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Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
(often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Utah. With an estimated population of 190,884 in 2014,[6] the city is the core of the Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
metropolitan area, which has a population of 1,153,340 (2014 estimate). Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is further situated within a larger metropolis known as the Salt Lake City–Ogden–Provo Combined Statistical Area, a corridor of contiguous urban and suburban development stretched along a 120-mile (190 km) segment of the Wasatch Front, comprising a population of 2,423,912 (as of 2014 estimates).[7] It is one of only two major urban areas in the Great Basin.[8] It is also the seat of Salt Lake County, the most populous county in Utah. The world headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) is located in Salt Lake City. The city was founded in 1847 by followers of the church, led by Brigham Young, who were seeking to escape persecution that they had experienced while living farther east. The Mormon pioneers, as they would come to be known, entered an arid valley and immediately began building, planning, and extending an extensive irrigation network which could feed the population and foster future growth. Salt Lake City's street grid system is based on a standard compass grid plan, with the Salt Lake Temple at the origin. Due to its proximity to the Great Salt Lake, the city was named Great Salt Lake City. In 1868, the 17th Utah
Utah
Territorial Legislature dropped the word "Great" from the city's name.[9] Immigration of international members of the church, mining booms, and the construction of the first transcontinental railroad initially brought economic growth, and the city was nicknamed the Crossroads of the West. It was traversed by the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental highway, in 1913. Two major cross-country freeways, I-15 and I-80, now intersect in the city. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has developed a strong outdoor recreation tourist industry based primarily on skiing, and the city hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics. It is the industrial banking center of the United States.[10]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Layout 2.2 Neighborhoods 2.3 Climate 2.4 Parks

2.4.1 City parks

3 Demographics 4 Economy 5 Law and government 6 Education 7 Culture

7.1 Museums and the arts 7.2 Performing arts 7.3 Music 7.4 Festivals 7.5 Conventions 7.6 Events 7.7 Media

8 Main sights 9 Sports and recreation

9.1 Professional sports 9.2 Amateur sports

10 Transportation

10.1 Roads 10.2 Public transportation

10.2.1 Transit bus
Transit bus
service 10.2.2 Light rail 10.2.3 Commuter rail 10.2.4 Intercity bus and rail services

10.3 Air transportation 10.4 Cycling

11 Sister cities 12 See also 13 Notes 14 References

14.1 Literature

15 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Salt Lake City External video 10 Towns that Changed America, WTTW, 56:02, segment from 12:00–16:20[11] Map showing Salt Lake as Mexican territory in 1838Source: Britannica 7th Ed. Before settlement by members of the LDS Church, the Shoshone, Ute, and Paiute had dwelt in the Salt Lake Valley
Salt Lake Valley
for thousands of years. At the time of Salt Lake City's founding, the valley was within the territory of the Northwestern Shoshone;[12] however, occupation was seasonal, near streams emptying from canyons into the Salt Lake Valley. One local Shoshone
Shoshone
tribe, the Western Goshute
Goshute
tribe, referred to the Great Salt Lake
Great Salt Lake
as Pi'a-pa, meaning "big water", or Ti'tsa-pa, meaning "bad water".[13] The land was treated by the United States
United States
as public domain; no aboriginal title by the Northwestern Shoshone
Shoshone
was ever recognized by the United States
United States
or extinguished by treaty with the United States.[14] The first American explorer in the Salt Lake area was probably Jim Bridger
Jim Bridger
in 1825, although others had been in Utah
Utah
earlier, some as far north as the nearby Utah
Utah
Valley (the 1776 Dominguez-Escalante expedition were undoubtedly aware of Salt Lake Valley's existence). U.S. Army officer John C. Frémont
John C. Frémont
surveyed the Great Salt Lake
Great Salt Lake
and the Salt Lake Valley in 1843 and 1845.[15] The Donner Party, a group of ill-fated pioneers, had traveled through the Great Salt Lake
Great Salt Lake
Valley in August 1846.

Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
c. 1880 by Carleton E. Watkins The valley's first permanent settlements date to the arrival of the Latter-day Saints in July 1847.[16] They had traveled beyond the boundaries of the United States
United States
into Mexican Territory[17] seeking a secluded area to safely practice their religion away from the violence and the persecution they experienced in the Eastern United States. Upon arrival at the Salt Lake Valley, president of the church Brigham Young
Brigham Young
is recorded as stating, "This is the right place, drive on." Brigham Young
Brigham Young
claimed to have seen the area in a vision before the wagon train's arrival. They found the broad valley empty of any human settlement.

Part of Main Street, 1890 Four days after arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young designated the building site for the Salt Lake Temple. The Salt Lake Temple, constructed on the block later called Temple Square, took 40 years to complete. Construction started in 1853, and the temple was dedicated on April 6, 1893. The temple has become an icon for the city and serves as its centerpiece. In fact, the southeast corner of Temple Square is the initial point of reference for the Salt Lake meridian, and for all addresses in the Salt Lake Valley. The pioneers organized a state called State of Deseret, and petitioned for its recognition in 1849. The United States
United States
Congress rebuffed the settlers in 1850 and established the Utah
Utah
Territory, vastly reducing its size, and designated Fillmore as its capital city. Great Salt Lake City replaced Fillmore as the territorial capital in 1856, and the name later was shortened to Salt Lake City. The city's population continued to swell with an influx of converts to the LDS Church and Gold Rush
Gold Rush
gold seekers, making it one of the most populous cities in the American Old West. Explorer, ethnologist, and author Richard Francis Burton
Richard Francis Burton
traveled by coach in the summer of 1860 to document life in Great Salt Lake
Great Salt Lake
City. He was granted unprecedented access during his three-week visit, including audiences with Brigham Young
Brigham Young
and other contemporaries of Joseph Smith. The records of his visit include sketches of early city buildings, a description of local geography and agriculture, commentary on its politics and social order, essays, speeches, and sermons from Young, Isaac Morley, George Washington Bradley and other leaders, and snippets of everyday life such as newspaper clippings and the menu from a high-society ball.[18]

Men lounging outside a saloon and a Chinese laundry, 1910 Disputes with the federal government ensued over the church's practice of polygamy. A climax occurred in 1857 when President James Buchanan declared the area in rebellion after Brigham Young
Brigham Young
refused to step down as governor, beginning the Utah
Utah
War. A division of the United States Army, commanded by Albert Sidney Johnston, later a general in the army of the Confederate States of America, marched through the city and found it had been evacuated. They continued their march through the deserted city to vacant land at the SW corner of the valley. There they set up Camp Floyd
Camp Floyd
(40 miles (64 km) south of the city). Another military installation, Fort Douglas, was established in 1862 to maintain Union allegiance during the American Civil War. Many area leaders were incarcerated at the territorial prison in Sugar House in the 1880s for violation of anti-polygamy laws. The church began its eventual abandonment of polygamy in 1890, releasing "The Manifesto", which officially suggested members obey the law of the land (which was equivalent to forbidding new polygamous marriages inside the US and its territories, but not in church member settlements in Canada
Canada
and Mexico). This paved the way for statehood in 1896, when Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
became the state capital. The First Transcontinental Railroad
First Transcontinental Railroad
was completed in 1869 at Promontory Summit
Promontory Summit
on the north side of the Great Salt Lake.[19] A railroad was connected to the city from the Transcontinental Railroad in 1870, making travel less burdensome. Mass migration of different groups followed. Ethnic Chinese (who had laid most of the Central Pacific railway) established a flourishing Chinatown in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
nicknamed "Plum Alley", which housed around 1,800 Chinese during the early 20th century. The Chinese businesses and residences were demolished in 1952 although a historical marker has been erected near the parking ramp which has replaced Plum Alley. Immigrants also found economic opportunities in the booming mining industries. Remnants of a once-thriving Japantown – namely a Buddhist temple and Japanese Christian chapel – remain in downtown Salt Lake City. European ethnic groups and East Coast missionary groups constructed St. Mark's Episcopal Cathedral in 1874, the Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Madeleine
Cathedral of the Madeleine
in 1909 and the Greek Orthodox Holy Trinity Cathedral in 1923. This time period also saw the creation of Salt Lake City's now defunct red-light district that employed 300 courtesans at its height before being closed in 1911.[20]

Panorama of Temple Square
Temple Square
taken in 1912 During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, an extensive streetcar system was constructed throughout the city, with the first streetcar running in 1872 and electrification of the system in 1889. As in the rest of the country, the automobile usurped the streetcar, and the last trolley was approved for conversion in 1941, yet ran until 1945, due to World War II. Trolley buses ran until 1946. Light rail
Light rail
transit returned to the city when UTA's TRAX opened in 1999.[21] The S Line (formerly known as Sugar House Streetcar) opened for service in December 2013 on an old D&RGW right-of-way.[22][23] The city's population began to stagnate during the 20th century as population growth shifted to suburban areas north and south of the city. Few of these areas were annexed to the city, while nearby towns incorporated and expanded. As a result, the population of the surrounding metropolitan area greatly outnumbers Salt Lake City. A major concern of recent government officials has been combating inner-city commercial decay. The city lost population from the 1960s through the 1980s, but experienced some recovery in the 1990s. Presently, the city has gained an estimated 5 percent of its population since the year 2000.[24] The city has experienced significant demographic shifts in recent years.[25] Hispanics now account for approximately 22% of residents and the city has a significant LGBT community.[26] There is also a large Pacific Islander
Pacific Islander
population (mainly Samoans and Tongans); they compose roughly 2% of the population of the Salt Lake Valley area. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
was selected in 1995 to host the 2002 Winter Olympics. The games were plagued with controversy. A bid scandal surfaced in 1998 alleging bribes had been offered to secure the bid. During the games, other scandals erupted over contested judging scores and illegal drug use. Despite the controversies, the games were heralded as a financial success, being one of the few in recent history to turn a profit. In preparation major construction projects were initiated. Local freeways were expanded and repaired, and a light rail system was constructed. Olympic venues are now used for local, national, and international sporting events and Olympic athlete training.[27] Tourism
Tourism
has increased since the Olympic games,[28][failed verification] but business did not pick up immediately following.[29] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
expressed interest in bidding for the 2022 Winter Olympics.[30][31] However, Beijing
Beijing
was selected to host the 2022 Winter Olympics.[32] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
hosted the 16th Winter Deaflympic games in 2007, taking place in the venues in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
and Park City,[33] and Rotary International
Rotary International
chose the city as the host site of their 2007 convention, which was the single largest gathering in Salt Lake City since the 2002 Winter Olympics.[34] The U.S. Volleyball Association convention in 2005 drew 39,500 attendees.

