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Shlomo Ganzfried
Shlomo Ganzfried
(or Salomo ben Joseph Ganzfried; 1804 in Ungvar
Ungvar
– 30 July 1886 in Ungvar) was an Orthodox rabbi and posek best known as author of the work of Halakha (Jewish law), the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (Hebrew: קיצור שולחן ערוך, "The Abbreviated Shulchan Aruch"), by which title he is also known.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Works

2.1 Kitzur Shulchan Aruch

2.1.1 Translations

2.2 Other works

3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links

Biography[edit] Ganzfried was born in 1804 in Ungvar, in the Ung County
Ung County
of the Kingdom of Hungary (present-day Ukraine). His father Joseph died when he was eight. Ganzfried was considered to be a child prodigy and Ungvar's chief rabbi and Rosh yeshiva, Rabbi
Rabbi
Zvi Hirsh Heller assumed legal guardianship; Heller was known as "Hershele the Sharp-witted" for his piercing insights into the Talmud. Heller later moved to the city of Bonyhád, and Ganzfried, then fifteen, followed him. He remained in Heller's yeshiva for almost a decade until his ordination and marriage. After his marriage he worked briefly as a wine merchant. In 1830, he abandoned commerce and accepted the position of Rabbi
Rabbi
of Brezovica (Brezevitz). In 1849, he returned to Ungvar
Ungvar
as a dayan, a judge in the religious court. At that time Ungvar's spiritual head, Rabbi
Rabbi
Meir Ash, was active in the Orthodox camp, in opposition to the Neologs. Through serving with Ash, Ganzfried realised that in order to remain committed to Orthodoxy, "the average Jew required an underpinning of a knowledge of practical halakha (Jewish law)". It was to this end that Ganzfried composed the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch. This work became very popular, and was frequently reprinted in Hebrew and in Yiddish. This work often records more stringent positions. Rabbi
Rabbi
Ganzfried remained in the office of Dayan until his death on July 30, 1886. Heshy Fried, a noted Jewish blogger and satirist, is the great-great grandson of Rabbi
Rabbi
Ganzfried. Works[edit] Kitzur Shulchan Aruch[edit] The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, first published in 1864, is a summary of the Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
of Joseph Karo
Joseph Karo
with reference to later commentaries, per the title page of the first edition, "written for God-fearing Jews who are not in a position to study and comprehend the [original, full] Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
and its commentaries, and... composed in a Hebrew that can be easily understood." The Kitzur states what is permitted and what is forbidden without ambiguity. Ganzfried was a Hungarian Jew and the emphasis is on the customs of Jews of Hungary at that time. This work was explicitly written as a popular text and as such is not at the level of detail of the Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
itself, while generally following its structure. Rabbi
Rabbi
Ganzfried expressed his intentions in his introduction:[1]

“ [This book] includes from the four sections of the Shulchan Aruch, those necessary and essential laws for all people in Yisrael in order to know them and are written in a simple language and a correct order. It is a good compilation and effective, B’ezrat Hashem, for businessmen that do not have the time to delve into the Shulchan Aruch and its commentaries. They shall find in [this work] that which they require with ease and also [be able to] educate the youth and plant in their hearts the commandments of Hashem in their youth and [so that] also in their later life they will not leave them… ”

