Scicli is a town and municipality in the
Province of Ragusa
Province of Ragusa in the
south east of Sicily, Italy. It is 25 kilometres (16 mi) from
Ragusa, and 308 kilometres (191 mi) from Palermo, and has a
population (2017) of 27,101. Alongside seven other cities in the
Val di Noto, it has been listed as one of UNESCO's World Heritage
The municipality borders with
Modica and Ragusa.
2 Main sights
10 External links
Settlements of the area of
Scicli dates back to the Copper and Early
Bronze Ages (3rd millennium BCE to the 15th century BCE).
Scicli was founded by the
Sicels (whence probably the name) around
In 864 CE,
Scicli was conquered by the Arabs, as part of the Muslim
conquest of Sicily. Under their rule it flourished as an
agricultural and trade center. According to geographer Muhammad
al-Idrisi, "shipping reached
Sicily from Calabria, Africa,
Malta and many other places."
In 1091, it was conquered from the Arabs by the Normans, under Roger I
of Hauteville, after a fierce battle.
Scicli was one of the
garrison which rebelled against the Angevine domination in the
Sicilian Vespers (April 5, 1282). Following the various dynasties
ruling the Kingdom of Sicily, it was an Aragonese-Spanish possession
before being united in the Kingdom of
Italy in the mid 19th century.
Following a catastrophic earthquake in 1693, much of the town was
rebuilt in the
Sicilian baroque style, which today gives the town the
elegant appearance which draws many tourists to visit it.
See also: Category:Churches in Scicli.
San Matteo: this church was the local Mother Church until 1874. It is
located on the eponymous hill in the Old City, where there is also the
ruin of an Arab/Norman castle.
The church of Santa Marìa la Nova, with a huge Neoclassicist façade.
The interior houses a cypresse-wood statue of Madonna della Pietà,
probably of Byzantine origin.
San Bartolomeo baroque church
Sant'Ignazio (Mother Church of St. Ignatz), housing the highly
venerated image of Madonna dei Milìci (see Culture section).
San Michele Arcangelo
Santa Maria la Nova
Palazzo Fava, one of the first and largest Baroque palaces in the
town. Notable are the late-Baroque decorations of the portal and the
balconies, especially the one on the Via San Bartolomeo.
The Town Hall, the Palazzo Spadaro and the Palazzo Beneventano, all
boasting Baroque decorations.
Scicli is frequently used as a film set, most recently for Marco
Bellocchio's Il regista dei matrimoni and is popular in
Italy as the
home of Il Commissario Montalbano, the popular television series
broadcast by RAI.
The town is also notable for its religious processions which includes
"Presepe" (nativity scenes) enacted in the caves surrounding the city
Christmas time. These caves, known as the Chiarafura caves, were
dug out in the tuff cliffs, and some were inhabited by the local poor
as recently as 1958.
At Easter, the town celebrates with the "Uomo Vivo" parade which
involves a long religious procession through the city. A decorated
horse parade takes place in March, from
Scicli to the neighbouring
town of Donnalucata. The most spectacular religious festival, the A
Maronna i Milici occurs in May, commemorating the appearance of the
Madonna on a white horse holding aloft a sword, described as
"probably...the only armed Holy Virgin in the world." This
encouraged the Christian Normans to defeat the Saracens in 1091.
However, the story itself is believed to have been first promoted no
earlier than the 15th century.
The "Fornace Penna", an industrial archaeology monument in Sampieri
The economy of
Scicli is mostly agricultural, and the area is renowned
for its many greenhouses producing the primizie ("early fruits") that
are exported all over Italy.
The local association football club is the U.P.D. Scicli; and the
futsal club is the Pro Scicli, that also played in Serie A. The town
plays host to an annual road running race, Memorial Peppe Greco, which
traces its route through the city centre.
Scicli has a railway station on the Canicattì-Gela-Ragusa-Syracuse
line. Another station serves the frazione of Sampieri.
The town will be served by the planned extension, to Ragusa and Gela,
of the A18 motorway.
San Bartolomeo Church
Santa Maria La Nova Church
San Guglielmo Church
San Matteo Church
Madonna del Carmine Church
Giuseppe Drago (1955–2016), physician and politician, President of
Sicily in 1998
Severino Santiapichi (1926–2016), magistrate and writer
^ a b (in Italian) Source: Istat 2011
^ 39161 (x a j h)
Scicli on OpenStreetMap
Alexander Mikaberidze (22 Jul 2011). Conflict and Conquest in the
Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO.
p. 831. ISBN 9781598843378.
^ Lorenza De Maria; Rita Turchetti (2004). Rotte e porti del
Mediterraneo dopo la caduta dell'Impero romano d'Occidente:
continuità e innovazioni tecnologiche e funzionali : IV
seminario : Genova, 18-19 giugno 2004. Rubbettino Editore.
p. 125. ISBN 9788849811179.
Sicily (illustrated ed.). Touring Editore. 2005.
p. 73. ISBN 9788836534036.
^ Peter Amann (1 Jan 2001).
Sicily (illustrated ed.). Hunter
Publishing, Inc. p. 42. ISBN 9781856911580.
^ Marcella Croce (20 Oct 2014). The Chivalric Folk Tradition in
Sicily: A History of Storytelling, Puppetry, Painted Carts and Other
Arts. McFarland. p. 48. ISBN 9780786494156.
^ Amy G. Remensnyder (2014). La Conquistadora: The Virgin Mary at War
and Peace in the Old and New Worlds (illustrated ed.). Oxford
University Press. p. 395. ISBN 9780199893003.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Scicli.
Scicli official website
(in English) Scili Information
Cartoon map of Scicli
Sicily · Comuni of the Province of Ragusa
Santa Croce Camerina
World Heritage Sites in Italy
Mantua and Sabbioneta
Monte San Giorgio1
Porto Venere, Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto, Cinque Terre
Monterosso al Mare
Residences of the Royal House of Savoy
Castle of Moncalieri
Castle of Racconigi
Castle of Rivoli
Castello del Valentino
Royal Palace of Turin
Palazzo Madama, Turin
Palace of Venaria
Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi
Villa della Regina
Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes1
Rock Drawings in Valcamonica
Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy
Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan
Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-
Roero and Monferrato
Torre della Ghirlandina
Torre della Ghirlandina and Piazza Grande, Modena
Orto botanico di Padova
City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto
Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi
Etruscan Necropolises of
Cerveteri and Tarquinia
Piazza del Duomo, Pisa
Castel del Monte, Apulia
Vallo di Diano
Vallo di Diano National Park,
Paestum and Velia, Certosa
Oplontis and Villa Poppaea
Palace of Caserta,
Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
Aqueduct of Vanvitelli and
San Leucio Complex
Sassi di Matera
Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale
Archaeological Area of Agrigento
Syracuse and Necropolis of Pantalica
Val di Noto
Militello in Val di Catania
Villa Romana del Casale
Longobards in Italy, Places of Power (568–774 A.D.)
Cividale del Friuli
Temple of Clitumnus
Temple of Clitumnus located at Campello sul Clitunno
Santa Sofia located at Benevento
Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo
Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo located at Monte Sant'Angelo
Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps3
Primeval Beech Forests of Europe4
Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries5
Peschiera del Garda
1 Shared with Switzerland
2 Shared with the Holy See
3 Shared with Austria, France, Germany, Slovenia, and Switzerland
4 Shared with Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany,
Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Spain and Ukraine
5 Shared with
Croatia and Montenegro