Shekhupura (Urdu: شیخُوپُورہ , Punjabi:
شیخُوپُور) is a city the Pakistani province of Punjab.
Founded but the Mughal Emperor Jehangir in 1607,
Sheikhupura is now
the 16th largest city in Pakistan, and is the headquarters of
Sheikhupura District. The city is an industrial centre, and satellite
town, located about 40 km northwest of Lahore.
3 Notable people
5 See also
7 External links
The region around
Sheikhupura was previous known as Virk Garh, or
"Virk Fort", in reference to the Jat tribe that inhabited the area.
The city, founded in 1607, was named by Jehangir himself - the city's
first name is recorded in the Emperor's autobiography, the
Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, in which he refers to the town as Jehangirabad.
The city then came to be known by its current name, which derives from
Jehangir's nickname Sheikhu that was given to him by his mother, wife
of Akbar the Great.
Sheikhupura Fort was established in 1607.
Jahangir laid the foundations of
Sheikhupura in 1607
near the older town of Jandiala Sher Khan, an important provincial
town during the early to middle Mughal era. He also erected the
nearby Hiran Minar, Sheikhpura's most renowned site, between 1607 and
1620 as a monument to his beloved pet deer, Mansiraj, at a time when
the area served as a royal hunting ground for the Mughal Emperor.
Jehangir laid the foundation of the
Sheikhupura Fort in 1607, which is
situated in the city's centre.
Following the collapse of Mughal authority, the city came under the
control of the Bhatti tribe. The tribe struggled to maintain
control of the area, as bandits and Sikhs began encroaching upon the
area. In 1797, the Durrani king Shah Zaman briefly seized the city and
fortress during his campaign to capture Lahore. The city's fort
then was captured by the
Sikh bandit, Inder Singh.
Sheikhupura was then captured from the Bhattis by the forces of Lehna
Singh in 1799.
Sheikhupura thus came under the rule of the Sikh
Sukherchakia Misl state under Lehna Singh's ally, Ranjit Singh,
forcing the Bhatti tribe to retreat to
Pindi Bhattian and Jalalpur.
Sheikhupura then changed hands several more times, before finally
being captured by
Ranjit Singh in 1808.
Sheikhupura remained under suzerainty of the
Sikh Empire until 1847,
when the British seized control of the area. The British imprisoned
the last Queen of the
Sikh Empire, Maharani Jind Kaur, at the
Sheikhpura Fort for ten months until 1848 before ultimately condemning
her to exile abroad.
Following establishment of British colonial rule, Bhatti possessions
that had been seized by the Sikhs were restored. The large area
between the Chenab and Ravi rivers were initially consolidated into a
single district with
Sheikhupura serving as its first headquarters,
until 1851. The area around
Sheikhupura attained District status in
1919, with M.M.L. Karry serving as its first administrator.
On the eve of the Partition of British India, Sikhs made up 19% of the
district's population. Despite the area's Muslim majority, Sikhs had
hoped that the boundary commission would award the area to India,
given the proximity of
Sheikhupura to the city of
Nankana Sahib -
revered as the birthplace of the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak.
The city was spared the large-scale rioting that engulfed Lahore
earlier in 1947, and the city's
Sikh population did not shift to India
Radcliffe Line that demarcated the border of the newly
independent states of
Pakistan and India was announced.
Sikh population had not made arrangements to leave and remained
trapped in the city until 31 August 1947. The city's Sacha Sauda
refugee camp hosted upwards of 100,000
Sikh refugees who had come to
the city after fleeing nearby
Gujranwala and other surrounding areas
earlier that year. Fierce violence erupted in the city, and an
estimated 10,000 people were killed in
Sheikhupura between 16 August
and 31 August in communal rioting between Sikhs and Muslims. Large
Sikh women were killed by
Sikh men in an attempt to prevent
Muslim rioters from reaching them.
Aaqib Javed played as fast bowler for
Pakistan cricket team.
Anjum Saeed played one Olympics for
Pakistan hockey team.
Anzhelika Tahir, Miss
Pakistan World 2015, a beauty queen from
Choudhry Bilal Ahmed, politician
Jahangir, Fourth Mughal Emperor, ruled from 1605-1627
Kulwant Singh Virk, author
Mohammad Asif a right arm medium fast bowler in cricket
Muhammad Javed Buttar, is a former justice of Supreme Court of
Muhammad Nawaz Bhatti, judge and lawyer
Nawab Kapur Singh, one of the pivotal figures of the
and founder of the Singhpuria Misl.
Rana Naved-ul-Hasan, player for the
Pakistan National Cricket Team
Rana Tanveer Hussain
Rana Tanveer Hussain Federal Minister
Saeed Anwar played three Olympics for
Pakistan hockey team.
Sheikh Salim Chishti, Sufi saint of the Chishti Order during the
Waris Shah, A Great Punjabi Sufi Poet
Zaka Ullah Bhangoo, Pakistani army aviator
Zulfiqar Ahmad Dhillon, retired brigadier in the Pakistani army
Saeed-ul haq Dogar, Pakistani Politician
Aspire College, Sargodha Road
Punjab College, Sargodha Road
Noor Ul Huda Islamic Scientific School System Harn Minar Road
National Model School, Sargodha road
Punjab Public School, Housing Colony
Hiran Minar, minaret built in the early 17th century
^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "
Hiran Minar and Tank,
UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 29 April
^ http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files/[permanent dead
^ Kot Dayal Das
^ a b c d e f "Sheikupura
City Profile" (PDF). Urban Unit. Government
^ "Sheikhupura's historical sites attractive for tourists". The
Nation. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
^ District Profile: Central Punjab-
Sheikhupura Archived 6 May 2009 at
the Wayback Machine.
^ orientalarchitecture.com. "Asian Historical Architecture: A
Photographic Survey". www.orientalarchitecture.com. Retrieved
^ Ruggles, D. Fairchild (2011). Islamic Gardens and Landscapes.
University of Pennsylvania. ISBN 9780812207286.
^ a b c d Ali, Aown (2014-09-03). "The crumbling glory of Sheikhupura
Fort". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
^ Ahmad, Iram. "COLONIAL TRANSFORMATION IN THE DISTRICT OF
SHEIKHUPURA, 1849-1947" (PDF).
^ a b c d e f Menon, Ritu; Bhasin, Kamla (1998). Borders &
Boundaries: Women in India's Partition. Rutgers University Press.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sheikhupura.
Official Website of Punjab Government