1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers
> 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes
(e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Saint-Lô (French pronunciation: [sɛ̃lo]) is a commune in
north-western France, the capital of the
Manche department in the
region of Normandy.
Although it is the second largest city of
Manche after Cherbourg, it
remains the prefecture of the department. It is also chef-lieu of an
arrondissement and two cantons (Saint-Lô-1 and Saint-Lô-2).
The commune has 18,931 inhabitants[Note 1] who are called
Saint-Lois(es). The names of Laudois(es), Laudien(ne)s or
Laudinien(ne)s are also cited. A martyr city of World War II,
Saint-Lô was decorated with the
Legion of Honour
Legion of Honour in 1948 and was
given the nickname "Capital of the Ruins", a phrase popularised by
1.3.3 Urban transport network
1.3.4 Intercity transport network
1.3.5 Air and river transport
2.2 Middle Ages
2.3 16th to 20th centuries
2.4 World War II
2.5 Postwar period
3 Politics and administration
3.1 List of mayors
3.1.1 During the Revolution
3.1.2 Empires and Restoration
3.1.3 Third Republic
3.1.4 Since 1944
4.1 Demographic evolution
4.2 Age structure
6.1 Tax rate
6.3 Tertiary sector
6.4 Agriculture and agro-food hub
7.1 University Institute of Technology
7.2 School of Management and Commerce
10 Personalities linked to the commune
11.1 Sports disciplines
11.1.2 Other sports clubs
12 Sites and monuments
12.1 Religious heritage
12.1.1 Church of Notre-Dame
12.1.2 Church of Sainte-Croix
12.1.3 Cemetery of Saint-Lô
12.1.4 Other buildings
12.2 Historical civil heritage
12.2.2 National Stud
12.2.3 Château de la Vaucelle
12.3.1 Museum of Fine Arts
12.3.2 Museum of the Norman Bocage
12.3.3 Chapel of Madeleine
12.4 Other notable places
12.5 Place de la Mairie
12.6 The Caisse d'Épargne squirrel
14 Parks and green spaces
15 Twinning programmes and sponsorship
17 See also
21 External links
Map of the commune
Plan of the city centre
Saint-Lô is located in the centre of Manche, in the middle of the
Saint-Lois bocage, 57 km (35 mi) to the west of Caen,
78 km (48 mi) south of Cherbourg and 119 km
(74 mi) north of Rennes.
The city was born under the name of Briovera on a rocky outcrop of
schist belonging to the Armorican Massif, in the Cotentin Peninsula,
between the confluences of the
Vire – which dominates the city
centre – with the Dollée and Torteron, two rivers channelled in
their urban sections. This historic heart of the city became L'Enclos,
a site well suited to passive defence.
The east of the territory is the former commune of
Sainte-Croix-de-Saint-Lô, south of Saint-Thomas-de-Saint-Lô,
absorbed in 1964.
Hydrography of Manche
Saint-Lô has a mild oceanic climate characterised by mild winters and
temperate summers. It has an average annual rainfall of 800 to
900 mm (31 to 35 in) per year. Rainfall is quite frequent
throughout the year but most abundant in autumn and winter, in
connection with the disturbances coming from the Atlantic Ocean.
Rarely intense, they often fall in the form of drizzle. The average
temperature is 10 °C (50 °F). In winter, the average
temperature ranges between 1 and 7 °C (34 and 45 °F).
There are between 30 and 40 days of frost per year. In summer, the
average temperature lies around 20 °C (68 °F).
Saint-Lô is located in the centre of the department of
Manche and is
therefore a node of communication between Nord-Cotentin and southern
Road network in the area of the Cotentin Peninsula
Saint-Lô lies halfway along the Coutances–
Bayeux axis (RD
972 (fr)). A bypass road was commissioned in the 1980s to allow
the decongestion of the city from the south. To open up the port of
Cherbourg, the region and the department decided the construction of a
dual carriageway, RN 174 (fr). It is a part of the European route
E03 and enables direct connection to
Rennes and Europe from the south,
through the interchange at Guilberville. The southern section now
Saint-Lô directly to the A84 autoroute, allowing motorway
Caen and Rennes. The commissioning of the northern section,
which is currently under construction, will meanwhile allow access to
England via the Route nationale 13. The construction of
the dual carriageway allowed the extension of the small South ring
road heading west and its mutation into genuine urban bypass. It has
also enabled the creation and expansion of new business zones which
contribute strongly to the current growth of the agglomeration.
Rail network in the area of the Cotentin Peninsula
Gare de Saint-Lô
Gare de Saint-Lô is served by TER trains on the
Caen - Rennes
railway line (fr). It is in the majority of services for
travellers in the direction of
Lison or in the direction of
Coutances. A few trains, two daily return trips, serve as far as
Rennes via Avranches.
Following the electrification of the section of railway between Lison
Saint-Lô during 2006, the
SNCF and local communities experienced
Intercités service (without change of train) to the Gare
Paris for two years, between December 2008 and
December 2010. This service was not sustained due to a lack a
sufficient number of passengers. There is also the disused former
industrial line to Condé-sur-Vire. The section between
Condé-sur-Vire, adjacent to the towpath along the Vire, is used by
the Vélorail [rail cycle] of the
Vire valley since 2007.
Urban transport network
Main article: [[:Transports urbains
Saint-Lô Agglo (fr)]]
Urban transportation is provided by the Transports Urbains Saint-Lô
Agglomération: TUSA (formerly Transport Urbains
was created in 1980. In 2010, the network consisted of four lines
(Odyssée, Azur, Horizon and Alizé) with 15 buses and one Ocitolà
transport on demand minibus. However, since 3 January 2011, it is
composed of three lines (1, 2 and 3) still with 15 buses and one
Ocitolà transport on demand minibus. In 2008, the company recorded
more than 850,000 journeys.
On 15 May 2013, seven new vehicles were integrated with the fleet,
namely five Vehixel (fr) Cytios 4/44, and two Mercedes-Benz
Citaro K BHNS. The total fleet is composed of a
Renault Master B.20
(for the Ocitolà transport on demand), 5 Vehixel Cytios 4/44, 2
Mercedes-Benz Citaro K BHNS, two Van Hool A320 (nl), five Heuliez
GX 317 (nl), and a Heuliez GX 327 (nl).
A new vehicle wrapping campaign is underway,[when?] the yellow livery
will disappear in favour of a red livery. Added to this, a campaign of
improving vehicle facilities, to meet the new standards of
accessibility of public transit, including on-board announcements and
scrolling banners. The old Renault PR 100.2 (nos. 97205, 97207 to
97210) and Renault PR112 (fr) (nos. 97211 and 97212) were
Saint-Lô-Colombes <> Agneaux-Villechien / La Demeurance
Manche Habitat, City Hall,
SNCF railway station,
CFA d'Agneaux, private establishment of the institute, Commercial
Saint-Lô-Conseil Général <> Saint-Lô-La Madeleine
Hospital, Lavalley College,
SNCF railway station, City Hall,
Cultural Centre, Sainte Croix Church, Commercial Centre, St. Jean
Clinic, TUSA depot
Saint-Lô–Bois Ardent / Aquatic Centre <>
Chevalerie business park, Commercial Centre, Corot & Curie
schools, Bon Sauveur,
SNCF railway station,
City Hall, the Mont Russel Lift, Social Security, La Dollée quarter,
Saint–Georges church, Saint-Georges town hall
Transport on demand for the whole of the community of communes
Baudre town hall,
Pont-Hébert town hall, La Meauffe-Quartier du Pont,
Rampan town hall, Ste-Suzanne town hall
Intercity transport network
TUSA network (January 2011)
The commune is associated with the departmental public buses
(Manéo (fr)) by the lines:
Carentan - Saint-Lô
Coutances - Marigny - Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô - Periers
Villedieu-les-Poêles - Saint-Lô
Guilberville - Torigni - Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô - Lison
Saint-Lô - Lison
Air and river transport
Despite its status of prefecture, there is no airfield in the vicinity
of the town. The nearest is that of Lessay, and for an airport, to
join that of Caen-Carpiquet, Cherbourg-Maupertus or
Inland waterway transport on the
Vire once existed with scows ensuring
the transport of tangue (fr). It is no longer possible, due to
lack of maintenance of the various equipment and the Vire.
Saint-Lô has long been an important centre of the economy of
Normandy. It has attracted the covetousness of neighboring nations,
including England, resulting in many successive invasions. It lost its
dominant position towards the end of the 19th century because it
failed to take advantage of the first Industrial Revolution, which
instead affected much of the predominantly peasant population.
However, the decentralisation policy allowed the city to return to the
Originally called Briovère (meaning "Bridge on the
Vire River" in
Gaulish), the town is built on and around ramparts. The town started
life as a Gallic fortified settlement, occupied by the tribe of the
Unelli of Cotentin. Briovere was conquered by the Romans led by
Quintus Titurius Sabinus in 56 BC, after the defeat of their
Viridovix at Mont Castre (fr). Roman peace led the
development of Gallo-Roman rural areas, on the model of the Roman
villae rusticae as in Canisy, Marigny and Tessy-sur-Vire, whose names
are based on the suffix -i-acum (fr), of location of Celtic
origin *-i-āko-, and often composed with a Latin personal name,
carried by a Gallo-Roman native. Then, the region was the scene of
various Saxon invasions during the 3rd century. The
establish an administrative power there, although Briovera was
nevertheless entitled to hammer coinage. Historian Claude Fauchet
claimed that "the Coutentin, at the same time as our Merovingian
kings, was inhabited by the Sesnes (Saxons), pirates, and seems to
have been abandoned by Carolingians, as variable and too remote for
correction by our kings, to the Normans and other plunderers of
Sainte-Croix Church was built in 300, said to be on the ruins of a
temple of Ceres. Christianity grew quite late. There were only four
bishops of Coutances (fr) before 511. Laud of Coutances, bishop
in 525–565, had a residence here. After his death he was beatified
and was particularly honoured by Briovera, which would have housed his
tomb. A pilgrimage was conducted and the city took the name of
Saint-Laud, and then the name
Saint-Lô which has been known since the
The main entrance to the town.
