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Sanya
Sanya
(Chinese: 三亚) is the southernmost city on Hainan
Hainan
Island, and one of the four prefecture-level cities of Hainan
Hainan
Province, in Southeast China. According to the 2010 Census, the population of Sanya
Sanya
is of 685,408 inhabitants,[1] living in an area of 1,919.58 square kilometres (741.15 sq mi). The city is renowned for its tropical climate and has emerged as a popular tourist destination, also serving as the training site of the Chinese national beach volleyball team. The city has become known as "China's Florida", drawing a large number of retirees from Northeast China
China
during winter.[2] Sanya
Sanya
is home to small concentrations of Utsul
Utsul
people.

Contents

1 History

1.1 20th century

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Subdivisions 4 Tourism

4.1 Main sights 4.2 Transportation

4.2.1 Hainan
Hainan
East Ring Intercity Rail

5 Social services

5.1 Hospitals

6 Education

6.1 Colleges and universities 6.2 Primary and secondary schools

7 Events 8 Sister cities 9 Gallery 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Known in ancient times as Yazhou, postal romanization: Aichow (崖州), literally "cliff state or prefecture", Sanya's history dates to the Qin Dynasty
Qin Dynasty
(221–206 BCE). Due to its remoteness from the political centers during the Imperial China
China
eras on Mainland China, Sanya
Sanya
was sometimes called Tianya Haijiao
Tianya Haijiao
(天涯海角), meaning "the end of the sky and ocean" or "the end of the earth". As a result, the city served as a place of exile for officials who found themselves out of favor with the country's rulers. During the Tang dynasty, the Buddhist monk Jianzhen
Jianzhen
accidentally landed here, using Sanya
Sanya
as a staging post on his missionary journey to Japan.[3] 20th century[edit] In 1912, Yazhou became Yaxian (崖县; postal: Aihsien). Japan then occupied the area during the Second Sino-Japanese War
Second Sino-Japanese War
(1941–1945) and renamed Sanya
Sanya
as Samah. The city then became a naval port for the Second Fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy and the main embarkation point for the Japanese Invasion of Malaya
Japanese Invasion of Malaya
and Thailand.[citation needed] In April 1950, the People's Liberation Army
People's Liberation Army
took over Yaxian County and established a People's Government. In October 1954, the administration of the CPC Yaxian Committee relocated from Yacheng to Sanya
Sanya
then in 1958, administration of Yaxian relocated from Yacheng to Sanya
Sanya
and Yaxian merged with Baoting, Lingshui, Niulou, and Xinglong, Wanning, to become a large county. In 1959 and 1961 these areas were separated to establish Baoting and Lingshui while Yaxian County remained in its current prefecture. Approved by the State Council of China, Yaxian was upgraded to Sanya
Sanya
City on September 26, 1987 and on December 30, Sanya
Sanya
City was officially established.[4] In 2007 the Beijing
Beijing
Olympic Organizing Committee announced that the city of Sanya
Sanya
would become the first leg of the Beijing
Beijing
2008 Summer Olympics torch relay in China.[5] In the 21st century Sanya's strategic importance has grown for the Chinese military and is home to several navy bases that help develop and protect the internationally disputed shoals and islands in the South China
China
Sea.[citation needed] Geography[edit]

Sanya
Sanya
city map

Sanya
Sanya
lies at the southern tip of Hainan
Hainan
Island at Sanya
Sanya
Bay, and, after Sansha
Sansha
(also administered by Hainan
Hainan
Province), is the second-southernmost prefecture-level city nationally. Located at 18° 15' N latitude, it is about as far north of the Equator as the Island of Hawaii is. Though the administrative area ( Sanya
Sanya
City) has a rough topography, the city itself is generally flat, lying on a parcel of land between low-level mountains to the north and the South China
China
Sea. Climate[edit] The area has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen Aw),[6] featuring very warm weather all year around. Monsoonal influences are strong, with a relatively lengthy wet season and a pronounced dry season. The coolest month is January, at 21.6 °C (70.9 °F), while the hottest, unlike much of the rest of China, is June, at 28.8 °C (83.8 °F); the annual mean is 25.8 °C (78.4 °F). Water temperatures remain above 20 °C (68 °F) year-round.[7]

