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Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
/ˈskʌnθɔːrp/ is a town in Lincolnshire, England. It is the administrative centre of the North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
unitary authority, and had an estimated total resident population of 65,163 according to the 2011 census. A predominantly industrial town, Scunthorpe, the United Kingdom's largest steel processing centre, is also known as the "Industrial Garden Town".[2][3] It is the third largest settlement in Lincolnshire, after Lincoln and Grimsby. The Member of Parliament for Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
is Nic Dakin
Nic Dakin
(Labour).

Contents

1 History

1.1 Etymology

2 Geology 3 Government

3.1 Civic history 3.2 Coat of arms

4 Geography

4.1 Climate

5 Economy

5.1 Steel industry 5.2 Other industries 5.3 Retail

6 Transport 7 Religion 8 Culture 9 Media and entertainment

9.1 Television 9.2 Radio 9.3 Regional news programmes 9.4 Print 9.5 Venues

10 Education

10.1 Further education

11 Law and order 12 Sport

12.1 Football 12.2 Rugby 12.3 Motorsports 12.4 Athletics

13 Internet obscenity filters 14 Notable people associated with Scunthorpe 15 Twinned municipalities 16 References 17 External links

History[edit] See also: Scunthorpe Steelworks
Scunthorpe Steelworks
§ History Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
as a town came into existence due to the exploitation of the local ironstone resources, and subsequent formation of iron works from the 1850s onwards. The regional[clarification needed] population grew from 1,245 in 1851 to 11,167 in 1901 and 45,840 in 1941. During the expansion Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
expanded to include the former villages of Scunthorpe, Bottesford, Frodingham, Crosby, Brumby and Ashby. Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
became an urban district in 1891, merged as 'Scunthorpe, Brumby and Frodingham Urban District' in 1919, and became a municipal borough in 1936.[4] Etymology[edit] The town appears in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
(1086) as Escumesthorpe, which is Old Norse for "Skuma's homestead",[5] a site which is believed to be in the town centre close to where the present-day Market Hill is located. Geology[edit]

The skyline of Scunthorpe, August 2016

Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
is located close to an outcrop of high-lime-content ironstone (~25% iron average) from a seam of the Lias Group strata which dates from the Early Jurassic
Early Jurassic
period and runs north-south through Lincolnshire. Ironstone
Ironstone
was mined by open cast methods from the 1850s onwards, and by underground mining from the late 1930s. In the 1970s the steel industry in Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
transitioned to use of ores imported from outside the UK with higher iron content. Underground mining in the area ceased in 1981. Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
was close to the epicentre (at Middle Rasen) of one of the largest earthquakes experienced in the British Isles on 27 February 2008, with a magnitude of 5.2. Significant shocks were felt in Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
and the surrounding North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
area. The main 10-second quake, which struck at 00:56 GMT at a depth of 9.6 mi (15.4 km), was the second largest recorded in the British Isles. In 1984 a quake with a magnitude of 5.4 struck north Wales. See also: Scunthorpe Steelworks
Scunthorpe Steelworks
§ Background and Geology Government[edit]

Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
within Humberside
Humberside
(1974–1996)

Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
forms an unparished area in the borough and unitary authority of North Lincolnshire.[6] The town forms six of the borough's seventeen wards, namely Ashby, Brumby, Crosby & Park, Frodingham, Kingsway with Lincoln Gardens and Town. The Scunthorpe wards elect 16 of the borough's 43 councillors. As of 2018, 26 are members of the Conservative party, and 13 are members of the Labour party.[7] The councillors form the charter trustees of the Town of Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
and they continue to elect a town mayor.[8] North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Council is based in The Civic Centre off Ashby Road (former A159) next to Festival Gardens. It opened in 1963 as the Civic Centre, and was the home of Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Borough Council until 1996. Briefly renamed Pittwood House, it was named after Edwin Pittwood, a local Labour politician, who worked in the opencast ironstone workings near Normanby Park. There are also offices at Church Square House near the Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Market. Pittwood House has since been renamed as Civic Centre due to the relocation of the Register Office from its old premises in Oswald road. Civic history[edit] See also: Municipal Borough of Scunthorpe In 1889 the area was included in the Lincolnshire, Parts of Lindsey administrative county. Separate local government began in 1890 when the Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
local board of health was formed. In 1894 the local board was replaced with an urban district council. Ten years later the neighbouring townships of Brumby and Frodingham (including Crosby) were also constituted an urban district. The two urban districts were amalgamated, along with the parish of Ashby in 1919 to form a new Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
urban district. Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
received a charter incorporating the town as a municipal borough in 1936.[9] Local authority boundary changes brought the town into the new county of Humberside
Humberside
in 1974, and a new non-metropolitan district, the Borough of Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
was formed with the same boundaries as the old municipal borough. The opening of the Humber Bridge
Humber Bridge
on 24 June 1981 provided a permanent link between North and South Humberside
Humberside
but did not secure Humberside's future. To the relief of its many detractors, the county of Humberside
Humberside
(and Humberside
Humberside
County Council) was abolished on 1 April 1996 and succeeded by four unitary authorities. The previous Humberside
Humberside
districts of Glanford
Glanford
and Scunthorpe, and that part of Boothferry district south of the northern boundaries of the parishes of Crowle, Eastoft, Luddington, Haldenby and Amcotts, now compose the unitary authority of North Lincolnshire.[6] On amalgamation charter trustees were formed for Scunthorpe,[8] and they continue to elect a town mayor.

Arms of former municipal borough of Scunthorpe

Coat of arms[edit] When Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
was incorporated as a borough in 1936, it also received a grant of a coat of arms from the College of Arms.[10] These arms were transferred to the new borough council formed in 1974,[11] and are now used by the town's charter trustees. The green shield and golden wheatsheaf recall that the area was until recently agricultural in nature. Across the centre of the shield is a length of chain. This refers to the five villages of Crosby, Scunthorpe, Frodingham, Brumby & Ashby linking together as one. At the top of the shield are two fossils of the species Gryphaea incurva. These remains of oysters, known as the "devil's toenails", were found in the rock strata from which ironstone was quarried. The crest, on top of the helm, shows a blast furnace. This is also referred to in the Latin
Latin
motto: Refulget labores nostros coelum or The heavens reflect our labours popularly attributed to the glow observed in the night sky from the steelmaking activities.[12]

Geography[edit]

Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
central park fountain

Central Park

Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
lies on an escarpment of ridged land (the Lincoln Cliff) which slopes down towards the Trent. The surrounding environs are largely low-lying hills and plains. Although the town itself is heavily industrial it is surrounded by fertile farmland and wooded areas. In terms of general location it lies a mile east of the River Trent, 8 miles (13 km) south of the Humber Estuary, 15 miles (24 km) west of the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Wolds and 25 miles (40 km) north of Lincoln. The town is situated at the terminus of the M181, 42 miles (68 km) from Sheffield. Nearby towns and cities are Hull (18 miles northeast), Doncaster
Doncaster
(20 miles west), Grimsby
Grimsby
(22 miles east) and York
York
(46 miles northwest). Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
is approximately 10 miles (16 km) west of South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
and 8 miles (13 km) north by northwest to the East Riding of Yorkshire.

Climate[edit] Like most of the United Kingdom, Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb).

Climate data for Scunthorpe

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 5.8 (42.4) 6.1 (43.0) 8.9 (48.0) 11.4 (52.5) 15.2 (59.4) 18.4 (65.1) 20.3 (68.5) 20.1 (68.2) 17.7 (63.9) 13.8 (56.8) 8.9 (48.0) 6.5 (43.7) 12.8 (55.0)

Average low °C (°F) 0.6 (33.1) 0.5 (32.9) 1.9 (35.4) 3.6 (38.5) 6.5 (43.7) 9.5 (49.1) 11.4 (52.5) 11.4 (52.5) 9.5 (49.1) 6.8 (44.2) 3.2 (37.8) 1.4 (34.5) 5.5 (41.9)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 48 (1.9) 38 (1.5) 48 (1.9) 48 (1.9) 51 (2.0) 53 (2.1) 53 (2.1) 64 (2.5) 48 (1.9) 48 (1.9) 56 (2.2) 53 (2.1) 610 (24.0)

Source: [13]

Economy[edit] Steel industry[edit] Main article: Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Steelworks

Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
steelworks (2006)