Geography[edit] Main article: Geography of Salt Lake City Astronaut photography of Salt Lake International Airport in west SLC, taken from the International Space Station
International Space Station
(ISS). North is at bottom. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
and adjacent suburbs, facing south Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has an area of 110.4 square miles (286 km2) and an average elevation of 4,327 feet (1,319 m) above sea level. The lowest point within the boundaries of the city is 4,210 feet (1,280 m) near the Jordan River and the Great Salt Lake, and the highest is Grandview Peak,[35] at 9,410 feet (2,868 m).[36] The city is in the northeast corner of the Salt Lake Valley
Salt Lake Valley
surrounded by the Great Salt Lake
Great Salt Lake
to the northwest, the steep Wasatch Range
Wasatch Range
to the east, and Oquirrh Mountains
Oquirrh Mountains
to the west. Its encircling mountains contain several narrow canyons, including City Creek, Emigration, Millcreek, and Parley's which border the eastern city limits. The burgeoning population of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
and the surrounding metropolitan area, combined with its geographical situation, has led to air quality becoming a concern. The Great Basin
Great Basin
is subject to strong temperature inversions during the winter, which trap pollutants and decrease the air quality. The Utah
Utah
Division of Air Quality monitors air quality and issues alerts for voluntary and mandatory actions when pollution exceeds federal safety standards. Protests have been held at the Utah State Capitol
Utah State Capitol
and Democratic lawmakers have introduced legislation in the Utah
Utah
State Legislature to make public transportation free during January and July, when air quality is usually at its worst.[37] The population of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area is projected to double by 2040, putting further pressure on the region's air quality.[38] The Great Salt Lake
Great Salt Lake
is separated from Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
by extensive marshlands and mudflats. The metabolic activities of bacteria in the lake result in a phenomenon known as "lake stink", a scent reminiscent of foul poultry eggs, two to three times per year for a few hours.[39] The Jordan River flows through the city and is a drainage of Utah
Utah
Lake that empties into the Great Salt Lake. The highest mountaintop visible from Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is Twin Peaks, which reaches 11,330 feet (3,450 m).[40] Twin Peaks is southeast of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
in the Wasatch Range. The Wasatch Fault
Wasatch Fault
is found along the western base of the Wasatch and is considered at high risk of producing an earthquake as large as 7.5. Catastrophic damage is predicted in the event of an earthquake with major damage resulting from the liquefaction of the clay- and sand-based soil and the possible permanent flooding of portions of the city by the Great Salt Lake.[41] The second-highest mountain range is the Oquirrhs, reaching a maximum height of 10,620 feet (3,237 m) at Flat Top.[42] The east-west oriented Traverse Mountains to the south extend to 6,000' (1830m), nearly connecting the Wasatch and Oquirrh Mountains. The mountains near Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
are easily visible from the city and have sharp vertical relief caused by ancient earthquakes, with a maximum difference of 7,099 feet (2164 m) being achieved with the rise of Twin Peaks from the Salt Lake Valley
Salt Lake Valley
floor.[40] The Salt Lake Valley
Salt Lake Valley
floor is the ancient lakebed of Lake Bonneville which existed at the end of the last Ice Age. Several Lake Bonneville shorelines can be distinctly seen as terraces on the foothills or benches of nearby mountains.

A panoramic view of Salt Lake City, June 2009 Layout[edit] Plat
Plat
of Salt Lake City, circa 1870s The city, as well as the county, is laid out on a grid plan.[43] Most major streets run very north-south and east-west. The grid's origin is the southeast corner of Temple Square, the block containing the Salt Lake Temple; the north-south axis is Main Street; and the east-west axis is South Temple Street. Addresses are coordinates within the system (similar to latitude and longitude). Odd and even address numbering depends on the quadrant of the grid in which an address is located. The rule is: When traveling away from the grid center (Temple Square) or its axes (Main Street, South Temple Street), odd numbers will be on the left side of the street. The streets are relatively wide due to the direction of Brigham Young, who wanted them wide enough to permit an ox-pulled wagon team to turn around without "resorting to profanity".[44] These wide streets and grid pattern are typical of other Mormon towns of the pioneer era throughout the West. Though the nomenclature may initially confuse new arrivals and visitors, most consider the grid system an aid to navigation. Some streets have names, such as State Street, which would otherwise be known as 100 East. Other streets have honorary names, such as the western portion of 300 South, named "Adam Galvez Street" (for a local Marine corporal killed in action) or others honoring Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr., César Chávez, and John Stockton. These honorary names appear only on street signs and cannot be used in postal addresses.

The Salt Palace In the Avenues neighborhood, north-south streets are given letters of the alphabet, and east-west streets are numbered in 2.5-acre (1.0 ha) blocks, smaller than those in the rest of the city. Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter-day Saint movement, planned the layout in the " Plat
Plat
of the City of Zion" (intended as a template for Mormon towns wherever they might be built). In his plan the city was to be developed into 135 10-acre (4.0 ha) lots. However, the blocks in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
became irregular during the late 19th century when the LDS Church lost authority over growth and before the adoption of zoning ordinances in the 1920s. The original 10-acre (4.0 ha) blocks allowed for large garden plots, and many were supplied with irrigation water from ditches that ran approximately where modern curbs and gutters would be laid. The original water supply was from City Creek. Subsequent development of water resources was from successively more southern streams flowing from the mountains east of the city. Some old irrigation ditches are still visible in the eastern suburbs, or are still marked on maps, years after they were gone. There are still some canals that deliver water as required by water rights. Many lots, in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
and surrounding areas, have irrigation water rights attached to them. Local water systems, in particular Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Public Utilities, have a tendency to acquire or trade for these water rights. These can then be traded for culinary water rights to water imported into the valley. At its peak, irrigation in the valley comprised over one hundred distinct canal systems, many originating at the Jordan Narrows at the south end of the valley. Water and water rights were important in the 19th and early 20th centuries. As heavy agricultural usage changed into a more urban and suburban pattern, canal water companies were gradually replaced by culinary water systems.

Neighborhoods[edit] See also: List of Salt Lake City neighborhoods and Buildings and sites of Salt Lake City, Utah
Utah
§ Neighborhoods and areas Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has many informal neighborhoods. The eastern portion of the city is less affordable than its western counterpart. This is a result of the railroad being built in the western half as well as panoramic views from inclined ground in the eastern portion. Housing is more economically diverse on the west side, which results in demographic differences. Interstate 15
Interstate 15
was also built in a north-south line, further dividing east and west sides of the city. The west side of the city has historically been more culturally diverse. People of many faiths, races, and backgrounds live in the neighborhoods of Rose Park, Westpointe, Poplar Grove, and Glendale. It has always been considered a classic and diverse area, although recently its affordability has attracted many professionals and the more youthful generation.

Sugar House Sugar House, in southeastern Salt Lake City, has a reputation as an older neighborhood with small shops in the center.[45] Sugar House is an area which has been the focus of redevelopment efforts such as the UTA S-Line Streetcar. In late 2015 there were approximately 900 apartment units either recently built or under construction in the Sugar House area, with an additional 492 units proposed.[46] Northeast of Downtown is The Avenues, a neighborhood outside of the regular grid system on smaller blocks. The area between 6th Avenue to South Temple Street is a Historical District that is nearly entirely residential, and contains many historical Victorian era homes. Recently the Avenues is becoming known for restaurants and shops opening in old retail space mixed within the community. The Avenues are situated on the upward-sloping bench in the foothills of the Wasatch Range, with the earlier built homes in the lower elevation. The Avenues, along with Federal Heights, just to the east and north of the University of Utah, and the Foothill area, south of the university, contain gated communities, large, multimillion-dollar houses, and panoramic views of the valley. Many consider this some of the most desirable real estate in the valley. In addition to larger centers like Sugar House and Downtown, Salt Lake City contains several smaller neighborhoods, each named after the closest major intersection. Two examples are the 9th and 9th (at the intersection of 900 East and 900 South Streets) and 15th & 15th (at the intersection of 1500 East and 1500 South Streets) neighborhoods. These areas are home to foot-traffic friendly, amenities-based businesses such as art galleries, clothing retail, salons, restaurants and coffee shops. During the summer of 2007, 9th and 9th saw sidewalk and street improvements as well as an art installation by Troy Pillow of Seattle, Washington inspired by the 9 Muses of Greek myth, thanks in part to a monetary grant from Salt Lake City. Many of the homes in the valley date from pre– World War II
World War II
times, and only a select few areas, such as Federal Heights and the East Bench, as well as the far west side, including parts of Rose Park and Glendale, have seen new home construction since the 1970s.

Climate[edit] Main article: Climate of Salt Lake City Köppen climate types of Utah The climate of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is commonly claimed to be semi-arid, but under the Köppen climate classification, Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has either a dry-summer hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dsa), or a hot-summer mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa), depending on if you use the 0°C or -3°C isotherm. The city is characterised by hot, somewhat dry summers and cool to cold, snowy winters.[47]. The primary source of precipitation in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is massive storms that move in from the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
along the jet stream from October to May. In mid-to-late summer, when the jet stream retreats far to the north, precipitation mainly comes from afternoon thunderstorms caused by monsoon moisture moving up from the Gulf of California. Although rainfall can be heavy, these storms are usually scattered in coverage and rarely severe. However, downtown was hit by an F2 tornado on August 11, 1999, killing 1 person, injuring 60, and causing $170 million in damage. The remnants of tropical cyclones from the East Pacific can rarely reach the city during Fall. The remnants of Hurricane Olivia helped bring the record monthly precipitation of 7.04 inches (179 mm) in September 1982.[48][49] 1983 was the wettest year on record, with 24.26 inches (616 mm), while 1979 was the driest, when 8.70 inches (221 mm) were recorded.[50] Spring snowmelt from the surrounding mountains can cause localized stream flooding during late spring and early summer, the worst examples being in 1952 and especially 1983, when City Creek burst its banks, (Creek-bed scouring in Memory Grove, caused by high spring run-off in City Creek, filled much of the submerged waterway running westward under North Temple Street towards the Jordan River) forcing city engineers to convert several downtown streets into waterways.[51]

Salt Lake City, Utah

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    1.3     37 22

    1.3     43 25

    1.8     54 34

    2     62 40

    2     72 48

    1     83 56

    0.6     93 65

    0.7     91 63

    1.2     79 53

    1.5     65 41

    1.5     49 31

    1.4     38 23

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

Metric conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    32     3 −6

    32     6 −4

    45     12 1

    51     16 4

    50     22 9

    25     28 14

    15     34 18

    18     33 17

    31     26 12

    39     18 5

    37     10 −1

    36     3 −5

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Snow falls on average from November 6 to April 18, producing a total average of 60 inches (152 cm), although measurable snow has fallen as early as September 17 and as late as May 28.[52][53][54] The snowiest season was 1951–52, with 117.3 inches (298 cm), while the least snowy season was 16.6 inches (42 cm) in 1933–34.[55] The snowiest month on record was January 1993, in which 50.3 inches (128 cm) were recorded.[56] The nearby Great Salt Lake
Great Salt Lake
is a significant contributor to precipitation in the city. The lake effect can enhance rain from summer thunderstorms and produces lake-effect snow approximately 6 to 8 times per year, some of which can produce prodigious snowfall amounts. It is estimated about 10% of the annual precipitation in the city can be attributed to the lake effect.[57] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
features large variations in temperatures between seasons. During summer, there are an average of 56 days per year with temperatures of at least 90 °F (32.2 °C), 23 days of at least 95 °F (35 °C), and 5 days of 100 °F (37.8 °C).[58] However, average daytime July humidity is only 22%.[59] Winters are quite cold but rarely frigid. While an average of 127 days drop to or below freezing, and 26 days with high temperatures that fail to rise above freezing, the city only averages 2.3 days at or below 0 °F (−17.8 °C). The record high temperature is 107 °F (42 °C), which occurred first on July 26, 1960 and again on July 13, 2002, while the record low is −30 °F (−34 °C), which occurred on February 9, 1933.[60] During mid-winter, strong areas of high pressure often stagnate over the Great Basin, leading to strong temperature inversions. This causes air stagnation and thick smog in the valley from several days to weeks at a time and can result in the nation's worst air-pollution levels.[61][62] This same effect will also occasionally play a role in the summer months, causing tropospheric ozone to peak in July & August, but in 2015 it started at the beginning of June.[63] In 2016 Salt Lake's air quality was ranked 6th worst in the nation by the American Lung Association. It received an F grade for both ozone and particulate matter. Particulate pollution is considered especially dangerous, as the tiny pollutants can lodge deep in lung tissue. Both ozone and particulate pollution are associated with increased rates of strokes, heart attacks, respiratory disease, cancer and premature death.[64] Outdoor air particulates have been associated with low and very low birth weight, premature birth, congenital defects, and death.[65]

