HOME
The Info List - Shravanabelagola





Shravanabelagola
Shravanabelagola
(Śravaṇa Beḷagoḷa) is a town located near Channarayapatna
Channarayapatna
of Hassan district
Hassan district
in the Indian state of Karnataka and is 144 km from Bangalore, the capital of the state. The Gommateshwara Bahubali
Bahubali
statue at Shravanabelagola
Shravanabelagola
is one of the most important tirthas (pilgrimage destinations) in Jainism, one that reached a peak in architectural and sculptural activity under the patronage of Western Ganga dynasty
Western Ganga dynasty
of Talakad. Chandragupta Maurya
Chandragupta Maurya
is said to have died here in 298 BCE after he became a Jain monk and assumed an ascetic life style.[1]

Contents

1 Location 2 Etymology 3 History 4 Inscriptions 5 Basadi 6 Mahamastakabhisheka 7 Jain Temples near Shravanbelagola 8 Other notable things 9 Notable people 10 Photo gallery 11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 External links

Location[edit] Shravanabelagola
Shravanabelagola
is located at 11 km to the south-east of Channarayapatna
Channarayapatna
in the Channarayapatna
Channarayapatna
taluk of Hassan district
Hassan district
of Karnataka. It is at a distance of 51 km south-east of Hassan, Karnataka, the district centre. It is situated at a distance of 12 km to the south from the Bangalore- Mangalore
Mangalore
road (NH-75), 18 km from Hirisave, 78 km from Halebidu, 89 km from Belur, 83 km from Mysuru, 144 km from Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka
Karnataka
and 222 km from Mangalore. The sacred places are spread over two hills, Chandragiri and Vindyagiri, also among the village at the foothill. Etymology[edit] Shravanabelagola
Shravanabelagola
"White Pond of the Shravana" is named with reference to the colossal image of Gommaṭa - the prefix Śravaṇa serves to distinguish it from other Belagolas with the prefixes Hale- and Kodi-, while Beḷagoḷa "white pond" is an allusion to the pond in the middle of the town. The Sanskrit
Sanskrit
equivalents Śvetasarovara, Dhavalasarovara and Dhavalasarasa used in the inscriptions that support this meaning. Some inscriptions mention the name of the place as Beḷgoḷa, which has given rise to another derivation from the plant Solanum ferox (hairy-fruited eggplant). This derivation is in allusion to a tradition which says that a pious old woman completely anointed the colossal image with the milk brought by her in a gullakayi or eggplant. The place is also designated as Devara Beḷgoḷa "White Pond of the God" and Gommaṭapuram "city of Gommaṭa" in some epigraphs. History[edit]

An Old Photograph (c. 1899)

The pond in the middle of city, after which it is named, Beḷgoḷa “White Pond”

Shravanabelagola
Shravanabelagola
has two hills, Chandragiri and Vindhyagiri. Acharya Bhadrabahu
Bhadrabahu
and his pupil Chandragupta Maurya
Chandragupta Maurya
are believed to have meditated there.[2][3] Chandragupta Basadi, which was dedicated to Chandragupta Maurya, was originally built there by Ashoka
Ashoka
in the third century BC. Chandragiri also has memorials to numerous monks and Śrāvakas who have meditated there since the fifth century AD, including the last king of the Rashtrakuta dynasty
Rashtrakuta dynasty
of Manyakheta. Chandragiri also has a famous temple built by Chavundaraya.[4] The 58-feet tall monolithic statue of Gommateshwara is located on Vindyagiri Hill.[5] It is considered to be the world's largest monolithic statue. The base of the statue has an inscriptions in Prakrit
Prakrit
i.e. Devanagari script, dating from 981 AD. The inscription praises the king who funded the effort and his general, Chavundaraya, who erected the statue for his mother. Every twelve years, thousands of devotees congregate here to perform the Mahamastakabhisheka
Mahamastakabhisheka
or Mahamastakabhisheka, a spectacular ceremony in which the statue is anointed with Water, Turmeric, Rice flour, Sugar cane juice, Sandalwood
Sandalwood
paste, saffron, and gold and silver flowers.[6] Recently Mahamastakabhisheka
Mahamastakabhisheka
was held in 2018 during feb month. The next Mahamastakabhisheka
Mahamastakabhisheka
will be held on 2030.[7] The statue is referred to as Gommateshwara by Kannadigas, but the Jains refer to the same as "Bahubali".[citation needed] Shravanabelagola, nestled by the Vindhyagiri and Chandragiri Hills, protected by the monolith Bhagwan Bahubali, and home to over 2,300 years of Jain heritage, is a veritable picture postcard of our history and heritage spanning the centuries. In the town of Shravanabelagola, stands a colossal rock-cut statue of Lord Gommateshwara Shri Bahubali. About eight hundred odd inscriptions which the Karnataka
Karnataka
Archeological Department has collected at the place are mostly Jaina and cover a very extended period from 600 to 1830 A.D. Some refer even to the remote time of Chandragupta Maurya
Chandragupta Maurya
and also relate the story of the first settlement of Jains at Shravanabelagola. That this village was an acknowledged seat of learning is proved from the fact that a priest from here named Akalanka was in 788 A.D. summoned to the court of Himasitala at Kanchi where having confuted the Buddhists in public disputation, he was instrumental in gaining their expulsion from the South of India to Ceylon.[8][9] Inscriptions[edit]

