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Samuel P. "Sam" Spiegel (November 11, 1901 – December 31, 1985) was a Austro-Polish-born American independent film producer. He was the first to win the Academy Award for Best Picture three times, and the only one to be the sole producer on all three winning films.[2]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Awards 4 Sexual misconduct allegations 5 Personal life 6 Legacy 7 Filmography - producer 8 References 9 External links

Early life[edit] Spiegel was born to a Jewish family[3] in Jarosław, Galicia, Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
(now in Poland). His parents were Regina and Simon Spiegel (a tobacco wholesaler).[4] He received his education at the University of Vienna. His brother was Shalom Spiegel, a professor of medieval Hebrew poetry. Career[edit] Spiegel worked briefly in Hollywood
Hollywood
in 1927 following a stint serving with Hashomer Hatzair
Hashomer Hatzair
in Palestine. He then went to Berlin
Berlin
to produce German and French adaptations of Universal films until 1933 when he fled Germany. As an independent producer, Spiegel helped produce a number of European films. In 1938, he immigrated to Mexico
Mexico
and subsequently the United States. Between 1935 and 1954, Spiegel billed himself as S. P. Eagle; after that he used his real name. His nickname was the "velvet octopus" after his propensity to entwine himself with women in the back of taxis and manage Hollywood
Hollywood
with a velvet touch according to Billy Wilder. He loved London and admired the British, as is reflected in his films The Bridge on the River Kwai
The Bridge on the River Kwai
(1957) and Lawrence of Arabia (1962), both of which won seven Academy Awards
Academy Awards
including Best Picture. Starting with the 1951 film The African Queen, he produced films through his British-based production company Horizon Pictures. In a review in Variety of a Natasha Fraser-Cavassoni's biography of Spiegel, Wendy Smith notes: "It's all here: the sleazy financial maneuvers and creepy taste for underage girls that make Spiegel a decidedly flawed protagonist, as well as the wit, sophistication, and Old World charm that make him a titanic figure the likes of which the movie industry will not see again"[5] Awards[edit] Spiegel won the Academy Award for Best Picture for Elia Kazan's On the Waterfront and a further two times for his two collaborations with British director David Lean, The Bridge on the River Kwai
The Bridge on the River Kwai
(1957) and Lawrence of Arabia (1962). In 1963, he was awarded the Irving Thalberg Memorial Award at that year's Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for his many contributions to cinema. Sexual misconduct allegations[edit] American actress Theresa Russell
Theresa Russell
alleged that she was sexually propositioned by Spiegel during her first casting session for his 1976 film The Last Tycoon.[6] In another interview, Russell recalled: "I was 16 years old and still living at home, and he took me to the Bistro and tried to stick his tongue down my throat."[7] After she refused to sign a contract with Spiegel, Russell "was completely left out of the publicity for [The Last Tycoon]", and Spiegel threatened that he would prevent Russell from working again in Hollywood.[7][8] In 2015, English actress Lesley-Anne Down
Lesley-Anne Down
discussed her experiences of sexual harassment by Spiegel in the 1970s, recalling: "I went up to his suite, and before I’d even said hello, he’d stuck his tongue in my mouth. He then shoved some perfume in my hand and invited me to come in. There was a little bit of being chased around the tables in the room, but I never actually did the deed. Nowadays, actresses are protected by an entourage, but back then, we weren’t. I can’t ever remember going for a meeting and not expecting something to occur."[9] Personal life[edit] Spiegel maintained a connection with Israel
Israel
throughout his life, particularly with such personalities as Golda Meir, Ariel Sharon, Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Foundation president Ruth Cheshin (mother of Mishael Cheshin), and his close friend, then Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Mayor Teddy Kollek. Spiegel also contributed to various Zionist
Zionist
causes. He spoke seven languages fluently: English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Hebrew and Polish.[10] Legacy[edit] Spiegel's heirs and the administrators of his estate, son Adam Spiegel, daughter Alisa Freedman, niece Judge Raya Dreben, and Adv. David Bottoms, decided to transfer Spiegel's impressive art collection to the Israel
Israel
Museum in Jerusalem. Since 1996, they have made an annual contribution, through the Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Foundation, to the film school in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
bearing his name since that time — the Sam Spiegel Film and Television School, Jerusalem. This annual contribution is the largest in the history of Israeli cinema.[citation needed] In 2005, the 15th anniversary of the establishment of the Sam Spiegel Film and Television School, the Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Municipality complied with a request from the school's founder-director Renen Schorr to mark the occasion by declaring the lane in the Talpiot industrial section where the school is located "The Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
Alley." The street sign's inscription: " Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
– Jewish-American Film Producer and Oscar-winner. Pioneer. Lover of Zion." Filmography - producer[edit]