Climate data for Salt Lake City International Airport
Salt Lake City International Airport
(1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1874–present)[b]

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Record high °F (°C)

63(17)

69(21)

80(27)

89(32)

99(37)

105(41)

107(42)

106(41)

100(38)

89(32)

75(24)

69(21)

107(42)

Mean maximum °F (°C)

51.8(11.0)

58.8(14.9)

70.4(21.3)

80.2(26.8)

88.9(31.6)

97.9(36.6)

101.9(38.8)

99.6(37.6)

93.9(34.4)

82.0(27.8)

67.1(19.5)

54.3(12.4)

102.3(39.1)

Average high °F (°C)

37.4(3.0)

43.2(6.2)

53.7(12.1)

61.6(16.4)

71.9(22.2)

83.0(28.3)

92.6(33.7)

90.5(32.5)

79.2(26.2)

64.7(18.2)

49.4(9.7)

38.0(3.3)

63.8(17.7)

Daily mean °F (°C)

29.5(−1.4)

34.2(1.2)

43.6(6.4)

50.6(10.3)

59.8(15.4)

69.7(20.9)

78.7(25.9)

77.0(25.0)

66.1(18.9)

53.0(11.7)

40.0(4.4)

30.3(−0.9)

52.8(11.6)

Average low °F (°C)

21.6(−5.8)

25.2(−3.8)

33.6(0.9)

39.5(4.2)

47.8(8.8)

56.4(13.6)

64.7(18.2)

63.4(17.4)

53.0(11.7)

41.3(5.2)

30.6(−0.8)

22.6(−5.2)

41.6(5.3)

Mean minimum °F (°C)

6.5(−14.2)

9.2(−12.7)

21.0(−6.1)

28.7(−1.8)

34.8(1.6)

43.5(6.4)

54.9(12.7)

52.4(11.3)

39.7(4.3)

29.5(−1.4)

16.9(−8.4)

7.3(−13.7)

0.9(−17.3)

Record low °F (°C)

−22(−30)

−30(−34)

0(−18)

14(−10)

25(−4)

32(0)

40(4)

37(3)

27(−3)

16(−9)

−14(−26)

−21(−29)

−30(−34)

Average precipitation inches (mm)

1.25(32)

1.25(32)

1.79(45)

1.99(51)

1.95(50)

0.98(25)

0.61(15)

0.69(18)

1.21(31)

1.52(39)

1.45(37)

1.41(36)

16.10(409)

Average snowfall inches (cm)

12.5(32)

10.7(27)

6.5(17)

4.0(10)

0.3(0.76)

0(0)

0(0)

0(0)

0(0)

1.4(3.6)

7.6(19)

13.2(34)

56.2(143)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)

10.1

9.4

9.9

9.9

9.0

5.6

4.4

5.4

5.8

7.1

9.1

9.9

95.6

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)

8.5

6.2

4.2

2.4

0.2

0

0

0

0

0.9

4.2

8.2

34.8

Average relative humidity (%)

74.0

69.8

60.2

53.2

48.7

41.4

35.9

38.5

45.6

55.7

66.3

74.3

55.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours

127.4

163.1

241.9

269.1

321.7

360.5

380.5

352.5

301.1

248.1

150.4

113.1

3,029.4

Percent possible sunshine

43

55

65

67

72

80

83

83

81

72

50

39

68

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990),[60][66][67][68][69]

Parks[edit] The largest park in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is This Is the Place Heritage Park, a part of the Utah
Utah
State Parks system.[70] At 217.5 acres, This is the Place Heritage Park re-creates typical 19th century LDS pioneer life and contains over 50 restored or replicated historical buildings. This is the Place Monument
This is the Place Monument
also is located within the park, marking the end of the Mormon trail. Sugar House Park
Sugar House Park
is the second largest park in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
at 110 acres (45 ha) and is a part of the Salt Lake County park system. The park is known for its large, rolling hills surrounding a 4.5 acres (1.8 ha) pond with fountains.[71] It is also the site of the annual Fourth of July fireworks. Red Butte Garden and Arboretum, in the foothills of Salt Lake City, features many different exhibits and also hosts many musical concerts. It is operated by the University of Utah.

City parks[edit] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has a system of 85 municipal parks.[72] Some of the most notable are:

Liberty Park (100 acres (40 ha))[73] is the city's largest park and features a lake with two islands in the middle and the Tracy Aviary. The park is home to a large number of birds, both wild and in the aviary. City Creek Park (4 acres (1.6 ha))[74] Pioneer Park (10 acres (4.0 ha))[75] Lindsey Gardens (15.25 acres (6.17 ha))[76] Gilgal Garden (3 acres (1.2 ha))[77] Jordan Park (33.5 acres (13.6 ha)) is home to the International Peace Gardens. Bonneville Shoreline Trail
Bonneville Shoreline Trail
is a popular hiking and biking nature trail which spans 90 miles (140 km) through the foothills of the Wasatch Front. Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

%± 18506,157—18608,23633.8%187012,85456.1%188020,76861.6%189044,843115.9%190053,53119.4%191092,77773.3%1920116,11025.1%1930140,26720.8%1940149,9346.9%1950182,12121.5%1960189,4544.0%1970175,885−7.2%1980163,034−7.3%1990159,936−1.9%2000181,74313.6%2010186,4402.6%Est. 2018200,591[78]7.6%Source:[79]US Decennial Census[80]

Racial composition 2017 (est.)[81] 2010[82] 1990[83] 1970[83] 1950[83]

White 73.7% 75.1% 87.0% 96.8% 98.3%

—Non-Hispanic 65.9% 65.7% 82.6% 90.6%[84] n/a

Black or African American 2.0% 2.6% 1.7% 1.2% 0.6%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 21.3% 22.3% 9.7% 6.4%[84] n/a

Asian (includes Pacific Islander
Pacific Islander
up to 1990) 5.4% 4.4% 4.7% 1.1% 1.0%

Pacific Islander 1.7% 2.0% n/a n/a n/a

Native American and Alaska
Alaska
Native 1.3% 1.2% n/a n/a n/a

Map of racial distribution in Salt Lake City, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian, Hispanic or Other (yellow) US Census Bureau estimates for 2016[85] listed 193,744 people in Salt Lake City. The racial makeup of the county was 65.0% non-Hispanic White, 2.5% Black, 1.1% Native American, 5.6% Asian, 1.7% Pacific Islander, and 2.8% from two or more races. 21.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. At the 2010 census, Salt Lake City's population was 75.1% White, 2.6% African American, 1.2% American Indian and Alaska
Alaska
Native, 4.4% Asian, 2.0% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 10.7% from other races and 3.7% of mixed descent. 22.3% of the total population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[86] The city's population has historically been predominantly white.[83] Between 1860 and 1950 whites represented about 99% of the city's population but this somewhat changed in the decades that followed.[83] As of 2010[update], 37.0% of the population had a bachelor's degree or higher. 18.5% of the population was foreign born and another 1.1% was born in Puerto Rico, U.S. insular territories, or born abroad to American parent(s). 27.0% spoke a language other than English at home. There are 186,440 people (up from 181,743 in 2000), 75,177 households, and 57,543 families in the city. This amounts to 6.75% of Utah's population, 18.11% of Salt Lake County's population, and 16.58% of the new Salt Lake metropolitan population.[4] The area within the city limits covers 14.2% of Salt Lake County. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is more densely populated than the surrounding metro area with a population density of 1,688.77/sqmi (1,049.36/km²). There are 80,724 housing units at an average density of 731.2/sqmi (454.35/km²). The Salt Lake City-Ogden metropolitan area, which included Salt Lake, Davis, and Weber counties, had a population of 1,333,914 in 2000, a 24.4% increase over the 1990 figure of 1,072,227. Since the 2000 Census, the Census Bureau has added Summit and Tooele counties to the Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
metropolitan area, but removed Davis and Weber counties and designated them as the separate Ogden-Clearfield metropolitan area. The Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield combined statistical area, together with the Provo-Orem metropolitan area, which lies to the south, have a combined population of 2,094,035 as of July 1, 2008. There are 75,177 households, out of which 27.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% are married couples living together, 10.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 44.3% are other types of households. Of the 75,177 households, 3,904 were reported to be unmarried partner households: 3,047 heterosexual, 458 same-sex male, and 399 same-sex female. 33.2% of all households are made up of individuals, and 9.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.48, and the average family size is 3.24. The city's age distribution (as of 2000):