To counsel a ruling, Ganzfried based his decisions on three Ashkenazi authorities: Rabbi
Rabbi
Yaakov Lorberbaum; Rabbi
Rabbi
Shneur Zalman
Shneur Zalman
of Liadi, author of Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
HaRav; and Rabbi
Rabbi
Abraham Danzig, author of Chayei Adam and Chochmat Adam. In cases of disagreement he adopted the majority view. (Karo had used a similar method in composing his Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
(1563) where his references were to Rabbi
Rabbi
Isaac Alfasi, Maimonides
Maimonides
and Rabbi
Rabbi
Asher ben Jehiel.) The Kitzur became immensely popular after its publication due to its simplicity, and is still popular within Orthodox Judaism, as a framework for study. Many other works – Ben Ish Hai, Chayei Adam and others – are also concise, and suitable for laypersons or summaries of the Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
but did not reach the level of the Kitzur's popularity. "The Kitzur" is not a basis for making Halakhic decisions; rather, Rabbis will use the Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
(including the various commentaries), or later works such as Kaf HaChaim[2] or the Mishnah Berurah. Because of this popularity it is often printed with cross-references to other works of halakha, especially the Shulchan Aruch HaRav or the Mishnah Berurah; one popular edition also contains notes by former Chief Rabbi
Rabbi
Mordechai Eliyahu
Mordechai Eliyahu
entitled Darkhe Halakhah cross-referring to leading Sephardi
Sephardi
authorities. Many editions include as an appendix the laws pertaining to the Land of Israel
Land of Israel
by the Chazon Ish ( Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Yeshaya Karelitz). A recent commentary is Shearim Metzuyanim be-Halakhah, by Rabbi
Rabbi
Shlomo Zalman Braun, which examines contemporary problems in the light of the work. Ganzfried himself,[attribution needed] however, stated that there should be no commentaries on his work, since its point, as indicated by its title, was that it should remain short – and that such commentaries should be appended to the Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
itself, rather than to the Kitzur. However, the Mishnah Berurah
Mishnah Berurah
has mostly supplanted works like the Chayei Adam and the Aruch HaShulchan
Aruch HaShulchan
as the primary authority on Jewish daily living among Ashkenazi
Ashkenazi
Jews. The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
Yomi ("Daily Kitzur Shulchan Aruch") is a daily learning program, where the work is completed each year. The schedule does not follow the contents in order, rather it is arranged such that one reviews the laws of the Jewish holidays
Jewish holidays
in the weeks before each. A person can start learning at any time of the year and complete it over the course of the year. The program is increasingly popular as it requires only 5 – 10 minutes per day. There are, correspondingly, numerous online resources; see below. Translations[edit] The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
has been translated into English several times. Hyman E. Goldin's translation was published in 1961 with an attempt to eliminate errors and improve upon previous translations, making it "more comprehensible to scholar and layperson alike."[3] It is thought[by whom?] that Goldin's English title "Code of Jewish Law" has added to the popularity of his work, although it is misleading. The 1980s and 90s saw the publication of two modernized translations, which included cross references similar to those in contemporary Hebrew editions as above: in 1987 Metsudah Publications released a translation by Rabbi
Rabbi
Avrohom Davis,[4] and in 1991 Moznaim Publishing released a translation by Rabbi
Rabbi
Eliyahu Touger.[5] The recent (2011) translation by Artscroll,[6] under the general editorship of Rabbi Eliyahu Klugman, includes comparisons with the Mishnah Berurah
Mishnah Berurah
and the Igrot Moshe of Moshe Feinstein. Various other translations are available online; see External links below.

Code of Jewish Law. Hebrew Publishing Co. (Transl. Hyman Goldin), 1927. ISBN 0-88482-779-8 Kitzur Shulchan Aruch. Compact Set. Metsudah Publications, 2006. ISBN 1-931681-99-6 Kitzur Schulchan Oruch. Moznaim Publishing Corp, 1991. ISBN 0-940118-63-7 The Kleinman Edition Kitzur Shulchan Aruch. Vol. 1. Artscroll, 2008. ISBN 1-4226-0832-8

It has been translated also into Spanish in two volumes by Rabbi Nosson Grunblatt and published by Kehot Lubavitch Sudamericana, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Other works[edit]

Kesset HaSofer (קסת הסופר), a halachic primer for scribes published in 1835. Ganzfried composed this while he was still engaged in business. (Above it states that he left commerce and became a Rabbi in 1830. One of these statements is wrong.) Pnei Shlomo (פני שלמה), an elucidation of portions of the Talmud. Torat Zevach (תורת זבח), a halakhic handbook for practitioners of shechita, ritual slaughter. Sefer Apiryon (ספר אפריון), a commentary on the Bible. Lechem V'simlah (לחם ושמלה) on the laws of Niddah Ohalei Sheim (אהלי שם) on the official spellings of Hebrew names, as pertaining to gittin. Sheim Yosef (שם יוסף) on various sugyos in Shas. Sefer Galuy A letter written at the time of the Congress of 1869