The Iron industry in Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
was established in the mid 10th century, following the discovery and exploitation of middle Lias ironstone east of Scunthorpe. Initially iron ore was exported to iron producers in South Yorkshire. Later, after the construction of the Trent, Ancholme and Grimsby
Grimsby
Railway (1860s) gave rail access to the area iron production in the area rapidly expanded using local ironstone and imported coal or coke. Rapid industrial expansion in the area led directly to the development of the town of Scunthorpe, eventually incorporating several other former hamlets and villages, located in a formerly sparsely populated entirely agricultural area. From the early 1910s to the 1930s the industry consolidated, with three main ownership concerns formed - the Appleby-Frodingham Steel Company, part of the United Steel Companies; the Redbourn Iron Works, part of Richard Thomas and Company of South Wales (later Richard Thomas and Baldwins); and John Lysaght's Normanby Iron Works, part of Guest, Keen and Nettlefolds. In 1967 all three works became part of the nationalised British Steel Corporation (BSC), leading to a period of further consolidation - from the 1970s the use of local or regional ironstone diminished, being replaced by imported ore via the Immingham
Immingham
Bulk Terminal. Both the Normanby Park and the Redbourn works closed in the early 1980s. Conversion to the Linz-Donawitz process
Linz-Donawitz process
( or "basic oxygen" process) of steel making from the open hearth process took place from the late 1960s onwards and was complete by the 1990s. Following privatisation in 1988, the company together with the rest of BSC became part of Corus (1999), later Tata Steel Europe
Tata Steel Europe
(2007). In 2016 the long products division of Tata Steel Europe
Tata Steel Europe
was sold to Greybull Capital
Greybull Capital
with Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
as the primary steel production site. As of 2012 the steel industry is the major employer in the area and the largest operator within it is Tata Steel Europe; the number employed in the industry fell from 27,000 at its height[when?] to around 4,500 (excluding outside contractors) by the mid 2010s. In addition to being a major employer the works and former ironstone workings have or have had large scale environmental effects, including air pollution and subsidence. Industries associated with the steelworks include metal engineering as well as a BOC plant. Other industries[edit] The historical predominance of the steel industry made Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
a virtual monotown; other industries in the town do exist. They include food production, distribution and retailing. North of the town next a waste management firm, Bell Waste Control, which services the majority of industry in Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
and the surrounding areas. On the Foxhills Industrial Park, north of the A1077 northern bypass, are many distribution companies, notably a large building owned by the Nisa co-operative type mutual organisation which has its UK headquarters there. Also on the Foxhills Industrial Park is a 500,000 square foot factory occupied by Wren Kitchens, employing 350 full-time workers.[14] 2 Sisters Food Group
2 Sisters Food Group
have a large chicken processing plant in the town. Key Country Foods produces meat products on an industrial scale. The Sauce Company produces sauces, soups and other foodstuffs for the catering and supermarket sectors. Ericsson Mobile Platforms
Ericsson Mobile Platforms
produces printed circuit boards for the telecommunications industry. There are a number of other firms, mostly involved in manufacturing and light engineering. In the 2001 census 19.3% of the working age population were economically inactive.[15]

Retail[edit]