23.6% under 18 15.2% from 18 to 24 33.4% from 25 to 44 16.7% from 45 to 64 11.0% 65 or older The median age is 30 years. For every 100 females, there are 102.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 101.2 males. The median income for a household in the city is $36,944, and the median income for a family is $45,140. Males have a median income of $31,511 versus $26,403 for females. The per capita income for the city is $20,752. 15.3% of the population and 10.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 18.7% of those under the age of 18 and 8.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Large family sizes and low housing vacancy rates, which have inflated housing costs along the Wasatch Front, have led to one out of every six residents living below the poverty line. According to the Census Bureau's American Community Survey of 2017, the highest disparity in income in Utah
Utah
is in Salt Lake City. Salt Lake City's GINI Index score was 0.4929, compared with the state's overall score of 0.423. The west-side areas of Salt Lake have the lowest-incomes while areas like the upper Avenues, have much higher incomes. Other Utah
Utah
cities with relatively high scores include Provo, 0.4734; and Ogden, 0.4632.[87] Fewer than 50% of Salt Lake City's residents are members of the LDS Church. This is a much lower proportion than in Utah's more rural municipalities; altogether, LDS members make up about 62% of Utah's population.[88] The Rose Park and Glendale sections are predominantly Spanish-speaking with Hispanic and Latino Americans
Hispanic and Latino Americans
accounting for 60% of public school-children.[89] The Centro Civico Mexicano acts as a community gathering point for the Wasatch Front's estimated 300,000 Latinos,[90] Mexican President Vicente Fox
Vicente Fox
began his 2006 US tour in Salt Lake City. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is home to a Bosnian American
Bosnian American
community of more than 8,000, most of whom arrived during the Bosnian War
Bosnian War
in the 1990s.[91] The large Pacific Islander
Pacific Islander
population, mainly Samoan and Tongan, is also centered in the Rose Park, Glendale, and Poplar Grove sectors. Most of Salt Lake City's ethnic Pacific Islanders are members of the LDS Church,[92] though various Samoan and Tongan-speaking congregations are situated throughout the Salt Lake area including Samoan Congregational, Tongan Wesleyan Methodist, and Roman Catholic. Just outside Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
limits, newer immigrant communities include Nepalis, and refugees of Karen origin from Myanmar
Myanmar
(former Burma). Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
also has the third largest Sri Lankan community in the United States.[93] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has been considered one of the top 51 "gay-friendly places to live" in the U.S.[94] The city is home to a large, business savvy, organized, and politically supported gay community. Leaders of the Episcopal Church's Diocese of Utah,[95][96] as well as leaders of Utah's largest Jewish congregation, the Salt Lake Kol Ami,[97] along with three elected representatives of the city identify themselves as gay. These developments have attracted controversy from socially conservative officials representing other regions of the state. A 2006 study by UCLA estimates approximately 7.6% of the city's population, or almost 14,000 people, are openly gay or bisexual, compared to just 3.7%, or just over 60,000 people, for the metropolitan area as a whole.[98] In 2007, Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
was ranked by Forbes as the most vain city in America, based on the number of plastic surgeons per 100,000 and their spending habits on cosmetics, which exceed cities of similar size.[99] However, this likely reflects a concentration of plastic surgeons within the city limits but whose client base includes the entire metropolitan area. Forbes also found the city to be the 8th most stressful. In contrast to the 2007 ranking by Forbes, a 2010 study conducted by Portfolio.com and bizjournals concluded Salt Lake City was the least stressful city in the United States.[100] In 2014, CNN deemed Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
to be the least stressed-out city in the United States, citing the low cost of living and abundance of jobs.[101] A 2008 study by the magazines Men's Health and Women's Health found Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
to be the healthiest city for women by looking at 38 different factors, including cancer rates, air quality, and the number of gym memberships.[102]

Economy[edit] Main article: Economy of Salt Lake City Recreational tourism in the Wasatch Mountains
Wasatch Mountains
is a major source of employment. Zions Bancorporation
Zions Bancorporation
headquarters in Salt Lake City This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (July 2014) Historically known as the "Crossroads of the West" for its railroads, when nearby steel, mining and railroad operations provided a strong source of income with Silver King Coalition Mines, Geneva Steel, Bingham Canyon Mine, and oil refineries, Salt Lake City's modern economy is service-oriented. Today the city's major sectors are government, trade, transportation, utilities, and professional and business services. The daytime population of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
proper swells to over 315,000 people, not including tourists or students.[103] Local, state, and federal governments have a large presence in the city, and trade, transportation, and utilities provide significant employment, with the major employer being the Delta hub at Salt Lake City International Airport. Equally significant are the professional and business services, while health services and health educational services are significant areas of employment, including the largest health care provider in the Intermountain West, Intermountain Healthcare. Other major employers include the University of Utah, Sinclair Oil Corporation, and the LDS Church. Besides its central offices, the LDS Church owns and operates a for-profit division, Deseret Management Corporation
Deseret Management Corporation
and its subsidiaries, which are headquartered in the city. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is home to two Fortune 1000 companies, Zions Bancorporation and Questar Corporation.[104] Other notable firms headquartered in the city include AlphaGraphics, Sinclair Oil Corporation, Smith's Food and Drug
Smith's Food and Drug
(owned by national grocer Kroger), MonaVie, Myriad Genetics, Creminelli Fine Meats
Creminelli Fine Meats
and Vehix.com.[105] Notable firms based in nearby cities within the metropolitan area include Arctic Circle Restaurants, FranklinCovey, and Overstock.com. Metropolitan Salt Lake was also once the headquarters of American Stores, the Skaggs Companies, and ZCMI, one of the first department stores; it is now owned by Macy's, Inc. Former ZCMI stores now operate under the Macy's label. High-tech firms with a large presence in the suburbs include Adobe, ColcaSac, eBay, Unisys, Siebel, Micron, L-3 Communications, Telarus, and 3M. Goldman Sachs has its second-largest presence in Salt Lake City. Other economic activities include tourism, conventions, and major suburban call centers. Tourism
Tourism
has increased since the 2002 Olympic Winter Games,[28] and many hotels and restaurants were built for the events. The convention industry has expanded since construction of the Salt Palace
Salt Palace
convention center in the late 1990s, which hosts trade shows and conventions, including the annual Outdoor Retailers meeting and the Novell BrainShare conference. Downtown Salt Lake City
Downtown Salt Lake City
continues to modernize its commercial real estate. 111 Main, a 440,542 sq. ft. Class A office tower was expected to finish construction during the 4th quarter of 2016. Other projects in the downtown area include the 2,500-seat George S. and Dolores Dore Eccles Theater, and a mixed use retail and boutique hotel planned along Regent Street.[106]

Law and government[edit] Seat of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
government c. 1894 The Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
and County Building has been the seat of city government since 1894. It also served as Utah's first statehouse from 1896 until the current Utah State Capitol
Utah State Capitol
was dedicated on October 9, 1916.[107] Since 1979 Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has had a non-partisan mayor-council form of government. The mayor and the seven councillors are elected to staggered four-year terms. Council seats are defined by geographic population boundaries. Each councilor represents approximately 26,000 citizens. Officials are not subject to term limits. Municipal elections throughout Utah
Utah
are non-partisan. The most recent election was held on November 7, 2017. James Rogers ran unopposed and retained his seat on the council, along with Erin Mendenhall who won against George Chapman.[108] Amy Fowler and Chris Wharton were elected to fill vacancies.[109] Erin Mendenhall won Council Chair for 2018. Members of the city council also serve as the governing board of the city's Redevelopment Agency.

Elected officials of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
as of 2016[update]

Official Position Assumed office Term ends

Jackie Biskupski
Jackie Biskupski
(D) Mayor 2016 2020

City Council

James Rogers District 1 2014 2022

Andrew Johnston District 2 2016 2020

Chris Wharton, Vice Chair District 3 2018 2022

Ana Valdemoros District 4 2019 2020

Erin Mendenhall, Chair District 5 2014 2022

Charlie Luke, Vice Chair District 6 2012 2020

Amy Fowler District 7 2018 2022

Elections are held in odd-numbered years. Candidates take office in January of the following year. The separation of church and state was the most heated topic in the days of the Liberal Party and People's Party of Utah, when many candidates were also would-be LDS Church bishops. This tension is still reflected today with the Bridging the Religious Divide campaign.[110] This campaign was initiated when some city residents complained the Utah
Utah
political establishment was unfair in its dealings with non-LDS residents by giving the LDS Church preferential treatment, while LDS residents perceived a growing anti-Mormon bias in city politics. The city's political demographics are considerably more liberal than the rest of Utah. While Utah
Utah
as a whole is a strongly conservative and Republican state, Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is considered a Democratic bastion. Since 1976, all of the city's mayors have been Democrats. The city is home to several non-governmental think-tanks and advocacy groups such as the conservative Sutherland Institute, the progressive Alliance for a Better Utah, the gay-rights group Equality Utah, and the quality-growth advocates Envision Utah. Salt Lake hosted many foreign dignitaries during the 2002 Winter Olympics, and in 2006 the president of Mexico
Mexico
began his U.S. tour in the city and Israel's ambassador to the United States
United States
opened a cultural center.[111] President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
visited in 2005 and again in 2006 for national veterans' conventions; both visits were protested by then- Mayor
Mayor
Rocky Anderson. Other political leaders such as Howard Dean and Harry Reid
Harry Reid
gave speeches in the city in 2005. In July 2013, a new Public Safety Building housing police, fire, and emergency dispatch employees opened. It was billed as the largest net zero energy building in the nation at opening, and is expected to be certified LEED Platinum.[112] The Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Fire Department operates out of 14 fire stations.

See also: List of mayors of Salt Lake City See also: Joe_Hill § Trial Education[edit] Main articles: Education in Salt Lake City and Salt Lake County—Education Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Public Library. The American Library Association called it the best in the US in 2006. The University of Utah
Utah
Medical Center In 1847 LDS pioneer Jane Dillworth held the first classes in her tent for the children of the first LDS families. In the last part of the 19th century, there was much controversy over how children in the area should be educated. LDS and non-LDS could not agree on the level of religious influence in schools. Today, many LDS youths in grades 9 through 12 attend some form of religious instruction in addition to the public-school sessions, referred to as seminary. Students are released from public schools at various times of the day to attend seminary.[113][114] LDS seminaries are usually on church-owned property adjacent to the public school and within walking distance.[115] Because of high birth rates and large classrooms, Utah
Utah
spends less per student than any other state, yet also spends more per capita (of total state population) than any state with the exception of Alaska. Money is always a challenge, and many businesses donate to support schools. Several districts have set up foundations to raise money. Recently, money was approved for the reconstruction of more than half of the elementary schools and one of the middle schools in the Salt Lake City School District, which serves most of the area within the city limits. There are twenty-three K-6 elementary schools, five 7–8 middle schools, three 9–12 high schools (Highland, East, and West, with the former South High being converted to the South City campus of the Salt Lake Community College), and an alternative high school (Horizonte) within the school district. In addition, Highland has recently been selected as the site for the charter school Salt Lake School for the Performing Arts (SPA). Many Catholic schools are in the city, including Judge Memorial Catholic High School. Rowland Hall-St. Mark's School, established in 1867 by Episcopal Bishop Daniel Tuttle,[116] is the area's premier independent school. The Salt Lake City Public Library
Salt Lake City Public Library
system consists of the main library downtown, and five branches in various neighborhoods. The main library, designed by renowned architect Moshe Safdie, opened in 2003. In 2006, the Salt Lake City Public Library
Salt Lake City Public Library
was named "Library of the Year" by the American Library Association.[117] Postsecondary educational options in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
include the University of Utah, Westminster College, Salt Lake Community College, Stevens-Henager College, Eagle Gate
Eagle Gate
College, The Art Institute of Salt Lake City, Violin Making School of America (now named Peter Prier & Sons Violins), and LDS Business College. Utah
Utah
State University, Neumont College of Computer Science
Neumont College of Computer Science
and Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University also operate education centers in the city. There are also many trade and technical schools such as Healing Mountain Massage School and the Utah College of Massage Therapy. The University of Utah
Utah
is noted for its research and medical programs. It was one of the original four universities to be connected to ARPANET, the predecessor to the Internet,[118] in 1969, and was the site of the first artificial heart transplant in 1982.[119]

