Sharm El Sheikh International Airport (Arabic: مطار شرم الشيخ الدولي Maṭār Sharm El Sheikh El Dawli) (IATA: SSH, ICAO: HESH) is an international airport located in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt. It is the third-busiest airport in Egypt after Cairo International Airport and Hurghada International Airport.
The airport was opened on May 14, 1968 as an Israeli Air Force base. After the signing of the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty in 1979 and subsequent Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula, it was reopened as a civilian airport.
The largest regular aircraft using the airport was a Transaero Airlines operated Boeing 747-400. These flights transiting from Moscow ended when Transaero ceased operations in October 2015. British Airways operated the only regular scheduled Boeing 777-200ER service (from Gatwick Airport). However, this service (and others) has now ceased due to concerns over the downing of Metrojet Flight 9268 on 31 October 2015.
In 2008, the Egyptian Airports Holding Company (EAHC) announced plans to build a third new terminal at the airport. In July 2009 the Egyptian Holding Company for Airports and Air Navigation (EHCAAN) signed a contract with Spanish construction designers Pointec for the third terminal. The terminal was planned to double the airport's capacity from 7.5 to 15 million passengers per year. The project's primary costs were estimated at $350 million. The design phase was due to be completed by early 2010. International contractors then were invited for an open tender to construct the terminal which was scheduled to be completely constructed by 2015. However, as of September 2016 construction has not commenced yet.
In January 2018, it was announced that EgyptAir would open a base at the airport for its incoming fleet of Bombardier CS300s, this would increase the amount of destinations served by the airline at the airport with the possibility of operating to cities in Italy, Germany, Morocco and India non-stop
On 23 May 2007, the airport's second terminal was inaugurated with a capacity for 5 million passengers per year. The two-level, 43,000-square-metre (460,000 sq ft) terminal features 40 check-in counters and is designed to cater to a large number of international and chartered flights. It has two domestic and six international gates, all of which exit to remote stands. The terminal comprises three building components: two circular-shaped halls fused together by a wedge-shaped intermediate space dubbed 'the boat'. 'The boat' serves as a passenger transit hub housing passport control, duty-free, and VIP areas as well as cafes/restaurants. The halls, in stark textural contrast to the solid mass of 'the boat', feature airy, billowing tent-like roofs inspired by the indigenous Bedouin culture.
Although known as 'Terminal 2' this is actually the airport's original terminal building. The building underwent a complete modernisation programme in 2004 and has a passenger handling capacity of 2.5 million passengers per year. Since the auguration of Terminal 1 in 2007 most airlines have shifted operations to the new building.
In December 2016 Egyptian Airports Company announced plans to extend Terminal 2. EAC plans to expand Terminal 2 and increase its capacity by two million passengers per year, thus taking the total capacity of the airport to 9.5 million. This also includes the construction of a new runway and 40 new airsides.
|Air Arabia Egypt||Seasonal charter: Bergamo (begins 11 June 2018)|
|Air Cairo||Bari, Billund, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Katowice, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Oslo-Gardermoen, Rome-Fiumicino, Tbilisi, Warsaw–Chopin, Yerevan
Seasonal: Frankfurt, Prague
Seasonal: Bergamo (ends 6 May 2018), Verona (ends 6 May 2018)
|Air Moldova||Seasonal charter: Chișinău|
|AlMasria Universal Airlines||Cairo
Seasonal charter: Ancona, Bari, Beirut, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Rome-Fiumicino, Verona (begins 1 June 2018)
|Anda Air||Seasonal charter: Kiev–Boryspil|
|Azur Air Ukraine||Charter: Kharkiv, Kiev–Boryspil, Lviv
Seasonal charter: Odessa, Zaporizhia
|Belavia||Seasonal charter: Minsk|
|Blue Panorama Airlines||Seasonal charter: Bologna, Verona (begins 13 May 2018)|
|Bravo Airways||Seasonal charter: Chernivtsi, Kharkiv, Kherson, Kiev–Boryspil, Kryvyi Rih, Vinnytsia|
|Brussels Airlines||Seasonal: Brussels (begins 29 June 2018)|
|Danish Air Transport||Charter: Billund, Copenhagen|
|EgyptAir||Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Cairo
Seasonal charter: Bergamo (begins 24 June 2018), Yerevan (begins 5 June 2018)
operated by EgyptAir Express
|Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Cairo, Hurghada, Kuwait
Seasonal: Jeddah, Riyadh
|FlyEgypt||Seasonal charter: Beirut, Berlin-Schönefeld, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Leipzig/Halle, Nuremberg, Stuttgart|
Seasonal: Berlin-Schönefeld, Bremen (ends 27 April 2018), Dresden (ends 30 April 2018), Hamburg, Nuremberg
|Gulf Air||Bahrain (begins 16 June 2018)|
|Iraqi Airways||Seasonal charter: Baghdad|
|Jazeera Airways||Seasonal: Kuwait|
|Jordan Aviation||Seasonal: Amman–Queen Alia|
|Kuwait Airways||Seasonal: Kuwait|
|Middle East Airlines||Seasonal charter: Beirut|
Seasonal: Bologna, Verona
|Pegasus Airlines||Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen|
|Royal Jordanian||Seasonal charter: Amman–Queen Alia|
|SCAT Airlines||Seasonal charter: Aktobe, Almaty|
|Small Planet Airlines||Seasonal charter: Vilnius|
|Small Planet Airlines Germany||Seasonal charter: Hamburg, Hannover, Munich|
|Small Planet Airlines Poland||Seasonal charter: Katowice, Warsaw–Chopin|
|Smartlynx Airlines||Seasonal charter: Riga|
|Smartlynx Airlines Estonia||Seasonal charter: Tallinn|
|Travel Service Hungary||Seasonal charter: Budapest|
|Travel Service Polska||Seasonal charter: Katowice, Warsaw–Chopin|
|TUI fly Belgium||Brussels, Charleroi, Ostend-Bruges (begins 30 June 2018)|
|TUI fly Netherlands||Amsterdam|
|Ukraine International Airlines||Charter: Kiev–Boryspil
Seasonal charter: Kharkiv, Lviv, Odessa, Zaporizhia
|Windrose Airlines||Seasonal charter: Dnipro, Kharkiv, Kiev–Boryspil, Lviv, Odessa|
|Wings of Lebanon||Seasonal charter: Beirut|
|Yanair||Seasonal charter: Kiev–Boryspil, Lviv, Odessa, Zaporizhia|
Media related to Sharm El Sheikh International Airport at Wikimedia Commons