The Info List - Shangchuan Island

Shangchuan Island
Shangchuan Island
(Chinese: 上川岛; pinyin: Shàngchuāndǎo[1]) is the main island of Chuanshan Archipelago on the southern coast of Guangdong, China. Its name originated from São João ("Saint John" in Portuguese). Administratively, it is a part of Chuandao (川岛镇), Taishan. Located 14 km from the mainland, it is the largest island in Guangdong, after Hainan
Island was carved out of the province in 1988. The area of the island is 139.87 sqm, and has a population of 16,320. It is known in history for having been the place of death of St. Francis Xavier. Nowadays, it is a popular tourist site in Guangdong.


1 History 2 Geography 3 Economy 4 Transportation 5 See also 6 Notes and references 7 External links

7.1 General 7.2 Maps 7.3 Francis Xavier
Francis Xavier


Painting of the death of St. Francis Xavier
Francis Xavier
by Francisco Goya.

Shangchuan Island
Shangchuan Island
was one of the first bases established by the Portuguese off the China
coast, during the 16th century. They abandoned this base after the Chinese government gave consent for a permanent and official Portuguese trade base at Macau
in 1557. The Spanish (Navarre) Jesuit missionary St. Francis Xavier
Francis Xavier
died on the island on December 3, 1552, as he was waiting for a ship to take him to mainland China. Geography[edit] The island has been isolated from the mainland since the last ice age. It is located near Xiachuan
Island, which lies west of Shangchuan. The two islands, together with smaller islets, form Chuanshan Archipelago. Shangshuan Island has an area of 137.3 km² and a 217 km coastline.

Dalangwan Shadi (沙堤), a fishing port on the southwestern coast

Economy[edit] Shangchuan and Xiachuan
have been established as a Tourism Open Integrated Experimental Zone (旅游开发综合试验区, pinyin: lǚyóu kāifā zōnghé shìyàn qū). Feisha Beach Resort (飞沙滩旅游区) is a commercial tourist resort located on the island's eastern shore. Transportation[edit] Shangchuan Island
Shangchuan Island
is linked by ferry to Guanghai, Haiyan (Shanju) and Xiachuan
Island. See also[edit]

Chuanshan Archipelago Tamão, Lampacau, Shuangyu List of islands of the People's Republic of China List of islands in the South China

Notes and references[edit]

^ also known as "Schangschwan", "Sancian", "Sanchão", "Chang-Chuang" or "St. John's Island"

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shangchuan Island.


Stuckey, Peter; Bailey, Chris (2002). "Visiting St. John's Island" (PDF). Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch. 42: 435–448. ISSN 1991-7295.  Satellite view on Google Maps Website about Shangchuan (in Chinese) (in English) Shangchuan on taishan.com (in English) on tsinfo.com.cn (in English) Pictures of the island (click on the links on the left to view more)


Old map

Francis Xavier
Francis Xavier

Picture of Shangchuan island. The chapel marks the location of Francis Xavier's death Another picture of the chapel Satellite view of the chapel

Coordinates: 21°39′55″N 112°47′44″E / 21.66528°N 112.79556°E / 21.66528; 112.79556

v t e

Islands of Guangdong

Changzhou Island Chuanshan Archipelago

Shangchuan Island Xiachuan

Datansha Er Sha Island Guanzhou Haixinsha Island (Haizhu District) Haixinsha Island (Tianhe District) Haizhu District Hengqin New Area Jinshazhou Luoxi Island Nanpu Island Nansha Island Nei Lingding Island Pazhou Pratas Islands Shamian Island Wanshan Archipelago Xiaoguwei Zhon