The Bretons, led by King Salomon, began to occupy the west coast of
Cotentin Peninsula from 836. Before their advances, in August 867,
Charles the Bald
Charles the Bald gave Salomon the Comitatus Constantiensis, territory
over which he had little influence. In 889, the
Vikings travelled up
Vire and besieged Saint-Lô. Protected by solid ramparts built,
according to tradition, in the early 9th century by Charlemagne, the
town did not initially surrender. The attackers then cut the water
supply, resulting in the surrender of the inhabitants. The Vikings
massacred the inhabitants, including the Bishop of Coutances, and then
razed the town. The seat of the diocese moved to Rouen. It was only in
1025 that Bishop Herbert decided to return to the walls of Saint-Lô
and restore the episcopal see. Then, under Geoffrey de Montbray, the
town had a great economic development, taking advantage of the Norman
expedition in Sicily. Robert Guiscard, a close associate of Geoffrey,
brought important loot to Apulia and Calabria, and it was thanks to
this treasure that Geoffrey was able to rebuild
Coutances Cathedral in
Saint-Lô is famous for its goldsmiths and even Matilda of
Flanders, the wife of William the Conqueror, ordered two candelabras
for the Abbaye aux Dames (fr).
The population of the region participated in the conquest of England.
Henry I, Count of Cotentin and since then King of
Saint-Lô in 1090. In 1091, Geoffrey de Montbray, Bishop of Coutances,
had a lock and mills built on the River Vire. With the death of Henry
I Beauclerc in 1135, Stephen of Blois, Count of Mortain and Geoffrey
of Anjou disputed the legitimacy of the realm.
Saint-Lô sided with
Stephen but was taken in 1139 by the Plantagenet army in just three
days. The Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket, passed through
Saint-Lô and a church, of which there remains no trace except the
name of the Rue Saint-Thomas, was dedicated to him. In 1204, Saint-Lô
submitted to Philip Augustus and became French. During this period of
peace, the town prospered: It had the
Hôtel-Dieu built on the edges
of the town along with part of the Notre-Dame church and in 1234 a
guild of tailors was established. Saint Louis came to the city twice,
in 1256 and 1269.
Saint-Lô was then the third largest town in the
Rouen and Caen. In 1275 it received the right
to mint coins from King Philip III of France, which it maintained
until 1693. It specialised in tanneries with the designation la vache
Saint-Lô [the cowhide of Saint-Lô]. After Toustain de
Billy (fr), its own trade of laces and leather aiguillettes
amounted to one million in 1555; in knife making: A 16th century
saying "Qui voudroit avoir bon couteau, Il faudroit aller à
Saint-Lô" [Who would wish to have good knife, it would be necessary
to go to Saint-Lô]; in goldsmithing; and in textiles, one of the
main centres of France. There were more than 2,000 weavers,
located mostly near the Dollée, a less powerful river than the Vire
but with a smoother flow. Wool was imported from across the Cotentin
peninsula. An order of 20 June 1460 fixed a special edge to the sheets
There remains no more than a few saved streets, such as Rue
Saint-Georges, in old Saint-Lô.
On 24 September 1351 the king, John the Good, created a mint but did
it did not receive the right to strike under the letter "S" in 1389.
In January 1538, the letter "C" was attributed to him. The coins
Saint-Lô in the
Middle Ages are also characterised by a
"secret spot" under the nineteenth letter of the legend. The city was
robbed of its monetary title in September 1693 in favour of Caen.
Then, it returned to conflict with the Hundred Years' War. Geoffrey of
Harcourt (fr), a knight with franchises in Nord-Cotentin,
betrayed the King of
France and gave his homage to Edward III. In
response, the barons Percy, Bacon and La Roche-Tesson were beheaded in
Paris and their heads were exhibited in
Saint-Lô for two years. The
English landed at
Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue on 12 July 1346 and then move
Saint-Lô on 22 July.
Jean Froissart describes "the big town of
Saint-Leu in Constentin,... for the hard times, was rich and
mercantile." The town was again sacked. Then the town was struck
Black Death in 1347.
Saint-Lô was reconquered in 1378 by
Charles VI but it was again lost to English rule on 12 March 1418.
During this period of political unrest, the lesser lords no longer
knew where to place their allegiance. The French regained
behalf of Charles VII on 12 September 1449. The king confirming the
status of the Duchy of Normandy, it was the turn of the Duke of
Brittany to occupy Manche, but
Saint-Lô successfully repelled an
attack in 1467, decimating a part of the Breton troops who were
trapped by surprise in the Rue Torteron. On 9 November 1469, the ducal
ring was broken and
Normandy was definitively integrated into the
Kingdom of France.
16th to 20th centuries
Jean-Baptiste Corot, La
Saint-Lô (1850-1855), Museum of the
The period of peace had returned but the Cotentin lost its importance.
Francis I was acclaimed at the door of the Neufbourg in 1532. In the
Protestantism won the round.
Saint-Lô had a reformed
church from 1555 and early printed books would be Protestant works.
Saint-Lô suffered notably during the Wars of Religion. The Huguenots,
Saint-Lô and Carentan, ransacked
Coutances in 1562 and seized
the Bishop Artus de Cossé-Brissac (fr), who was dragged in the
Saint-Lô on a donkey. Although, while the Edict of
Pacification of Amboise had prompted the city to submit to Charles IX
in February 1574, Norman Protestants made their headquarters in
Saint-Lô. Troops led by the Marshal de Matignon (fr) besieged
the city on 1 May, assaulted it 10 days later and captured it on 10
June. There were more than 500 deaths among those whose leader was
Colombières, Lord of Bricqueville, but the Protestant Grand Captain
Gabriel I of Montgomery escaped through the door of the Dollée. The
town was ceded to Jacques II de Matignon (fr) who built the
citadel. Two years later the seigneury of the bishops of Coutances
over the town ceased forever.
As a result of the war, in 1580,
Saint-Lô lost the headquarters of
the présidial, transferred to Coutances, capital of the
bailiwick. In the mid-17th century part of the walls were
destroyed, and the town grew with a new borough known as Neufborg.
After the revocation of the
Edict of Nantes
Edict of Nantes (1685), most craftsmen
abandoned Saint-Lô. The
Revolt of the va-nu-pieds
Revolt of the va-nu-pieds shook the area
slightly in 1636, when the Government wanted to extend the gabelle in
Cotentin. The region flourished especially in the manufacture of
so-called d'estame wool socks. In 1678, the relics of Saint Laud were
brought back to Notre-Dame. The route between
Paris and Cherbourg,
built to 1761, passes to Saint-Lô, facilitating trade. The French
Revolution of 1789 overthrew the administrative division of the France
and the capital of the department was temporarily set at Coutances
between 1794 and 1796.
Saint-Lô took the Republican name (fr)
"Rocher de la Liberté" [Rock of Freedom] and a tree was planted on
the Champ de Mars. The city was relatively untouched during the Reign
of Terror although there were some clashes with the Chouans.
Only the chimney of the paper mill withstood the fire of 1930.
The Napoleonic period saw the creation of the national stud. In 1827,
Marie Thérèse of France, Duchess of Angoulême, passed through
Saint-Lô and she was struck by the beauty of the landscape. She then
planned to bring the sea to
Saint-Lô making the River
The creation of the
Vire and Taute Canal (fr) in 1833 allowed the
establishment of the connection between
Carentan and Saint-Lô. Then,
by order of 10 July 1835, the
Vire was classified as navigable. Baron
Alfred Mosselman built a port at
Saint-Lô in recruiting nearly 250
military detainees and Spanish prisoners. A boatyard was created and
traffic flowed at 50 tons in 1841 to more than 132 in 1846.
Mosselman (fr) then launched barges and introduced horse traction
by arranging the towpaths of the waterway. Several goods were
transported but mainly the tangue (fr) and the lime from the
Pont-Hébert and Cavigny. It thus passed from 1,233 tonnes
of lime production in 1841 to 30,000 in 1858. In 1867, the paper mill
of Valvire[Note 2] was built near the spillway and manufactured
packing paper. It was destroyed by fire in 1930 and little remains
beyond the chimney of the plant.
Saint-Lô ruled out the
Mantes-la-Jolie–Cherbourg railway because
its inhabitants, having fear of industrial progress, refused a path
linking them to Paris. It would be attached to the rail network in
1860. In the 19th century, Saint-Lô, in the heart of a rich farming
area, established itself as an important place for trade in animals,
but the fear of the rural population towards the industrial revolution
was blocking its development. River traffic transit saw 53,000 tonnes
of goods, only 6% of which were foodstuffs. A leak was discovered in
the canal and the River
Vire was decommissioned in 1926. The region
experienced a significant rural exodus and suffered casualties of the
war of 1870 and the First World War. The Valvire paper mill burned
down in the 1930s and would never be rebuilt. The demographics of the
department was very negative from 1850. The city covered World War II
in a declining situation.
In 1914 and 1915,
Saint-Lô welcomed the temporary hospital No. 2 of
the 10th Army Corps.
The criminal case of Jean Philippe took place in Saint-Lô, and was
then judged by the Court of Assizes of Manche, at
Coutances on 9
World War II
The underground entrance to the ramparts.
France was invaded in 1940 and the 7th Panzer Division, commanded by
Rommel, entered into Normandy. The objective being the capture of the
Port of Cherbourg (fr), the centre of
Manche was spared and the
German army occupied Saint-Lô, a strategic crossroads, on the night
of 17 June 1940. During the occupation, the statue of the Norman
dairywoman and the Havin statue, both made by Arthur Le Duc (fr)
were sold and melted to make cannons, despite opposition from local
politicians. In March 1943, the Germans decide to dig a tunnel under
the rock. For the time being, no one is able to say what the
usefulness of this tunnel would have been, though it was dug at the
same time as the
Agneaux Institute. Workers from the STO would be
required until the beginning of the Battle of Normandy. Then, the
underground, under construction, would house the sick of the
Hôtel-Dieu located opposite and a part of the Saint-Lô
population. A German soldier was shot in January 1944 and several
Saint-Lô were arrested. The cinema, theatre and bars were
closed, radios confiscated and the curfew was extended to 8pm.
Saint-Lô after U.S. bombing, July 1944
The destroyed station of Saint-Lô.
During the Liberation,
Saint-Lô suffered two attacks during the
Battle of Normandy. The first was the bombardment of the city by the
Americans during the night of 6–7 June 1944. The second was the
fight for the liberation of
Saint-Lô on 17 July, during the Battle of
Saint-Lô. The city was this time bombed by the Germans who maintained
their position to the south.
Saint-Lô was almost totally destroyed
(90-95% according to common estimates) by American bombing during a
phase of the Battle of
Normandy known as Operation Cobra, earning it
the title of "The Capital of the Ruins" from Samuel Beckett.
