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The Shoubak
Shoubak
revolt was an uprising against Ottoman authority in the Transjordanian town of Shoubak. The uprising started after the Ottoman forces started to put women of the town into forced labor, considered to be a deliberate act of punishment against the inhabitants of Shoubak
Shoubak
who were frequently insubordinate.[1] Shoubak
Shoubak
rose in revolt and managed to rally the neighboring Bedouins with them; the perpetuators were brutally punished by military force through an Ottoman expedition sent from Al-Karak, just north of Shoubak.[2]

Contents

1 Background 2 Rebellion 3 Aftermath 4 See also 5 References

Background[edit] Heavy taxation by the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
authorities with no state-provided services in return led to a rebellion by the inhabitants of Shoubak
Shoubak
in 1900. During that rebellion, the inhabitants of Shoubak
Shoubak
climbed the town's Montreal Crusader Castle and killed a number of Ottoman soldiers. After the revolt failed to spread to neighboring towns and was quickly suppressed, the inhabitants of Shoubak
Shoubak
were eager for another revolt.[3] Rebellion[edit]

Inhabitants of Shoubak
Shoubak
surrounding ruins of a church in 1900.

The uprising started after Ottoman forces started to put women of the town into forced labor, tasking them with carrying water from springs deep in the valley to the Montreal Castle up above where the troops where stationed.[1] This may have been a deliberate act of punishment against the inhabitants of Shoubak, who were frequently insubordinate.[2] The people of Shoubak
Shoubak
revolted because they considered the humiliation of their women as an attack on their honour. The townsmen assaulted and expelled Ottoman soldiers from the castle, and took shelter in it.[3] Historian Suleiman Mousa
Suleiman Mousa
argues that Ottoman authorities intentionally humiliated the Arabs they governed in order to provoke them into a rebellion.[3] The Mutasarrıf
Mutasarrıf
of the nearby town of Al-Karak
Al-Karak
sent a special expedition consisting of 100 armed horsemen to confront the rebels. The Bedouins of the area joined the rebels and together refused to surrender the castle to the Ottomans. The horsemen raided the town, killed a number of its inhabitants, reoccupied the castle, and confiscated a number of the townsmen's possessions.[3] Aftermath[edit] The events at Shoubak
Shoubak
caused further tensions between the Arabs and the Ottoman authorities, and is believed to have contributed to local support for the Great Arab Revolt
Arab Revolt
against the Ottomans in 1916.[3] See also[edit]

Karak Revolt
Karak Revolt
(1910) Great Arab Revolt
Arab Revolt
(1916)

References[edit]

^ a b Kamal S. Salibi (1998-12-15). The Modern History of Jordan. I.B.Tauris. p. 39. ISBN 9781860643316. Retrieved 2016-06-11.  ^ a b Eugene L. Rogan (2002-04-21). Frontiers of the State in the Late Ottoman Empire: Transjordan, 1850–1921. Cambridge University Press. pp. 190–191. ISBN 9780521892230. Retrieved 2016-06-10.  ^ a b c d e "ثورات الشوبك: 1900م و 1905م". Jordan Heritage (in Arabic). 2016-03-22. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 

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Rebellions in the Ottoman Empire

Rise (1299–1453)

Sheikh Bedreddin rebellion Uprising of Konstantin and Fruzhin
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Classical Age (1453–1550)

Şahkulu Rebellion
Şahkulu Rebellion
(1511) Nur Ali Halife rebellion
Nur Ali Halife rebellion
(1512)

Transformation (1550-1700)

Mariovo and Prilep Rebellion
Mariovo and Prilep Rebellion
(1564–65) Beylerbeyi Event (1582) Jelali revolts
Jelali revolts
(1590–1610) Uprising in Banat
Uprising in Banat
(1594) Himara Revolt
Himara Revolt
(1596) Serb Uprising (1596–97) First Tarnovo Uprising
First Tarnovo Uprising
(1598) Thessaly Rebellion (1600) Ioannina Uprising (1611) Abaza rebellions (1624, 1627) Atmeydanı Incident (1648) Çınar Incident (1656) Abaza Hasan Revolt (1658-9) Second Tarnovo Uprising
Second Tarnovo Uprising
(1686) Chiprovtsi Uprising
Chiprovtsi Uprising
(1688) Karposh's Rebellion
Karposh's Rebellion
(1689)

Old Regime (1700–1789)

Edirne event
Edirne event
(1703) Uprising in Vučitrn (1717) Patrona Halil Rebellion
Patrona Halil Rebellion
(1730) Serb Uprising (1737–39) Orlov Revolt
Orlov Revolt
(1770) Koča's frontier rebellion
Koča's frontier rebellion
(1788)

Decline (1789–1908)

Dahije
Dahije
in Belgrade (1801–04) First Serbian Uprising
First Serbian Uprising
(1804–13) Kabakçı Mustafa rebellion (1807) Jančić's Rebellion (1809) Hadži-Prodan's Rebellion
Hadži-Prodan's Rebellion
(1814) Second Serbian Uprising
Second Serbian Uprising
(1815-17) Wallachian Uprising (1821) Niš Rebellion (1821) Greek War of Independence
Greek War of Independence
(1821–29) Atçalı Kel Mehmet revolt (1830) Bosnian Uprising (1831–33) Bilmez Rebellion (1832–33) Shkodër Rebellion (1833) Priest Jovica's Rebellion (1834) Second Mašići Rebellion (1834) Posavina Rebellion (1836) Livno Rebellion (1836) Pirot Rebellion
Pirot Rebellion
(1836) Berkovitsa Rebellion (1836) Belogradchik Rebellion (1836) Vlora Rebellion (1836) Diber Rebellion (1838–39) Cretan Revolt (1841) Niš Rebellion (1841) Uprising of Dervish Cara (1843–44) Albanian Revolt (1845) Albanian Revolt (1847) Herzegovina Uprising (1852–62) Epirus Revolt (1854) Doljani Revolt (1858) Mount Lebanon civil war (1860) Cretan Revolt (1866–69) Herzegovina Uprising (1875–77) Bulgarian April uprising (1876) Razlovtsi insurrection
Razlovtsi insurrection
(1876) Kumanovo Uprising
Kumanovo Uprising
(1878) Greek Macedonian rebellion (1878) Cretan Revolt (1878) Kresna–Razlog Uprising
Kresna–Razlog Uprising
(1878–79) Epirus Revolt (1878) Thessaly Revolt (1878) Ulcinj rebellion (1878) Brsjak Revolt (1880–81) Cretan Revolt (1896–97) Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising
Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising
(1903) Shoubak
Shoubak
Revolt (1905) Theriso revolt
Theriso revolt
(1905) Hauran Druze Rebellion
Hauran Druze Rebellion
(1909)

Dissolution (1908–1922)

31 March Incident
31 March Incident
(1909) Karak revolt
Karak revolt
(1910) Albanian revolt of 1910
Albanian revolt of 1910
(1910) Albanian revolt of 1911
Albanian revolt of 1911
(1911) Albanian revolt of 1912
Albanian revolt of 1912
(1912) Savior Officers (1912) Raid on the Sublime Porte (1913) First Dersim rebellion (1914) Arab Revolt
Arab Revolt
(1916–18) Koçgir

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