Savona [saˈvoːna] listen (help·info) (Ligurian: Sann-a
[ˈsaŋːa] is a seaport and comune in the northern Italian region of
Liguria, capital of the Province of Savona, in the Riviera di Ponente
on the Mediterranean Sea.
Savona used to be one of the chief seats of the Italian iron industry,
having iron-works and foundries, shipbuilding, railway workshops,
engineering shops, and a brass foundry.
One of the most celebrated former inhabitants of
Savona was the
navigator Christopher Columbus, who farmed land in the area while
chronicling his journeys. 'Columbus's house', a cottage situated in
Savona hills, lay between vegetable crops and fruit trees. It is
one of several residences in
Liguria associated with Columbus.
2 Main sights
2.2 Towers and fortress
2.3 Palaces and other places of interest
4 Notable people
6 Twin towns and sister cities
7 See also
9 External links
Inhabited in ancient times by
Ligures tribes, it came under Roman
influence in c. 180 BC, after the
Punic wars in which the city had
been allied to Carthage. At the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it
passed under Lombard rule in 641 AD (being destroyed in the attack)
after a short period as an Ostrogoth and then
Later it recovered as county seat in the Carolingian Empire. In the
10th century its bishops were counts of Savona, but later the
countship passed to the marquesses of Monferrato (981) and afterwards
to the marquesses Del Vasto (1084).
After a long struggle against the Saracens,
independence in the 11th century, becoming a free municipality allied
with the Emperor.
Savona was the center of religious culture (13th to
16th centuries) due to the work of two important monasteries:
Dominican and Franciscan. Subsequently, it fought against
being definitively conquered in 1528. The Genoese destroyed the upper
town and buried the port. It then shared the fortunes of the Republic
Genoa until Napoleonic times. In 1809 the city received Pope Pius
VII, prisoner of Napoleon Bonaparte, for a few years. Between April
and mid-May 1800, Austrian forces besieged the city while a small
British naval force maintained a blockade; the fortress surrendered on
15 May. Subsequently,
Savona was annexed to the Kingdom of
Sardinia-Piedmont (1815). eventually, it became part of unified Italy.
The Cattedrale dell'Assunta (Cathedral of Assunta), built after
Genoese demolition of the old cathedral. It kept the relics of Saint
The Cappella Sistina (Sistine Chapel), adjacent to the Cathedral and
built 1480-1483, it containing the Mausoleum erected by the Della
Pope Sixtus IV
Pope Sixtus IV to honor his parents, Leonardo
Della Rovere and
Luchina Monleone. The construction was commissioned by Giovanni D'Aria
and his brother Michele. The chapel is architecturally similar to the
chapel dedicated to the Cardinal
Pietro Riario in the Basilica of the
Santi Apostoli, Rome. After years of deterioration, in 1765-1767 a
reconstruction was ordered by the Genovese Doge Francesco Maria Della
Rovere. This updated the chapel in a
Rococo style, with ceiling
painted by Paolo Gerolamo Brusco. The Cathedral has a noteworthy
16th-century carved wooden choir seats.
The church of Nostra Signora di Castello (Our Lady of the Castle) has
a large altarpiece by
Vincenzo Foppa and
Ludovico Brea painted in
Sanctuary of Nostra Signora della Misericordia
Sanctuary of Nostra Signora della Misericordia (Our Lady of
Towers and fortress
Leon Pancaldo (
Leon Pancaldo Tower), built in the 14th
century and also known as "Torretta", is the symbol of the town.
The Torre del Brandale (Brandale Tower), also known as Campanassa
(Commune tower, where the freedom declaration of
Savona was signed in
1191) and towers Corsi and Riario.
The Priamar fortress, built by the Genoese in 1542 after their
conquest of Savona, on the area of the old cathedral and old city and
later used as a prison and military priso. In 1830-1831 Giuseppe
Mazzini was imprisoned in the fortress and he "dreams" the "Giovine
Italia". Inside the fortress there is the Museum Centre of Priamar.
Palaces and other places of interest
Della Rovere (
Della Rovere Palace), built by Cardinal
Giulio della Rovere (future Pope Julius II) and designed by Giuliano
da Sangallo as a university.
The Palazzo Gavotti (Gavotti Palace), built in the 15th century.