Kannada inscription at Odegal Basadi

More than 800 inscriptions have been found at Shravanabelagola, dating to various times from 600 AD to 1830 AD. A large number of these are found in the Chandragiri and the rest can be seen in the Vindhyagiri Hill and the town. Most of the inscriptions at the Chandragiri date back before the 10th century. These inscriptions include texts in the Kannada. The second volume of Epigraphia Carnatica, written by B. Lewis Rice, is dedicated to the inscriptions found here. It is said to be the oldest Konkani inscription. The inscriptions are written in Purvahalagannada (Ancient Kannada) and Halegannada (Old Kannada) characters. Some of these inscriptions mention the rise and growth in power of the Western Ganga Dynasty, the Rashtrakutas, the Hoysala Empire, the Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
and the Wodeyar dynasty. These inscriptions have helped modern scholars to understand the nature and development of the Kannada language and its literature.[10] On August 5, 2007, the statue at Shravanabelagola
Shravanabelagola
was voted by the readers of Times of India as the first of the Seven Wonders of India.[11] 49% votes went in favor of the statue. Basadi[edit]

Akkana Basadi

Shantinatha
Shantinatha
basadi

18 feet idol of Parsvanatha in Parsvanatha Basadi

1. Akkana Basadi: This was built in 1181 A.D. Akkana Basadi has 23rd Tirthankara
Tirthankara
Parshwanath as main deity of the temple. 2. Chandragupta basadi: This was established in 9th century. The middle cell of this temple has the figure of Parshvanatha, the one to the right the figure of Padmavathi and the one to the left the figure of Kushmandini, all in a seated posture. 3. Shantinatha
Shantinatha
Basadi:This temple is dedicated to Shantinatha. It was built around 1200 A.D. 4. Parshwanatha Basadi: This is a beautiful structure with decorated outer walls. The image of Parshwanatha is the tallest on the hill which is 18 feet in height. The manastambha (pillar) is sculptured on all four sides which contains the figure of Padmavathi on the south, Yaksha
Yaksha
on the east, seated Kushmandini on the north and a galloping horseman on the west. The pillars in the navaranga are of round Ganga type with bell, vase and wheel mouldings. 5. Kattlae Basadi: This is situated to the left of Parshwanatha Basadi and in fact this is the biggest of all the Basadis on this hill. Kattlae Basadi has first Jain Tirthankara
Tirthankara
Rishabhnatha as main deity of the temple. Here one finds the image of Adinatha Thirthankara and also of Pampavathi in the Kaisale. 6. Chandraprabha
Chandraprabha
Basadi: It is dedicated to the worship of the 8th Tirthankara, Chandraprabha. The images of Shyama and Jwalamalini, Yaksha
Yaksha
and Yakshi
Yakshi
are to be found.The basadi is a brick structure raised over a stone base. This temple might be one of the oldest on the hill and its date would be about 800 A.D. It is said to have been constructed by the Ganga King Shivamara II. 7. Suparshwanatha Basadi: Seven headed serpent is carved over the head of the Suparshvanatha
Suparshvanatha
image. 8. Chamundarayaraya basadi: is the finest and one of the largest temples on the hill. It is also known as Chavundaraya
Chavundaraya
Basadi. It is dedicated to Neminatha, the 22nd Tirthankara. The sukhanasi consists of good figures of Sarvahna and Kushmandini, the yaksha and yakshi of Neminatha. It is dated back to 982 A.D. Mahamastakabhisheka[edit]

Mahamastakabhisheka
Mahamastakabhisheka
of Gommateshwara statue

Main article: Mahamastakabhisheka The Mahamastakabhisheka
Mahamastakabhisheka
(Grand Consecration/The Great Indian Festival), refers to the abhiṣheka (anointment) of the Jain images when held on a large scale. The most famous of such consecrations is the anointment of the Bahubali
Bahubali
Gommateshwara Statue
Gommateshwara Statue
located at Shravanabelagola. It is an important Jain festival held once in every 12 years. It is an integral part of the ancient and composite Jain tradition. The festival is held in veneration of a 17.3736 metres (57.000 ft) high monolithic statue of the Siddha Bahubali. The anointing last took place in 2006, and the next ceremony is going to take place in 2018.[12] During this festival, the statue is then bathed and anointed with libations such as milk, sugarcane juice, and saffron paste, and sprinkled with powders of sandalwood, turmeric, and vermilion.[13] The event has been attended by multiple political personalities including Krishna-Rajendra Wodeyar
Krishna-Rajendra Wodeyar
in 1910, and Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi
and Ramnath Kovind
Ramnath Kovind
in 2018.[14] Jain Temples near Shravanbelagola[edit]

