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Sebastian Pietro Innocenzo Adhemar Ziani de Ferranti
Ferranti
(9 April 1864 – 13 January 1930) was a British electrical engineer and inventor.

Contents

1 Personal life 2 Professional career 3 Patents 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

Personal life[edit] Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti
Ferranti
was born in Liverpool, England. His Italian father, Cesare, was a photographer (son of composer Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti) and his mother Juliana de Ferranti
Ferranti
(née Scott) was a concert pianist. He was educated at Hampstead School, London; St. Augustine's College, Westgate-on-Sea; and University College London. He married Gertrude Ruth Ince on 24 April 1888 and they had seven children together. Ferranti
Ferranti
died on 13 January 1930 in Zurich, Switzerland. He was buried in the same grave as his parents and his daughter Yolanda at Hampstead Cemetery, London. His grandson, Basil de Ferranti, was a Conservative politician who represented Morecambe and Lunesdale in the late fifties and early sixties. Professional career[edit]

Blue Plaque (Liverpool)

Ferranti
Ferranti
showed a remarkable talent for electrical engineering from his childhood. His first invention, at the age of 13, was an arc light for street lighting. Reportedly, around the age of 16, he built an electrical generator (that had a "Zig-zag armature") with the help of William Thomson (the future Lord Kelvin) and later patented the device (called the " Ferranti
Ferranti
Dynamo"). He worked for Siemens Brothers
Siemens Brothers
at Charlton, London, and in 1882 he set up shop in London designing various electrical devices as the firm Ferranti, Thompson and Ince. In the late 1880s, there was a debate within the industry about the transmission of electrical power, known as the War of the Currents. Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
supported a direct current (DC) based system, largely due to his holding many key patents and having set up some power plants supplying DC power. The rival Westinghouse Electric Corporation supported an alternating current (AC) system. Ferranti
Ferranti
bet on AC early on, and was one of the few experts in this system in the UK. In 1887, the London Electric Supply Corporation (LESCo) hired Ferranti
Ferranti
for the design of their power station at Deptford. He designed the building, the generating plant and the distribution system. On its completion in 1891, it was the first truly modern power station, supplying high-voltage AC power that was then "stepped down" for consumer use on each street. This basic system remains in use today around the world. One of the remaining supports of the generating hall of Deptford
Deptford
Power Station forms the frame of the sign at the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester
Manchester
UK, home of the Ferranti
Ferranti
Archives. S. Z. de Ferranti, the company set up by Ferranti
Ferranti
in 1885 with Francis Ince and Charles Sparks as partners, became S. Z de Ferranti
Ferranti
Ltd in 1890 and Ferranti
Ferranti
Ltd in 1900, after resignation of Ince and Sparks. Ferranti
Ferranti
Ltd would outlive its founder and develop the Ferranti
Ferranti
Mark 1, the world's first commercially available general-purpose computer, in 1951. Sebastian de Ferranti
Ferranti
was President of the Institution of Electrical Engineers in 1910 and 1911, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1927. He received an honorary doctorate from the University of Manchester
Manchester
in 1912. Ferranti
Ferranti
was actively involved in the formation of the British Electrical and Allied Manufacturers Association (BEAMA) in 1911 and its first chairman, to 1913.[1] In 1932, the London Power Company
London Power Company
commemorated Sebastian de Ferranti by naming a new 1,315 GRT coastal collier SS Ferranti.[2] Patents[edit]

"U.S. Patent 341,097 Unipolar dynamo electric machine".

See also[edit]

Vincent Ziani de Ferranti
Ferranti
(son) Basil de Ferranti
Basil de Ferranti
(grandson) Valerie Hunter Gordon
Valerie Hunter Gordon
(granddaughter) Ferranti
Ferranti
effect

References[edit]

^ J. F. Wilson, Ferranti
Ferranti
and the British Electrical Industry, 1864–1930. Manchester
Manchester
University Press, 1988.[1] ^ Anderson, James B (2008). Sommerville, Iain, ed. "Ships built by the Burntisland Shipbuilding Company Ltd: arranged by date of launch". Welcome to Burntisland. Iain Sommerville. Retrieved 16 June 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

The Life and Letters of Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti
Ferranti
by Gertrude Ziani de Ferranti
Ferranti
and Richard Ince (OCLC 395772); published 1934 by Williams & Norgate, Ltd. Centenary of Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti, D.Sc.,F.R.S., born 9 April 1864: Founder of Ferranti, Ltd.,1882; published 1964 by Ferranti (ASIN B0000CM9N3).

External links[edit]

Institution of Engineering and Technology Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti
Ferranti
at Find a Grave

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 50023970 LCCN: n87944252 ISNI: 0000 0001 2210 903X GND: 118897500 SUDOC: 142504319 BNF:

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