Sir Paul Chambers
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Sir Stanley Paul Chambers, (2 April 1904 – 23 December 1981) was a British
civil servant The civil service is a collective term for a sector of government composed mainly of career civil servants hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected, whose institutional tenure typically survives transitions of political leaders ...
and
industrialist A business magnate, also known as a tycoon, is a person who has achieved immense wealth through the ownership of multiple lines of enterprise. The term characteristically refers to a powerful entrepreneur or investor who controls, through perso ...
and Chairman of ICI. He was born in London and educated at the
City of London School , established = , closed = , type = Public school Boys' independent Independent or Independents may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Artist groups * Independents (artist group), a group of modernist painters based in the New Ho ...
before going up to study economics at the
London School of Economics The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) is a public university, public research university located in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London. Founded in 1895 by Fabian Society members Sidn ...
. After graduating, he entered the
Inland Revenue The Inland Revenue was, until April 2005, a Departments of the United Kingdom Government, department of the British Government responsible for the collection of direct taxation, including income tax, national insurance, national insurance co ...
and in 1934 was appointed Income Tax Advisor to the Government of India. He returned to the UK in 1940 to be Director of Statistics and Intelligence in the
Inland Revenue The Inland Revenue was, until April 2005, a Departments of the United Kingdom Government, department of the British Government responsible for the collection of direct taxation, including income tax, national insurance, national insurance co ...
. He was then appointed Secretary and a Commissioner of the Board. One of his major tasks during the war was to devise the new
PAYE A pay-as-you-earn tax (PAYE), or pay-as-you-go (PAYG) in Australia, is a withholding tax, withholding of taxes on income payments to employees. Amounts withheld are treated as advance payments of income tax due. They are refundable to the extent th ...
(Pay as You Earn) employee taxation system in use in the UK today. After the war he served on the Control Commission for Germany for two and a half years. In 1948, he succeeded Sir William Coates as Financial Director of
Imperial Chemical Industries Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) was a British Chemical industry, chemical company. It was, for much of its history, the largest manufacturer in Britain. It was formed by the merger of four leading British chemical companies in 1926. Its head ...
(now ICI), one of Britain's largest companies. He became Deputy Chairman in 1952 and was Chairman from 1960 to 1968, the first non-scientist to hold the post. He moved from there to be Chairman of Royal Insurance. He was
President of the Royal Statistical Society The president of the Royal Statistical Society is the head of the Royal Statistical Society (RSS), elected biennially by the Fellows of the Society. (The time-period between elections has varied in the past, and in fact elections only rarely occur ...
from 1964 to 1965. The society's Chambers Medal, awarded every three years, is named after him. He was Pro-Chancellor of the
University of Kent , motto_lang = , mottoeng = Literal translation: 'Whom to serve is to reign'(Book of Common Prayer The ''Book of Common Prayer'' (BCP) is the name given to a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion and by other ...
from 1971 to 1977. He married twice and had two children and a stepchild..


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Chambers, Paul 1904 births 1981 deaths Companions of the Order of the Bath Companions of the Order of the Indian Empire Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire Presidents of the Royal Statistical Society People educated at the City of London School Alumni of the London School of Economics Imperial Chemical Industries executives Civil servants in the Board of Inland Revenue