Culture[edit] Museums and the arts[edit] The Denver
Denver
and Rio Grande Western Depot now serves as home to the Utah
Utah
Department of Heritage and Arts and the Rio Gallery. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is home to several museums. Near Temple Square
Temple Square
is the Church History Museum. Operated by the LDS Church, the museum contains collections of artifacts, documents, art, photographs, tools, clothing and furniture from the history of the LDS Church, which spans nearly two centuries. West of Temple Square, at The Gateway, is the Clark Planetarium, which houses an IMAX
IMAX
theater, and Discovery Gateway, a children's museum. The University of Utah
Utah
campus is home to the Utah Museum of Fine Arts as well as the Natural History Museum of Utah. Other museums in the area include the Utah
Utah
State Historical Society, Daughters of Utah
Utah
Pioneers Memorial Museum, Fort Douglas
Fort Douglas
Military Museum, the Social Hall Heritage Museum, and The Leonardo, a new art, science and technology museum housed in the previous Salt Lake City Library building. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is home to several classic movie theaters including the Tower Theatre and the Broadway Theater, both of which host the Salt Lake Film Society members and shows. The Salt Lake Film Society puts on free shows at the Rose Wagner Theater and the Salt Lake Public Library. On December 5, 2007, the Salt Lake Chamber and Downtown Alliance announced a two-block section of downtown south of the planned City Creek Center is planned to become a new arts hub. This will include renovations to two theaters in the area and a new theater with a seating capacity of 2,400 and increased space for galleries and artists. The opening of the new facilities was anticipated to coincide with the opening of the City Creek Center in 2011, but they have yet to be completed.[120] The $81.5 million theater site was announced, and attempts to secure funding began.[121] The theater plans have come under criticism, however, especially from nearby smaller theaters which host Off-Broadway tours and claim such a theater cannot be supported and will hurt their business.[122]

Performing arts[edit] Abravanel Hall Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
provides venues for both professional and amateur theatre. The city attracts traveling Broadway and Off-Broadway performances in the historic Capitol Theatre. Local professional acting companies include the Pioneer Theatre Company, Salt Lake Acting Company, and Plan-B Theatre Company, which is the only theatre company in Utah
Utah
fully devoted to developing new plays by Utah
Utah
playwrights. The Off-Broadway Theatre, in Salt Lake's historic Clift Building,[123] features comedy plays and Utah's longest-running improv comedy troupe, Laughing Stock. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is home to The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square, founded in 1847 as the Mormon Tabernacle Choir. The choir's weekly program, called Music and the Spoken Word, is the world's longest-running continuous network broadcast.[124] Salt Lake City is the home to the Utah
Utah
Symphony Orchestra, which was founded in 1940 by Maurice Abravanel and has become widely renowned. Its current music director is Thierry Fischer. The orchestra's original home was the Salt Lake Tabernacle, but since 1979 has performed at Abravanel Hall in the western downtown area. In 2002, Utah
Utah
Symphony merged with Utah
Utah
Opera, which was founded in 1978 by Glade Peterson and under current Artistic Director Christopher McBeth annually presents four opera productions in the Capitol Theatre. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
area is home to the renowned children's choir from The Madeleine Choir School, and the Salt Lake Children's Choir (established in 1979). The University of Utah
Utah
is home to two highly ranked dance departments, the Ballet Department and the Department of Modern Dance. Professional dance companies in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
include Ballet West, Ririe-Woodbury Dance Company (which celebrated its 45th anniversary season in 2008/2009) and Repertory Dance Theatre. The Rose Wagner Performing Arts Center is host to both RWDC and RDT.

Music[edit] The city has an eclectic music scene that includes hip hop, blues, rock and roll, punk, deathcore, horrorcore and indie groups. Popular groups or persons who started in the Wasatch Front
Wasatch Front
area, or were raised in and influenced by it, include Iceburn, Eagle Twin, The Almost, The Brobecks, Meg and Dia, Royal Bliss, Shedaisy, The Summer Obsession, Theater of Ice, The Used
The Used
and Chelsea Grin. Salt Lake has an underground metal scene with bands such as Gaza and Bird Eater. During the summer, Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
hosts the Twilight Concert series, a free summer concert series. The series has been a part of the Salt Lake City music scene since the late 1980s. In 2010, crowds peaked at 40,000 attendees in downtown's Pioneer Park.[125]

Festivals[edit] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has a thriving festival culture. Various festivals happen throughout the year, celebrating the diversity of the valley's communities. From culture, food, religion and spirituality, to dance, music, spoken word, and film, almost any type of festival can be found. Many of the festivals have been ongoing for decades.

The rainbow flag at the conclusion of the 2014 Utah
Utah
Pride parade. The Utah
Utah
Pride Festival
Festival
is an annual LGBTQ
LGBTQ
festival, held in June. Started in 1983, it has grown to a three-day festival with attendance exceeding 50,000. It is sponsored by the Utah
Utah
Pride Center. It is the second largest festival behind Days of '47 and is one of the nation's largest festivals.[126][127][128] The festival includes hundreds of vendors, food, music stars, a 5k run, a dyke and trans march, and an interfaith service by the Utah
Utah
Pride Interfaith Coalition.[129] The Utah
Utah
Arts Festival
Festival
has been held annually since 1977 with an average attendance of 80,000. About 130 booths are available for visual artists, and five performance venues for musicians.[130]

The Dark Arts Festival
Festival
is an annual 3-day festival dedicated to the goth and industrial subcultures. The festival started in 1993, and is hosted at the local goth club Area 51.[131][132][133] The festival contracts bands to play during the event. 2015's lineup included Tragic Black, The Gothsicles, Adrian H & the Wounds, and Hocico.[134] Hocico performing at the 2015 Dark Arts Festival The Utah
Utah
Arts Alliance hosts an annual Urban Arts Festival, usually drawing over 20,000, and featuring artists displaying and selling paintings, sculpture, photography, and jewelry. Live music is provided, mixing rock, hip hop, R&B, funk, and jazz, and workshops for interests such as skateboarding and gardening take place. The festival also hosts the Voice of the City film festival which allows local filmmakers to show their version of Salt Lake.[135] The Jewish Arts Festival, hosted by the IJ and Jeanné Wagner JCC of Salt Lake City, showcases Jewish culture through workshops, theater, food, film, art, and contemporary music from the local and global Jewish communities.[136][137] The Sugar House neighborhood[138] holds an annual arts festival on July 4, with local artists, performances, music, food, and vendors. The festival coincides with the fireworks show at Sugar House Park in the evening.[139][140] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
also hosts portions of the Sundance Film Festival. The festival, which is held each year, brings many cultural icons, movie stars, celebrities, and thousands of film buffs to see the largest independent film festival in the United States. The headquarters of the event is in nearby Park City. There are several other annual festivals, including FilmQuest, Salty Horror Con & Film, Damn These Heels, and the Voice of the City. FilmQuest began in 2014 and features selected genres such as fantasy and science fiction.[141] Salty Horror, which began in 2010, is a competition-based horror film festival.[142] Damn These Heels Film Festival, part of the Utah
Utah
Film center, was started in 1994. It focuses on independent, documentary, and foreign feature-length films surrounding LGBTQ
LGBTQ
issues, ideas, and art.[143][144] Voice of the City is part of the Urban Arts Festival
Festival
and allows local filmmakers to show their version of Salt Lake. The 2015 Great Salt Lake
Great Salt Lake
Fringe Festival
Festival
was the first performance festival in Salt Lake City. The 4-day festival included various performances involving music, dance, theatre, spoken word, circus arts, magic, and puppetry.[145][146] The Living Traditions Festival
Festival
is a 3-day multicultural arts festival hosted by the Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Arts Council, started in 1985. The festival celebrates traditional dance, music, crafts and food from the various contemporary ethnic communities of Salt Lake City.[147][148] Earth Jam is an annual festival celebrated in Salt Lake's Liberty Park to celebrate Earth Day through music. The free festival focuses on music, and hosts speakers, vendors, food, performing art, a Goddess pageant, and children's garden.[149] The Live Green SLC! Festival
Festival
aims to showcase sustainable products, ideas, and solutions from renewable technologies for the everyday household.[150] The festival promotes education, sustainability, and accessibility to green and organic products and services.[151] Craft Lake City DIY (Do-It-Yourself) festival is an artisan festival that promotes the use of science and technology to help local artists produce their crafts such as silk screens, jewelry, and other mediums. The festival promotes education through workshops, galleries, and demonstrations which includes various vendors and food.[152] The 9th and 9th Street Festival
Festival
is an annual neighborhood festival celebration of art, music, and crafts, held at 900 East/900 South Streets.[153]

Carmelite Festival
Festival
2015 live band at the Carmelite Monastery of Salt Lake City The Catholic Nuns of Carmelite Monastery hold an annual fair each autumn in Holladay, a suburb of Salt Lake City. The festival includes music, food, a live auction, Golf for the Nuns tournament, a prize giveaway, and a 5k Run for the Nuns marathon.[154][155] The Sri Sri Ganesh Hindu Temple of Utah, in Salt Lake City, has an annual Ganesh Festival
Festival
called Ganesh Chathurthi.[156] The 10-day festival is devoted to rites of worship of the Hindu God Ganesh. In 2014 the festival was hosted at the Krishna Temple of Salt Lake since the Ganesh temple's exterior was under construction, which made the inner temple inaccessible.[157] India Fest is hosted by the Krishna Temples of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
and Spanish Fork, Utah. The festival includes food, dances, drama and a pageant of the Ramayana.[158] Since 2011 the Krishna Temple of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has held an annual Festival
Festival
of Colors, similar to the famous festival at the Krishna Temple in Spanish Fork.[159] The Great Salt Lake
Great Salt Lake
City Yoga Festival
Festival
was in its fifth year (as of 2015). 2015 saw the first Downtown Yoga festival in Salt Lake City. Both festivals are intended to inspire yogis in the community by teaching about yoga, healthy living, raw food, and traditional yoga music.[160][161]

Harts Hearth Clan of Tooele, Utah
Utah
performing the closing Norse rite, Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Pagan Pride Day 2015 The local Pagan community has celebrated an annual Salt Lake City Pagan Pride Day since 2001. The festival features rituals, workshops, dancers, bards, vendors, and requires only a can of food donation for admission.[162][163][164][165][166][167][168][169][170]

Cosplayers (left) receive steampunk tarot readings at the 2015 Salt City Steamfest Members of the steampunk subculture have an annual two-day festival, Steamfest. It hosts vendors, panels, and cosplayers dressed in the fashion of various punk cultures, mostly around steam, deco, and diesel punk.[171][172] Rose Park hosts an annual spring festival, to display the community's diversity. It includes dancers, music, a 5k run, silent auction and food.[173]

The 2014 Greek Festival The Greek Festival, held at the downtown Greek Orthodox Church cathedral during the weekend after Labor Day, celebrates Utah's Greek heritage. The 3-day event includes Greek music, dance groups, cathedral tours, booths and a large buffet. Attendance ranges from 35,000 to 50,000. It celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2015. Two Italian-themed annual fests are held in Salt Lake City. The Italian cultural street festival Ferragosto (in August) celebrates Italian food and culture from Italian communities in Salt Lake City.[174] Festa Italian is a 2-day festival in September that highlights regions of Italy
Italy
with music, food, and entertainment. The proceeds go to local charities.[175] Other cultural festivals in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
include the Peruvian Festival,[176] the Utah
Utah
Brazilian Festival,[177] the Polynesian Cultural Festival,[178] the Nihon Matsuri Japanese Festival,[179] and the Buddhist Obon Japanese Festival.[180]

Conventions[edit] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is host to a number of conventions that come to the Crossroads of the West. With several large venues, including the Salt Palace and Vivint Smart Home Arena
Vivint Smart Home Arena
in downtown, Salt Lake is capable of accommodating conventions upwards of 100,000 people.