Invisible Opponent
Invisible Opponent
(1933) The Oil Sharks (1933) Mariage à responsabilité limitée (1933) The Invader (1935) (co-producer) Derrière la façade
Derrière la façade
(1939) Tales of Manhattan
Tales of Manhattan
(1942) (as S. P. Eagle) The Stranger (1946) (as S.P. Eagle) We Were Strangers (1949) (as S.P. Eagle) When I Grow Up (1951) (as S.P. Eagle) The Prowler (1951) (as S.P. Eagle) The African Queen (1951) (as S. P. Eagle) Melba (1953) On the Waterfront
On the Waterfront
(1954) The Strange One
The Strange One
(1957) The Bridge on the River Kwai
The Bridge on the River Kwai
(1957) Suddenly, Last Summer (1959) Lawrence of Arabia (1962) The Chase (1966) The Night of the Generals
The Night of the Generals
(1967) The Happening (1967) Nicholas and Alexandra
Nicholas and Alexandra
(1971) The Last Tycoon (1976) Betrayal (1983)

References[edit]

^ The New York Times ^ http://awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/help/statistics/Pic-Facts.pdf ^ Erens, Patricia (1998). The Jew in American Cinema. Indiana University Press. p. 392. ISBN 978-0-253-20493-6.  ^ [1] ^ Smith, Wendy (2003-04-13). "Review: 'Sam Spiegel'". Variety. Retrieved 2016-10-12.  ^ Wasson, Sam (22 June 2011). "A Conversation with Theresa Russell". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 21 September 2016.  ^ a b Ebert, Roger (21 September 1988). "INTERVIEW WITH THERESA RUSSELL". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved 6 July 2016.  ^ Smith, Giles (6 June 1995). "Mistress of the disturbed". The Independent. Retrieved 6 July 2016.  ^ "I was chased Upstairs and Downstairs by lecherous Hollywood predators: Star of 70s TV classic joins Helen Mirren's attack on casting couch creeps". Daily Mail. 2015-05-16. Retrieved 2015-05-20.  ^ Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
appearance on What's My Line?, episode 818. Originally aired January 30, 1966 on CBS. Viewed on October 3, 2007.

External links[edit]

Biography portal

Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
on IMDb Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
at the British Film Institute's Screenonline The Making of Lawrence of Arabia, Digitised BAFTA
BAFTA
Journal, Winter 1962-3 U.S. Holocaust Museum: Sam Spiegel Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
Film & Television School Fraser-Cavassoni, Natasha (2003). Sam Spiegel. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 465.  Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
at Find a Grave

v t e

BAFTA
BAFTA
Fellowship recipients

1971–2000

Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1971) Freddie Young (1972) Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973) David Lean
David Lean
(1974) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1975) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1976) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Denis Forman (1977) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1978) Lew Grade
Lew Grade
(1979) Huw Wheldon
Huw Wheldon
(1979) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1980) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Abel Gance
Abel Gance
(1981) Michael Powell
Michael Powell
& Emeric Pressburger
Emeric Pressburger
(1981) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1983) Hugh Greene (1984) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1984) Jeremy Isaacs (1985) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1987) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1989) Paul Fox (1990) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1991) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1992) David Plowright (1992) Sydney Samuelson (1993) Colin Young (1993) Michael Grade
Michael Grade
(1994) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1995) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1996) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(1996) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1996) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1996) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1997) Steven Bochco
Steven Bochco
(1997) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Oswald Morris (1997) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1997) David Rose (1997) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1998) Bill Cotton
Bill Cotton
(1998) Eric Morecambe
Eric Morecambe
& Ernie Wise
Ernie Wise
(1999) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1999) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2000) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(2000) Peter Bazalgette
Peter Bazalgette
(2000)

