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Sharm El Sheikh International Airport (Arabic: مطار شرم الشيخ الدوليMaṭār Sharm El Sheikh El Dawli) (IATA: SSH, ICAO: HESH) is an international airport located in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt. It is the third-busiest airport in Egypt after Cairo International Airport and Hurghada International Airport.

Overview

The airport was opened on May 14, 1968 as an Israeli Air Force base. After the signing of the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty in 1979 and subsequent Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula, it was reopened as a civilian airport.

The largest regular aircraft using the airport was a Transaero Airlines operated Boeing 747-400. These flights transiting from Moscow ended when Transaero ceased operations in October 2015. British Airways operated the only regular scheduled Boeing 777-200ER service (from Gatwick Airport). However, this service (and others) has now ceased due to concerns over the downing of Metrojet Flight 9268 on 31 October 2015.

In 2008, the Egyptian Airports Holding Company (EAHC) announced plans to build a third new terminal at the airport. In July 2009 the Egyptian Holding Company for Airports and Air Navigation (EHCAAN) signed a contract with Spanish construction designers Pointec for the third terminal. The terminal was planned to double the airport's capacity from 7.5 to 15 million passengers per year. The project's primary costs were estimated at $350 million. The design phase was due to be completed by early 2010. International contractors then were invited for an open tender to construct the terminal which was scheduled to be completely constructed by 2015.[4] However, as of September 2016 construction has not commenced yet.

In January 2018, it was announced that EgyptAir would open a base at the airport for its incoming fleet of Bombardier CS300s, this would increase the amount of destinations served by the airline at the airport with the possibility of operating to cities in Italy, Germany, Morocco and India non-stop[5]

Terminals

Terminal 1

On 23 May 2007, the airport's second terminal was inaugurated with a capacity for 5 million passengers per year. The two-level, 43,000-square-metre (460,000 sq ft) terminal features 40 check-in counters and is designed to cater to a large number of international and chartered flights. It has two domestic and six international gates, all of which exit to remote stands. The terminal comprises three building components: two circular-shaped halls fused together by a wedge-shaped intermediate space dubbed 'the boat'. 'The boat' serves as a passenger transit hub housing passport control, duty-free, and VIP areas as well as cafes/restaurants. The halls, in stark textural contrast to the solid mass of 'the boat', feature airy, billowing tent-like roofs inspired by the indigenous Bedouin culture.

Terminal 2

Although known as 'Terminal 2' this is actually the airport's original terminal building. The building underwent a complete modernisation programme in 2004 and has a passenger handling capacity of 2.5 million passengers per year. Since the auguration of Terminal 1 in 2007 most airlines have shifted operations to the new building.

In December 2016 Egyptian Airports Company announced plans to extend Terminal 2. EAC plans to expand Terminal 2 and increase its capacity by two million passengers per year, thus taking the total capacity of the airport to 9.5 million. This also includes the construction of a new runway and 40 new airsides.[6]