High Street

Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
has two major shopping centres, effectively a single site: the Foundry Shopping Centre and the Parishes Centre. The former was constructed in the late 1960s/early 1970s during a wholesale reconstruction of the old town; the latter was constructed in the early part of the 2000s decade on the site of the town's old bus station. There are also many well known retailers on High Street.[16][17] On 6 January 2011 Marks and Spencer
Marks and Spencer
closed their High Street store after 80 years of trading in the town,[18] but a new Marks and Spencer
Marks and Spencer
store opened near the football ground in 2014. However the size of the remaining retail units reflects the size of the area's population and with larger shopping facilities within reasonable travelling distance in Grimsby, Hull, Doncaster, Lincoln, Leeds
Leeds
and at Meadowhall Centre, Sheffield
Sheffield
many locals often travel to these towns for major purchases. All the big food retailers are represented in the area; There is a Tesco Extra
Tesco Extra
opposite the football ground, while Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
(formerly a Safeway) have their store on the site of the old Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
United stadium, The Old Show Ground. Morrisons
Morrisons
have a store at the bottom of Mortal Ash Hill (known locally as "Motlash") (A18 road) at the Lakeside Retail Park, on the eastern entrance to the town, while Asda have a store on Burringham Road[19] In 2011 Asda
Asda
opened another store in the former Netto, on Charlton Street. In October 2014 Marks and Spencer's returned to the town after almost a 4-year absence. The store is housed in a purpose built location at the North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Shopping Centre, beside Glanford
Glanford
Park. Debenhams, Boots, Costa Coffee
Costa Coffee
and Subway have also opened stores at the centre. Transport[edit] Scunthorpe railway station
Scunthorpe railway station
lies on the South TransPennine
South TransPennine
Line which has trains from Manchester Airport to Cleethorpes. The town lies five miles (8 km) north of the M180. Before this motorway was opened in 1979, all the east-west goods traffic took the A18 to Grimsby. Humberside
Humberside
Airport is a short drive to the east along the M180. The town's bus station is off Fenton Street. The bus station is predominantly used by Stagecoach in Lincolnshire, that operate services within and out of the town, followed by Hornsby Travel. Religion[edit] The church of St John the Evangelist, in Church Square, was completed in 1891 and consecrated on 15 April that same year. The church was built, at a cost of £20,000 (equivalent to £2,000,000 as of 2016) on land given by Lord St Oswald. Built of Frodingham ironstone, and comprising a nave with five bays and a clerestory, a chancel, north and south aisles, two porches and a tower, it could accommodate up to 500 worshippers. It was designed by J. S. Crowther in the perpendicular style. The original striking clock was installed, in 1890 by William Potts and Sons of the Guildford Clock Works in Leeds. In 1897 quarter chimes were added. The peal of eight bells were hung in 1893, in memory of the Lord St Oswald. The organ, built in London, cost £1,000. The final church service was held on 29 April 1984[20] and the building is now an arts centre. Culture[edit]

The North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Museum

The North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Museum is on Oswald Road, near the railway station.[21] The former church of St John the Evangelist
St John the Evangelist
is now the 20–21 Visual Arts Centre.[22] The Plowright Theatre, named after Joan Plowright, is on Laneham Street (off the west end of High Street and also near the railway station). It was built in 1958 as Scunthorpe Civic Theatre.[23] The Baths Hall, reopened in 2011, a 1,700 capacity venue also hosts visiting musical and theatrical events.[24] The Scunthorpe Co-operative Junior Choir from Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
won the title of BBC Radio 3
BBC Radio 3
Choir of the Year 2008 at the Grand Finals on 7 December 2008 at the Royal Festival Hall, London. The main choir is made up of 90 members aged between 9 and 19 years whilst also having two training choirs taking children as young as 3 years old. They have made several CDs, performed numerous concerts in the area and further afield, have been subject of documentaries and are internationally renowned as having travelled the world.[25] Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
was the setting of a 2012 Cultural Olympiad
2012 Cultural Olympiad
community opera called Cycle Song, about past steel-worker and Olympic cyclist Lal White. It was composed by Tim Sutton and the librettist was Ian McMillan. The Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Co-operative Junior Choir, Proper Job Theatre Company and over a thousand locals participated.[26][27] Local people often refer to the town as “Scunny”. Media and entertainment[edit] Television[edit]

Estuary TV
Estuary TV
broadcasting via Freeview Channel 8 is part of the Government's network of local community Channels.

Radio[edit]

Viking FM
Viking FM
broadcasts on 96.9 FM from Kingston upon Hull, having some of its coverage given to North Lincolnshire, which includes Scunthorpe; Lincs FM
Lincs FM
broadcasts on 102.2FM from Lincoln, covering the whole of Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
including the Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
area. BBC Radio Humberside
Humberside
is broadcast on 95.9 FM from Kingston upon Hull, with its coverage given to the old county of Humberside, now including the East Riding of Yorkshire
East Riding of Yorkshire
and all of North & North East Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
& all Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
at certain times. Coverage often includes broadcasts of local football team Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
United; BBC Radio Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
broadcast from Lincoln, its coverage covering the entire current county of Lincolnshire.

Regional news programmes[edit]

BBC Look North broadcast by the BBC from Queen's Gardens in Kingston upon Hull with news offices in Grimsby, covering the East Riding of Yorkshire and North & North East Lincolnshire; Calendar, broadcast by ITV Yorkshire
ITV Yorkshire
from Leeds, West Yorkshire with a local crew based in nearby Grimsby, covering all of the boroughs of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire.