2015 Comic Con at Salt Palace
Salt Palace
Convention Center Salt Lake Comic Con, which started in 2013, had over 100,000 attendance within its first few years. Because of this, Salt Lake Comic Con started having a second event, FanX (Fan Experience) to give those who were not able to come to the fall Comic Con, a spring-time opportunity. The convention broke inaugural records in 2013, hosting the largest crowd of any inaugural comic convention.[181] The second event, FanX of 2014, and the fall event of 2014 both broke attendance records for the event, surpassing 120,000 people.[182] The convention was sued[183][184] by San Diego Comic Con, but won the right to use the trademark of comic con in its name.[185][186] In 2014, Stan Lee called the Salt Lake Comic Con "the greatest comic con in the world".[187] On September 25, 2015, the Con broke the world record for the most costumed comic book cosplay characters in one location. At 1784 people, this beat the previous record.[188] Crystal Mountain Pony Con, an annual My Little Pony
My Little Pony
convention, features cosplayers, vendors, and panels. 2015 saw more than 800 bronies in attendance.[189][190] Salt Lake hosts an annual International Tattoo Convention in the spring, featuring mostly nationally and internationally noted tattoo artists.[191][192] Fantasy Con hosted its first convention, the first of its kind, in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
in 2014. After a successful run, the convention reorganized to better serve the needs of the fantasy community. Intended to be annual, it did not host one for 2015, and further plans have not been announced.[193][194] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
saw its first Gaming Convention in 2015. It included contests, cosplay, panels, and focused on console, computer, card, and tabletop gaming.[195][196][197]

Events[edit] The Olympic flame
Olympic flame
burns at Rice-Eccles Stadium. Salt Lake City hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics. Although the LDS church holds a large influence, the city is culturally and religiously diverse and the site of many cultural activities.[198] A major state holiday is Pioneer Day, July 24, the anniversary of the Mormon pioneers' entry into the Salt Lake Valley. It is celebrated with a week's worth of activities, including a children parade,[199] a horse parade, the featured Days of '47 Parade (one of the nation's largest parades), a rodeo, and a fireworks show at Liberty Park. Fireworks can be legally sold and set off around July 24. First Night on New Year's Eve, a celebration emphasizing family-friendly entertainment and activities held at Rice-Eccles Stadium at the University of Utah, culminates with a fireworks display at midnight. Beginning in 2004, Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has been the host of the international Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Marathon. In 2006, Real Madrid
Real Madrid
and many of the nation's best cyclist had engagements.[200] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has begun to host its own events in the last few years, most notably the Friday Night Flicks,[201] free movies in the city's parks, and the Mayor's health and fitness awareness program, Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Gets Fit.[202] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics. At that time, Salt Lake City was the most populated area to hold a Winter Olympic Games. The event put Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
in the international spotlight and is regarded by many as one of the most successful Winter Olympics ever.[203] In February 2002, Torino, Italy
Italy
was granted an Olympic Sister City relationship with Salt Lake City, which became a Friendship City relationship in October 2003. On January 13, 2007 an agreement was signed, where Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
and Torino officially became Olympic Sister Cities.[204] On the third Friday of every month, the Salt Lake Gallery Stroll presents a free evening of visual art; many galleries and other art-related businesses stay open late, allowing enthusiasts to tour various exhibits after hours. Sidewalk artists, street performers and musicians also sometimes participate in these monthly events.

Media[edit] KUTV
KUTV
News Studio in the Wells Fargo Center building in Salt Lake City KSL TV, KSL Radio, and the Deseret News
Deseret News
are located in the Triad Center in Salt Lake City. See also: Media in Salt Lake City and Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
in film Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has many diverse media outlets. Most of the major television and radio stations are based in or near the city. The Salt Lake City metropolitan area is ranked as the 31st largest radio[205] and 33rd largest television[206] market in the United States. Print media include two major daily newspapers, The Salt Lake Tribune and the Deseret News
Deseret News
(previously the Deseret Morning News). Other more specialized publications include Now Salt Lake, Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Weekly (a weekly independent publication), Nuestro Mundo of the Spanish-speaking community, QSaltLake
QSaltLake
and The Pillar for the LGBT community. Other Spanish-language newspapers include El Estandar, Amigo Hispano (online only), and El Observador de Utah, which offers free residential delivery. There are a number of local magazines, such as Wasatch Journal (a quarterly magazine covering Utah's arts, culture, and outdoors), Utah
Utah
Homes & Garden, Salt Lake Magazine (a bimonthly lifestyle magazine), CATALYST Magazine
CATALYST Magazine
(a monthly environmental, health, arts and politics magazine), SLUG Magazine, an alternative underground music magazine. Utah
Utah
Stories is a magazine that covers local issues, primarily focused on the Salt Lake Valley. KTVX
KTVX
4 signed on the air as Utah's first television station in 1947 under the experimental callsign W6SIX, becoming the Mountain Time Zone's oldest and third-oldest west of the Mississippi. It is Salt Lake City's current ABC affiliate. KSL-TV
KSL-TV
5, the local NBC
NBC
affiliate, has downtown studios at "Broadcast House" in the Triad Center
Triad Center
office complex. KSL is operated by Deseret Media Companies, a company owned by the LDS Church. KUTV
KUTV
2 is Salt Lake City's CBS
CBS
affiliate. KSTU 13 is the area's Fox affiliate. KUCW
KUCW
30 is the CW affiliate and part of a duopoly with KTVX. KJZZ-TV
KJZZ-TV
14 is an independent station owned by Sinclair Broadcast Group, and is part of a triopoly with KUTV
KUTV
and St. George-licensed MyNetworkTV
MyNetworkTV
affiliate KMYU
KMYU
12. Because television and radio stations serve a larger area (usually the entire state of Utah, as well as parts of western Wyoming, southern Idaho, parts of Montana, and eastern Nevada), ratings returns tend to be higher than those in similar-sized cities. Some Salt Lake radio stations are carried on broadcast translator networks throughout the state. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has become a case of market saturation on the FM dial; one cannot go through more than about two frequencies on an FM radio tuner before encountering another broadcasting station. Several companies, most notably Millcreek Broadcasting and Simmons Media, have constructed broadcast towers on Humpy Peak
Humpy Peak
in the Uinta Mountains
Uinta Mountains
to the east. These towers allow frequencies allocated to nearby mountain communities to be boosted by smaller, low-powered FM transmitters along the Wasatch Front.

Main sights[edit] Main article: Buildings and sites of Salt Lake City Salt Lake Temple Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is the headquarters of the LDS Church and has many LDS-related sites open to visitors. The most popular is Temple Square, which includes the Salt Lake Temple
Salt Lake Temple
(not open to the general public) and visitor centers open to the public, free of charge. Temple Square includes the historic Salt Lake Tabernacle, home of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir, now called The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square. The LDS Conference Center
LDS Conference Center
is north of Temple Square. The Family History Library, the world's largest genealogical library, is west of Temple Square. It is run by the LDS Church and is open to the public and free of charge. The Eagle Gate
Eagle Gate
Monument is east of Temple Square. In 2004, the Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
main library received an Institute Honor Award for Architecture by the American Institute of Architects [207] and features a distinctive architectural style. The building's roof serves as a viewpoint for the Salt Lake Valley. The Utah State Capitol
Utah State Capitol
Building offers marble floors and a dome similar to the building that houses the US Congress. Other notable historical buildings include the Thomas Kearns Mansion (now the Governor's Mansion), City and County Building (built 1894), the Kearns Building on Main Street, St. Mark's Episcopal Cathedral (built 1874), and the Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Madeleine
Cathedral of the Madeleine
(built 1909).

Utah
Utah
State Capitol The Olympic Cauldron Park at Rice-Eccles Stadium
Rice-Eccles Stadium
features the Olympic Cauldron from the games, a visitor's center, and the Hoberman Arch. The Olympic Legacy Plaza, at The Gateway, features a dancing fountain set to music and the names of 30,000 Olympic volunteers carved in stone. The Utah
Utah
Olympic Park, near Park City, features the Olympic ski jumps, as well as bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton runs. Today, the Olympic Park is used for year-round training and competitions. Visitors can watch the various events and even ride a bobsled. The Utah
Utah
Olympic Oval, in nearby Kearns, was home to the speed skating events and is now open to the public. Other popular Olympic venues include Soldier Hollow, the site of cross-country skiing events, southeast of Salt Lake near Heber City. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is near several world-class ski and summer resorts, including Snowbird, Alta, Brighton, Solitude, Park City Mountain Resort, and Deer Valley. The resorts cater to millions of visitors each year and offer year-round activities. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is home to a few major shopping centers. Trolley Square is an indoor and outdoor mall with independent art boutiques, restaurants, and national retailers. The buildings housing the shops are renovated trolley barns with cobblestone streets. The Gateway, an outdoor shopping mall, has many national restaurants, clothing retailers, a movie theater, the Clark Planetarium, the Discovery Gateway (formerly The Children's Museum of Utah), a music venue called The Depot, and the Olympic Legacy Plaza. City Creek Center is the city's newest major shopping center and features high-end retailers not found anywhere else in Utah.

The Gateway, where the Clark Planetarium
Clark Planetarium
is located. On October 3, 2006, the LDS Church, which owned the ZCMI Center Mall and Crossroads Mall, both on Main Street, announced plans to demolish the malls, a skyscraper, and several other buildings to make way for the $1.5 billion City Creek Center redevelopment. It combined new office and residential buildings (one of which is the city's third-tallest building) around an outdoor shopping center featuring a stream, fountain, and other outdoor amenities;[208] it opened on March 22, 2012. Sugar House is a neighborhood with a small town main street shopping area and numerous old parks, which is served by the S Line (formerly known as Sugar House Streetcar). Other attractions near Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
include Hogle Zoo, Timpanogos Cave National Monument, Golden Spike National Historic Site
Golden Spike National Historic Site
(where the world's first transcontinental railroad was joined), Lagoon Amusement Park, the Great Salt Lake, the Bonneville Salt Flats, Gardner Historic Village, one of the nation's largest dinosaur museums at Thanksgiving Point in Lehi, and the world's largest man-made excavation at Bingham Canyon Mine.

Sports and recreation[edit] Winter sports, such as skiing and snowboarding, are popular activities in the Wasatch Mountains
Wasatch Mountains
east of Salt Lake City. Eight ski resorts lie within 50 miles (80 km) of the city. Alta, Brighton, Solitude, and Snowbird all lie directly to the southeast in the Wasatch Mountains, while nearby Park City contains three more resorts. The popularity of the ski resorts has increased by a third since the 2002 Winter Olympics.[209] Summer activities such as hiking, camping, rock climbing, mountain biking, and other related outdoor activities are popular in the mountains. The many small reservoirs and rivers in the Wasatch Mountains
Wasatch Mountains
are popular for boating, fishing, and other water-related activities.

