The Siege of Santuario de Nuestra Señora de la Cabeza took place from 14 September 1936 to 1 May 1937 in Andújar, Jaén, during the Spanish Civil War. The Republican army surrounded around 1,200 rebel civil guards and falangists who supported the Nationalists and forced them to surrender after a protracted offensive.
1 Background. 2 The siege 3 Aftermath 4 Footnotes 5 References 6 External links
After the failed coup of July 1936 in Andalusia, many groups of rebel
civil guards retreated from their garrisons to hilltops, monasteries
and others easily defensible points, living by robbing from the
neighborhood. The longest surviving group of rebels was the encampment
of the Nuestra Señora de la Cabeza's Sanctuary.
In August 1936, 250 civil guards from Jaén, most of their families,
100 falangists and about 1,000 members of the bourgeoisie of Andújar
(Beevor: around 1,200 civil guards and falangists), retreated to
the Nuestra Señora de la Cabeza's shrine, near Andújar. During the
first months of the war, there had been no attack launched against
this enclave, because the Republican committee of
^ Beevor, Antony. The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.124 ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. pp.611-612 ^ Beevor, Antony. The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.124
Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War,
1936-1939. Penguin Books. London.
Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London.
Antonio Marín Muñoz. (2004). I besiege to the Sanctuary of the
Virgin of the Head, of
Website dedicated to the siege
Coordinates: 38°18′33″N 4°03′50″W / 38.30917°N 4.06389°W /