See also[edit] Similar works

Chayei Adam and Chochmat Adam by Avraham Danzig (Poland, 1748–1820), similar Ashkenazi
Ashkenazi
works. Ben Ish Chai
Ben Ish Chai
by Yosef Chaim (Baghdad, 1832–1909), a Sephardi
Sephardi
work with a similar purpose. "Kitzur Shulchan Aruch", a similar Sephardi
Sephardi
work by Rabbi
Rabbi
Raphael Baruch Toledano. "Kitzur Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
Mekor Hayyim", a similar Sephardi
Sephardi
work by Rabbi Hayim David HaLevi. The volumes entitled "Kitzur Shulchan Aruch" from Yalkut Yosef, a similar Sephardi
Sephardi
work. The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
Sefardi by Rabbi
Rabbi
Reuven Amar. Das Vadin [clarification needed]

Other study cycles

Shnayim mikra ve-echad targum ( Weekly Torah portion
Weekly Torah portion
with Rashi) - weekly or daily study (1 year cycle) Daf Yomi
Daf Yomi
(entire Talmud) - daily study (approx 7-year cycle); Amud Yomi (approx 14-year cycle) Mishneh Torah - daily study (1 or 3-year cycle) Mishnah Berurah
Mishnah Berurah
Yomit - daily study (1 or 3-year cycle) Halacha Yomit
Halacha Yomit
(Shulchan Aruch) - daily study (4 year cycle) Tanya
Tanya
- daily study (1 year cycle)

Notes[edit]

^ as quoted by mishnahyomit.com Archived July 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ It is thought[citation needed] that the title added to this book's immediate and continuing popularity. ^ Goldin, Hyman E. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
– Code of Jewish Law, Forward to the New Edition. (New York: Hebrew Publishing Company, 1961) ^ Metsudah Kitzur Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
(3 Volumes). ISBN 1-931681-99-6 ^ Kitzur Schulchan Oruch - Code of Jewish Law (2 Volumes). ISBN 0-940118-63-7 ^ The Kleinman Edition Kitzur Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
(5 Volumes). ISBN 1-4226-1104-3

References[edit]

Rabbi
Rabbi
Ganzfried's two million Kitzurs, Jack E. Friedman Ganzfried, Solomon, jewishencyclopedia.com What is the Kitzur Shulkhan Arukh?, faqs.org

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Shlomo Ganzfried

Works by or about Shlomo Ganzfried
Shlomo Ganzfried
at Internet Archive Works by Shlomo Ganzfried
Shlomo Ganzfried
at LibriVox
LibriVox
(public domain audiobooks)

Online full-text versions

In Hebrew:

www.Kitzur.net, The full text of the Kitzur, which follows the international Kitzur Yomi (daily) schedule; fully searchable; viewable with or without nekudot (punctuation symbols); daily halachos available by email Free Android Kitzur App, available with or without vowels Kitzur Chrome Extension for the kitzur daily laws.

Translated to English:

By Yona Newman: ["Ch 1–97". Archived from the original on 2016-11-03. Retrieved 2017-02-03. ] / ["Ch 98–221". Archived from the original on 2016-11-03. Retrieved 2017-02-03. ]. Complete linear translation with Hebrew and English and many notes and references. (Has opportunity to become more correct.) At torah.org: Chapters grouped by theme. Less than 50% complete.

Works related to Kitzur Shulchan Arukh (a beginning project, less than 10% complete) at Wikisource

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch
Shulchan Aruch
Yomi

www.kitzur.net - daily halachos sent to your email Kitzur365.org Daily Calendar: Kitzur365 Calendar, close to a thousand of free resources and daily halachos sent to your email Calendar: mishnahyomit.com Links on shemayisrael.co.il

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 100295484 LCCN: n85239150 ISNI: 0000 0001 1798 258X GND: 12324837X SELIBR: 55066 SUDOC: 034292063 BNF: cb12506192h (da

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