Professional sports[edit] Vivint Smart Home Arena
Vivint Smart Home Arena
has been the home of the Utah
Utah
Jazz since 1991. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is home to the Utah
Utah
Jazz of the National Basketball Association (NBA), who moved from New Orleans in 1979 and play their home games in Vivint Smart Home Arena
Vivint Smart Home Arena
(formerly known as the Delta Center and later known as EnergySolutions Arena). They are the only team from one of the four top-level professional sports leagues in the state. The franchise has enjoyed steady success, at one point making the playoffs in 22 out of 25 seasons, but has yet to win a championship. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
was home to a professional basketball team, the Utah
Utah
Stars of the American Basketball Association
American Basketball Association
(ABA), between 1970–75. They won one championship in the city (in 1971) and enjoyed some of the strongest support of any ABA team, but they folded just months before the ABA–NBA merger, thus preventing them from being absorbed by the NBA. Their success may have had a hand in the decision by the struggling Jazz to relocate to Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
in 1979. Real Salt Lake
Real Salt Lake
of Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
was founded in 2004, initially playing at Rice-Eccles Stadium
Rice-Eccles Stadium
at the University of Utah
Utah
before the soccer-specific Rio Tinto Stadium
Rio Tinto Stadium
was completed in 2008 in neighboring Sandy.[210] The team won their first MLS championship by defeating the Los Angeles Galaxy at the 2009 MLS Cup. RSL advanced to the finals of the CONCACAF Champions League
CONCACAF Champions League
in 2011 but lost 3–2 on aggregate, and also advanced to the 2013 MLS Cup Final. The city has also played host to several international soccer games. Utah
Utah
Warriors is a professional Major League Rugby
Major League Rugby
team that launched its first season in 2018,[211] with Zions Bank Stadium as its home venue.

Smith's Ballpark, home of the Salt Lake Bees Arena football
Arena football
expanded into the city in 2006 with the Utah
Utah
Blaze of the Arena Football League. They recorded the highest average attendance in the league in their first season.[212] After the original AFL folded in 2009, the future of the Blaze was unclear. However, a new league branded as the Arena Football League began play in 2010. The Blaze franchise was restored and is playing in the new league.[213] The Salt Lake Stallions
Salt Lake Stallions
of the AAF are also based in the city. There are also two minor league teams in the city. The Salt Lake Bees, a Pacific Coast League
Pacific Coast League
Triple-A affiliate of the Los Angeles Angels, play at Smith's Ballpark
Smith's Ballpark
and were established in 1994 as the Buzz. Their name was changed to the Stingers in 2002 and to the Bees, a historical Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
baseball team name, in 2006. The Utah Grizzlies hockey team of the ECHL
ECHL
were established in 2005, replacing the previous Grizzlies team that existed from when they relocated from Denver
Denver
in 1995 to 2005 in the International Hockey
Hockey
League (IHL) and, later, the American Hockey
Hockey
League (AHL). They play at the Maverik Center in neighboring West Valley City.

Club

Sport

League

Venue

Established

Titles

Attendance

Utah
Utah
Jazz

Basketball

National Basketball
Basketball
Association

Vivint Smart Home Arena

1979

0

19,911

Real Salt Lake

Soccer

Major League Soccer

Rio Tinto Stadium
Rio Tinto Stadium
(in Sandy)

2004

1

20,160

Utah
Utah
Royals FC

Soccer

National Women's Soccer League

Rio Tinto Stadium
Rio Tinto Stadium
(in Sandy)

2017

0

20,160

Utah
Utah
Warriors

Rugby

Major League Rugby

Zions Bank Stadium (in Herriman)

2017

0

5,000

Salt Lake Bees

Baseball

Pacific Coast League

Smith's Ballpark

1994

0

15,411

Utah
Utah
Grizzlies

Hockey

ECHL

Maverik Center
Maverik Center
(in West Valley City)

2005

0

4,622

Real Monarchs SLC

Soccer

United Soccer League

Zions Bank Stadium (in Herriman)

2014

0

4,698

Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Stars

Basketball

NBA G League

Lifetime Activities Center
Lifetime Activities Center
(in Taylorsville)

2016

0

3,156

Salt Lake Stallions

Football

Alliance of American Football

Rice-Eccles Stadium

2018

0

45,807

Amateur sports[edit] Utah
Utah
lacks a professional football team of its own, and college football is popular in the state. The University of Utah
Utah
and Brigham Young University (BYU) both maintain large followings in the city, and the rivalry between the two colleges has a long and storied history. Despite the fact Utah
Utah
is a secular university, the rivalry is sometimes referred to as the Holy War because of BYU's status as an LDS Church-owned university. Until the 2011–12 season, they both played in the Mountain West Conference
Mountain West Conference
of the NCAA's Division I and have played each other 90 times since 1896 (continuously since 1922). The University of Utah
Utah
was the first school from a BCS non-AQ conference to win two BCS bowl games (and was the first from outside the BCS affiliated conferences to be invited to one) since the system was introduced in 1998. Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University defeated the University of Michigan
Michigan
in the 1984 Holiday Bowl to win the state's only National Championship in a major sport. The University of Utah
Utah
was a part of the controversy surrounding the fairness of the Bowl Championship Series
Bowl Championship Series
(BCS) of college football. Despite undefeated seasons in both 2004 and 2008, Utah
Utah
was not invited to participate in the national championship in either season because it was a member of the Mountain West Conference, a BCS non-AQ conference.[214] The Utah
Utah
Avalanche, formed in January 2011, were a development rugby league team for the now defunct American National Rugby League.[215] In June 2012, Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
hosted the IRB Junior World Rugby Trophy, a major international rugby union tournament for under-20 national teams from "second-tier" nations.[216] Utah
Utah
became the first state outside Minnesota
Minnesota
where bandy exists when Olympic Bandy
Bandy
Club was formed in Salt Lake City.[217] Salt Lake is also home to two roller derby leagues: the Salt City Derby Girls[218] and Wasatch Roller Derby,[219] both of which field travel teams.[220]

Transportation[edit] Main article: Transportation in Salt Lake City Roads[edit] The beginning of State Street at the foot of the Utah
Utah
State Capitol Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
lies at the convergence of two cross-country freeways; I-15 running north-south, and I-80, which connects downtown with Salt Lake City International Airport to the west and exits to the east through Parley's Canyon. I-215 forms a 270-degree loop around the city. SR-201 extends to the western Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
suburbs. The Legacy Parkway (SR-67), a controversial and oft-delayed freeway, opened September 2008, heading north from I-215 into Davis County along the east shore of the Great Salt Lake. Travel to and from Davis County is complicated by geography as roads have to squeeze through the narrow opening between the Great Salt Lake
Great Salt Lake
to the west and the Wasatch Mountains to the east. Only four roads run between the two counties to carry the load of rush hour traffic from Davis County. Salt Lake City's surface street system is laid out on a simple grid pattern. Road names are numbered with a north, south, east, or west designation, with the grid originating at the southeast corner of Temple Square
Temple Square
downtown. One of the visions of Brigham Young
Brigham Young
and the early settlers was to create wide, spacious streets, which characterizes downtown. The grid pattern remains fairly intact in the city, except on the East Bench, where geography makes it impossible. The entire Salt Lake Valley
Salt Lake Valley
is laid out on the same numbered grid system, although it becomes increasingly irregular further into the suburbs. Many streets carry both a name and a grid coordinate. Usually both can be used as an address. US-89 enters the city from the northwest, becomes 900 West Street through the northern part of the city, and exits Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
as State Street (100 East).

Public transportation[edit] UTA transit buses at the Salt Lake City Intermodal Hub
Salt Lake City Intermodal Hub
(Salt Lake Central Station) Salt Lake City's mass transit service is operated by the Utah
Utah
Transit Authority (UTA) and includes a bus system, light rail, and a commuter rail line. Intercity services are provided by Amtrak
Amtrak
and various intercity bus lines. These services are all interconnected at the Salt Lake City Intermodal Hub (Salt Lake Central Station), west of the city center. The Brookings Institution
Brookings Institution
in 2011 rated Salt Lake City's mass transit system as the nation's third-best at connecting people to jobs, providing access to 59% of the jobs in the valley.[221]

Transit bus
Transit bus
service[edit] UTA's bus system extends throughout the Wasatch Front
Wasatch Front
from Brigham City in the north to Santaquin in the south and as far west as Grantsville, as well as east to Park City. UTA also operates routes to the ski resorts in Big and Little Cottonwood Canyons, as well as Sundance in Provo Canyon, during the ski season (typically November to April). Approximately 60,000 people ride the bus daily, although ridership has reportedly declined since TRAX was constructed.[222]

Light rail[edit] Main article: TRAX (light rail) TRAX Green Line train at the Gallivan Plaza Station The 44.8-mile (72.1 km)[223] light rail system, called TRAX, has three lines.

The Blue Line, which opened in 1999 and was expanded in 2008, travels from the Salt Lake City Intermodal Hub
Salt Lake City Intermodal Hub
(Salt Lake Central Station), south to Draper. The Red Line, which originally opened in 2001 and was expanded in 2011, runs from the University of Utah, southwest through Salt Lake to Daybreak in South Jordan. The Green Line, opened in 2011 and runs from the Salt Lake City International Airport to West Valley City
West Valley City
(via Downtown Salt Lake City), with the extension to the airport having opened in April 2013. The system has 50 stations, 23 of which are within the city limits.[224] Daily ridership averaged 60,600 as of the fourth quarter of 2012,[225] making TRAX the ninth most-ridden light rail system in the country.

Commuter rail[edit] Main article: FrontRunner FrontRunner
FrontRunner
at the North Temple Bridge/Guadalupe Station in Salt Lake City The commuter rail system, FrontRunner, opened April 26, 2008, extends from the Intermodal Hub north through Davis County to Pleasant View on the northern border of Weber County.[226] Daily ridership on the line averages 7,800, as of the fourth quarter of 2012.[225] An expansion called " FrontRunner
FrontRunner
South", which extended FrontRunner
FrontRunner
to Provo in central Utah
Utah
County, was completed in December 2012 as part of UTA's FrontLines 2015 project.[224][227][228] These extensions were made possible by a sales tax hike for road improvements, light rail, and commuter rail approved by voters on November 7, 2006.[229] In addition, a $500 million letter of intent was signed by the Federal Transit Administration for all four of the planned TRAX extensions in addition to the FrontRunner
FrontRunner
extension to Provo.[230] In March 2018, UTA announced FrontRunner
FrontRunner
would no longer run from Ogden to Pleasant View beginning in mid-August.[231]

Intercity bus and rail services[edit] Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Salt Lake City operating its California Zephyr
California Zephyr
daily between Chicago and Emeryville, California. Greyhound Lines
Greyhound Lines
serves Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
as well. Their nine daily buses provide service to Denver, Reno, Las Vegas, and Portland, Oregon. Both of these stations are at the Salt Lake City Intermodal Hub.

