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The Info List - Sagittaria Cuneata





Sagittaria
Sagittaria
cuneata is a species of flowering plant in the water plantain family known by the common name arumleaf arrowhead[2] or duck potato. Like some other Sagittaria
Sagittaria
species, it may be called wapato. It is native to much of North America, including most of Canada
Canada
(every province and territory except Nunavut) as well as the western and northeastern United States
United States
(New England, Great Lakes, Great Plains, Rocky Mountain, Great Basin
Great Basin
and Pacific Coast
Pacific Coast
states; including Alaska but not Hawaii).[3][4][5] Sagittaria
Sagittaria
cuneata is an aquatic plant, growing in slow-moving and stagnant water bodies such as ponds and small streams. It is quite variable in appearance, and submerged parts of the plant look different from those growing above the surface or on land. In general it is a perennial herb growing from a white or blue-tinged tuber. The leaves are variable in shape, many of them sagittate (arrow-shaped) with two smaller, pointed lobes opposite the tip. The leaf blades are borne on very long petioles. The plant is monoecious, with individuals bearing both male and female flowers. The inflorescence which rises above the surface of the water is a raceme made up of several whorls of flowers, the lowest node bearing female flowers and upper nodes bearing male flowers. The flower is up to 2.5 centimeters wide with white petals. The male flowers have rings of yellow stamens at the centers. Each female flower has a spherical cluster of pistils which develops into a group of tiny fruits.[6][7][8][9][10]

Contents

1 Conservation status in the United States 2 Native American ethnobotany 3 References 4 External links

Conservation status in the United States[edit] It is listed as endangered in Connecticut[11] and New Jersey. It is listed as threatened in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Ohio.[12] Native American ethnobotany[edit] The Cheyenne
Cheyenne
give dried leaves to horses for urinary troubles and for a sore mouth.[13] The Klamath use the rootstocks as food.[14] The Menominee
Menominee
string the dried, boiled, sliced potatoes together for winter use.[15] The Ojibwe
Ojibwe
eat the corms for indigestion, and also as a food, eaten boiled fresh, dried or candied with maple sugar. Muskrat and beavers store them in large caches, which they have learned to recognize and appropriate.[16] The Paiute use the roots for food.[17] The indigenous people of Montana
Montana
use eat the tubers raw and boiled.[18] References[edit]

^ The Plant
Plant
List Sagittaria
Sagittaria
cuneata ^ " Sagittaria
Sagittaria
cuneata". Natural Resources Conservation Service
Natural Resources Conservation Service
PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 26 October 2015.  ^ " Sagittaria
Sagittaria
cuneata in Flora of North America
North America
@ efloras.org". www.efloras.org. Retrieved 2017-01-30.  ^ Biota of North America
North America
Program, map, Sagittaria
Sagittaria
cuneata ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant
Plant
Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". apps.kew.org. Retrieved 2017-01-30.  ^ "UC/JEPS: Jepson Manual treatment for SAGITTARIA cuneata". ucjeps.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 2017-01-30.  ^ "Plants Profile for Sagittaria
Sagittaria
cuneata (arumleaf arrowhead)". plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 2017-01-30.  ^ Club., Torrey Botanical (1893-01-01). "Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club". v.20 (1893).  ^ Gandoger, Michel. 1920. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 66: 294, Sagittaria
Sagittaria
suksdorfii ^ Blankinship, Joseph William. 1905. Science Studies, Montana
Montana
College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. Botany, Bozeman 1: 40, pl. 6, Sagittaria
Sagittaria
paniculata ^ "Connecticut's Endangered, Threatened and Special
Special
Concern Species 2015". State of Connecticut
Connecticut
Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Bureau of Natural Resources. Retrieved 12 January 2018. (Note: This list is newer than the one used by plants.usda.gov and is more up-to-date.) ^ "Plants Profile for Sagittaria
Sagittaria
cuneata (arumleaf arrowhead)". plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 12 January 2018.  ^ Hart, Jeffrey A., 1981, The Ethnobotany
Ethnobotany
of the Northern Cheyenne Indians of Montana, Journal of Ethnopharmacology 4:1-55, page 6 ^ Coville, Frederick V., 1897, Notes On The Plants Used By The Klamath Indians Of Oregon., Contributions from the U.S. National Herbarium 5(2):87-110, page 90 ^ Smith, Huron H., 1923, Ethnobotany
Ethnobotany
of the Menomini Indians, Bulletin of the Public Museum of the City of Milwaukee 4:1-174, page 61 ^ Smith, Huron H., 1932, Ethnobotany
Ethnobotany
of the Ojibwe
Ojibwe
Indians, Bulletin of the Public Museum of Milwaukee 4:327-525, page 396 ^ Fowler, Catherine S., 1989, Willards Z. Park's Ethnographic Notes on the Northern Paiute of Western Nevada 1933-1940, Salt Lake City. University of Utah Press, page 44 ^ Blankinship, J. W., 1905, Native Economic Plants of Montana, Bozeman. Montana
Montana
Agricultural College Experimental Station, Bulletin 56, page 22

External links[edit]

photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, collected in Idaho, isoepitype of Sagittaria
Sagittaria
cuneata photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, collected in New Mexico, Sagittaria
Sagittaria
cuneata Washington Burke Museum Sagittaria
Sagittaria
cuneata' Photo gallery Sagittaria
Sagittaria
cuneata' Washington State Department of Ecology, Shoreline Plants, Sagittaria cuneata Plants for a Future, Sagittaria
Sagittaria
cuneata Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest, Turner Photographics, Sagittaria cuneata arum-leaf arrowhead

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q7399297 EoL: 2900975 EPPO: SAGCU FNA: 222000331 GBIF: 5329097 GRIN: 452458 iNaturalist: 78925 IPNI: 225232-2 ITIS: 38917 IUCN: 64324210 NCBI: 353097 Plant
Plant
List: kew-287210 PLANTS: SACU Tropicos: 900004 VASCAN: 2466

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