2001–present

Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2001) John Thaw
John Thaw
(2001) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2001) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2002) Merchant Ivory Productions (2002) Andrew Davies (2002) John Mills
John Mills
(2002) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(2003) David Jason (2003) John Boorman
John Boorman
(2004) Roger Graef (2004) John Barry (2005) David Frost
David Frost
(2005) David Puttnam
David Puttnam
(2006) Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2006) Anne V. Coates (2007) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Will Wright (2007) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2008) Bruce Forsyth
Bruce Forsyth
(2008) Dawn French
Dawn French
& Jennifer Saunders
Jennifer Saunders
(2009) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(2009) Nolan Bushnell
Nolan Bushnell
(2009) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2010) Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(2010) Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
(2010) Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
(2011) Peter Molyneux
Peter Molyneux
(2011) Trevor McDonald (2011) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2012) Rolf Harris
Rolf Harris
(2012) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(2013) Gabe Newell
Gabe Newell
(2013) Michael Palin
Michael Palin
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Rockstar Games
Rockstar Games
(2014) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(2014) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2015) David Braben (2015) Jon Snow (2015) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2016) John Carmack
John Carmack
(2016) Ray Galton & Alan Simpson (2016) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2017) Joanna Lumley
Joanna Lumley
(2017) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2018)

v t e

Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama

1940s

The Song of Bernadette (1943) Going My Way
Going My Way
(1944) The Lost Weekend (1945) The Best Years of Our Lives
The Best Years of Our Lives
(1946) Gentleman's Agreement (1947) Johnny Belinda / The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948) All the King's Men (1949)

1950s

Sunset Boulevard (1950) A Place in the Sun (1951) The Greatest Show on Earth (1952) On the Waterfront
On the Waterfront
(1954) East of Eden (1955) Around the World in 80 Days (1956) The Bridge on the River Kwai
The Bridge on the River Kwai
(1957) The Defiant Ones (1958) Ben-Hur (1959)

1960s

Spartacus (1960) The Guns of Navarone (1961) Lawrence of Arabia (1962) The Cardinal
The Cardinal
(1963) Becket (1964) Doctor Zhivago (1965) A Man for All Seasons (1966) In the Heat of the Night (1967) The Lion in Winter (1968) Anne of the Thousand Days (1969)

1970s

Love Story (1970) The French Connection (1971) The Godfather
The Godfather
(1972) The Exorcist (1973) Chinatown (1974) One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975) Rocky
Rocky
(1976) The Turning Point (1977) Midnight Express (1978) Kramer vs. Kramer
Kramer vs. Kramer
(1979)

1980s

Ordinary People
Ordinary People
(1980) On Golden Pond (1981) E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
(1982) Terms of Endearment
Terms of Endearment
(1983) Amadeus (1984) Out of Africa (1985) Platoon (1986) The Last Emperor
The Last Emperor
(1987) Rain Man
Rain Man
(1988) Born on the Fourth of July (1989)

1990s

Dances with Wolves
Dances with Wolves
(1990) Bugsy
Bugsy
(1991) Scent of a Woman (1992) Schindler's List
Schindler's List
(1993) Forrest Gump
Forrest Gump
(1994) Sense and Sensibility (1995) The English Patient (1996) Titanic (1997) Saving Private Ryan
Saving Private Ryan
(1998) American Beauty (1999)

2000s

Gladiator (2000) A Beautiful Mind (2001) The Hours (2002) The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003) The Aviator (2004) Brokeback Mountain
Brokeback Mountain
(2005) Babel (2006) Atonement (2007) Slumdog Millionaire
Slumdog Millionaire
(2008) Avatar (2009)

2010s

The Social Network
The Social Network
(2010) The Descendants
The Descendants
(2011) Argo (2012) 12 Years a Slave (2013) Boyhood (2014) The Revenant (2015) Moonlight (2016) Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri
(2017)

v t e

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award

Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1938) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1939) David O. Selznick
David O. Selznick
(1940) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1942) Sidney Franklin (1943) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1944) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1945) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1947) Jerry Wald
Jerry Wald
(1949) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1951) Arthur Freed (1952) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1953) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1954) Buddy Adler (1957) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1959) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1962) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1964) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1966) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1967) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1968) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1971) Lawrence Weingarten (1974) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1976) Pandro S. Berman
Pandro S. Berman
(1977) Walter Mirisch (1978) Ray Stark (1980) Albert R. Broccoli
Albert R. Broccoli
(1982) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1988) David Brown and Richard D. Zanuck
Richard D. Zanuck
(1991) George Lucas
George Lucas
(1992) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1995) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(1997) Norman Jewison
Norman Jewison
(1999) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2000) Dino De Laurentiis
Dino De Laurentiis
(2001) John Calley (2009) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(2010)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 92030172 LCCN: n87915059 ISNI: 0000 0001 1774 9569 GND: 119412365 SELIBR: 320734 BNF: cb13899970n (data) BIBSYS: 90856140 BNE: XX4722750 SN

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