Air transportation[edit] Salt Lake International Airport sits between downtown Salt Lake City and the Great Salt Lake. Salt Lake City International Airport
Salt Lake City International Airport
is 4 miles (6.4 km) west of downtown, and falls entirely within the boundary of Salt Lake City. Delta Air Lines
Delta Air Lines
operates a hub at the airport, serving over 100 non-stop destinations in the United States, Mexico, and Canada, as well as Paris, London and Amsterdam.[232] SkyWest Airlines operates its largest hub at the airport as Delta Connection, and serves 243 cities as Delta Connection
Delta Connection
and United Express. The airport is served by four UTA bus routes, and a UTA-operated light rail line (TRAX) opened services on April 14, 2013. A total of 22,029,488 passengers flew through Salt Lake City International Airport
Salt Lake City International Airport
in 2007, representing a 2.19% increase over 2006.[233] The airport ranks as the 21st busiest airport in the United States
United States
in total passengers, is consistently rated first in the country in on-time arrivals and departures, and has the second-lowest number of cancellations.[234] The airport is currently undergoing a $3.6 billion redesign that is expected to be completed in 2024, resulting in a complete reworking of the terminals and parking areas. There are two general aviation airports nearby, although they lie outside Salt Lake City:

South Valley Regional Airport
South Valley Regional Airport
in West Jordan Skypark Airport in Woods Cross. Cycling[edit] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
is considered a bicycle-friendly city. In 2010, Salt Lake City was designated as a Silver-level Bicycle Friendly Community[235] by the League of American Bicyclists, placing the city in the top 18 bicycling cities in the U.S. with a population of at least 100,000. Many streets in the city have bike lanes, and the city has published a bicycle map.[236] However, off-road biking in the valley has suffered significantly as access to trails and paths has declined with the increase of housing developments and land privatization. In 2012, the Salt Lake Transportation Division launched BikeSLC.com, which consolidates the city's information about bicycle routes, bicycle safety, and promotions. The website includes a form for business owners to request bicycle parking racks to be installed on public property free of charge close to their businesses, a service that has a months-long waiting list.[237] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
was the first US city to use the "Green Shared Lane", or "super sharrow",[238] a 4-foot (1.2 m) wide green band down the middle of a travel lane where adding a dedicated bike lane is unfeasible. Other cities such as Long Beach, Oakland, and Edina, Minnesota
Minnesota
have introduced similar designs. These four cities are participating in a study by the Federal Highway Administration
Federal Highway Administration
to measure the effect of the design on automobile speed and passing distance when overtaking bicycles, crashes between automobiles and bicycles, and whether it encourages more bicycle ridership, along with other metrics.[239] On September 25, 2010, UTA in partnership with Salt Lake City, the Utah
Utah
Department of Transportation, the Wasatch Front
Wasatch Front
Regional Council, and the Mayor's Bicycle Advisory Committee, opened a Bicycle Transit Center (BTC) at the Intermodal Hub. The BTC is anticipated to serve multi-modal commuters from TRAX and FrontRunner, as well as providing a secure bicycle parking space for bicycle tourists who want to tour the city on foot or transit. In April 2013, Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
launched a bike share program known as GREENbike. The program allows users to pay $5 per day to access bicycles, with the option of purchasing a weekly or annual pass.[240] The program launched with ten stations in the downtown core.[241] By October 2014, the number of stations had expanded to 20.[242] In addition to the bike-sharing program, eighty businesses in the city participate in the Bicycle Benefits program,[243] which provides discounts to customers who arrive by bicycle. The city is also home to the Salt Lake City Bicycle Collective. As a result of this increasing support, Salt Lake City's on-road bikeway network has grown to encompass 200 lane miles. In July 2014, the city began construction of a protected bicycle lane on a 1.35 miles (2.17 km) segment of 300 South between 300 West and 600 East. The project received significant opposition from business owners and residents along the route because of concerns about the 30% reduction in car parking spaces and disruptions resulting from construction. The construction proceeded in stages, with the last stage completed in October 2014. The performance of the protected bicycle lane (specifically, its role in encouraging more bicycle ridership) will influence future plans for making the city more bicycle-friendly.[244] One example of the city's cycling and walking routes is the loop around City Creek Canyon
City Creek Canyon
on Bonneville Boulevard.[245] The city has designated the road as one lane only (one-way) for motor vehicles, turning the other lane over to two-way cyclists and pedestrians. From the last Monday in May to the last weekend in September, City Creek Canyon
City Creek Canyon
Road itself is closed to motor vehicles on odd-numbered days, while bicycles are prohibited on even-numbered days and holidays. Bicycles are allowed every day for the rest of the year.

Sister cities[edit] Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
has several sister cities/towns,[246][247] including:

City/Town

Division

Nation/Region

Oruro

Oruro Department

 Bolivia

Sarajevo

  Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton

 Bosnia and Herzegovina

Manaus

 Amazonas

 Brazil

Thurles

County Tipperary

 Ireland

Izhevsk

 Udmurtia

 Russia

Tabriz

East Azerbaijan Province

 Iran

Turin[248]

 Piedmont

 Italy

Matsumoto

 Nagano Prefecture

 Japan

Quezon City[249]

Metro Manila

 Philippines

Chernivtsi

  Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
Oblast

 Ukraine

Trujillo[250]

La Libertad Region

 Peru

Keelung

Keelung

Taiwan

See also[edit]

Utah
Utah
portal Christianity portal LDS Church portal History of the Latter Day Saint movement portal List of people from Salt Lake City List of tallest buildings in Salt Lake City National Register of Historic Places listings in Salt Lake City, Utah Trolley Square
Trolley Square
shooting USS Salt Lake City (Ships of the United States
United States
Navy named "Salt Lake City"). Notes[edit]

^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.

^ The official Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
climatology station was located in downtown from March 1874 to 30 April 1928 and at Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Int'l since 1 May 1928. For further information, see ThreadEx.

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Literature[edit] .mw-parser-output .refbegin font-size:90%;margin-bottom:0.5em .mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>ul list-style-type:none;margin-left:0 .mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>ul>li,.mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>dl>dd margin-left:0;padding-left:3.2em;text-indent:-3.2em;list-style:none .mw-parser-output .refbegin-100 font-size:100% Alexander, Thomas G. (2001). Grace & Grandeur: A History of Salt Lake City. Heritage Media Corp. ISBN 1-886483-60-4. Alexander, Thomas G.; Allen, James B. (1984). Mormons & Gentiles: A History of Salt Lake City. Pruett Pub. Co. ISBN 0-87108-664-6. Bagley, Will (2004). World Book Encyclopedia
World Book Encyclopedia
(S-Sn ed.). World Book Inc. pp. 76–76a. ISBN 0-7166-0104-4. McCormick, John S. (2000). The Gathering Place: An Illustrated History of Salt Lake City. Signature Books. ISBN 1-56085-132-5. Rainey, Virginia
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(2004). Insiders' Guide: Salt Lake City
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(4th ed.). Globe Pequot Press. ISBN 0-7627-2836-1. Stober, Daniel (2004). " Utah
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Street Names". Archived from the original on August 21, 2008. Retrieved January 1, 2004. McCarthy, Terry (February 3, 2002). "The New Utah". Time.com. "Area Information – Salt Lake City's Climate". Salt Lake City. 1991. Archived from the original on May 3, 2005. Retrieved March 1, 2005. "Area Information – Employment". Salt Lake City. 2002. Archived from the original on March 6, 2005. Retrieved March 1, 2005. "Area Information – FAQ". Salt Lake City. 2005. Archived from the original on October 24, 2006. Retrieved March 1, 2005. "Cities and Counties of Utah
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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Salt Lake City.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Salt Lake City.

 "Salt Lake City" . The American Cyclopædia. 1879. Official website "Salt Lake City". The Official Site of Utah
Utah
Office of Tourism "Salt Lake City". US City Open Data Census. UK: Open Knowledge Foundation. Official Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Convention and Visitors Bureau "Salt Lake City, Utah". C-SPAN
C-SPAN
Cities Tour. June 2014. vtePlaces adjacent to Salt Lake City Great Salt Lake North Salt Lake, Bountiful Morgan East Canyon State Park
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/ Coalville

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Magna West Valley City, South Salt Lake, Millcreek Park City

Articles relating to Salt Lake City vteCity of Salt Lake CityTopics Buildings and attractions Climate Economy Geography History Libraries Mayors Media Notable citizens EducationSchools East High Highland High Judge Memorial Catholic High Rowland Hall-St. Mark's School Salt Lake Stake Academy South High West High Kearns-Saint Ann Catholic School Open Classroom Charter School Escalante Elementary Universities LDS Business College Salt Lake Community College University of Utah Western Governors University Westminster College Neighborhoods 9th and 9th The Avenues Capitol Hill Central City Chinatown Downtown East Bench Fairpark Federal Heights Glendale Poplar Grove Rose Park Sugar House Sports Real Salt Lake Salt Lake Bees Salt Lake Stallions Utah
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Metro Utah United States

vteMunicipalities and communities of Salt Lake County, Utah, United StatesCounty seat: Salt Lake CityCities Bluffdale‡ Cottonwood Heights Draper‡ Herriman Holladay Midvale Millcreek Murray Riverton Salt Lake City Sandy South Jordan South Salt Lake Taylorsville West Jordan West Valley City Town Alta Townships Copperton Emigration Canyon Kearns Magna White City CDPs Copperton Emigration Canyon Granite Kearns Magna White City Unincorporatedcommunities Brighton Snowbird Ghost towns Bacchus Bingham Canyon Lark Footnotes‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties vte State of Utah Salt Lake City
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vteCapitals of the United States
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by jurisdiction Nation:

US Washington States:

AL Montgomery AK Juneau AZ Phoenix AR Little Rock CA Sacramento CO Denver CT Hartford DE Dover FL Tallahassee GA Atlanta HI Honolulu ID Boise IL Springfield IN Indianapolis IA Des Moines KS Topeka KY Frankfort LA Baton Rouge ME Augusta MD Annapolis MA Boston MI Lansing MN Saint Paul MS Jackson MO Jefferson City MT Helena NE Lincoln NV Carson City NH Concord NJ Trenton NM Santa Fe NY Albany NC Raleigh ND Bismarck OH Columbus OK Oklahoma
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AS Pago Pago GU Hagåtña MP Saipan PR San Juan VI Charlotte Amalie

vte Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games
host cities 1924: Chamonix 1928: St. Moritz 1932: Lake Placid 1936: Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1940: Cancelled due to World War II 1944: Cancelled due to World War II 1948: St. Moritz 1952: Oslo 1956: Cortina d'Ampezzo 1960: Squaw Valley 1964: Innsbruck 1968: Grenoble 1972: Sapporo 1976: Innsbruck 1980: Lake Placid 1984: Sarajevo 1988: Calgary 1992: Albertville 1994: Lillehammer 1998: Nagano 2002: Salt Lake City 2006: Turin 2010: Vancouver 2014: Sochi 2018: Pyeongchang 2022: Beijing 2026: Milan
Milan
- Cortina d'Ampezzo

vte Winter Paralympic Games
Winter Paralympic Games
host cities 1976: Örnsköldsvik 1980: Geilo 1984: Innsbruck 1988: Innsbruck

1992: Albertville 1994: Lillehammer 1998: Nagano 2002: Salt Lake City

2006: Turin 2010: Vancouver 2014: Sochi 2018: PyeongChang

2022: Beijing 2026: Milan
Milan
and Cortina d'Ampezzo

vteMayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Utah Jackie Biskupski
Jackie Biskupski
(D)(Salt Lake City) Ron Bigelow (R)(West Valley City) Michelle Kaufusi(Provo) Kim Wolfe(West Jordan)

Authority control BNF: cb11957659w (data) GND: 4118295-9 LCCN: n79059755 MusicBrainz: e5936529-76b1-449e-a2e9-6ed98fe8d0d9 NARA: 10040041 VIAF: 122995809 WorldCat Identities
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(via

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