Climate data for Sanya
Sanya
(1971–2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 30.4 (86.7) 31.0 (87.8) 33.2 (91.8) 34.5 (94.1) 35.4 (95.7) 35.9 (96.6) 34.5 (94.1) 34.3 (93.7) 35.5 (95.9) 33.7 (92.7) 32.6 (90.7) 31.9 (89.4) 35.9 (96.6)

Average high °C (°F) 26.1 (79) 26.8 (80.2) 28.6 (83.5) 30.7 (87.3) 32.0 (89.6) 31.9 (89.4) 31.7 (89.1) 31.4 (88.5) 31.2 (88.2) 30.2 (86.4) 28.5 (83.3) 26.6 (79.9) 29.64 (85.37)

Daily mean °C (°F) 21.6 (70.9) 22.5 (72.5) 24.6 (76.3) 26.9 (80.4) 28.4 (83.1) 28.8 (83.8) 28.5 (83.3) 28.1 (82.6) 27.4 (81.3) 26.4 (79.5) 24.3 (75.7) 22.1 (71.8) 25.8 (78.43)

Average low °C (°F) 18.5 (65.3) 19.8 (67.6) 21.9 (71.4) 24.2 (75.6) 25.6 (78.1) 26.1 (79) 25.9 (78.6) 25.5 (77.9) 24.7 (76.5) 23.4 (74.1) 21.3 (70.3) 19.0 (66.2) 22.99 (73.38)

Record low °C (°F) 5.1 (41.2) 11.0 (51.8) 10.5 (50.9) 19.1 (66.4) 19.8 (67.6) 21.3 (70.3) 22.1 (71.8) 21.8 (71.2) 20.1 (68.2) 14.7 (58.5) 7.9 (46.2) 7.1 (44.8) 5.1 (41.2)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 8.0 (0.315) 12.8 (0.504) 19.2 (0.756) 43.3 (1.705) 142.3 (5.602) 197.5 (7.776) 192.6 (7.583) 221.5 (8.72) 251.4 (9.898) 234.5 (9.232) 58.3 (2.295) 10.7 (0.421) 1,392.1 (54.807)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.4 3.6 3.9 5.6 10.0 14.0 13.8 16.0 17.0 13.5 6.6 3.7 111.1

Average relative humidity (%) 84.3 85.8 83.9 80.4 76 73.8 72 73.5 79.5 81.8 82 82.8 79.65

Source: Weather China[7]

Subdivisions[edit] Before July 30, 2014, there were direct jurisdiction over four county-level districts and two township-level subdistricts (乡级管理区 xiangji guanli-qu), six towns (镇 zhen) and four state-run farms in Sanya
Sanya
City. Now there are four districts in Sanya.

Map

Jiyang Tianya Haitang Yazhou

District Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 census) Area (km2) Density (/km2)