Print[edit] The local newspaper is the Scunthorpe Telegraph (formerly the Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Evening Telegraph) with an online version at www.scunthorpetelegraph.co.uk. Venues[edit]

The Pods

Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
has a leisure centre (The Pods) next to Pittwood House, museum, galleries, craft centres, several clubs, pubs and bars, a Vue multiplex cinema adjacent to the bus station. The Baths Hall
Baths Hall
in Doncaster
Doncaster
Road was a popular music venue, before it was closed because of the costs of bringing the building up to scratch, and dealing with industrial contamination on site. The Labour Council prevented the Baths from being demolished in 2007 and commenced a major rebuild of the venue, which has involved demolishing all but the facade of the building. The building re-opened in November 2011. Education[edit] Scunthorpe's primary schools include Berkeley Junior School, Brumby Junior School, Crosby Primary School, Frodingham Infant School, Oasis Academy Henderson Avenue, Oasis Academy Parkwood, St Augustine Webster's Catholic Voluntary Academy, St Bernadette's Catholic Primary Voluntary Academy, St Peter and St Paul CofE Primary School, Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
CofE Primary School, The Grange primary, Oakfield Primary School and Westcliffe Primary School. Secondary schools within Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
include Outwood Academy Brumby on Cemetery Road, and Outwood Academy Foxhills on Foxhills Road. Frederick Gough School is to the south of the town in Bottesford. Melior Community Academy, to the east of the town, was formed by the merger of South Leys Business & Enterprise College on Enderby Road with Thomas Sumpter School. St Bede's Catholic Voluntary Academy on Collum Avenue is the main Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
secondary school for the area, while the St Lawrence Academy on Doncaster
Doncaster
Road is a Church of England
England
secondary school; it was formerly known as High Ridge Specialist Sports College and became the town's first academy in September 2008. Engineering UTC Northern Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
opened in 2015 and is a university technical college for pupils aged 14 to 19. St Hugh's Communication and Interaction Specialist College[28] is a school for pupils aged 11–19 with moderate to complex learning needs associated with physical and social problems. Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
has two study support centres, Study United FC and Study Heslam, set up with funding from the government's Playing for Success scheme. These are based at Glanford
Glanford
Park, the home of Scunthorpe United Football Club and Heslam Park, home of Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
rugby & cricket clubs.[29] Further education[edit] John Leggott Sixth-Form College (JLC) is on West Common Lane and North Lindsey College is close by on Kingsway (A18). Law and order[edit] The area is served by Humberside
Humberside
Police. According to Home Office
Home Office
data the area has crime rates higher than the national average, especially in the categories of violence against the person, sexual offences, burglary and theft of motor vehicles.[30] Sport[edit] Football[edit]

Glanford
Glanford
Park

The town has a Football League
Football League
club, Scunthorpe United
Scunthorpe United
(nicknamed "The Iron") who play at Glanford
Glanford
Park. For most of its existence in the professional game (since only 1950) it has been in the basement league of the English game. At the end of the 2006–7 season they won promotion to the Football League
Football League
Championship as champions of League One, amassing a total of 91 points, being promoted at home to Huddersfield Town: having been top since January: despite being outsiders for a considerable amount of that time, and being promoted with 3 games to spare. This being the first time they have played at this level for 44 years. This was to last just one season as the club were relegated on 12 April 2008, with three games to spare, away to Crystal Palace. However, they returned to the Championship after one season, winning the League One playoffs in May 2009.[31] In the last financial year for which accounts are available (the year ending June 2009) the club made a loss of over £1,500,000 with turnover down by over 17%.[citation needed] England
England
stars Kevin Keegan
Kevin Keegan
and Ray Clemence
Ray Clemence
both played for Scunthorpe United in the early 1970s before being signed for Liverpool, where they made their names. Former England
England
cricket captain Ian Botham played a number of games for the club, being a resident of nearby Epworth at that time and in an attempt to keep fit during the winter months. The team mascot is called the "Scunny Bunny".[32] Local teams play in the Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
& District Football League. Rugby[edit] Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Rugby Club[33] play in the National League 2 North, the fourth tier of the English rugby union system. Their home ground is at Heslam Park, close to Brumby on Ashby Road. Scunthorpe Barbarians play rugby league also at Heslam Park. Motorsports[edit] Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
also has a speedway team known as the Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Scorpions who compete in the British Premier League, the sport's second tier in Britain. The speedway team has been running since 2005 and won a grand slam of the Conference League trophies in both 2006 and 2007 before claiming the Premier League title in 2012, alongside this Speedway world champion Tai Woffinden
Tai Woffinden
was born in Scunthorpe, riding for the Scunthorpe Scorpions
Scunthorpe Scorpions
in his youth. It runs at the Eddie Wright Raceway, which is a mile north of the town on Normanby Road (B1430). The Eddie Wright Raceway is also host to the sport of stock car racing, the town has featured stock car racing at two other venues in its past, 2009 saw a return to the town of the oval racing sport

