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Savona
Savona
[saˈvoːna]  listen (help·info) (Ligurian: Sann-a [ˈsaŋːa] is a seaport and comune in the northern Italian region of Liguria, capital of the Province of Savona, in the Riviera di Ponente on the Mediterranean Sea. Savona
Savona
used to be one of the chief seats of the Italian iron industry, having iron-works and foundries, shipbuilding, railway workshops, engineering shops, and a brass foundry. One of the most celebrated former inhabitants of Savona
Savona
was the navigator Christopher Columbus, who farmed land in the area while chronicling his journeys. 'Columbus's house', a cottage situated in the Savona
Savona
hills, lay between vegetable crops and fruit trees. It is one of several residences in Liguria
Liguria
associated with Columbus.

Contents

1 History 2 Main sights

2.1 Churches 2.2 Towers and fortress 2.3 Palaces and other places of interest

3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Notable people 5 Events 6 Twin towns and sister cities 7 See also 8 References

8.1 Notes

9 External links

History[edit] Inhabited in ancient times by Ligures
Ligures
tribes, it came under Roman influence in c. 180 BC, after the Punic wars
Punic wars
in which the city had been allied to Carthage. At the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it passed under Lombard rule in 641 AD (being destroyed in the attack) after a short period as an Ostrogoth and then Byzantine
Byzantine
possession. Later it recovered as county seat in the Carolingian Empire. In the 10th century its bishops were counts of Savona, but later the countship passed to the marquesses of Monferrato (981) and afterwards to the marquesses Del Vasto (1084). After a long struggle against the Saracens, Savona
Savona
acquired independence in the 11th century, becoming a free municipality allied with the Emperor. Savona
Savona
was the center of religious culture (13th to 16th centuries) due to the work of two important monasteries: Dominican and Franciscan. Subsequently, it fought against Genoa
Genoa
before being definitively conquered in 1528. The Genoese destroyed the upper town and buried the port. It then shared the fortunes of the Republic of Genoa
Genoa
until Napoleonic times. In 1809 the city received Pope Pius VII, prisoner of Napoleon Bonaparte, for a few years. Between April and mid-May 1800, Austrian forces besieged the city while a small British naval force maintained a blockade; the fortress surrendered on 15 May. Subsequently, Savona
Savona
was annexed to the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont (1815). eventually, it became part of unified Italy. Main sights[edit] Churches[edit]

The Cattedrale dell'Assunta (Cathedral of Assunta), built after Genoese demolition of the old cathedral. It kept the relics of Saint Valentine. The Cappella Sistina (Sistine Chapel), adjacent to the Cathedral and built 1480-1483, it containing the Mausoleum erected by the Della Rovere Pope Sixtus IV
Pope Sixtus IV
to honor his parents, Leonardo Della Rovere
Della Rovere
and Luchina Monleone. The construction was commissioned by Giovanni D'Aria and his brother Michele. The chapel is architecturally similar to the chapel dedicated to the Cardinal Pietro Riario
Pietro Riario
in the Basilica of the Santi Apostoli, Rome. After years of deterioration, in 1765-1767 a reconstruction was ordered by the Genovese Doge Francesco Maria Della Rovere. This updated the chapel in a Rococo
Rococo
style, with ceiling painted by Paolo Gerolamo Brusco. The Cathedral has a noteworthy 16th-century carved wooden choir seats. The church of Nostra Signora di Castello (Our Lady of the Castle) has a large altarpiece by Vincenzo Foppa
Vincenzo Foppa
and Ludovico Brea
Ludovico Brea
painted in 1490. The Sanctuary of Nostra Signora della Misericordia
Sanctuary of Nostra Signora della Misericordia
(Our Lady of Mercy).