Jiyang 吉阳区 Jíyáng Qū 257,061 372 691.02

Tianya 天涯区 Tiānyá Qū 269,935 944 285.94

Haitang 海棠区 Hǎitáng Qū 68,897 255 270.18

Yazhou 崖州区 Yázhōu Qū 89,515 347 257.96

Tourism[edit] In recent years Sanya
Sanya
has become a popular tourist destination.[8] Numerous international hotel chains are now established in the area. In 2009 the luxury Mandarin Oriental
Mandarin Oriental
hotel group opened in the Dadong Hai area of Sanya, their first property in mainland China. There are now over 100 hotels, ranging from international brands to locally managed resorts. Russian and English signs can be seen throughout the city. Restaurants in Sanya
Sanya
are also infamous for over-charging tourists (whether foreign or Chinese).[9] However, due to the recent exposure of this practice posted on the micro-blogging site Sina Weibo, Hainan
Hainan
government officials and Sanya
Sanya
city officials have vowed to crack down on this practice.[10] The Sanya
Sanya
Industrial and Commercial Bureau has also begun to implement an open and transparent real-time information system of the city’s seafood restaurants during the May Day holiday for public supervision in order to stop any future price gouging by restaurants.[11] Sanya
Sanya
is facing a few challenges as it continues to expand at such a rapid rate: lack of infrastructure to support tourism, difficulty in reaching the location due to limited flights and airport capacity, sound pollution, traffic and road safety, pollution of the beaches and, most importantly, shortage of quality hospitality talent. Nature reserves of Yalong Bay
Yalong Bay
Tropic Paradise Forest Park (亚龙湾热带 天堂森林公园) and Sanya
Sanya
Coral Reef National Nature Reserve (三亚珊瑚礁国家级自然保护区) are located nearby Yalong Bay, and Yalong Bay
Yalong Bay
National Tourism Holiday Resort was created. In recent years, as the waters of Sanya Bay
Sanya Bay
and others below mentioned are becoming clearer and healthier, several species of dolphins, including endangered Chinese white dolphins, appear along the coasts from time to time. However, they have not been considered as targeted tourism attractions.[12][13] Main sights[edit]

The Guanyin Statue of Hainan

The Guan Yin of the South Sea of Sanya, a 108 m (354 ft) Buddhist statue, completed in May 2005 and one of the tallest statues in the world[14] and the adjoining Nanshan Temple. Yalong Bay, a 7.5 km (4.7 mi) major tourist beach located east of Sanya
Sanya
City. Tianya Haijiao
Tianya Haijiao
(The ends of the earth and the corners of the sea) Deer Turning Head Park (Luhuitou Park 鹿回头公园) - A park containing a large stone statue above Sanya
Sanya
harbour telling the story of a hunter pursuing a deer to an isolated headland near the sea. When the deer could not escape, it turned to look at the hunter and became a beautiful woman. The hunter could not kill the deer and instead fell in love with her. People leave a padlock on a chain at the top of the mountain in the hope that their love will last as long as the lock remains. Dadonghai, Sanya, Haitang, and Yazhou, and Xiangshuiwan Bay are the five major bays in Sanya, Xiangshuiwan Bay remains the most beautiful and natural near the famous Nuilin Mountain.[15] Butterfly Valley (蝴蝶谷; pinyin: Húdié Gǔ)[16] and a shell aquarium.[17]

Other attractions include:

Phoenix Island, an artificial archipelago resort Sanya
Sanya
Bay Wuzhizhou Island West Island (西岛) Daxiao Dongtian (大小洞天), also known as the Fairy Caves The Tiger and Crocodile centre. Nanshan Temple Luobi Cave, an ancient karst cave 15 km (9.3 mi) north of Sanya Lingshui/ Xiangshui
Xiangshui
Li'an Ocean Harbor Theme Park is projected for 2013.[18] It will be the largest water park in Asia[19][20]

