Seminary, school of theology, theological seminary, and divinity
school are educational institutions for educating students (sometimes
called seminarians) in theology, generally to prepare them for
ordination as clergy, academia, or ministry. The English word is
taken from the Latin seminarium, translated as seed-bed, an image
taken from the
Council of Trent
Council of Trent document Cum adolescentium aetas which
called for the first modern seminaries. In the West, the term now
refers to Roman Catholic educational institutes and has widened to
include other Christian denominations and American Jewish
2 Accreditation and recognition
3 Other uses of the term
4 See also
6 External links
The establishment of modern seminaries resulted from Roman Catholic
reforms of the
Counter-Reformation after the Council of Trent. The
Tridentine seminaries placed great emphasis on personal discipline as
well as the teaching of philosophy as a preparation for theology.
Accreditation and recognition
In North America, four entities that accredit religious schools in
particular are recognized by the United States Department of Education
and the Council for Higher Education Accreditation: Association of
Advanced Rabbinical and Talmudic Schools, Association for Biblical
Higher Education, Association of Theological Schools in the United
States and Canada, and Transnational Association of Christian Colleges
Other uses of the term
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints sponsors religious
education programs for secondary school students which are referred to
In general use, a seminary can be a secular institution, or part of an
institution, designated for specialized training, e.g. a graduate
course. It has occasionally been used for military academies,
though this use is not well attested after the nineteenth century.
In some countries, the term seminary is also used for secular schools
of higher education that train teachers; in the nineteenth century,
many female seminaries were established in the United States.
List of Roman Catholic seminaries
^ "Seminary". Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. Archived from the
original on 2014-12-26. Retrieved 2014-12-01.
^ XXIII Session, Council of Trent, ch. XVIII. Retrieved from J.
Waterworth, ed. (1848). The Canons and Decrees of the Sacred and
Oecumenical Council of Trent. London: Dolman. pp. 170–92.
Retrieved June 16, 2009.
^ a b c "Seminary, n.1".
Oxford English Dictionary
Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed.).
1989. access-date= requires url= (help)
^ "History". The Jewish Theological Seminary. Retrieved April 15,
^ Glazier, Michael; Hellwig, Monika, eds. (2004). "Ecumenical Councils
to Trent". The Modern Catholic Encyclopedia. Collegeville, MI:
Liturgical Press. p. 263. ISBN 978-0-8146-5962-5.
^ Rose, Michael S. (2002). Goodbye, Good Men. Regnery Publishing.
pp. 217–25. ISBN 0-89526-144-8.
^ "Accreditation in the United States: Specialized Accreditation
Agencies". U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved October 23,
^ "The Rise of Women's Colleges, Coeducation". The Women's College
Coalition. Retrieved June 24, 2011.
The dictionary definition of seminary at Wiktionary
Graves, Charles (1920). "Education, Theological". Encyclopedia