Sindhi cuisine (Sindhi: سنڌي کاڌا) refers to the native cuisine of the Sindhi people from Sindh, Pakistan. The daily food in most Sindhi households consists of wheat-based flat-bread (phulka) and rice accompanied by two dishes, one gravy and one dry. Today, Sindhi food is eaten in many countries including India, where a sizeable number of Hindu Sindhis migrated following the Pakistan Movement">independence in 1947.
The arrival of Islam within South Asia influenced the local cuisine to a great degree. Since Muslims are forbidden to eat pork or consume alcohol and the Halal dietary guidelines are strictly observed, Muslim Sindhis focus on ingredients such as beef, lamb, chicken, fish, vegetables and traditional fruit and dairy. Hindu Sindhi cuisine is almost identical with the difference that beef is omitted. The influence of Central Asian, South Asian and Middle Eastern cuisine in Sindhi food is ubiquitous.
Certain dishes are served on special occasions such as Diwali a Bahji (vegetable dish) called Chiti-Kuni is made with seven vegetables. Special dishes are also served on recovery from serious illness for example when someone makes a full recovery from Chicken Pox, it is common to make an offering and make "mitho lolo", a sweet griddle-roasted flatbread: the dough is wheat flour mixed with oil (or ghee) and sugar syrup flavored with ground cardamom.
Beh (simply means 'Lotus root' in English). A high quality lotus root is grown in the North of Sindh which is then cooked in clay-pot using various spices, which then results in an excellent delicacy that is famous all over Pakistan. Sindhi Briyani, Sindhi Curry, Sabu Dal Chawar (yellow daal with rice).
There are occasional differences in Sindhi dialects for instance Hyderabadi Sindhi will refer to an egg as 'bedo' however Sindhis from other parts will refer to it as 'ando'.
|Sokha Dhan-ia||Sukka Dhaanna (سڪاڌاڻا)||Coriander Seed|
|Hara Dhan-ia||Sawa Dhaanna||Coriander Leaves|
|taez paat||Kamaal Pat||Bay leaf|
|Kadhi pata||Curry Leaves|
|Amchoor||Amba-choor||dry mango powder|
|elaichi||Photo (ڦوٽا)||Cardamon Pods|
|Badi elaichi||Wado photo||Black Cardamon|
|kali mirch||Kaari Mirch||Black Pepper|
|Garam Masala||garam masalo||.|
|Methi dana||Hurbo||Fenugreek seeds|
|Lal mirch||Gharo mirch||Red Chilli|
Fruit, Vegetable and Pulses
- Aalu Patata (some parts of northern sindh also calls batala) Potato
|Baigan||Vaangan واڱڻ||Aubergine (UK) or Eggplant (US).|
|Band Gobi||Band/Pata Gobi||Cabbage|
|Sag||Sagg||Mustard Greens (Vegetable)|
|Khajoor||Qatal or Khark(کارڪ يا ڪتل)||Dates|
|Mongphali||Behi-munga or Munghera(مڱيرا) Kha-ja||Peanuts|
|Chapati||Maani/Phulko/Daggri (ڦلڪو)||Thin wrap|
|Cheeni or Shakkar||Khand(کنڊ), Khandra||Sugar|
|Bheja or Maghaz||Maghz(مغز)||Brain|
|Aata||Atto(اٽو)||Wholewheat flour (Chappati flour)|
|Anda||Bedo (Hyderbadi Sindhi) or Ando(آنو)||Egg|
|Paplate||Paplet پاپليٽ||Pomfret fish|
|Chhota Gosht||Nandho Gosht||Mutton|
|Barra Gosht||Wado Gosht||Beef|
|Palla machhli||Pallo(پلو)||shad/Hilsa (fish)|
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Certain sects of the Sindhi community are vegetarians. The Thathai, Halai and Kutchi Bhatias are followers of Vallabh Acharya. He put forward a way to worship Sri Krishna called Pushtimarg. They are strict vegetarians who do not eat even onions and garlic and are devoted to Srinathji, the child form of Sri Krishna.
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