Transportation[edit] The city is served by Sanya
Sanya
Phoenix International Airport. Taxis are available throughout the city. Buses from other parts of Hainan
Hainan
serve Sanya's bus terminal. The No. 8 bus connects the airport to Dadonghai
Dadonghai
Beach. From there tourists can take the 24 or 25 bus to Yalong Bay
Yalong Bay
or the 28 bus to Haitang Bay. There is also a free bus from Luhuitou Square to the Duty-Free Shopping Center at Haitang Bay, the largest such center in China. Hainan
Hainan
East Ring Intercity Rail[edit] The Hainan
Hainan
East Ring Intercity Rail links Sanya
Sanya
and Haikou
Haikou
and runs along the east coast of Hainan
Hainan
Island. There are 15 stations in between, either in operation or still under construction. Trains are designed to travel at 250 km/h (160 mph). Travel time from Sanya
Sanya
to Haikou
Haikou
is approximately 1 hour and 22 minutes. The Hainan Western Ring High-Speed Railway, running along the west coast of the province also links Sanya
Sanya
to Haikou. Social services[edit] Hospitals[edit] Hainan
Hainan
301 Hospital, a branch hospital of People's Liberation Army General Hospital, is located in the Haitang Bay area of Sanya.[21] The hospital possesses a substantial number of state-of-the-art equipment for medical and research purposes which include a Da Vinci surgical system, different MIR system (including 1.5T MRI 3.0T MRI), Helical CT facilities (including 128-Slices CT), medical linear accelerator and electronic microscopes which are worth more than 450 million yuan. The hospital has 500 patient beds, and a total of 74 clinical, medical and nursing departments. Sanya
Sanya
Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital (三亚市中医院) is located on Fenghuang Road.[22] It is a grade-A tertiary hospital offering medical care, education, research, healthcare services and International Chinese Medicine exchange and cooperation. Education[edit] Colleges and universities[edit] See also: List of universities and colleges in Hainan Sanya University
Sanya University
(三亚学院) Located at Xueyuan Rd., Yingbin Ave. Sanya
Sanya
Hainan
Hainan
572022. Sanya University
Sanya University
is an independent undergraduate university, it has a brand new campus and state of the art facilities. The University has fourteen schools: Social Development, Law, Finance and Economics, Management, Tourism Management, Humanities and Communication, Arts, Foreign Languages, Engineering, Physical Education, General Education & Foundation Courses, International Tourism, International Education and Music, and other, and offers 56 undergraduate majors.[23] Qiongzhou University
Qiongzhou University
(琼州大学) is located at 1 Yucai Road. The only public university located in Sanya, Qiongzhou is actively pursuing more foreign enrolments, hoping to attract Chinese tourism and language students to the city.[24] Courses Offered to international students are: elementary Chinese, intermediate Chinese, advanced Chinese (listening, speaking, reading and writing), English, Russian (listening, speaking, reading and writing), Chinese calligraphy and painting, Chinese martial arts, Chinese history, studies of Li and Miao Cultures, tourism and recreational management, and music performance. Primary and secondary schools[edit] The city government states on its website that "Being the second-largest city in Hainan, the education in Sanya
Sanya
is relatively better than the average level in Hainan
Hainan
Province" but that the kindergartens are not as good as those in major Chinese cities and that the primary and secondary schools are still below the Chinese national average.[25] According to the city government, Primary schools No.7 and No.9 Primary School are the best ones in the city and that Bayi Primary School "is also of good quality".[25] The city government identifies the best lower secondary (junior high school) and upper secondary (senior high school) institutions as Sanya
Sanya
Shiyan
Shiyan
Middle School and Sanya
Sanya
No.1 High School, respectively.[25] The International School of Sanya (formerly Canadian International School of Sanya) is the first school to offer two programs: Canadian and Mandarin, in Hainan. The school has announced its relocation to the BanShanBanDao -Serenity Coast (半山半岛) residential area in August 2014, where the new campus will offer pre-K. day students and boarding facilities for students.[citation needed] Events[edit] The city has hosted:

Boao Forum for Asia
Boao Forum for Asia
Annual high level forums for world leaders focused on the Asian region and its stakeholders. 2014 WTTC Global Summit Keynote speakers: Kofi Annan, Jeffrey Katzenberg, Dame DeAnne Julius, Yao Ming 2011–12 Volvo Ocean Race
2011–12 Volvo Ocean Race
Leg 4 Start to Auckland 2011 BRICS summit Elite Model Look
Elite Model Look
in 2008 and 2009 Miss World
Miss World
contest in 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2015 and 2017 Mister World contest in 2007 World's Strongest Man
World's Strongest Man
contest in 2006 and 2013 2012 Sanya
Sanya
International Beach Musical Festival[26][27] 2013 ITF Women's Circuit – Sanya 2014–15 Volvo Ocean Race In-port race and Leg 4 Start to Auckland

Sister cities[edit]

Country City Date

 United States Alhambra, California 1994.10.05

 Philippines Lapu-Lapu 1997.07.19

 France Cannes 1997.11.17

 United Kingdom Blackpool 2016.09.06

 Malaysia George Town, Penang 2017[28]