Jinanathapura Ancient Jain Temples - 3 Kilometers from Shravanbelagola Kambadahalli Ancient Jain Temples- 18 Kilometers from Shravanbelagola Aratipura[15] Jain Heritage Center & Temples- 100 Kilometers from Shravanbelagola Mayasandra[16] Ancient Digambar Jain Mandir - 55 Kilometers from Shravanbelagola Markuli Ancient Jain Temple- 45 Kilometers from Shravanbelagola

Other notable things[edit] Shravanabelagola
Shravanabelagola
is the seat of the ancient Bhattaraka
Bhattaraka
Matha, belonging to the Desiya Gana lineage of Mula Sangh, from the Digambara monastic tradition. The Bhattarakas are all named Charukeerti. Bahubali
Bahubali
College of Engineering is an educational institute at Śravaṇa Beḷgoḷa. Notable people[edit]

Bhattaraka
Bhattaraka
Charukeerthi Swamiji, pontiff of the Shravanabelagola
Shravanabelagola
Jain Mutt

Photo gallery[edit]

Gommateshwara statue

Aerial view of Gommateshwara statue

Odegal Basadi

Miniature version of the Gommateshwara statue

Chavundaraya
Chavundaraya
Basadi

Basadi in Sravanabelgola

Painting inside Jain Math

Tyagada Brahmadeva Pillar

Panoramic view of Chandragiri Temple Complex

See also[edit]

B.Cholenahalli Channarayapatna Kantharajapura Shravaneri

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shravanabelagola.

Belur, Karnataka Halebidu Venur Dharmasthala Mangalore Karkala Sasalu, Mandya Jainism
Jainism
in Karnataka List of Jain temples

Notes[edit]

^ Vir Sanghvi, "Rude Travel: Down The Sages", Hindustan Times  ^ Sangave 2001, p. 204. ^ S. Settar, Inviting Death: Historical experiments on sepulchral hill, Karnatak University, Dharwar, 1986 ^ Biswas 2014, p. 275. ^ "Delegates enjoy a slice of history at Śravaṇa Beḷgoḷa", The Hindu, Chennai, Staff Correspondent, 1 January 2006  ^ Kumar, Brajesh (2003), Pilgrimage Centres of India, Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd., p. 199, ISBN 9788171821853  ^ " Mahamastakabhisheka
Mahamastakabhisheka
works will be completed on time: A. Manju". 17 August 2017 – via www.thehindu.com.  ^ B. L. Rice 2001, p. 366. ^ Lewis Rice 1985, p. 12. ^ Introduction in Epigraphia Carnatica Vol.2 Institute of Kannada Studies, Mysore, 1972. ^ "And India's 7 wonders are", The Times Of India, 5 August 2007  ^ Correspondent, TNN (8 February 2006). " Mahamastakabhisheka
Mahamastakabhisheka
of Bahubali
Bahubali
begins today". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 December 2012.  ^ Kumar, Brajesh (2003), Pilgrimage Centres of India, Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd., p. 199, ISBN 9788171821853  ^ " Bahubali
Bahubali
Mahamastakabhisheka
Mahamastakabhisheka
Mahotsav: Here is the history of the Jain festival PM Modi attended today", The Indian Express, 19 February 2018  ^ "Aratipura Archives - Jain Heritage Centres". Jain Heritage Centres. Retrieved 2017-12-29.  ^ "Mayasandra - Jain Heritage Centres". Jain Heritage Centres. 2011-12-14. Retrieved 2017-12-29. 

References[edit]

Karnataka
Karnataka
State Gazetteer 1983 Rice, B. Lewis (1889), Inscriptions at Sravana Belgola: a chief seat of the Jains, (Archaeological Survey of Mysore), Bangalore: Mysore Govt. Central Press  Sangave, Vilas Adinath (2001), Facets of Jainology: Selected Research Papers on Jain Society, Religion, and Culture, Mumbai: Popular Prakashan, ISBN 978-81-7154-839-2  Biswas, Subhash C. (2014), India the Land of Gods, Partridge Publishing, ISBN 9781482836547 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shravanabelagola.

