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Shekhupura (Urdu: شیخُوپُورہ ‬‎, Punjabi: شیخُوپُور‬) is a city the Pakistani province of Punjab. Founded but the Mughal Emperor Jehangir in 1607, Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
is now the 16th largest city in Pakistan,[2] and is the headquarters of Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
District. The city is an industrial centre, and satellite town, located about 40 km northwest of Lahore.[3]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Mughal 2.2 Sikh 2.3 British 2.4 Partition

3 Notable people 4 Education 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Etymology[edit] The region around Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
was previous known as Virk Garh, or "Virk Fort", in reference to the Jat tribe that inhabited the area.[4] The city, founded in 1607, was named by Jehangir himself - the city's first name is recorded in the Emperor's autobiography, the Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, in which he refers to the town as Jehangirabad.[5] The city then came to be known by its current name, which derives from Jehangir's nickname Sheikhu that was given to him by his mother, wife of Akbar the Great.[6] History[edit]

The Sheikhupura Fort
Sheikhupura Fort
was established in 1607.

Mughal[edit] Mughal Emperor Jahangir
Jahangir
laid the foundations of Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
in 1607 near the older town of Jandiala Sher Khan, an important provincial town during the early to middle Mughal era.[7] He also erected the nearby Hiran Minar, Sheikhpura's most renowned site, between 1607 and 1620 as a monument to his beloved pet deer, Mansiraj, at a time when the area served as a royal hunting ground for the Mughal Emperor.[8] Jehangir laid the foundation of the Sheikhupura Fort
Sheikhupura Fort
in 1607, which is situated in the city's centre. Sikh[edit] Following the collapse of Mughal authority, the city came under the control of the Bhatti tribe.[4] The tribe struggled to maintain control of the area, as bandits and Sikhs began encroaching upon the area. In 1797, the Durrani king Shah Zaman briefly seized the city and fortress during his campaign to capture Lahore.[9] The city's fort then was captured by the Sikh
Sikh
bandit, Inder Singh. Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
was then captured from the Bhattis by the forces of Lehna Singh in 1799.[9] Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
thus came under the rule of the Sikh Sukherchakia Misl state under Lehna Singh's ally, Ranjit Singh, forcing the Bhatti tribe to retreat to Pindi Bhattian
Pindi Bhattian
and Jalalpur.[4] Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
then changed hands several more times, before finally being captured by Ranjit Singh
Ranjit Singh
in 1808.[9] Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
remained under suzerainty of the Sikh
Sikh
Empire until 1847, when the British seized control of the area. The British imprisoned the last Queen of the Sikh
Sikh
Empire, Maharani Jind Kaur, at the Sheikhpura Fort for ten months until 1848 before ultimately condemning her to exile abroad.[9] British[edit] Following establishment of British colonial rule, Bhatti possessions that had been seized by the Sikhs were restored.[4] The large area between the Chenab and Ravi rivers were initially consolidated into a single district with Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
serving as its first headquarters, until 1851.[4] The area around Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
attained District status in 1919,[4] with M.M.L. Karry serving as its first administrator.[10] Partition[edit] On the eve of the Partition of British India, Sikhs made up 19% of the district's population. Despite the area's Muslim majority, Sikhs had hoped that the boundary commission would award the area to India, given the proximity of Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
to the city of Nankana Sahib
Nankana Sahib
- revered as the birthplace of the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak.[11] The city was spared the large-scale rioting that engulfed Lahore earlier in 1947, and the city's Sikh
Sikh
population did not shift to India before the Radcliffe Line
Radcliffe Line
that demarcated the border of the newly independent states of Pakistan
Pakistan
and India was announced.[11] The Sikh
Sikh
population had not made arrangements to leave and remained trapped in the city until 31 August 1947.[11] The city's Sacha Sauda refugee camp hosted upwards of 100,000 Sikh
Sikh
refugees who had come to the city after fleeing nearby Gujranwala
Gujranwala
and other surrounding areas earlier that year.[11] Fierce violence erupted in the city, and an estimated 10,000 people were killed in Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
between 16 August and 31 August in communal rioting between Sikhs and Muslims.[11] Large numbers of Sikh
Sikh
women were killed by Sikh
Sikh
men in an attempt to prevent Muslim rioters from reaching them.[11] Notable people[edit]

Aaqib Javed played as fast bowler for Pakistan
Pakistan
cricket team. Anjum Saeed played one Olympics for Pakistan
Pakistan
hockey team. Anzhelika Tahir, Miss Pakistan
Pakistan
World 2015, a beauty queen from Pakistan. Choudhry Bilal Ahmed, politician Jahangir, Fourth Mughal Emperor, ruled from 1605-1627 Kulwant Singh Virk, author Mohammad Asif
Mohammad Asif
a right arm medium fast bowler in cricket Muhammad Javed Buttar, is a former justice of Supreme Court of Pakistan Muhammad Nawaz Bhatti, judge and lawyer Nawab Kapur Singh, one of the pivotal figures of the Sikh
Sikh
Confederacy and founder of the Singhpuria Misl. Rana Naved-ul-Hasan, player for the Pakistan
Pakistan
National Cricket Team[12] Rana Tanveer Hussain
Rana Tanveer Hussain
Federal Minister Saeed Anwar played three Olympics for Pakistan
Pakistan
hockey team. Sheikh Salim Chishti, Sufi saint of the Chishti Order during the Mughal Empire Waris Shah, A Great Punjabi Sufi Poet Zaka Ullah Bhangoo, Pakistani army aviator Zulfiqar Ahmad Dhillon, retired brigadier in the Pakistani army Saeed-ul haq Dogar, Pakistani Politician

Education[edit]

Aspire College, Sargodha Road Punjab College, Sargodha Road Noor Ul Huda Islamic Scientific School System Harn Minar Road National Model School, Sargodha road Punjab Public School, Housing Colony

See also[edit]

Hiran Minar, minaret built in the early 17th century Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
Stadium

References[edit]

^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. " Hiran Minar
Hiran Minar
and Tank, Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
- UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 29 April 2017.  ^ http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files/[permanent dead link]/tables/POPULATION%20SIZE%20AND%20GROWTH%20OF%20MAJOR%20CITIES.pdf ^ Kot Dayal Das ^ a b c d e f "Sheikupura City
City
Profile" (PDF). Urban Unit. Government of Pakistan.  ^ "Sheikhupura's historical sites attractive for tourists". The Nation. Retrieved 2018-01-21.  ^ District Profile: Central Punjab- Sheikhupura
Sheikhupura
Archived 6 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ orientalarchitecture.com. "Asian Historical Architecture: A Photographic Survey". www.orientalarchitecture.com. Retrieved 2018-01-21.  ^ Ruggles, D. Fairchild (2011). Islamic Gardens and Landscapes. University of Pennsylvania. ISBN 9780812207286.  ^ a b c d Ali, Aown (2014-09-03). "The crumbling glory of Sheikhupura Fort". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2018-01-21.  ^ Ahmad, Iram. "COLONIAL TRANSFORMATION IN THE DISTRICT OF SHEIKHUPURA, 1849-1947" (PDF).  ^ a b c d e f Menon, Ritu; Bhasin, Kamla (1998). Borders & Boundaries: Women in India's Partition. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 9780813525525.  ^ https://cricketarchive.com/Archive/Players/19/19517/19517.html

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sheikhupura.

External links[edit]

Official Website of Punjab Government

Template: Pakistan
Pakistan
Cities

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 131348502 GN

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