Towers and fortress[edit]

The Torre Leon Pancaldo ( Leon Pancaldo Tower), built in the 14th century and also known as "Torretta", is the symbol of the town. The Torre del Brandale (Brandale Tower), also known as Campanassa (Commune tower, where the freedom declaration of Savona
Savona
was signed in 1191) and towers Corsi and Riario. The Priamar fortress, built by the Genoese in 1542 after their conquest of Savona, on the area of the old cathedral and old city and later used as a prison and military priso. In 1830-1831 Giuseppe Mazzini was imprisoned in the fortress and he "dreams" the "Giovine Italia". Inside the fortress there is the Museum Centre of Priamar.

Palaces and other places of interest[edit]

The Palazzo Della Rovere
Della Rovere
( Della Rovere
Della Rovere
Palace), built by Cardinal Giulio della Rovere (future Pope Julius II) and designed by Giuliano da Sangallo as a university. The Palazzo Gavotti (Gavotti Palace), built in the 15th century. Inside the palace there is the Art Museum of Palazzo Gavotti that contains the Pinacoteca of Savona, the artwork of Fondazione Museo di Arte Contemporanea Milena Milani in memoria di Carlo Cardazzo and the new Ceramic Museum. The Palazzo Delle Piane (Delle Piane Palace), the most important building in liberty style of Savona. In neighbourhood of Savona
Savona
remains a house documented as property of Domenico Colombo, father of Christopher Columbus, where they lived for many years ( Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
lived in Savona
Savona
for much of his youth).

Geography[edit] The town is situated 40 kilometres (25 miles) west of Genoa
Genoa
and circa 150 km (93 mi) (east) of Nice, in France, on the western Italian Riviera, between the Ligurian Sea
Ligurian Sea
and the Ligurian Alps. Climate[edit] Savona
Savona
has a Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
(Csa). The average yearly temperature is around 19 °C (66 °F) during the day and 12 °C (54 °F) at night. In the coldest months: January, February and December, the average temperature is 11 °C (52 °F) during the day and 5 °C (41 °F) at night. In the warmest month – July and August – the average temperature is 28 °C (82 °F) during the day and 20 °C (68 °F) at night. Generally, a typical summer season lasts about 4 to 6 months, from May/June to September/October. The daily temperature range is limited, with an average range of about 7 °C (45 °F) between high and low temperatures. Rain occurs mainly in autumn, the summers being generally dry. Sunshine hours total above 2,097 per year, from an average 4 hours of sunshine duration per day in winter to average 9 hours in summer. Savona usually sees snow once or twice per year.

Climate data for Savona

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 10.3 (50.5) 11.6 (52.9) 14.2 (57.6) 17.6 (63.7) 20.9 (69.6) 25 (77.0) 28 (82.4) 27.8 (82.0) 24.7 (76.5) 20.1 (68.2) 14.7 (58.5) 11.6 (52.9) 18.9 (66.0)

Average low °C (°F) 4.6 (40.3) 5.2 (41.4) 7.6 (45.7) 10.5 (50.9) 13.8 (56.8) 17.3 (63.1) 20.1 (68.2) 20 (68.0) 17.6 (63.7) 13.5 (56.3) 8.6 (47.5) 5.8 (42.4) 12.1 (53.7)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 74 (2.9) 79 (3.1) 94 (3.7) 66 (2.6) 71 (2.8) 41 (1.6) 20 (.8) 48 (1.9) 71 (2.8) 107 (4.2) 97 (3.8) 61 (2.4) 828 (32.6)

Source: Enea[3]

Notable people[edit]

