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Shmuel Schneersohn
Shmuel Schneersohn
(or Rabbi
Rabbi
Shmuel of Lubavitch or The Rebbe Maharash) (17 March 1834 – 14 September 1882 OS) was an Orthodox rabbi and the fourth Rebbe
Rebbe
(spiritual leader) of the Chabad
Chabad
Lubavitch chasidic movement.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Aphorisms 3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit] Schneersohn was born in Lyubavichi, on 2 Iyar 1834, the seventh son of the Tzemach Tzedek. He faced competition from three of his brothers, primarily from Rabbi
Rabbi
Yehuda Leib Schneersohn who established a dynasty in Kapust upon their father's death. Other brothers also established dynasties in Lyady, Nizhyn, and Ovruch.[1] In 1848 Schneersohn was married to the daughter of his brother, Rabbi Chaim Shneur Zalman Schneersohn. After several months she died, and he then married the Rebbetzin
Rebbetzin
Rivkah, a granddaughter of Rabbi
Rabbi
Dovber Schneuri, the Mitteler Rebbe. He had three sons, Rabbi
Rabbi
Zalman Aharon, Rabbi
Rabbi
Sholom Dovber and Rabbi
Rabbi
Menachem Mendel as well as one daughter, Devorah Leah. Schneersohn was said to have had chariots on call for the evacuation of books in time of fire.[2] Besides his communal activism, he had wide intellectual interests. He spoke several languages, including Latin.[3] He wrote widely on a range of religious and secular topics, and much of his writing has never been published and remains in manuscript form alone.[3] His discourses began to be published for the first time under the title Likkutei Torat Shmuel in 1945 by Kehot, and 12 volumes have so far been printed.[3] He died in Lyubavichi, on 13 Tishrei 1882, leaving three sons and two daughters, and was succeeded by his son Sholom Dovber.[3] Schneersohn urged the study of Kabbalah
Kabbalah
as a prerequisite for one's humanity:

A person who is capable of comprehending the seder hishtalshelus (kabbalistic secrets concerning the coming-into-being of all existence every moment) - and fails to do so - cannot be considered a human being. At every moment and time one must know where his soul stands. It is a mitzvah (commandment) and an obligation to know the seder hishtalshelus.[4]

Aphorisms[edit]

"The world says, 'If you can't crawl under, climb over.' But I say, Lechatchilah Ariber--'At the outset, one should climb over.'"[5]

"You cannot fool God; ultimately, you cannot fool others either. The only one you can fool is yourself. And to fool a fool is no great achievement."[6]

Part of a series on

Chabad

Rebbes

Shneur Zalman of Liadi
Shneur Zalman of Liadi
(Alter Rebbe) Dovber Schneuri
Dovber Schneuri
(Mitteler Rebbe) Menachem M. Schneersohn (Tzemach Tzedek) Shmuel Schneersohn
Shmuel Schneersohn
( Rebbe
Rebbe
Maharash) Sholom Dovber Schneersohn
Sholom Dovber Schneersohn
( Rebbe
Rebbe
Rashab) Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn
Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn
( Rebbe
Rebbe
Rayatz) Menachem M. Schneerson (the Rebbe)

Places and landmarks

Crown Heights Ohel Chabad
Chabad
library 770 Eastern Parkway Kfar Chabad Shikun Chabad Lyubavichi Nariman House

History

1 Kislev 10 Kislev 19 Kislev 10 Shvat 22 Shvat 11 Nissan 3 Tammuz 12-13 Tammuz

Organizations

Agudas Chasidei Chabad Chabad.org Chabad
Chabad
on Campus Colel Chabad Chabad
Chabad
Teen Network Friendship Circle Gan Israel Jewish Learning Institute Jewish Learning Network Jewish Released Time Jewish Relief Agency Kehot Publication Society Lubavitch Youth Organization Merkos L'Inyonei Chinuch Machneh Israel NCFJE Ohr Avner Tzivos Hashem Vaad Talmidei Hatmimim

Schools

Bais Chana Beth Rivkah Beth Rivkah Ladies College Hadar Hatorah Lubavitch Senior Girls' School Machon Chana Mayanot Ohel Chana Oholei Torah Ohr Avner Rabbinical College Tomchei Temimim Yeshivah College Yeshivah Gedolah

