Shivamara II was the son of
Sripurusha and ruled the Western Ganga
Dynasty from 788 – 816 C.E. He was also a noted scholar in Kannada,
Sanskrit and Prakrit. He succeeded to the Ganga throne during a time
when the Rashtrakuta were the empire on the rise in South India and
Conflict with Rashtrakuta
The Rashtrakuta monarch
Dhruva Dharavarsha defeated Shivamara in
Mudagunduru and took the Ganga king captive. The Rashtrakuta then took
direct control of the Gangavadi with the appointment of Kambharasa,
Dhruva Dharavarsha as its governor. He was later released, only
to be imprisoned again during the rule of
Govinda III when he refused
to pay the Rashtrakuta tribute.
Shivamara II again was released only
to defy the Rashtrakuta yoke by waging wars. He died fighting them in
816. Manne near Bangalore was one of his capitals during this time.
In spite of being imprisoned on multiple occasions and being at
constant war he found the time to write literary works, including
Gajashtaka in Kannada, Gajamathakalpana in
Sanskrit and Sethubandha in
According to historian Kamath, he is considered to be one of the
famous kings of the dynasty.
Suryanath U. Kamat, Concise History of Karnataka, 2001, MCC, Bangalore
History of Karnataka by Dr.Arthikaje
History of Ganga
Dynasty - Dr. Jyotsna Kamat
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