Airlines and destinations

Departure hall at Sharm El Sheikh International Airport
Control tower at Sharm El Sheikh International Airport
Airlines Destinations
Air Arabia Egypt Seasonal charter: Bergamo (begins 11 June 2018)[7]
Air Cairo Bari, Billund, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Katowice, Milan–Malpensa, Naples,[8] Oslo-Gardermoen, Rome-Fiumicino, Tbilisi, Warsaw–Chopin, Yerevan
Seasonal: Frankfurt, Prague
Air Italy Milan–Malpensa
Seasonal: Bergamo (ends 6 May 2018), Verona (ends 6 May 2018)[9]
Air Moldova Seasonal charter: Chișinău[10]
AlMasria Universal Airlines Cairo
Seasonal charter: Ancona, Bari,[11] Beirut, Milan–Malpensa, Naples,[11] Rome-Fiumicino, Verona (begins 1 June 2018)[12]
Anda Air Seasonal charter: Kiev–Boryspil[13]
Azur Air Ukraine Charter: Kharkiv,[14] Kiev–Boryspil,[14] Lviv[14]
Seasonal charter: Odessa,[14] Zaporizhia[14]
Belavia Seasonal charter: Minsk[15]
Blue Panorama Airlines Seasonal charter: Bologna,[16] Verona (begins 13 May 2018)[17]
Bravo Airways Seasonal charter: Chernivtsi, Kharkiv,[18] Kherson,[18] Kiev–Boryspil,[18] Kryvyi Rih,[18] Vinnytsia[18]
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels (begins 29 June 2018)
Danish Air Transport Charter: Billund,[19] Copenhagen[19]
EgyptAir Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Cairo
Seasonal charter: Bergamo (begins 24 June 2018),[7] Yerevan (begins 5 June 2018)[20]
EgyptAir
operated by EgyptAir Express
Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Cairo, Hurghada, Kuwait
Seasonal: Jeddah, Riyadh
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Beirut, Berlin-Schönefeld,[21] Düsseldorf,[21] Frankfurt,[21] Leipzig/Halle,[21] Nuremberg,[21] Stuttgart[21]
Flynas Jeddah, Riyadh[22]
Germania Düsseldorf, Munich
Seasonal: Berlin-Schönefeld, Bremen (ends 27 April 2018), Dresden (ends 30 April 2018), Hamburg, Nuremberg[23]
Germania Flug Zürich[23]
Gulf Air Bahrain (begins 16 June 2018)[24]
Iraqi Airways Seasonal charter: Baghdad[25]
Jazeera Airways Seasonal: Kuwait[26]
Jordan Aviation Seasonal: Amman–Queen Alia
Kuwait Airways Seasonal: Kuwait
Middle East Airlines Seasonal charter: Beirut[27]
Nile Air Cairo[28]
Neos Milan–Malpensa
Seasonal: Bologna, Verona[29]
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen[30]
Royal Jordanian Seasonal charter: Amman–Queen Alia[27]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh[31]
SCAT Airlines Seasonal charter: Aktobe,[32] Almaty[33][34]
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius[35]
Small Planet Airlines Germany Seasonal charter: Hamburg,[21][35] Hannover,[21][35] Munich[21][35]
Small Planet Airlines Poland Seasonal charter: Katowice,[35] Warsaw–Chopin[35]
Smartlynx Airlines Seasonal charter: Riga[36]
Smartlynx Airlines Estonia Seasonal charter: Tallinn[36]
Travel Service Hungary Seasonal charter: Budapest[27]
Travel Service Polska Seasonal charter: Katowice,[27] Warsaw–Chopin[27]
TUI fly Belgium Brussels, Charleroi, Ostend-Bruges (begins 30 June 2018)[37]
TUI fly Netherlands Amsterdam
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk[38]
Ukraine International Airlines Charter: Kiev–Boryspil
Seasonal charter: Kharkiv, Lviv, Odessa, Zaporizhia[39]
Windrose Airlines Seasonal charter: Dnipro, Kharkiv, Kiev–Boryspil, Lviv,[40] Odessa[41]
Wings of Lebanon Seasonal charter: Beirut[42]
Yanair Seasonal charter: Kiev–Boryspil,[43] Lviv, Odessa, Zaporizhia

Accidents and incidents

  • On January 3, 2004, Flash Airlines Flight 604, en route to Cairo and then Paris as its final destination, crashed in the Red Sea shortly after taking off from Sharm El Sheikh, killing all 148 people on board. Causes for the accident include pilot error and instrument failure, but investigators have been unable to reach a consensus.
  • On August 23, 2015, Thomson Airways Flight 476, approaching Sharm El Sheikh at the end of a flight from London Stansted Airport with 189 passengers aboard, took evasive action to avoid a missile traveling toward it; the missile missed the airliner by about 1,000 feet (300 meters), and the plane landed safely. An investigation concluded that the missile was an Egyptian armed forces missile that had strayed from a military exercise.[44]
  • On October 31, 2015, Metrojet Flight 9268, en route from Sharm El Sheikh to St. Petersburg, Russia, crashed in the Sinai Peninsula between Nekhel and Housna, killing all 224 people on board, most of them Russian tourists. The jihadist group ISIL, at war with Russian forces in nearby Syria, quickly claimed responsibility for the crash, which was believed by western governments to be the result of a terrorist bombing. Russian investigators confirmed in mid-November that the flight was bombed; the investigation is still ongoing.[45] Following these events, many countries ordered all flights to Sharm El Sheikh suspended until further notice. The security at Sharm El Sheikh is currently considered dangerously lax. Airport staff have been seen taking cash from passengers to let weapons and drugs through or to let passengers skip queues despite the bomb threat.[45][46]