Saint-Lô was one of the key cities to the opening of the Falaise Gap,
which ultimately allowed Allied forces to expel German forces from
Saint-Lô received the Legion of Honour (fr) and the Croix de
Guerre 1939-1945 on 2 June 1948 with a citation for "capital of the
Manche Department which has retained full confidence in the destiny of
the country. Suffered on the night of 6–7 June, with a heroic calm,
an air bombardment to such a point that its inhabitants could consider
themselves as citizens of the capital of the ruins". These awards
would be given on 6 June by President Vincent Auriol. The two
communes, now absorbed from Sainte-Croix-de-
Saint-Thomas-de-Saint-Lô, were also decorated with the Croix de
Guerre 1939-1945 on 11 November 1948.
Saint-Lô, Capital of ruins
The remains of the former prison.
After the war the question arose as to whether the town should be
rebuilt or left with its ruins intact as a testimony to the bombing.
One American soldier laconically commented: "We sure liberated the
hell out of this place".
Almost totally destroyed (97%),
Saint-Lô had the unenviable nickname
of Capital of Ruins, an expression attributed to Bishop Bernard
Jacqueline (fr). It was the reason which compelled the prefect of
the ruins Édouard Lebas (fr) to settle in Coutances. This
Capital of Ruins was revived by
Samuel Beckett in his text The Capital
of Ruins of 10 June 1946, which he wrote for Raidió Éireann, proving
how much it remained marked by what he had seen and done in
Saint-Lô. The Notre-Dame church located on the ramparts still
bears the scars of bombing and bloody clashes which took place. The
population timidly returned to the city. There were 180 people on 12
August 1944, but U.S. authorities decided not to issue authorisation
of residence and supplied tickets. A lengthy clean-up began, including
the corpses of residents and soldiers, which lasted until 15 October
1944. However, officials hesitated to rebuild Saint-Lô. Indeed, some
were willing to leave the ruins as a testament to the martyrdom of the
city and later rebuild a new Saint-Lô. The population declined,
preferring to reinhabit its city.
Many traces of wooden barracks remain.
In April 1945, the Reconstruction (fr) Minister Raoul Dautry
advocated a provisional wooden barracks building. These huts are built
through the generosity of the donations. Thus, the association of the
Swiss grant (fr) unblocked an appropriation of 620,000 Swiss
francs to build homes and a community centre. On 10 October 1949,
Switzerland offered a gold ingot to the city which yielded 649,490
francs. There were ten housing estates in 1948, some which contained
over 70 houses. The barracks were delivered in kit form, and it was
enough to build them on the spot. Each had different specifics
according to their place of origin (Swedish, Finnish, Swiss, French,
American, Canadian). The Irish Red Cross participated in the
construction of a hospital consisting of 25 buildings (located level
with the Pasteur college) and landed 174 tons of equipment. The
hospital was inaugurated on Sunday, 7 April 1946 and the Irish medical
Saint-Lô at the beginning of January 1947. This hospital,
consisting of wooden shacks, operated until 1956.
The first stone of the reconstruction.
By 1948, a more permanent
Saint-Lô had to be rebuilt. This would be
done on the basis of plans designed by the Chief Architect of the
reconstruction André Hilt (died 1946), which had proposed to retain
the general fabric of the town by adapting it to modern needs.
Vincent Auriol laid the first stone just four years after
United States Memorial Hospital.
As partial reparation for the destruction of the city, the Americans,
behind the bombing, decided to build a modern hospital. The plans were
made by the architect Paul Nelson, who decided to build a
contemporary-style building. It is located on the Route de Villedieu.
Work began in 1949, and it was completed on 10 May 1956. A monumental
mosaic was made by Fernand Léger, which pays tribute to peace and
Franco-American friendship: Both hands towards the Cotentin Peninsula
symbolised with an apple tree branch in bloom. It was at that time the
largest hospital in Europe. On 29 November 1949, the journalist
Frédéric Pottecher submitted a hypothesis to not move the prefecture
Manche from Saint-Lô. Although, during the reconstruction, it was
temporarily placed in Coutances. The whole of the population reacted
and a petition collected more than 2,400 signatures: in the journal le
Réveil, an article quotes:
So come back to Saint-Lô, Sir! Not for burial, but to see the
prefecture, the building sites, the plans, the nerve of the victims.
You will see how keenly the people of
Saint-Lô will kick your
The prefecture returned to
Saint-Lô in 1953, into new premises.
The belfry of the square.
Saint-Lô was rebuilt. The dominant style was a neo-regionalist
functionalism which was dominated by concrete. Its dated and
monotonous character was soon criticised. If this choice, dictated by
the circumstances and the immediate problems of the housing of
Saint-Lô, leaves regrets today, it makes Saint-Lô, on a smaller
Le Havre or Lorient, one of the most striking testimonies
of the reconstruction period. A few streets contain vestiges of the
old Saint-Lô: some houses on the Rue du Neufbourg, Rue Croix-Canuet
and Falourdel, Rue Saint-Georges and Porte au Four. This last street
houses the last medieval way of Saint-Lô. In 1964,
two neighbouring communes, Sainte-Croix-de-
Saint-Lô (660 inhabitants
in 1962, to the east of the territory) and
Saint-Lô (306 inhabitants to the south). The town
benefitted from the economic growth of the
Trente Glorieuses and the
population grew by 30% between 1968 and 1975. It built neighbourhoods
of buildings in the Valley of the Dollée and Val Saint-Jean. The
theatre, meanwhile, was inaugurated in 1963.
The Des Ronchettes water tower.
The square of the town hall was completely redeveloped in the 1990s.
The city organised a large demonstration on the occasion of the
fiftieth anniversary of the
Normandy landings. The edges of the Vire
were reconfigured with the rehabilitation of the towpath and the
creation of a green beach, at the Place du Quai-à-Tangue. A scow was
rebuilt and crossed the river, in order to remember former river
traffic. In 2004, the rural area of Bois-Jugan was urbanised, with the
creation of housing within a framework of preservation of green spaces
and a large aquatic centre. Later, the Des Ronchettes water tower was
built following an unusual method for the time, since the tank
(strongly resembling a flying saucer) was built at the ground level,
then raised by a system of jacks, as the rings composing its body were
manufactured. As such, its elevation allows a mounting point for
telecommunication (mobile phone, WiMAX, and FM radio) networks.
Politics and administration
List of mayors
During the Revolution
For the revolutionary period, the destruction of most of the archives
does not allow a definitive result.
List of mayors of Saint-Lô, 1784-1799
François Bertrand de
Bacilly de la Ponterie[Note 3]
Pierre Louis Denier des Fresnes[Note 4](1751–1797)
Jacques-Michel-François Oury de Boisval
Antoine Vieillard de Boismartin[Note 5](1747–1815)
National militia captain in 1789
3 December 1792
Jacques-Michel-François Oury de Boisval
3 December 1792
8 January 1794
Antoine Vieillard de Boismartin[Note 6]
8 January 1794
Jacques-Michel-François Oury de Boisval
Jean-Baptiste Antoine Bernard[Note 7] (1815)
Empires and Restoration
List of mayors of Saint-Lô, 1799-1870
François-Alexandre-Léonor Le Jolis de Villiers (fr)[Note 8]
Louis Alexandre Félix Guillot
Antoine Vieillard de Boismartin
11 November 1818
Pierre Antoine Théodore Pinel de Vauval (1767–1848)
Avocate of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte
11 November 1818
30 March 1832
Pierre Louis Clément[Note 9] (1776–1852)
30 March 1832
30 August 1840
Gilles Le Menuet de La Juganière (1773–1860)
Avocate and magistrate
30 August 1840
15 August 1843
Paul Louis Clément
15 August 1843
6 March 1848
Pierre Philippe Lecardonnel (1792–1860)
6 March 1848
20 June 1849
Paul Louis Clément
20 June 1849
Ernest Dubois[Note 10] (1800–1873)
Louis Auvray (fr)[Note 11] (1808–1871)
List of mayors of Saint-Lô, 1870-1944
7 February 1874
Auguste Houssin Dumanoir[Note 12] (1808–1889)
7 February 1874
20 May 1888
Gustave Paul Rauline (fr)[Note 13] (1822–1904)
20 May 1888
20 December 1896
Henri Amiard[Note 14] (1841–1896)
20 December 1896
15 May 1904
Alfred Dussaux (1848–1915)
Avowed elected to the left
15 May 1904
7 April 1907
Jules Dary (1839–...)
Elected to the left
7 April 1907
10 May 1908
René Thomas (1856–1937)
Elected to the right
10 May 1908
Avowed elected to the left
Auguste Leturc (1852–1924)
Antoine Ludger[Note 15] (died in 1958)
Émile Enault (1871–1926)
Director of the Journal de la Manche
Jules Herout[Note 16]
Honorary head of division at the prefecture
Anésime Périer (1876–1958)
In 1944, the municipal council was suspended and a municipal
delegation, chaired by Georges Lavalley, was temporarily responsible
for administering the city.
List of mayors of Saint-Lô, 1944–present
18 May 1945
4 May 1953
Georges Lavalley (1894–1959)
4 May 1953
29 March 1971
Henri Liébard (1909–1986)
Public works engineer
29 March 1971
31 March 1977
Jean Patounas (1916–1995)
31 March 1977
11 March 1983
Bernard Dupuis (1937-)
11 March 1983
24 March 1989
Jean Patounas (1937-)
24 March 1989
15 June 1995
Bernard Dupuis (1937-)
15 June 1995
6 April 2014
François Digard (fr) (1948-)
6 April 2014
François Brière (1973-)
Professor of Law
In 2012, the commune had 18,931 inhabitants. Since 2004, communes with
more than 10,000 have a census take place through an annual
From 1962 to 1999: Population without double counting; for the years
following: municipal population.
Source: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1999 then INSEE from 2004
Demographic evolution of Sainte-Croix-de-
Saint-Lô (absorbed in 1964)
Number withheld from 1962: Population without double counting.
Demographic evolution of Saint-Thomas-de-
Saint-Lô (absorbed in 1964)
Number withheld from 1962: Population without double counting.
