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Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
(Spanish for Greetings, Friends) is a 1942 American live-action animated package film produced by Walt Disney
Walt Disney
and released by RKO Radio Pictures. It is the sixth Disney animated feature film and the first of the six package films produced by Walt Disney Productions in the 1940s. Set in Latin America, it is made up of four different segments; Donald Duck
Donald Duck
stars in two of them and Goofy
Goofy
stars in one. It also features the first appearance of José Carioca, the Brazilian cigar-smoking parrot.[3] Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
premiered in Rio de Janeiro on August 24, 1942. It was released in the United States on February 6, 1943. Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
was popular enough that Walt Disney decided to make another film about Latin America, The Three Caballeros, to be produced two years later. At 42 minutes, it is Disney's shortest animated feature to date.

Contents

1 Background 2 Film segments

2.1 Lake Titicaca 2.2 Pedro 2.3 El Gaucho
Gaucho
Goofy 2.4 Aquarela do Brasil

3 Cast and characters 4 Soundtrack

4.1 Track listing

5 Nominations 6 Release

6.1 Theatrical 6.2 Home video release history

7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Background[edit]

Nelson Rockefeller, Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (1940)

In early 1941, before U.S. entry into World War II, the United States Department of State commissioned a Disney goodwill tour of South America, intended to lead to a movie to be shown in the US, Central, and South America as part of the Good Neighbor Policy. This was being done because several Latin American governments had close ties with Nazi Germany,[3] and the US government wanted to counteract those ties. Mickey Mouse
Mickey Mouse
and other Disney characters were popular in Latin America, and Walt Disney
Walt Disney
acted as ambassador. The tour, facilitated by Nelson Rockefeller, who had recently been appointed as Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (CIAA), took Disney and a group of roughly twenty composers, artists, technicians, etc. from his studio to South America, mainly to Brazil
Brazil
and Argentina, but also to Chile
Chile
and Peru.[4] The film itself was given federal loan guarantees, because the Disney studio had over-expanded just before European markets were closed to them by the war, and because Disney was struggling with labor unrest at the time (including a strike that was underway at the time the goodwill journey began).[3] The film included live-action documentary sequences featuring footage of modern Latin American cities with skyscrapers and fashionably dressed residents. This surprised many contemporary US viewers, who associated such images only with US and European cities, and contributed to a changing impression of Latin America.[4] Film historian Alfred Charles Richard Jr. has commented that Saludo Amigos "did more to cement a community of interest between peoples of the Americas in a few months than the State Department had in fifty years".[5] The film also inspired Chilean cartoonist René Ríos Boettiger to create Condorito, one of Latin America's most ubiquitous cartoon characters. Ríos perceived that the character Pedro, a small, incapable airplane, was a slight to Chileans and created a comic that could supposedly rival Disney's comic characters. Film segments[edit] This film features four different segments, each of which begin with various clips of the Disney artists roaming the country, drawing cartoons of some of the local cultures and scenery. Lake Titicaca[edit] In this segment, American tourist Donald Duck
Donald Duck
visits Lake Titicaca
Lake Titicaca
and meets some of the locals, including an obstinate llama. Pedro[edit] Pedro involves the title character, a small anthropomorphic airplane from an airport near Santiago, Chile, engaging in his very first flight to pick up air mail from Mendoza, with disastrous results occurring when near Aconcagua, and again while chasing a vulture on the return journey. And to make matters worse, Pedro gets caught in a terrible storm! But, he makes it back to the airfield safe and sound with the mail, revealed to only be a single postcard. This segment was later released theatrically as an independent short, on May 13, 1955 by RKO Pictures.[6] Disappointed with Pedro as the image that the outside world had of Chile, cartoonist René Ríos Boettiger (known popularly as "Pepo") started one of the most famous Latin American comic magazines: Condorito. El Gaucho
Gaucho
Goofy[edit] In this segment, American cowboy Goofy
Goofy
gets taken mysteriously to the Argentinian pampas to learn the ways of the native gaucho. This segment was later edited for the film's Gold Classic Collection VHS/DVD release to remove one scene in which Goofy
Goofy
is shown smoking a cigarette.[7] This edit appears again on the Classic Caballeros Collection DVD.[8] This sequence has since been restored as many fans have asked for the unedited version. The fully unedited version is available as a bonus feature on the Walt & El Grupo DVD release.[9] Aquarela do Brasil[edit] Aquarela do Brasil
Aquarela do Brasil
(Portuguese for "Watercolor of Brazil"), the finale of the film, involves a brand-new character, José Carioca
José Carioca
from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, showing Donald Duck
Donald Duck
around South America, having a drink of cachaça with him and introducing him to the samba (to the tunes of "Brazil" and "Tico-Tico no Fubá"). Cast and characters[edit]

Play media

Trailer of the movie, with images of copyrighted characters deleted.