See also

References

  1. ^ "A-Z World Airports Online - Egypt airports - Sharm El Sheikh International Airport (SSH/HESH)". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Airport information for HESH at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  3. ^ Airport information for SSH at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  4. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh International Airport". Retrieved 6 November 2015. 
  5. ^ https://www.ch-aviation.com/portal/news/63792-egyptair-express-eyes-sharm-el-sheikh-base-with-cs300s
  6. ^ Dey, Paromita. "Egypt: Tender for Sharm El-Sheikh airport works - ConstructionWeekOnline.com". www.constructionweekonline.com. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "TOUR OPERATOR TIMETABLE". milanbergamoairport.it. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  8. ^ "Air Cairo adds Sharm el Sheikh – Naples route in 1Q18". routesonline.com. 27 December 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017. 
  9. ^ "Check Meridiana fly flight Timetable and book it on our website". www.meridiana.it. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  10. ^ http://www.airport.md/full-flight-schedule-en/
  11. ^ a b "Flight Only". balkanexpress.it. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  12. ^ "Flights schedule". aeroportoverona.it. Retrieved 2018-03-21. 
  13. ^ "Schedule". anda-air.aero. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  14. ^ a b c d e "Flights map". azurair.ua. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  15. ^ "Belavia resumes charter flights to Sharm el-Sheikh". 20 April 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  16. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt". bologna-airport.it. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  17. ^ "Flights schedule". aeroportoverona.it. Retrieved 2018-03-21. 
  18. ^ a b c d e "Schedule" (PDF). iev.aero. 29 October 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  19. ^ a b "Sharm El Sheikh". atlantisrejser.dk. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  20. ^ "EGYPTAIR plans Armenia charters in S18". routesonline.com. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Timetable". tuifly.com. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  22. ^ "Route map". flynas.com. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  23. ^ a b "Book cheap flights". flygermania.com. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 
  24. ^ "Gulf Air expands S18 network". Routesonline. 26 February 2018. Retrieved 26 February 2018. 
  25. ^ "Iraqi Airways IA194". flightera.net. Retrieved 18 March 2018. 
  26. ^ "Flight Schedule". jazeeraairways.com. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 
  27. ^ a b c d e "Sharm el-Sheikh (SSH) flight index". flightmapper.net. 2 April 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2018. 
  28. ^ "Route map". nileair.com. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  29. ^ s.r.l., Maxxcom. "Voli Low Cost & Voli Last Minute con Neos Air". www.neosair.it. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  30. ^ "Pegasus Adds New Egyptian Service from late-Oct 2014". airlineroute.net. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  31. ^ "Flight Schedule". saudia.com. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 
  32. ^ http://www.airport-aktobe.kz/
  33. ^ http://www.alaport.com/en/yschedule.html
  34. ^ http://b2c.anextour.com/page/142/aviaperelety
  35. ^ a b c d e f "Timetable". smallplanet.aero. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  36. ^ a b "My flight". smartlynx.aero. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  37. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh". tuifly.be. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  38. ^ "THY Şarm El Şeyh'e yeniden başlıyor". Airporthaber.com. 9 August 2016. 
  39. ^ "Charter flights timetable". flyuia.com. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  40. ^ Liu, Jim (20 November 2017). "WindRose adds Lviv – Sharm el Sheikh service in W17". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 November 2017. 
  41. ^ "Destinations". 18 July 2017. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 
  42. ^ http://www.nakhalonline.com/defaultnakhal.aspx
  43. ^ https://www.aerobilet.net/
  44. ^ "Rocket 'attack' on UK tour jet above Sharm El Sheikh". Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  45. ^ a b News, ABC. "International News: Latest Headlines, Video and Photographs from Around the World -- People, Places, Crisis, Conflict, Culture, Change, Analysis and Trends". ABC News. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  46. ^ "Security staff 'played Candy Crush, smoked and SLEPT on duty'". Retrieved 30 May 2017. 

External links

Media related to Sharm El Sheikh International Airport at Wikimedia Commons