In 2007, the distribution of the population of the commune by age
group was as follows:
45.8% of men (0–19 years old = 16.0%, 20 to 64 years = 59.8%, 65+ =
54.2% of women (0–14 years = 19.9%, 20 to 64 years = 57.3%, 65+ =
Population by age of Saint-Lô, 2007 (%)
Source: INSEE 
Population by age of Manche, 2007 (%)
Source: INSEE 
The arms of
Saint-Lô are blazoned :
Gules, a unicorn salient argent, on a chief azure, three fleurs de lys
Comments: The unicorn symbolises the purity of the Virgin Mary to whom
the city was consecrated. The fleurs-de-lis were granted by King Louis
XI to thank
Saint-Lô for its loyalty to the Crown of France. Also
found, in place of the chief of France, is a quarter of azure with the
star of argent.
Statue of the unicorn of Saint-Lô.
Gules, a passing unicorn argent, to shield quartered azure, charged
with a capital N Or topped with a star Or.
During the First Empire, the city was granted another coat of arms,
according to Victor Adolphe Malte-Brun.
Full arms of the city of Saint-Lô.
View of Saint-Lô, from the slopes of the River Vire.
The city, at a crossroads between Caen, Cherbourg and Rennes, has a
natural vocation of marketplace in the centre of the
Manche bocage. A
city of craftsmen and trade, which owes part of its prosperity to its
status of prefecture, it has experienced a late industrialisation and
attempts to assert its place, today, in the regional agri-food
industry. Despite this, the
Saint-Lô country became one of the less
industrial areas of the region. Its unemployment rate of 6.7% also
hides an exodus of young workers to the area of
Caen and Rennes.
The entry into service of the RN 174 (fr) helped open up the
Manche and create a new industrial zone (ZAC Neptune).
Saint-Lô was equipped with fibre optic cable to allow
companies and individuals to have very high speed internet
(approximately 1 Gbps and 100 Mbit/s for individuals). Companies
should have had access to this speed by September 2008, with
individuals not before September 2009.
Saint-Lô will be one of the
first cities in
France of this size to be equipped with a fibre optic
Data in %
Built land tax
Unbuilt land tax
Lecapitaine: Manufacturer of automotive bodywork and refrigeration, a
subsidiary of Petit Forestier (320 employees - €33M turnover).
Moulinex factory has long been the largest plant in
Saint-Lô. When the group went bankrupt in 2004, the factory was a
subsidiary of SEB, and general company for electric motors was revived
as Euromoteurs, with SEB as the only customer. Part of the production
lines were dismantled, sold to China and resettled there by the Green
Gourfaleur company. The
Saint-Lô site had 150 employees and
manufactured small and medium power electric motors. Suffering from
only having the single client SEB, Euromoteurs was put into
liquidation in 2007.
Alios, production plant which manufactures smart cards and CEV, a
company that manages electronic transactions, grouped in the same
building (80 employees) and subsidiaries of the Group Chèque
Déjeuner. It is one of the key players in the Secure Electronic
Transactions competitive cluster (fr).
MT Verbom, company specialising in press tools. Created in 1985 on the
Promenade des ports, the Martignoni-Traisnel company specialises in
the production of auto parts, and moved in 1990 into the Chevallerie
zone. In 1998 the company became closer with Canadian group Verbom and
employed 65 people on the site in 2008.
The town of
Saint-Lô is very oriented towards services, thus since
the fall of Moulinex, the France-
United States Memorial Hospital
became the first employer in the city. There are many jobs in
administration related to its status of prefecture. Its location in
the heart of the bocage allows it to sustain services connected
historically with agriculture: It may be noted the presence of one of
the seats of the Crédit agricole of Normandy (fr), whose closure
was announced in June 2010, but also the insurer Groupama, clearly
visible from the Major Howie roundabout, and Mutualité sociale
agricole (fr). Finally, many businesses have developed along the
Agriculture and agro-food hub
The city hosts activities associated with the rearing of cattle and
horses. Each week, a calf market took place in the market installed
until 30 December 2008 near Les Ronchettes. From January 2009, it was
removed and attached to the calf market at Torigni-sur-Vire. The city
also has the Livestock Promotion Centre, located next to the stud
farm, which hosts the equestrian competition of the
show, each year in August. The agri-food cluster has developed since
1990 with the aim of hosting companies in this sector, several public
or parapublic bodies are installed:
Adria normandie: technical advice centre for agro-processing.
The agri-food nursery.
Lilano: Laboratoire interprofessionnel laitier de Normandie
[Inter-professional dairy laboratory of Normandy].
The Centre of agri-food formation of Saint-Lô, an extension of the
Thère Farming School located at Le Hommet-d'Arthenay.
Ardefa: Association régionale pour le développement de l’emploi et
des formations dans les industries alimentaires [Regional Association
for the development of employment and training in the food
Workshop of agri-food rotation.
The agri-food park of
Le Mesnil-Rouxelin on
which the master dairies are established; through lack of
implementation, much remains undeveloped.
In 2008, the only success in the agri-food field was the success of
France Kebab enterprise, which had won many prizes in 2007.
The studio of Tendance Ouest.
Several regional media are disseminated in
Saint-Lô and have an
Manche libre (fr) (weekly newspaper), headquarters
France (daily press), departmental daily
La Presse de la Manche (fr) (daily press)
Tendance Ouest (fr), formerly Radio
France Bleu Cotentin (fr) (radio)
The city of
Saint-Lô falls within the Academy of Caen (fr).
Primary school of the Aurore
Raymond-Brulé primary school
Calmette-et-Guérin primary school
Jules-Verne primary school
Jules-Ferry primary school
Gendrin nursery and primary schools
School complex of the Yser
Sainte-Jeanne-d'Arc School (interparish)
Sainte-Geneviève School (Bon-Sauveur)
Collège Georges-Lavalley : 371 pupils
Collège Louis-Pasteur : 458 pupils
Collège du Bon-Sauveur
Lycée Pierre-et-Marie-Curie : 903 pupils
Lycée Urbain-Le Verrier : 803 pupils
Lycée Camille-Corot : 347 pupils
National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts
National School dairy industry technological hall
School of Management and Business
Graduate School of agribusiness executives
Nursing Training Institute
University Institute of Technology
Saint-Lô branch of the IUT
Main article: [[:IUT of Cherbourg-Manche (fr)]]
The site of
Saint-Lô is a component of the IUT of
Cherbourg-Manche (fr) which offers the following courses:
DUT Multimedia Professions and the Internet (fr)
DUT Thermal Engineering and Energy (fr)
Professional licence, development and protection of the cultural
heritage, option virtual reality and multimedia training
Professional licence, management maintenance and industrial
A part of the Groupe FIM, training organisation of the CCI of Centre
Sud-Manche (fr) and that of Cherbourg (fr).
School of Management and Commerce
The School of Management and Commerce of
Saint-Lô was established in
1988 under the auspices of the FIM Group and is currently headed by
Yves Ricolleau. A member of the national network of the EGC, the
school offers post-BAC training (fr) consisting of three years of
responsible marketing, commercialisation and management. The school
gains about 40 new students each year.
Saint-Lô has been the site of various garrisons at the Bellevue
? - 1923 : 3 battalions (1st, 2nd and 3rd) of the 136th
Infantry Regiment (fr)
1924 - 1929 : 1st Battalion of the 1st Colonial
1929 - 1939 : 8th Infantry Regiment (fr)
? - ? : 208th Infantry Regiment (fr)
1963 - ? : 512th Transport Group, coming from Constantine
1978 - 1984 : 1st RIMA
The Cinémoviking cinema
Jean Lurçat Cultural Centre: media library, museum of fine
arts (fr), auditorium, drawing school and community building.
Municipal music school
The Roger Ferdinand Theatre
The Normandy: concert hall for current music
Lieu Pluri-artistique Art Plume [Multi-artistic Pen Art Place] in the
Valley of the Dollée
The cinema Cinemoviking, on Esplanade Jean-Grémillon.
The Cinemoviking cinema opened on 1 April 2009, and was the first
cinema of Lower
Normandy to offer 3D films.
Fête de la musique
Fête de la musique 2013, in Saint-Lô.
Asian Culture Festival and manga (in February)
Housing fair: Parc des expos (late February)
The Hétéroclites (in June): Street theatre, acrobatics, music, in
the bucolic atmosphere of the Valley of the Dollée.
Festival of the Vire: At the Plage verte (last weekend in June)
Festival of music with the Tendance Live Show organised by Tendance
Chess Festival (early July) Festival
Criterium of the ramparts of Saint-Lô: Around the Enclos (last
Wednesday of July)
The Jeudis du haras [Thursdays of the Stud]:
Saint-Lô stud farm (July
Normandy horse show: equine complex (August)
Foire aux Croûtes et à la brocante [Fair of the Crusts and of the
flea market]: City centre (in September): exhibition and sale of
paintings of local artists and garage sale
Polyfollia (fr): Choral festival (October, biennial; ended in
Challenges de la ville de
Saint-Lô de tir [Challenges of the city of
Saint-Lô of shooting] (rifle, pistol and field crossbow) organised
Saint-Lô shooting club at the Salle
Saint-Ghislain on the
Rue de l'Exode, the second weekend of October.
Fair of Saint-Lô: Parc des expos (October)
National stallion competition (October)
Sonic Meetings (in November), music festival
Personalities linked to the commune
Jean Teulé, French novelist and native of Saint-Lô.
Jacques Davy Duperron
Jacques Davy Duperron (1556-1618), poet and diplomat.
Daniel Saint (fr) (1778-1847), miniaturist of the 19th
Urbain Le Verrier
Urbain Le Verrier (1811-1877), astronomer and mathematician, born in
Saint-Lô where he spent the first years of his childhood. A plaque is
installed at the Place du Champ-de-Mars on the building where he
Alexandre Blanchet (fr) (1819-1867), physician
Leonor Couraye du Parc (fr) (1820-1893), legal and artistic
Manche and grandson of the last
François Léonor Couraye du Parc (fr).
Octave Feuillet (1821-1890), writer, was born and died in Saint-Lô.
His birthplace is 2 Rue Saint-Georges. A novelist and playwright who
gained success under the Second Empire, he was considered a 'bourgeois
writer' of that era and was elected to the
Académie française when
40 years old.
Valérie Feuillet (fr) (1832-1906), woman of letters and wife of
Daniel de Losques (fr) (1880-1915), cartoonist
Raymond Brulé (fr) (1897-1944), resistant, died during
Jacques Datin (1920-1973), composer who wrote for
Juliette Gréco, Serge Lama, Claude Nougaro, Édith Piaf, etc.
