1 In venues
2 In restaurants
An aerial view of the
Melbourne Cricket Ground
Safety is a primary concern in determining the seating capacity of a
venue: "Seating capacity, seating layouts and densities are largely
dictated by legal requirements for the safe evacuation of the
occupants in the event of fire". The International Building Code
specifies, "In places of assembly, the seats shall be securely
fastened to the floor" but provides exceptions if the total number of
seats is fewer than 100, if there is a substantial amount of space
available between seats or if the seats are at tables. It also
delineates the number of available exits for interior balconies and
galleries based on the seating capacity, and sets forth the number
of required wheelchair spaces in a table derived from the seating
capacity of the space.
The International Fire Code, portions of which have been adopted by
many jurisdictions, is directed more towards the use of a facility
than the construction. It specifies, "For areas having fixed seating
without dividing arms, the occupant load shall not be less than the
number of seats based on one person for each 18 inches (457 mm) of
seating length". It also requires that every public venue submit a
detailed site plan to the local fire code official, including "details
of the means of egress, seating capacity, [and] arrangement of the
Once safety considerations have been satisfied, determinations of
seating capacity turn on the total size of the venue, and its purpose.
For sports venues, the "decision on maximum seating capacity is
determined by several factors. Chief among these are the primary
sports program and the size of the market area". In motion picture
venues, the "limit of seating capacity is determined by the maximal
viewing distance for a given size of screen", with image quality for
closer viewers declining as the screen is expanded to accommodate more
All-seater stadium List of stadiums by capacity List of football (soccer) stadiums by capacity List of American football stadiums by capacity List of rugby league stadiums by capacity List of rugby union stadiums by capacity List of tennis stadiums by capacity Seating assignment
^ "Statistical Advance: Analyzing the Brantley Gilbert Big Machine
Brickyard 400". ESPN. July 18, 2017.
^ Fred R. Lawson, Conference, Convention, and Exhibit Facilities
(1981), p. 137.
International Building Code (2006), 1025.12 Seat stability.
International Building Code (2006), 1025.5 Interior balcony and
gallery means of egress.
International Building Code (2006), 1188.8.131.52 General seating,
^ International Fire Code (2006), 1004.7 Fixed seating.
^ International Fire Code (2006), 1701.4 Site Plans.
^ Joseph A. Wilkes, Robert T. Packard, Encyclopedia of Architecture:
Design, Engineering & Construction, Vol. 4 (1989), p. 558.
^ Society of Motion Picture Engineers, Journal of the Society of
Motion Picture Engineers, Vol. 26 (1936), p. 130.
^ a b c Charles Grippo, The Stage Producer's Business and