Lee Blair – Himself Mary Blair
Mary Blair
– Herself Pinto Colvig – Goofy Walt Disney
Walt Disney
– Himself Norman Ferguson – Himself Frank Graham – Himself Clarence Nash
Clarence Nash
Donald Duck
Donald Duck
(also dubbed the Portuguese, Spanish, and Italian versions) José Oliveira – José Carioca
José Carioca
(also dubbed the Brazilian Portuguese, Spanish, and Italian versions; also narrated the Italian version) Fred Shields – Narrator Frank Thomas – Himself Stuart Buchanan – Flight attendant

Soundtrack[edit] The film's original score was composed by Edward H. Plumb, Paul J. Smith, and Charles Wolcott. The title song, "Saludos Amigos", was written for the film by Charles Wolcott and Ned Washington. The film also featured the song "Aquarela do Brasil", written by the popular Brazilian songwriter Ary Barroso
Ary Barroso
and performed by Aloísio de Oliveira, and an instrumental version of "Tico-Tico no Fubá", written by Zequinha de Abreu. "Aquarela do Brasil" was written and first performed in 1939, but did not achieve much initial success. However, after appearing in this film it became an international hit, becoming the first Brazilian song to be played over a million times on American radio. The film's soundtrack was first released by Decca Records
Decca Records
in 1944 as a collection of three 78rpm singles. Track listing[edit]

Side 1: "Saludos Amigos" b/w Side 2: "Inca Suite" Side 3: " Brazil
Brazil
("Aquarela do Brazil")" b/w Side 4: "Argentine Country Dances" Side 5: "Tico-Tico" b/w Side 6: "Pedro from Chile"

Nominations[edit] The film was nominated for three Academy Awards in 1943.[10]

Award Result

Best Musical Score Nominated

Best Original Song Song: Saludos Amigos Nominated

Best Sound Recording (C. O. Slyfield) Nominated

Release[edit] Theatrical[edit] Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
premiered in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
on August 24, 1942. It was released in the United States on February 6, 1943. It was theatrically reissued in 1949, when it was shown on a double bill with the first reissue of Dumbo. The film returned rentals to RKO by 1951 of $1,135,000 with $515,000 being generated in the U.S. and Canada. [2] Home video release history[edit]

1995 (Laserdisc – Exclusive Archive Collection) May 2, 2000 (VHS and DVD – Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Gold Classic Collection)[11] April 29, 2008 (DVD – Classic Caballeros Collection)[12] November 30, 2010 (Bonus Feature on Walt & El Grupo DVD)[9] January 30, 2018 (Blu-ray - Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
And The Three Caballeros 75th Anniversary Edition 2-Movie Collection)

See also[edit]

Walt & El Grupo, a documentary film about the making of Saludos Amigos and The Three Caballeros 1942 in film List of American films of 1942 List of Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Pictures films List of Disney theatrical animated features List of animated feature films of the 1940s List of films with live action and animation List of package films South of the Border with Disney

References[edit]

^ "Saludos Amigos: Detail View". American Film Institute. Retrieved April 22, 2014.  ^ a b "Richard B. Jewell's RKO film grosses, 1929–51: The C. J. Trevlin Ledger: A comment.". Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Volume 14, Issue 1, 1994.  ^ a b c Walt & El Grupo (documentary film, 2008). ^ a b Adams, Dale (2007). "Saludos Amigos: Hollywood and FDR's Good Neighbor Policy". Quarterly Review of Film & Video. 24 (3): 289–295. doi:10.1080/10509200500486395. ISSN 1050-9208 inconsistent citations   ^ Richard, Alfred Charles Jr. Censorship and Hollywood's Hispanic Image: An Interpretive Filmography, 1936–1955. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1993, p274, cited in Adams, Dale (2007). "Saludos Amigos: Hollywood and FDR's Good Neighbor Policy". Quarterly Review of Film & Video. 24 (3): 289–295. doi:10.1080/10509200500486395. ISSN 1050-9208 inconsistent citations   ^ "Pedro" (in French). Retrieved December 3, 2010.  ^ Gerald Wurm (May 15, 2008). "Mehr als 4000 detaillierte Zensurberichte zu Filmen, Spielen, Comics, Serien und Musikvideos". Schnittberichte.com. Retrieved November 26, 2012.  ^ " Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
& The Three Caballeros: Classic Caballeros Collection DVD Review". Ultimatedisney.com. Retrieved November 26, 2012.  ^ a b "Walt & El Grupo DVD Review". Dvdizzy.com. Retrieved November 26, 2012.  ^ "The 16th Academy Awards (1944) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved August 14, 2011.  ^ "Allmovie entry". Allmovie.com. Archived from the original on July 19, 2012. Retrieved November 26, 2012.  ^ "Allmovie entry". Allmovie.com. Archived from the original on July 19, 2012. Retrieved November 26, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saludos Amigos.