Gallery[edit]

Sanya
Sanya
Sunset

Setting Sun at Sanya
Sanya
Beach

East part of Sanya

Sanya
Sanya
River

Beach Scene

Sunset at Sanya
Sanya
Bay

A hotel in Sanya

Sanya Bay
Sanya Bay
Beach

A street corner

References[edit]

^ (in Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China ^ Retirees decide it’s time for their day in the sun, AFP, 2017-03-14 ^ " Sanya
Sanya
history". Sanya
Sanya
Municipal Network Information Center. 2009. Retrieved August 16, 2013.  ^ "City overview". at0086.com. Retrieved 2014-06-18.  ^ " Beijing
Beijing
Olympic torch relay kicks off in Chinese mainland". english.people.com.cn. Xinhua Agent. Retrieved 2014-06-18.  ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). Updated Asian Map of the Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
system. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633-1644. ^ a b 三亚城市介绍 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2011-05-27.  ^ Kuperman, Jonathan. "Is paradise fading in Hainan?". china.org.cn. Retrieved 2014-06-18.  ^ Fauna. " Sanya
Sanya
Restaurants Ripping Off Customers, Fleecing Tourists". chinasmack.com/. Retrieved 2014-06-18.  ^ Yiming, Huang; Dan, He. " Hainan
Hainan
vows to stop price gouging". China Daily. Retrieved 2014-06-18.  ^ The Sanya
Sanya
Industrial and Commercial Bureau has set up an open and transparent real-time information system of the city’s seafood restaurants during the May Day holiday for public supervision. ^ 2016. 海南海洋生态保护良好,成为大型珍稀海洋动物的“乐园”. Retrieved on March 5, 2017 ^ 人民网海南频道. 2016. 三亚凤凰岛海域出现海豚成群嬉戏美景. Retrieved on March 11, 2017 ^ "Top 10 Highest Monuments around the World,". Retrieved February 12, 2011.  ^ (in Chinese) Haitang Bay in Sanya, Xinhuanet
Xinhuanet
December 26, 2007. ^ " Sanya
Sanya
Butterfly Valley". explorechinatours.com/. explorechinatours.com. Retrieved 2014-06-18.  ^ "WILDLIFE & MARIN ZONE". visithainan.com.au/. VisitHaiNan.com.au. Retrieved 2014-06-18.  ^ " Hainan
Hainan
will build the next ten years theme park (Figure)". China daily. Retrieved 2011-11-13.  ^ "First signs of the trend in developing hainan theme parks - Haikoutour". En.haikoutour.gov.cn. Retrieved 2011-11-13.  ^ "why did sea theme park settle in lingshui - can the inflatable toys save the children who". Fwulong.skyrock.com. 2010-12-30. Retrieved 2011-11-13.  ^ haikoutour.gov: Hainan
Hainan
301 Hospital ^ Sanya
Sanya
Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital ^ http://www.sanyau.edu.cn ^ http://www.qzu.edu.cn ^ a b c "Education in Sanya" (Archive). City of Sanya. Retrieved October 2, 2015. ^ http://www.comprehensivenews.us/news-2892236-Haitang-Bay-Sanya-International-Beach-Music-Festival-23-the-curtain-good-sound-to-help-out.html ^ " Haitang Bay Gloria Sanya
Sanya
appointed as sponsor hotel for 2012 Sanya Int'l Beach Musical Festival". whatsonsanya.com. Retrieved 2014-06-18.  ^ "Forging friendship city ties between Penang
Penang
and Sanya
Sanya
- Community The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2017-04-21. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sanya.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Sanya.