Jean-Pierre Brulé (fr) (1929), director of IT companies, son of
Raymond Brulé (fr)
Michel Brulé (fr) (1932), son of Raymond Brulé
Claude Rolley, (1933-2007), archaeologist,
Emeritus Professor of the
University of Burgundy, writer on the art of
Gaul and ancient Greece,
President of the Académie du Morvan (fr)
Jean Teulé (1953), novelist, who also performed in film and on
Jacky Vimond (1961), first French motocross rider to become world
champion in 1986
Stéphane Puisney (fr), designer writer
Éric Levallois (fr), gold medallist team rider at the 2002 FEI
World Equestrian Games
Florian Angot (fr) and Reynald Angot (fr), riders of the
France at the Olympic Games in Athens
Alexis Loret (1975), actor who was in the film
Mariages ! (fr) by Valérie Guignabodet
Hugues Duboscq, French swimmer, bronze medallist in the 100m
breaststroke at the 2004 and 2008 Summer Olympics
Mathieu Johann, singer, candidate in the fourth season of Star Academy
Benoit Lesoimier, professional footballer who plays for Stade Brestois
Florian Geffrouais (1988), decathlete.
François Léonor Couraye du Parc (fr) (1746-1818), the last
Viscount of Granville, died at Saint-Lô, where he was president of
the court of first instance, on 30 August 1818
Pierre Le Menuet de La Jugannière (fr) (1746-1835), deputy Mayor
of Saint-Lô, public prosecutor and president of the Criminal Court of
Manche, deputy of
Manche in the Council of Ancients.
Édouard-Léonor Havin (fr) (1755-1829), lawyer in
member of the convention
Louis Caillemer (fr) (1764-1827), military
Pierre Yver (fr) (1768-1826), politician of
Manche was a borough
Saint-Lô under the Empire
Jean Follain, author, devoted a book entitled
Chef-lieu (1950), in
Saint-Lô where he spent his adolescence. Many documents are gathered
in the Museum of Fine Arts of the city
Samuel Beckett, writer, who enlisted as a steward at the Irish
Hospital of Saint-Lô. He dedicated four lines which are today
engraved at the entrance to the Museum of Fine Arts.[Note 18]
Paul-Jacques Bonzon, youth novelist
Albert II, current Prince of Monaco, who carries
Baron of Saint-Lô
amongst his many titles (fr).
The Louis-Villemer Stadium
In 2014-2015, FC
Manche developed its team first in CFA 2
and two other teams in the League of Lower Normandy (fr). In
2004, the club was playing in the CFA. The club home is the
recently-built Louis-Villemer Stadium (fr).
The Union sportive Sainte-Croix-de-
Saint-Lô develops a football team
in the League of Lower
Normandy and two others in district
Other sports clubs
Jimmer's de Saint-Lô (fr):
Baseball team was twice champion of
France (1996 and 1997). Evolving in the Championship of
in 2006, the club was dropped for the 2007 season for financial
reasons and evolved at the regional level in 2008.
Horse Show is a major riding event for the promotion of
the saddle horse. The annual event takes place around the week of 15
France Dessoude, directed by André Dessoude,
Rally raid Championship, including the Dakar Rally. In
2002, he hired Johnny Hallyday.
Saint-Lô Handball inhabited the French Championship of handball
National 3 (fr) in 2012.
Saint-Lô Rugby Club.
Saint-Lô shooting club, formerly Buffalo Club, created 4 August 1952;
the main shooting stand is located at 91 Rue Poterne to the level of
the Tour des Beaux-Regards in the tunnels of the old unfinished German
underground hospital, dug during the World War II.
Saint-Lô Chess Club. Recognised as one of the most dynamic
chess clubs in France. The young team is part of the
Top 16, first national division.
Saint-Lô Volley was playing in the Men's volleyball Championship of
France National 3 (fr) in 2012.
Saint-Lô Floorball (fr), the first club of floorball in Manche.
ARC Club saint-lois:
Archery club established in 1977, premier club in
Patronage laïque saint-lois [Saint-lois secular patronage]: Table
Sports complex of
Saint-Ghislain (former indoor pool on Rue de
Straw wall, in the gym, for archery
André-Guilbert - Maréchal-Juin Gym
Gym Hall of the Bois Ardent & Dojo Alain-Crépieux Dojo - Place
Table tennis hall - Rue du Mesnilcroc
Complex of the Vaucelle: Jean-Berthelem Stadium - base of canoeing
Louis-Villemer Stadium (fr) - Ronchettes: football pitch
Aurora Stadium - Ronchettes: rugby ground
Fernand-Beaufils Sports Centre - Champs de Mars: basketball, fencing
Aquatic Centre - Bois Jugan, opened in January 2005. It has a 25m pool
with a movable floor to adjust depth, a leisure pool (wild river, seat
massage, etc.), a wading pool, an outdoor pool open year-round and a
gym (cold bath, jacuzzi, hammam, fitness room and massage shower).
The tennis courts of the Memorial
Tennis Club - France-United States
Memorial Hospital (fr)
Equestrian centre of the Gourmette saint-loise
Squash - Bois Jugan (near the aquatic centre)
Compact golf - Bois Jugan
Archery field - Rue Valvire (at the end)
Sites and monuments
Church of Notre-Dame
An overall view of the church.
The Church of Notre-Dame de Saint-Lô (fr) is a monument of
Flamboyant Gothic style erected on four centuries from the end of the
13th century to replace the former castle's chapel. It is located
in the Enclos surrounded by ramparts and was listed on the register of
historic monuments in 1840. The outdoor pulpit was noted and drawn by
Victor Hugo, which he called 'unique' in a letter to Adèle
Foucher (fr). He protected it from demolition, which was planned
prior to town renovation in 1863.
The building suffered heavy destruction during World War II,
although it was among the only standing buildings after the 1944
bombings. If the stained-glass windows were saved, after being always
present since temporary removal during the war, the nave was gutted
following the collapse of the North Tower which was shelled by German
artillery. Its roof and façade were destroyed, as well as the top of
the other tower. Instead of rebuilding the church identically, the
architect of Historic Monuments decided to build a greenschist
frontage to highlight the scar left by the war. The statue of
Notre-Dame du Pilier is from 1467; having been destroyed and remade
several times, it is now housed on a column in the apse chapel.
Church of Sainte-Croix
The abbey church of Sainte-Croix (fr) is, according to the
tradition, the heir of a chapel built here by St. Helena in the 4th
century and of an abbey founded by Charlemagne. More documented is the
creation of an
Augustinian abbey by the bishop of
Coutances in 1132.
The Romanesque church was consecrated in 1202, being largely remade in
the following centuries with successive renovations. The choir was
remade in the 16th century while the bell tower is from 1860–1863.
During World War II, the bell tower (located laterally) collapsed and
it was on its ruins where the body of Major Howie was placed; a new
bell tower was rebuilt in 1957 on the forecourt in a modern style. On
the church square stands the departmental monument in memory of the
victims of the wars of Algeria and Indochina, opened in 2005.
Cemetery of Saint-Lô
The cemetery of
Saint-Lô is located between the Saint-Croix Church
and the national stud, on the Route de Lison. The cemetery is much
marked by the Second World War with the plot of the civilian victims
of the bombing of 1944, also the mausoleum of the Blanchet family, and
Major Glover S. Johns Junior who installed the first command post
before releasing the city. One can still find the tomb of the French
revolutionary general (fr) Dagobert. Also note the weeping statue
which has traces of shrapnel, a bronze sculpture of Cabet, who was a
student of F. Rude.
The Protestant temple
The parish of
Saint-Lô has other Catholic buildings:
Church of Saint Jean-Eudes located in Val Saint-Jean
The chapel of the Memorial Hospital
The chapel of the Saint Jean clinic
The chapel of the Bon-Sauveur psychiatric hospital
The John XXIII Chapel in the Dollée quarter
The city also has a temple of the Protestant Reformed Church of
France. It was built by architect Verrey with the glazing of Max
Ingrand and was inaugurated on 23 October 1955.
Historical civil heritage
Several sites are registered as historic monuments:
The Madeleine Chapel.
The Château de la Vaucelle, registered on 11 July 1975.
Notre-Dame church, recorded in 1840, contains ten objects registered
in respect of objects classified as historical monuments.
The Sainte-Croix church.
The National Stud and its park, registered on 18 February 1993.
The wards and the lobby of the France-
United States Memorial
The Manor of Bosdel, constructed between the 16th and 18th centuries,
registered as an historic monument on 1 April 1946.
The remains of the walls recorded on 12 December 1945 but the Rue de
la poterne and the Place des Beaux-Regards had been registered as
early as 22 October 1937.
The Maison-Dieu [House of God] (not to be confused with the
Hôtel-Dieu) located opposite the church and built in the second half
of the 15th century was razed during the bombings of 1944. This
bourgeois construction presented a half-timbered façade with corbels
and sculptures. Another House, called Poids Royal, located in the
quad at 11 Rue Thiers in the Enclos had been included in historical
monuments on 3 October 1929, it was also destroyed.
Saint-Lô and the Beaux-Regards Tower.
Saint-Lô also has remains of its medieval line of walls. Ramparts
still exist on three of the four sides of the Enclos. The remains
include: Tour des Beaux-Regards ("Tower of Beautiful Glances"),
commanding the steepest part of the spur of the town, and the Tour de
la Poudrière ("Tower of the Gunpowder Store"), an impressive military
relic of the old citadel, are the two most notable elements of the
ramparts. On the south side, the wartime disaster of 1944 had the
paradoxical effect of clearing the base, where houses had grown around
the Rue du Torteron.
The Haras National of Saint-Lô.
Main article: [[:Haras National of Saint-Lô (fr)]]
Saint-Lô is home to the largest of the 23 national stud farms in
France. In 1806,
Saint-Lô with a deposit of
stallions by the Imperial Decree of 4 July 1806 (fr). From
its origin, the deposit was installed on buildings and abandoned land
of the old Abbey of Sainte-Croix (3 ha (7.4 acres) first leased
and then owned from 22 September 1807). The stud then recruited from
the breeding of the Haras du Pin.
In 1826, the military remount depot moved premises which the stud had
given to it; most stallions were taken from the stud to provide
cavalry. On 28 May 1874, the Boscher Law enabled supervision of the
allocations of the regiments and allowed to provide the stud with over
230 horses. On 28 June 1881, the municipal council decided to transfer
the stud to adjoin the Route de Bayeux. Thus, the current stud farm
buildings date from 1884 (the first stone was laid on 11 June 1884),
and the transfer was finished three years later. During World War I,
five mares out of six were requisitioned, but no stallions. Grooms
fought at the front, and German prisoners dug a pond. In 1939, the old
stable housed the staff of the Haras de
Strasbourg (40 stallions and
staff) at the time of the German breakthrough. Then, in 1944, fifty
horses were killed by the bombing and other stallions were stolen by
German soldiers in flight. The old stud was destroyed and claimed
by the city. Thus, there only remains the street of the same name and
Normandy building which was previously the former riding school.
