HOME
        TheInfoList



thumb|right|400px|Signatories to the Second Optional Protocol to the ICCPR: parties in dark green, signatories in light green, non-members in grey The Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty is a side agreement to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. It was created on 15 December 1989 and entered into force on 11 July 1991. As of January 2021, the Optional Protocol has 89 states parties. In addition, Armenia has signed, but not ratified the Protocol. The Optional Protocol commits its members to the abolition of the death penalty within their borders, though Article 2.1 allows parties to make a reservation allowing execution "in time of war pursuant to a conviction for a most serious crime of a military nature committed during wartime".http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/b5ccprp2.htm (Brazil, Chile, El Salvador). Cyprus, Malta and Spain initially made such reservations, and subsequently withdrew them. Azerbaijan and Greece still retain this reservation on their implementation of the protocol, despite both having banned the death penalty in all circumstances. (Greece has also ratifie
Protocol no.13
.


See also

* First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights * Use of capital punishment by nation * List of most recent executions by jurisdiction

References



External links


Text of the Protocol

List of parties
{{DEFAULTSORT:Civil and Political Rights Covenant Protocol 2 Category:Human rights instruments Category:United Nations treaties Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Category:Treaties of Albania Category:Treaties of Andorra Category:Treaties of Argentina Category:Treaties of Australia Category:Treaties of Austria Category:Treaties of Azerbaijan Category:Treaties of Belgium Category:Treaties of Benin Category:Treaties of Bolivia Category:Treaties of Bosnia and Herzegovina Category:Treaties of Brazil Category:Treaties of Bulgaria Category:Treaties of Canada Category:Treaties of Cape Verde Category:Treaties of Chile Category:Treaties of Colombia Category:Treaties of Costa Rica Category:Treaties of Croatia Category:Treaties of Cyprus Category:Treaties of the Czech Republic Category:Treaties of Denmark Category:Treaties of Djibouti Category:Treaties of the Dominican Republic Category:Treaties of Ecuador Category:Treaties of El Salvador Category:Treaties of Estonia Category:Treaties of Finland Category:Treaties of France Category:Treaties of Gabon Category:Treaties of the Gambia Category:Treaties of Georgia (country) Category:Treaties of East Germany Category:Treaties of West Germany Category:Treaties of Greece Category:Treaties of Guinea-Bissau Category:Treaties of Honduras Category:Treaties of Hungary Category:Treaties of Iceland Category:Treaties of Ireland Category:Treaties of Italy Category:Treaties of Kyrgyzstan Category:Treaties of Latvia Category:Treaties of Liberia Category:Treaties of Liechtenstein Category:Treaties of Lithuania Category:Treaties of Luxembourg Category:Treaties of Malta Category:Treaties of Mexico Category:Treaties of Monaco Category:Treaties of Mongolia Category:Treaties of Montenegro Category:Treaties of Mozambique Category:Treaties of Namibia Category:Treaties of Nepal Category:Treaties of the Netherlands Category:Treaties of New Zealand Category:Treaties of Nicaragua Category:Treaties of Norway Category:Treaties of Panama Category:Treaties of Paraguay Category:Treaties of the Philippines Category:Treaties of Poland Category:Treaties of Portugal Category:Treaties of Moldova Category:Treaties of Romania Category:Treaties of Rwanda Category:Treaties of San Marino Category:Treaties of Serbia and Montenegro Category:Treaties of Seychelles Category:Treaties of Slovakia Category:Treaties of Slovenia Category:Treaties of South Africa Category:Treaties of Spain Category:Treaties of Sweden Category:Treaties of Switzerland Category:Treaties of North Macedonia Category:Treaties of East Timor Category:Treaties of Togo Category:Treaties of Turkey Category:Treaties of Turkmenistan Category:Treaties of Ukraine Category:Treaties of the United Kingdom Category:Treaties of Uruguay Category:Treaties of Uzbekistan Category:Treaties of Venezuela Category:1989 politics in New York (state) Category:Treaties adopted by United Nations General Assembly resolutions Category:Treaties extended to the Netherlands Antilles Category:Treaties extended to Aruba Category:Treaties extended to the Faroe Islands Category:Treaties extended to Greenland pl:Międzynarodowy Pakt Praw Obywatelskich i Politycznych#Drugi Protokół Fakultatywny