Guanyin of the South Sea of Sanya
Sanya
article — with pictures, author confuses "Buddha" and "Guanyin". Whatsonsanya.com: News, travel, business and cultural guide to Sanya and Hainan
Hainan
Province

v t e

Hainan
Hainan
topics

Haikou
Haikou
(capital)

General

History Historical and cultural sites Politics Economy

Geography

Islands of Hainan Dazhou
Dazhou
Island Haidian Island Haitang Bay Sanya
Sanya
Bay Nandu River Wanquan River Songtao Reservoir Wuzhizhou Island Wuzhi Mountain Yangpu Peninsula Yongxing Island/Woody Island

Flora and fauna

Hainan
Hainan
yellow lantern chili Hainan
Hainan
gymnure Hainan
Hainan
partridge Hainan
Hainan
peacock-pheasant Hainan
Hainan
black crested gibbon Hainan
Hainan
hare

Media

Hainan
Hainan
TV Haikou
Haikou
TV Nanguo Metropolis Daily Hainan
Hainan
Daily

Transportation

Hainan
Hainan
Eastern Ring HSR Hainan
Hainan
Western Ring HSR Hainan
Hainan
Airlines Haikou
Haikou
Meilan International Airport Qionghai
Qionghai
Bo'ao Airport Sanya
Sanya
Phoenix International Airport Basuo
Basuo
Port Haikou
Haikou
New Port Haikou
Haikou
Xiuying Port Macun Port Port of Yangpu

Education

Haikou
Haikou
College of Economics Hainan
Hainan
Medical University Hainan
Hainan
Normal University Hainan
Hainan
University Qiongzhou University/ Hainan
Hainan
Tropical Ocean University Sanya
Sanya
University

Demographics

Hainanese Hui Miao Han Chinese Li (Hlai) Zhuang Utsul

Buildings and structures

Crown of Beauty Theatre Haikou
Haikou
Century Bridge Haikou
Haikou
Great Hall of the People Hainan
Hainan
Centre for the Performing Arts Hainan
Hainan
Exhibition & Convention Center Hainan
Hainan
Library

Cuisine

Hainan
Hainan
chicken rice Wenchang
Wenchang
chicken

Visitor attractions

Statue of Guanyin Hainan
Hainan
Museum Leiqiong/ Haikou
Haikou
Volcanic Cluster Global Geopark Luobi Cave Mission Hills Star Trophy Nanwan Monkey Island Nanshan Temple Phoenix Island Temple of the Five Lords Tianya Haijiao Yangpu Ancient Salt Field Yalong Bay

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Hainan
Hainan
Province

Haikou
Haikou
(capital)

Prefecture level

Prefecture-level cities

Haikou

Longhua District Meilan District Qiongshan District Xiuying District

Sanya

Jiyang District Tianya District Haitang District Yazhou District

Sansha

Sansha

Xisha District*

Yongxing Town (Yongxing Management Area) Qilianyu Management Area Yongle Archipelago Management Area

Nansha District*

(directly governed — no township-level divisions)

Zhongsha District*

(unincorporated)

* Not a formal administrative subdivision

Danzhou

v t e

Danzhou

Towns

Nada Heqing Nanfeng Dacheng Yaxing Lanyang Guangcun Mutang Haitou Eman Sandou

Yangpu EDZ

Wangwu Baimajing Zhonghe Paipu Dongcheng Xingzhou

County level

County-level cities

Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang

Counties

Ding'an Tunchang Chengmai Lingao

Autonomous counties

Baisha Changjiang Ledong Lingshui Baoting Qiongzhong

Township-level divisions of Hainan Politics of Hainan

v t e

Metropolitan cities of China

Major Metropolitan regions

Jingjinji
Jingjinji
(JJJ) Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
(PRD) / Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area Yangtze River Delta
Yangtze River Delta
(YRD)

Central Plain (Zhongyuan) Chengyu Cross-Strait Western Coast Guanzhong Mid-Southern Liaoning Shandong
Shandong
Peninsula Yangtze River Mid-Reaches (Yangtze River Valley)

Major Cities

National Central Cities

Beijinga Chongqinga Guangzhoub2 Shanghaia2 Tianjina2

Special
Special
Administrative Regions

Hong Kong Macau

Regional Central Cities

Chengdub Nanjingb Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb

Sub-provincial cities

Changchunb Chengdub Dalianc2 Guangzhoub2 Hangzhoub Harbinb Jinanb Nanjingb Ningboc2 Qingdaoc2 Shenyangb Shenzhenc1 Wuhanb Xi'anb Xiamenc1