Official website Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
at the American Film Institute Catalog Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
on IMDb Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
at the Big Cartoon DataBase Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
at Rotten Tomatoes

v t e

Disney theatrical animated features

Walt Disney Animation Studios films

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) Pinocchio (1940) Fantasia (1940) Dumbo
Dumbo
(1941) Bambi
Bambi
(1942) Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
(1942) The Three Caballeros
The Three Caballeros
(1944) Make Mine Music
Make Mine Music
(1946) Fun and Fancy Free (1947) Melody Time
Melody Time
(1948) The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad
The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad
(1949) Cinderella (1950) Alice in Wonderland (1951) Peter Pan (1953) Lady and the Tramp
Lady and the Tramp
(1955) Sleeping Beauty (1959) One Hundred and One Dalmatians
One Hundred and One Dalmatians
(1961) The Sword in the Stone (1963) The Jungle Book
Book
(1967) The Aristocats
The Aristocats
(1970) Robin Hood (1973) The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh
The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh
(1977) The Rescuers
The Rescuers
(1977) The Fox and the Hound
The Fox and the Hound
(1981) The Black Cauldron (1985) The Great Mouse Detective
The Great Mouse Detective
(1986) Oliver & Company (1988) The Little Mermaid (1989) The Rescuers
The Rescuers
Down Under (1990) Beauty and the Beast (1991) Aladdin (1992) The Lion King
The Lion King
(1994) Pocahontas (1995) The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996) Hercules (1997) Mulan (1998) Tarzan (1999) Fantasia 2000
Fantasia 2000
(1999) Dinosaur (2000) The Emperor's New Groove (2000) Atlantis: The Lost Empire (2001) Lilo & Stitch (2002) Treasure Planet
Treasure Planet
(2002) Brother Bear
Brother Bear
(2003) Home on the Range (2004) Chicken Little (2005) Meet the Robinsons
Meet the Robinsons
(2007) Bolt (2008) The Princess and the Frog
The Princess and the Frog
(2009) Tangled
Tangled
(2010) Winnie the Pooh (2011) Wreck-It Ralph
Wreck-It Ralph
(2012) Frozen (2013) Big Hero 6 (2014) Zootopia
Zootopia
(2016) Moana (2016) Ralph Breaks the Internet: Wreck-It Ralph
Wreck-It Ralph
2 (2018) Frozen 2
Frozen 2
(2019)

Live-action films with animation

The Reluctant Dragon (1941) Victory Through Air Power (1943) Song of the South
Song of the South
(1946) So Dear to My Heart
So Dear to My Heart
(1948) Mary Poppins (1964) Bedknobs and Broomsticks
Bedknobs and Broomsticks
(1971) Pete's Dragon (1977) Who Framed Roger Rabbit
Who Framed Roger Rabbit
(1988) Enchanted (2007)

DisneyToon Studios films

DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp (1990) A Goofy
Goofy
Movie (1995) The Tigger Movie (2000) Return to Never Land
Return to Never Land
(2002) The Jungle Book 2
The Jungle Book 2
(2003) Piglet's Big Movie
Piglet's Big Movie
(2003) Pooh's Heffalump Movie
Pooh's Heffalump Movie
(2005) Bambi
Bambi
II (2006) Planes (2013) Planes: Fire & Rescue (2014)

Other Disney units films

The Nightmare Before Christmas
The Nightmare Before Christmas
(1993) James and the Giant Peach (1996) Doug's 1st Movie
Doug's 1st Movie
(1999) Recess: School's Out (2001) Teacher's Pet (2004) A Christmas Carol (2009) Gnomeo & Juliet (2011) Mars Needs Moms
Mars Needs Moms
(2011) Frankenweenie (2012) Strange Magic (2015)

