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The Second Serbian Uprising
Second Serbian Uprising
(1815–1817) was the second phase of the Serbian Revolution
Serbian Revolution
against the Ottoman Empire, which erupted shortly after the re-annexation of the country to the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
in 1813. The occupation was enforced following the defeat of the First Serbian Uprising (1804–1813), during which Serbia
Serbia
existed as a de facto independent state for over a decade. The second revolution ultimately resulted in Serbian semi-independence from the Ottoman Empire. The Principality of Serbia
Principality of Serbia
was established, governed by its own parliament, constitution and royal dynasty. De jure independence followed during the second half of the 19th century.

Contents

1 Background 2 Uprising 3 Aftermath 4 See also 5 References 6 Sources 7 External links

Background[edit] The First Serbian Uprising
First Serbian Uprising
managed to liberate the country for a significant time (1804-1813) from Ottoman Empire; for the first time in three centuries, Serbs
Serbs
governed themselves without the supremacy of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
or Habsburg Austria. After the failure of the First Serbian Uprising 1813, most commanders escaped to the Habsburg Monarchy; /Karađorđe Petrović, leader of the First Serbian Uprising, escaped with his family too/ Only a few commanders Miloš Obrenović, Stanoje Glavaš
Stanoje Glavaš
ect. remained in Serbia
Serbia
trying by one specific diplomatic way to protect and share the destiny of the local people.

The Uprising at Takovo, by Vinzenz Katzler, 1882

Miloš Obrenović
Miloš Obrenović
surrendered to the Ottoman Turks and received the title of "obor-knez" ("senior leader"). Stanoje Glavaš
Stanoje Glavaš
also surrendered to the Turks and was made a supervisor of a road, but the Turks killed him after they became suspicious of him. Hadži Prodan Gligorijević knew the Turks would arrest him and so declared an uprising in 1814, but Obrenović
Obrenović
felt the time was not right for an uprising and did not provide assistance. Hadži Prodan's Uprising soon failed and he fled to Austria. After the failure of this revolt, the Turks inflicted more persecution against the Serbs, such as high taxation, forced labor, and rape. In March 1815, Serbs
Serbs
had several meetings and decided upon a new revolt. Uprising[edit]

The Uprising at Takovo
The Uprising at Takovo
, by Đura Jakšić, 1876–78

The national council proclaimed open revolt against the Ottoman Empire in Takovo
Takovo
on 23 April 1815. Miloš Obrenović
Miloš Obrenović
was chosen as the leader and famously spoke, "Here I am, here you are. War to the Turks!" When the Ottomans discovered the new revolt they sentenced all of its leaders to death. The Serbs
Serbs
fought in battles at Ljubić, Čačak, Palež, Požarevac
Požarevac
and Dublje and drove the Ottomans out of the Pashaluk of Belgrade. In mid-1815, the first negotiations began between Miloš Obrenović and Marashli Ali Pasha, the Ottoman governor. Miloš Obrenović managed to get a form of partial autonomy for Serbs, and, in 1816, the Turkish Porte signed several documents for the normalization of relations between Serbs
Serbs
and Turks. The result was the acknowledgment of the Principality of Serbia
Principality of Serbia
by the Ottoman Empire. Miloš Obrenović received the title of Prince of Serbia. Although the principality paid a yearly tax to the Porte and had a garrison of Turkish troops in Belgrade until 1867, it was, in most other matters, an independent state. Under the grandson of Miloš's brother, Milan, Serbia
Serbia
gained formal independence in 1878 under the Treaty of Berlin. In 1817, Miloš Obrenović
Miloš Obrenović
succeeded in forcing Marashli Ali Pasha to negotiate an unwritten agreement, an act which effectively ended the Second Serbian uprising. The same year, Karađorđe, the leader of the First Uprising, returned to Serbia
Serbia
and was assassinated. Aftermath[edit] Serbia's semi-independence was reaffirmed by a Ferman
Ferman
from the Porte in 1830, and in 1835 the first constitution in the Balkans
Balkans
was written in the Principality of Serbia. It introduced the Serbian Parliament
Serbian Parliament
on the regular basis and established the Obrenović
Obrenović
dynasty as the legal heir to the throne of Serbia. It also described Serbia
Serbia
as an independent parliamentary Principality, which outraged the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg monarchy. See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Second Serbian Uprising.

History of the Serbian-Turkish wars

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Protić, K. S. "Ратни догађаји из другог српског устанка 1815. год".  Batalaka, Lazar (1899). "Историја српског устанка II" (in Serbian). Belgrade: Kingdom of Serbia. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Second Serbian Uprising
Second Serbian Uprising
at Wikimedia Commons John R. Lampe: Yugoslavia as History - Twice there was a Country, Cambridge University Press, 1996.

v t e

Serb rebellions

Ottoman territories (Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro)

during Long Turkish War
Long Turkish War
(1593–1606)

Banat Uprising (1594) Peć Uprising (1594) Serb Uprising of 1596–97

1603 1604 1609 1611 1613 Brda 1633–39 during Cretan War (1645–69)

Brda 1658–

during Great Turkish War
Great Turkish War
(1683–99)

Arsenije III Čarnojević's Revolts 1694

Kuči Revolt Montenegrin Uprising (1709–10) Uprising in Vučitrn (1717) Serb Uprising of 1737–39 1768–74 Koča's Revolt (1788) First Serbian Uprising
First Serbian Uprising
(1804–13) Jančić's Rebellion (1809) Vlasotince Uprising (1809) Hadži-Prodan's Rebellion
Hadži-Prodan's Rebellion
(1814) Second Serbian Uprising
Second Serbian Uprising
(1815) Belgrade Revolt (1817) Demir-Mićić Revolt (1819) Vlasotince Uprising (1821) Niš Rebellion (1821) Priest Jovica's Rebellion (1834) Second Mašići Rebellion (1834) Niš rebellion (1835) Pirot Rebellion
Pirot Rebellion
(1836) Niš Rebellion (1841) Leskovac–Vranje Rebellion (1842) Zvornik–Bijeljina Plot (1847–48) Bjelopavlići–Piperi Rebellion (1854) Drobnjaci Rebellion (1855) Kuči Rebellion (1856) Pecija's First Revolt
Pecija's First Revolt
(1858) Prota's Revolt (1858) Vlasotince Uprising (1860) Herzegovina Uprising (1852–62) Trebava Rebellion Herzegovina Uprising (1875–78) Javor Rebellion (1876) Topola Rebellion (1877) Uprising in Vlasotince and Leskovac (1877) Raonič Revolt Kumanovo Uprising
Kumanovo Uprising
(1878) Brsjak Revolt (1881) Action in Macedonia (1903–08)

Habsburg territories (Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia)

1623 1631 1632 1658 Stefan Osmokruhović's Revolt (1665–66) 1672 1693–97 1700 1706 1714 1718 1719 1723 1727 1728 1730 1735

Posavska Krajina Rebellion Podunavska Krajina Rebellion Pomorišje Uprising

1736 1739 1743 1748 1751–58 Petar Ljubojević's Revolt (1754–55) 1777 Tican's Rebellion
Tican's Rebellion
(1807) Kruščica Rebellion (1808) Serb Uprising (1848–49) Krivošije Uprising
Krivošije Uprising
(1869) 1870 Herzegovina Uprising (1881–82) 1883

Venetian Dalmatia (Croatia)

Kuridža's Rebellion
Kuridža's Rebellion
(1704)

See also: Serbian revolutionary organisations, Military histo

.