The new stud was then built. General de Gaulle offered to the Sultan
of Morocco Bois de Rose, a thoroughbred which had been stationed at
the stud for two years. The stud then grew gradually in the field of
reproduction, by investing in an artificial insemination centre, a
centre for the freezing of semen and an embryo transfer unit. Thus,
the electoral district of
Saint-Lô has the highest density of
breeding deposits of France.
Château de la Vaucelle
Château de la Vaucelle
Located on the bank of the Vire, the Château de la Vaucelle (fr)
belongs to the Saint-Lois descendants of the 17th century diarist Luc
Duchemin. The Sainte-Pernelle Chapel is the work of a Lord of the
Vaucelle Jean Boucart, confessor of Louis XI and founder of the parish
library of Saint-Lô, which was at the time the second library of
Normandy by importance. Three kings resided at the Vaucelle: Edward
III in 1346, at the beginning of the
Hundred Years' War
Hundred Years' War the king found
that it was not a safe city, Francis I during his visit in 1532 and
Charles IX. The dovecote and the northern wall niche are listed as
Museum of Fine Arts
Rotunda of the tapestries of the Amours de Gombault et Macée.
Main article: [[:Museum of Fine Arts of Saint-Lô (fr)]]
Built by the architect Eugène Leseney, the Jean-Lurçat Cultural
Centre is situated on the Place du Champ-de-Mars, opposite the
Sainte-Croix Church. It houses the Museum of Fine Arts where, within
the collections of the city since 1989, are found: The writings and
sketches of Jean Follain, paintings by Corot, Guillaume Fouace,
Eugène Boudin. Is also exposed the tapestries of the Amours de
Gombault et Macée (fr) (16th century), composed of eight
tapestries from the
Bruges workshops including a draft with the
theme of the Lai d'Aristote (fr).
Museum of the Norman Bocage
Main article: [[:Museum of the Norman Bocage (fr)]]
Boisjugan farm is a farmhouse from the 17th century which was in use
until 1970. Converted into a museum, it traces the history and
ethnography of agriculture in the Norman bocage since the 18th century
with agricultural practices, horse and cattle breeding. Typical sites
are reconstructed (workshop, stable, barn and creamery).
Chapel of Madeleine
Memorial of La Madeleine and the chapel
The Chapelle de la Madeleine (fr) is located right next to the
national stud, on the road to Bayeux. It is a relic of a former
leprosarium from the 14th century. It was classified as an historical
monument on 3 August 1974 and was restored between 1988 and 1994. A
memorial was inaugurated in May 1995 in honour of the soldiers of the
29th and 35th divisions who liberated
Saint-Lô in 1944. Photos,
commemorative plaques, tables and flags are on display.
Other notable places
A memorial in the city honours Major Thomas Howie, Commander of the 3d
Battalion, 116th Infantry Regiment of the U.S. Army's 29th Division;
the unit that liberated the city on July 18, 1944. Howie was killed
just before his unit entered the city and was so highly respected that
his men placed his flag-draped body on the hood of a jeep at the front
of the column so he could be the first American to enter the city. He
became famous as the "Major of Saint-Lô".
Place de la Mairie
La Laitière normande [The Norman dairywoman], of Arthur Le Duc.
Redesigned in 1990, the city square is all black asphalt lit by
spotlights on the ground. At night it has a resemblance to an airport
runway. The statue of the dairywoman or Femme d'Isigny [Woman of
Isigny] can be seen at the top of the square. Arthur Le Duc (fr)
(1848-1918) introduced a plaster statue in 1887, a Norman woman marked
by the hard work of the Earth, a milk rod (a typical Normandy
container) on her shoulder. A few years later, the bronze arrived
in Saint-Lô. It is set on a round plinth, surrounded by a basin, on
the Place des Beaux-Regards in front of the Notre-Dame church. She
moved a little further when the
Poilu of the Great War was installed.
It was then unbolted and melted on 8 February 1942, by the Germans, to
recover the bronze for the arms industry. In January 1984, André
Leplanquais, a merchant of Saint-Lô, wanted to create a replica of
this statue. A fundraiser gained significant donations from residents.
Once the money was together, the sculptor Louis Derbré (fr), the
famous sculptor of Ernée, fashioned a new statue based on the
original plans. Moved several times, one can find it near stairs of
the square. The base and the granite basin are the original.
La Laitière normande of Louis Derbré, from after Arthur Le Duc.
The Havin fountain also created by Arthur Le Duc in 1887 was
located near the Museum of Saint-Lô; its statue was also melted by
the Germans, however no replica has been created. Nearby is the prison
entrance, a remnant of the bombing in 1944. An urn containing the
ashes of deportees is placed at the foot of it. A memorial in honour
of the victims of Nazi repression, it became the departmental monument
to the Resistance. The belfry can also be observed from the square,
which seems to spring from the heart of the city. Built in 1954, it
was once used to dry the hoses of firefighters. Renovated several
times since 1990, it is the symbol of the reconstruction of the city.
At the top are a weathervane in the shape of
Unicorn and a viewpoint,
from which one can admire the entire region. Previously open to the
public by the tourist office, its access is now forbidden.
The Caisse d'Épargne squirrel
A granite statue representing a squirrel can be seen in Saint-Lô,
which is the logo of the Caisse d'Épargne banking group; It is
located in the Rue Saint-Thomas. What may seem incongruous, it is that
there's no bank of this group nearby. However, the bank did have a
branch in front, but it was moved in the 1990s. Then arose the
question of whether or not to keep the statue for advertising
purposes. The people of
Saint-Lô had become attached to the squirrel,
and it was finally decided to leave it in place.
Quarter of Val Saint-Jean during restructuring (March 2010).
The town of
Saint-Lô consists of a number of quarters:
The Val Saint-Jean, composed mainly of buildings and apartment towers.
The Aurore, composed mostly of single family homes and social housing.
One can discover, the Rue des Sycamores open school of Aurore. This
modern architecture is a work of Eugène Leseney.
The Bois Ardent–Bois Jugan: Located on the south side of the city,
these twp quarters include leisure spaces (urban golf, pool, and
squash, etc.) as well as service spaces (employment service,
retirement home) and a ZAC (fr).
The Dollée composed mainly of a large number of social and private
The Enclos, historic centre of the city within the walls with its
prefectural administrative centre.
Parks and green spaces
The Plage Verte
The commune is a floral city, having obtained three flowers in the
Concours des villes et villages fleuris
Concours des villes et villages fleuris [contest of floral cities and
The public garden: It is located in the Enclos, between the Tour des
Beaux-Regards and the administrative area. The view is breathtaking on
Vire and Rue Torteron.
The Plage Verte [Green Beach]: A green space created in 2001 on part
of the old tangue wharf in the vicinity of the River Vire, between the
ramparts and the railway station. The modern Henri Liébard footbridge
connects the two banks of the river roughly at the location of the
former which had been destroyed during the bombing of June 1944. It is
also the setting of the festival of the
Vire which is held annually
during the last weekend of June. It also allows access to the piers
for boat tours.
The islands of the river Vire: Lebroussois island and Möselman Island
are separated by the weir. An arboretum has been planted at the foot
of the brick chimney, only remnant of the paper mill which was burned
in the 1930s.
The towpath: Between the station and the Rocreuil bridge, many
Saint-Lô people walk, do their jogging and cycling there. One can see
the Château de la Vaucelle.
The Valley of the Dollée: At the foot of the Route de Lison, there is
a mill race and a watermill and a fitness trail. It is also part of
the festival of "hétéroclites".
The Boisjugan Urban Park: A green area linking the new subdivisions,
which border it, and the old farmland property of the city which
borders the south ring road. This landscape with an area of 12 ha
(30 acres) is located behind the Museum of the Norman Bocage, of the
Aquatic Centre and in the immediate vicinity of the golf course. It
includes green spaces with ponds and wetlands, crossed by stone
walkways overlooking the old paths, all exclusively for walkers. There
is also a playground for children and a fitness trail.
The village of Le Hutrel (fr): In the middle of the Saint-Lô
bocage, Le Hutrel has a village festival, in its square, every year on
The park of the Haras de Saint-Lô: Park and gardens protected as
historical monuments since 18 February 1993.
The city has also two remarkable trees (fr) according to the CAUE
50 that are a saucer magnolia, located in a courtyard of the Rue du
Neufbourg, and a giant sequoia, located in the courtyard of the
district school, on Rue du Général Dagobert.
Twinning programmes and sponsorship
The town of
Saint-Lô is twinned with:
Saint-Ghislain, Belgium, since 9 September 1962
Aalen, Germany, since 3 June 1979
Christchurch, since 20 April 1985
Kervénanec, Lorient, France, since 11 September 1988[citation
Roanoke, USA, since 19 June 1999
Saint-Lô is the sponsor of the patrol vessel La
Tapageuse (fr), a
P400-class patrol vessel
P400-class patrol vessel of the French
Navy, intended for protection tasks of exclusive economic zones or
A French stamp representing the coat of arms of the city was issued on
17 December 1966, the stamp was the sixth of the Arms of cities
series. Its face value was 20 centimes. It was designed by Mireille
Communes of the
USS St. Lo (CVE-63), the
United States Navy escort carrier
named after the city following the landings at the city following
Operation Overlord. She was sunk by kamikaze aircraft during the
Battle of Leyte Gulf, being the first kamikaze casualty of the war.
Fernand-Marie-Eugène Le Gout-Gérard
^ Municipal population 2012.
^ Information board arranged in front of the chimney.
^ Coming from a family ennobled in 1698, he received Louis XVI at
Saint-Lô in 1786
^ He was first advisor of the king and lieutenant particular criminal
assessor at the
Bailiwick of Saint-Lô. Then Mayor of
commissioner of the executive directory for courts to the department.