Panorama of Savona
Savona
and Priamar fortress

Savona, painted by a 19th-century tourist, 1860

Paolo Boselli
Paolo Boselli
(1838–1932), Prime Minister of Italy
Italy
during World War I Gianni Baget Bozzo (born 1925), priest and politician Susanna Bonfiglio (born 1974), basketball player Giacomo Boselli (1744-1808), Rococo-period sculptor of ceramics Elenoire Casalegno
Elenoire Casalegno
(born 1976), actress and TV host Luis Fernando Centi (born 1976), footballer Gabriello Chiabrera
Gabriello Chiabrera
(1552–1638), poet Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
(c. 1450-1506), explorer Enrico Cucchi (1965–1996), footballer Renato Dossena (born 1987), footballer Fabio Fazio
Fabio Fazio
(born 1964), TV host Nando Gazzolo
Nando Gazzolo
(1928-2015), actor Orazio Grassi
Orazio Grassi
(1583-1654), astronomer Bartolomeo Guidobono
Bartolomeo Guidobono
(1654–1709), painter Domenico Guidobono
Domenico Guidobono
(1668-1746), painter Pope Julius II
Pope Julius II
(Albisola 1443–1513) Michele Marcolini (born 1975), footballer Maria Christina of Naples and Sicily
Maria Christina of Naples and Sicily
(1779–1849), Queen of Sardinia, died in Savona Leon Pancaldo (1488 or 1490–1538), explorer Christian Panucci
Christian Panucci
(born 1973), footballer Sandro Pertini
Sandro Pertini
(1896 – 1990) President of the Italian Republic Daniela Poggi
Daniela Poggi
(born 1956), actress Girolamo Riario
Girolamo Riario
(1443–1488), lord of Imola and Forlì and one of the plotters behind the 1478 Pazzi Conspiracy Pietro Riario
Pietro Riario
(1447–1474), cardinal and Papal diplomat Della Rovere
Della Rovere
noble family that flourished in the 15th century Annalisa Scarrone
Annalisa Scarrone
(born 5 August 1985), singer and songwriter Renata Scotto
Renata Scotto
(born 1934), opera singer Stephan El Shaarawy
Stephan El Shaarawy
(born 1992), footballer Pope Sixtus IV
Pope Sixtus IV
(Pecorile 1414 - 1484)

Events[edit]

The Carnival, with a parade in the centre of the town, the typical costume of Savona
Savona
is Cicciulin. The Patron saint's festival of Nostra Signora della Misericordia, on 18 March. The Holy Friday, with a spectacular procession in streets of the city which takes place every two years. The Santa Lucia fair in the central street of Via Paleocapa on 13 December. The Confuoco (in local dialect U Confeugu), it takes place the last Sunday before Christmas in the square of Sisto IV.

Twin towns and sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy Savona
Savona
is twinned with:

Villingen-Schwenningen, Germany Saona, Dominican Republic Bayamo, Cuba Mariupol, Ukraine

See also[edit]

Savona
Savona
Football Club

References[edit]  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Savona". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 248–249. 

Scovazzi, Italo; Filippo Noberasco. Storia di Savona, vicende di una vita bimillenaria (in Italian). Sabatelli. 

Notes[edit]

^ Elevation above sea level of the casa comunale (town hall), see comune:Savona ^ Istat ^ " Savona
Savona
weather averages". Enea. Retrieved 5 August 2012. 

External links[edit] Media related to Savona
Savona
at Wikimedia Commons

Genoa
Genoa
Airport :: What to see :: Varazze Savona
Savona
Web Confrateernita di S. Domenico

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 150672462 GND: 4118459-2

v t e

Liguria
Liguria
· Comuni of the Province of Savona

Alassio Albenga Albisola Superiore Albissola Marina Altare Andora Arnasco Balestrino Bardineto Bergeggi Boissano Borghetto Santo Spirito Borgio Verezzi Bormida Cairo Montenotte Calice Ligure Calizzano Carcare Casanova Lerrone Castelbianco Castelvecchio di Rocca Barbena Celle Ligure Cengio Ceriale Cisano sul Neva Cosseria Dego Erli Finale Ligure Garlenda Giustenice Giusvalla Laigueglia Loano Magliolo Mallare Massimino Millesimo Mioglia Murialdo Nasino Noli Onzo Orco Feglino Ortovero Osiglia Pallare Piana Crixia Pietra Ligure Plodio Pontinvrea Quiliano Rialto Roccavignale Sassello Savona Spotorno Stella Stellanello Testico Toirano Tovo San Giacomo Urbe Vado Ligure Varazze Vendone Vezzi Portio Villanova d'

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