Provincial capitals (Prefecture-level)

Changsha Fuzhou2 Guiyang Haikou Hefei Kunming Lanzhou Nanchang Shijiazhuang Taiyuan Xining Zhengzhou Taibei5

Autonomous regional capitals

Hohhot Lhasa Nanning Ürümqi Yinchuan

Comparatively large cities

Anshan Baotou Benxi Datong Fushun Handan Huainan Jilin Luoyang Suzhou Tangshan Qiqihar Wuxi Xuzhou Zibo

Prefecture-level cities
Prefecture-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Shijiazhuang* Tangshan* Qinhuangdao2 Handan* Xingtai Baoding Zhangjiakou Chengde Cangzhou Langfang Hengshui

Shanxi

Taiyuan* Datong* Yangquan Changzhi Jincheng Shuozhou Jinzhong Yuncheng Xinzhou Linfen Lüliang

Inner Mongolia

Hohhot* Baotou* Wuhai Chifeng Tongliao Ordos Hulunbuir Bayannur Ulanqab

Liaoning

Shenyang* Dalian* Anshan* Fushun* Benxi* Dandong Jinzhou Yingkou Fuxin Liaoyang Panjin Tieling Chaoyang Huludao

Jilin

Changchun* Jilin Siping Liaoyuan Tonghua Baishan Songyuan Baicheng

Heilongjiang

Harbin* Qiqihar* Jixi Hegang Shuangyashan Daqing Yīchun Jiamusi Qitaihe Mudanjiang Heihe Suihua

Jiangsu

Nanjing* Wuxi* Xuzhou* Changzhou Suzhou* Nantong Lianyungang2 Huai'an Yancheng Yangzhou Zhenjiang Tàizhou Suqian

Zhejiang

Hangzhou* Ningbo* Wenzhou2 Jiaxing Huzhou Shaoxing Jinhua Quzhou Zhoushan Tāizhou Lìshui

Anhui

Hefei* Wuhu Bengbu Huainan* Ma'anshan Huaibei Tongling Anqing Huangshan Chuzhou Fùyang Sùzhou Lu'an Bozhou Chizhou Xuancheng

Fujian

Fúzhou* Xiamen* Putian Sanming Quanzhou Zhangzhou Nanping Longyan Ningde

Jiangxi

Nanchang* Jingdezhen Píngxiang Jiujiang Xinyu Yingtan Ganzhou Jí'ān Yíchun Fǔzhou Shangrao

Shandong

Jinan* Qingdao* Zibo* Zaozhuang Dongying Yantai2 Weifang Jĭning Tai'an Weihai Rizhao Laiwu Linyi Dezhou Liaocheng Binzhou Heze

Henan

Zhengzhou* Kaifeng Luoyang* Pingdingshan Anyang Hebi Xinxiang Jiaozuo Puyang Xuchang Luohe Sanmenxia Nanyang Shangqiu Xinyang Zhoukou Zhumadian

Hubei

Wuhan* Huangshi Shiyan Yichang Xiangyang Ezhou Jingmen Xiaogan Jinzhou Huanggang Xianning Suizhou

Hunan

Changsha* Zhuzhou Xiangtan Hengyang Shaoyang Yueyang Changde Zhangjiajie Yiyang Chenzhou Yongzhou Huaihua Loudi

Guangdong

Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu

Guangxi

Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo

Hainan1

Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou

Sichuan

Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang

Guizhou

Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren

Yunnan

Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang

Tibet

Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan

Shaanxi

Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo

Gansu

Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan

Qinghai

Xining* Haidong

Ningxia

Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei

Xinjiang

Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami

Taiwan5

(none)

Other cities (partly shown below)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

(Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay)

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu)

Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai

County-level cities
County-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou

Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

Inner Mongolia

Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot*

Liaoning

Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng

Jilin

Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong

Heilongjiang

Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun

Jiangsu

Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua

Zhejiang

Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China
China
Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 234362

.