^ Lawyer and playwright, he brought regularity to the finances of the
city and established the Champ de Mars and the Place des
^ Boismartin was revoked in 1794 for mourning at the death of Louis
^ Jean-Baptiste Antoine Bernard was a member of the administration of
the department in 1791 then First Counsel of the King for the
Bailiwick. He was also a member of the council of the department in
November 1792, gave his resignation on account of incompatibility and
suspended in September 1793 to cause of federalism
^ Officer and moralist, he met
Napoleon in Corsica. The city was in
debt, so he made many reforms and quickly restored the economic
balance. The city council voted funds for the development of his
study, but he decided to use this money to pave the site of the fish
market. He was later a deputy between 1817-1824.
^ Lawyer at the
Paris Parliament, he became director of the department
in 1796, then Secretary General of the Prefecture from 1800 to 1814
and deputy for
Manche during the Hundred Days; he strove to beautify
the city (rampe des Beaux-Regards, courthouse, urban works).
^ Former county inspector of charitable institutions in
stepfather of Octave Feuillet.
^ Auvray was timber merchant in
Saint-Lô and president of the
commercial court; he was elected deputy between 1869-1870.
^ Auguste Houssin Dumanoir was councillor of Marigny between 1846 and
1852 and then of
Saint-Lô until 1889.
^ Rauline was, amongst others, a Bonapartist deputy from 1876 to 1904
and Vice President of the Académie d'Agriculture
^ Elected to the left, he was also sub-prefect of Cherbourg in 1870
then prefect of
Creuse in 1871.
^ Ludger left
Saint-Lô in 1922 for Paris, leaving in the interim Dr.
^ Resigned for health reasons.
^ In the census table, by convention, the principle was
retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 not to display
the census populations in the table corresponding to the year 2006,
the first published legal population calculated according to the
concepts defined in Decree No. 2003-485 of 5 June 2003, and the years
corresponding to an exhaustive census survey for municipalities with
less than 10,000 inhabitants, and the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc. For
municipalities with more than 10,000, the latest legal population is
published by INSEE for all municipalities.
Vire will wind in other shadows (Les méandres de la Vire
charrieront d'autres ombres), Unborn though the bright ways tremble
(à venir qui vacillent encore dans la lumière des chemins), And the
old mind ghost-forsaken (et le vieux crâne vidé de ses spectres),
Sink into its havoc (se noiera dans son propre chaos)."
^ Petit Robert. 1987.
^ The expression "Capitale des Ruines" is attributed to Bernard
Jacqueline (fr), former apostolic nuncio and erudite historian.
It was taken over by
Samuel Beckett in his text The Capital of Ruins
of 10 June 1946.
^ "Géoportail (IGN), "Limites administratives" layer
^ "climat de la Manche". Météo-France.
^ "Bientôt plus de train entre
Saint-Lô et Paris!" [Soon more train
Paris and Saint-Lô!]. La
Manche libre (in French). 29
^ "Le principe du vélorail" [The principle of the rail bike] (in
French). Retrieved 28 September 2015.
^ "La Manche, carrefour de l'Arc Atlantique" [Manche, crossroads of
the Atlantic arc] (in French). Retrieved 29 September 2015.
^ Caesar, Julius, Commentarii de Bello Gallico . III, 17.
^ Annuaire du département de la
Manche [Directory of the Département
de la Manche] (in French). 1840. 12th year. p.275
^ Le Roux de Lincy, Antoine (1859). Le livre des proverbes français
précédé de recherches historiques sur le proverbes français [The
book of French proverbs preceded by historical research on the french
proverbs] (in French). p. 392.
^ Lettres concernant les marchands drapiers [Letters concerning the
merchant drapers] (in French). Tours. 11 November 1479. Lettres
patentes de Louis XI.
^ Ruault, Bernard (10 December 2006). "?". La
^ "Appendix A. Edited Text of M804de Jean Froissard" (PDF).
p. 165. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October
^ "Notices, mémoires et documents" [Records, memoirs and documents],
Société d'Agriculture, d'Archéologie et d'Histoire Naturelle du
Département de la
Manche (in French), Jacqueline, 1, 1857
^ Lepingard, Édouard (1866). "Une page de l'histoire de Saint-Lô".
Annuaire du Département de la Manche.
^ Miniac, Jean-François (2012). Les Nouvelles Affaires criminelles de
la Manche. Paris, France: de Borée.
^ Itinéraire de la Libération de
Saint-Lô [Route of the Liberation
Saint-Lô] (in French), p. 5, Information leaflet
^ Mignon, M., Saint-Lô, Jean Missing or empty title= (help)
Saint-Lô sous les bombes" [
Saint-Lô under the bombs] (in French).
Retrieved 2 October 2015.
^ Le Reveil (137). Missing or empty title= (help)
^ "Communes décorées de la croix de guerre 1939-1945" [Communes
decorated with the Croix de Guerre 1939-1945] (PDF). Mémorial Dormans
(in French). Retrieved 2 October 2015.
^ Reagan, Geoffrey. Military Anecdotes (1992) p. 33 Guinness
Publishing ISBN 0-85112-519-0
^ Knowlson James, Beckett, Paris : Solin, Actes Sud, 1999,
trad : Bonis Oristelle, p. 451 and 969
^ Lecornu-Baert, Nathalie (19 March 2014). "1956-2014 :
Saint-Lô se raconte" [1956-2014 : The hospital of
Saint-Lô is told]. Ouest-
France (in French). Retrieved 3 October
^ a b "Sainte-Croix-de-Saint-Lô".
^ a b "Saint-Thomas-de-Saint-Lô".
^ Journal de L.A. Lecarpentier Delavallée, no. 49
^ Journal de L.A. Lecarpentier Delavallée, n° 275
^ J. Travers, Ann. Manche, 1846, p. 486
^ Koebel, Michel. "Le recours à la jeunesse dans l'espace politique
local" [The use of youth in the local political arena] (in
^ "Le Midi Rouge" (PDF). June 2012.
^ "Municipales à Saint-Lô. Installé maire François Brière nomme 9
adjoints". Ouest-France. Ouest-France.
^ "Saint-Lô" [Saint-Lô] (in French). Retrieved 2 October 2015.
^ "50502-Saint-Lô" [50502-
Saint-Lô (2006)] (in French). Retrieved 2
October 2015. , "50502-
Saint-Lô (2011)" [50502-
(in French). Retrieved 2 October 2015. and "50502-Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô (2012)] (in French). Retrieved 2 October
^ "Évolution et structure de la population" [Evolution and structure
of the population] (PDF) (in French). Archived from the original (PDF)
on 5 October 2013.
^ "Pyramide des âges de la
Manche en 2007 sur le site de l'Insee"
[Age pyramid of
Manche in 2007]. recensement.insee.fr (in
French). [permanent dead link]
^ "Le Saint-Lois se cherche un avenir" [Economy - The Saint-Lois is in
search of a future].
Le Point (in French). 17 January 2007. Retrieved
2 October 2015.
^ "page Saint-Lô". Ouest-France. édition
(19429). 31 July 2008.
^ a b c d "Procès-verbal du Conseil municipal" [The municipal council
minutes] (PDF) (in French). 27 March 2009. [permanent dead link]
France Kebab mise tout sur les nouveaux goûts" [
France Kebab is
all about new tastes] (in French). 2009. Retrieved 7 October
^ "Centre d'information et d'orientation de Saint Lô" [Centre of
information and orientation of Saint Lô] (in French).
^ "CLG GEORGES LAVALLEY SAINT-LO" (PDF). Archived from the original
(PDF) on 27 April 2014.
^ "CLG LOUIS PASTEUR SAINT-LO" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF)
on 27 October 2003.
^ "LGT PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE SAINT-LO" (PDF). Archived from the
original (PDF) on 27 April 2014.
^ "LP PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE SAINT-LO" (PDF). Archived from the
original (PDF) on 27 April 2014.
^ "LG LE VERRIER SAINT-LO" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on
27 April 2014.
^ "LP CAMILLE COROT SAINT-LO" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF)
on 27 April 2014.
^ "Site des Troupes de Marine - 1er Régiment d'Infanterie de Marine"
[1st Marine Infantry Regiment] (in French). Retrieved 1 October
^ "Premières séances au Cinémoviking" [First sessions at the
France (in French). 2 April 2009. Retrieved 4
^ a b Ferronnière, Camille. "Normandie
Horse Show. L'excellence au
pôle hippique de Saint-Lô". Ouest-France.
^ "Saint-Lô. La foire aux croûtes et à la brocante à la plage
verte le 22 septembre" [Saint-Lô. Fair of the Crusts and flea market
in the Plage vert on 22 September]. Ouest-
France (in French). 12
^ "Saint-Lô. « Le festival 2014 va signer le clap de fin de
Polyfollia »" [Saint-Lô. "The 2014 festival will sign the final
clap of Polyfollia"]. Ouest-
France (in French). 26 October 2013.
^ "Foire de Saint-Lô : sur la route des vins d'Alsace" [Fair of
Saint-Lô: on the route of wines of Alsace]. La
Manche libre (in
French). 10 April 2013.
^ "LES RENDEZ-VOUS SONIQUES" [The Sonic Meetings]. lenormandy.net (in
^ Le Cardinal Du Perron (in French), Page 2
^ "Saint-Lô". Normandie Héritage (in French).
Urbain Le Verrier
Urbain Le Verrier est-il célèbre à Saint-Lô ?" [Urbain Le
Verrier, is he celebrated in Saint-Lô?]. Ouest-
France (in French). 11
^ "FC St-Lô Manche". Ligue de Basse-Normandie.
^ "U. S. Ste-Croix-de-St-Lô". Ligue de Basse-Normandie.
^ "TEAM NISSAN FRANCE DESSOUDE" (PDF). 3 December 2003.
^ "L'église Notre-Dame de Saint-Lô" [The church of Notre-Dame de
Saint-Lô]. Normandie Héritage (in French).
^ "Eglise Notre-Dame" [Church of Notre-Dame].
^ "Que visiter à Saint-Lô ?" [That visit to Saint-Lô?].
Notrefrance (in French).
^ "Présentation des bases Architecture et Patrimoine" [Presentation
of the Architecture and Heritage databases]. Ministry of Culture (in
French). Retrieved 6 October 2015.
^ "Une visite de
Saint-Lô avec un guide d'avant-guerre" [A visit to
Saint- Lô with a prewar guide]. Ouest-
France (in French). Retrieved 6
^ "Monuments historiques". Retrieved 6 October 2015.
^ a b "Haras national de Saint Lô" [Haras National of Saint-Lô].
Haras nationaux (in French).