Scunthorpe Scorpions
Scunthorpe Scorpions
– Premier League team Scunthorpe Saints – National League (formerly Conference League) team

Athletics[edit] The Appleby-Frodingham Athletic Club[34] uses the 34-acre (140,000 m2) site near the Civic Centre for many types of sport. They have a clubhouse and also use Brumby Hall next-door. There is also the Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
and District Athletics Club.[35] They train at Quibell Park Stadium,[36] Scunthorpe's athletic track on Brumby Wood Lane named after David Quibell, the town's former Labour MP. Around the running track is a cycle track used by Polytechnic Cycle Club.[37] The leisure centre was on Carlton Street[38] opposite the bus station via a footbridge. After The Pods
The Pods
opened this was demolished. The Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Anchor swimming club are based at the Riddings Pool on Enderby Road next to South Leys School in Yaddlethorpe.[39] The Pods, a leisure centre near Central Park has now opened, having two swimming pools, a state of the art gym, a dance studio, a creche and a cafe.[40] As part of the project, Central Park is being improved. These expensive improvements are also in their final stage. North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Council's website regularly show photographs and videos of how the work is progressing.[41] Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
has two parkruns. One in Central Park and another at Normanby Hall[42] Internet obscenity filters[edit] Main article: Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
problem In 1996 there was controversy when AOL's obscenity filter (among others) refused to accept the name of the town due to its embedded word 'cunt'. Some online forums such as Ultimate Guitar
Ultimate Guitar
forums (which has recently[when?] been resolved) display the name as Scumthorpe, while Fark.com
Fark.com
would display it as Scoonthorpe. This form of censorship over-reach is known in the computing world as the Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
problem. Notable people associated with Scunthorpe[edit]

Roy Axe, car designer for Chrysler
Chrysler
and Rover was born in Scunthorpe. Darren Bett, television weather presenter Ian Collins, Talksport
Talksport
radio presenter was born in the town[citation needed] Richard G. Compton, Oxford professor, was born in Scunthorpe Neil Cox Assistant manager of AFC Wimbledon Howard Devoto, singer with the Buzzcocks
Buzzcocks
and Magazine Kevin Doyle, actor who has appeared in Coronation Street
Coronation Street
and Downton Abbey Stephen Fretwell, singer-songwriter Tony Jacklin, golfer Reece Mastin, singer and winner of 2011 X-Factor Australia, was born in Scunthorpe Iain Matthews, singer with Fairport Convention Rob McElnea, 500cc grand prix rider, team manager of the Virgin Mobile Yamaha team David Plowright, television executive and producer Jake Quickenden, former contestant on The X Factor, I'm a Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here! and Dancing on Ice Peter D. Robinson, Archbishop in the United Episcopal Church of North America, was born in Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
and grew up in nearby Barton-upon-Humber Martin Simpson, guitarist and singer-songwriter, was born in Scunthorpe Sam Slocombe, professional football player for Bristol Rovers F.C.
Bristol Rovers F.C.
and formerly of local side Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
United, was born in the town Liz Smith, actress Alan Walker, musicologist and biographer of Franz Liszt, was born in Scunthorpe Albert 'Lal' White, Olympic cycling silver medallist at the 1920 Antwerp games.[43] Was the subject of the opera: Cycle Song. Tai Woffinden, speedway world champion Ryan J. Brown, actor and screenwriter

Twinned municipalities[edit]

Clamart, France Lüneburg, Germany Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski, Poland[44]