Inside the palace there is the Art Museum of Palazzo Gavotti that
contains the Pinacoteca of Savona, the artwork of Fondazione Museo di
Arte Contemporanea Milena Milani in memoria di Carlo Cardazzo and the
new Ceramic Museum.
The Palazzo Delle Piane (Delle Piane Palace), the most important
building in liberty style of Savona.
In neighbourhood of
Savona remains a house documented as property of
Domenico Colombo, father of Christopher Columbus, where they lived for
many years (
Christopher Columbus lived in
Savona for much of his
The town is situated 40 kilometres (25 miles) west of
Genoa and circa
150 km (93 mi) (east) of Nice, in France, on the western
Italian Riviera, between the
Ligurian Sea and the Ligurian Alps.
Savona has a
Mediterranean climate (Csa).
The average yearly temperature is around 19 °C (66 °F)
during the day and 12 °C (54 °F) at night. In the coldest
months: January, February and December, the average temperature is
11 °C (52 °F) during the day and 5 °C (41 °F)
at night. In the warmest month – July and August – the average
temperature is 28 °C (82 °F) during the day and
20 °C (68 °F) at night. Generally, a typical summer season
lasts about 4 to 6 months, from May/June to September/October. The
daily temperature range is limited, with an average range of about
7 °C (45 °F) between high and low temperatures. Rain
occurs mainly in autumn, the summers being generally dry. Sunshine
hours total above 2,097 per year, from an average 4 hours of sunshine
duration per day in winter to average 9 hours in summer. Savona
usually sees snow once or twice per year.
Climate data for Savona
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Savona and Priamar fortress
Savona, painted by a 19th-century tourist, 1860
Paolo Boselli (1838–1932), Prime Minister of
Italy during World War
Gianni Baget Bozzo (born 1925), priest and politician
Susanna Bonfiglio (born 1974), basketball player
Giacomo Boselli (1744-1808), Rococo-period sculptor of ceramics
Elenoire Casalegno (born 1976), actress and TV host
Luis Fernando Centi (born 1976), footballer
Gabriello Chiabrera (1552–1638), poet
Christopher Columbus (c. 1450-1506), explorer
Enrico Cucchi (1965–1996), footballer
Renato Dossena (born 1987), footballer
Fabio Fazio (born 1964), TV host
Nando Gazzolo (1928-2015), actor
Orazio Grassi (1583-1654), astronomer
Bartolomeo Guidobono (1654–1709), painter
Domenico Guidobono (1668-1746), painter
Pope Julius II
Pope Julius II (Albisola 1443–1513)
Michele Marcolini (born 1975), footballer
Maria Christina of Naples and Sicily
Maria Christina of Naples and Sicily (1779–1849), Queen of Sardinia,
died in Savona
Leon Pancaldo (1488 or 1490–1538), explorer
Christian Panucci (born 1973), footballer
Sandro Pertini (1896 – 1990) President of the Italian Republic
Daniela Poggi (born 1956), actress
Girolamo Riario (1443–1488), lord of Imola and Forlì and one of the
plotters behind the 1478 Pazzi Conspiracy
Pietro Riario (1447–1474), cardinal and Papal diplomat
Della Rovere noble family that flourished in the 15th century
Annalisa Scarrone (born 5 August 1985), singer and songwriter
Renata Scotto (born 1934), opera singer
Stephan El Shaarawy
Stephan El Shaarawy (born 1992), footballer
Pope Sixtus IV
Pope Sixtus IV (Pecorile 1414 - 1484)
The Carnival, with a parade in the centre of the town, the typical
Savona is Cicciulin.
The Patron saint's festival of Nostra Signora della Misericordia, on
The Holy Friday, with a spectacular procession in streets of the city
which takes place every two years.
The Santa Lucia fair in the central street of Via Paleocapa on 13
The Confuoco (in local dialect U Confeugu), it takes place the last
Sunday before Christmas in the square of Sisto IV.
Twin towns and sister cities
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy
Savona is twinned with:
Saona, Dominican Republic
Savona Football Club
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Savona".
Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Scovazzi, Italo; Filippo Noberasco. Storia di Savona, vicende di una
vita bimillenaria (in Italian). Sabatelli.
^ Elevation above sea level of the casa comunale (town hall), see
Savona weather averages". Enea. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
Media related to
Savona at Wikimedia Commons
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