired. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ "A first look at Google
Google
TV's new apps". Gigaom.com. September 15, 2011. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ " Samsung
Samsung
Smart TV
Smart TV
- TV Has Never Been This Smart". Samsung Electronics America. Retrieved September 30, 2016.  ^ " Netgear
Netgear
unveils NeoTV Streaming Player, takes another shot at the smart TV market". Engadget.com. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ "BuddyTV debuts Google TV
Google TV
app, with iPad and iPhone link". GeekWire. October 28, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2012.  ^ "Thuuz Android App for Google TV
Google TV
Gives DISH Customers Instant Alerts of Most Exciting Moments in Sports". Bloomberg. January 8, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2012.  ^ https://techcrunch.com/2012/06/04/microsoft-introduces-second-screen-feature-xbox-smartglass/ Microsoft
Microsoft
Introduces Second-Screen Feature, Xbox SmartGlass ^ http://mashable.com/2012/06/04/xbox-smartglass/ Xbox SmartGlass Brings the Second Screen to Games and Videos ^ Robinson, Blake (November 4, 2010). "Last.fm Gesture Controls for Xbox Kinect". Mashable.com. Retrieved October 19, 2011.  ^ Narcisse, Evan (December 8, 2011). "Wave Hello: Microsoft's Requiring Kinect Functionality for All Future Apps Built for Xbox 360". Kotaku.com. Retrieved March 12, 2012.  ^ http://appleinsider.com/articles/13/01/10/2013-smart-tvs-dismissed-as-not-that-smart-leaving-opportunity-for-apple 2013 smart TVs dismissed as 'not that smart,' leaving opportunity for Apple ^ Devindra Hardawar (December 8, 2010). "Why your TV is the new app battleground". Venturebeat.com. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ BBC News – Google
Google
launches smart TV service. bbc.co.uk (May 20, 2010). Retrieved on November 11, 2010. ^ Stan Schroeder 230 (May 17, 2010). "Google, Intel and Sony
Sony
to Introduce Smart TV". Mashable.com. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ "Opinion: Will Google's Smart TV
Smart TV
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Smart TV
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Internet
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OpenTV
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Smart TV
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Smart TV
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Internet
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Samsung
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Samsung
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Netflix
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Netflix
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Google
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External links[edit]

Samsung
Samsung
smart Tvs in Saudi Arabia KSA Samsung
Samsung
smart Tvs in Dubai, UAE & Gulf

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Smart TV.

v t e

Home theater PC
Home theater PC
software, devices, and related articles

Windows

Beyond TV DVBViewer DVB Dream NextPVR (formerly GB-PVR) JRiver Media Center MediaPortal ShowShifter Windows Media Center

macOS

Front Row

Linux

GeeXboX LibreELEC LinuxMCE MythTV Mythbuntu OpenELEC TVHeadend Video Disk Recorder

Cross-platform

Emby Kodi (formerly XBMC) Plex SageTV Serviio

Set-top boxes, digital media receivers

Amazon Fire TV Android TV Apple TV Boxee
Boxee
Box Chromecast Dreambox Ericsson Mediaroom Google
Google
TV Hauppauge MediaMVP HP MediaSmart Connect Netgear
Netgear
Digital Entertainer ReplayTV Roku TiVo Unibox WD TV Windows Media Center
Windows Media Center
Extender

Related hardware

ATI Theater Cards DBox2 Dreambox Elgato
Elgato
EyeTV devices Hauppauge Computer Works
Hauppauge Computer Works
WinTV PVR Cards HDHomeRun Mac Mini Monsoon HAVA Quiet PC Slingbox Touchscreen remote control VBox Home TV Gateway

Related articles

10-foot user interface Comparison of audio player software Comparison of video player software Comparison of streaming media systems Digital Living Network Alliance Digital media receiver Home cinema Home theater PC Hybrid IPTV Internet
Internet
television Media server Set-top box Smart TV Video player

v t e

Ambient intelligence

Concepts

Context awareness Internet
Internet
of Things Object hyperlinking Profiling Spime Supranet Ubiquitous computing Web of Things Wireless sensor networks

Technologies

6LoWPAN ANT+ DASH7 IEEE 802.15.4 Internet
Internet
0 Machine to machine Radio-frequency identification Smartdust Tera-play XBee

Platforms

Arduino Contiki Electric Imp Gadgeteer ioBridge Netduino Raspberry Pi TinyOS Wiring Xively NodeMCU

Applications

Ambient device CeNSE Connected car Home automation HomeOS Internet
Internet
refrigerator Nabaztag Smart city Smart TV Smarter Planet

Pioneers

Kevin Ashton Gaetano Borriello Adam Dunkels Stefano Marzano Don Norman Roel Pieper Josef Preishuber-Pflügl John Seely Brown Bruce Sterling Mark Weiser

Other

Ambient Devices AmbieSense Ebbits project IPSO Alliance

v t e

Computer sizes

Classes of computers

Microcomputer, personal computer

Stationary

Workstation Desktop Home Personal supercomputer SFF

Nettop

Plug Portable

Tabletop

Game arcade cabinet

System board

Home console Microconsole Interactive kiosk Smart TV Smart speaker

Mobile

Laptop

Desktop replacement 2-in-1 Subnotebook

Netbook Smartbook Ultrabook

Ultra-mobile PC

Tablet

Ultra-mobile PC 2-in-1 Mobile Internet
Internet
device Tabletop Phablet

Information appliance

Handheld PC

Palm-size PC Pocket PC Pocket computer Palmtop PC

PDA

Electronic organizer EDA

Mobile phone

Feature phone Smartphone

Phablet

PMP

DAP

E-reader Handheld game console Portable/Mobile data terminal

Calculator

Scientific Programmable Graphing

Wearable

Digital wristwatch

Calculator
Calculator
watch Smartwatch

Smartglasses Smart ring

Midrange

Server Minicomputer Supermini

Large

Super Mainframe Minisuper

Others

Microcontroller Nanocomputer Pizza box form factor Single-board computer Smartdust Wireless sensor network

Authority control

.