References[edit]

^ Good Stuff IT Services. "North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
- UK Census Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ BBC.co.uk: h2g2 – Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
guide entry ^ Letting Agent – Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
profile ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Harris, John; Antram, Nicholas (1989). 2nd, ed. Lincolnshire. Pevsner Architectural Guides. Yale University Press. pp. 631–634. ISBN 978-0-300-09620-0.  ^ Mills, A.D. (2011) [first published 1991]. A Dictionary of British Place Names (First edition revised 2011 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 410. ISBN 9780199609086.  ^ a b The Humberside
Humberside
(Structural Change) Order 1995 (1995 No. 600 ) Archived 14 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Electoral Wards". North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Council. Archived from the original on 6 January 2007. Retrieved 14 February 2018.  ^ a b "The Charter Trustees Regulations 1996 (1996 No. 263 )". Office for Public Sector Information. 1996. Retrieved 3 August 2008.  ^ Youngs, F.A., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol. II, London
London
1991 ^ Letters Patent dated 25 September 1936 ^ The Local Authorities (Armorial Bearings) Order 1974 (1974 No.869) ^ Scott-Giles, C.W., Civic Heraldry of England
England
and Wales, 2nd edition, London, 1953 ^ " Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
historic weather averages in the United Kingdom". Intellicast. Retrieved 27 March 2009.  ^ "100 new jobs for Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
through Wren Kitchens
Wren Kitchens
expansion". Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Telegraph. Scunthorpe. 16 February 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.  ^ "Economic Deprivation", Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 July 2011 ^ "The Foundry Shopping Centre". Retrieved 3 August 2008.  ^ "The Parishes Shopping Centre". Retrieved 3 August 2008.  ^ Latest Humber Business news in Hull and East Riding – News Stories & Events This is Hull and East Riding[permanent dead link] ^ "Maps". Multimap.com. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ "A brief history of St John's Church". North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Council. 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.  ^ "North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Museum". North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Council. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 3 August 2008.  ^ "20 -21 Visual Art Centre". North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Council. Archived from the original on 6 July 2008. Retrieved 3 August 2008.  ^ "Theatres". North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Council. Archived from the original on 6 July 2008. Retrieved 3 August 2008.  ^ "The Baths Hall". www.scunthorpetheatres.co.uk. Archived from the original on 24 April 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2012.  ^ Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Cooperative Junior Choir. Retrieved 24 July 2011 ^ Lidz, Franz. "An Opera for an English Olympic Hero". Smithsonian. Retrieved 10 February 2018.  ^ "Cycling steel man inspires opera". BBC News. 15 July 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2018.  ^ St Hugh's Communication and Interaction Specialist College ^ Study Parks, Retrieved 24 July 2011. ^ "Crime figures in Scunthorpe", upmystreet.com. Retrieved 24 July 2011 Archived 23 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Adkins praises Iron's character". BBC News. 24 May 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2010.  ^ Scunthorpe United
Scunthorpe United
Fans Family FAMILY FOOTBALL FESTIVAL[dead link] ^ Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
RUFC ^ Appleby-Frodingham Athletic Club Archived 25 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
and District Athletics Club Archived 12 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Quibell Park Stadium ^ Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Polytechnic ^ leisure centre Archived 11 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Riddings Pool Archived 16 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "The Pods". North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Council. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ [1][dead link] ^ "Pictures & video of runners braving the rain to support first ever Parkrun". scunthorpetelegraph. 5 November 2017. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 10 February 2018.  ^ "SCUNTHORPE'S Albert 'Lal' White, was many times English grass track cycle racing champion, and winner of a silver medal at the 1920 Antwerp Olympics. He also rode in the 1924 Paris Olympics". Scunthorpe Telegraph. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ "List of Twin Towns of Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski". Municipality of Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski. Archived from the original on 22 August 2010. Retrieved 24 August 2010. 

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Media related to Scunthorpe
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at Wikimedia Commons North Lincolnshire
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Council Scunthorpe
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– The Heavens Reflect Our Labours, Documentary on Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
history made by local schoolchildren Pathe newsreel, 1958, Queen visits Lincoln, Scunthorpe, Grimsby Scunthorpe
Scunthorpe
Co-operative Junior Choir

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 144360002 GN

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