Chabad
Chabad
philosophy

Dirah Betachtonim Seder hishtalshelus

Texts

Tanya Shulchan Aruch HaRav Tehillat Hashem Maamarim Likutei Torah/Torah Or Toras Chaim Imrei Binah Derech Mitzvosecha Samech Vov Ayin Beis Hayom Yom Likkutei Sichos Igrot Kodesh Hadranim al HaRambam Hatomim

Outreach

Mitzvah campaigns Chabad
Chabad
house Chabad
Chabad
on Campus Mitzvah tank Noahide laws Public menorah Shluchim

Terminology

Chitas Mashpia Meiniach Farbrengen Nusach Ari Shaliach Choizer Chabadnitze Dira Betachtonim

Chabad
Chabad
offshoots

Strashelye Kopust Liadi Niezhin Avrutch Malachim

v t e

References[edit]

^ Sefer HaToldot Rav Shmuel, Admor Maharash, Glitzenstein, A. H. ^ The Messiah of Brooklyn: Understanding Lubavitch Hasidim Past and Present, M. Avrum Ehrlich, ch.16 note.12, KTAV Publishing, ISBN 0-88125-836-9 ^ a b c d Encyclopedia of Hasidism, entry: Schneersohn, Shmuel. Naftali Lowenthal. Aronson, London 1996. ISBN 1-56821-123-6 ^ Sefer HaToldos Admur Maharash Archived 2007-05-14 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Explanation of the Lubavitcher Rebbe
Rebbe
Archived 2012-09-14 at Archive.is ^ The Nechama Greisman Anthology Archived 2003-11-04 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

A biography of The Rebbe
Rebbe
Maharash - Rabbi
Rabbi
Shmuel Schneersohn Family Tree Sefer Toras Shmuel by Rabbi
Rabbi
Shmuel Schneersohn

Preceded by Menachem Mendel Schneersohn Rebbe
Rebbe
of Lubavitch 1866—1882 Succeeded by Sholom Dovber Schneersohn

v t e

Chabad

Rebbes

Shneur Zalman of Liadi
Shneur Zalman of Liadi
(Alter Rebbe) Dovber Schneuri
Dovber Schneuri
(Mitteler Rebbe) Menachem M. Schneersohn (Tzemach Tzedek) Shmuel Schneersohn
Shmuel Schneersohn
( Rebbe
Rebbe
Maharash) Sholom Dovber Schneersohn
Sholom Dovber Schneersohn
( Rebbe
Rebbe
Rashab) Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn
Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn
( Rebbe
Rebbe
Rayatz) Menachem M. Schneerson (the Rebbe)

Places and landmarks

Crown Heights Ohel Chabad
Chabad
library 770 Eastern Parkway Kfar Chabad Shikun Chabad Lyubavichi Nariman House

History

1 Kislev 10 Kislev 19 Kislev 10 Shvat 22 Shvat 11 Nissan 3 Tammuz 12-13 Tammuz

Organizations

Agudas Chasidei Chabad Chabad.org Chabad
Chabad
on Campus Colel Chabad Chabad
Chabad
Teen Network Friendship Circle Gan Israel Jewish Learning Institute Jewish Learning Network Jewish Released Time Jewish Relief Agency Kehot Publication Society Lubavitch Youth Organization Merkos L'Inyonei Chinuch Machneh Israel NCFJE Ohr Avner Tzivos Hashem Vaad Talmidei Hatmimim

Schools

Bais Chana Beth Rivkah Beth Rivkah Ladies College Hadar Hatorah Lubavitch Senior Girls' School Machon Chana Mayanot Ohel Chana Oholei Torah Ohr Avner Rabbinical College Tomchei Temimim Yeshivah College Yeshivah Gedolah

Chabad
Chabad
philosophy

Dirah Betachtonim Seder hishtalshelus

Texts

Tanya Shulchan Aruch HaRav Tehillat Hashem Maamarim Likutei Torah/Torah Or Toras Chaim Imrei Binah Derech Mitzvosecha Samech Vov Ayin Beis Hayom Yom Likkutei Sichos Igrot Kodesh Hadranim al HaRambam Hatomim

Outreach

Mitzvah campaigns Chabad
Chabad
house Chabad
Chabad
on Campus Mitzvah tank Noahide laws Public menorah Shluchim

Terminology

Chitas Mashpia Meiniach Farbrengen Nusach Ari Shaliach Choizer Chabadnitze Dira Betachtonim

Chabad
Chabad
offshoots

Strashelye Kopust Liadi Niezhin Avrutch Malachim

v t e

Schneersohn Family Tree (partial)

Rabbi
Rabbi
Shneur Zalman of Liadi 1745–1812[1] 1st Chabad
Chabad
Rebbe

Rebbetzin
Rebbetzin
Sterna[2] 17??–18??[3]

Rabbi
Rabbi
Shalom Shachne 17??–18??

