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In financial markets, a share is a unit used as mutual funds, limited partnerships, and real estate investment trusts.[1] The owner of shares in the company is a shareholder (or stockholder) of the corporation.[2] A share is an indivisible unit of capital, expressing the ownership relationship between the company and the shareholder. The denominated value of a share is its face value, and the total of the face value of issued shares represent the capital of a company,[3] which may not reflect the market value of those shares.

The income received from the ownership of shares is a dividend. The process of purchasing and selling shares often involves going through a stockbroker as a middle man.[4] There are different types of shares such as equity shares, preference shares, bonus shares, right shares, and employees stock option plan shares.

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