Related lists

Unproduced films

Book

v t e

Films directed by Hamilton Luske

Pinocchio (1940) Fantasia (1940) The Reluctant Dragon (1941) Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
(1942) Make Mine Music
Make Mine Music
(1946) Fun and Fancy Free (1947) Melody Time
Melody Time
(1948) So Dear to My Heart
So Dear to My Heart
(1948) Cinderella (1950) Alice in Wonderland (1951) Peter Pan (1953) Ben and Me (1953) Lady and the Tramp
Lady and the Tramp
(1955) Donald in Mathmagic Land (1959) One Hundred and One Dalmatians
One Hundred and One Dalmatians
(1961)

v t e

Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Animation Studios

List of feature films

Released

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) Pinocchio (1940) Fantasia (1940) Dumbo
Dumbo
(1941) Bambi
Bambi
(1942) Saludos Amigos
Saludos Amigos
(1942) The Three Caballeros
The Three Caballeros
(1944) Make Mine Music
Make Mine Music
(1946) Fun and Fancy Free (1947) Melody Time
Melody Time
(1948) The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad
The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad
(1949) Cinderella (1950) Alice in Wonderland (1951) Peter Pan (1953) Lady and the Tramp
Lady and the Tramp
(1955) Sleeping Beauty (1959) One Hundred and One Dalmatians
One Hundred and One Dalmatians
(1961) The Sword in the Stone (1963) The Jungle Book
Book
(1967) The Aristocats
The Aristocats
(1970) Robin Hood (1973) The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh
The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh
(1977) The Rescuers
The Rescuers
(1977) The Fox and the Hound
The Fox and the Hound
(1981) The Black Cauldron (1985) The Great Mouse Detective
The Great Mouse Detective
(1986) Oliver & Company (1988) The Little Mermaid (1989) The Rescuers
The Rescuers
Down Under (1990) Beauty and the Beast (1991) Aladdin (1992) The Lion King
The Lion King
(1994) Pocahontas (1995) The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996) Hercules (1997) Mulan (1998) Tarzan (1999) Fantasia 2000
Fantasia 2000
(1999) Dinosaur (2000) The Emperor's New Groove (2000) Atlantis: The Lost Empire (2001) Lilo & Stitch (2002) Treasure Planet
Treasure Planet
(2002) Brother Bear
Brother Bear
(2003) Home on the Range (2004) Chicken Little (2005) Meet the Robinsons
Meet the Robinsons
(2007) Bolt (2008) The Princess and the Frog
The Princess and the Frog
(2009) Tangled
Tangled
(2010) Winnie the Pooh (2011) Wreck-It Ralph
Wreck-It Ralph
(2012) Frozen (2013) Big Hero 6 (2014) Zootopia
Zootopia
(2016) Moana (2016)

Upcoming films

Ralph Breaks the Internet: Wreck-It Ralph
Wreck-It Ralph
2 (2018) Frozen 2
Frozen 2
(2019)

Associated productions

The Reluctant Dragon (1941) Victory Through Air Power (1943) Song of the South
Song of the South
(1946) So Dear to My Heart
So Dear to My Heart
(1949) Mary Poppins (1964) Bedknobs and Broomsticks
Bedknobs and Broomsticks
(1971) Pete's Dragon (1977) Who Framed Roger Rabbit
Who Framed Roger Rabbit
(1988) Enchanted (2007)

People

Executives

Edwin Catmull Roy Conli Roy E. Disney Walt Disney Don Hahn Jeffrey Katzenberg John Lasseter Peter Schneider Thomas Schumacher David Stainton

Disney's Nine Old Men

Les Clark Marc Davis Ollie Johnston Milt Kahl Ward Kimball Eric Larson John Lounsbery Wolfgang Reitherman Frank Thomas

Related topics

History

Disney animators' strike Disney Renaissance

Methods and technologies

12 basic principles of animation Computer Animation Production System Disney Animation: The Illusion of Life Multiplane camera

Documentaries

Frank and Ollie (1995) The Sweatbox (2001) Dream On Silly Dreamer
Dream On Silly Dreamer
(2005) Waking Sleeping Beauty
Waking Sleeping Beauty
(2009)

Other Disney animation units

Disney Television Animation DisneyToon Studios
DisneyToon Studios
(WDAS unit) Lucasfilm Animation Marvel Animation Pixar Animation Studios Circle 7 (defunct)

Miscellaneous

Alice Comedies Laugh-O-Gram Studio List of Disney animated shorts List of Disney theatrical animated features

unproduced

Oswald the Lucky Rabbit Mickey Mouse
Mickey Mouse
(film series) Silly Symphonies Once

.