Rebbetzin
Rebbetzin
Devora Leah 17??–17??

Rabbi
Rabbi
Dovber Schneuri 1773–1827[4] 2nd Chabad
Chabad
Rebbe

Rebbetzin
Rebbetzin
Sheina[5] 17??–18??[6]

Rabbi
Rabbi
Menachem M. Schneersohn 1789–1866[7] 3rd Chabad
Chabad
Rebbe

Rebbetzin
Rebbetzin
Chaya M. Schneersohn 17??–1860[8]

Rabbi
Rabbi
Baruch Shalom Schneersohn 1806–1869

Rabbi
Rabbi
Yehuda L. Schneersohn 1808–1866 1st Kapust Rebbe

Rabbi
Rabbi
Chaim S. Z. Schneersohn 1814–1880 1st Liadi Rebbe

Rabbi
Rabbi
Shmuel Schneersohn 1834–1882 4th Chabad
Chabad
Rebbe

Rabbi
Rabbi
Levi Yitzchak Schneersohn 1834–1878

Rabbi
Rabbi
Shlomo Z. Schneersohn 1830–1900 2nd Kapust Rebbe

Rabbi
Rabbi
Shmaryahu N. Schneersohn 1842–1923 4th Kapust Rebbe

Rabbi
Rabbi
Yitzchak D. Schneersohn 1842–1824 2nd Liadi Rebbe

Rabbi
Rabbi
Shalom D. Schneersohn 1860–1920 5th Chabad
Chabad
Rebbe

Rabbi
Rabbi
Baruch Schneur Schneersohn 18??–1926

Rabbi
Rabbi
Yosef Y. Schneersohn 1880–1950 6th Chabad
Chabad
Rebbe

Rabbi
Rabbi
Levi Yitzchak Schneerson 1878–1944

Rebbetzin
Rebbetzin
Chana Schneerson 1880–1964

Rabbi
Rabbi
Menachem M. Schneerson 1902–1994 7th Chabad
Chabad
Rebbe

Rebbetzin
Rebbetzin
Chaya M. Schneerson 1901–1988

Notes:

^ Hayom Yom, pp. A8, A9. "18 Elul 5505 (1745): Birth of Alter Rebbe, R. Schneur Zalman to R. Baruch and his wife, Rivka, daughter of Avraham.[... A]rrives in the village of Piena, Kursk Province, on 12 Tevet 5583 (1812). There, after Shabbat ends, the eve of Sunday, 24 Tevet, he passes away. He is interred in Haditz, Poltava Province." ^ Hayom Yom, p. A9. "His [the Alter Rebbe's] wife was Rebbetzin Sterna, daughter of the magnate R. Yehuda Leib Segal and his wife Beila." ^ Hayom Yom, p. A8. "In the year 5520 (1760) he [the Alter Rebbe] married." ^ Hayom Yom, p. A10. "5534 (1773): Birth of the Mitter Rebbe
Rebbe
[Dovber Schneuri] on Kislev 9.[...] On Wednesday, 9 Kislev 5588 (1827) he passes away in Niezhin, Chernigov province, while returning from his father's gravesite, and is interred there." ^ Hayom Yom, p. A10. "His [the Mitteler Rebbe's] wife was Rebbetzin Sheina." ^ Hayom Yom, p. A10. "5548 (1788): His [the Mitteler Rebbe's] marriage." ^ Hayom Yom, pp. A11, A12. "5549 (1789): Birth of Tzemach Tzedek on Erev Rosh Hashanah.[...] 5626 (1866): Passes away Wednesday night, the eve of Nissan 13, and is interred in Lubavitch." ^ Hayom Yom, p. A12. "5621 (1861 [sic; 9 Dec. 1860 O.S. or 21 Dec. 1860 N.S.]): [Tzemach Tzedek is] Widowed on the eighth of Tevet."

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 33288460 LCCN: n80007366 ISNI: 0000 0000 7146 9245 MusicBrainz: 48e14018-5273-4d6b-a67b-3ed340b79c82 SN

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