Sahiwal (Punjabi and Urdu: ساہِيوال) is a city in
Punjab, Pakistan. It is the administrative center of
and used to be that of the former
approximately 180 km from the major city
Lahore and lies between
Lahore and Multan. With a population of 207,388 (1998 Pakistan
Census), it is the 14th largest city in the
Punjab and the 22nd
largest city in Pakistan.
A small village on the Karachi-
Lahore railway line during 1865 was
named Montgomery after Sir Robert Montgomery, then Lieutenant-Governor
of Punjab. Later, it was made the capital of the Montgomery
District. Its name was reinstated as
Sahiwal in 1967 after the Sahi
Rajpoots who are the native inhabitants of this area.
The city is in the densely populated region between the
Ravi rivers. The principal crops are wheat, cotton, tobacco,
legumes, potato and oilseeds. Cotton goods and lacquered woodwork
3 Twin city
4 Notable people from Sahiwal
5 See also
7 External links
Sahiwal District has been settled from the pre-historical era.
Harappa is an archaeological site, about 35 km (22 mi) west
of Sahiwal, that was built approximately 2600 BCE. The area was part
of South Asian empires and in crossroads of migrations and invasions
from Central Asia. The pastoral tribes of this barren expanse did not
appear to have paid more than a nominal allegiance to the Muslim
rulers, the population for the most part remained in a chronic state
Sahiwal is located close to Pakpattan, a famous medieval
Sufi pilgrimage site.
Pakpattan owes its sanctity and
modern name, 'the holy ferry', to the shrine of the great
Fariduddin Ganjshakar Shaikh-ul-Islam, Farid-ul-Hakkwa-ud-Din, Shakar
Ganj (1173–1265) which was visited by old great traveler and
Ibn Batuta in 1334. The native population converted to Islam
Sufi missionaries. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh
took control of Sahiwal. The inhabitants were treated benevolently
during Sikh rule. The district came under direct British rule in 1849,
when the district was officially formed with its headquarters at
Pakpattan. The district was expanded to include the trans-Ravi portion
in 1852, and the district headquarters were moved to Gogera. In 1865,
when the railway was opened, a village on the railway side, was named
"Montgomery" and became the capital of the district.
During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, there was a general uprising of
Muslim population of Sahiwal, and the district formed the scene of
the only uprising which took place north of Sutlej. Before the end of
May 1857, emissaries from
Delhi crossed the river from Sirsa and
Hisar, where open rebellion was already ripe, and met with a ready
reception from the Kharals and various other
Muslim tribes. The
district authorities, however, kept down the threatened uprising till
August 26, 1857 when the prisoners in jail made a desperate attempt to
break loose. At the same time Ahmad Khan, a famous
Kharal leader, who
had been detained at Gogera, broke his arrest, and though apprehended,
was released on security, together with several other suspected
chieftains. On September 16, they fled to their homes, and the whole
country rose in open rebellion. Kot
Kamalia was sacked; and Major
Chamberlain, moving up with a small force from Multan, was besieged
for some days at
Chichawatni on the Ravi. The situation at the civil
station remained critical till Colonel Paton arrived with substantial
reinforcements from Lahore. An attack which took place immediately
after their arrival was repulsed. Several minor actions followed in
the open field, until finally the rebels, driven from the plain into
the jungles of the interior, were utterly defeated and dispersed. The
British troops then inflicted severe punishment on the insurgent
clans, destroying their villages, and seizing large numbers of
The climate of
Sahiwal district is extreme, reaching 52 °C in
summer, and down to −5 °C in winter. The soil of the district
is very fertile. The average rainfall is about 200 mm.....
Sahiwal is twinned with the town of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester,
North West England. Approximately eight per cent of town's population
is of Asian origin, most of whom have links with Pakistan. The
twinning arrangement was agreed between
Notable people from Sahiwal
Majeed Amjad, Urdu poet
Mushtaq Ahmed, former test cricketer
Manzoor Elahi, former test cricketer
Tariq Aziz, television anchor
Attash Durrani, Urdu writer and Scholar
Rana Mohammad Hanif Khan, politician and former Finance Minister of
Kunwar Mohinder Singh Bedi Sahar, Urdu Poet
Nouraiz Shakoor, politician and former Federal minister
Munir Niazi, Urdu Poet
Nazir Naji journalist and Urdu columnist for the Daily Dunya
Emmanuel Neno, Christian author and translator
Dildar Pervaiz Bhatti, (TV artist, compere, comedian, anchor)
Brigadier Kuldip Singh Chandpuri, MVC, VSM, Indian Army Officer
Zafar Ali Stadium
University of Sahiwal
^ a b c "Table 209".
Punjab Development Statistics 2016 (PDF). Bureau
of Statistics, Government of The Punjab. p. 335(340). Retrieved
28 May 2017.
^ a b The New Encyclopædia Britannica: Micropædia. Encyclopædia
Britannica. 1991. ISBN 978-0-85229-529-8. Retrieved 18 July
^ A history by
Sahiwal Police Archived 2009-05-23 at the Wayback
^ Agricultural Research Council (Pakistan) (1 January 1980). Pakistan
journal of agricultural research.
Pakistan Agricultural Research
Council. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
^ Nazli, Caesar B. Cororaton, Abdul Salam, Zafar Altaf, David Orden
and Reno Dewina, Nicholas Minot, Hina. Cotton-Textile-Apparel Sectors
of Pakistan: Situations and Challenges Faced. Intl Food Policy Res
Inst. p. 47. GGKEY:1W7L1FH7N4N. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
^ Cotton handbook of Pakistan.
Pakistan Central Cotton Committee.
1983. p. 217. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
^ "Montgomery District, Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 17, p. 410.,
1860–1922". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
Montgomery District – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 17, p.
411". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
^ ":Govt. Post Graduate College Sahiwal:". Gpgcs.edu.pk. Retrieved
Punjab Assembly". Pap.gov.pk. Retrieved 2010-03-24.
^ "Town twinning". rochdale.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 29
October 2007. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
NIMLS COLLEGE Sahiwal
Neighbourhoods of Sahiwal
Sahiwal Division and
Towns and councils
Chak No. 42/12.L
Chak no. 24/11-L
Chak 86/6.R Sahiwal
Chak No. 110/7R
Chak no. 116/12.L Kassowal
Chak No. 42/12.L