Shravanabelagola
Shravanabelagola
travel guide from Wikivoyage The Bhattarakas of Shravanabelgola and Mudabidri Shravanabelgola Bahubali
Bahubali
Mahamasthakabhisheka / Mahamastakabhisheka Mahotsava

v t e

Jain temples in India

See also : Jain temples in North America

Bihar

Pawapuri Statue of Vasupujya

Delhi

Sri Digambar Jain Lal Mandir Naya Mandir Ahinsa Sthal

Gujarat

Bhadreshwar Girnar Hutheesing Mahudi Palitana Shankheshwar Taranga

Jharkhand

Shikharji

Karnataka

Badami cave temples Dharmasthala
Dharmasthala
Temple Jain Temple, Lakkundi Panchakuta Basadi, Kambadahalli Saavira Kambada Basadi Sankighatta Shravanabelagola

Kerala

Anantnath Swami Temple Jain temple, Alleppey Jain Temple, Kidanganad Jainimedu Jain temple Kattil Madam Temple

Madhya Pradesh

Bawangaja Jain temples of Khajuraho Kanch Mandir Sonagiri Bibrod Tirth

Maharashtra

Gajpanth Kumbhoj Statue of Ahimsa

Nagaland

Dimapur Jain Temple

Odisha

Digambara
Digambara
Jaina Temple, Khandagiri Parsvanath Jain Temple-I Parsvanath Jain Temple-II

Rajasthan

Ajmer Jain temple Nareli Jain Temple Padampura Ranakpur Jain temple Sanghiji Shri Mahavirji Tijara Jain temple

Tamil Nadu

Arahanthgiri Jain Math Alagramam Jain Temple Kalugumalai Jain Beds Mannargudi Mallinatha Swamy Jain Temple Mel Sithamur Jain Math Thirakoil

Telangana

Kulpakji

Uttar Pradesh

Jambudweep Digamber Jain Mandir Hastinapur

West Bengal

Calcutta Jain Temple

Category Jainism
Jainism
Portal

v t e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

Gods

Tirthankara Ganadhara Arihant

Philosophy

Ethics

Ahimsa

Epistemology

Kevala Jñāna

Jaina logic

Anekāntavāda

Jain cosmology

Siddhashila Naraka Heavenly beings

Karma

Types Causes

Gunasthana Dravya

Jīva Ajiva

Pudgala Dharma

Tattva

Asrava Bandha Samvara Nirjara Mokṣa

Death Saṃsāra Ratnatraya Kashaya

Branches

Digambara

Mula Sangha

Balatkara Gana Kashtha Sangha

Taran Panth Bispanthi Terapanth Yapaniya Kanji Panth

Śvētāmbara

Murtipujaka

Gaccha

Kharatara Tapa Tristutik

Sthānakavāsī Terapanth

Practices

Sallekhana Meditation

Sāmāyika

Monasticism Vegetarianism Fasting Rituals Festivals

Paryushana Kshamavani Mahamastakabhisheka

Upadhan Tapas Pratikramana

Literature

Agama

Shatkhandagama Kasayapahuda

Mantra

Namokar Mantra Bhaktamara Stotra

Tattvartha Sutra Samayasāra Aptamimamsa Kalpa Sūtra

Symbols

Jain flag Siddhachakra Ashtamangala

Shrivatsa Nandavarta

Auspicious dreams Swastika

Ascetics

Digambara
Digambara
monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya

Scholars

Nalini Balbir Colette Caillat Chandabai John E. Cort Paul Dundas Virchand Gandhi Hermann Jacobi Champat Rai Jain Padmanabh Jaini Jeffery D. Long Hampa Nagarajaiah Claudia Pastorino Bal Patil Jinendra Varni

Community

Śrāvaka Sarak Tamil Organisations

Digambar Jain Mahasabha Vishwa Jain Sangathan JAINA

Jainism
Jainism
in

India

Bundelkhand Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Karnataka

North

Kerala Maharashtra

Mumbai

Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh

Overseas

Canada Europe United States Japan Singapore Hong Kong Pakistan Belgium Africa Southeast Asia Australia

Jainism
Jainism
and

Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism

Dynasties and empires

Ikshvaku Maurya Kalinga Kadamba Ganga Chalukya Rashtrakuta Hoysala Pandayan

Related

History

Timeline

Pañca-Parameṣṭhi Pratima Śalākāpuruṣa Tirtha Samavasarana Jain calendar

Samvatsari

Panch Kalyanaka Statue of Ahimsa Temple Sculpture Art Law Nigoda Jain terms and concepts Sexual differences

Lists

List of Jains List of Jain temples List of Jain ascetics List of Digambar Jain ascetics Topics List (index)

Navboxes

Gods Literature Monks & nuns Scholars Temples

America Bengal

  Portal   Commons   Wikiquote   Wikisource

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIA

.