^ Le haras national de Saint-Lô, l'univers d'un patrimoine normand
[The National Stud of Saint-Lô, the universe of a Norman heritage]
(in French), 1996
^ "Les Amis des Musées et la ville de Saint-Lô" [The friends of the
museums and the city of Saint-Lô], Office du tourisme de Saint-Lô
(in French), 2006, Plaquette informative
^ "Musée du
Bocage Normand ; redécouvrez le bocage" [Museum of
Bocage Normand; rediscover the bocage], Office du tourisme de
Saint-Lô (in French), 2006, Informative leaflet
^ "Itinéraire de la Libération, 15 sites à découvrir" [Route of
the Liberation, 15 sites to discover], Office du tourisme de Saint-Lô
(in French), 2006, Plaquette informative
^ "La laitière normande, une histoire bouleversé" [The Norman
dairywoman, a story overturned], informative booklet published in
^ "canne à lait". culture.gouv.fr/.
^ "Monument à Havin, ou La Presse guide l'Enfance à la Vérité"
[Monument to Havin, or La Presse guide Children to the Truth] (in
French). Retrieved 30 September 2015.
^ "Notice no AR502239". Base Arcade. Retrieved 30 September
^ "Villes et Villages Fleuris". [permanent dead link]
^ "Liste des jardins protégés" [List of protected gardens] (PDF) (in
French). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2012.
^ "Jumelages" [Twinnings]. Official site of
Saint-Lô (in French).
Archived from the original on 9 March 2010.
^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]".
Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July
2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
^ "Patrouilleur La Tapageuse" [The patroller La Tapageuse] (in
^ "Le blason de Saint Lô". phil-ouest.com. Retrieved 27 September
INSEE commune file
: Document used as a source for the drafting of this article.
Adresse de plusieurs membres du Clergé de Saint-Lô, à l'Assemblée
Nationale. Lue dans la Séance du 13 juillet au soir [Address of
several members of the clergy of Saint-Lô, in the National Assembly.
Read in the meeting of July 13 in the evening] (in French). Paris:
Ballade en clichés :
Saint-Lô court sur un siècle [Ballad in
Saint-Lô runs over a century] (in French). Guilberville: Le
cyprès penché. 2001.
Barbaroux, Jean (1972). Images de
Saint-Lô [Images of Saint-Lô] (in
French). Saint-Lô: P. Gobet.
Barbaroux, Jean; Baude, Henri (1962). Les Tapisseries des amours de
Gombault et de Macée, du Musée de
Saint-Lô [The tapestries of love
of Gombault and Macée, of the Museum of Saint-Lô] (in French).
Saint-Lô: Édition privée.
Leduc, Andrée; Bekaert, Martine (1996). Relevé des mariages de la
Saint-Lô de Rouen : table filiative [Succession of
marriages from the parish of
Saint-Lô in Rouen: filiative table] (in
French). Rouen: Cercle généalogique
Bernard, Abbé (1953). Histoire de la ville de
Saint-Lô et de ses
environs [History of the city of
Saint-Lô and its surroundings] (in
French). Saint-Lô: R. Jacqueline.
Toustain de Billy, René (1812). Mémoires sur l'histoire du Cotentin
et de ses villes: villes de
Saint-Lô et de
Carentan [Memoirs on the
history of the Cotentin peninsula and its cities: cities of Saint-Lô
and Carentan] (in French). Saint-Lô: F. Le Tual.
Boscher, Jean-Yves (1970). La Tenture des amours de Gombaut et Macée
au musée de
Saint-Lô [The drapes of the loves of Gombaut and Macee
at the Museum of Saint-Lô] (in French). Saint-Lô: Jacqueline.
Bouin, Jean (1763). Observation de l'éclipse de lune du 3 février
1757 faite à
Rouen au prieuré de
Saint-Lô [Observation of the lunar
eclipse of 3 February 1757 made in
Rouen to the Priory of Saint-Lô]
(in French). Paris: Imprimerie Royale.
Cailleux, Phillippe (1998). Trois paroisses de Rouen, XIIIe XVe
siècle (Saint-Lô, Notre-Dame-la-Ronde et Saint-Herbland) étude de
topographie et d'urbanisme [Three parishes of Rouen, 13th-15th century
(Saint-Lô, Notre-Dame-la-Ronde and Saint-Herbland) topography and
urban planning study] (in French). Lille: A.N.R.T, Université de
Lille III, Université de
Paris IV, Paris-Sorbonne. Thèse de
Catalogue du manuscrit des heures de
Rouen et de livres
et manuscrits rares, le manuscrit des heures de
Saint-Lô provenant de
feu M. Lebrument [Catalogue of the manuscript of the hours of
Rouen and books and rare manuscripts, the manuscript of
Saint-Lô from the feu M. Lebrument] (in French). Paris: Lib.
Catalogue général des manuscrits des bibliothèques publiques de
France. Tome X, Départements. Avranches, Coutances, Valognes,
Cherbourg, Bayeux, Condé-sur-Noireau, Falaise, Flers, Domfront,
Argentan, Lisieux, Honfleur, Saint-Lô, Mortain, Chapitre de Bayeux,
Vire [General catalogue of the manuscripts of the public
libraries of France. Volume X, departments. Avranches, Coutances,
Valognes, Cherbourg, Bayeux, Condé-sur-Noireau, Falaise, Flers,
Domfront, Argentan, Lisieux, Honfleur, Saint-Lô, Mortain, Chapitre de
Bayeux, Pont-Audemer, Vire] (in French). Paris: Plon. 1889.
Chambre économique de
Saint-Lô (1988). Saint-Lô, Les secrets de la
Licorne [Saint-Lô, the secrets of the Unicorn] (in French).
Claudin, A. (1894). Les Origines de l'imprimerie à
Normandie [The origins of printing at
Saint-Lô in Normandy] (in
French). Paris: A. Claudin.
Le Clerc, R. (1930). Histoire du Bon Sauveur de
Saint-Lô [History of
the Bon Sauveur of Saint-Lô] (in French). Coutances: Imprimerie
Plum, Gilles; Corbierre, Pascal (1994). Saint-Lô : la
Manche [Saint-Lô: Reconstruction, Manche] (in
French). Saint-Lô: Inventaire général des monuments et richesses
artistiques de la France.
Cliquet, Dominique; Fichet de Clairfontaine F., François; Marcigny,
Cyril. 2000 – 5000 ans d’histoire aux portes de Saint-Lô,
Archéologie préventive et aménagement du territoire, catalogue de
Saint-Lô (Manche) [2000 - 5000 years of history at
the gates of Saint-Lô, preventive archaeology and spatial planning,
catalogue of the exhibition of
Saint-Lô (Manche)]. Archives
départementales de la Manche, Conseil Général de la
French). Saint-Lô. 64 p.
Corbin, Stéphane (2003). La vie associative à Saint-Lô :
l'autre reconstruction [The Associational life in Saint-Lô: another
reconstruction] (in French). Paris: L’Harmattan.
Dilasser, François; Le Dantec, Jean-Pierre (1996). Arthotèque de
Caen, Musée de Saint-Lô, Musée de Valenciennes, Musée de l'Abbaye
Sainte-Croix des Sables d'Olonne [Arthotèque Caen, Museum of
Saint-Lô, Museum of Valenciennes, Museum of the Abbey of Sainte-Croix
des Sables d'Olonne] (in French). Cognac: Le temps qu'il fait.
Davodet, Auguste (1933). Quelques notes sur le " Corot " du Musée de
Saint-Lô [Some notes on the "Corot" of the Museum of Saint-Lô] (in
French). Saint-Lô: Jacqueline.
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Saint-Lô in old postcards] (in French). Paris: S.F.L.
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dictionnaire du vieux langage, ou patois des habitants des campagnes
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Saint-Lô at the stake: The martyrdom of a city
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Saint-Lô 44 (in French). Saint-Lô: Jacqueline.
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commission spéciale... sur les réclamations de plusieurs citoyens de
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La Vie à Saint-Lô : du XVIe siècle à 1939 [Life in Saint-Lô:
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Saint-Lô wanted to revive, July to Christmas
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Leclerc, Jacques; Lelégard, Marcel (2003).
Saint-Lô sous les
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Saint-Lô under the bombs:
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Corlet. ISBN 978-2-84706-134-5.
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découverte par M. Messier le 1. avril 1771 faites à l'observatoire
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typologique sur les sinistrés de l'Enclos [Saint-lois disaster on 6
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de Saint-Lô, Sainte-Croix (1870). Cartulaire de
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Seguin, Jean (1930). Cent Réimpressions de vieilles gravures sur bois
ou sur métal provenant d'imprimeries d'Avranches, de Coutances, de
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reprints of old engravings on wood or metal from the printers of
Saint-Lô and two boards of cards to play] (in
French). Paris: Groves & Michaux.
Toussaint, Joseph. La percée américaine à l'ouest de Saint-Lô, La
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west of Saint-Lô, La Chapelle-Enjuger in the battle] (in French).
Marigny: Inédits & introuvables. 1950, 2000.
Travers, Émile (1895). Les premiers imprimeurs de
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Trochon, Charles. Histoire du Collège de
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Potier de La Varde, R. Sur deux Mousses rares observées aux environs
Saint-Lô [On two rare mosses observed around Saint-Lô] (in
French). S.l.: s.n. s.d.
La bataille de
Saint-Lô [The battle of Saint-Lô]. United States.,
Dept. of the Army., Historical Division (in French). Saint-Lô: R.
Wit, Robert (1999). Les gueules de
Saint-Lô et les autres :
rétro souvenir de 520 portraits-charge de 1946 à 2000 [The hangovers
Saint-Lô and others: Retro souvenir of 520 ornate portraits
1946-2000] (in French). Saint-Lô: S.n.
Jouet, Roger (2012).
Saint-Lô [Saint-Lô] (in French). éditions
Saint-Lô retrouvé (Media notes). DVD of the association of the same
name, which reconstitutes the urban landscape before the bombing of 6
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint-Lô.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Saint-Lô.
Town council website
The bombing of Saint-Lo – June 1944
The heroic and painful memory of the summer of 1944 (In French)
History of the château and the churches of
Saint-Lô (In French)
Map of the commune in 1749
Old views of
Saint-Lô on the site of the
Manche archives (In French)
"St Lô". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.
Prefectures of departments of France
La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime)
Le Puy-en-Velay (Haute-Loire)
Le Mans (Sarthe)
La Roche-sur-Yon (Vendée)
Belfort (Territoire de Belfort)
Cayenne (French Guiana)
Juvigny les Vallées
ISNI: 0000 0001 2160 4012